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nicotine osteoblast

Dan Liang, Ke-Jing Wang, Zhi-Qun Tang, Run-He Liu, Fulei Zeng, Miao-Ying Cheng, Qi-Si Lian, Hong-Kun Wu
Smoking is a risk factor associated with bone and oral diseases, particularly periodontitis. Nicotine, the major toxic component of tobacco, is able to affect the quality and quantity of bone. Osteoblasts serve an important role in bone formation. Thus far, the effects of nicotine on metabolism‑associated gene and protein expression in osteoblasts have been controversial and the mechanisms remain unclear. The present study assessed alterations in osteogenic activity by performing a Cell Counting kit‑8 assay to investigate proliferation, Annexin V‑fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining to investigate apoptosis, alizarin red staining to investigate the formation of mineralized nodules, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting to investigate the mRNA and protein levels of collagen I, alkaline phosphatase, bone osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein and osteopontin; and mRNA microarray expression analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology analysis to investigate the whole genome expression profile of Sprague‑Dawley (SD) rat primary osteoblasts following treatment with different concentrations of nicotine...
April 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Vivien Kauschke, Annett Gebert, Mariana Calin, Jürgen Eckert, Sebastian Scheich, Christian Heiss, Katrin Susanne Lips
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of osteoporotic fractures is still challenging and an urgent need exists for new materials, better adapted to osteoporotic bone by adjusted Young's modulus, appropriate surface modification and pharmaceuticals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Titanium-40-niobium alloys, mechanically ground or additionally etched and titanium-6-aluminium-4-vanadium were analyzed in combination with brain-derived neurotrophic factor, acetylcholine and nicotine to determine their effects on human mesenchymal stem cells in vitro over 21 days using lactate dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase assays, live cell imaging and immunofluorescence microscopy...
2018: PloS One
Lorella Marinucci, Stefania Balloni, Katia Fettucciari, Maria Bodo, Vincenzo N Talesa, Cinzia Antognelli
Nicotine contained in cigarette smoke contributes to the onset of several diseases, including osteoporosis, whose emerging pathogenic mechanism is associated with osteoblasts apoptosis. Scanty information is available on the molecular mechanisms of nicotine on osteoblasts apoptosis and, consequently, on an important aspect of the pathogenesis of smokers-related osteoporosis. Glyoxalase 1 (Glo1) is the detoxification enzyme of methylglyoxal (MG), a major precursor of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), potent pro-apoptotic agents...
March 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Wei Hao, Rui Yang, Yang Yang, Sheng Jin, Yanqing Li, Fang Yuan, Qi Guo, Lin Xiao, Xin Wang, Fuwei Wang, Yuming Wu, Xu Teng
AIMS: Vascular calcification (VC) underlies substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. No clinically therapies have emerged presently. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is one of the most often used sympathetic blockade procedure, and regulates vascular dilation. However, the effect of SGB on VC is still unknown. Therefore, we aimed to identify the ameliorative effect of SGB on VC. KEY FINDING: In vivo VC was induced in rats by administering vitamin D3 plus nicotine (VDN), and in vitro calcification of rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) was induced by β-glycerophosphate...
January 15, 2018: Life Sciences
Maryam Torshabi, Zeinab Rezaei Esfahrood, Mahshid Jamshidi, Abbas Mansuri Torshizi, Samira Sotoudeh
Nicotine has adverse cellular and molecular effects on oral mucosa, bone, and teeth. Vitamin E (α-tocopherol) and vitamin C (ascorbic acid) are biological antioxidants with positive effects on wound healing and bone formation. This in vitro study sought to assess the cytotoxic effects of different concentrations of nicotine and cotinine (a metabolite of nicotine) on MG-63 osteoblast-like cells and human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) in the presence and absence of antioxidant vitamins E and C (separately and combined)...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
Hui Li, Xu Teng, Rui Yang, Qi Guo, Hongmei Xue, Lin Xiao, Xiaocui Duan, Danyang Tian, Xiaohong Feng, Yuming Wu
Arterial baroreflex is a general mechanism maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis; its sensitivity is reduced in vascular calcification (VC). Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) treatment facilitates baroreflexive sensitivity in normal and hypertensive rats. Here, we aimed to detect the effect of H2S on baroreflexive sensitivity in rats with VC. The rat VC model was induced by vitamin D3 plus nicotine for 4 weeks. The sensitivity of baroreflex was detected by perfusing the isolated carotid sinus. VC was assessed by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Ca(2+) content and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Kazuaki Mito, Yuiko Sato, Tami Kobayashi, Kana Miyamoto, Eriko Nitta, Atsushi Iwama, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura, Kazuki Sato, Takeshi Miyamoto
The nicotinic receptor α7nAchR reportedly regulates vagal nerve targets in brain and cardiac tissue. Here we show that nAchR7(-/-) mice exhibit increased bone mass due to decreased osteoclast formation, accompanied by elevated osteoprotegerin/RANKL ratios in serum. Vagotomy in wild-type mice also significantly increased the serum osteoprotegerin/RANKL ratio, and elevated bone mass seen in nAchR7(-/-) mice was reversed in α7nAchR/osteoprotegerin-doubly-deficient mice. α7nAchR loss significantly increased TNFα expression in Mac1-positive macrophages, and TNFα increased the osteoprotegerin/RANKL ratio in osteoblasts...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
Paul Dimitri, Cliff Rosen
Our understanding of the control of skeletal metabolism has undergone a dynamic shift in the last two decades, primarily driven by our understanding of energy metabolism. Evidence demonstrating that leptin not only influences bone cells directly, but that it also plays a pivotal role in controlling bone mass centrally, opened up an investigative process that has changed the way in which skeletal metabolism is now perceived. Other central regulators of bone metabolism have since been identified including neuropeptide Y (NPY), serotonin, endocannabinoids, cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART), adiponectin, melatonin and neuromedin U, controlling osteoblast and osteoclast differentiation, proliferation and function...
