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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447782/does-waterborne-exposure-explain-effects-caused-by-neonicotinoid-contaminated-plant-material-in-aquatic-systems
#1
Dominic Englert, Jochen Peter Zubrod, Moritz Link, Saskia Mertins, Ralf Schulz, Mirco Bundschuh
Neonicotinoids are increasingly applied on trees as protection measure against insect pests. Consequently, neonicotinoids are inevitably transferred into aquatic environments either via spray drift, surface runoff or - due to neonicotinoids' systemic nature - via senescent leaves. There particularly leaf-shredding invertebrates may be exposed to neonicotinoids through both the water phase and the consumption of contaminated leaves. In 7-d-bioassays (n=30) we examined ecotoxicological differences between these two exposure scenarios for an amphipod and an insect nymph with their feeding rate as the response variable...
April 27, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439718/the-new-eu-general-data-protection-regulation-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#2
(no author information available yet)
The European Society of Radiology (ESR) informs its membership and its associated Institutional Members about the new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) of the European Union (EU,) which will apply from 25 May 2018. Radiologists and radiology departments should be prepared to comply with several new rules for the protection of imaging data. Although the new GDPR applies to all domains of the public and private sectors, some specific derogations are defined for data concerning health, aiming at protecting the rights of data subjects and confidentiality of their personal health data, whilst preserving the benefits of processing data, including digital images for research and public health purposes...
April 24, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439687/colloid-characterization-and-in-situ-release-in-shallow-groundwater-under-different-hydrogeology-conditions
#3
Jingjing Zhou, Dan Liu, Wenjing Zhang, Xuequn Chen, Ying Huan, Xipeng Yu
Changes to groundwater hydrodynamics and chemistry can lead to colloid release that can have a major impact on the groundwater environment. To analyze the effects of colloid release caused by artificial groundwater recharge, field and laboratory tests on colloid characterization and colloid release were conducted. The field tests were carried out at an artificial recharge test site in Shandong Province. In the field investigation, one recharge water sample and five groundwater samples were collected and filtered through three levels of ultrafiltration membranes, with pore sizes of 0...
April 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439129/ismp-medication-error-report-analysis-betaine-anhydrous-versus-betaine-hydrochloride-look-alike-generic-names-don-t-give-zurampic-without-allopurinol-lantus-overdose-tied-to-confusing-vial-label-more-on-lipid-rescue
#4
Michael R Cohen, Judy L Smetzer
These medication errors have occurred in health care facilities at least once. They will happen again-perhaps where you work. Through education and alertness of personnel and procedural safeguards, they can be avoided. You should consider publishing accounts of errors in your newsletters and/or presenting them at your inservice training programs. Your assistance is required to continue this feature. The reports described here were received through the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) Medication Errors Reporting Program...
March 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438919/ecosystem-change-and-human-health-implementation-economics-and-policy
#5
REVIEW
S K Pattanayak, R A Kramer, J R Vincent
Several recent initiatives such as Planetary Health, EcoHealth and One Health claim that human health depends on flourishing natural ecosystems. However, little has been said about the operational and implementation challenges of health-oriented conservation actions on the ground. We contend that ecological-epidemiological research must be complemented by a form of implementation science that examines: (i) the links between specific conservation actions and the resulting ecological changes, and (ii) how this ecological change impacts human health and well-being, when human behaviours are considered...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438759/palliative-care-clinicians-knowledge-of-the-law-regarding-the-use-of-the-deprivation-of-liberty-safeguards-dols
#6
Caroline Barry, Anna Spathis, Sarah Treaddell, Sally Carding, Stephen Barclay
OBJECTIVES: To examine palliative care clinicians' level of knowledge of the law regarding the use of the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DoLS). METHODS: Regional postal survey of palliative care clinicians working in hospices in the East of England, undertaken in April 2015. Clinicians' level of knowledge was assessed by their response to 7 factual questions. Data regarding self-reported levels of confidence in applying the Safeguards was collected, alongside information regarding the number of times they had used DoLS in practice...
