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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078738/dorsal-pallidal-neurons-directly-link-the-nidopallium-and-midbrain-in-the-zebra-finch-taeniopygia-guttata
#1
J Martin Wild
The dorsal pallidum in birds is considered similar, if not homologous, to the globus pallidus (GP) of mammals. The dorsal pallidum projects to both thalamic and midbrain targets similar to the direct and indirect pathways arising from the internal and external segments of the GP. In the present study retrograde and anterograde tracing studies revealed a previously undescribed projection of the avian dorsal pallidum. This arises from a specific dorsomedial component, which terminates in the intercollicular nucleus and partly surrounds the avian equivalent of the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075530/dysregulation-of-pldn-pallidin-is-a-mechanism-for-platelet-dense-granule-deficiency-in-runx1-haplodeficiency
#2
G F Mao, L E Goldfinger, D C Fan, M P Lambert, G Jalagadugula, R Freishtat, A K Rao
BACKGROUND: Inherited RUNX1 haplodeficiency is associated with thrombocytopenia and platelet dysfunction. Dense granule (DG) deficiency is reported in patients with RUNX1 haplodeficiency, but the molecular mechanisms are unknown. Platelet mRNA expression profiling in a patient previously reported by us with a RUNX1 mutation and platelet dysfunction showed decreased expression of PLDN (BLOC1S6), which encodes for pallidin, a subunit of BLOC-1 (biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex-1) involved in granule biogenesis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046822/su-f-i-17-white-matter-track-based-analysis-at-limbic-abnormalities-in-cognitive-impairment
#3
R Juh, T Suh, J Han, C Kim, C Oh
PURPOSE: Mild cognitive impairment with depression (MCID) is common and associated with disability and cognitive impairment, with high probability of relapse. Hypothesize that a sign of WM disintegration would be observed in MCID than MCI nondepression (MCIND), especially in frontal and limbic regions and patients with depression would show reduced GM density in the hippocampus, amygdala, anterior gyrus cingulate, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC) the abnormalities of long association fiber tracts integrity are correlated with geriatric depression...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993470/application-and-further-characterization-of-the-snap-bean-s156-r123-ozone-biomonitoring-system-in-relation-to-ambient-air-temperature
#4
Evgenios Agathokleous, Costas J Saitanis, Kent O Burkey, Georgia Ntatsi, Vasiliki Vougeleka, Alsayed M Mashaheet, Andreas Pallides
Increased mixing ratios of ground-level ozone (O3) threaten individual plants, plant communities and ecosystems. In this sense, O3 biomonitoring is of great interest. The O3-sensitive S156 and the O3-tolerant R123 genotypes of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) have been proposed as a potential tool for active biomonitoring of ambient O3. In the present study, an O3 biomonitoring was conducted, with the S156/R123 tool, along with a monitoring of O3 and other environmental conditions in an urban area in Athens, Greece, during the growing seasons of 2012 and 2013...
December 16, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989846/cortical-areas-involved-in-behavioral-expression-of-external-pallidum-dysfunctions-a-pet-imaging-study-in-non-human-primates
#5
Laurent Galineau, Aurélie Kas, Yulia Worbe, Marion Chaigneau, Anne-Sophie Herard, Martine Guillermier, Thierry Delzescaux, Jean Féger, Philippe Hantraye, Léon Tremblay
The external pallidum (GPe) is a component of the indirect pathway centrally placed in the basal ganglia. Studies already demonstrated that the pharmacological disinhibition of the sensorimotor, associative, and limbic GPe produced dyskinesia, hyperactivity, and compulsive behaviors, respectively. The aim of this study was to investigate the cortical regions altered by the disinhibition of each GPe functional territory. Thus, 5 macaques were injected with bicuculline in sensorimotor, associative, and limbic sites of the GPe producing dyskinesia, hyperactivity, and compulsive behaviors, and underwent in vivo positron tomography with (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose to identify cortical dysfunctions related to GPe disinhibition...
