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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811861/importance-of-distinguishing-between-mitochondrial-encephalomyopathy-with-elderly-onset-of-stroke-like-episodes-and-cerebral-infarction
#1
Syuichi Tetsuka, Asako Tagawa, Tomoko Ogawa, Mieko Otsuka, Ritsuo Hashimoto, Hiroyuki Kato
The most common disease-causing mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutation in mitochondrial encephalomyopathy (ME) with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is m.3243A>G. In the future, the incidence of patients with cerebral infarction and diabetes mellitus is expected to increase tremendously. Additionally, the A3243G mutation typical of diabetes is estimated to be present in approximately 2% of all diabetes patients, which suggests that the potential disease population with a mitochondrial disorder is greater than previously thought, and there may have been many cases among the elderly that were misdiagnosed...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781312/the-prehospital-predictors-of-tracheal-intubation-for-in-patients-who-experience-convulsive-seizures-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Kenichiro Sato, Noritoshi Arai, Aki Omori-Mitsue, Ayumi Hida, Akio Kimura, Sousuke Takeuchi
Objective To identify the prehospital factors predicting the performance of tracheal intubation (TI) at the emergency department (ED) in patients with convulsive seizure or epilepsy. Methods We performed a retrospective analysis of seizure patients who underwent TI at the ED soon after arrival. The clinical variables obtained in the prehospital setting were reviewed. Patients The study population included consecutive adult patients who were transported to an urban tertiary care ED due to convulsive seizure between August 2010 and September 2015...
August 15, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721058/clinical-patterns-and-outcomes-of-status-epilepticus-in-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#3
Hatem S Shehata, Hadeer Mahmoud AbdelGhaffar, Mohammed Nasreldin, Alaa Elmazny, Ahmed Abdelalim, Asmaa Sabbah, Nevin M Shalaby
INTRODUCTION: Refractory epilepsy is a common clinical manifestation in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), which can be complicated by many life-threatening conditions, such as status epilepticus (SE). However, very few reports mention the patterns and semiology of SE in those patients. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics and outcomes of SE in TSC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, prospective study was carried out on 36 Egyptian children with definite TSC...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390326/active-safety-monitoring-of-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine-in-the-national-immunisation-programme-of-sri-lanka
#4
K Sanchayan, R Fernandopulle, A Amarasinghe, S N Thiyahiny, S Sri Ranganathan
Objectives: This study was designed to report incidence and characteristics of selected adverse events following immunisation which have consistent causal association (AEFIc) with Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccination given at the age of one year in the National Immunisation Programme of Sri Lanka. Methods: The data presented here were obtained from a cohort event monitoring study. It was carried out in the Jaffna Regional Directorate of Health Services area from November 2012 to December 2014...
March 31, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384785/maternal-body-mass-index-in-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-epilepsy-in-offspring
#5
Neda Razaz, Kristina Tedroff, Eduardo Villamor, Sven Cnattingius
Importance: There is growing concern about the long-term neurologic effects of prenatal exposure to maternal overweight and obesity. The causes of epilepsy are poorly understood and, in more than 60% of the patients, no definitive cause can be determined. Objectives: To investigate the association between early pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the risk of childhood epilepsy and examine associations between obesity-related pregnancy and neonatal complications and risks of childhood epilepsy...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322166/glutamate-modulating-drugs-as-a-potential-therapeutic-strategy-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Zoya Marinova, De-Maw Chuang, Naomi Fineberg
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disease commonly associated with severe distress and impairment of social functioning. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors and/or cognitive behavioural therapy are the therapy of choice, however up to 40% of patients do not respond to treatment. Glutamatergic signalling has also been implicated in OCD. The aim of the current study was to review the clinical evidence for therapeutic utility of glutamate-modulating drugs as an augmentation or monotherapy in OCD patients...
March 20, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282553/challenges-in-the-treatment-of-convulsive-status-epilepticus
#7
REVIEW
Gaetano Zaccara, Gianfranco Giannasi, Roberto Oggioni, Eleonora Rosati, Luciana Tramacere, Pasquale Palumbo
Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is a medical emergency associated with high mortality and morbidity. The most recent definition of CSE is a convulsive seizure lasting more than 5min or consecutive seizures without recovery of consciousness. In adults, for the treatment of the early stages of CSE, diazepam, lorazepam or midazolam are the most common treatments, although the choice of agent seems less important than rapid treatment. Midazolam, when administered intramuscularly (best evidence), buccally, or nasally, is effective and safe in the pre-hospital setting...
April 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192737/a-systematic-review-of-yoga-for-major-depressive-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Holger Cramer, Dennis Anheyer, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to investigate the efficacy and safety of yoga interventions in treating patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were screened through December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga to inactive or active comparators in patients with major depressive disorder were eligible. Primary outcomes included remission rates and severity of depression. Anxiety and adverse events were secondary outcomes...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187796/management-of-status-epilepticus
#9
REVIEW
M Pichler, S Hocker
Status epilepticus is a neurologic and medical emergency manifested by prolonged seizure activity or multiple seizures without return to baseline. It is associated with substantial medical cost, morbidity, and mortality. There is a spectrum of severity dependent on the type of seizure, underlying pathology, comorbidities, and appropriate and timely medical management. This chapter discusses the evolving definitions of status epilepticus and multiple patient and clinical factors which influence outcome. The pathophysiology of status epilepticus is reviewed to provide a better understanding of the mechanisms which contribute to status epilepticus, as well as the potential long-term effects...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169132/electroencephalographic-characteristics-of-status-epilepticus-after-cardiac-arrest
#10
Sofia Backman, Erik Westhall, Irina Dragancea, Hans Friberg, Malin Rundgren, Susann Ullén, Tobias Cronberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe the electrophysiological characteristics and pathophysiological significance of electrographic status epilepticus (ESE) after cardiac arrest and specifically compare patients with unequivocal ESE to patients with rhythmic or periodic borderline patterns defined as possible ESE. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients treated with targeted temperature management and monitored with simplified continuous EEG. Patients with ESE were identified and electrographically characterised until 72h after ESE start using the standardised terminology of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society...
