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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227761/safeguarding-the-health-of-future-generations
#1
Elizabeth O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227360/the-importance-of-specific-workplace-environment-characteristics-for-maximum-health-and-performance-healthcare-workers-perspective
#2
Rana Sagha Zadeh, Mardelle M Shepley, Arthur Hamie Owora, Martha C Dannenbaum, Laurie T Waggener, Susan Sung Eun Chung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of specific workplace environment characteristics for maximum health and performance, assigned by healthcare employees, and how they relate to the nature of their work. METHODS: A cross-sectional mixed-method study was conducted with content analysis and robust regression models to examine the relationship between workplace environment characteristics and perceived importance in promoting health and performance. RESULTS: Our findings suggest that perceptions of key environment characteristics that safeguard health and performance in healthcare workplaces may vary by employee sex, setting, and nature of healthcare work involved...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225935/gendered-negotiations-for-research-participation-in-community-based-studies-implications-for-health-research-policy-and-practice
#3
Dorcas M Kamuya, Catherine S Molyneux, Sally Theobald
There is a growing literature documenting the complex realities of consent processes in the field, and the negotiations and ethical dilemmas involved. Much has also been written about how gender and power shape household decision-making processes. However, these bodies of literature have rarely been brought together to inform research theory and practice in low-income settings. In this paper, qualitative research (observation, focus group discussions and interviews) were used alongside large clinical community-based studies conducted on the Kenyan Coast to explore how gender and power relations within households and communities and between fieldworkers and communities shape consent processes and interactions...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225776/the-sedentary-r-evolution-have-we-lost-our-metabolic-flexibility
#4
Jens Freese, Rainer Johannes Klement, Begoña Ruiz-Núñez, Sebastian Schwarz, Helmut Lötzerich
During the course of evolution, up until the agricultural revolution, environmental fluctuations forced the human species to develop a flexible metabolism in order to adapt its energy needs to various climate, seasonal and vegetation conditions. Metabolic flexibility safeguarded human survival independent of food availability. In modern times, humans switched their primal lifestyle towards a constant availability of energy-dense, yet often nutrient-deficient, foods, persistent psycho-emotional stressors and a lack of exercise...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225736/randomized-study-comparing-incidence-of-radial-artery-occlusion-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-between-two-conventional-compression-devices-using-a-novel-air-inflation-technique
#5
Victor Voon, Muhammad AyyazUlHaq, Ciara Cahill, Kirsten Mannix, Catriona Ahern, Terence Hennessy, SamerArnous, Thomas Kiernan
AIM: To compare post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) radial artery occlusion (RAO) incidence between two conventional radial artery compression devices using a novel air-inflation technique. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients post-PCI were randomized 1:1 to Safeguard or TR band compression devices. Post-radial sheath removal, each compression device was inflated with additional 2 mL of air above index bleeding point during air-filled device application and gradually down-titrated accordingly...
November 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224178/evaluation-of-the-anti-inflammatory-and-urotoxicity-ameliorative-effects-of-%C3%AE-humulene-containing-active-fraction-of-emilia-sonchifolia-l-dc
#6
Gilcy George Kallivalappil, Girija Kuttan
In folklore medicine, the plant Emilia sonchifolia, belonging to the family Asteraceae, is used for treating tumour and inflammation. In our previous studies, we have done a thorough phytochemical investigation of E. sonchifolia with a report on its potent antimetastatic activity. Further, we isolated and characterised its active fraction (AFES) containing the major compound γ-humulene with an evaluation of the antiangiogenic effect of AFES (5 mg/kg b.wt.). In the first part of the present study, AFES in different concentrations was used for the assessment of its possible anti-inflammatory effect employing three in vivo inflammatory models...
