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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161488/identifying-trypanosoma-cruzi-discreet-typing-units-in-triatomines-collected-in-different-natural-regions-of-per%C3%A3%C2%BA
#1
Carlos P Padilla, Uriel Alvarado, Gladis Ventura, Deysi Luna-Caipo, Marcial Suárez, José R Tuñoque, Nancy Ruelas-Llerena, Luis A Fachín, Alina Huiza, Lizandro Gonzáles, Julio César Carranza, Gustavo Adolfo Vallejo, Gustavo Adolfo Vallejo, Abraham G Cáceres, Abraham G Cáceres
INTRODUCTION: Trypanosoma cruzi has been divided by international consensus into six discrete typing units (DTU): TcI, TcII, TcIII, TcIV, TcV y TcVI. The factors determining the dynamics of T. cruzi genotypes vector transmission of Chagas' disease in the different geographical regions of Perú are still unknown. OBJECTIVE: To detect and type T. cruzi DTUs from the faeces of seven species of triatomines (Panstrongylus chinai, P. geniculatus, P. herreri, Rhodnius robustus, R...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157202/target-proteins-reprogrammed-by-as-and-as%C3%A2-%C3%A2-si-treatments-in-solanum-lycopersicum-l-fruit
#2
Marta Marmiroli, Francesca Mussi, Davide Imperiale, Nelson Marmiroli
BACKGROUND: Arsenic is an important contaminant of many arable soils worldwide, while silicon, one of the most abundant elements in the earth's crust, interacts with As in the context of plant metabolism. As toxicity results largely from its stimulation of reactive oxygen species, and it is believed that Si can mitigate this process through reduction of the level of oxidative stress. Experiments targeting the proteomic impact of exposure to As and Si have to date largely focused on analyses of root, shoot and seed of a range of mainly non-solanaceous species, thus it remains unclear whether oxidative stress is the most important manifestation of As toxicity in Solanum lycopersicum fruit which during ripening go through drastic physiological and molecular readjustments...
November 21, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157187/quantitative-weight-of-evidence-assessment-of-higher-tier-studies-on-the-toxicity-and-risks-of-neonicotinoid-insecticides-in-honeybees-1-methods
#3
Keith R Solomon, Gladys L Stephenson
A quantitative weight of evidence (QWoE) methodology was developed and used to assess many higher-tier studies on the effects of three neonicotinoid insecticides: clothianidin (CTD), imidacloprid (IMI), and thiamethoxam (TMX) on honeybees. A general problem formulation, a conceptual model for exposures of honeybees, and an analysis plan were developed. A QWoE methodology was used to characterize the quality of the available studies from the literature and unpublished reports of studies conducted by or for the registrants...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157160/quantitative-weight-of-evidence-assessment-of-higher-tier-studies-on-the-toxicity-and-risks-of-neonicotinoids-in-honeybees-4-thiamethoxam
#4
Gladys L Stephenson, Keith R Solomon
A quantitative weight of evidence (QWoE) methodology was used to assess several higher-tier studies on the effects of thiamethoxam (TMX) on honeybees. Assessment endpoints were population size and viability of commercially managed honeybee colonies and quantity of hive products. A higher-tier field toxicology study indicated a no-observed-adverse effect concentration (NOAEC) of 29.5 µg TMX/kg syrup, equivalent to an oral no-observed-adverse-effect-dose (NOAED) of 8.6 ng/bee/day for all responses measured...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157159/quantitative-weight-of-evidence-assessment-of-risk-to-honeybee-colonies-from-use-of-imidacloprid-clothianidin-and-thiamethoxam-as-seed-treatments-a-postscript
#5
Keith R Solomon, Gladys L Stephenson
This paper is a postscript to the four companion papers in this issue of the Journal (Solomon and Stephenson 2017a , 2017b ; Stephenson and Solomon 2017a , 2017b ). The first paper in the series described the conceptual model and the methods of the QWoE process. The other three papers described the application of the QWoE process to studies on imidacloprid (IMI), clothianidin (CTD), and thiamethoxam (TMX). This postscript was written to summarize the utility of the methods used in the quantitative weight of evidence (QWoE), the overall relevance of the results, and the environmental implications of the findings...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155839/performance-of-thigh-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-algorithms-in-objective-quantification-of-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#6
