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Sleep Difficulties

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230295/associations-of-domain-specific-physical-activities-with-insomnia-symptoms-among-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#1
Bang Zheng, Canqing Yu, Liling Lin, Huaidong Du, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Min Yu, Jianguo Li, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Liming Li
Previous studies have demonstrated the association between physical activity and sleep quality. However, there is little evidence regarding different domains of physical activity. This study aimed to examine the associations between domain-specific physical activities and insomnia symptoms among Chinese men and women. Data of 452 024 Chinese adults aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank Study were analysed. Insomnia symptoms were assessed with self-reported difficulties in initiating or maintaining sleep, early morning awakening, daytime dysfunction and any insomnia symptoms...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227806/a-new-soft-material-based-in-the-ear-eeg-recording-technique
#2
Hao Dong, Paul M Matthews, Yike Guo, Hao Dong, Paul M Matthews, Yike Guo, Hao Dong, Paul M Matthews, Yike Guo
Long-term electroencephalogram (EEG) is important for seizure detection, sleep monitoring and etc. In-the- ear EEG device makes such recording robust to noise and privacy protected (invisible to other people). However, the state-of-art techniques suffer from various drawbacks such as customization for specific users, manufacturing difficulties and short life cycle. To address these issues, we proposed silvered glass silicone based in-the-ear electrode which can be manufactured using conventional compression moulding...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223464/reversal-of-pap-failure-with-the-repap-protocol
#3
Barry Krakow, Victor A Ulibarri, Natalia D McIver, Carli Yonemoto, Alyssa Tidler, Jessica Obando, Michelle R Foley-Shea, Jonathan Ornelas, Spencer Dawson
BACKGROUND: Re-titrations, an atypical approach to reverse PAP failure, was investigated retrospectively. METHODS: Application of our re-titration of PAP (REPAP) protocol in subjects with previous PAP failure assessed original technology (masks, modes, and pressures) in 273 subjects, of which 70% reported co-occurring psychiatric conditions. The REPAP protocol emphasized changes in pressure modes and settings to address expiratory pressure intolerance and residual breathing events; mask changes were facilitated...
February 21, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218802/non-invasive-ventilation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#4
REVIEW
Fidelma Moran, Judy M Bradley, Amanda J Piper
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation may be a means to temporarily reverse or slow the progression of respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis by providing ventilatory support and avoiding tracheal intubation. Using non-invasive ventilation, in the appropriate situation or individuals, can improve lung mechanics through increasing airflow and gas exchange and decreasing the work of breathing. Non-invasive ventilation thus acts as an external respiratory muscle. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215272/sleep-related-cognitive-processes-arousal-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-insomnia-disorder-the-role-of-insomnia-specific-rumination
#5
Laura Palagini, Umberto Moretto, Liliana Dell'Osso, Colleen Carney
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia-specific rumination has presented in subjects with insomnia. Research has identified hyperarousal as a key factor, with both trait and state components. It has been shown that emotion dysregulation also plays a role in insomnia. Hence, the aim was to investigate how insomnia rumination is associated with both trait- and state-dependent arousal and emotion dysregulation in insomnia. METHODS: Sixty-eight subjects with insomnia disorder (DSM-5) and 36 good sleepers were evaluated using: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Daytime Insomnia Symptom Response Scale (DISRS), Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS), Pre-sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS), and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215257/self-reported-sleep-pattern-quality-and-problems-among-schooling-adolescents-in-southwestern-nigeria
#6
Folusho M Balogun, Abieyuwa O Alohan, Adebola E Orimadegun
OBJECTIVE: Understanding sleep patterns and related factors is vital to development in adolescence, but there is a dearth of this information among adolescents in developing countries such as Nigeria. Therefore, this study describes the sleep patterns, problems, and predictors of poor sleep quality among schooling adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study design, 450 adolescents were selected and interviewed about their sleep experience and problems over the preceding one-month period using a validated form with components adapted from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215242/impact-of-a-modest-delay-in-school-start-time-in-hong-kong-school-adolescents
#7
Ngan Yin Chan, Jihui Zhang, Mandy Wai Man Yu, Siu Ping Lam, Shirley Xin Li, Alice Pik Shan Kong, Albert Martin Li, Yun Kwok Wing