December 9, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222362/randomized-controlled-evaluation-of-an-insulin-pen-storage-policy
#7
Haley G Gibbs, Tara McLernon, Rosemary Call, Katie Outten, Leigh Efird, Peter A Doyle, Elizabeth A Stuart, Nestoras Mathioudakis, Nicole Glasgow, Avadhut Joshi, Pravin George, Bob Feroli, Elizabeth K Zink
PURPOSE: Results of a quality-improvement project to enhance safeguards against "wrong-pen-to-patient" insulin pen errors by permitting secure bedside storage of insulin pens are reported. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled evaluation was conducted at an academic medical center to assess adherence with institutional policy on insulin pen storage before and after implementation of a revised policy allowing pen storage in locking boxes in patient rooms. In phase 1 of the study, baseline data on policy adherence were captured for 8 patient care units (4 designated as intervention units and 4 designated as control units)...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220777/scenario-modelling-of-land-use-land-cover-changes-in-munessa-shashemene-landscape-of-the-ethiopian-highlands
#8
Mengistie Kindu, Thomas Schneider, Martin Döllerer, Demel Teketay, Thomas Knoke
Models under a set of scenarios are used to simulate and improve our understanding of land use/land cover (LULC) changes, which is central for sustainable management of a given natural resource. In this study, we simulated and examined the possible future LULC patterns and changes in Munessa-Shashemene landscape of the Ethiopian highlands covering four decades (2012-2050) using a spatially explicit GIS-based model. Both primary and secondary sources were utilized to identify relevant explanatory variables (drivers) and LULC datasets for the model...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217846/host-response-fungal-safeguards-in-the-gut
#9
Ashley York
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2017: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216595/optimizing-prescribed-fire-allocation-for-managing-fire-risk-in-central-catalonia
#10
Fermín J Alcasena, Alan A Ager, Michele Salis, Michelle A Day, Cristina Vega-Garcia
We used spatial optimization to allocate and prioritize prescribed fire treatments in the fire-prone Bages County, central Catalonia (northeastern Spain). The goal of this study was to identify suitable strategic locations on forest lands for fuel treatments in order to: 1) disrupt major fire movements, 2) reduce ember emissions, and 3) reduce the likelihood of large fires burning into residential communities. We first modeled fire spread, hazard and exposure metrics under historical extreme fire weather conditions, including node influence grid for surface fire pathways, crown fraction burned and fire transmission to residential structures...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215129/the-aquifer-recharge-an-overview-of-the-legislative-and-planning-aspect
#11
O De Giglio, G Caggiano, F Apollonio, A Marzella, S Brigida, E Ranieri, L Lucentini, V F Uricchio, M T Montagna
In most regions of the world, safeguarding groundwater resources is a serious issue, particularly in coastal areas where groundwater is the main water source for drinking, irrigation and industry. Water availability depends on climate, topography and geology. The aim of this paper is to evaluate aquifer recharge as a possible strategy to relieve water resource scarcity. Natural aquifer recharge is defined as the downward flow of water reaching the water table, increasing the groundwater reservoir. Hydro-meteorological factors (rainfall, evapotranspiration and runoff) may alter natural recharge processes...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214284/characteristics-of-medical-liability-claims-against-dermatologists-from-1991-through-2015
#12
Heather Kornmehl, Sanminder Singh, Brandon L Adler, Alexander E Wolf, Dean A Bochner, April W Armstrong
Importance: Recognizing malpractice trends in the field of dermatology is important for establishing safeguards for patient care and minimizing liability. However, there is a lack of published data on malpractice claims against dermatologists. Objective: To determine characteristics of medical professional liability claims in the field of dermatology and to compare these claims with those against all physicians. Design, Setting, and Participants: We examined malpractice liability data collected on dermatologists and other physicians insured by companies that report data to the Physician Insurers Association of America Data Sharing Project (PIAA-DSP), a nationally representative liability claims registry...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212536/towards-healthy-learning-climates-in-postgraduate-medical-education-exploring-the-role-of-hospital-wide-education-committees
#13
Milou E W M Silkens, Kiki M J M H Lombarts, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Onyebuchi A Arah
