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Nr4a1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041844/reduced-expression-of-nr4a1-activates-glycolytic-pathway-in-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells
#1
Flávia Adolfo Corrocher, Luciana Bueno de Paiva, Adriana Silva Santos Duarte, Karla Priscila Ferro, Leonardo Dos Reis Silveira, Tanes Iamamura de Lima, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad, Mariana Lazarini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981157/effects-of-melatonin-on-fatty-liver-disease-the-role-of-nr4a1-dna-pkcs-p53-pathway-mitochondrial-fission-and-mitophagy
#2
Hao Zhou, Wenjuan Du, Ye Li, Chen Shi, Nan Hu, Sai Ma, Weihu Wang, Jun Ren
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) through poorly defined mechanisms. Melatonin supplementation has been found to protect liver function in diabetes and obesity. Here, we intensively explored the role and mechanism of melatonin in the development of NAFLD. We demonstrated that the onset of diet-induced NAFLD greatly caused NR4A1 upregulation in hepatocytes, leading to the activation of DNA-PKcs and p53. On the one hand, p53 aided Drp1 migration in the mitochondria and consequently drove mitochondrial fission...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980305/ly6c-high-monocytes-facilitate-transport-of-murid-herpesvirus-68-into-inflamed-joints-of-arthritic-mice
#3
Manon LeBel, Benoit Egarnes, Alexandre Brunet, Patricia Lacerte, Alexandre Paré, Steve Lacroix, Jacques P Brown, Jean Gosselin
Viruses, particularly the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has long been suspected to exacerbate acute arthritic symptoms. However, the cell populations that contribute to import viruses into the inflamed tissues remain to be identified. In the present study, we have investigated the role of monocytes in the transport of Murid herpesvirus 68 (MHV-68), a mouse virus closely related to EBV, using the serum transfer-induced arthritis (STIA) model. We found compelling evidence that MHV-68 infection markedly increased disease severity in NR4A1-/- mice, which are deficient for Ly6C(low) monocytes...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962999/nr4a1-plays-a-crucial-modulatory-role-in-th1-th17-cell-responses-and-cns-autoimmunity
#4
Li-Mei Wang, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li, Ming-Liang Zhang, Lin Zhu, Guang-Xian Zhang, Yu-Ming Xu
Nuclear receptor4 group A1 (Nr4a1), an orphan nuclear receptor, is down-regulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs) of individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), and Nr4a1 deficiency results in severe experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS, caused by increased macrophage infiltration into the central nervous system (CNS). However, the role of Nr4a1 in macrophage phenotype and T cell responses remains poorly understood. In the present study we show that macrophages/microglia of Nr4a1(-/-) mice, which exhibited earlier onset and more severe clinical EAE, were polarized to an enhanced type 1 (M1) phenotype and produced higher levels of IL-12 and TNF-α than wild type mice...
September 26, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951217/assessing-molecular-initiating-events-mies-key-events-kes-and-modulating-factors-mfs-for-styrene-responses-in-mouse-lungs-using-whole-genome-gene-expression-profiling-following-1-day-and-multi-week-exposures
#5
Melvin E Andersen, George Cruzan, Michael B Black, Salil N Pendse, Darol Dodd, James S Bus, Satinder S Sarang, Marcy I Banton, Robbie Waites, Patrick D McMullen
Styrene increased lung tumors in mice at chronic inhalation exposures of 20ppm and greater. MIEs, KEs and MFs were examined using gene expression in three strains of male mice (the parental C57BL/6 strain, a CYP2F2(-/-) knock out and a CYP2F2(-/-) transgenic containing human CYP2F1, 2A13 and 2B6). Exposures were for 1-day and 1, 4 and 26weeks. After 1-day exposures at 1, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 120ppm significant increases in differentially expressed genes (DEGs) occurred only in parental strain lungs where there was already an increase in DEGs at 5ppm and then many thousands of DEGs by 120ppm...
