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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671824/convergence-in-sleep-time-accomplished-gender-gap-in-sleep-time-for-middle-aged-adults-in-korea
#1
Seung-Eun Cha, Ki-Soo Eun
Although the gender gap in sleep time has narrowed significantly in the last decade, middle-aged women between ages 35 and 60 still sleep less than their male counterparts in Korea. This study examines and provides evidence for factors contributing to the gender gap in this age group. Using Korean Time Use Survey (KTUS) data from 2004, 2009 and 2014, we find that middle-aged women’s difficulty in managing work-life balance and traditional role expectations placed upon women are the main causes of the gender gap in sleep time...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666130/does-dexmedetomidine-given-as-a-premedication-or-intraoperatively-reduce-post-hospitalisation-behaviour-change-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#2
Paul Lee-Archer, Craig McBride, Rebecca Paterson, Michael Reade, Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, Deborah Long
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that post-hospitalisation behaviour change (PHBC) occurs in over 50% of children undergoing a general anaesthetic and manifests as behaviours such as sleep and eating disorders, defiance of authority, nightmares, enuresis and temper tantrums. The effect is usually short-lived (2-4 weeks); however, in 5-10% of children, these behaviours can last up to 12 months. The risk factors for developing PHBC include underlying anxiety in the child or parent, a previous bad hospital experience, emergence delirium and preschool age...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665122/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-quality-of-life-of-brazilian-children-population-based-study
#3
Sâmara Luciana de Andrade Lima, Caroline Chavier Pereira Santana, Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal, Saul Martins Paiva, Meire Coelho Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The assessment of oral health should consider clinical and biopsychosocial aspects. AIM: To evaluate the impact of untreated dental caries on the quality of life of children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 647 Brazilian children. The Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10 ) and the 'oral health' global indicator were administered to the children and used as the outcomes. Parents answered a general questionnaire, and oral clinical examinations were performed...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662721/neural-mechanisms-of-qigong-sensory-training-massage-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#4
Kristin K Jerger, Laura Lundegard, Aaron Piepmeier, Keturah Faurot, Amanda Ruffino, Margaret A Jerger, Aysenil Belger
Objectives: Despite the enormous prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), its global impact has yet to be realized. Millions of families worldwide need effective treatments to help them get through everyday challenges like eating, sleeping, digestion, and social interaction. Qigong Sensory Training (QST) is a nonverbal, parent-delivered intervention recently shown to be effective at reducing these everyday challenges in children with ASD. This study tested the feasibility of a protocol for investigating QST's neural mechanism...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661500/severity-of-eczema-and-mental-health-problems-in-japanese-schoolchildren-the-tommo-child-health-study
#5
Yasutaka Kuniyoshi, Masahiro Kikuya, Masako Miyashita, Chizuru Yamanaka, Mami Ishikuro, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Naoki Nakaya, Fuji Nagami, Hiroaki Tomita, Atsushi Hozawa, Ichiro Tsuji, Shigeo Kure, Nobuo Yaegashi, Masayuki Yamamoto, Shinichi Kuriyama
BACKGROUND: The association between eczema and mental health problems in schoolchildren has been underexplored. We aimed to investigate this association with the validated questionnaires. METHODS: Of 46,648 invited children, we analyzed 9954 (21.3%) in the 2nd to the 8th grades from the ToMMo Child Health Study conducted in 2014 and 2015, a cross-sectional survey in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. We defined eczema status as "normal," "mild/moderate," or "severe," based on the presence of persistent flexural eczema and sleep disturbance, according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Eczema Symptom Questionnaire...
April 13, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656511/neuropathic-pain-a-patient-centred-approach-to-measuring-outcomes
#6
Steve Hwang, Floortje van Nooten, Ted Wells, Aisling Ryan, Bruce Crawford, Christopher Evans, Marci English
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain (NP) is a complex, chronic pain state initiated by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system and presents as a variety of symptoms across multiple disease states. OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient-centred conceptual model of symptoms and impacts in subjects with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) or post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) that can inform the measurement strategy in clinical trials. METHOD: Thirty subjects with DPN or PHN participated in in-person interviews which were performed until saturation was achieved...
