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Infection after renal transplant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327821/chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#1
Omer Shahab, Pegah Golabi, Zobair M Younossi
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection affects many organs in the body, including the liver, kidneys, skin, joints and others. Although the hepatic manifestation of HCV has been widely studied, the extrahepatic manifestaions of HCV have not been fully appreciated. Studies have shown that patients with HCV have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease, as well as poorer outcomes after kidney transplantation. Given these findings, it is important to screen HCV patients for presence of renal impairement in a timely manner...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319770/factors-associated-with-hospital-mortality-in-renal-transplant-patients-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-with-acute-respiratory-failure
#2
Rafael Mendes da Silva, Flavio Geraldo Rezende de Freitas, Antonio Tonete Bafi, Hélio Tedesco Silva Junior, Bartira de Aguiar Roza
INTRODUCTION: The lungs are often involved in a variety of complications after kidney transplantation. Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is one of the most serious manifestations of pulmonary involvement. OBJECTIVE: To describe the main causes of ARF in kidney transplant patients who require intensive care and identify the factors associated with mortality. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated adult patients with ARF admitted to the intensive care unit of a center with high volume of transplants from August 2013 to August 2015...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312858/de-novo-glomerular-diseases-after-renal-transplantation-how-is-it-different-from-recurrent-glomerular-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Fedaey Abbas, Mohsen El Kossi, Jon Kim Jin, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
The glomerular diseases after renal transplantation can occur de novo, i.e., with no relation to the native kidney disease, or more frequently occur as a recurrence of the original disease in the native kidney. There may not be any difference in clinical features and histological pattern between de novo glomerular disease and recurrence of original glomerular disease. However, structural alterations in transplanted kidney add to dilemma in diagnosis. These changes in architecture of histopathology can happen due to: (1) exposure to the immunosuppression specifically the calcineurin inhibitors (CNI); (2) in vascular and tubulointerstitial alterations as a result of antibody mediated or cell-mediated immunological onslaught; (3) post-transplant viral infections; (4) ischemia-reperfusion injury; and (5) hyperfiltration injury...
December 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310372/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-povidone-iodine-ingestion-a-case-report
#4
Chang Seong Kim, Sung Sun Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim
RATIONALE: Povidone-iodine is a broad-spectrum antiseptic applied topically to treat wounds and prevent their infection. There have been several case reports of acute kidney injury (AKI) in burn patients after povidone-iodine irrigation and in patients receiving the substance as a sclerotherapy agent for management of lymphocele after renal transplantation. However, biopsy-confirmed AKI after ingestion of povidone-iodine has not previously been described. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old man who had apparently ingested povidone-iodine solution and presented with nausea, vomiting, and reduced urine output...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302827/colonic-perforation-due-to-severe-cytomegalovirus-disease-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-after-immunosuppression
#5
REVIEW
Alessandra Soriano, Nazareno Smerieri, Stefano Bonilauri, Loredana De Marco, Alberto Cavazza, Carlo Salvarani
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a small-vessel necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis typically involving upper airways, lungs, and kidneys, which may lead to end-organ damage and life-threatening complications. Major infections during GPA course represent a considerable concern in the management of the disease. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and disease are rare but significant complications in the course of GPA being associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Colonic perforation due to CMV colitis is exceedingly rare and has so far almost exclusively been documented in HIV, renal transplant, and systemic lupus erythematosus patients...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299892/cytomegalovirus-infection-after-renal-transplantation-occurrence-clinical-features-and-the-cutoff-for-antigenemia-in-a-university-hospital-in-brazil
#6
Sócrates Bezerra de Matos, Roberto Meyer, Fernanda Washington de Mendonça Lima
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the main infectious agent causative of morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. This study aimed to describe the occurrence and clinical features of CMV infection, and the optimum antigenemia assay cutoff associated with symptomatic infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cohort study that investigated 87 patients undergoing renal transplantation. The patients were monitored with the CMV antigenemia assay performed weekly for the first 3 months post-transplantation and subsequently, when CMV infection was suspected clinically...
