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Polymorphism and renal function

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219128/-correlation-between-polymorphism-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-gene-and-the-lower-extremity-atherosclerosis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#1
Y Wang, T H Zhu, J W Tong, J F Wei, J X Sheng, X P Jin, L H Mu, X Chen
Objective: To explore the correlation between polymorphism of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene and lower extremity atherosclerosis (LEA) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Methods: A total of 380 patients diagnosed with T2DM in Department of Endocrinology from June 2015 to March 2016 were enrolled and divided into two groups: group A had no LEA (n=120) and group B had LEA(n=260). Color doppler ultrasound was used to detect the vascular lesions of the patients. For all patients in groups A and B, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was applied to determined the insertion/deletion polymorphism in intron 16 of the ACE gene of the patients...
February 14, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196047/a-time-dependent-model-describes-methotrexate-elimination-and-supports-dynamic-modification-of-mrp2-abcc2-activity
#2
Jean-Baptiste Woillard, Jean Debord, Isabelle Benz-de-Bretagne, Franck Saint-Marcoux, Pascal Turlure, Stéphane Girault, Julie Abraham, Sylvain Choquet, Pierre Marquet, Chantal Barin-Le Guellec
BACKGROUND: MRP2/ABCC2, an efflux transporter expressed at the proximal renal tubule, is rate limiting for urine excretion of coproporphyrin (UCP) isomers I and III, translating in high UCP (I/(I+III)) ratio in MRP2-deficient patients presenting with the Dubin-Johnson Syndrome. MRP2 is also a major contributor to methotrexate (MTX) clearance. As MTX is both a substrate and an inhibitor of MRP2, time course of the concentrations of MTX in blood could induce functional modification of MRP2 over time, which in turn can modify its own elimination rate...
February 11, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117391/functional-ptgs2-polymorphism-based-models-as-novel-predictive-markers-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-patients-receiving-first-line-sunitinib
#3
Arancha Cebrián, Teresa Gómez Del Pulgar, María José Méndez-Vidal, María Luisa Gonzálvez, Nuria Lainez, Daniel Castellano, Iciar García-Carbonero, Emilio Esteban, Maria Isabel Sáez, Rosa Villatoro, Cristina Suárez, Alfredo Carrato, Javier Munárriz-Ferrándiz, Laura Basterrechea, Mirta García-Alonso, José Luis González-Larriba, Begoña Perez-Valderrama, Josefina Cruz-Jurado, Aránzazu González Del Alba, Fernando Moreno, Gaspar Reynés, María Rodríguez-Remírez, Valentina Boni, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernández, Yolanda Martin, Andrea Viqueira, Jesús García-Foncillas
Sunitinib is the currently standard treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Multiple candidate predictive biomarkers for sunitinib response have been evaluated but none of them has been implemented in the clinic yet. The aim of this study was to analyze single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes linked to mode of action of sunitinib and immune response as biomarkers for mRCC. This is a multicenter, prospective and observational study involving 20 hospitals. Seventy-five mRCC patients treated with sunitinib as first line were used to assess the impact of 63 SNPs in 31 candidate genes on clinical outcome...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111348/xenobiotic-transporters-and-kidney-injury
#4
REVIEW
Blessy George, Dahea You, Melanie S Joy, Lauren M Aleksunes
Renal proximal tubules are targets for toxicity due in part to the expression of transporters that mediate the secretion and reabsorption of xenobiotics. Alterations in transporter expression and/or function can enhance the accumulation of toxicants and sensitize the kidneys to injury. This can be observed when xenobiotic uptake by carrier proteins is increased or efflux of toxicants and their metabolites is reduced. Nephrotoxic chemicals include environmental contaminants (halogenated hydrocarbon solvents, the herbicide paraquat, the fungal toxin ochratoxin, and heavy metals) as well as pharmaceuticals (certain beta-lactam antibiotics, antiviral drugs, and chemotherapeutic drugs)...
