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oral cell carcinoma dog

Kipp Wingo
This retrospective study documents the prevalence of various histopathological diagnoses within a practice specializing in veterinary dentistry and oral surgery. Histopathology results obtained from biopsies of oral lesions from 403 dogs and 73 cats were sorted and categorized. Lesions of inflammatory origin represented the most common histopathology result in cats (n = 37; 51%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (n = 27; 37%). The most common histopathological diagnoses in dogs were malignant neoplasms (n = 151; 37%), followed by tumors of odontogenic origin (n = 138, 34%) and lesions of inflammatory origin (n = 114; 28%)...
March 2018: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
K Sakai, S Maeda, Y Yamada, J K Chambers, K Uchida, H Nakayama, T Yonezawa, N Matsuki
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) infiltrate into a variety of tumour tissues and associate with poor prognosis in humans. However, data on association of Treg infiltration with prognosis is limited in canine tumours. The purpose of this study was to examine the number of tumour-infiltrating Tregs and its association with overall survival (OS) in dogs with malignant tumours. The following 168 canine tumours were included: 37 oral malignant melanomas (OMMs); 14 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs); 16 pulmonary adenocarcinomas (PAs); 37 mammary carcinomas (MCs); 36 mast cell tumours (MCTs) and 28 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs)...
January 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Shunsuke Itai, Shinji Yamada, Mika K Kaneko, Hiroyuki Harada, Yumiko Kagawa, Satoru Konnai, Yukinari Kato
Oral squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive tumor in cats; however, molecular-targeted therapies against this tumor, including antibody therapy, have not been developed. Sensitive and specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against highly expressed membrane proteins are needed to develop antibody therapies. Podoplanin, a type I transmembrane glycoprotein, is expressed in many human malignant tumors, including brain tumor, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, mesothelioma, and oral cancer. Podoplanin binds to C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2) and activates platelet aggregation, which is involved in cancer metastasis...
December 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
Florence Thierry, Maurizio Longo, Evi Pecceu, Davide D Zani, Tobias Schwarz
The palatine tonsil is an uncommon site of oral canine neoplasia. For affected tonsils, squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent type of neoplasia, followed by melanoma and lymphoma. Computed tomography (CT) is increasingly used for investigation of canine oropharyngeal pathology; however, limited information is available on the CT appearance of tonsillar neoplasms. Objectives of this retrospective descriptive case series were to characterize the CT features of canine tonsillar neoplasia and determine whether specific CT features differentiate nonneoplastic from neoplastic tonsils...
January 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
S Abou Asa
MCAM/CD146 (melanoma cell adhesion molecule/CD146) is a transmembrane immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule involved in transendothelial migration and signal transduction. It is expressed in melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, prostatic, ovarian, cervical and endometrial cancers and promotes tumour growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. Melanoma is the most common malignant oral tumour of dogs and also arises in the skin, nail bed and footpad. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical expression of MCAM/CD146 in 51 canine melanomas, including oral, cutaneous and ocular tumours...
July 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
John S Munday, Neroli A Thomson, Jennifer A Luff
Papillomaviruses (PVs) cause disease in both dogs and cats. In dogs, PVs are thought to cause oral papillomatosis, cutaneous papillomas and canine viral pigmented plaques, whereas PVs have been rarely associated with the development of oral and cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas in this species. In cats, PVs are currently thought to cause oral papillomas, feline viral plaques, Bowenoid in situ carcinomas and feline sarcoids. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence that PVs may also be a cause of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas and basal cell carcinomas in cats...
