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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342225/examining-the-role-of-antioxidant-consumption-and-active-tuberculosis
#1
Isabel Griffin, Angel Algarin, Stephen White, Gladys Ibanez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341253/a-generalized-blaschko-linear-congenital-eruption
#2
Amadeu José Rodrigues Queiróz, Mariana Carvalho Costa, Fabiana Covolo de Souza Santana, Elaine Valim Camarinha Marcos, Gladys Aires Martins, Gustavo Henrique Soares Takano, Izelda Maria Carvalho Costa
Blaschko's lines are trace of the migration of primordial cells to the ectoderm during embryogenesis. We report an intriguing, complex and very rare case of a patient with congenital rash on Blaschko's lines. A 30-year-old female patient presented at birth with erythroderma and generalized desquamation that progressively acquired a linear distribution, under Blaschko's lines, associated with pruritus and fissures in the hands. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 17, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326813/surgical-treatment-of-aggressive-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-progressive-paraparesis
#3
M Dobran, F Mancini, D Nasi, M Gladi, S Sisti, M Scerrati
Vertebral hemangioma is a benign vascular lesion that may onset with neurologic symptoms due to spinal cord compression by epidural extension. Surgical procedure, embolization and radiotherapy are the gold standard for the treatment of this disease. We present a case of a 84 years old woman admitted at our department with worsening paraparesis and urinary retention. Her magnetic resonance images (MRI) showed a lesion involving both anterior and posterior vertebral element of D5, with extension into epidural space and spinal cord compression...
January 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324868/effects-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-pemf-on-the-tensile-biomechanical-properties-of-diabetic-wounds-at-different-phases-of-healing
#4
Harry M C Choi, Alex K K Cheing, Gabriel Y F Ng, Gladys L Y Cheing
The present study investigated the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on the tensile biomechanical properties of diabetic wounds at different phases of healing. Two intensities of PEMF were adopted for comparison. We randomly assigned 111 10-week-old male streptozotocin-induced diabetic Sprague-Dawley rats to two PEMF groups and a sham control group. Six-millimetre biopsy punched full thickness wounds were made on the lateral side of their hindlimbs. The PEMF groups received active PEMF delivered at 25 Hz with intensity of either 2 mT or 10 mT daily, while the sham group was handled in a similar way except they were not exposed to PEMF...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323130/in-vivo-effect-of-opticin-deficiency-in-cartilage-in-a-surgically-induced-mouse-model-of-osteoarthritis
#5
Aina Farrán, Gladys Valverde-Franco, Laura Tío, Bertrand Lussier, Hassan Fahmi, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Paul N Bishop, Jordi Monfort, Johanne Martel-Pelletier
The SLRP opticin (OPTC) has been demonstrated to be produced and degraded in osteoarthritic (OA) human cartilage. Here, we investigated the in vivo effect of OPTC deficiency in OA cartilage. OA was induced in 10-week-old Optc -/- and Optc +/+ mice. Ten weeks post-surgery, cartilage was processed for histology and immunohistochemistry. SLRP expression was determined in non-operated mouse cartilage. OA Optc -/- demonstrated significant protection against cartilage degradation. Data revealed that in non-operated Optc -/- cartilage, expression of SLRPs lumican and epiphycan was up-regulated at day 3 and in 10-week-olds (p ≤ 0...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313450/response-to-tennekes-2018-the-resilience-of-the-beehive-journal-of-toxicology-and-environmental-health-b-20-316-386
#6
Keith R Solomon, Gladys L Stephenson
This paper is a response to a letter from Dr. H Tennekes ("The Resilience of the Beehive" Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health B 20: 316-386). Here we emphasize that our quantitative weight of evidence analyses were focused on the level of the honeybee colony. These colony-level responses include redundancy and resiliency as well as a number of possible sublethal effects of pesticides on the colony. We also note that the literature has shown that binding of neonicotinoid insecticides to the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor is reversible...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310962/glaucomatous-optic-neuropathy-associated-with-nocturnal-dip-in-blood-pressure-findings-from-the-maracaibo-aging-study
#7
Jesús D Melgarejo, Joseph H Lee, Michele Petitto, Juan B Yépez, Felipe A Murati, Zhezhen Jin, Carlos A Chávez, Rosa V Pirela, Gustavo E Calmón, Winston Lee, Matthew P Johnson, Luis J Mena, Lama A Al-Aswad, Joseph D Terwilliger, Rando Allikmets, Gladys E Maestre, C Gustavo De Moraes
PURPOSE: To determine which nocturnal blood pressure (BP) parameters (low levels or extreme dipper status) are associated with an increased risk of glaucomatous damage in Hispanics. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A subset (n = 93) of the participants from the Maracaibo Aging Study (MAS) who met the study eligibility criteria were included. These participants, who were at least 40 years of age, had measurements for optical tomography coherence, visual field (VF) tests, 24-hour BP, office BP, and intraocular pressure <22 mmHg...
