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Polymorphism and renal function

Luis Sala-Icardo, Amalia Lamana, Ana María Ortiz, Elena García Lorenzo, Pablo Moreno Fresneda, Rosario García-Vicuña, Isidoro González-Álvaro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with well-known functional impact of methylenetetrahydrofolatereductase (MTHFR; rs1801131 and rs1801133), the membrane transporter ABCB1 (rs1045642), the AICAR transformylase/IMP cyclohydrolase (ATIC; rs2372536) and folyl-polyglutamatesynthetase (FPGS; rs1544105), on liver and bone marrow toxicity of methotrexate (MTX). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 1415 visits from 350 patients of the PEARL (Princesa Early Arthritis Register Longitudinal) study: (732 with MTX, 683 without MTX)...
October 14, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
Maria Rossing, Anders Albrechtsen, Anne-Bine Skytte, Uffe B Jensen, Lilian B Ousager, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Finn C Nielsen, Thomas vO Hansen
Pathogenic germline mutations in the folliculin (FLCN) tumor suppressor gene predispose to Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome, a rare disease characterized by the development of cutaneous hamartomas (fibrofolliculomas), multiple lung cysts, spontaneous pneumothoraces and renal cell cancer. In this study, we report the identification of 13 variants and three polymorphisms in the FLCN gene in 143 Danish patients or families with suspected BHD syndrome. Functional mini-gene splicing analysis revealed that two intronic variants (c...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
Afshin Parsa, Peter A Kanetsky, Rui Xiao, Jayanta Gupta, Nandita Mitra, Sophie Limou, Dawei Xie, Huichun Xu, Amanda Hyre Anderson, Akinlolu Ojo, John W Kusek, Claudia M Lora, L Lee Hamm, Jiang He, Niina Sandholm, Janina Jeff, Dominic E Raj, Carsten A Böger, Erwin Bottinger, Shabnam Salimi, Rulan S Parekh, Sharon G Adler, Carl D Langefeld, Donald W Bowden, Per-Henrik Groop, Carol Forsblom, Barry I Freedman, Michael Lipkowitz, Caroline S Fox, Cheryl A Winkler, Harold I Feldman
The rate of decline of renal function varies significantly among individuals with CKD. To understand better the contribution of genetics to CKD progression, we performed a genome-wide association study among participants in the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Study. Our outcome of interest was CKD progression measured as change in eGFR over time among 1331 blacks and 1476 whites with CKD. We stratified all analyses by race and subsequently, diabetes status. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that surpassed a significance threshold of P<1×10(-6) for association with eGFR slope were selected as candidates for follow-up and secondarily tested for association with proteinuria and time to ESRD...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Toshihide Higashino, Hirotaka Matsuo, Masayuki Sakiyama, Akiyoshi Nakayama, Takahiro Nakamura, Tappei Takada, Hiraku Ogata, Yusuke Kawamura, Makoto Kawaguchi, Mariko Naito, Sayo Kawai, Yuzo Takada, Hiroshi Ooyama, Hiroshi Suzuki, Nariyoshi Shinomiya
PDZ domain containing 1 (PDZK1) is a scaffold protein that organizes a transportsome and regulates several transporters' functions including urate and drug transporters. Therefore, PDZK1 in renal proximal tubules may affect serum uric acid levels through PDZK1-binding renal urate transporters. Two previous studies in Japanese male population reported that a PDZK1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs12129861, was not associated with gout. In the present study, we performed a further association analysis between gout and rs12129861 in a different large-scale Japanese male population and a meta-analysis with previous Japanese population studies...
July 30, 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
R E Jepson, H R Warren, H M Syme, J Elliott, P B Munroe
OBJECTIVES: In humans, genome-wide association studies have identified variants in the uromodulin gene (UMOD) associated with blood pressure and renal function. This study aimed to evaluate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms at the UMOD locus with renal function and blood pressure in cats. METHODS: We retrospectively identified cats aged 14 years that had participated in a geriatric monitoring program, and from which stored DNA samples were available, from a computerised database...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Y-M Zhang, X-J Zhou, F-J Cheng, Y-Y Qi, P Hou, M-H Zhao, H Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Polymorphisms of IKAROS family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1) have been found to be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). The aim of the current study was to investigate the association between IKZF1 functional variants and lupus nephritis (LN) in a northern Han Chinese population and analyse their relationship with clinical and pathological phenotypes in LN. METHOD: The association between IKZF1 functional variants and LN was analysed for the lead variant rs1456896 with both GWAS and expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) top hits in 500 LN patients and 500 healthy controls...
