keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infection after renal transplant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333601/simultaneous-occurrence-of-varicella-zoster-virus-induced-pancreatitis-and-hepatitis-in-a-renal-transplant-recipient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Puneet Chhabra, Priyadarshi Ranjan, Deepak K Bhasin
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal complications are common after renal transplantation, including oral lesions, esophagitis, gastritis, diarrhea, and colon carcinoma. The differential diagnosis is difficult in this scenario because multiple factors such as drugs, infections, and preexisting gastrointestinal disease come into play. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of varicella zoster virus-induced pancreatitis and hepatitis in a renal transplant recipient. The patient underwent renal transplantation 3 years earlier and now presented with severe pain in the epigastrium radiating to his back and had raised serum lipase levels and skin lesions characteristic of varicella...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323126/elita-consensus-statements-on-use-of-daas-in-liver-transplant-candidates-and-recipients
#2
REVIEW
Luca S Belli, Christophe Duvoux, Thomas Berg, Mario Strazzabosco, Stefano Fagiuoli, Saye Khoo, Georges Philippe Pageaux, Isabelle Colle, Massimo Puoti, Audrey Coilly, Didier Samuel, Marina Berenguer
The advent of safe and highly effective direct acting antivirals (DAA) had huge implications for the HCV transplant field and changed our management of both, patients on the waiting list and those with HCV graft reinfection after Liver Transplantation (LT). When treating HCV infection before LT, HCV reinfection of the graft may be prevented in nearly all patients. In addition some candidates show a remarkable clinical improvement and are possibly delisted. Alternatively, HCV infection can be treated post LT either soon after the transplant, taking advantage of the removal of the infected native liver, or at the time of disease recurrence as done in the past...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321803/prognosis-of-cirrhotic-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-a-meta-analysis
#3
Delphine Weil, Eric Levesque, Marc McPhail, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Eleni Theocharidou, Evangelos Cholongitas, Arnaud Galbois, Heng Chih Pan, Constantine J Karvellas, Bertrand Sauneuf, René Robert, Jérome Fichet, Gaël Piton, Thierry Thevenot, Gilles Capellier, Vincent Di Martino
BACKGROUND: The best predictors of short- and medium-term mortality of cirrhotic patients receiving intensive care support are unknown. METHODS: We conducted meta-analyses from 13 studies (2523 cirrhotics) after selection of original articles and response to a standardized questionnaire by the corresponding authors. End-points were in-ICU, in-hospital, and 6-month mortality in ICU survivors. A total of 301 pooled analyses, including 95 analyses restricted to 6-month mortality among ICU survivors, were conducted considering 249 variables (including reason for admission, organ replacement therapy, and composite prognostic scores)...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321326/first-canadian-case-report-of-kidney-transplantation-from-an-hiv-positive-donor-to-an-hiv-positive-recipient
#4
Georges Ambaraghassi, Héloïse Cardinal, Daniel Corsilli, Claude Fortin, Marie-Chantal Fortin, Valérie Martel-Laferrière, Jacques Malaise, Michel R Pâquet, Danielle Rouleau
RATIONALE: Kidney transplantation has become standard of care for carefully selected patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era. American and European prospective cohort studies have reported similar patient and graft survival compared with HIV-negative kidney transplant recipients. Despite an increased rate of acute rejection, partially due to drug interactions, HIV immunovirologic parameter generally remains under control during immunosuppression...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317077/de-novo-cancer-in-patients-on-dialysis-and-after-renal-transplantation-north-western-italy-1997-2012
#5
Valentina Mazzucotelli, Pierluca Piselli, Diana Verdirosi, Claudia Cimaglia, Giovanni Cancarini, Diego Serraino, Silvio Sandrini
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant recipients (KTR) are known to have a higher risk of cancer than the general population, especially of malignancies related to oncogenic viral infections. This study assessed the incidence of de novo malignancies (DNMs) in patients receiving kidney transplantation and in dialysis patients (DP) on the waiting list for transplantation at the same centre. The aim was to quantify the contribution of post-transplant immunosuppression to the underlying risk of developing a DNM in dialysis patients on the waiting list for kidney transplant...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316848/strongyloides-hyperinfection-in-a-renal-transplant-patient-always-be-on-the-lookout
#6
Murtaza Mazhar, Ijlal Akbar Ali, Nelson Iván Agudelo Higuita
We present a case of a 71-year-old Vietnamese man with chronic kidney disease secondary to adult polycystic kidney disease. He had been a prisoner of war before undergoing a successful cadaveric renal transplant in the United States. He presented to clinic one year after the transplant with gross hematuria, productive cough, intermittent chills, and weight loss. Long standing peripheral eosinophilia of 600-1200/μL triggered further evaluation. A wet mount of stool revealed Strongyloides stercoralis larvae...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316844/aspergillus-pericarditis-with-tamponade-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#7
Sylvia Biso, Rapeepat Lekkham, Antoinette Climaco
Aspergillus pericarditis is a rare and life-threatening infection in immunosuppressed patients. It has nonspecific clinical manifestations that often mimic other disease entities especially in patients who have extensive comorbidities. Diagnosis is oftentimes delayed and rarely done antemortem. A high degree of suspicion in immunocompromised patients is necessary for evaluation and timely diagnosis. This is a case of Aspergillus pericarditis with cardiac tamponade in a renal transplant patient with liver cirrhosis...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296035/sepsis-after-renal-transplantation-clinical-immunological-and-microbiological-risk-factors
#8
Thomas Schachtner, Maik Stein, Petra Reinke
BACKGROUND: As immunosuppressive therapy and allograft survival have improved, the increased incidence of sepsis has become a major hurdle of disease-free survival after renal transplantation. METHODS: We identified 112 of 957 kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) with sepsis. 31 KTRs developed severe sepsis or septic shock, and 30 KTRs died from sepsis. KTRs without sepsis were used for comparison. CMV-specific and alloreactive T-cells were measured using an interferon-γ Elispot-assay...
