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June 2015

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148928/spatiotemporal-variations-and-relationship-of-pm-and-gaseous-pollutants-based-on-gray-correlation-analysis
#1
Yong Y Zhang, Ying Jia, Ming Li, Li A Hou
The present work characterizes the spatiotemporal variations of air pollution at four sites in Xi'an city. The investigations lasted for 1 year: January 1 through December 31, 2015. The concentrations of CO, NO2, O3, PM and SO2 were systematically monitored. The gray correlation analysis was used to correlate PM2.5 and gaseous pollutants. The formation mechanisms of sulfate and nitrate aerosols were discussed. Results clearly revealed severe air pollution by PM2.5, PM10 and NO2 at all four sites. Significant monthly variations were observed for PM2...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148375/west-nile-virus-lineage-2-in-horses-and-other-animals-with-neurologic-disease-south-africa-2008-2015
#2
Marietjie Venter, Marthi Pretorius, James A Fuller, Elizabeth Botha, Mpho Rakgotho, Voula Stivaktas, Camilla Weyer, Marco Romito, June Williams
During 2008-2015 in South Africa, we conducted West Nile virus surveillance in 1,407 animals with neurologic disease and identified mostly lineage 2 cases in horses (7.4%, 79/1,069), livestock (1.5%, 2/132), and wildlife (0.5%, 1/206); 35% were fatal. Geographic correlation of horse cases with seropositive veterinarians suggests disease in horses can predict risk in humans.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147877/efficacy-and-safety-of-fully-covered-self-expanding-metal-stents-for-malignant-esophageal-obstruction
#3
Hoonsub So, Ji Yong Ahn, Seungbong Han, Kyoungwon Jung, Hee Kyong Na, Jeong Hoon Lee, Kee Wook Jeong, Do Hoon Kim, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung
BACKGROUND: Malignant dysphagia can result in poor nutritional status with severe weight loss. Rapid relief from dysphagia can be achieved with esophageal self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs), a minimally invasive method. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of SEMSs for malignant dysphagia. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 119 patients with malignant dysphagia underwent esophageal SEMS insertion with endoscopic assistance. Their demographics and clinical outcomes were collected...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147163/self-care-based-treatment-using-ordinary-elastic-bandages-for-venous-leg-ulcers
#4
Kotaro Suehiro, Noriyasu Morikage, Takasuke Harada, Makoto Samura, Yuriko Takeuchi, Takahiro Mizoguchi, Kimikazu Hamano
Objective: We aimed to study venous leg ulcer (VLU) healing and recurrence rates of VLU using a self-care-based treatment strategy. Methods: The study included 36 patients (43 legs) who visited our clinic between April 2009 and June 2015 because of non-healing VLUs and who had been treated by us for more than a year (until June 2016). Patients or their caregivers were first provided instructions for performing the "no-intentional-stretch" bandaging technique using ordinary elastic bandages. Wounds were cleansed with tepid water daily, and bandages were re-applied by patients or their caregivers; this was continued until VLUs were healed...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147071/exhaled-nitric-oxide-is-useful-in-symptomatic-radioactive-pneumonia-a-retrospective-study
#5
Jiancheng Li, Xiaobin Fu, Jie Fu
The aim was to defect the exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) prediction value of symptomatic radioactive pneumonia (SRP). 64 cases of lung cancer or esophagus cancer, who had the primary radiotherapy (intensity-modulated radiation therapy), were included from 2015 June to 2016 January. During the following, the patients were divided: the symptomatic radiation pneumonia group (SRP, with the CTCAE v4.0 score > 2) and the asymptomatic radiation pneumonia group (ASRP, with CTCAE v4.0 score ≤ 1). All the patients were measured eNO before and at the end of thoracic radiotherapy and gain the posttherapy eNO value and the eNO ratio (posttherapy eNO value/pretherapy eNO value), then the predictive values of eNO toward SRP were measured using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC)...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146631/frequency-of-6-week-follow-up-appointment-scheduling-after-intrauterine-device-insertion
#6
Abigail Bernard, Catherine L Satterwhite, Madhuri Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is widely recommended to reduce unintended pregnancy in the USA. As intrauterine device (IUD) use increases, evaluating the role of post-insertion follow-up is important. METHODS: A retrospective patient record review was conducted to assess the follow-up experience of women who had an IUD placed at the University of Kansas Medical Center from 1 January to 30 June 2015. Data were collected on patient demographics, IUD placement, follow-up visit attendance, and outcomes in the 12 months following placement...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146568/health-seeking-influence-reflected-by-online-health-related-messages-received-on-social-media-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Rahila Iftikhar, Bahaa Abaalkhail
BACKGROUND: Major social networking platforms, such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter, have become popular means through which people share health-related information, irrespective of whether messages disseminated through these channels are authentic. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to describe the demographic characteristics of patients that may demonstrate their attitudes toward medical information shared on social media networks. Second, we address how information found through social media affects the way people deal with their health...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146433/a-novel-technique-for-cervical-facet-joint-hyperplasia-spondylotic-radiculopathy-by-laminar-and-lateral-mass-screw-co-fixations
#8
Sun-Ren Sheng, Ke Wang, Majid Nisar, Jiao-Xiang Chen, Ai-Min Wu, Xiang-Yang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the novel technique and report the outcomes of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy caused by facet joint hyperplasia treated with minimally invasive surgery by laminar and lateral mass screw co-fixations. METHOD: In this retrospective study, patients with spondylotic radiculopathy caused by facet joint hyperplasia underwent this technique in our unit between January 2010 and June 2015. Hospital charts, magnetic resonance imaging studies, and follow-up records for all the patients were reviewed...
