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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910417/new-numerical-simulation-method-to-calibrate-the-regular-hexagonal-nai-tl-detector-with-radioactive-point-sources-situated-non-axial
#1
Ayman Hamzawy, Dimitar N Grozdanov, Mohamed S Badawi, Fuad A Aliyev, Abouzeid A Thabet, Mahmoud I Abbas, Ivan N Ruskov, Ahmed M El-Khatib, Yuri N Kopatch, Mona M Gouda
Scintillation crystals are usually used for detection of energetic photons at room temperature in high energy and nuclear physics research, non-destructive analysis of materials testing, safeguards, nuclear treaty verification, geological exploration, and medical imaging. Therefore, new designs and construction of radioactive beam facilities are coming on-line with these science brunches. A good number of researchers are investigating the efficiency of the γ-ray detectors to improve the models and techniques used in order to deal with the most pressing problems in physics research today...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909073/accuracy-of-outpatient-service-data-for-activity-based-funding-in-new-south-wales-australia
#2
Esther N Munyisia, David Reid, Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing research on activity-based funding (ABF), there is no empirical evidence on the accuracy of outpatient service data for payment. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify data entry errors affecting ABF in two drug and alcohol outpatient clinic services in Australia. METHODS: An audit was carried out on healthcare workers' (doctors, nurses, psychologists, social workers, counsellors, and aboriginal health education officers) data entry errors in an outpatient electronic documentation system...
December 1, 2016: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906198/population-screening-for-brca1-brca2-mutations-lessons-from-qualitative-analysis-of-the-screening-experience
#3
Sari Lieberman, Amnon Lahad, Ariela Tomer, Carmit Cohen, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Aviad Raz
PURPOSE: Population screening for BRCA1/BRCA2. mutations is being considered for Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) because 2.5% carry recurrent deleterious mutations and effective cancer prevention exists. This study aimed to provide a qualitative focus on perspectives of individuals, particularly carriers, who were tested through a screening trial. In this trial, the pretest process included only written information. METHODS: Interviews were performed with 26 carriers and 10 noncarriers who participated in a BRCA population screening trial for AJ...
December 1, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902455/inaccurate-official-assessment-of-radiofrequency-safety-by-the-advisory-group-on-non-ionising-radiation
#4
Sarah J Starkey
The Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation (AGNIR) 2012 report forms the basis of official advice on the safety of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields in the United Kingdom and has been relied upon by health protection agencies around the world. This review describes incorrect and misleading statements from within the report, omissions and conflict of interest, which make it unsuitable for health risk assessment. The executive summary and overall conclusions did not accurately reflect the scientific evidence available...
December 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900934/gender-relations-and-women-s-reproductive-health-in-south-sudan
#5
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Maryse Kok
BACKGROUND: In South Sudan, women disproportionately bear the burden of morbidity and mortality related to sexual and reproductive health, with a maternal mortality ratio of 789 deaths per 100,000 live births. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to analyze how gendered social relations among the Fertit people affect women's ability to exercise control over their reproductive lives and thereby their sexual and reproductive health. Transcripts of 5 focus group discussions and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted with purposefully selected community members and health personnel were analyzed using Connell's relational theory of gender...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899446/-if-you-are-empathetic-you-care-about-both-animals-and-people-i-am-a-nurse-and-i-don-t-like-to-see-suffering-anywhere-findings-from-103-healthcare-professionals-on-attitudes-to-animal-experimentation
#6
Andrée Dignon
This report presents qualitative and quantitative data from 103 UK healthcare professionals describing attitudes to the current system of animal testing (to produce medicines and health interventions). To gather qualitative testimony, these healthcare professionals were organised into six separate focus groups (of 18, 17, 17, 15, 17 and 19 participants) where they were asked 'what is your opinion about the current system of animal testing?' The study focussed on attitudes to the current system rather than attitudes to animal testing in general...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894931/the-unique-status-of-first-in-human-studies-strengthening-the-social-value-requirement
#7
Michelle G J L Habets, Johannes J M van Delden, Annelien L Bredenoord
For clinical research to be ethical, risks need to be balanced by anticipated benefits. This is challenging for first-in-human (FIH) studies as participants are not expected to benefit directly, and risks are potentially high. We argue that this differentiates FIH studies from other clinical trials to the extent that they should be given unique status in international research ethics guidelines. As there is a general positive attitude regarding the benefits of science, it is important to establish a more systematic method to assess anticipated social value to safeguard participants not only from enrolling in risky, but also in futile trials...