September 23, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940701/a-bioinformatic-algorithm-for-analyzing-cell-signaling-using-temporal-proteomic-data
#6
Chunchao Zhang, Yue Chen, Xinfang Mao, Yin Huang, Sung Yun Jung, Antrix Jain, Jun Qin, Yi Wang
Significance analysis of proteomic data generated by LC-MS/MS is challenging owing to great data variability originated from biological, operational and instrumental variations. Protein quantification by LC-MS/MS either in absolute or relative scale is often highly skewed, which put limitations on model-based statistical inference. For this purpose, we have developed an alternative non-parametric statistical algorithm (named IQR algorithm) for significance analysis of temporal proteomic data and have successfully applied our strategy in finding gefitinib-targeted transcription factors and coregulators in EGF (Epidermal Growth Factor)-stimulated HeLa cells...
September 22, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903348/nuclear-receptor-nr4a1-is-a-tumor-suppressor-down-regulated-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#7
Hongmei Wu, Jiong Bi, Yan Peng, Lei Huo, Xiaobin Yu, Zhihui Yang, Yunyun Zhou, Li Qin, Yixiang Xu, Lan Liao, Yang Xie, Orla M Conneely, Jos Jonkers, Jianming Xu
The nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily contains hormone-inducible transcription factors that regulate many physiological and pathological processes through regulating gene expression. NR4A1 is an NR family member that still does not have an identified endogenous ligand, and its role in cancer is also currently unclear and controversial. In this study, we aimed to define the expression profiles and specific role of NR4A1 in the highly malignant triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which still lacks available targeted therapies...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860151/myeloid-receptor-cd36-is-required-for-early-phagocytosis-of-myocardial-infarcts-and-induction-of-nr4a1-dependent-mechanisms-of-cardiac-repair
#8
Shirley Dehn, Edward B Thorp
Phagocytosis after myocardial infarction (MI) is a prerequisite to cardiac repair. Recruited monocytes clear necrotic cardiomyocytes and differentiate into cardiac macrophages. Some studies have linked apoptotic cell receptors on cardiac macrophages to tissue repair; however, the contribution of precursor monocyte phagocytic receptors, which are the first to interact with the cardiac parenchyma, is unclear. The scavenger receptor cluster of differentiation (CD)36 protein was detected on cardiac Ly6cHI monocytes, and bone marrow-derived Cd36 was essential for both early phagocytosis of dying cardiomyocytes and for smaller infarct sizes in female and male mice after permanent coronary ligation...
August 31, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844671/transcriptional-profiling-of-human-femoral-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-osteoporosis-and-its-association-with-adipogenesis
#9
Yong Jun Choi, Insun Song, Yilan Jin, Hyun-Seok Jin, Hyung Min Ji, Seon-Yong Jeong, Ye-Yeon Won, Yoon-Sok Chung
Genetic alterations are major contributing factors in the development of osteoporosis. Osteoblasts and adipocytes share a common origin, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and their genetic determinants might be important in the relationship between osteoporosis and obesity. In the present study, we aimed to isolate differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in osteoporosis and normal controls using human MSCs, and elucidate the common pathways and genes related to osteoporosis and adipogenesis. Human MSCs were obtained from the bone marrow of femurs from postmenopausal women during orthopedic surgeries...
October 20, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838387/tr3-is-involved-in-hypoxia-induced-apoptosis-resistance-in-lung-cancer-cells-downstream-of-hif-1%C3%AE
#10
Christoph Wohlkoenig, Katharina Leithner, Andrea Olschewski, Horst Olschewski, Andelko Hrzenjak
OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Like in all solid tumors, hypoxia is common in lung cancer and contributes to apoptosis, and thus chemotherapy resistance. However, the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. TR3 (NR4A1, Nur77) is an orphan nuclear receptor that induces apoptosis and may mediate chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used A549, H23 and H1299 cell lines to investigate how TR3-mediated apoptosis is affected by hypoxia in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells...