November 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146225/response-comparison-of-multiple-myeloma-and-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-to-the-same-anti-myeloma-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
John P Campbell, Jennifer L J Heaney, Sankalp Pandya, Zaheer Afzal, Martin Kaiser, Roger Owen, J Anthony Child, David A Cairns, Walter Gregory, Gareth J Morgan, Graham H Jackson, Chris M Bunce, Mark T Drayson
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma is consistently preceded by monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), which is usually only treated by a form of anti-multiple myeloma therapy if it is causing substantial disease through deposition of secreted M proteins. However, studies comparing how MGUS and multiple myeloma plasma cell clones respond to these therapies are scarce. Biclonal gammopathy multiple myeloma is characterised by the coexistence of an active multiple myeloma clone and a benign MGUS clone, and thus provides a unique model to assess the responses of separate clones to the same anti-multiple myeloma therapy, in the same patient, at the same time...
November 13, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145884/systematic-literature-review-of-built-environment-effects-on-physical-activity-and-active-transport-an-update-and-new-findings-on-health-equity
#10
REVIEW
Melody Smith, Jamie Hosking, Alistair Woodward, Karen Witten, Alexandra MacMillan, Adrian Field, Peter Baas, Hamish Mackie
BACKGROUND: Evidence is mounting to suggest a causal relationship between the built environment and people's physical activity behaviours, particularly active transport. The evidence base has been hindered to date by restricted consideration of cost and economic factors associated with built environment interventions, investigation of socioeconomic or ethnic differences in intervention effects, and an inability to isolate the effect of the built environment from other intervention types...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145879/allogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cell-as-induction-therapy-to-prevent-both-delayed-graft-function-and-acute-rejection-in-deceased-donor-renal-transplantation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Qipeng Sun, Liangqing Hong, Zhengyu Huang, Ning Na, Xuefeng Hua, Yanwen Peng, Ming Zhao, Ronghua Cao, Qiquan Sun
BACKGROUND: Using kidneys from deceased donors is an available strategy to meet the growing need of grafts. However, higher incidences of delayed graft function (DGF) and acute rejection exert adverse effects on graft outcomes. Since ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and ongoing process of immune response to grafts are the major causes of DGF and acute rejection, the optimal induction intervention should possess capacities of both repairing renal structure injury and suppressing immune response simultaneously...
November 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145842/age-specific-plasmodium-parasite-profile-in-pre-and-post-itn-intervention-period-at-a-highland-site-in-western-kenya
#12
Ednah N Ototo, Guofa Zhou, Lucy Kamau, Jenard P Mbugi, Christine L Wanjala, Maxwell Machani, Harrysone Atieli, Andrew K Githeko, Guiyun Yan
BACKGROUND: Monitoring and evaluation of entomological, parasitological and clinical data is an important component of malaria control as it is a measure of the success of the interventions. In many studies, clinical data has been used to monitor trends in malaria morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to demonstrate age dependent prevalence of malaria in the pre- and post-interventions period. METHODS: A series of cross-sectional malaria parasitological surveys were conducted in Iguhu, western Kenya...