March 11, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295968/nosocomial-bk-polyomavirus-infection-causing-hemorrhagic-cystitis-among-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Jun Kato, Takehiko Mori, Tetsuro Suzuki, Masahiko Ito, Tian-Cheng Li, Masatoshi Sakurai, Yusuke Yamane, Rie Yamazaki, Yuya Koda, Takaaki Toyama, Naoki Hasegwa, Shinichiro Okamoto
BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) is recognized as a pathogen that causes diseases such as hemorrhagic cystitis and nephritis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or renal transplantation. BKPYV-associated disease is thought to occur through reactivation under immunosuppression. However, the possibility of its nosocomial transmission and the clinical significance of such transmission have not been elucidated. During a 6-month period, 9 adult patients (median age: 47 years) with hematological disorders who were treated with HSCT (N=7) or chemotherapy (N=2) in a single hematology department developed hemorrhagic cystitis due to BKPYV infection...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295601/idiopathic-hyperammonemia-after-solid-organ-transplantation-primarily-a-lung-problem-a-single-center-experience-and-systematic-review
#10
Dustin Krutsinger, Alejandro Pezzulo, Amy E Blevins, Robert M Reed, Michael Voigt, Michael Eberlein
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic hyperammonemia syndrome (IHS) is an uncommon, often deadly complication of solid organ transplantation. IHS cases in solid organ transplantation seem to occur predominantly in lung transplant (LTx) recipients. However to the best of our knowledge the occurrence of IHS has not been systematically evaluated. We set out to identify all reported cases of IHS following non-liver solid organ transplantations. METHODS: Retrospective review of our institutional experience and systematic review of the literature...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280696/dengue-in-renal-transplant-recipients-clinical-course-and-impact-on-renal-function
#11
Paula Frassinetti Castelo Branco Camurça Fernandes, Reed André Siqueira, Evelyne Santana Girão, Rainne André Siqueira, Márcia Uchoa Mota, Leyla Castelo Branco Fernandes Marques, Silvana Cristina Albuquerque Andrade, Wilson Mendes Barroso, Sônia Leite Silva, Bruno Gomes Rodrigues Dos Santos, Claúdia Maria Costa de Oliveira
AIM: To present clinical characteristics from renal transplant recipients with dengue fever and its impact on graft function. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 11 renal transplant recipients (RTR) with dengue infection confirmed by laboratory test, between January 2007 and July 2012, transplanted in the Renal Transplant Center of Walter Cantídio University Hospital from Federal University of Ceará. RESULTS: Positive dengue serology (IgM) was found in all patients...
February 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280694/effectiveness-and-versatility-of-biological-prosthesis-in-transplanted-patients
#12
Giovanni Vennarecci, Gianluca Mascianà, Edoardo De Werra, Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri, Daniele Ferraro, Mirco Burocchi, Giovanni Tortorelli, Nicola Guglielmo, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre
AIM: To emphasize the effectiveness and versatility of prosthesis, and good tolerance by patients with incisional hernia (IH). METHODS: From December 2001 to February 2016, 270 liver transplantations were performed at San Camillo Hospital. IH occurred in 78 patients (28.8%). IH usually appeared early within the first year post-orthotopic liver transplantation. In the first era, fascial defect was repaired by primary closure for defects smaller than 2.5 cm or with synthetic mesh for greater defects...
February 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280692/influence-of-tacrolimus-metabolism-rate-on-renal-function-after-solid-organ-transplantation
#13
REVIEW
Gerold Thölking, Hans Ulrich Gerth, Katharina Schuette-Nuetgen, Stefan Reuter
The calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) tacrolimus (TAC) is an integral part of the immunosuppressive regimen after solid organ transplantation. Although TAC is very effective in prevention of acute rejection episodes, its highly variable pharmacokinetic and narrow therapeutic window require frequent monitoring of drug levels and dose adjustments. TAC can cause CNI nephrotoxicity even at low blood trough levels (4-6 ng/mL). Thus, other factors besides the TAC trough level might contribute to CNI-related kidney injury...