October 28, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927934/ten-year-results-of-pallidal-stimulation-for-cricopharyngeal-dystonia-with-spasmodic-dysphonia
#6
Shiro Horisawa, Taku Ochiai, Shinichi Goto, Takeshi Nakajima, Takakazu Kawamata, Takaomi Taira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914146/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-a-generalized-dystonia-patient-treated-with-internal-globus-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-a-case-report
#7
Hye Ran Park, Jae Meen Lee, Hyeyoung Park, Chae Won Shin, Han Joon Kim, Hee Pyoung Park, Dong Gyu Kim, Beom Seok Jeon, Sun Ha Paek
Internal globus pallidus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been widely accepted as an effective treatment modality of medically refractory dystonia. However, there have been few studies regarding the safety issue of pregnancy and childbirth related with DBS. This report describes a female patient who was pregnant and delivered a baby after GPi DBS surgery. A 33-year-old female patient with acquired generalized dystonia underwent bilateral GPi DBS implantation. She obtained considerable improvement in both movement and disability after DBS implantation...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909104/loss-of-plasticity-in-the-d2-accumbens-pallidal-pathway-promotes-cocaine-seeking
#8
J A Heinsbroek, D N Neuhofer, W C Griffin, G S Siegel, A-C Bobadilla, Y M Kupchik, P W Kalivas
Distinct populations of D1- and D2-dopamine receptor expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-/D2-MSNs) comprise the nucleus accumbens, and activity in D1-MSNs promotes, while activity in D2-MSNs inhibits motivated behaviors. We used chemogenetics to extend D1-/D2-MSN cell specific regulation to cue-reinstated cocaine seeking in a mouse model of self-administration and relapse, and found that either increasing activity in D1-MSNs or decreasing activity in D2-MSNs augmented cue-induced reinstatement. Both D1- and D2-MSNs provide substantial GABAergic innervation to the ventral pallidum, and chemogenetic inhibition of ventral pallidal neurons blocked the augmented reinstatement elicited by chemogenetic regulation of either D1- or D2-MSNs...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871916/association-of-neurobehavioral-performance-with-r2-in-the-caudate-nucleus-of-asymptomatic-welders
#9
Eun-Young Lee, Paul J Eslinger, Michael R Flynn, Daymond Wagner, Guangwei Du, Mechelle M Lewis, Lan Kong, Richard B Mailman, Xuemei Huang
OBJECTIVES: Welding fumes contain several metals including manganese (Mn) and iron (Fe) that may affect the nervous system. Previous studies of potential welding-related neurotoxicity have focused primarily on Mn exposure. The current study examined neurobehavioral and brain imaging changes in asymptomatic welders and their associations with both Mn and Fe exposure measurements. METHODS: Data were obtained from subjects with (n=46) and without (controls; n=31) a history of welding exposure...
November 18, 2016: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852779/ventral-pallidum-output-pathways-in-context-induced-reinstatement-of-alcohol-seeking
#10
Asheeta A Prasad, Gavan P McNally
: Ventral pallidum (VP) is a well-established locus for the reinforcing effects of drugs of abuse and reinstatement of drug seeking. However, VP neurons are at the origin of multiple output pathways, with strong projections to ventral tegmental area (VTA), subthalamic nucleus (STN), lateral hypothalamus, among others, and the roles of these VP output pathways in reinstatement of drug seeking remain poorly understood. Here we addressed these issues using a combination of neuroanatomical tracing and chemogenetic approaches...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820618/pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-levodopa-responsive-juvenile-dystonia-and-parkinsonism-secondary-to-spg11-mutation
#11
Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Lucy Gee, Youngwon Youn, Damian S Shin, Julie G Pilitsis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778037/direct-modulation-of-firing-activity-by-dopamine-d2-like-receptors-in-the-globus-pallidus-of-both-normal-and-parkinsonian-rats
#12
Yong-Cun Zhu, Yan Xue, Hui-Ling Diao, Hua Chen, Hong-Yun Liu, Xiao-Hua Han, Lei Chen
The globus pallidus occupies a critical position in the indirect pathway of the basal ganglia circuit, which regulates movement under both normal and pathological conditions. Previous studies have shown that the globus pallidus receives dopaminergic innervation from the axonal collaterals of nigrostriatal fibers. Both dopamine D1 and D2 like receptors are expressed in the globus pallidus. The present study was aimed to investigate the direct in vivo electrophysiological effects of dopamine D2 like receptors in the globus pallidus of both normal and parkinsonian rats...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751664/the-utilization-of-an-insertable-cardiac-monitor-in-a-child-with-pallid-breath-holding-spells
#13
Shai Tejman-Yarden, Bruria Ben-Zeev, Yuval Goldshmit, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Assi Cicurel, Uriel Katz, David Mishali, Michael Glikson
BACKGROUND: Pacing can be a successful treatment for pallid breath-holding spells, primarily in individuals with severe bradycardia. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe an 18-month-old girl experiencing severe pallid breath-holding spells in whom repeated electrocardiographic, Holter, and electroencephalographic monitoring tests were all normal. RESULTS: Using a subcutaneous insertable cardiac monitor, severe bradycardia was detected during one of this girl's episodes...
November 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751649/pallidal-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-patients-with-contraindications-to-subthalamic-target-a-3-years-follow-up
#14
Julien Bonenfant, Sophie Drapier, Jean François Houvenaghel, Florian Naudet, Claire Haegelen, Paul Sauleau, Marc Vérin
INTRODUCTION: Over a 3-year period, we monitored the efficacy and safety of deep-brain stimulation of the globus pallidus pars interna in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease whose cognitive, psychiatric impairment and/or dopa-resistant axial motor signs made them ineligible for surgery targeting the subthalamic nucleus. METHODS: A total of 25 patients were assessed before surgery, 1 year and 3 years after surgery, on the UPDRS and a neuropsychological battery...