Jorgen A Wullems, Sabine M P Verschueren, Hans Degens, Christopher I Morse, Gladys L Onambélé
Accurate monitoring of sedentary behaviour and physical activity is key to investigate their exact role in healthy ageing. To date, accelerometers using cut-off point models are most preferred for this, however, machine learning seems a highly promising future alternative. Hence, the current study compared between cut-off point and machine learning algorithms, for optimal quantification of sedentary behaviour and physical activity intensities in the elderly. Thus, in a heterogeneous sample of forty participants (aged ≥60 years, 50% female) energy expenditure during laboratory-based activities (ranging from sedentary behaviour through to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) was estimated by indirect calorimetry, whilst wearing triaxial thigh-mounted accelerometers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155580/a-unique-approach-to-design-potent-and-selective-cyclic-adenosine-monophosphate-response-element-binding-protein-binding-protein-cbp-inhibitors
#7
Sarah M Bronner, Jeremy M Murray, F Anthony Romero, Kwong Wah Lai, Vickie Tsui, Patrick Cyr, Maureen H Beresini, Gladys de Leon Boenig, Zhongguo Chen, Edna F Choo, Kevin R Clark, Terry D Crawford, Hariharan Jayaram, Susan Kaufman, Ruina Li, Yingjie Li, Jiangpeng Liao, Xiaorong Liang, Wenfeng Liu, Justin Q Ly, Jonathan Maher, John S Wai, Fei Wang, Aijun Zheng, Xiaoyu Zhu, Steven R Magnuson
The epigenetic regulator CBP/P300 presents a novel therapeutic target for oncology. Previously, we reported the development of potent and selective CBP bromodomain inhibitors by first identifying pharmacophores that bind the KAc region, and then building into the LPF shelf. Herein we report the "hybridization" of a variety of KAc-binding fragments with a tetrahydroquinoline scaffold that makes optimal interactions with the LPF shelf, imparting enhanced potency and selectivity to the hybridized ligand. To demonstrate the utility of our hybridization approach, two analogues containing unique Asn binders and the optimized tetrahydroquinoline moiety were rapidly optimized to yield single-digit nanomolar inhibitors of CBP with exquisite selectivity over BRD4(1) and the broader bromodomain family...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146686/specific-force-of-the-vastus-lateralis-in-adults-with-achondroplasia
#8
David Thomas Sims, Gladys L Onambele-Pearson, Adrian Burden, Carl Payton, Christopher I Morse
Achondroplasia is a clinical condition defined by shorter stature and disproportionate limb length. Force production in able-bodied individuals (controls) is proportional to muscle size, but given the disproportionate nature of Achondroplasia, normalising to anatomical cross sectional area (ACSA) is inappropriate. The aim of this study was to assess specific force of the vastus lateralis (VL) in 10 adults with Achondroplasia (22 ±3 yrs) and 18 gender matched controls (22 ±2 yrs). Isometric torque (iMVCτ) of the dominant knee extensors (KE) and in vivo measures of VL muscle architecture, volume, activation and patella tendon moment arm were used to calculate VL physiological CSA (PCSA), fascicle force and specific force in both groups...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144196/quantitative-weight-of-evidence-assessment-of-higher-tier-studies-on-the-toxicity-and-risks-of-neonicotinoids-in-honeybees-3-clothianidin
#9
Keith R Solomon, Gladys L Stephenson
A quantitative weight of evidence (QWoE) methodology was used to assess higher tier studies on the effects of clothianidin (CTD) on honeybees. Assessment endpoints were population size and viability of commercially managed bees and quantity of hive products. A colony-level no-observed-adverse effect concentration (NOAEC) of 25 µg CTD/kg syrup, equivalent to an oral no-observed-adverse effect-dose (NOAED) of 7.3 ng/bee/d for all responses measured. Based on a NOAEC of 19.7 µg/kg pollen, the NOAED for honeybee larvae was 2...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140765/quantitative-weight-of-evidence-assessment-of-higher-tier-studies-on-the-toxicity-and-risks-of-neonicotinoids-in-honeybees-2-imidacloprid
#10
Gladys L Stephenson, Keith R Solomon