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a modest delay (15 min) in school start time (SST) on adolescent sleep patterns, mood, and behaviors. METHODS: Two secondary schools in Hong Kong with a total of 1173 students (intervention: n = 617; comparison school n = 556) completed both baseline and follow-up questionnaires. School start time was delayed by 15 min, from 7:45 a.m. to 8:00 a.m., in the intervention school. The comparison school maintained their regular SST at 7:55 a...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215233/task-switching-in-older-adults-with-and-without-insomnia
#8
Kristine A Wilckens, Martica H Hall, Kirk I Erickson, Anne Germain, Vishwajit L Nimgaonkar, Timothy H Monk, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Task-switching deficits are common in older adults and in those with insomnia. Such deficits may be driven by difficulties with sleep continuity and dampened homeostatic sleep drive. OBJECTIVE: To identify the aspects of task switching affected by insomnia and its treatment, and to determine whether such effects are associated with sleep continuity and homeostatic sleep drive. METHODS: Polysomnographic sleep and task switching were tested in healthy older adults aged 60-93 years with insomnia (n = 48) and normal sleeping controls (n = 51)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211952/long-term-experience-with-first-generation-implantable-neurostimulation-device-in-central-sleep-apnea-treatment
#9
Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) are associated with shorter survival in patients with heart failure (HF). A novel treatment method for this patient group is unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation by the remedē® system, a transvenously implantable neurostimulation device, which has recently been studied in a large randomized, controlled trial. Previous literature has shown efficacy and safety of the treatment with this first-generation device, but hardly any data is available on long-term clinical parameters, the remedē® device's battery lifetime, device exchangeability, lead position stability, surgical accessibility and manageability...
February 17, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207892/triethylene-glycol-an-active-component-of-ashwagandha-withania-somnifera-leaves-is-responsible-for-sleep-induction
#10
Mahesh K Kaushik, Sunil C Kaul, Renu Wadhwa, Masashi Yanagisawa, Yoshihiro Urade
Insomnia is the most common sleep complaint which occurs due to difficulty in falling asleep or maintaining it. Most of currently available drugs for insomnia develop dependency and/or adverse effects. Hence natural therapies could be an alternative choice of treatment for insomnia. The root or whole plant extract of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) has been used to induce sleep in Indian system of traditional home medicine, Ayurveda. However, its active somnogenic components remain unidentified. We investigated the effect of various components of Ashwagandha leaf on sleep regulation by oral administration in mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195439/noninvasive-imaging-of-brain-oxygen-metabolism-in-children-with-primary-nocturnal-enuresis-during-natural-sleep
#11
Bing Yu, Mingzhu Huang, Xu Zhang, Hongwei Ma, Miao Peng, Qiyong Guo
A series of studies have revealed that nocturnal enuresis is closely related to hypoxia in children with primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE). However, brain oxygen metabolism of PNE children has not been investigated before. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in whole-brain cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2 ), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) in children suffering from PNE. We used the newly developed T2-relaxation-under-spin-tagging (TRUST) magnetic resonance imaging technique...
February 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194081/excessive-sleepiness-sleep-hygiene-and-coping-strategies-among-night-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Uma Maheswari Krishnaswamy, Mamta S Chhabria, Aditi Rao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disruption and excessive sleepiness are the known consequences of shift work. The recent spate of night-time road and air accidents, with some being directly attributed to driver sleepiness prompted us to undertake this study. AIMS: To screen for excessive sleepiness, coping practices, and post-shift sleep hygiene in night bus drivers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective study was carried out on night bus drivers of a public transport organization in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186930/protective-factors-for-child-development-at-age-2-in-the-presence-of-poor-maternal-mental-health-results-from-the-all-our-babies-aob-pregnancy-cohort
#13
Sheila W McDonald, Heather L Kehler, Suzanne C Tough
OBJECTIVE: To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 1596 mother-child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2 years old...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179647/narcolepsy
#14
REVIEW
Birgitte R Kornum, Stine Knudsen, Hanna M Ollila, Fabio Pizza, Poul J Jennum, Yves Dauvilliers, Sebastiaan Overeem
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that has a typical onset in adolescence and is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, which can have severe consequences for the patient. Problems faced by patients with narcolepsy include social stigma associated with this disease, difficulties in obtaining an education and keeping a job, a reduced quality of life and socioeconomic consequences. Two subtypes of narcolepsy have been described (narcolepsy type 1 and narcolepsy type 2), both of which have similar clinical profiles, except for the presence of cataplexy, which occurs only in patients with narcolepsy type 1...