August 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
M N Drehmer, D Andrade, I A Pereira, A R Marrero, Y C N Muniz, I R de Souza, S E Löfgren
BACKGROUND: Estrogens have a modulatory effect on several immune responses, many of which are correlated to autoimmune diseases. Estrogens act through binding to their receptors, and an overexpression of these receptors has been identified in patients with different autoimmune diseases. Here we analyzed the association of a putative functional genetic variant in the main estrogen receptor (ERα) gene (ESR1), and the susceptibility to clinical findings and severity of SLE. METHODS: A total of 426 individuals (266 healthy controls and 160 SLE patients) were genotyped for the polymorphism rs2234693 in the ESR1 gene...
September 27, 2016: Lupus
Kai Chang, Zhongyong Jiang, Chenxia Liu, Junlong Ren, Ting Wang, Jie Xiong
In recent years, the genetic factor has become one of the important predisposing factors of nephropathy susceptibility. There is a high incidence of nephropathy in CCVd. The CYP2C19 enzyme metabolizes most the drugs, including proton pump inhibitors commonly used medicines to treat CCVd, CYP2C19 genetic polymorphisms is association with multi-pathogenesis factors of nephropathy. The purpose of the study is to reveal the association between CYP2C19 genotype and the susceptibility of nephropathy in the CCVd patients...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mayukh Banerjee, Vanessa Marensi, Gwenaëlle Conseil, X Chris Le, Susan P C Cole, Elaine M Leslie
Broad inter-individual variation exists in susceptibility to arsenic-induced tumours, likely involving differences in the ability of individuals to eliminate this metalloid. We recently identified human multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4/ABCC4) as a novel pathway for the cellular export of dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)), the major urinary arsenic metabolite in humans, and the diglutathione conjugate of the highly toxic monomethylarsonous acid [MMA(GS)2]. These findings, together with the basolateral and apical membrane localization of MRP4 in hepatocytes and renal proximal tubule cells, respectively, suggest a role for MRP4 in the urinary elimination of hepatic arsenic metabolites...
September 19, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Zhanna Kobalava
The burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in general and heart failure (HF) in particular continues to increase worldwide. CVD are major contributors to death and morbidity and recognized as important drivers of healthcare expenditure. Chronic overactivity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in human hypertension and HF pathophysiology. RAAS is fundamental in the overall regulation of cardiovascular homeostasis through the actions of hormones, which regulate vascular tone, and specifically blood pressure through vasoconstriction and renal sodium and water retention...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Stephen Harrap
Genetic discovery in blood pressure is generally referenced in relation to protein-coding genes, despite the fact that genes less than 2% of the genome. Recent exploration of the DNA sequences between genes, once called "junk" DNA, has revealed a wealth of transcripts for RNA species that do not encode protein. These non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have emerged as dynamic managers of the business of the genome, able to coordinate the expression of genes in time and space to achieve the complexities of normal development and growth...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
James P Corsetti, Ron T Gansevoort, Stephan J L Bakker, Robin P F Dullaart
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a component of all major lipoprotein classes with multiple functions including clearance of circulating triglyceride-rich lipoprotein particles and hepatic production of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein, thus affording several avenues for apoE involvement in atherosclerosis development. ApoE has 3 isoforms (E2, E3, and E4) based on a common genetic polymorphism. Numerous studies have been performed assessing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk relative to the 6 resulting genotypes; however, surprisingly, few studies have been performed assessing risk attributable to apoE plasma levels either alone or in addition also taking into account apoE genotypes...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Saoussen M'dimegh, Asma Omezzine, Mériam Ben Hamida-Rebai, Cécile Aquaviva-Bourdain, Ibtihel M'barek, Wissal Sahtout, Dorsaf Zellama, Geneviéve Souche, Abdellatif Achour, Saoussen Abroug, Ali Bouslama
Primary hyperoxaluria is a genetic disorder in glyoxylate metabolism that leads to systemic overproduction of oxalate. Functional deficiency of alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase in this disease leads to recurrent nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis, systemic oxalosis, and kidney failure. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular etiology of kidney transplant loss in a young Tunisian individual. We present a young man with end-stage renal disease who received a kidney allograft and experienced early graft failure...