December 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285451/the-prevalence-of-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-after-renal-transplantation-in-patients-with-immediate-posttransplant-hyperglycemia-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#7
Saba Samad Memon, Nikhil Tandon, Sandeep Mahajan, V K Bansal, Asuri Krishna, Arunkumar Subbiah
Objectives: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of immediate posttransplant hyperglycemia and new onset diabetes after renal transplantation (NODAT). It also aims at answering whether posttransplant hyperglycemia per se is a risk factor for future development of NODAT. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among patients undergoing kidney transplantation under a single surgical unit in a tertiary care hospital in the past 5 years. All known patients with diabetes were excluded from the study...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275385/oyster-related-tenosynovitis-a-rare-case-of-mycobacterium-szulgai-in-the-immunocompromised
#8
Michael Howard Baca-Atlas, Amir Homayoun Barzin
A 66-year-old man with a history of renal transplant on chronic immunosuppression presented to his primary care physician with a swollen right index finger. On examination, mild swelling was present. Conservative management failed and initial plain films were negative. Corticosteroid injection was performed by orthopaedics, but symptoms recurred several months later and an MRI showed flexor digitorum tenosynovitis and abscesses of the superficialis and profundus tendons. A flexor tenolysis was performed with cultures positive for Mycobacterium szulgai, a rare, non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250687/lymphoproliferative-disorder-in-a-twin-female-teenager-post-kidney-transplantation
#9
Raluca Isac, Rodica Costa, Dorela CodruŢa Lăzureanu, Cristina Ioana Olariu, Adriana Milena Muntean, Cornel Olimpiu Aldea, Gabriela Simona Doroş, Mihai Gafencu
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is defined as a heterogeneous group of lymphoid and plasmocytic proliferations with variable malignant potential. They often arise in immunocompromised post solid organ transplant (SOT) patients linked with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Clinical manifestations include fever, lymphadenopathy and organ involvement. Diagnosis of PTLD requires morphopathological tissue examination. Treatment of EBV-related PTLD in SOT patients includes immunosuppressive (IS) agents' reduction, use of antiviral medication, anti-B-lymphocyte antibodies and chemotherapy for high-risk patients...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250578/symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-in-renal-transplant-recipients-after-cystoscopy-for-ureteral-stent-removal
#10
Justin R Gregg, Caroline L Kang, Thomas R Talbot, Derek Moore, S Duke Herrell, Roger Dmochowski, Daniel A Barocas
Introduction: Symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) is a known complication of cystoscopy with ureteral stent removal. However, little is known about the incidence and risk factors for post-cystoscopy UTI in renal transplant recipients, who likely represent a high-risk cohort. Our aim was to determine the infection rate following cystoscopy with stent removal in this population and identify opportunities for care improvement. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of office cystoscopies with stent removal in renal transplant recipients performed at a single institution from April 2012 through May 2014...
September 2017: Urology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248914/whole-genome-analysis-of-an-extensive-drug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-st195-isolate-from-a-recipient-after-dcd-renal-transplantation-in-china
#11
Hong Jiang, Luxi Cao, Qixia Shen, Lihui Qu, Yan Jiang, Tingting Qu, Jian Zhang, Yingying Lu, Bingjue Li, Chaohong Zhu, Guangjun Liu, Rending Wang, Miao Chen, Yucheng Wang, Yanfei Wang, Shi Feng, Junwen Wang, Yunsong Yu, Jianyong Wu, Jianghua Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Infection with Acinetobacter baumannii was emerging as one of the leading causes of mortality after donation after cardiac death transpalantion. METHODS: We reported a case of a recipient who underwent DCD renal transplantation and later got infected by A.baumannii. Etests were done to verify the susceptibility test results in clinic. Whole-genome analysis was applied to investigate the resistant mechanism at gene level. RESULTS: The pathogen was isolated from his draining liquid the day after the surgery, and susceptibility test reavealed that it was sensitive to tigecycline...
December 14, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245287/an-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-in-the-transplanted-liver-displaying-quick-wash-in-and-wash-out-on-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-a-case-report
#12
Jing Shang, Yun-Yue Wang, Ying Dang, Xin-Juan Zhang, Yan Song, Li-Tao Ruan
RATIONALE: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is an uncommon mesenchymal neoplasm, and its presence in a grafted liver is exceedingly rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 54-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a half-month history of intermittent melena. She had undergone deceased-donor liver transplantation (LT) for hepatitis B virus related liver cirrhosis without hepatocellular carcinoma 5 months previously. DIAGNOSIS: Laboratory examination showed impaired liver and renal functions and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, but tumor markers within normal ranges...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234569/a-case-of-localized-pulmonary-calcification-presenting-as-a-persistent-mass-lesion-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-following-treatment-of-a-pseudomonas-pneumonia
#13
Matthew J Cecchini, Dominic L Shepherd, Jessica G Shepherd
We report a case of a persistent right upper lobe opacity following treatment for a Pseudomonas infection in an immunosuppressed patient with a recent renal transplantation. The patient underwent a surgical lung biopsy for definitive diagnosis of the mass. The lesion was composed of extensive calcifications deposited throughout the lung with associated fibrosis. The patient had a history of a remote parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism; however, the parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the calcium levels were still mildly elevated...
October 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228920/comparison-of-outcomes-between-emergent-start-and-planned-start-peritoneal-dialysis-in-incident-esrd-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Wen-Yi Li, Yi-Cheng Wang, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Shih-Hua Lin, Kwan-Dun Wu, Yung-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND: The clinical consequences of starting chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) after emergent dialysis via a temporary hemodialysis (HD) catheter has rarely been evaluated within a full spectrum of treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We investigated the longer-term outcomes of patients undergoing emergent-start PD in comparison with that of other practices of PD or HD in a prospective cohort of new-onset ESRD. METHODS: This was a 2-year prospective observational study...
