keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gladys

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915004/economic-analysis-of-the-nairobi-cancer-registry-implications-for-expanding-and-enhancing-cancer-registration-in-kenya
#1
Anne Korir, Robai Gakunga, Sujha Subramanian, Nathan Okerosi, Gladys Chesumbai, Patrick Edwards, Florence Tangka, Rachael Joseph, Nathan Buziba, Victor Rono, Donald Maxwell Parkin, Mona Saraiya
INTRODUCTION: Cancer registration is an important activity for informing cancer control activities. Cancer registries in Sub-Saharan Africa have limited resources to effectively operate because of competing priorities. To date, there has not been an assessment of the resources and funding needed to perform all the activities essential for cancer registration in Kenya. Evidence will help registries to quantify and advocate for the funds needed to sustain, enhance, and expand high quality cancer registration in Kenya...
November 30, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912083/robust-root-growth-in-altered-hydrotropic-response1-ahr1-mutant-of-arabidopsis-is-maintained-by-high-rate-of-cell-production-at-low-water-potential-gradient
#2
Amed Salazar-Blas, Laura Noriega-Calixto, María E Campos, Delfeena Eapen, Tania Cruz-Vázquez, Luis Castillo-Olamendi, Gabriela Sepulveda-Jiménez, Helena Porta, Joseph G Dubrovsky, Gladys I Cassab
Hydrotropism is the directional root growth response determined by water stimulus. In a water potential gradient system (WPGS) the roots of the Arabidopsis wild type have a diminished root growth compared to normal medium (NM). In contrast, the altered hydrotropic response1 (ahr1) mutant roots maintain their robust growth in the same WPGS. The aims of this work were to ascertain how ahr1 roots could sustain growth in the WPGS, with a special focus on the integration of cellular processes involved in the signaling that determines root growth during abiotic stress and their relation to hydrotropism...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906125/one-health-capacity-building-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
REVIEW
Innocent B Rwego, Olutayo Olajide Babalobi, Protus Musotsi, Serge Nzietchueng, Christian Keambo Tiambo, John David Kabasa, Irene Naigaga, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Katherine Pelican
BACKGROUND: Africa of late has been faced with challenges that require a multidisciplinary and multisectoral approach to address them, and academic and non-academic institutions have played a key role in training and conducting research that would promote the One Health approach. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to document networks and organizations conducting One Health training, research, and outreach in Africa, as one of a series of articles around the world...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890791/fecal-microbiota-manipulation-prevents-dysbiosis-and-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#4
Gladys Ferrere, Laura Wrzosek, Frédéric Cailleux, Williams Turpin, Virginie Puchois, Madeleine Spatz, Dragos Ciocan, Dominique Rainteau, Lydie Humbert, Cindy Hugot, Françoise Gaudin, Marie-Louise Noordine, Véronique Robert, Dominique Berrebi, Muriel Thomas, Sylvie Naveau, Gabriel Perlemuter, Anne-Marie Cassard
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a leading cause of liver failure and mortality. In humans, severe alcoholic hepatitis is associated with key changes of intestinal microbiota (IM), which influences individual sensitivity to develop advanced ALD. We used the different susceptibility to ALD observed in two distinct animal facilities to test the efficiency of two complementary strategies (fecal microbiota transplantation and prebiotic treatment) to reverse dysbiosis and prevent ALD...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887565/genomic-evaluation-by-including-dominance-effects-and-inbreeding-depression-for-purebred-and-crossbred-performance-with-an-application-in-pigs
#5
Tao Xiang, Ole Fredslund Christensen, Zulma Gladis Vitezica, Andres Legarra
BACKGROUND: Improved performance of crossbred animals is partly due to heterosis. One of the major genetic bases of heterosis is dominance, but it is seldom used in pedigree-based genetic evaluation of livestock. Recently, a trivariate genomic best linear unbiased prediction (GBLUP) model including dominance was developed, which can distinguish purebreds from crossbred animals explicitly. The objectives of this study were: (1) methodological, to show that inclusion of marker-based inbreeding accounts for directional dominance and inbreeding depression in purebred and crossbred animals, to revisit variance components of additive and dominance genetic effects using this model, and to develop marker-based estimators of genetic correlations between purebred and crossbred animals and of correlations of allele substitution effects between breeds; (2) to evaluate the impact of accounting for dominance effects and inbreeding depression on predictive ability for total number of piglets born (TNB) in a pig dataset composed of two purebred populations and their crossbreds...