April 24, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435099/a-meta-analysis-but-not-a-systematic-review-an-evaluation-of-the-global-bmi-mortality-collaboration
#7
Katherine M Flegal, John P A Ioannidis
Meta-analyses of individual participant data (MIPDs) offer many advantages and are considered the highest level of evidence. However, MIPDs can be seriously compromised when they are not solidly founded upon a systematic review. These data-intensive collaborative projects may be led by experts who already have deep knowledge of the literature in the field and of the results of published studies and how these results vary based on different analytical approaches. If investigators tailor the searches, eligibility criteria and analysis plan of the MIPD, they run the risk of reaching foregone conclusions...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433595/effects-of-chlorpyrifos-on-soil-carboxylesterase-activity-at-an-aggregate-size-scale
#8
Juan C Sanchez-Hernandez, Marco Sandoval
The impact of pesticides on extracellular enzyme activity has been mostly studied on the bulk soil scale, and our understanding of the impact on an aggregate-size scale remains limited. Because microbial processes, and their extracellular enzyme production, are dependent on the size of soil aggregates, we hypothesized that the effect of pesticides on enzyme activities is aggregate-size specific. We performed three experiments using an Andisol to test the interaction between carboxylesterase (CbE) activity and the organophosphorus (OP) chlorpyrifos...
April 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430065/ethical-issues-in-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-practice
#9
Yonghui Ma, Jiayu Liu, Catherine Rhodes, Yongzhan Nie, Faming Zhang
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has demonstrated efficacy and is increasingly being used in the treatment of patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. Despite a lack of high-quality trials to provide more information on the long-term effects of FMT, there has been great enthusiasm about the potential for expanding its applications. However, FMT presents many serious ethical and social challenges that must be addressed as part of a successful regulatory policy response. In this article, we draw on a sample of the scientific and bioethics literatures to examine clusters of ethical and social issues arising in five main areas: (1) informed consent and the vulnerability of patients; (2) determining what a "suitable healthy donor" is; (3) safety and risk; (4) commercialization and potential exploitation of vulnerable patients; and (5) public health implications...
May 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429062/detection-of-freshwater-cyanotoxins-and-measurement-of-masked-microcystins-in-tilapia-from-southeast-asian-aquaculture-farms
#10
Brett Greer, Ronald Maul, Katrina Campbell, Christopher T Elliott
Recently, there has been a rise in freshwater harmful algal blooms (HABs) globally, as well as increasing aquaculture practices. HABs can produce cyanotoxins, many of which are hepatotoxins. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for nine cyanotoxins across three classes including six microcystins, nodularin, cylindrospermopsin and anatoxin-a. The method was used to analyse free cyanotoxin(s) in muscle (n = 34), liver (n = 17) and egg (n = 9) tissue samples of 34 fish sourced from aquaculture farms in Southeast Asia...
April 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428864/integrating-biogeography-threat-and-evolutionary-data-to-explore-extinction-crisis-in-the-taxonomic-group-of-cycads
#11
Kowiyou Yessoufou, Barnabas H Daru, Respinah Tafirei, Hosam O Elansary, Isaac Rampedi
Will the ongoing extinction crisis cause a severe loss of evolutionary information accumulated over millions of years on the tree of life? This question has been largely explored, particularly for vertebrates and angiosperms. However, no equivalent effort has been devoted to gymnosperms. Here, we address this question focusing on cycads, the gymnosperm group exhibiting the highest proportion of threatened species in the plant kingdom. We assembled the first complete phylogeny of cycads and assessed how species loss under three scenarios would impact the cycad tree of life...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426536/exploring-the-interaction-between-nursing-decision-making-and-patient-outcomes-in-2-european-cancer-centers-a-qualitative-study
#12
Dario Valcarenghi, Annamaria Bagnasco, Giuseppe Aleo, Gianluca Catania, Milko Zanini, Bruno Cavaliere, Franco Carnevale, Loredana Sasso
BACKGROUND: In some clinical settings, nurses have difficulty describing the outcomes of their caring activities. Understanding the reasons for this could help nurse leaders to improve the effectiveness and visibility of nursing practice and safeguard nurses' working conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to understand how nurses working in 2 different adult cancer centers make healthcare decisions and assess the respective outcomes on their patients...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426307/how-california-prepared-for-implementation-of-physician-assisted-death-a-primer
#13
Laura A Petrillo, Elizabeth Dzeng, Krista L Harrison, Lindsay Forbes, Benjamin Scribner, Barbara A Koenig
Physician-assisted death is now legal in California, and similar laws are being considered in many other states. The California law includes safeguards, yet health care providers will face practical and ethical issues while implementing physician-assisted death that are not addressed by the law. To help providers and health care facilities in California prepare to provide optimal care to patients who inquire about physician-assisted death, we brought together experts from California, Oregon, and Washington...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425465/chytrid-fungus-infection-in-zebrafish-demonstrates-that-the-pathogen-can-parasitize-non-amphibian-vertebrate-hosts
#14
Nicole Liew, Maria J Mazon Moya, Claudia J Wierzbicki, Michael Hollinshead, Michael J Dillon, Christopher R Thornton, Amy Ellison, Jo Cable, Matthew C Fisher, Serge Mostowy
Aquatic chytrid fungi threaten amphibian biodiversity worldwide owing to their ability to rapidly expand their geographical distributions and to infect a wide range of hosts. Combating this risk requires an understanding of chytrid host range to identify potential reservoirs of infection and to safeguard uninfected regions through enhanced biosecurity. Here we extend our knowledge on the host range of the chytrid Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis by demonstrating infection of a non-amphibian vertebrate host, the zebrafish...