May 2017: Calcified Tissue International
Maryam Torshabi, Zeinab Rezaei Esfahrood, Parisan Gholamin, Elahe Karami
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that oxidative stress induced by nicotine plays an important role in bone loss. Vitamin E with its antioxidative properties may be able to reverse the effects of nicotine on bone. This study aimed to assess the effects of nicotine in the presence and absence of vitamin E on morphology, viability and osteogenic gene expression in MG-63 (osteosarcoma) human osteoblast-like cells. METHODS: We treated the cells with 5 mM nicotine. The viability and morphology of cells were evaluated respectively using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium (MTT) and crystal violet assays...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Feng Ma, Fan Gong, Jinhan Lv, Jun Gao, Jingzu Ma
Osteoporosis is one common disease in postmenopausal women due to depressed estrogen level. It has been known that inflammatory factors are involved in osteoporosis pathogenesis. One regulator of inflammatory cascade reaction, a7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (a7nAChR), therefore, may exert certain role in osteoporosis. This study thus investigated this question on an osteoporosis rat model after castration. Rats were firstly castrated to induce osteoporosis, and then received a7nAChR agonist (PNU-282987), diethylstilbestrol or saline via intraperitoneal injection...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Sebastian Ternes, Katja Trinkaus, Ivonne Bergen, Sven Knaack, Michael Gelinsky, Olaf Kilian, Christian Heiss, Katrin Susanne Lips
Recent studies showed that the non-neuronal cholinergic system (NNCS) is taking part in bone metabolism. Most studies investigated its role in osteoblasts, but up to now, the involvement of the NNCS in human osteoclastogenesis remains relatively unclear. Thus, aim of the present study was to determine whether the application of acetylcholine (ACh, 10(−4) M), nicotine (10(−6) M), mineralized collagen membranes or brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF, 40 ng/mL) influences the mRNA regulation of molecular components of the NNCS and the neurotrophin family during osteoclastogenesis...
November 2015: International Immunopharmacology
Andreas Zablotni, Olga Dakischew, Katja Trinkaus, Sonja Hartmann, Gabor Szalay, Christian Heiss, Katrin Susanne Lips
Acetylcholine (ACh) is an important signaling molecule in non-neuronal systems where it is involved in regulation of viability, proliferation, differentiation and migration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) that are capable to differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes and adipocytes. Patients with the systemic disease osteoporosis show altered MSC properties, reduced bone formation and mineral density followed by increased bone fragility and high fracture incidence. Here we asked whether nicotinic and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) are expressed in osteoblasts, adipocytes and chondrocytes differentiated from bone MSC extracted from human reaming debris (RDMSC) that was harvested during surgery of long bone diaphyseal fractures...
November 2015: International Immunopharmacology
Yong Li, Chen Yu, Guangsi Shen, Guangfei Li, Junkang Shen, Youjia Xu, Jianping Gong
Increasing evidence has suggested an important role played by reactive oxygen species in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Tobacco smoking is an important risk factor for the development of osteoporosis, and nicotine is one of the major components in tobacco. However, the mechanism by which nicotine promotes osteoporosis is not fully understood. Here, in this study, we found that nicotine-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage in osteoblasts differentiated from mouse mesenchymal stem cell...