July 2017: Veterinary Journal
Summer Allen
Dogs have bad breath. But when Montana sheep rancher Katy Harjes noticed her collie, Hoshi, had particularly bad breath and facial swelling, she was concerned that the symptoms might be a sign of something serious. She was right; ten-year-old Hoshi had squamous cell carcinoma, a common type of oral tumor found in dogs. The cancer had not metastasized, but the damage was extensive enough that part of Hoshi's lower jaw needed to be removed. Luckily, Hoshi was a suitable candidate for a stateof-the-art bone regrowth procedure developed by Frank Verstraete, B...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
Xiaofang Zhang, Xiaodong Zhang, Bojun Yuan, Lijun Ren, Tianbao Zhang, Guocai Lu
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs), such as vorinostat and panobinostat, have been shown to have active effects on many hematologic malignancies, including multiple myeloma and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Hydroxamate-based (Hb) HDACIs have very good toxicity profiles and are currently being tested in phases I and II clinical trials with promising results in selected neoplasms, such as bladder carcinoma. One of the Hb-HDACIs, HZ1006, has been demonstrated to be a promising drug for clinical use. The aim of our study was to determine the possible target of toxicity and to identify a non-toxic dose of HZ1006 for clinical use...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shuang Cai, Ti Zhang, W C Forrest, Qiuhong Yang, Chad Groer, Eva Mohr, Daniel J Aires, Sandra M Axiak-Bechtel, Brian K Flesner, Carolyn J Henry, Kimberly A Selting, Deborah Tate, Jeffrey A Swarz, Jeffrey N Bryan, M Laird Forrest
OBJECTIVE To conduct a phase I-II clinical trial of hyaluronan-cisplatin nanoconjugate (HA-Pt) in dogs with naturally occurring malignant tumors. ANIMALS 18 healthy rats, 9 healthy mice, and 16 dogs with cancer. PROCEDURES HA-Pt was prepared and tested by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry; DNA-platinum adduct formation and antiproliferation effects of cisplatin and HA-Pt were compared in vitro. Effects of cisplatin (IV) and HA-Pt (SC) in rodents were tested by clinicopathologic assays. In the clinical trial, dogs with cancer received 1 to 4 injections of HA-Pt (10 to 30 mg/m(2), intratumoral or peritumoral, q 3 wk)...
September 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Naoya Maekawa, Satoru Konnai, Tomohiro Okagawa, Asami Nishimori, Ryoyo Ikebuchi, Yusuke Izumi, Satoshi Takagi, Yumiko Kagawa, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Yukinari Kato, Shiro Murata, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Spontaneous cancers are common diseases in dogs. Among these, some malignant cancers such as oral melanoma, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and mast cell tumor are often recognized as clinical problems because, despite their high frequencies, current treatments for these cancers may not always achieve satisfying outcomes. The absence of effective systemic therapies against these cancers leads researchers to investigate novel therapeutic modalities, including immunotherapy. Programmed death 1 (PD-1) is a costimulatory receptor with immunosuppressive function...
2016: PloS One
Lee-Shuan Lin, Yuko Kayasuga-Kariya, Shugo Nakamura, Nobuyuki Shimohata, Takamasa Sakai, Ayano Fujisawa, Yuki Akagi, Shigeki Suzuki, Ung-Il Chung, Nobuo Sasaki, Manabu Mochizuki
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is one of the most popular NSAIDs worldwide because of its anti-inflammatory and anticoagulant effects, and however, gastrointestinal injury remains a major complication. We previously reported co-lyophilized aspirin/trehalose (Lyo A/T) decreased the aspirin-induced gastric lesions in dogs. AIM: This study investigated the mechanism of gastroprotective effects of trehalose in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: The apoptotic assays were performed in a human gastric carcinoma cell line, which was treated with aspirin, mixed aspirin/trehalose (Mix A/T) or Lyo A/T...
August 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
F Rodríguez, P Castro, G A Ramírez
A 7-year-old, male cocker spaniel was presented with a gingival proliferative lesion in the rostral maxilla and enlargement of the regional lymph node. Morphological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed a collision tumour composed of two malignant populations, epithelial and melanocytic, with metastasis of the neoplastic melanocytes to the regional lymph node. The epithelial component consisted of trabeculae and islands of well-differentiated squamous epithelium immunoreactive to cytokeratins. The melanocytic component had a varying degree of pigmentation of polygonal and spindle-shaped cells, growing in nests or densely packed aggregates and immunolabelled with S100, melanoma-associated antigen (melan A), neuron-specific enolase and vimentin antibodies...
May 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Christopher R LaPensee, Jacqueline E Mann, William E Rainey, Valentina Crudo, Stephen W Hunt, Gary D Hammer
ATR-101 is a novel, oral drug candidate currently in development for the treatment of adrenocortical cancer. ATR-101 is a selective and potent inhibitor of acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol O-acyltransferase 1 (ACAT1), an enzyme located in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane that catalyzes esterification of intracellular free cholesterol (FC). We aimed to identify mechanisms by which ATR-101 induces adrenocortical cell death. In H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cells, ATR-101 decreases the formation of cholesteryl esters and increases FC levels, demonstrating potent inhibition of ACAT1 activity...