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education prepares residents for delivery of high quality patient care during training as well as for later practice, which makes high quality residency training programs crucial to safeguard patient care. Healthy learning climates contribute to high quality postgraduate medical education. In several countries, modernization of postgraduate medical education has resulted in hospital-wide responsibilities for monitoring learning climates. This study investigates the association between the actions undertaken by hospital-wide education committees and learning climates in postgraduate medical education...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212493/development-of-a-video-simulation-instrument-for-assessing-cognition-in-older-adults
#14
Edward H Ip, Ryan Barnard, Sarah A Marshall, Lingyi Lu, Kaycee Sink, Valerie Wilson, Dana Chamberlain, Stephen R Rapp
BACKGROUND: Commonly used methods to assess cognition, such as direct observation, self-report, or neuropsychological testing, have significant limitations. Therefore, a novel tablet computer-based video simulation was created with the goal of being valid, reliable, and easy to administer. The design and implementation of the SIMBAC (Simulation-Based Assessment of Cognition) instrument is described in detail, as well as informatics "lessons learned" during development. RESULTS: The software emulates 5 common instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and scores participants' performance...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210769/direct-observation-of-medication-errors-in-critical-care-setting-a-systematic-review
#15
Margaret J Foster, Jodie C Gary, Sreedevi Moodahanglur Sooryanarayana
Medication errors continue to be an issue for the critically ill and are costly to both patients and health care facilities. This article reviews published research about these errors and reports results of observational studies. The types of errors, incidence, and root causes have been considered along with adverse consequences. The implications for bedside practice as a result of this review are fairly straightforward. Medication errors are happening at an alarming rate in the critical care environment, and these errors are preventable...
January 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209788/-reform-of-emergency-physician-training-in-austria-finally-up-to-date
#16
REVIEW
H Trimmel, M Baubin, J Kreutziger, G Frank, G Prause
During the last 20 years Austrian prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) have significantly improved. The structure and organization of Austrian EMS comply with European standards but training requirements for prehospital EMS physicians are insufficient when compared with other countries. Although some EMS systems follow the German or Swiss postgraduate training concepts, the legal requirements in Austria defining the scope of mandatory training for physicians in the prehospital setting are only minimal...
December 5, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209695/cosmetic-surgery-for-children-and-adolescents-deontological-and-bioethical-remarks
#17
A Del Rio, R Rinaldi, S Napoletano, N M di Luca
The only interventions deemed ethically acceptable are those that serve the "objective interest" of the minors involved from the standpoint of and conducive to sound mental health and balance in a patient's teenage years; by the same token, disproportionate interventions (e.g. overly invasive or pointlessly risky), or all those deemed unsuitable with regards to a poor cost-benefit ratio are viewed as unacceptable. In the process of considering the best interest of the minors involved, a wide array of factors come into play, such as: age, maturity, psychological and emotional conditions, motivations put forth by the underage patient, the opportunity to procrastinate the operation: parents, who are naturally entitled to give consent to the surgical procedures, and physicians are primarily liable to safeguard and act in the minor's best interest...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209694/workers-safety-in-public-psychiatric-services-problems-laws-and-protections
#18
F Carabellese, M Urbano, A Coluccia, G Gualtieri
The dramatic case of murder of a psychiatrist during her service in her public office (Centro di Salute Mentale of Bari-Libertà) has led the authors to reflect on the safety of workplaces, in detail of public psychiatric services. It is in the light of current legislation, represented by the Legislative Decree of April 9th, 2008 no. 81, which states the implementing rules of Law 123/2007. In particular, the Authors analyzed the criticalities of the application of this Law, with the aim of safeguarding the health and safety of the workers in all psychiatric services (nursing departments, outpatient clinics, community centers, day care centers, etc...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208945/safeguarding-our-soils
#19
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204226/information-security-risk-assessment-in-hospitals
#20
Haleh Ayatollahi, Ghazal Shagerdi
Background: To date, many efforts have been made to classify information security threats, especially in the healthcare area. However, there are still many unknown risks which may threat the security of health information and their resources especially in the hospitals. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the risks threatening information security in the hospitals located in one of the northwest cities of Iran. Method: This study was completed in 2014...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
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