August 25, 2016: Transplant Immunology
Mariusz Kaczmarczyk, Beata Loniewska, Anna Kuprjanowicz, Agnieszka Binczak-Kuleta, Iwona Goracy, Malgorzata Ryder, Olga Taryma-Lesniak, Andrzej Ciechanowicz
BACKGROUND: Abnormal congenital nephron number has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and renal disease. The RET receptor complex propagates signals essential for nephrogenesis and the RET c.1296G>A polymorphism, leading to aberrant splicing of exon 7, is associated with reduced kidney volume, a surrogate for nephron endowment. The glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family receptor alpha 1 (GFRA1) is a component of the RET receptor complex, and three alternatively spliced GFRA1 transcripts (with or without exon 5) have been identified...
October 2016: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Hideharu Tomita, Takuya Araki, Toshiaki Kadokami, Satoshi Yamada, Ryo Nakamura, Yoshihiro Imamura, Takaya Fukuyama, Daisuke Nagano, Tomoya Hashimoto, Akiko Uematsu, Kazuya Hosokawa, Koujirou Yamamoto, Shin-Ichiro Ueda, Shin-Ichi Ando
INTRODUCTION: Dabigatran etexilate, a direct oral anti-coagulation agent, is used in the prevention of thromboembolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, for reasons that are not fully understood, plasma dabigatran etexilate concentrations (PDC) vary significantly among patients. METHODS: We measured trough and 90min PDC in 98 patients with NVAF. To elucidate the cause of variations in PDC, we determined correlations between PDC and various factors including renal function, co-administration of a P-glycoprotein inhibitor, and the effects of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the P-glycoprotein intestinal efflux transporter...
September 2016: Thrombosis Research
Eman A Toraih, Manal S Fawz, Mona G Elgazzaz, Mohammad H Hussein, Rasha H Shehata, Hisham G Daoud
MicroRNAs, a novel class of small noncoding RNAs, are key players in many cellular processes, including cell proliferation, differentiation, invasion and regeneration. Tissue and circulatory microRNAs could serve as useful clinical biomarkers and deregulated expression levels have been observed in various cancers. Gene variants may alter microRNA processing and maturation. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association of MIR196a2 rs11614913 (C/T), MIR499a rs3746444 (A/G) polymorphisms and their combination with cancer susceptibility in an Egyptian population...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Armando Luis Negri
Renal tubular calcium reabsorption is one of the principal factors that determine serum calcium concentration and calcium excretion. Calcium excretion is regulated by the distal convoluted tubule and connecting tubule, where the epithelial calcium channel TRPV5 can be found, which limits the rate of transcellular calcium transport. The dynamic presence of the TRPV5 channel on the surface of the tubular cell is mediated by an endosomal recycling process. Different intrarenal factors are involved in calcium channel fixation in the apical membrane, including the anti-ageing hormone klotho and tissue kallikrein (TK)...
July 25, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
L X Ye, C W Fu, F Jiang, W Meng
OBJECTIVE: To understand the association between IKZF3 gene polymorphism and the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)in Han ethnic group in southern China. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 213 SLE patients and 234 healthy controls. Venous blood samples were collected from them to measure single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)in IKZF3 by using the method of restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP). Multivariate logistic analysis and generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction(GMDR)method were used under multiple genetic models(additive, dominant, recessive), to analyze the association between IKZF3 and SLE susceptibility or different clinical features and gene-gene interactions...
July 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Wei Wang, Guisen Li, Daqing Hong, Yurong Zou, Deng Fei, Li Wang
AIM: Meta-analysis of data from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as strong predictors of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). To replicate the association of these 7 SNPs and understand whether they influence the clinical characteristics of IgAN, a case-control study including 521 IgAN patients and 535 controls was conducted in a Western Han cohort. METHODS: Data were analyzed using logistic regression and multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR)...
July 23, 2016: Nephrology
Su Chi Lim, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Xiao Zhang, Ling Wang, Su Fen Ang, Clara Si Hua Tan, Lee Ying Yeoh, Xiao Wei Ng, Na Li, Chang Su, Sylvia Liu, Melvin D S Wong, Kiat Mun Serena Low, Amy Ou Yao, Jeevith Babitha, Sharon Fun, Shiyi Zhou, Simon Biing Ming Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Subramaniam Tavintharan, Chee Fang Sum, Jian-Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) has been shown to play an important role in diabetic complications. We conducted genome-wide association study (GWAS) of sRAGE in Asian type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patient and validated the association in an independent cohort of T2DM. METHODS: GWAS for sRAGE was performed in 2058 T2DM patients. Associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and plasma sRAGE level were analyzed in an additive model using a linear mixed model...
July 21, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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