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Sleep Difficulties

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636879/delineating-neuroinflammation-parasite-cns-invasion-and-blood-brain-barrier-dysfunction-in-an-experimental-murine-model-of-human-african-trypanosomiasis
#1
Jean Rodgers, Barbara Bradley, Peter G E Kennedy
Although Trypanosoma brucei spp. was first detected by Aldo Castellani in CSF samples taken from sleeping sickness patients over a century ago there is still a great deal of debate surrounding the timing, route and effects of transmigration of the parasite from the blood to the CNS. In this investigation, we have applied contrast-enhance magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study the effects of trypanosome infection on the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the well-established GVR35 mouse model of sleeping sickness...
June 18, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633326/the-association-between-subjective-memory-complaints-and-sleep-within-older-african-american-adults
#2
Alyssa A Gamaldo, Regina S Wright, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Jason C Allaire, Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
Objective: The purpose of the current study is to examine the association between subjective memory complaints and sleep (quantity and quality) in African American older adults. Method: Participants from the Baltimore Study of Black Aging (BSBA; n = 351; mean age = 71.99) completed a self-report sleep scale, subjective memory complaint scale, global cognitive status measure, and demographic questionnaire. Results: Worse overall sleep quality was significantly associated with subjective reports of difficulty recalling the placement of objects, recalling specific facts from reading materials, and worse memory currently compared to the past...
June 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627221/management-and-family-burdens-endorsed-by-parents-of-youth-7-years-old-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Kara Harrington, Claire T Boyle, Kellee M Miller, Marisa E Hilliard, Barbara J Anderson, Michelle Van Name, Linda A DiMeglio, Lori M Laffel
BACKGROUND: This study investigated unique burdens experienced by parents of young children with type 1 diabetes in the context of contemporary diabetes management. METHODS: Self-report surveys and medical record information from the T1D Exchange clinic registry were used. Parental burden and family impact scores were tabulated across demographic and clinical characteristics, overall and according to age group (<4, 4-<6, and 6-<7 years). RESULTS: The mean age of the 549 children was 5...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626976/prevalence-of-sleep-problems-in-japanese-preschoolers-in-a-medium-sized-city-community-based-survey-using-the-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire
#5
Michio Takahashi, Masaki Adachi, Sayura Yasuda, Ayako Osato-Kaneda, Manabu Saito, Michito Kuribayashi, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Although the mean score of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) differs between countries, there are no normative data for the CSHQ of Japanese preschoolers based on a community sample. The aims of this study were therefore to present normative data for the CSHQ and determine the prevalence and characteristics of sleep problems in Japanese preschoolers. Parents or the primary caregiver of 482 preschoolers aged 4-5 years completed the CSHQ and the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire. Approximately 80% of preschoolers scored above the cut-off for sleep disturbance on the CSHQ...
June 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626295/restoring-effective-sleep-tranquility-rest-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#6
Aaron M Eakman, Arlene A Schmid, Kimberly L Henry, Natalie R Rolle, Catherine Schelly, Christine E Pott, Joshua E Burns
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to establish the feasibility of completing a future controlled trial of a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia program for military veterans with sleep disturbance. METHOD: This was a single-arm feasibility and pilot study. Participants were United States post-9/11 veterans with service-connected injuries, university students, and had self-reported sleep disturbances. Restoring Effective Sleep Tranquility was a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia intervention consisting of seven sessions of group therapy and eight 1:1 sessions delivered by occupational therapists...
June 2017: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625940/prodromal-stage-of-disease-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-how-to-diagnose-in-practice
#7
Frédéric Blanc, Marc Verny
Disease with Lewy bodies or dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), particularly at the prodromal stage, is a complex disease to diagnose because of different clinical beginnings and variable paths in terms of clinical expression. Thus DLB can be entcountered in different input modes: mild cognitive impairment, depression, acute behavioral disorders, confusion and delirium, or sleep disorders. In the aim to better diagnose the disease, should be sought obviously to search for the key symptoms: fluctuations, hallucinations, extra-pyramidal syndrome, and REM sleep behavior disorder...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623890/survey-of-maternal-sleep-practices-in-late-pregnancy-in-a-multi-ethnic-sample-in-south-auckland-new-zealand
#8
Robin S Cronin, Carol Chelimo, Edwin A Mitchell, Kara Okesene-Gafa, John M D Thompson, Rennae S Taylor, B Lynne Hutchison, Lesley M E McCowan
BACKGROUND: The Auckland Stillbirth study demonstrated a two-fold increased risk of late stillbirth for women who did not go to sleep on their left side. Two further studies have confirmed an increased risk of late stillbirth with supine sleep position. As sleep position is modifiable, we surveyed self-reported late pregnancy sleep position, knowledge about sleep position, and views about changing going-to-sleep position. METHODS: Participants in this 2014 survey were pregnant women (n = 377) in their third trimester from South Auckland, New Zealand, a multi-ethnic and predominantly low socio-economic population...