A quantitative weight of evidence (QWoE) methodology was used to assess higher-tier studies on the effects of imidacloprid (IMI) on honeybees. Assessment endpoints were population size and viability of commercially managed bees and quantity of hive products. A colony-level no-observed-adverse effect concentration (NOAEC) of 25 µg IMI/kg syrup, equivalent to an oral no-observed-adverse-effect-dose of 7.3 ng/bee/d for all responses, was measured. The overall weight of evidence indicates that there is minimal risk to honeybees from exposure to IMI from its use as a seed treatment...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136029/a-structural-review-of-foliar-glands-in-passiflora-l-passifloraceae
#11
Renata Cristina Cassimiro de Lemos, Delmira da Costa Silva, Gladys Flavia de Albuquerque Melo-de-Pinna
Extrafloral glands in Passifloraceae species have aroused the interest of many researchers because of their wide morphological diversity. The present work analyzed the foliar glands on 34 species of Passiflora from samples containing glands in the petiole and foliar blade fixed in 50% solution of formaldehyde-ethanol-acetic acid and stored in a 70% ethanol solution. For anatomical analyses, part of the material was embedded in Paraplast, longitudinally sectioned and double stained with safranin and astra blue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135509/unilesional-follicular-mycosis-fungoides-report-of-6-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Cynthia M Magro, Gladys H Telang, Shabnam Momtahen
Unilesional follicular mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare variant of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma characterized by selective involvement of the hair follicles by neoplastic T lymphocytes presenting initially as a solitary lesion occupying less than 5% of the body surface; there are 22 previous reported cases. We describe 6 patients with this rare variant of MF, all males (age range 6-64 years; mean age: 28 years) presenting with a solitary lesion primarily on the face and scalp except 1 patient who presented with a truncal lesion...
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128157/prophylactic-internal-iliac-artery-occlusion-balloon-placement-to-reduce-operative-blood-loss-in-patients-with-invasive-placenta
#13
Andrew C Picel, Brent Wolford, Rory L Cochran, Gladys A Ramos, Anne C Roberts
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of prophylactic internal iliac occlusion balloon placement before cesarean hysterectomy for invasive placenta. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of patients with invasive placenta treated with and without occlusion balloon placement. Preoperative occlusion balloons were placed in 90 patients; 61 patients were treated without balloon placement (control group). Baseline demographics, including patient age, gestational age at delivery, gravidity, parity, and number of previous cesarean sections, were not significantly different (P > ...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120487/azospirillum-brasilense-a-beneficial-soil-bacterium-isolation-and-cultivation
#14
Gladys Alexandre
Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum comprise 15 species to date, with A. brasilense the best studied species in the genus. Azospirillum are soil bacteria able to promote the growth of plants from 113 species spanning 35 botanical families. These non-pathogenic and beneficial bacteria are ubiquitous in soils and inhabit the roots of diverse plants. These bacteria are microaerophilic, able to fix nitrogen under free-living conditions, motile, and able to navigate in gradients of various chemicals, including oxygen...
November 9, 2017: Current Protocols in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120483/azospirillum-brasilense-laboratory-maintenance-and-genetic-manipulation
#15
Jessica Gullett, Lindsey O'Neal, Tanmoy Mukherjee, Gladys Alexandre
Bacteria of the genus Azospirillum, including the most comprehensively studied Azospirillum brasilense, are non-pathogenic soil bacteria that promote the growth of diverse plants, making them an attractive model to understand non-symbiotic, beneficial plant-bacteria associations. Research into the physiology and genetics of these organisms spans decades and a range of molecular tools and protocols have been developed for allelic exchange mutagenesis, in trans expression of genes, and fusions to reporter genes...