November 25, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894123/safeguarding-pollinators-and-their-values-to-human-well-being
#8
Simon G Potts, Vera Imperatriz-Fonseca, Hien T Ngo, Marcelo A Aizen, Jacobus C Biesmeijer, Thomas D Breeze, Lynn V Dicks, Lucas A Garibaldi, Rosemary Hill, Josef Settele, Adam J Vanbergen
Wild and managed pollinators provide a wide range of benefits to society in terms of contributions to food security, farmer and beekeeper livelihoods, social and cultural values, as well as the maintenance of wider biodiversity and ecosystem stability. Pollinators face numerous threats, including changes in land-use and management intensity, climate change, pesticides and genetically modified crops, pollinator management and pathogens, and invasive alien species. There are well-documented declines in some wild and managed pollinators in several regions of the world...
November 28, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891020/preventing-medico-legal-issues-in-clinical-practice
#9
REVIEW
Bevinahalli N Raveesh, Ragavendra B Nayak, Shivakumar F Kumbar
The medical profession is considered to be one of the noblest professions in the world. The practice of medicine is capable of rendering noble service to humanity provided due care, sincerity, efficiency, and professional skill is observed by the doctors. However, today, the patient-doctor relationship has almost diminished its fiduciary character and has become more formal and structured. Doctors are no longer regarded as infallible and beyond questioning. Corporatization of health care has made it like any other business, and the medical profession is increasingly being guided by the profit motive rather than that of service...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890296/analytic-solutions-for-colloid-transport-with-time-and-depth-dependent-retention-in-porous-media
#10
Feike J Leij, Scott A Bradford, Antonella Sciortino
Elucidating and quantifying the transport of industrial nanoparticles (e.g. silver, carbon nanotubes, and graphene oxide) and other colloid-size particles such as viruses and bacteria is important to safeguard and manage the quality of the subsurface environment. Analytic solutions were derived for aqueous and solid phase colloid concentrations in a porous medium where colloids were subject to advective transport and reversible time and/or depth-dependent retention. Time-dependent blocking and ripening retention were described using a Langmuir-type equation with a rate coefficient that respectively decreased and increased linearly with the retained concentration...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890063/guideline-implementation-patient-information-management
#11
Jennifer L Fencl
Clinical documentation captured in a patient's record provides health care personnel with information that can be used to guide patient care. Data collected in electronic health records can be accessed and aggregated across the health care delivery system to enhance the safety, quality, and efficacy of care. The updated AORN "Guideline for patient information management" provides guidance to perioperative personnel on documenting and managing patient information. This article focuses on key points of the guideline, which address data capture that supports the clinical workflow, incorporation of professional guidelines and standards as well as regulatory and mandatory reporting elements, use of standardized clinical terminologies, data aggregation for use in research and analytics, considerations for patient care orders, and safeguards for the patient's security and confidentiality...
December 2016: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888472/the-quality-of-romanian-breast-cancer-websites-a-five-year-longitudinal-assessment
#12
Valentin Nădăşan, Anca Noela Roşca, Monica Tarcea, Zoltán Ábrám, Marius Măruşteri
The Internet has become an important source of overall health information and seems to be the second common source of information used by patients in the process of decision-making before breast surgery. The goal of this study was to monitor Romanian breast cancer websites and their quality over a period of 5 years. We evaluated a sample of 20 websites selected from Google's first search results pages using specific rating scores for e-health quality, completeness, accuracy, and potential risk, in 2011 and 2016, respectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883056/authenticity-screening-of-stained-glass-windows-using-optical-spectroscopy
#13
Wendy Meulebroeck, Hilde Wouters, Karin Nys, Hugo Thienpont
Civilized societies should safeguard their heritage as it plays an important role in community building. Moreover, past technologies often inspire new technology. Authenticity is besides conservation and restoration a key aspect in preserving our past, for example in museums when exposing showpieces. The classification of being authentic relies on an interdisciplinary approach integrating art historical and archaeological research complemented with applied research. In recent decades analytical dating tools are based on determining the raw materials used...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882785/ineligibility-criteria-and-the-authorisation-of-deprivations-of-liberty-in-hospitals
#14
Richard Griffith
Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, highlights the problem of confusion over the circumstances in which a person can be subject to a deprivation of liberty safeguards authorisation.