June 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612424/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-cognitive-functioning-in-preschool-children-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#9
A Joyce, D Dimitriou
BACKGROUND: Sleep affects children's cognitive development, preparedness for school and future academic outcomes. People with Down syndrome (DS) are particularly at risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). To our knowledge, the association between SDB and cognition in preschoolers with DS is unknown. METHODS: We assessed sleep by using cardiorespiratory polygraphy in 22 typically developing (TD) preschoolers and 22 with DS. Cognition was assessed by using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning and behaviour by using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606658/various-combinations-of-velopharyngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-surgical-procedures-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-single-stage-multilevel-surgery
#10
Murat Binar, Omer Karakoc, Timur Akcam, Burak Asik, Mustafa Gerek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and outcomes of velopharyngeal surgeries combined with hypopharyngeal surgeries as single-stage interventions for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of operated patients. The velopharyngeal surgical interventions were uvulopalatal flap, anterior palatoplasty, expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty, transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty, Cahali lateral pharyngoplasty, Z-palatoplasty, and modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603433/evaluation-of-effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-herbal-compound-in-primary-insomnia-symptoms-and-sleep-disturbances-not-related-to-medical-or-psychiatric-causes
#11
Giancarlo Palmieri, Paola Contaldi, Giuseppe Fogliame
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances and related daytime activities impairment are common diseases nowadays. General practitioners are often the first health care professional asked to alleviate sleep disturbances and primary insomnia symptoms. Beyond a wide class of hypnotic drugs, botanicals can represent an alternative treatment for those kinds of symptoms. The scope of the present study is to evaluate safety and effectiveness of a herbal compound composed of valerian, hop, and jujube (Vagonotte(®)) on primary insomnia symptoms and sleep disturbances not related to medical or psychiatric causes...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602529/-the-use-of-social-media-modifies-teenagers-sleep-related-behavior
#12
S Royant-Parola, V Londe, S Tréhout, S Hartley
OBJECTIVE: Modification of sleep behaviors in teenagers has been observed over the past 30years with a reduction in overall sleep time and an increasing number of teenagers suffering from sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is linked to physical problems such as obesity but also to change in performance at school and mood disorders. Changes have been associated with the use of screens, cell phones, Internet and social media. Use of screens has been shown to delay sleep onset and melatonin secretion and stimulation of wake systems by interaction with social media may exacerbate these effects...
June 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589663/co-morbid-osa-and-insomnia-increases-depression-prevalence-and-severity-in-men
#13
Carol J Lang, Sarah L Appleton, Andrew Vakulin, R Doug McEvoy, Gary A Wittert, Sean A Martin, Peter G Catcheside, Nicholas A Antic, Leon Lack, Robert J Adams
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and insomnia coexist in clinical populations but prevalence in the community and risk factors remain largely unknown. We examined the prevalence and profile of previously undiagnosed co-morbid OSA and insomnia symptoms (COMISA) in community-dwelling men. METHODS: Men (n = 700, aged 58.5 ± 11.0 (mean ± SD) years) without a prior diagnosis of OSA completed full at-home unattended polysomnography, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and 36-item short form (SF-36) survey (2007-2012)...