November 25, 2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882696/fetuin-a-alpha-2hs-glycoprotein-modulates-growth-motility-invasion-and-senescence-in-high-grade-astrocytomas
#6
Gladys N Nangami, Amos M Sakwe, Michael G Izban, Tanu Rana, Philip E Lammers, Portia Thomas, Zhenbang Chen, Josiah Ochieng
Glioblastomas (high-grade astrocytomas) are highly aggressive brain tumors with poor prognosis and limited treatment options. In the present studies, we have defined the role of fetuin-A, a liver-derived multifunctional serum protein, in the growth of an established glioblastoma cell line, LN229. We hereby demonstrate that these cells synthesize ectopic fetuin-A which supports their growth in culture in the absence of serum. We have demonstrated that a panel of tissue microarray (TMA) of glioblastomas also express ectopic fetuin-A...
November 23, 2016: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881106/a-pragmatic-randomised-multi-centre-trial-of-multifamily-and-single-family-therapy-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#7
Ivan Eisler, Mima Simic, John Hodsoll, Eia Asen, Mark Berelowitz, Frances Connan, Gladys Ellis, Pippa Hugo, Ulrike Schmidt, Janet Treasure, Irene Yi, Sabine Landau
BACKGROUND: Considerable progress has been made in recent years in developing effective treatments for child and adolescent anorexia nervosa, with a general consensus in the field that eating disorders focussed family therapy (often referred to as Maudsley Family Therapy or Family Based Treatment) currently offers the most promising outcomes. Nevertheless, a significant number do not respond well and additional treatment developments are needed to improve outcomes. Multifamily therapy is a promising treatment that has attracted considerable interest and we report the results of the first randomised controlled trial of multifamily therapy for adolescent anorexia nervosa...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875011/characterization-of-tin-ethylene-glycol-solar-nanofluids-synthesized-by-laser
#8
Omar Torres-Mendieta, Rosa Mondragron, Verónica Puerto-Belda, Omel Mendoza-Yero, Jesús Lancis, J Enrique Bolivar, Gladys Mínguez-Vega
Solar energy is extended over wide geographical areas and is becoming an essential tool to keep the ever-increasing demand of energy with minimal environmental impact. A solar nanofluid is a novel solar receiver concept for efficient harvesting of solar radiation based on volumetric absorption of directly irradiated nanoparticles in a heat transfer fluid. Herein, the fabrication of a solar nanofluid by pulsed laser ablation in liquids was explored. This study was conducted with the ablation of bulk tin immersed in ethylene glycol with a femtosecond laser...
November 22, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874174/compound-heterozygous-mutations-in-the-ift140-gene-cause-opitz-trigonocephaly-c-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-typical-features-of-a-ciliopathy
#9
Christian Peña-Padilla, Christian R Marshall, Susan Walker, Stephen W Scherer, Gerónimo Tavares-Macías, Gladys Razo-Jiménez, Lucina Bobadilla-Morales, Elizabeth Acosta-Fernández, Alfredo Corona-Rivera, Roberto Mendoza-Londono, Jorge Román Corona-Rivera
We report on an infant with Opitz trigonocephaly C syndrome (OTCS), who also had manifestations of ciliopathy, including short ribs (non-asphyxiating), trident acetabular roofs, postaxial polydactyly cone-shaped epiphyses, and dysplasia of the renal, hepatic and pancreatic tissues. To investigate the molecular cause, we used an exome sequencing strategy followed by Sanger sequencing. Two rare variants, both predicted to result in loss of functional protein, were identified in the IFT140 gene; a substitution at the splice donor site of exon 24 (c...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866135/endothelial-dysfunction-and-the-occurrence-of-radial-artery-spasm-during-transradial-coronary-procedures-the-acra-spasm-study
#10
Dirk van der Heijden, Maarten A H van Leeuwen, Gladys N Janssens, Jailen Hermie, Mattie J Lenzen, Marco J P F Ritt, Peter M van de Ven, Ferdinand Kiemeneij, Niels van Royen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse the relation between endothelial dysfunction (ED) and the occurrence of radial artery spasm (RAS) during transradial coronary procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS: From May 2014 to June 2015, endothelial function was assessed by EndoPAT and FMD before the procedure in 165 patients referred for coronary angiography or intervention. The primary endpoint was RAS, defined by patient's symptoms and procedural characteristics. The mean age of the study population was 63 years and 71% were male...