April 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057897/review-and-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-on-status-epilepticus
#11
REVIEW
E Lw Fung, B Bh Fung
Convulsive status epilepticus is the most extreme form of seizure. It is a medical and neurological emergency that requires prompt and appropriate treatment. Treatment of convulsive status epilepticus is usually divided into stages/steps. The International League Against Epilepsy has released a new definition of status epilepticus that may help to unify the definition in future studies. Over the last few years new information has become available regarding its management. The Rapid Anticonvulsant Medication Prior to Arrival Trial demonstrated non-inferiority of intramuscular midazolam in early status epilepticus compared with intravenous lorazepam...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958254/parental-beliefs-and-practices-regarding-childhood-fever-in-turkish-primary-care
#12
E Yavuz, E Yayla, S E Cebeci, E Kırımlı, R Ş Gümüştakım, L Çakır, S Doğan
BACKGROUND: Fever is a very common problem in pediatric age and is one of the most common reasons parents seek medical attention. We aimed to investigate beliefs, habits, and concerns of Turkish parents regarding their children's fever. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey which was conducted as face-to-face interviews by family physicians from April to June 2014 in family healthcare centers in nine different cities in Turkey. Parents with a child with fever aged between 0 and 14 years were interviewed...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903416/post-licensure-phase-iv-safety-study-of-a-live-attenuated-japanese-encephalitis-recombinant-vaccine-in-children-in-thailand
#13
Tawee Chotpitayasunondh, Pornpimol Pruekprasert, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Auchara Tangsathapornpong, Peninnah Oberdorfer, Pope Kosalaraksa, Olarn Prommalikit, Suwimon Tangkittithaworn, Phirangkul Kerdpanich, Chonnamet Techasaensiri, Joanna Korejwo, Sunate Chuenkitmongkol, Guy Houillon
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease endemic in most countries in Asia. A recombinant live, attenuated Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine, JE-CV, is licensed in 14 countries, including Thailand, for the prevention of Japanese encephalitis in adults and children. METHODS: This was a prospective, phase IV, open-label, multicentre, safety study of JE-CV conducted from November 2013 to April 2015, to evaluate rare serious adverse events (AEs)...
January 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754180/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#14
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719851/psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-eeg-and-investigation
#15
REVIEW
R Duncan
In the investigation of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), the main differential diagnoses are between convulsive PNES and tonic-clonic seizures, between swoon PNES and syncope, and between pseudoabsence PNES and absence seizures. For the best diagnostic certainty, events must be captured, ideally using video-electroencephalogram (EEG), including an electrocardiographic channel. The "video" part of video-EEG allows EEG changes (or lack of them) to be interpreted in the appropriate clinical context. When the diagnosis is based on less good data (e...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697136/childhood-depressive-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Rikke Thaarup Wesselhöft
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a frequent and painful mental disorder considered among the five leading causes of disability in Western countries by the World Health Organization. MDD occurs at all ages, but childhood onset MDD has a more severe course with longer depressive episodes, more suicidality, and more frequent hospitalization, than later onset MDD. Childhood seems to be a window of opportunity for prevention of mental disorders, and subsequently prevention of MDD onset in childhood is recommended...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643137/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#17
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598501/-creutzfeldt-jakob-disease-report-of-one-case
#18
Marcos Ramírez, Andrés Gallardo, Aarón Vidal, Sebastián Cornejo, Darío Ramírez, Danilo Medinas, Gonzalo Bustamante, Renzo Pasquali, Claudio Hetz
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has a higher incidence in Chile than in other countries. The post mortem pathological characterization of brain tissue is necessary to reach a definitive diagnosis. We report a 73 years old man with a history compatible with of a rapidly progressive dementia, in which the first electroencephalographic study showed a pattern consistent with non-convulsive status epilepticus. Besides discarding this diagnosis, it was necessary to rule out other causes of rapidly progressive dementia such as Hashimoto encephalopathy...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377337/the-rhizome-of-gastrodia-elata-blume-an-ethnopharmacological-review
#19
REVIEW
Hong-Dan Zhan, Hai-Yu Zhou, Yun-Peng Sui, Xin-Liang Du, Wei-Hao Wang, Li Dai, Feng Sui, Hai-Ru Huo, Ting-Liang Jiang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gastrodia elata Blume (Orchidaceae) is commonly called Tian ma in Chinese and mainly distributed in the mountainous areas of eastern Asia, such as China, Korea, Japan and India. It is an extensively used traditional Chinese herbal medicine in the clinical practice of traditional Chinese medicine, to treat headache, migraine, dizziness, epilepsy, infantile convulsion, tetany and so on. The present paper reviews the advancements in investigation of botany and ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and quality control of Gastrodia elata Blume...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998986/-management-of-pediatric-status-epilepticus
#20
REVIEW
Carmen Paz Vargas L, Ximena Varela E, Karin Kleinsteuber S, Rocío Cortés Z, María de Los Ángeles Avaria B
Pediatric Status Epilepticus (SE) is an emergency situation with high morbidity and mortality that requires early and aggressive management. The minimum time criterion to define SE was reduced from 30 to 5 minutes, defined as continuous seizure activity or rapidly recurrent seizures without resumption of consciousness for more than 5 minutes. This definition considers that seizures that persist for > 5 minutes are likely to do so for more than 30 min. Those that persist for more than 30 minutes are more difficult to treat...
January 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
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