June 7, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588890/cognitive-impairment-in-crohn-s-disease-is-associated-with-systemic-inflammation-symptom-burden-and-sleep-disturbance
#14
Daniel R van Langenberg, Greg W Yelland, Stephen R Robinson, Peter R Gibson
BACKGROUND: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) frequently complain of cognitive difficulties such as problems with concentration and clouding of thought, yet this has scarcely been objectively defined and underlying mechanisms remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to objectively measure cognitive impairments in patients with CD compared with healthy controls, and if present, to identify potentially modifiable, contributing factors associated with cognitive impairment...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586374/nocturnal-leg-cramps-prevalence-and-associations-with-demographics-sleep-disturbance-symptoms-medical-conditions-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors
#15
Michael A Grandner, John W Winkelman
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal leg cramps (NLC) are common and poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of NLC and associations with cardiometabolic, sleep, and behavioral risk factors in the US population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional epidemiology. PARTICIPANTS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 waves. MAIN OUTCOME(S) AND MEASURE(S): NLC were assessed with, "In the past month, how often did you have leg cramps while trying to sleep?" Responses were categorized as None, Mild, or Moderate-Severe...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585664/identification-and-treatment-of-adolescents-with-perinatal-anxiety-and-depression
#16
Linda Paine Hughes, Tammy Austin-Ketch, Ellen M Volpe, Nancy Campbell-Heider
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMAD) are the most common, yet under-diagnosed and undertreated complication of pregnancy, affecting up to 50% of pregnant and parenting teens. PMAD are a global health issue that can have devastating effects on the mental, physical, emotional, developmental health, and social life of the mother, infant, and family. Adolescents present with similar symptoms of PMAD as their adult counterparts, but also experience isolation from their peer group and lack of resources and coping strategies, as well as difficulty sleeping and lack of concentration and ability to focus...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584913/effects-of-different-doses-of-triazolam-in-the-middle-of-the-night-insomnia-a-double-blind-randomized-parallel-group-study
#17
Luigi Ferini Strambi, Sara Marelli, Marco Zucconi, Andrea Galbiati, Giovanni Biggio
It has been reported that insomnia characterized by difficulty returning to sleep following a nocturnal awakening, otherwise defined as the middle-of-the-night (MOTN) insomnia, is a common form of insomnia in adults with growing prevalence by increasing age. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different dosages of triazolam in insomnia patients when taken after a MOTN awakening with difficulty returning to sleep. In this double-blind, randomized, parallel group study, 24 patients (mean age 41...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583457/vertebrobasilar-insufficiency-due-to-distal-posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-compression-in-chiari-1-5
#18
M Burhan Janjua, Iryna Ivasyk, Jeffrey P Greenfield
Chiari malformation is characterized by radiographic evidence of herniation of cerebellar tonsils below the foramen magnum, and symptoms complex of headaches, breathing, swallowing or sleep difficulties, ataxia, restless, motor and/or sensory deficits. We report a case of a 34-year old female whose imaging indicated a Chiari 1.5 with brainstem (caudal medulla) herniation, and an expansive cervical syrinx. Her symptom complex showed signs both of cervical syringomyelia, as well as ones localizable to the medulla...
June 2, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583143/fatigue-mitigation-with-sleeptracktxt2-in-air-medical-emergency-care-systems-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
P Daniel Patterson, Charity G Moore, Frank X Guyette, Jack M Doman, Denisse Sequeira, Howard A Werman, Doug Swanson, David Hostler, Joshua Lynch, Lindsey Russo, Linda Hines, Karen Swecker, Michael S Runyon, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Most air medical Emergency Medical Services (EMS) clinicians work extended duration shifts, and more than 50% report inadequate sleep, poor sleep quality, and/or poor recovery between shifts. The SleepTrackTXT pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02063737) showed that use of mobile phone text messages could impact EMS clinician self-reported fatigue and sleepiness during long duration shifts. The purpose of the SleepTrackTXT2 trial is to leverage lessons learned from the first SleepTrackTXT study and test an enhanced intervention targeting air medical EMS clinicians...
June 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579782/effect-of-aripiprazole-on-non-24-hour-sleep-wake-rhythm-disorder-comorbid-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-case-report
#20
Kentaro Matsui, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Takeshi Inoue, Ken Inada, Katsuji Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Patients with non-24-hour sleep-wake rhythm disorder (N24SWD) exhibit a sleep pattern that is asynchronous with the external light-dark cycle, typically involving a cycling, relapsing-remitting pattern of sleep disturbances, including nighttime insomnia and daytime sleepiness. Here, we report the case of a patient with N24SWD comorbid with major depressive disorder, who was successfully treated with a low dose of aripiprazole. CASE PRESENTATION: A 47-year-old female presented with an 8-year complaint of difficulty falling asleep and waking up in the morning...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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