January 20, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097805/complement-polymorphisms-in-kidney-transplantation-critical-in-graft-rejection
#5
REVIEW
L A Michielsen, A D van Zuilen, I S Muskens, M C Verhaar, H G Otten
The complement system, as part of the innate immune system, plays an important role in renal transplantation. Complement is involved in the protection against foreign organisms and clearance of apoptotic cells but can also cause injury to the renal allograft, for instance, via antibody binding or in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Numerous polymorphisms in complement factors have been identified thus far; some of them result in different functionalities or alter complement levels. In this review, we provide an overview of the literature on the role of complement polymorphisms in renal transplantation...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087255/unknown-face-of-known-drugs-what-else-can-we-expect-from-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors
#6
REVIEW
Anna Wzgarda, Robert Kleszcz, Monika Prokop, Katarzyna Regulska, Milosz Regulski, Jaroslaw Paluszczak, Beata J Stanisz
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is one of important systems among homeostatic mechanisms that control the function of cardiovascular, renal and adrenal systems. As RAS has a very complex nature, it has been also found as related to the control of cell migration and apoptosis. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are drugs most commonly used in the modulation of RAS activity. ACEI have been extensively described as effective in the treatment of hypertension among adults, but also as drugs delaying progression in diabetic nephropathy and reducing mortality in left ventricular dysfunction and congestive heart failure...
January 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065763/the-kidd-jk-blood-group-system
#7
REVIEW
Shaun Lawicki, Randal B Covin, Amy A Powers
The Kidd blood group system was discovered in 1951 and is composed of 2 antithetical antigens, Jk(a) and Jk(b), along with a third high-incidence antigen, Jk3. The Jk3 antigen is expressed in all individuals except those with the rare Kidd-null phenotype. Four Kidd phenotypes are therefore possible: Jk(a+b-), Jk(a-b+), Jk(a+b+), and Jk(a-b-). The glycoprotein carrying the Kidd antigens is a 43-kDa, 389-amino acid protein with 10 membrane-spanning domains which functions as a urea transporter on endothelial cells of the renal vasa recta as well as erythrocytes...
November 9, 2016: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059470/levels-of-heavy-metals-and-their-binding-protein-metallothionein-in-type-2-diabetics-with-kidney-disease
#8
Martina Raudenska, Veronika Dvorakova, Lukas Pacal, Katarina Chalasova, Monika Kratochvilova, Jaromir Gumulec, Branislav Ruttkay-Nedecky, Ondrej Zitka, Katerina Kankova, Vojtech Adam, Michal Masarik
Hyperglycemia, a major metabolic disturbance present in diabetes, promotes oxidative stress. Activation of antioxidant defense is an important mechanism to prevent cell damage. Levels of heavy metals and their binding proteins can contribute to oxidative stress. Antiradical capacity and levels of metallothionein (MT), metals (zinc and copper), and selected antioxidants (bilirubin, cysteine, and glutathione) were determined in 70 type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects and 80 healthy subjects of Caucasian origin...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050888/a-new-cyp3a5-3-and-cyp3a4-22-cluster-influencing-tacrolimus-target-concentrations-a-population-approach
#9
Franc Andreu, Helena Colom, Laure Elens, Teun van Gelder, Ronald H N van Schaik, Dennis A Hesselink, Oriol Bestard, Joan Torras, Josep M Cruzado, Josep M Grinyó, Nuria Lloberas
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the CYP3A5 and CYP3A4 genes have been reported to be an important cause of variability in the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus in renal transplant patients. The aim of this study was to merge all of the new genetic information available with tacrolimus pharmacokinetics to generate a more robust population model with data from renal transplant recipients. METHODS: Tacrolimus exposure data from 304 renal transplant recipients were collected throughout the first year after transplantation and were simultaneously analyzed with a population pharmacokinetic approach using NONMEM(®) version 7...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999513/choosing-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-practical-considerations-we-need-to-know
#10
REVIEW
Alpesh Amin
BACKGROUND: Warfarin is a well-established agent for use in the prevention of stroke or systemic embolic event (SEE) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and for the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, management of patients requiring oral anticoagulation with warfarin can be complicated by the need for frequent monitoring, drug-drug and drug-food interactions, and a variable response based on genetic polymorphisms. The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were developed as alternatives to warfarin; they do not require routine monitoring and have predictable pharmacokinetics, fewer drug-drug interactions, and limited drug-food interactions...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988909/estimation-of-the-relationship-between-the-polymorphisms-of-selected-genes-ace-agtr1-tgf%C3%AE-1-and-gnb3-with-the-occurrence-of-primary-vesicoureteral-reflux
#11
Marcin Życzkowski, Joanna Żywiec, Krzysztof Nowakowski, Andrzej Paradysz, Władyslaw Grzeszczak, Janusz Gumprecht
PURPOSE: Etiopathogenesis of VUR is composite and not fully understood. Many data indicate the importance of genetic predisposition. The aim of this study was to establish the relationship of selected polymorphisms: 14094 polymorphism of the ACE, polymorphism rs1800469 of TGFβ-1, rs5443 gene polymorphism of the GNB3 and receptor gene polymorphism rs5186 type 1 AGTR1 with the occurrence of the primary vesicoureteral reflux. MATERIAL: The study included 190 children: 90 with the primary VUR confirmed with the voiding cystourethrogram and excluded secondary VUR and a control group of 100 children without a history of the diseases of the genitourinary tract...