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881620/catching-fakes-new-markers-of-urine-sample-validity-and-invalidity
#15
Melissa M Goggin, Cheng-Min Tann, Anna Miller, An Nguyen, Gregory C Janis
Urine drug testing is common for workplace drug testing, prescription management, emergency medicine and the criminal justice system. Unsurprisingly, with the significant consequences based upon the results of urine drug testing, a donor in need of concealing the contents of their sample is highly motivated to cheat the process. Procedures and safeguards ensuring sample validity are well known, and include measuring sample temperature at the time of collection, and laboratory measurements of creatinine, specific gravity and pH...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881280/global-budget-for-cyprus-national-health-system-the-promised-land-or-a-no-man-s-land
#16
Panagiotis Petrou
BACKGROUND: Soaring health expenditures worldwide call for potent cost-containment approaches. Global budgets have been used by several countries to harness their health expenditures by constraining the total payable amount to a predefined budget threshold. OBJECTIVES: Cyprus is vacillating on the use of a global budget for its National Health System; nevertheless, its attributes must be scrutinized to rule out potential adverse effects on quality of care and access of patients...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871132/aspergillus-penicillioides-differentiation-and-cell-division-at-0-585-water-activity
#17
Andrew Stevenson, Philip G Hamill, Callum J O'Kane, Gerhard Kminek, John D Rummel, Mary A Voytek, Jan Dijksterhuis, John E Hallsworth
Water availability acts as the most-stringent constraint for life on Earth. Thus, understanding the water relations of microbial extremophiles is imperative to our ability to increase agricultural productivity (e.g., by enhancing the processing and turnover of dead organic matter in soils of arid regions); reduce human exposure to mycotoxins in buildings and our food-supply chain; prevent the spoilage of foods/animal feeds, books, museum specimens and artworks; and better control microbiology of industrial fermentations...
November 21, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866478/evaluating-drug-resistance-in-visceral-leishmaniasis-the-challenges
#18
S Hendrickx, P J Guerin, G Caljon, S L Croft, L Maes
For decades antimonials were the drugs of choice for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), but the recent emergence of resistance has made them redundant as first-line therapy in the endemic VL region in the Indian subcontinent. The application of other drugs has been limited due to adverse effects, perceived high cost, need for parenteral administration and increasing rate of treatment failures. Liposomal amphotericin B (AmB) and miltefosine (MIL) have been positioned as the effective first-line treatments; however, the number of monotherapy MIL-failures has increased after a decade of use...
November 21, 2016: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866176/hypoglycemia-alert-dogs-a-novel-cost-effective-approach-for-diabetes-monitoring
#19
Giuseppe Lippi, Gianfranco Cervellin, Maurizio Dondi, Giovanni Targher
The recent publication of the results of 3 small trials, and as many as 5 case reports on dogs producing clear and intelligible alerts in the presence of their owners' hypoglycemia, opens an intriguing clinical scenario for management of diabetes. The skill seems attributable to the ability of dogs to identify patterns in skin and breath odors as well as to understand and interpret visual cues from humans during hypoglycemia. Provided that further trials can confirm the findings, the use of diabetes alert dogs that are trained to detect the onset of hypoglycemia can be regarded as a fast, versatile, reliable, and cost-effective approach for safeguarding the health of individuals with diabetes...
November 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865461/molecular-and-cellular-changes-during-cancer-progression-resulting-from-genetic-and-epigenetic-alterations
#20
K Pruitt
Tumorigenesis is a complex process that involves a persistent dismantling of cellular safeguards and checkpoints. These molecular and cellular changes that accumulate over months or decades lead to a change in the fundamental identity of a cell as it transitions from normal to malignant. In this chapter, we will examine some of the molecular changes in the evolving relationship between the genome and epigenome and highlight some of the key changes that occur as normal cells progress to tumor cells. For many years tumorigenesis was almost exclusively attributed to mutations in protein-coding genes...
2016: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
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