April 2015: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Katrin S Lips, Özcan Yanko, Mathias Kneffel, Imke Panzer, Vivien Kauschke, Maria Madzharova, Anja Henss, Peter Schmitz, Marcus Rohnke, Tobias Bäuerle, Yifei Liu, Marian Kampschulte, Alexander C Langheinrich, Lutz Dürselen, Anita Ignatius, Christian Heiss, Reinhard Schnettler, Olaf Kilian
BACKGROUND: Recently, analysis of bone from knockout mice identified muscarinic acetylcholine receptor subtype M3 (mAChR M3) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunit α2 as positive regulator of bone mass accrual whereas of male mice deficient for α7-nAChR (α7KO) did not reveal impact in regulation of bone remodeling. Since female sex hormones are involved in fair coordination of osteoblast bone formation and osteoclast bone degradation we assigned the current study to analyze bone strength, composition and microarchitecture of female α7KO compared to their corresponding wild-type mice (α7WT)...
2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Maya Nagaie, Aki Nishiura, Yoshitomo Honda, Shin-Ichi Fujiwara, Naoyuki Matsumoto
Tobacco smoke is a complex mixture of numerous components. Nevertheless, most experiments have examined the effects of individual chemicals in tobacco smoke. The comprehensive effects of components on tooth movement and bone resorption remain unexplored. Here, we have shown that a comprehensive mixture of tobacco smoke components (TSCs) attenuated bone resorption through osteoclastogenesis inhibition, thereby retarding experimental tooth movement in a rat model. An elastic power chain (PC) inserted between the first and second maxillary molars robustly yielded experimental tooth movement within 10 days...
October 15, 2014: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Tareq Al-Qattan, Mena Soory
Our study seeks to explore anabolic effects of a periodontal regenerative agent enamel matrix derivative (EMD). Its modulation by nicotine and the anti-oxidant glutathione (GSH) are investigated in human periosteal fibroblasts (HPF) and MG63 osteoblasts. Androgen biomarkers of oxidative stress and healing, resulting from radiolabeled androgen substrates are assayed. This in vitro model simulates a redox environment relevant to the periodontal lesion. It aims to confirm the hypothesis that EMD is an effective regenerative agent in a typically redox environment of the periodontal lesion...
2012: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
Soycan Mizrak, Volkan Turan, Sevinc Inan, Aysegul Uysal, Candeger Yilmaz, Gülinnaz Ercan
AIM: The signaling pathway OPG/RANK/RANKL is a key in maintaining the balance between the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts in order to prevent bone loss. In this study, our aim was to assess the effects of long-term nicotine exposure on plasma RANKL and OPG levels, tissue RANKL and OPG immunoreactivities, and bone mineral density (BMD) scores in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six Swiss Albino rats weighing 70 ± 10 g were divided into three groups. While the controls (n = 12) were only given normal drinking water, for low-dose nicotine (LDN) group (n = 12) 0...
December 2014: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Lorella Marinucci, Maria Bodo, Stefania Balloni, Paola Locci, Tiziano Baroni
Exposure to nicotine and other compounds contained in cigarette smoking affects human health. This study examined the effects of exposure to a single or multiple sub-toxic nicotine concentrations on human osteoblasts. Cell growth and expression of genes involved in bone differentiation, extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism, and growth factor signaling pathways were investigated in nicotine-treated cells compared to untreated cells. Depending on osteoblast concentration and maturation stages, nicotine differently regulated cell growth...
December 2014: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Yuanyuan Ma, Xianxian Li, Jing Fu, Yue Li, Li Gao, Ling Yang, Ping Zhang, Jiefei Shen, Hang Wang
The identification of the neuronal control of bone remodeling has become one of the many significant recent advances in bone biology. Cholinergic activity has recently been shown to favor bone mass accrual by complex cellular regulatory networks. Here, we identified the gene expression of the muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (m- and nAChRs) in mice tibia tissue and in osteocytic MLO-Y4 cells. Acetylcholine, which is a classical neurotransmitter and an osteo-neuromediator, not only influences the mRNA expression of the AChR subunits but also significantly induces the proliferation and viability of osteocytes...
March 25, 2014: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Scott D Daffner, Stacey Waugh, Timothy L Norman, Nilay Mukherjee, John C France
Previous studies by our group showed that nicotine delivered via a transdermal nicotine patch significantly enhanced posterior spinal fusion rates in rabbits. Nicotine transdermal patches provide a steady serum level; there may be a dose-dependent effect of nicotine on posterior spinal fusion. In an in vitro cell culture model of rabbit bone marrow-derived osteoblast-like cells, cells were exposed to different concentrations of nicotine (0, 20, 40, 80 ng/mL and 10, 100, 250 μg/mL). Wells were stained with an alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining kit to determine ALP enzyme activity...
September 2012: Global Spine Journal
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