December 17, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976731/genetic-variation-in-igf1-predicts-renal-cell-carcinoma-susceptibility-and-prognosis-in-chinese-population
#12
Qiang Cao, Chao Liang, Jianxin Xue, Pu Li, Jie Li, Meilin Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Chao Qin, Qiang Lu, Lixin Hua, Pengfei Shao, Zengjun Wang
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) play an important role in the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We evaluated the association of functional polymorphisms in IGF1 and IGFBP3 with susceptibility and prognosis of RCC. We genotyped nine potentially functional polymorphisms in IGF1 and IGFBP3 and assessed their association with risk of RCC in a two-stage case-control study compromising 1027 cases and 1094 controls, and with prognosis in a cohort of 311 patients...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956582/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-insertion-deletion-gene-polymorphism-in-egyptian-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-possible-relation-to-proliferative-nephritis
#13
A Hammad, S Yahia, W Laimon, S M Hamed, A Shouma, N M Shalaby, D Abdel-Hady, R Ghanem, R M El-Farahaty, S R El-Bassiony, E M Hammad
INTRODUCTION: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is crucial in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus through angiotensin II which regulates vascular tone and endothelial functions. OBJECTIVES: To study the frequency of ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) gene polymorphism in Egyptian children with systemic lupus erythematosus and its possible relation to the renal pathology in cases with lupus nephritis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The frequency of ACE gene insertion/deletion polymorphism genotypes was determined in 78 Egyptian children with systemic lupus erythematosus and compared to a matched group of 140 healthy controls using polymerase chain reaction...
December 12, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927781/genetic-variants-associated-with-circulating-parathyroid-hormone
#14
Cassianne Robinson-Cohen, Pamela L Lutsey, Marcus E Kleber, Carrie M Nielson, Braxton D Mitchell, Joshua C Bis, Karen M Eny, Laura Portas, Joel Eriksson, Mattias Lorentzon, Daniel L Koller, Yuri Milaneschi, Alexander Teumer, Stefan Pilz, Maria Nethander, Elizabeth Selvin, Weihong Tang, Lu-Chen Weng, Hoi Suen Wong, Dongbing Lai, Munro Peacock, Anke Hannemann, Uwe Völker, Georg Homuth, Matthias Nauk, Federico Murgia, Jack W Pattee, Eric Orwoll, Joseph M Zmuda, Jose Antonio Riancho, Myles Wolf, Frances Williams, Brenda Penninx, Michael J Econs, Kathleen A Ryan, Claes Ohlsson, Andrew D Paterson, Bruce M Psaty, David S Siscovick, Jerome I Rotter, Mario Pirastu, Elizabeth Streeten, Winfried März, Caroline Fox, Josef Coresh, Henri Wallaschofski, James S Pankow, Ian H de Boer, Bryan Kestenbaum
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) is a primary calcium regulatory hormone. Elevated serum PTH concentrations in primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism have been associated with bone disease, hypertension, and in some studies, cardiovascular mortality. Genetic causes of variation in circulating PTH concentrations are incompletely understood. We performed a genome-wide association study of serum PTH concentrations among 29,155 participants of European ancestry from 13 cohort studies (n=22,653 and n=6502 in discovery and replication analyses, respectively)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920155/sos2-and-acp1-loci-identified-through-large-scale-exome-chip-analysis-regulate-kidney-development-and-function
#15