February 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176775/investigating-the-relationship-between-sleep-and-macronutrient-intake-in-women-of-childbearing-age
#15
C J Bennett, H Truby, Z Zia, S W Cain, M L Blumfield
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Reduced sleep is a strong and independent risk factor for weight gain and obesity. Maternal obesity preconception and throughout gestation can increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and impact on offspring health in later life. This study investigated the relationship between sleeping behaviour and macronutrient intake in childbearing aged women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health 1973-78 cohort, aged 31-36 years in 2009 (n=8200)...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173767/musculoskeletal-pain-and-co-morbid-insomnia-in-adults-a-population-study-of-the-prevalence-and-impact-on-restricted-social-participation
#16
Shula Baker, John McBeth, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Ross Wilkie
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity is common in patients consulting in primary care. Musculoskeletal pain and insomnia each increase the risk of the other. Co-occurrence may pose an increased burden on well-being. However, the prevalence and impact of co-existing pain and insomnia in adults living in the community who may present to primary care is unclear. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of pain and insomnia in adults registered with primary care, and to examine the impact of co-occurrence on social activities...
February 7, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156435/sleep-quality-among-inpatients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#17
Kelli Aibel, Ryan Meyerhoff, David Harpole, Amy Pickar Abernethy, Chi-Fu Jeffrey Yang
: 82 Background: Anecdotally, sleep is thought to be a significant problem for inpatients receiving treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), butsleep disturbances in this setting are not well-characterized. We aimed to assess the feasibility of measuring sleep in AML patients using a wearable actigraphy device. METHODS: Using the Actigraph GT3X "watch,"we assessed the total sleep time, sleep onset latency, wake after sleep onset, number of awakenings after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency for inpatients with AML receiving induction chemotherapy during their hospitalization...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155205/a-pilot-study-to-determine-whether-combinations-of-objectively-measured-activity-parameters-can-be-used-to-differentiate-between-mixed-states-mania-and-bipolar-depression
#18
Jan Scott, Arne E Vaaler, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Gunnar Morken, Karoline Krane-Gartiser
BACKGROUND: Until recently, actigraphy studies in bipolar disorders focused on sleep rather than daytime activity in mania or depression, and have failed to analyse mixed episodes separately. Furthermore, even those studies that assessed activity parameters reported only mean levels rather than complexity or predictability of activity. We identified cases presenting in one of three acute phases of bipolar disorder and examined whether the application of non-linear dynamic models to the description of objectively measured activity can be used to predict case classification...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154739/excess-weight-in-regular-aviation-pilots-associated-with-work-and-sleep-characteristics
#19
Magna Lúcia de Souza Palmeira, Elaine Cristina Marqueze
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and associated factors of overweight and obesity in Brazilian commercial airline pilots. Methods An observational, cross-sectional study involving 1198 Brazilian commercial airline pilots with a sampling power >80% (ß=20%) and confidence level of 95% (α=5%) was carried out. The pilots completed an on-line questionnaire collecting data on sociodemographics, work, health, lifestyle and sleep. Poisson regression, with robust variance (stepwise forward technique), was employed to analyze the factors associated with excess weight (overweight and obesity)...
October 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152471/subtle-persistent-working-memory-and-selective-attention-deficits-in-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome
#20
Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Sonali Lokuge, Brianne Nicholls, Meir Steiner, Geoffrey B C Hall, Claudio N Soares, Benicio N Frey
As a recurrent, cyclical phenomenon, premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects a significant proportion of women of the reproductive age, and leads to regular monthly days of functional impairment. Symptoms of PMS include somatic and psychological symptoms, such as headaches, sleep disturbances, social withdrawal and mood changes, during the late luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, which alleviate during the follicular phase. This study investigated neurocognitive functioning in women with moderate to severe PMS symptoms (n=13) compared to women with mild/no PMS (n=27) through administration of a battery of neuropsychological tests during the asymptomatic follicular phase of the menstrual cycle...
January 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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