January 5, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304084/risk-assessment-and-spread-of-the-potentially-invasive-ceratitis-rosa-karsch-and-ceratitis-quilicii-de-meyer-mwatawala-virgilio-sp-nov-using-life-cycle-simulation-models-implications-for-phytosanitary-measures-and-management
#8
Chrysantus Mbi Tanga, Fathiya Mbarak Khamis, Henri E Z Tonnang, Ivan Rwomushana, Gladys Mosomtai, Samira A Mohamed, Sunday Ekesi
Integrative taxonomy has resolved the species status of the potentially invasive Ceratitis rosa Karsch into two separate species with distinct ecological requirements: C. rosa "lowland type" and the newly described species Ceratitis quilicii De Meyer, Mwatawala & Virgilio sp. nov. "highland type". Both species are tephritid pests threatening the production of horticultural crops in Africa and beyond. Studies were carried out by constructing thermal reaction norms for each life stage of both species at constant and fluctuating temperatures...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298522/is-non-linear-frequency-compression-amplification-beneficial-to-adults-and-children-with-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#9
Gladys Atinuke Akinseye, Ann-Marie Dickinson, Kevin J Munro
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the benefits of non-linear frequency compression (NLFC) in adults and children. DESIGN: Ten databases were searched for studies comparing the effects of NLFC and conventional processing (CP) for the period January 2008 to September 2017. STUDY SAMPLE: Twelve articles were included in this review: four adults and school-aged only, one pre-school only and three with both adults and school-aged children...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291372/design-synthesis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation-of-ouabain-analogs-as-potent-and-selective-na-k-atpase-%C3%AE-4-isoform-inhibitors-for-male-contraception
#10
Shameem Sultana Syeda, Gladis Sánchez, Kwon Ho Hong, Jon E Hawkinson, Gunda I Georg, Gustavo Blanco
Na,K-ATPase α4 is a testis specific plasma membrane Na+ and K+ transporter expressed in the sperm flagellum. Deletion of Na,K-ATPase α4 in male mice results in complete infertility, making it an attractive target for male contraception. Na,K-ATPase α4 is characterized by high affinity for the cardiac glycoside ouabain. With the goal of discovering selective inhibitors of the Na,K-ATPase α4 and of sperm function, ouabain derivatives were modified at the glycone (C3) and the lactone (C17) domains. Ouabagenin analog 25, carrying a benzyltriazole moiety at C17, is a picomolar inhibitor of Na,K-ATPase α4, with an outstanding α4 isoform selectivity profile...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290744/antimicrobial-stewardship-program-using-plan-do-study-act-cycles-to-reduce-unjustified-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children-admitted-with-an-asthma-exacerbation
#11
Sasha E Dorzin, Claudia Halaby, Maria Lyn Quintos, Asif Noor, Gladys El-Chaar
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) ensure appropriate antibiotic use, reduce health care costs, and minimize antibiotic resistance. National asthma guidelines do not recommend antibiotics during an exacerbation unless the child has an infection or comorbidities. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established a benchmark for unjustified antibiotic use at 6.6%.9 A retrospective study at our institution showed that 7.8% of antibiotics were prescribed without justification in children admitted for asthma...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288014/efficacy-of-different-cooling-technologies-for-therapeutic-temperature-management-a-prospective-intervention-study
#12
Petra Sonder, Gladys N Janssens, Albertus Beishuizen, Connie L Henry, Jon C Rittenberger, Clifton W Callaway, Cameron Dezfulian, Kees H Polderman
BACKGROUND: Mild therapeutic hypothermia (32-36 °C) is associated with improved outcomes in patients with brain injury after cardiac arrest (CA). Various devices are available to induce and maintain hypothermia, but few studies have compared the performance of these devices. We performed a prospective study to compare four frequently used cooling systems in inducing and maintaining hypothermia followed by controlled rewarming. METHODS: We performed a prospective multi-centered study in ten ICU's in three hospitals within the UPMC health system...