April 15, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651650/evaluation-of-options-for-presenting-health-states-from-promis%C3%A2-item-banks-for-valuation-exercises
#7
Janel Hanmer, David Cella, David Feeny, Baruch Fischhoff, Ron D Hays, Rachel Hess, Paul A Pilkonis, Dennis Revicki, Mark Roberts, Joel Tsevat, Lan Yu
PURPOSE: Health status descriptive systems based on item response theory (IRT), such as the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®), have item banks to measure domains of health. We developed a method to present such banks for health-state valuation. METHODS: We evaluated four different presentation approaches: a single item (1S), 2 items presented separately (2S), 2 items presented together (2T), or 5 items presented together (5T). We evaluated these four approaches in three PROMIS item banks (depression, physical function, and sleep disturbance)...
April 12, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650018/health-conditions-and-lifestyle-risk-factors-of-adults-living-in-puerto-rico-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Josiemer Mattei, Martha Tamez, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Rui S Xiao, Katherine L Tucker, José F Rodríguez-Orengo
BACKGROUND: Puerto Rico is experiencing an economic and healthcare crisis, yet there are scarce recent and comprehensive reports on the population's health profile. We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. METHODS: Participants (n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643054/wearable-activity-tracker-use-among-australian-adolescents-usability-and-acceptability-study
#9
Nicola D Ridgers, Anna Timperio, Helen Brown, Kylie Ball, Susie Macfarlane, Samuel K Lai, Kara Richards, Kelly A Mackintosh, Melitta A McNarry, Megan Foster, Jo Salmon
BACKGROUND: Wearable activity trackers have the potential to be integrated into physical activity interventions, yet little is known about how adolescents use these devices or perceive their acceptability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the usability and acceptability of a wearable activity tracker among adolescents. A secondary aim was to determine adolescents' awareness and use of the different functions and features in the wearable activity tracker and accompanying app...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628432/cognitive-and-psychological-issues-in-postural-tachycardia-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Vidya Raj, Morwenna Opie, Amy C Arnold
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is one of the most common forms of chronic orthostatic intolerance. In addition to orthostatic symptoms, many POTS patients report incapacitating cognitive dysfunction or "brain fog" even while lying down or seated. Consistent with these subjective reports, there is accruing objective evidence of specific cognitive difficulties in POTS, with studies showing mild to moderate cognitive impairment using standardized neuropsychological assessment batteries. The precise profile of cognitive dysfunction in POTS patients has been shown to vary among these studies potentially due to the neuropsychological tests used, postural position, comorbidities and length of illness, inclusion of adolescent versus adult patients, and sites of recruitment...
March 27, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623059/cognitive-impairments-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-associations-with-positive-and-negative-affect-alexithymia-pain-catastrophizing-and-self-esteem
#11
Carmen M Galvez-Sánchez, Gustavo A Reyes Del Paso, Stefan Duschek
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic condition characterized by widespread pain accompanied by symptoms like depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance and fatigue. In addition, affected patients frequently report cognitive disruption such as forgetfulness, concentration difficulties or mental slowness. Though cognitive deficits in FMS have been confirmed in various studies, not much is known about the mechanisms involved in their origin. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of affect-related variables to cognitive impairments in FMS...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619109/polysomnography-applied-to-patients-with-tinnitus-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Liane Sousa Teixeira, Ronaldo Campos Granjeiro, Carlos Augusto Pires de Oliveira, Fayez Bahamad Júnior
Introduction  Tinnitus has been defined as an "auditory phantom perception," meaning that tinnitus results from an abnormal activity within the nervous system, in the absence of any internal or external acoustic stimulation. About 10 to 15% of the adult population is affected by tinnitus, and a relevant percentage of tinnitus sufferers experience symptoms severe enough to significantly affect quality of life, including sleep disturbances, work impairment, and, in some cases, psychiatric distress...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618235/integrative-review-of-the-relationship-between-sleep-disturbances-and-episodic-memory-in-older-adults
#13
An-Yun Yeh, Susan J Pressler, Bruno J Giordani, Bunny J Pozehl, Ann M Berger
Impaired episodic memory in older adults has been linked to many factors. One of these factors is sleep disturbances, which are reported by more than 50% of older adults. The relationship between episodic memory and sleep disturbances remains unclear, however, because of the multiple types of measures of sleep and episodic memory used in previous studies. The purpose of this integrative literature review was to integrate and compare findings on this relationship in adults aged 65 years. An electronic search was conducted in PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsychINFO, and Medline for material published from the inception of the databases to December 2016...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615884/central-disorders-of-hypersomnolence-restless-legs-syndrome-and-surgery-with-general-anesthesia-patient-perceptions