November 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862024/medial-gastrocnemius-specific-force-of-adult-men-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#11
Ayser W Hussain, Gladys L Onambele, Alun G Williams, Christopher I Morse
INTRODUCTION: Muscle weakness determines functional impairment in spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Measurement of specific force (SF) allows for strength comparison with unimpaired populations (controls) accounting for neural (activation and coactivation), architectural (fascicle length and pennation angle), and structural differences (moment arm length). METHODS: Medial gastrocnemius (MG) SF (and its determinants) was assessed in both paretic and non-paretic legs of 11 men with SCP and 11 age-matched controls during plantarflexion maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC)...
November 15, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859847/the-association-of-low-birth-weight-with-serum-c-reactive-protein-in-3-year-old-children-living-in-cuba-a-population-based-prospective-study
#12
Silvia Josefina Venero-Fernández, Hermes Fundora-Hernández, Lourdes Batista-Gutierrez, Ramón Suárez-Medina, Esperanza de la C Mora-Faife, Gladys García-García, Ileana Del Valle-Infante, Liem Gómez-Marrero, John Britton, Andrew W Fogarty
OBJECTIVE: Low birthweight is associated with a decreased risk of childhood leukemia and an increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in adult life. Possible biological mediators include systemic innate immunity and inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that birthweight was inversely associated with serum high sensitivity C reactive protein assay (hsCRP), a measure of both innate immunity and systemic inflammation. METHODS: Data on birthweight and current anthropometric measures along with a range of exposures were collected at 1 and 3 years of age in a population-based cohort study of young children living in Havana, Cuba...
November 18, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852222/differential-gene-expression-in-varroa-jacobsoni-mites-following-a-host-shift-to-european-honey-bees-apis-mellifera
#13
Gladys K Andino, Michael Gribskov, Denis L Anderson, Jay D Evans, Greg J Hunt
BACKGROUND: Varroa mites are widely considered the biggest honey bee health problem worldwide. Until recently, Varroa jacobsoni has been found to live and reproduce only in Asian honey bee (Apis cerana) colonies, while V. destructor successfully reproduces in both A. cerana and A. mellifera colonies. However, we have identified an island population of V. jacobsoni that is highly destructive to A. mellifera, the primary species used for pollination and honey production. The ability of these populations of mites to cross the host species boundary potentially represents an enormous threat to apiculture, and is presumably due to genetic variation that exists among populations of V...
November 16, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849599/yellow-fever-virus-capsid-protein-is-a-potent-suppressor-of-rna-silencing-that-binds-double-stranded-rna
#14
Glady Hazitha Samuel, Michael R Wiley, Atif Badawi, Zach N Adelman, Kevin M Myles
Mosquito-borne flaviviruses, including yellow fever virus (YFV), Zika virus (ZIKV), and West Nile virus (WNV), profoundly affect human health. The successful transmission of these viruses to a human host depends on the pathogen's ability to overcome a potentially sterilizing immune response in the vector mosquito. Similar to other invertebrate animals and plants, the mosquito's RNA silencing pathway comprises its primary antiviral defense. Although a diverse range of plant and insect viruses has been found to encode suppressors of RNA silencing, the mechanisms by which flaviviruses antagonize antiviral small RNA pathways in disease vectors are unknown...