September 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834747/triggering-of-nod2-receptor-converts-inflammatory-ly6c-high-into-ly6c-low-monocytes-with-patrolling-properties
#11
Anne-Julie Lessard, Manon LeBel, Benoit Egarnes, Paul Préfontaine, Peter Thériault, Arnaud Droit, Alexandre Brunet, Serge Rivest, Jean Gosselin
The signals that regulate the fate of circulating monocytes remain unknown. In the present study, we demonstrate that triggering of the NOD2 receptor by muramyl dipeptide (MDP) converts inflammatory Ly6C(high) monocytes into patrolling Ly6C(low) monocytes. Administration of MDP to Nr4a1(-/-) mice, which lack Ly6C(low) monocytes, or to Ly6C(low)-depleted mice led to the emergence of blood-patrolling monocytes with a profile similar to that of Ly6C(low) monocytes, including high expression of CX3CR1 and LFA1...
August 22, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818208/catecholamine-dependent-%C3%AE-adrenergic-signaling-in-a-pluripotent-stem-cell-model%C3%A2-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#12
Thomas Borchert, Daniela Hübscher, Celina I Guessoum, Tuan-Dinh D Lam, Jelena R Ghadri, Isabel N Schellinger, Malte Tiburcy, Norman Y Liaw, Yun Li, Jan Haas, Samuel Sossalla, Mia A Huber, Lukas Cyganek, Claudius Jacobshagen, Ralf Dressel, Uwe Raaz, Viacheslav O Nikolaev, Kaomei Guan, Holger Thiele, Benjamin Meder, Bernd Wollnik, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann, Thomas F Lüscher, Gerd Hasenfuss, Christian Templin, Katrin Streckfuss-Bömeke
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is characterized by an acute left ventricular dysfunction and is associated with life-threating complications in the acute phase. The underlying disease mechanism in TTS is still unknown. A genetic basis has been suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to establish an in vitro induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) model of TTS, to test the hypothesis of altered β-adrenergic signaling in TTS iPSC-cardiomyocytes (CMs), and to explore whether genetic susceptibility underlies the pathophysiology of TTS...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771574/acute-and-chronic-effects-of-exercise-on-mrna-expression-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-two-mouse-models-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#13
Hiroki Nagase, Shuhei Yao, Shota Ikeda
Endurance exercise improves walking performance in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), which is characterized by skeletal muscle dysfunction caused by lower extremity ischemia. Although transcriptional analyses of exercise-induced changes in normal animals and healthy volunteers have been reported, no detailed study has explored exercise-induced alterations in gene expression in PAD animal models. Here, we determined the acute and chronic effects of exercise on mRNA expression in the skeletal muscles of two mouse models of PAD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754437/inactivation-of-the-orphan-nuclear-receptor-nr4a1-contributes-to-apoptosis-induction-by-fangchinoline-in-pancreatic-cancer-cells
#14
Hyo-Seon Lee, Stephen Safe, Syng-Ook Lee
Previous studies have demonstrated that the orphan nuclear receptor NR4A1 is overexpressed in human pancreatic cancer and antagonizing this receptor promotes apoptosis and inhibits pancreatic cancer cells and tumor growth. In the present study, we identified fangchinoline, a bisbenzyltetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloid from Stephania tetrandra, as a new inactivator of nuclear NR4A1 and demonstrated that fangchinoline inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, in part, via the NR4A1-dependent pro-apoptotic pathways in human pancreatic cancer cells...
October 1, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733346/regulation-and-action-of-early-growth-response-1-in-bovine-granulosa-cells
#15
Peng Han, Hilda Guerrero-Netro, Anthony Estienne, Binyun Cao, Christopher Price
Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) modify cell proliferation and differentiation through receptor tyrosine kinases, which stimulate the expression of transcription factors including members of the early growth response (EGR) family. In ovarian granulosa cells, most FGFs activate typical response genes, although the role of EGR proteins has not been described. In the present study, we determined the regulation of EGR mRNA by FGFs and explored the role of EGR1 in the regulation of FGF response genes. Addition of FGF1, FGF2, FGF4 or FGF8b increased EGR1 and EGR3 mRNA levels, whereas FGF18 increased only EGR1 mRNA abundance...
