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Concurrent training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331054/artist-a-fully-automated-artifact-rejection-algorithm-for-single-pulse-tms-eeg-data
#1
Wei Wu, Corey J Keller, Nigel C Rogasch, Parker Longwell, Emmanuel Shpigel, Camarin E Rolle, Amit Etkin
Concurrent single-pulse TMS-EEG (spTMS-EEG) is an emerging noninvasive tool for probing causal brain dynamics in humans. However, in addition to the common artifacts in standard EEG data, spTMS-EEG data suffer from enormous stimulation-induced artifacts, posing significant challenges to the extraction of neural information. Typically, neural signals are analyzed after a manual time-intensive and often subjective process of artifact rejection. Here we describe a fully automated algorithm for spTMS-EEG artifact rejection...
January 13, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330460/enhanced-skeletal-muscle-ribosome-biogenesis-yet-attenuated-mtorc1-and-ribosome-biogenesis-related-signalling-following-short-term-concurrent-versus-single-mode-resistance-training
#2
Jackson J Fyfe, David J Bishop, Jonathan D Bartlett, Erik D Hanson, Mitchell J Anderson, Andrew P Garnham, Nigel K Stepto
Combining endurance training with resistance training (RT) may attenuate skeletal muscle hypertrophic adaptation versus RT alone; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We investigated changes in markers of ribosome biogenesis, a process linked with skeletal muscle hypertrophy, following concurrent training versus RT alone. Twenty-three males underwent eight weeks of RT, either performed alone (RT group, n = 8), or combined with either high-intensity interval training (HIT+RT group, n = 8), or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT+RT group, n = 7)...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#3
Sophia H Hu, Mei R Fu, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
Findings from this mixed-methods study reveal deficits and suggest areas for change. ABSTRACT: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320790/-learning-in-protected-environment-implementation-in-continuing-medical-education
#4
Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Hendrik Eismann
Actual concepts in continuing medical education in acute or emergency medicine contain skill training as well as simulation training. Methods and mechanisms to reduce crisis, like human factor training, shared mental models or closed-loop communication are incorporated. It is unknown which training method is optimal for individual departments in hospitals or for the individual level of education of the healthcare provider. A concept we provide is the so called "learning in protected environment": this environment protects the course participants and our patients from negative consequences of a conventional hands-on training...
January 2018: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318632/reflexivity-without-identity-matching-training-a-first-demonstration
#5
Melissa Swisher, Peter J Urcuioli
Until now, the equivalence property of reflexivity-matching physically identical stimuli to themselves after training on a set of arbitrary matching relations-has not been demonstrated in any animal, human or nonhuman. Previous reports of reflexivity have either implicitly or explicitly involved reinforced training on other identity matching relations. Here we demonstrate reflexivity without prior identity matching training. Pigeons received concurrent successive matching training on three arbitrary matching tasks: AB (hue-form), BC (form-hue), and AC (hue-hue with different hues in the A and C sets)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318619/feasibility-of-and-teacher-preference-for-student-led-implementation-of-the-good-behavior-game-in-early-elementary-classrooms
#6
Jeanne M Donaldson, Ashley L Matter, Katie M Wiskow
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a classwide group contingency shown to reduce disruptive student behavior. We examined the feasibility of training young students to lead the GBG in one first-grade and three kindergarten classes. We also examined teacher preference for teacher-led GBG, student-led GBG, or no GBG using a concurrent chains procedure. We successfully trained students in all classes to lead the GBG, and the GBG reduced disruptive behavior regardless of who implemented it. Preference for who implemented the game varied across teachers...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318107/the-3600child-profile-a-reliable-and-valid-tool-to-visualize-integral-child-information
#7
Miriam Weijers, Frans J M Feron, Caroline H G Bastiaenen
A 3600Child-profile, with theoretically ordered, integral child-information visualized in one image, is designed by the Dutch preventive Child and Youth Health Care (CYHC). The introduction of this new data/information carrier gives an important incentive to enhance a transformation towards personalized health care for children and adolescents by supporting the complex medical thought process of CYHCmedical doctors (MD's). This information tool aims to effectively estimate child's functioning, detect emerging health problems and inform parents and caregivers...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311368/education-research-difficult-conversations-in-neurology-lessons-learned-from-medical-students
#8
Monica E Lemmon, Charlene Gamaldo, Rachel Marie E Salas, Ankita Saxena, Tiana E Cruz, Renee D Boss, Roy E Strowd
OBJECTIVE: To characterize features of medical student exposure to difficult conversations during a neurology core clerkship. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional concurrent nested mixed methods study, and all students rotating through a required neurology clerkship between 2014 and 2015 were enrolled. Data collection included an electronic communication tracker, baseline and end-of-clerkship surveys, and 4 facilitated focus groups. Students were asked to log exposure to patient-clinician conversations about (1) new disability, (2) poor prognosis, (3) prognostic uncertainty (4), terminal diagnosis, and (5) end-of-life care...