Man Li, Yong Li, Olivia Weeks, Vladan Mijatovic, Alexander Teumer, Jennifer E Huffman, Gerard Tromp, Christian Fuchsberger, Mathias Gorski, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Teresa Nutile, Sanaz Sedaghat, Rossella Sorice, Adrienne Tin, Qiong Yang, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Dan E Arking, Nathan A Bihlmeyer, Carsten A Böger, Robert J Carroll, Daniel I Chasman, Marilyn C Cornelis, Abbas Dehghan, Jessica D Faul, Mary F Feitosa, Giovanni Gambaro, Paolo Gasparini, Franco Giulianini, Iris Heid, Jinyan Huang, Medea Imboden, Anne U Jackson, Janina Jeff, Min A Jhun, Ronit Katz, Annette Kifley, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Ashish Kumar, Markku Laakso, Ruifang Li-Gao, Kurt Lohman, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Giovanni Malerba, Evelin Mihailov, Karen L Mohlke, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Antonietta Robino, Douglas Ruderfer, Erika Salvi, Ursula M Schick, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Albert V Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Michela Traglia, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Wei Zhao, Mark O Goodarzi, Aldi T Kraja, Chunyu Liu, Jennifer Wessel, Eric Boerwinkle, Ingrid B Borecki, Jette Bork-Jensen, Erwin P Bottinger, Daniele Braga, Ivan Brandslund, Jennifer A Brody, Archie Campbell, David J Carey, Cramer Christensen, Josef Coresh, Errol Crook, Gary C Curhan, Daniele Cusi, Ian H de Boer, Aiko P J de Vries, Joshua C Denny, Olivier Devuyst, Albert W Dreisbach, Karlhans Endlich, Tõnu Esko, Oscar H Franco, Tibor Fulop, Glenn S Gerhard, Charlotte Glümer, Omri Gottesman, Niels Grarup, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris, Caroline Hayward, Lynne Hocking, Albert Hofman, Frank B Hu, Lise Lotte N Husemoen, Rebecca D Jackson, Torben Jørgensen, Marit E Jørgensen, Mika Kähönen, Sharon L R Kardia, Wolfgang König, Charles Kooperberg, Jennifer Kriebel, Lenore J Launer, Torsten Lauritzen, Terho Lehtimäki, Daniel Levy, Pamela Linksted, Allan Linneberg, Yongmei Liu, Ruth J F Loos, Antonio Lupo, Christine Meisinger, Olle Melander, Andres Metspalu, Paul Mitchell, Matthias Nauck, Peter Nürnberg, Marju Orho-Melander, Afshin Parsa, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Ozren Polasek, David Porteous, Nicole M Probst-Hensch, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Olli T Raitakari, Alex P Reiner, Rainer Rettig, Paul M Ridker, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jacques E Rossouw, Frank Schmidt, David Siscovick, Nicole Soranzo, Konstantin Strauch, Daniela Toniolo, Stephen T Turner, André G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Dinesh Velayutham, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Melanie Waldenberger, Jie Jin Wang, David R Weir, Daniel Witte, Helena Kuivaniemi, Caroline S Fox, Nora Franceschini, Wolfram Goessling, Anna Köttgen, Audrey Y Chu
Genome-wide association studies have identified >50 common variants associated with kidney function, but these variants do not fully explain the variation in eGFR. We performed a two-stage meta-analysis of associations between genotypes from the Illumina exome array and eGFR on the basis of serum creatinine (eGFRcrea) among participants of European ancestry from the CKDGen Consortium (nStage1: 111,666; nStage2: 48,343). In single-variant analyses, we identified single nucleotide polymorphisms at seven new loci associated with eGFRcrea (PPM1J, EDEM3, ACP1, SPEG, EYA4, CYP1A1, and ATXN2L; PStage1<3...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915449/common-variants-in-cldn14-are-associated-with-differential-excretion-of-magnesium-over-calcium-in-urine
#16
REVIEW
Tanguy Corre, Eric Olinger, Sarah E Harris, Michela Traglia, Sheila Ulivi, Stefania Lenarduzzi, Hendrica Belge, Sonia Youhanna, Natsuko Tokonami, Olivier Bonny, Pascal Houillier, Ozren Polasek, Ian J Deary, John M Starr, Daniela Toniolo, Paolo Gasparini, Peter Vollenweider, Caroline Hayward, Murielle Bochud, Olivier Devuyst
The nature and importance of genetic factors regulating the differential handling of Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) by the renal tubule in the general population are poorly defined. We conducted a genome-wide meta-analysis of urinary magnesium-to-calcium ratio to identify associated common genetic variants. We included 9320 adults of European descent from four genetic isolates and three urban cohorts. Urinary magnesium and calcium concentrations were measured centrally in spot urine, and each study conducted linear regression analysis of urinary magnesium-to-calcium ratio on ~2...