December 26, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281598/community-public-health-practicum-in-the-amazon-region-of-peru-student-experiences
#13
Gladys León-Montoya, María-Jesús Albar, Fátima León-Larios
This article presents the experience of a community public health practicum in the Amazon region of Peru. The intervention model is based on the social determinants of health within a participatory approach illustrating the impact of the practicum on the students and on the families and communities. This experience can be instructive for developing countries that do not have an established infrastructure to ensure healthcare within their communities; in these countries, students can help to improve health by empowering families and communities...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280650/-association-between-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-physical-activity-and-sedentariness-in-chilean-university-students
#14
Gladys Ruth Morales Illanes, Teresa Balboa-Castillo, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Álvaro Soto, Ingrid Schifferli, Francisco Guillen-Grima
INTRODUCTION: There is a huge evidence in adults, that a high level of physical activity and a low level of sedentariness are associated independently with a reduction of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF). This association has been poor evaluated in young people and the results are not conclusive. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between CMRF, physical activity and sedentariness in Chilean university students. METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276743/datasets-for-mapping-pastoralist-movement-patterns-and-risk-zones-of-rift-valley-fever-occurrence
#15
Gladys Mosomtai, Magnus Evander, Charles Mundia, Per Sandström, Clas Ahlm, Osama Ahmed Hassan, Olivia Wesula Lwande, Moses K Gachari, Tobias Landmann, Rosemary Sang
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic disease affecting humans and animals. It is caused by RVF virus transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes. The data presented in this article propose environmental layers suitable for mapping RVF vector habitat zones and livestock migratory routes. Using species distribution modelling, we used RVF vector occurrence data sampled along livestock migratory routes to identify suitable vector habitats within the study region which is located in the central and the north-eastern part of Kenya...
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273190/comment-on-changes-in-bowel-habits-and-patient-scored-symptoms-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-and-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch
#16
EDITORIAL
Gladys Witt Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273177/simulation-center-best-practices-a-review-of-acs-accredited-educational-institutes-best-practices-2011-to-present
#17
James M Cooke, Deborah M Rooney, Gladys L Fernandez, David R Farley
BACKGROUND: Since the inception of American College of Surgeons' Accredited Educational Institute (ACS-AEI) Consortium, accreditation reviews have identified best practices in simulation-based education and center operations. A review of best practices would support the communication of these best practices, offer recognition of exemplar institutes, and facilitate discussion and sharing of resources amongst AEIs. METHODS: We examined 5 years of ACS AEI accreditation best practices identified across all standards and criteria...
December 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259539/the-contribution-of-l-type-cav1-3-channels-to-retinal-light-responses
#18
Liheng Shi, Janet Ya-An Chang, Fei Yu, Michael L Ko, Gladys Y-P Ko
L-type voltage-gated calcium channels (LTCCs) regulate tonic neurotransmitter release from sensory neurons including retinal photoreceptors. There are three types of LTCCs (Cav1.2, Cav1.3, and Cav1.4) expressed in the retina. While Cav1.2 is expressed in all retinal cells including the Müller glia and neurons, Cav1.3 and Cav1.4 are expressed in the retinal neurons with Cav1.4 exclusively expressed in the photoreceptor synaptic terminals. Mutations in the gene encoding Cav1.4 cause incomplete X-linked congenital stationary night blindness in humans...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250439/the-effect-of-deworming-using-triple-dose-albendazole-on-nutritional-status-of-children-in-perobatang-village-southwest-sumba-indonesia
#19
Saleha Sungkar, Asri S Ridwan, Gladys Kusumowidagdo
High prevalence of STH leads to malnutrition, anemia, cognitive impairment, and growth disorders. Triple-dose albendazole 400 mg is a broad-spectrum anthelminthic; however, its effectiveness varies in every region. This study aims to determine the benefits of deworming using triple-dose albendazole on children's nutritional status in Perobatang Village, Southwest Sumba, Indonesia. This pre-post study was conducted in July 2016 and January 2017. Children aged 1-15 years were asked to collect stool for diagnosis of STH infection (Kato-Katz method), were measured for anthropometry status to obtain the nutritional status, and took albendazole 400 mg for three consecutive days...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246564/clinical-and-psychological-outcome-after-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-a-prospective-observational-study-with-analysis-of-prognostic-factors
#20
Mauro Dobran, Davide Nasi, Maurizio Gladi, Mattia Marinelli, Fabrizio Mancini, Maurizio Iacoangeli, Massimo Scerrati
BACKGROUND: The identification of psychological risk factors is important for the selection of patients before spinal surgery. Moreover, the effect of surgical decompression in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) on psychological outcome is not previously well analyzed. AIM OF PAPER: to investigate clinical and psychological outcome after surgery for LSS and the effect of depressive symptoms and anxiety on the clinical outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 patients with symptomatic LSS underwent decompressive surgery with or without spinal stabilization were prospectively enrolled in this observational surgery...
December 8, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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