January 9, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306767/effects-of-concurrent-training-on-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Vania Fernanda Clemente Agner, Marcia Carvalho Garcia, Andre Andriolli Taffarel, Camila Baudini Mourão, Isabel Paulo da Silva, Sara Pereira da Silva, Maria Stella Peccin, Império Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent among older adults. Concurrent training comprises muscle strengthening and aerobic exercise. OBJECTIVE: Determine the effects of a concurrent training program on muscle strength, walking function, metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk, use of medications and quality of life among older adults with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A randomised, controlled, blind, clinical trial was conducted in the city of Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil, involving 41 male and female older adults...
December 24, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305251/cardiac-arrest-during-pregnancy-ongoing-clinical-conundrum-an-expert-review
#10
REVIEW
Carolyn M Zelop, Sharon Einav, Jill M Mhyre, Stephanie Martin
While global maternal mortality has decreased in the last 25 years, the maternal mortality ratio in the United States has actually increased. Maternal mortality is a complex phenomenon involving multifaceted socioeconomic and clinical parameters including inequalities in access to health care, racial and ethnic disparities, maternal comorbidities and epidemiologic ascertainment bias. Escalating maternal mortality underscores the importance of clinician preparedness to respond to maternal cardiac arrest that may occur in any maternal health care setting...
January 2, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303008/behavioural-modes-of-adherence-to-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-grounded-theory-study
#11
Dorthe Sørensen, Marie Ernst Christensen
PURPOSE: Our aim was to develop a theoretical account of the behavioural pattern of adherence to home-based inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), performed as two daily sessions of 30 breaths with mechanical threshold loading. METHODS: This was a qualitative study based on the classic grounded theory method. We conducted interviews with people living with COPD recruited after completion of 6 weeks of outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program in 2015...
January 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284165/lactate-threshold-as-a-measure-of-aerobic-metabolism-in-resistance-exercise
#12
Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Noemí Serra-Paya, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
In resistance training, load intensity is usually calculated as the percentage of a maximum repetition (1RM) or maximum number of possible repetitions (% of 1RM). Some studies have proposed a lactate threshold (LT) intensity as an optimal approach for concurrent training of cardiorespiratory endurance and muscle strength, as well as an alternative in resistance training. The objective of the present study was to analyze the results obtained in research evaluating the use of LT in resistance training. A keyword and search tree strategy identified 14 relevant articles in the Dialnet, Elsevier, Medline, Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280685/associations-among-comorbid-anxiety-psychiatric-symptomatology-and-diabetic-control-in-a-population-with-serious-mental-illness-and-diabetes-findings-from-an-interventional-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Awais Aftab, Chetan Bhat, Douglas Gunzler, Kristin Cassidy, Charles Thomas, Richard McCormick, Neal V Dawson, Martha Sajatovic
Objective Serious mental illness and type II diabetes mellitus have a high comorbidity, and both have a higher prevalence of anxiety disorders compared to the general population. Targeted Training in Illness Management is a group-based self-management training approach which targets serious mental illness and type II diabetes mellitus concurrently. This analysis examines data from a randomized controlled trial of Targeted Training in Illness Management intervention to examine the impact of comorbid anxiety on baseline psychiatric symptomatology and diabetic control, and on longitudinal treatment outcomes...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273303/the-impact-of-two-triggered-palliative-care-consultation-approaches-on-consult-implementation-in-oncology
#14
Lisa D DiMartino, Bryan J Weiner, Laura C Hanson, Morris Weinberger, Sarah A Birken, Katherine Reeder-Hayes, Justin G Trogdon
INTRODUCTION: Studies show palliative care delivered concurrently with cancer treatment improves outcomes, yet palliative care integration with inpatient oncology is underused. A promising approach to improve integration is a triggered palliative care consultation (TPCC). This study evaluated the impact of two TPCC approaches on consistency and quality of consult implementation, operationalized as uptake and timeliness, on solid tumor medical and gynecologic oncology services at an academic hospital...