November 29, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845506/surgical-treatments-of-spinal-metastases-analysis-of-prognostic-factors-during-a-seven-year-experience
#15
Mauro Dobran, Maurizio Iacoangeli, Denise Brunozzi, Davide Nasi, Lucia Di Somma, Elisa Moriconi, Roberto Colasanti, Maurizio Gladi, Massimo Scerrati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834825/independent-factors-of-changes-of-ankle-brachial-index-in-peripheral-arterial-occlusive-disease-in-elderly-patients-with-or-without-diabetes
#16
Ewelina Bąk, Czesław Marcisz, Monika Kadłubowska, Anna Michalik, Bożena Krawczyk, Dorota Dobrzyń-Matusiak, Sylwia Krzemińska, Tomasz Fiałkowski, Elżbieta Glądys, Agnieszka Drosdzol-Cop
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) belongs to the commonly-occurring pathologies associated with elderly age. A simple tool for defining the severity of PAD is the ankle-brachial index (ABI). The purpose of this research was to determine independent factors of changes of ABI in elderly patients with occlusive PAD disease (PAOD) with and without diabetes. The research was carried out on 49 elderly patients with PAOD, including 29 patients with type 2 diabetes, and 20 patients without diabetes. The concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6), E-selectin, fibrinogen, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in the blood serum was marked...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833060/enterovirus-71-genotype-c-isolated-in-peru-between-2006-and-2009
#17
Jose L Huaman, Gladys Carrion, Julia S Ampuero, Victor Ocaña, V Alberto Laguna-Torres, Robert D Hontz
Enterovirus-71 (EV71) was first isolated in California, United States in 1969, belongs to the genus Enterovirus, family Picornaviridae. Although infection normally causes mild, often undiagnosed illness, it can cause central nervous system infections that could turn fatal. Based on VP1 gene analysis, EV71 has been classified into six separate genotypes. Although the molecular epidemiology of EV71 has been well described via studies originating from Asia and Europe, it is mostly unknown in South America. From our study, four EV71 isolates from Peru were characterized using phylogenetic methods to determine their relationship with known reference strains...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818976/does-the-suction-drain-diameter-matter-bleeding-analysis-after-total-knee-replacement-comparing-different-suction-drain-gauges
#18
Marcos George de Souza Leao, Gladys Martins Pedroza Neta, Thiago Montenegro da Silva, Yacov Machado Costa Ferreira, Waryla Raissa Vasconcelos Dias
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate bleeding and the estimated blood loss in patients who underwent total knee replacement (TKR) with different closed suction drains (3.2-mm and 4.8-mm gauge). METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial with 22 patients who underwent TKR and were divided into two groups: Group I, with 11 patients in whom the 3.2-mm suction drain was used, and Group II, with 11 patients in whom the 4.8-mm suction drain was used. The hematocrit was measured after 24, 48 and 72 h after surgery in order to calculate the estimated blood loss...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818015/radiology-education-in-africa-analysis-of%C3%A2-results-from-13-african-countries
#19
Bhavya Rehani, Isaiah Brown, Shebani Dandekar, Benjamin Sarkodie, Gladys Mwango, Madan M Rehani, Lawrence Lau, Yi C Zhang, William P Dillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814757/factors-associated-with-good-tb-infection-control-practices-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-the-free-state-province-south-africa
#20
Michelle Engelbrecht, André Janse van Rensburg, Gladys Kigozi, Hcj Dingie van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of TB infection control guidelines, and good levels of healthcare worker knowledge about infection control, often these measures are not well implemented. This study sought to determine the factors associated with healthcare workers' good TB infection control practices in primary health care facilities in the Free State Province, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional self-administered survey among nurses (n = 202) and facility-based community healthcare workers (n = 34) as well as facility observations were undertaken at all 41 primary health care facilities in a selected district of the Free State Province...
November 4, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
101503
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"