November 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145603/accuracy-of-next-generation-sequencing-for-molecular-diagnosis-in-patients-with-infantile-nystagmus-syndrome
#13
John Hoon Rim, Seung-Tae Lee, Heon Yung Gee, Byung Joo Lee, Jong Rak Choi, Hye Won Park, Sueng-Han Han, Jinu Han
Importance: Infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) is a group of disorders presenting with genetic and clinical heterogeneities that have challenged the genetic and clinical diagnoses of INS. Precise molecular diagnosis in early infancy may result in more accurate genetic counseling and improved patient management. Objective: To assess the accuracy of genomic data from next-generation sequencing (NGS) and phenotypic data to enhance the definitive diagnosis of INS. Design, Setting, and Participants: A single-center retrospective case series was conducted in 48 unrelated, consecutive patients with INS, with or without associated ocular or systemic conditions, who underwent genetic testing between June 1, 2015, and January 31, 2017...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145584/critical-lessons-from-high-value-oncology-practices
#14
Douglas W Blayney, Melora K Simon, Beatrice Podtschaske, Scott Ramsey, Margaret Shyu, Craig Lindquist, Arnold Milstein
Importance: Cancer care is expensive. Cancer care provided by practice organizations varies in total spending incurred by patients and payers during treatment episodes and in quality of care, and this unnecessary variation contributes to the high cost. Objective: To use the variation in total spending and quality of care to assess oncology practice attributes distinguishing "high value" that may be tested and adopted by others to produce similar results. Design, Setting, and Participants: "Positive deviance" was used in this exploratory mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative) analysis of interview results...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145510/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-in-switzerland-predictors-for-emergency-department-mortality-in-patients-with-rosc-or-on-going-cpr-on-admission-to-the-emergency-department
#15
Thomas C Sauter, Nora Iten, Patrik R Schwab, Wolf E Hautz, Meret E Ricklin, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
BACKGROUND: One of the leading causes of death is out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with an in-hospital mortality of about 70%. To identify predictors for the high mortality of OHCA patients and especially for women, that are considered at high risk for in-hospital mortality, we evaluated one specific setting of in-hospital treatment after OHCA: the emergency department (ED). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive ED admissions with OHCA at the Inselspital Bern, Switzerland from 1st June 2012 to 31th Mai 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144549/zuclopenthixol-dihydrochloride-for-schizophrenia
#16
REVIEW
Edward J Bryan, Marie Ann Purcell, Ajit Kumar
BACKGROUND: Oral zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride (Clopixol) is an anti-psychotic treatment for people with psychotic symptoms, especially those with schizophrenia. It is associated with neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a prolongation of the QTc interval, extra-pyramidal reactions, venous thromboembolism and may modify insulin and glucose responses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride for treatment of schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Trials Register (latest search 09 June 2015)...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144301/contamination-levels-and-potential-sources-of-organic-pollution-in-an-asian-river
#17
Chitsan Lin, Kim Anh Nguyen, Chi Thanh Vu, Delia Senoro, Maria Ching Villanueva
The Houjing River has long been an environmental victim of economic development. Industries that have settled along the bank of this river may have largely contributed to severe organic wastes pollution. This study collected water and sediment samples at various points along the river and measured concentrations of 61 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and 128 semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) for a period of 16 months (Feb 2014-June 2015). Our analyses show that elevated levels of VOCs were observed near two industrial areas, Dashe and Renwu industrial parks...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143944/one-thousand-seventy-eight-autologous-ivf-cycles-in-women-45%C3%A2-years-and-older-the-largest-single-center-cohort-to-date
#18
Vinay Gunnala, Mohamad Irani, Alexis Melnick, Zev Rosenwaks, Steven Spandorfer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine IVF outcomes in women 45 years and older using autologous oocytes. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study reviewing all IVF cycles in women ≥ 45 years old from January 1995 to June 2015 that were conducted at one academic medical center. One thousand seventy-eight fresh, autologous IVF cycles met inclusion criteria. PGD/S, natural IVF, and donor egg cycles were excluded. Outcomes were analyzed for the different age groups (age 45, n = 773; age 46, n = 221; age 47, n = 57; age 48, n = 22; age 49, n = 5)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143272/preliminary-results-of-immune-modulating-antibody-mdv9300-pidilizumab-treatment-in-children-with-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma
#19
Iris Fried, Alex Lossos, Tal Ben Ami, Rina Dvir, Helen Toledano, Myriam Weil Ben Arush, Sergei Postovski, Abed Abu Kuidar, Michal Yalon, Michael Weintraub, Mony Benifla
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is an incurable disease with a median overall survival of 10 months. Immune modulating antibodies have recently emerged as a highly promising treatment modality in multiple cancer types. We present results from the first study to evaluate the immune modulating antibody MDV9300 (pidilizumab) in pediatric patients with DIPG. All patients aged 3 years and older, diagnosed with DIPG between February 2014 and June 2015 in Israel, were offered to participate in the study...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142776/-surgical-treatment-of-intradural-extramedullary-lesions-by-hemilaminectomy
#20
Juan F Villalonga, Andrés Cervio
Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of hemilaminectomy as a surgical approach in patients with intradural-extramedullary tumors. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients in which hemilaminectomy was as surgical approach in intradural-extramedullary tumors between June 2006 and December 2015. Demographics, preoperative symptoms, imaging characteristics, intraoperative findings, histological lineage, and postsurgical complications were analyzed. The average follow-up was 48...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
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