February 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267882/early-conversion-to-belatacept-after-renal-transplantation
#14
V Nair, L Liriano-Ward, R Kent, Shirish Huprikar, M Rana, S Florman, V Delaney, M Menon, V Sehgal, L Miko, R Khaim, A Benvenisty, S Lerner, A Arvelakis, V Wadhera, S Ames, R Shapiro
Belatacept is a non-nephrotoxic immunosuppressive agent, which may make it the ideal agent for patients with delayed or slow graft function on calcineurin inhibitors. There are limited data on conversion of patients to belatacept within 6 months of transplantation. Between 1/2012 and 12/2015 sixteen patients were converted to belatacept for delayed or poor graft function (eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73m, MDRD); three were HIV+. Conversion protocols were analyzed in patients < 4 months and 4-6 months post transplantation...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262440/telomere-length-in-patients-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-associated-with-chronic-lung-allograft-dysfunction-and-post-lung-transplantation-survival
#15
Chad A Newton, Julia Kozlitina, Jefferson R Lines, Vaidehi Kaza, Fernando Torres, Christine Kim Garcia
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown that patients with pulmonary fibrosis with mutations in the telomerase genes have a high rate of certain complications after lung transplantation. However, few studies have investigated clinical outcomes based on leukocyte telomere length. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study of all patients with pulmonary fibrosis who underwent lung transplantation at a single center between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2014...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260482/late-diagnosis-of-e148q-mutation-positive-familial-mediterranean-fever-in-a-kidney-transplant-patient-with-fever-of-unknown-origin-a-case-report
#16
Erhan Tatar, Adam Uslu, Cenk Simsek, Ahmet Aykas, Giray Bozkaya, Cetin Imamoglu
Fever of unknown origin is a rare condition after solid organ transplant and is generally associated with atypical infections (eg, tuberculosis, fungal infections) and/or lymphoproliferative disorders. Here, we present a kidney transplant patient with a late diagnosis of E148Q mutation-positive familial Mediterranean fever as the cause of fever of unknown origin. A 22-year-old female patient with a previous history of 4 years of hemodialysis and unknown primary renal disease received a deceased-donor kidney transplant at our center 5 years previously...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260480/living-donor-liver-transplant-follow-up-a-singlecenter-experience
#17
Syed Mudassir Laeeq, Farina M Hanif, Nasir Hassan Luck, Rajesh Kumar Mandhwani, Jawed Iqbal, Syed Haider Mehdi
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant is a definite treatment of decompensated liver disease. Because of the shortage of livers from deceased donors, living-donor liver transplant is becoming more common. Here, we analyzed our clinical experience in the follow-up care of these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Liver transplant recipients seen at the Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (Karachi, Pakistan) were included in this analysis. Baseline characteristics and follow-up events were recorded...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260478/ultrasonography-findings-of-acute-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-multiple-abscesses-following-renal-transplant-a-case-report
#18
Sehnaz Tezcan, Nihal Uslu, Ebru H Ayvazoglu Soy, Mehmet Haberal
Urinary tract infection is the most common complication after kidney transplant that can cause graft loss. An early diagnosis of urinary infections decreases morbidity and mortality. Besides clinical and laboratory examinations, ultrasonography is considered as the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of urinary tract infections. Here, we report a 53-year-old woman who presented with fever and pain at surgical site. Ultrasonography examination showed multiple, ill-defined or irregularly margined hypoechoic areas within the cortex...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260476/infections-after-renal-transplant-in-recipients-with-familial-mediterranean-fever-a-life-threatening-issue
#19
Erhan Tatar, Murat Karatas, Ahmet Aykas, Gokalp Okut, Giray Bozkaya, Adam Uslu
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated long-term results and infections requiring hospitalization in kidney transplant patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever (associated amyloidosis-type). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with familial Mediterranean fever with at least 1-year posttransplant follow-up. Kidney transplant recipients with primary glomerulonephritis and equivalent demography, immunity status, and follow-up comprised the control group...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260470/american-society-of-anesthesiologists-classification-versus-ariscat-risk-index-predicting-pulmonary-complications-following-renal-transplant
#20
Elif Kupeli, Balam Er Dedekarginoglu, Gaye Ulubay, Fusun Oner Eyuboglu, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic renal failure are prone to pulmonary complications. Renal transplant recipients should undergo complete preoperative evaluation to determine risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. The American Society of Anesthesiologists classification and the Assess Respiratory Risk in Surgical Patients in Catalonia risk index correlate well with incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications. Here, we compared their accuracy in predicting pulmonary complications following renal transplant...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
keyword
keyword
101495
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"