April 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424727/host-induced-silencing-of-two-pharyngeal-gland-genes-conferred-transcriptional-alteration-of-cell-wall-modifying-enzymes-of-meloidogyne-incognita-vis-%C3%A3-vis-perturbed-nematode-infectivity-in-eggplant
#15
Tagginahalli N Shivakumara, Sonam Chaudhary, Divya Kamaraju, Tushar K Dutta, Pradeep K Papolu, Prakash Banakar, Rohini Sreevathsa, Bhupinder Singh, K M Manjaiah, Uma Rao
The complex parasitic strategy of Meloidogyne incognita appears to involve simultaneous expression of its pharyngeal gland-specific effector genes in order to colonize the host plants. Research reports related to effector crosstalk in phytonematodes for successful parasitism of the host tissue is yet underexplored. In view of this, we have used in planta effector screening approach to understand the possible interaction of pioneer genes (msp-18 and msp-20, putatively involved in late and early stage of M. incognita parasitism, respectively) with other unrelated effectors such as cell-wall modifying enzymes (CWMEs) in M...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423787/it-infrastructure-of-an-oncological-trial-where-xenografts-inform-individual-second-line-treatment-decision
#16
Doris Lindoerfer, Ulrich Mansmann
Translational clinical research is often characterized by a unidirectional information flow from clinical to molecular data by using phenotypes to elucidate molecular disease processes. Here we present the RESIST study which uses xenograft information for individual treatment decisions after resistance to a specific anticancer treatment establishing a bidirectional information flow between patient and molecular biology. The paper discusses the specific challenges related to the IT infrastructure for such bidirectional translational projects and proposes solutions...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419009/working-together-to-educate-and-safeguard-you
#17
David Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Infusion Nursing: the Official Publication of the Infusion Nurses Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415192/multiple-node-basin-stability-in-complex-dynamical-networks
#18
Chiranjit Mitra, Anshul Choudhary, Sudeshna Sinha, Jürgen Kurths, Reik V Donner
Dynamical entities interacting with each other on complex networks often exhibit multistability. The stability of a desired steady regime (e.g., a synchronized state) to large perturbations is critical in the operation of many real-world networked dynamical systems such as ecosystems, power grids, the human brain, etc. This necessitates the development of appropriate quantifiers of stability of multiple stable states of such systems. Motivated by the concept of basin stability (BS) [P. J. Menck et al., Nat...
March 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411671/evidence-to-support-screening-women-in-their-40s
#19
REVIEW
Kimberly M Ray, Elissa R Price, Bonnie N Joe
A large body of evidence demonstrates a 30% to 50% mortality benefit of screening mammography for women aged 40 to 49. Because of more rapid cancer growth rates in younger women, annual screening is more effective than biennial. Studies indicate that selective screening of women aged 40 to 49 would miss the majority of breast cancers. If implemented, recent US Preventive Services Task Force breast cancer screening guidelines, which recommend against routine screening of women in their 40s, could result in thousands of preventable breast cancer deaths per year...
May 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410653/ensuring-patient-safety-during-the-transition-to-esrd
#20
REVIEW
Lee-Ann Wagner, Jeffrey C Fink
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at risk for complications both inherent to the disease and as a consequence of its treatment. The dangers that CKD patients face change across the spectrum of the disease. Providers who are well-versed in these safety threats are best poised to safeguard patients as their CKD progresses.
March 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
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