January 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733815/gpi-oscillatory-activity-differentiates-tics-from-the-resting-state-voluntary-movements-and-the-unmedicated-parkinsonian-state
#15
Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Ilknur Telkes, Ashwin Viswanathan, Nuri F Ince
Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an emerging treatment strategy for severe, medication-refractory Tourette syndrome (TS). Thalamic (Cm-Pf) and pallidal (including globus pallidus interna, GPi) targets have been the most investigated. While the neurophysiological correlates of Parkinson's disease (PD) in the GPi and subthalamic nucleus (STN) are increasingly recognized, these patterns are not well characterized in other disease states. Recent findings indicate that the cross-frequency coupling (CFC) between beta band and high frequency oscillations (HFOs) within the STN in PD patients is pathologic...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717186/anesthesia-reduces-discharge-rates-in-the-human-pallidum-without-changing-the-discharge-rate-ratio-between-pallidal-segments
#16
Anna Castrioto, Odeya Marmor, Marc Deffains, Dafna Willner, Eduard Linetsky, Hagai Bergman, Zvi Israel, Renana Eitan, David Arkadir
Classical rate models of basal ganglia circuitry associate discharge rate of the globus pallidus external and internal segments (GPe, GPi respectively) solely with dopaminergic state and predict an inverse ratio between the discharge rates of the two pallidal segments. In contrast, the effects of other rate modulators such as general anesthesia (GA) on this ratio have been ignored. To respond to this need, we recorded the neuronal activity in the GPe and GPi in awake and anesthetized human patients with dystonia (57 and 53 trajectories respectively) and in awake patients with Parkinson's disease (PD, 16 trajectories) undergoing deep brain stimulation procedures...
December 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701719/neuroprotective-effects-of-ellagic-acid-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Alireza Sarkaki, Yaghoob Farbood, Mojtaba Dolatshahi, Seyed Mohammad Taqhi Mansouri, Ali Khodadadi
Antioxidants have protective effects against free radicals-induced neural damage in Parkinson's disease (PD). We examined the effects of ellagic acid (EA) on locomotion, pallidal local EEG, and its frequency bands' power and also cerebral antioxidant contents in a rat model of PD induced by 6-hydroxidopamine (6-OHDA). 6-OHDA (16 µg/2µ l) was injected into the right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) in MFB-lesioned rat's brain. Sham group received vehicle instead of 6-OHDA. PD-model was confirmed by rotational test using apomorphine injection...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683881/effects-of-high-frequency-stimulation-of-the-internal-pallidal-segment-on-neuronal-activity-in-the-thalamus-in-parkinsonian-monkeys
#18
Stefan Kammermeier, Damien Pittard, Ikuma Hamada, Thomas Wichmann
Deep brain stimulation of the internal globus pallidus (GPi) is a major treatment for advanced Parkinson's disease. The effects of this intervention on electrical activity patterns in targets of GPi output, specifically in the thalamus, are poorly understood. The experiments described here examined these effects using electrophysiological recordings in two Rhesus monkeys rendered moderately parkinsonian through treatment with 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), after sampling control data in the same animals...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671661/pallidal-spiking-activity-reflects-learning-dynamics-and-predicts-performance
#19
Eitan Schechtman, Maria Imelda Noblejas, Aviv D Mizrahi, Omer Dauber, Hagai Bergman
The basal ganglia (BG) network has been divided into interacting actor and critic components, modulating the probabilities of different state-action combinations through learning. Most models of learning and decision making in the BG focus on the roles of the striatum and its dopaminergic inputs, commonly overlooking the complexities and interactions of BG downstream nuclei. In this study, we aimed to reveal the learning-related activity of the external segment of the globus pallidus (GPe), a downstream structure whose computational role has remained relatively unexplored...
October 11, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644555/lung-regeneration-by-fetal-lung-tissue-implantation-in-a-mouse-pulmonary-emphysema-model
#20
Koh Uyama, Shoji Sakiyama, Mitsuteru Yoshida, Koichiro Kenzaki, Hiroaki Toba, Yukikiyo Kawakami, Kazumasa Okumura, Hiromitsu Takizawa, Kazuya Kondo, Akira Tangoku
The mortality and morbidity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are high. However, no radical therapy has been developed to date. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether fetal mouse lung tissue can grow and differentiate in the emphysematous lung. Fetal lung tissue from green fluorescent protein C57BL/6 mice at 16 days' gestation was used as donor material. Twelve-month-old pallid mice were used as recipients. Donor lungs were cut into small pieces and implanted into the recipient left lung by performing thoracotomy under anesthesia...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
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