November 9, 2017: Current Protocols in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113600/maldi-tof-ms-protein-profiling-for-the-rapid-identification-of-chagas-disease-triatomine-vectors-and-application-to-the-triatomine-fauna-of-french-guiana-corrigendum
#16
Maureen Laroche, Jean-Michel Bérenger, Gladys Gazelle, Denis Blanchet, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103344/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-among-scheduled-versus-unscheduled-deliveries-in-women-with-prenatally-diagnosed-pathologically-proven-placenta-accreta
#17
Kate E Pettit, Megan L Stephenson, Yen N Truong, Dana Henry, Aisling Murphy, Lena Kim, Nancy Field, Deborah A Wing, Gladys A Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate maternal and neonatal outcomes among scheduled versus unscheduled deliveries in cases of prenatally diagnosed, pathologically proven placenta accreta. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort of placenta accreta cases delivered in five University of California hospitals. RESULTS: Of 151 cases of histopathologically proven placenta accreta, 82% were prenatally diagnosed. Sixty-seven percent of women underwent scheduled deliveries and 33% were unscheduled...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098498/racial-residential-segregation-and-sti-diagnosis-among-non-hispanic-blacks-2006-2010
#18
Khaleeq Lutfi, Mary Jo Trepka, Kristopher P Fennie, Gladys Ibañez, Hugh Gladwin
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) disproportionately impact non-Hispanic blacks. Racial residential segregation has been associated with negative socioeconomic outcomes. We sought to examine the association between segregation and STI diagnosis among blacks. The National Survey of Family Growth and US Census served as data sources. Five distinct dimensions represent segregation. The association between STI diagnosis and each segregation dimension was assessed with multilevel logistic regression modeling...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097494/gut-microbiome-influences-efficacy-of-pd-1-based-immunotherapy-against-epithelial-tumors
#19
Bertrand Routy, Emmanuelle Le Chatelier, Lisa Derosa, Connie P M Duong, Maryam Tidjani Alou, Romain Daillère, Aurélie Fluckiger, Meriem Messaoudene, Conrad Rauber, Maria P Roberti, Marine Fidelle, Caroline Flament, Vichnou Poirier-Colame, Paule Opolon, Christophe Klein, Kristina Iribarren, Laura Mondragón, Nicolas Jacquelot, Bo Qu, Gladys Ferrere, Céline Clémenson, Laura Mezquita, Jordi Remon Masip, Charles Naltet, Solenn Brosseau, Coureche Kaderbhai, Corentin Richard, Hira Rizvi, Florence Levenez, Nathalie Galleron, Benoit Quinquis, Nicolas Pons, Bernhard Ryffel, Véronique Minard-Colin, Patrick Gonin, Jean-Charles Soria, Eric Deutsch, Yohann Loriot, François Ghiringhelli, Gérard Zalcman, François Goldwasser, Bernard Escudier, Matthew D Hellmann, Alexander Eggermont, Didier Raoult, Laurence Albiges, Guido Kroemer, Laurence Zitvogel
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 axis induce sustained clinical responses in a sizeable minority of cancer patients. Here, we show that primary resistance to ICI can be due to abnormal gut microbiome composition. Antibiotics (ATB) inhibited the clinical benefit of ICI in patients with advanced cancer. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from cancer patients who responded to ICI (but not from non-responding patients) into germ-free or ATB-treated mice ameliorated the antitumor effects of PD-1 blockade...
November 2, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075892/predicting-in-vivo-effect-levels-for-repeat-dose-systemic-toxicity-using-chemical-biological-kinetic-and-study-covariates
#20
Lisa Truong, Gladys Ouedraogo, LyLy Pham, Jacques Clouzeau, Sophie Loisel-Joubert, Delphine Blanchet, Hicham Noçairi, Woodrow Setzer, Richard Judson, Chris Grulke, Kamel Mansouri, Matthew Martin
In an effort to address a major challenge in chemical safety assessment, alternative approaches for characterizing systemic effect levels, a predictive model was developed. Systemic effect levels were curated from ToxRefDB, HESS-DB and COSMOS-DB from numerous study types totaling 4379 in vivo studies for 1247 chemicals. Observed systemic effects in mammalian models are a complex function of chemical dynamics, kinetics, and inter- and intra-individual variability. To address this complex problem, systemic effect levels were modeled at the study-level by leveraging study covariates (e...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
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