July 21, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713898/identification-of-potential-biomarkers-and-therapeutic-targets-for-human-iga-nephropathy-and-hypertensive-nephropathy-by-bioinformatics-analysis
#16
Yingchun Cui, Shengmao Liu, Wenpeng Cui, Dan Gao, Wenhua Zhou, Ping Luo
In order to further elucidate the potential correlations and treatments of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and hypertensive nephropathy (HT), bioinformatics analysis of IgAN and HT was performed. The mRNA expression profiles of human renal biopsy samples from patients with IgAN, patients with HT and pre‑transplant healthy living controls (LD) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Then, the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified and functions of DEGs were analyzed. Finally, the regulatory networks containing DEGs and related‑transcription factors (TFs) were constructed using Cytoscape software...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674186/transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-nr4a1-inducible-breast-cancer-cell-migration-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-is-p38%C3%AE-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-14-dependent
#17
Erik Hedrick, Stephen Safe
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β)-induced migration of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells is dependent on nuclear export of the orphan receptor NR4A1, which plays a role in proteasome-dependent degradation of SMAD7. In this study, we show that TGF-β induces p38α (mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 [MAPK14]), which in turn phosphorylates NR4A1, resulting in nuclear export of the receptor. TGF-β/p38α and NR4A1 also play essential roles in the induction of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and induction of β-catenin in TNBC cells, and these TGF-β-induced responses and nuclear export of NR4A1 are blocked by NR4A1 antagonists, the p38 inhibitor SB202190, and kinase-dead [p38(KD)] and dominant-negative [p38(DN)] forms of p38α...
September 15, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635301/stem-cell-mediated-paracrine-signaling-alters-fibroplasia-in-human-vocal-fold-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#18
Nao Hiwatashi, Renjie Bing, Iv Kraja, Ryan C Branski
OBJECTIVES: Interactions between mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and native vocal fold fibroblasts (VFFs) have not been described in spite of promising preliminary data regarding the effects of MSCs on vocal fold repair in vivo. The current study employed a conditioned media (CM) model to investigate the paracrine effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on VFFs. METHODS: Human VFFs were treated with transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1; 10 ng/mL), CM from human BMSCs following 48 hours of TGF-β1 stimulation, or CM+TGF-β1...
August 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622293/sumo-triggered-ubiquitination-of-nr4a1-controls-macrophage-cell-death
#19
Long Zhang, Feng Xie, Juan Zhang, Peter Ten Dijke, Fangfang Zhou
Nuclear receptor NR4A1 has been implicated as a key regulator in a wide range of pathophysiological responses. As an immediate early response gene, NR4A1 can be rapidly and potently induced by a variety of stimuli. Its induction is followed by its rapid degradation, but the mechanism by which NR4A1 is degraded remains poorly understood. Here we show that nuclear receptor NR4A1 is sumoylated by SUMO2/3. Upon poly-SUMO modification, NR4A1 can be targeted by the SUMO-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF4 for polyubiquitination and subsequent degradation...
September 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599476/identification-of-gene-markers-associated-with-metastasis-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#20
Hailing Yang, Pengfei Huo, Guozhang Hu, Bo Wei, Dalian Kong, Hongjun Li
The present study aimed to screen potential target genes for the early diagnosis and treatment of early metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) using the microarray data of early metastatic and non-metastatic ccRCC samples. The DNA microarray dataset GSE47352 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus and included 4 early metastatic and 5 non-metastatic ccRCC samples. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened using the limma package. Then, pheatmap package was used to conduct two-way clustering for the DEGs...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
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