#14
Vincent LaBarbera, Paul S García, Donald L Bliwise, Lynn M Trotti
Introduction: The importance of obstructive sleep apnea in patients undergoing surgery with general anesthesia is well-defined, but the surgical and anesthetic implications of other sleep disorders are less clear. We sought to evaluate response to surgery with general anesthesia in patients with central disorders of hypersomnolence or restless legs syndrome. Methods: We surveyed patients on their most recent surgical procedure with general anesthesia, querying about procedure, recovery, and any changes in sleep disorder symptomatology following the procedure...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608582/asthma-and-copd-overlap-aco-is-related-to-a-high-burden-of-sleep-disturbance-and-respiratory-symptoms-results-from-the-rhine-and-swedish-ga2len-surveys
#15
Stephanie Mindus, Andrei Malinovschi, Linda Ekerljung, Bertil Forsberg, Thórarinn Gíslason, Rain Jõgi, Karl A Franklin, Mathias Holm, Ane Johannessen, Roelinde Middelveld, Vivi Schlünssen, Cecilie Svanes, Kjell Torén, Eva Lindberg, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: The term Asthma and COPD Overlap (ACO) describes a condition where asthma and COPD overlap. We aimed to investigate associations between ACO and insomnia and respiratory symptoms, and to investigate the prevalence of ACO and the characteristics of subjects with ACO in two Northern European population studies. METHODS: The study comprised 25 429 subjects aged ≥ 40 years who participated in one of two Northern European general population surveys. Both surveys included questions on asthma, COPD, respiratory and sleep-related symptoms, including difficulty initiating sleep, difficulty maintaining sleep, early-morning awakening, and excessive daytime sleepiness...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607378/symptoms-experienced-and-information-needs-of-women-receiving-chemotherapy
#16
Neşe Uysal, Filiz Ünal Toprak, Sevinç Kutlutsürkan, Ayten Şentürk Erenel
Objective: This study is carried out to determine the symptoms and information necessity on chemotherapy (CT) treatment of the women with breast cancer. Methods: A total of 170 women older than 18 years old, who receive CT with breast cancer diagnosis, are volunteered to participate in the study. Mixed method was used in the study. Data are collected using Descriptive Data Form, Interview Form and Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale. Results: As a result of the cluster analysis, four clusters and the symptoms within have been obtained...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607220/remember-the-drive-home-an-assessment-of-emergency-providers-sleep-deficit
#17
Brian A Ferguson, Hugh W Shoff, Jennifer E McGowan, Martin R Huecker
Objective: Sleep deprivation decreases work performance and predisposes workers to deleterious health outcomes. We sought to evaluate sleep hygiene and fatigue among emergency physicians. Methods: In March-June 2016, physicians and residents at an academic emergency medicine program were invited to complete a survey evaluating sleep and alertness. Results: Six attending physicians and 26 residents completed the survey. Among six personal priorities, sleep ranked fourth behind family, work, and leisure...
2018: Emergency Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603810/associations-between-patient-symptoms-and-falls-in-an-acute-care-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Anners Lerdal, Line Wangsvik Sigurdsen, Heidi Hammerstad, Tove Irene Granheim, Risk Study Research Group, Caryl L Gay
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe associations between patient fall risk and common symptoms among hospitalized inpatients. BACKGROUND: Predictors of falls have been identified in a variety of populations and settings, but the role of inpatients' symptom experience has not been adequately evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Participants included 614 medical and elective surgical patients in an acute hospital in Norway...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602778/clinical-imaging-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#19
REVIEW
Ajenthan Surendranathan, John Tiernan O'Brien
Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a common neurodegenerative dementia in older people; however, the clinical features, particularly cognitive fluctuations and rapid eye movement sleep disorder, are often hard to elicit, leading to difficulty in making the diagnosis clinically. Here we examine the literature for the evidence behind imaging modalities that could assist in making the diagnosis. Dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging remains the best modality for differentiation from dementia of Alzheimer's type with high sensitivity and specificity reported based on pathological diagnoses...
March 29, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601489/the-relationship-between-sleep-time-and-mental-health-problems-according-to-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-in-children-after-an-earthquake-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#20
Shuntaro Itagaki, Tetsuya Ohira, Masato Nagai, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Tetsuya Shiga, Itaru Miura, Hirooki Yabe
A cross-sectional study was performed on the adverse effects of sleep time on the mental health of children after the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent nuclear reactor accident in March 2011. The target participants were children aged 4-15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of 11 March 2011 ( n = 29,585). The participants' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and sleep time data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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