December 19, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258564/effectiveness-of-a-campaign-to-implement-chlorhexidine-use-for-newborns-in-rural-haiti
#15
Susan M Walsh, Kathleen F Norr, Heather Sipsma, Leslie A Cordes, Girija Sankar
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine topical cord application is recommended to prevent umbilical cord infections in newborns delivered at home in low-resource settings. A community campaign introducing chlorhexidine for the first time in Haiti was developed. Traditional birth attendants (TBAs) were identified as implementers since they typically cut newborns' cords. TBAs were trained to apply chlorhexidine to the cord and demonstrate this procedure to the mother. Concurrently TBAs explained reasons for using chlorhexidine exclusively instead of traditional cord care practices...
December 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251253/permutations-of-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-classification-may-not-be-normally-distributed
#16
Mohammed S Al-Rawi, Adelaide Freitas, João V Duarte, Joao P Cunha, Miguel Castelo-Branco
A fundamental question that often occurs in statistical tests is the normality of distributions. Countless distributions exist in science and life, but one distribution that is obtained via permutations, usually referred to as permutation distribution, is interesting. Although a permutation distribution should behave in accord with the central limit theorem, if both the independence condition and the identical distribution condition are fulfilled, no studies have corroborated this concurrence in functional magnetic resonance imaging data...
December 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239517/nanoparticulate-delivery-of-cancer-cell-membrane-elicits-multiantigenic-antitumor-immunity
#17
Ashley V Kroll, Ronnie H Fang, Yao Jiang, Jiarong Zhou, Xiaoli Wei, Chun Lai Yu, Jie Gao, Brian T Luk, Diana Dehaini, Weiwei Gao, Liangfang Zhang
Anticancer vaccines train the body's own immune system to recognize and eliminate malignant cells based on differential antigen expression. While conceptually attractive, clinical efficacy is lacking given several key challenges stemming from the similarities between cancerous and healthy tissue. Ideally, an effective vaccine formulation would deliver multiple tumor antigens in a fashion that potently stimulates endogenous immune responses against those antigens. Here, it is reported on the fabrication of a biomimetic, nanoparticulate anticancer vaccine that is capable of delivering autologously derived tumor antigen material together with a highly immunostimulatory adjuvant...
December 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230868/frequency-distribution-of-osteochondral-fragmentation-of-the-dorsoproximal-articular-surface-of-the-proximal-phalanx-in-racing-thoroughbreds-in-the-uk
#18
R Walsh, M R W Smith, I M Wright
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral fragmentation of the dorsoproximal margin of the proximal phalanx is commonly recognised in racing Thoroughbreds. Frequency distribution has been documented in racing Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses in the USA and in European Warmbloods but no data have been published from the UK. Concurrent intra-articular soft tissue lesions and radiographic accuracy of fragment distribution in racing Thoroughbreds have not previously been reported. OBJECTIVES: To document frequency distribution of dorsoproximal fragmentation of the proximal phalanx in a UK population of racing Thoroughbreds and to compare this with published data...
December 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227735/effect-of-8-weeks-of-concurrent-plyometric-and-running-training-on-spatiotemporal-and-physiological-variables-of-novice-runners
#19
Josué Gómez-Molina, Ana Ogueta-Alday, Jesus Camara, Christopher Stickley, Juan García-López
Concurrent plyometric and running training has the potential to improve running economy (RE) and performance through increasing muscle strength and power, but the possible effect on spatiotemporal parameters of running has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of 8 weeks of concurrent plyometric and running training on spatiotemporal parameters and physiological variables of novice runners. Twenty-five male participants were randomly assigned into two training groups; running group (RG) (n = 11) and running + plyometric group (RPG) (n = 14)...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225958/overcoming-challenges-in-implementing-the-who-surgical-safety-checklist-lessons-learnt-from-using-a-checklist-training-course-to-facilitate-rapid-scale-up-in-madagascar
#20
REVIEW
Kristin L Close, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina A Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina N Rakotoarison, Emily Bruno, Alison Herbert, Vanessa Andean, James Callahan, Hery H Andriamanjato, Michelle C White
The WHO Surgical Safety Checklist was launched in 2009, and appropriate use reduces mortality, surgical site infections and complications after surgery by up to 50%. Implementation across low-income and middle-income countries has been slow; published evidence is restricted to reports from a few single institutions, and significant challenges to successful implementation have been identified and presented. The Mercy Ships Medical Capacity Building team developed a multidisciplinary 3-day Surgical Safety Checklist training programme designed for rapid wide-scale implementation in all regional referral hospitals in Madagascar...
2017: BMJ Global Health
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