December 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226570/campath-calcineurin-inhibitor-reduction-and-chronic-allograft-nephropathy-the-3c-study-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Richard Haynes, Lisa Blackwell, Natalie Staplin, William G Herrington, Jonathan Emberson, Parminder K Judge, Benjamin C Storey, Martin J Landray, Paul N Harden, Colin Baigent, Peter Friend
Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI e.g. tacrolimus) reduce short-term kidney transplant failure, but chronic nephrotoxicity may contribute to late transplant loss. Elective conversion to inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin pathway (mTOR e.g. sirolimus) might avoid long-term CNI renal damage and improve outcomes. The 3C Study was a pragmatic randomized controlled trial comprising sequential randomizations between alemtuzumab and basiliximab induction therapy (at the time of surgery) and between tacrolimus and sirolimus maintenance therapy at 6-months post-transplant...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215813/kidney-transplantation-in-patients-with-atypical-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-due-to-complement-factor-h-deficiency-impact-of-liver-transplantation
#16
Sejin Kim, Eujin Park, Sang Il Min, Nam Joon Yi, Jongwon Ha, Il Soo Ha, Hae Il Cheong, Hee Gyung Kang
BACKGROUND: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease that is often associated with genetic defects. Mutations of complement factor H (CFH) are the most common genetic defects that cause aHUS and often result in end-stage renal disease. Since CFH is mainly produced in the liver, liver transplantation (LT) has been performed in patients with defective CFH. METHODS: The clinical courses of four kidney allograft recipients who lost their native kidney functions due to aHUS associated with a CFH mutation were reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208861/etiology-of-early-renal-allograft-dysfunction-and-comparison-between-dysfunction-and-function-group-a-single-center-study
#17
K M Hadiuzzaman, S F Islam, M O Faroque, R M Hossain, M Munirunnessa, S I Selim, M Morshed
Over a period of two years thirty five renal allograft recipients & donors were evaluated to find out the aetiology of early renal allograft dysfunction, in the Department of Nephrology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2010 to February 2012. A comparison was made between dysfunction & functioning graft group. Mean age of recipients were (36.4±9.4) years, mean age of donors were (41.7±8.3) years, with a male and female ratio of 3:1. Fifty percent recipients showed one heliotype match, ninety percent recipients were anti CMV antibody IgG positive, few were anti CMV antibody IgM positive...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208204/durable-renal-response-after-combination-of-bortezomib-corticosteroids-rituximab-and-plasmapheresis-for-late-antibody-mediated-renal-transplant-rejection%C3%A2
#18
Yanli Ding, Jean Francis, Amitabh Gautam, Linda Pelletier, Vaishali Sanchorawala, Karen Quillen
Late occurrence of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), defined as occurring 6 months after transplantation, is associated with poor renal allograft survival, compared to early acute AMR and acute cellular rejection. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has multiple immunomodulatory effects on plasma cells, the source of donor-specific HLA antibodies which mediate AMR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients who presented with biopsy-proven AMR and donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (DSA) at a single institution between July 2011 and February 2015 were included...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207709/isolation-of-the-rare-opportunistic-yeast-saprochaete-capitata-from-clinical-samples-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-southern-india-and-a-brief-review-of-the-literature
#19
Umabala Pamidimukkala, Anuradha Kancharla, Sukanya Sudhaharan, Sadashivudu Gundeti, Surendra Mandarapu, Vamsi Krishna Nagalla, Sree Bhushan Raju, Sandhya Devi Karanam
Introduction: Saprochaete capitata (Teleomorph: Magnusiomyces capitatus) is a ubiquitous yeast found in environmental sources such as soil, water, air, plants and dairy products. It is also a part of the normal microbial flora in humans. The yeast is being increasingly reported as an opportunistic pathogen, especially in patients in the haemato-oncology setting, the infection being often mistakenly diagnosed as invasive candidiasis. Aim: To review the epidemiological, clinical and microbiological features of six patients admitted in our hospital over a period of 10 years (from January 2007 to December 2016), from whom Saprochaete capitata was isolated...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203252/occurrence-and-improvement-of-renal-dysfunction-and-serum-potassium-abnormality-during-administration-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-in-patients-with-hematological-disorders-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Tadakazu Kondo, Kazunai Aoki, Kouhei Yamashita, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
Liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) has the potential to cause two major adverse events, renal dysfunction and serum potassium abnormality; however, appropriate clinical management of these events remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed data regarding 128 hematology patients who received L-AMB in our institute and examined the association between clinical characteristics and renal dysfunction or serum potassium abnormality. We found that the median weight-normalized dose of L-AMB was 2.69mg/kg and the median administration period was 16days...
November 7, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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