January 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913276/association-of-genetic-polymorphisms-of-angiopoietin-like-4-with-severity-of-posttransplant-proteinuria-in-kidney-allograft-recipients
#17
Youngil Chang, Tariq Shah, Jaewook Yang, David I Min
BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is a hallmark of glomerular injury, and persistent proteinuria is associated with graft failure in kidney transplant patients. Recently, it is known that the level of circulating angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is elevated in the patients with human nephrotic syndrome, in which ANGPTL4 is responsible for relieving proteinuria. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine effects of clinical factors and genetic polymorphism of ANGPTL4 on proteinuria after kidney transplantation...
February 2017: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899376/gwas-of-clinically-defined-gout-and-subtypes-identifies-multiple-susceptibility-loci-that-include-urate-transporter-genes
#18
Akiyoshi Nakayama, Hirofumi Nakaoka, Ken Yamamoto, Masayuki Sakiyama, Amara Shaukat, Yu Toyoda, Yukinori Okada, Yoichiro Kamatani, Takahiro Nakamura, Tappei Takada, Katsuhisa Inoue, Tomoya Yasujima, Hiroaki Yuasa, Yuko Shirahama, Hiroshi Nakashima, Seiko Shimizu, Toshihide Higashino, Yusuke Kawamura, Hiraku Ogata, Makoto Kawaguchi, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Inaho Danjoh, Atsumi Tokumasu, Keiko Ooyama, Toshimitsu Ito, Takaaki Kondo, Kenji Wakai, Blanka Stiburkova, Karel Pavelka, Lisa K Stamp, Nicola Dalbeth, Yutaka Sakurai, Hiroshi Suzuki, Makoto Hosoyamada, Shin Fujimori, Takashi Yokoo, Tatsuo Hosoya, Ituro Inoue, Atsushi Takahashi, Michiaki Kubo, Hiroshi Ooyama, Toru Shimizu, Kimiyoshi Ichida, Nariyoshi Shinomiya, Tony R Merriman, Hirotaka Matsuo
OBJECTIVE: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of gout and its subtypes was performed to identify novel gout loci, including those that are subtype-specific. METHODS: Putative causal association signals from a GWAS of 945 clinically defined gout cases and 1213 controls from Japanese males were replicated with 1396 cases and 1268 controls using a custom chip of 1961 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We also first conducted GWASs of gout subtypes. Replication with Caucasian and New Zealand Polynesian samples was done to further validate the loci identified in this study...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893184/ecg-alterations-associated-with-psychotropic-drug-use-and-cacna1c-gene-variants-in-three-independent-samples
#19
Chiara Fabbri, Giuseppe Boriani, Igor Diemberger, Maria Giulia Filippi, Gloria Ravegnini, Patrizia Hrelia, Alessandro Minarini, Diego Albani, Gianluigi Forloni, Sabrina Angelini, Alessandro Serretti
Several antipsychotics and antidepressants have been associated with QTc prolongation or other ECG alterations, but their impact is still debated and other risk factors are known to affect QTc. We investigated the effect of antidepressants and antipsychotics on QTc and other ECG intervals/waves in three samples. Two discovery samples (cross-sectional sample n=145 and prospective sample n=68, naturalistic treatment) and a replication prospective sample (CATIE, n=515, randomized treatment) were analysed. In both prospective samples, baseline/follow-up changes in ECG parameters were analysed in relation to the number of psychotropic drugs stratified according to their known cardiovascular risk...
November 28, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849017/elmo1-protects-renal-structure-and-ultrafiltration-in-kidney-development-and-under-diabetic-conditions
#20
Krishna Rakesh Sharma, Karl Heckler, Sandra J Stoll, Jan-Luuk Hillebrands, Katharina Kynast, Esther Herpel, Stefan Porubsky, Marlies Elger, Boris Hadaschik, Karen Bieback, Hans-Peter Hammes, Peter P Nawroth, Jens Kroll
Engulfment and cell motility 1 (ELMO1) functions as a guanine exchange factor for Rac1 and was recently found to protect endothelial cells from apoptosis. Genome wide association studies suggest that polymorphisms within human elmo1 act as a potential contributing factor for the development of diabetic nephropathy. Yet, the function of ELMO1 with respect to the glomerulus and how this protein contributes to renal pathology was unknown. Thus, this study aimed to identify the role played by ELMO1 in renal development in zebrafish, under hyperglycaemic conditions, and in diabetic nephropathy patients...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
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