May 2016: Endocrinology
John S Munday, Magda Dunowska, Rebecca E Laurie, Simon Hills
Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are the second most common cancer of the canine oral cavity resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Recently a dog with multiple oral SCCs that contained a novel papillomavirus (PV) was reported. The aim of the present study was to determine the genome of this novel PV. To do this a short section of PV DNA was amplified from an oral SCC and 'back-to-back' primers were designed. Due to the circular nature of PV DNA, these primers were then used to amplify the remainder of the genome by inverse PCR...
2016: Veterinary Microbiology
John S Munday, Adrienne French, Catherine J Harvey
Oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) are common neoplasms of dogs and are of unknown cause. Whereas papillomaviruses (PVs) are an established cause of human OSCCs, few studies have investigated canine OSCCs for a PV aetiology. In humans, a PV aetiology can be determined by detecting PV DNA and PV-induced increased p16(CDKN2A) protein (p16) within the OSCC. In this study, PCR, using four different primer sets and p16 immunohistochemistry, was used to evaluate 28 canine OSCCs for a possible PV aetiology. None of the primers amplified PV DNA from any of the OSCCs although four neoplasms contained intense p16 immunostaining...
May 2015: Veterinary Journal
John S Munday, Russell S Tucker, Matti Kiupel, Catherine J Harvey
Papillomaviruses (PVs) are well recognized to cause human oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). However, there is currently little evidence that PVs similarly cause oral cancer in dogs. In the present case, a dog developed an invasive SCC and multiple in situ carcinomas within the mouth. Cell changes consistent with PV infection were prominent within the neoplasms and the surrounding gingiva. Immunohistochemical staining revealed PV antigens and intense p16(CDKN2A) protein (p16) immunostaining within the invasive SCC...
March 2015: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
L A Mestrinho, P Faísca, M C Peleteiro, M M R E Niza
This study evaluated the prognosis factors of age, tumour size, anatomic location, histological grade and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression in 13 dogs with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with bone invasion and without signs of lymph node or distant metastasis. All animals were treated with radical excision performed with at least 1 cm margin, based on computed tomography images. In the 2-year follow-up, median disease-free survival was 138 days for dogs with grade 3 tumours and was not reached for those with grade 2 tumours...
March 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
Barbara J Brennan, Agnès Poirier, Sebastian Moreira, Peter N Morcos, Petra Goelzer, Renée Portmann, Jiney Asthappan, Christoph Funk, Patrick F Smith
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Understanding transmembrane transport provides a more complete understanding of the pharmacokinetics of a drug and mechanistic explanations for drug-drug interactions. Here, the transmembrane transport of danoprevir (hepatitis C virus protease inhibitor) and the effects of ritonavir and ciclosporin on transmembrane transport of danoprevir were evaluated and clinical pharmacokinetic studies of danoprevir co-administered with/without ritonavir and ciclosporin were conducted...
May 2015: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
S Kühnel, M Kessler
OBJECTIVE: Retrospective analysis of dogs with gingival squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) surgically treated using jaw resection. Material and me- thods: A total of 40 dogs were enrolled in the study. Dogs with incomplete tumour resection or metastases were subjected to adjuvant chemotherapy using carboplatin. Breed, age, tumour localisation, postsurgical complications, survival times and prognostic factors were evaluated. RESULTS: There were no breed predispositions...
2014: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
Ilaria Porcellato, Chiara Brachelente, Gabriella Guelfi, Alice Reginato, Monica Sforna, Laura Bongiovanni, Luca Mechelli
CPV1 (also called COPV) is a papillomavirus responsible for oral papillomatosis in young dogs. The involvement of this viral type in oral oncogenesis has been hypothesized in oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs), but has never been investigated in other neoplastic and hyperplastic oral lesions of dogs. Aim of this study was to investigate the presence of CPV1 in different neoplastic and hyperplastic lesions in order to assess its role in canine oral oncogenesis; according to the results obtained, a second aim of the study was to define if the dog can be considered a valid animal model for oral high risk HPV-induced tumors...
2014: PloS One
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