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Concurrent training

Lelia Barks, Cynthia Garvan, Barbara Crane, Matthew Peterson, Lisa M Brown, Gail Powell-Cope
PURPOSE: Earlier, we reported development and initial testing of a rapid, low burden measure of wheelchair seated posture (the Seated Posture Scale [SPS]) for research and clinical use. The purpose of this study was to test the intrarater reliability, interrater reliability, and criterion related validity of the SPS. DESIGN: We used a descriptive design to test and develop the instrument. METHODS: We used the method described by Walter, Donner, and Eliasziw to determine 46 participants were needed, from two Veterans Administration nursing homes or CLCs (community living centers)...
March 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
Kristin J Perry, Joseph M Price
This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e., whether the sibling was a biological sibling to the foster child) were evaluated as moderators of significant associations. Data were collected at the baseline of a foster parent training intervention program prior to any intervention services using parent phone interviews ( N = 310, 51...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Anna Vera Cuppone, Marianna Semprini, Jürgen Konczak
Sensorimotor learning is a bidirectional process associated with concurrent neuroplastic changes in the motor and somatosensory system. While motor memory consolidation and retention have been extensively studied during skill acquisition, little is known about the formation and consolidation of somatosensory memory associated with motor learning. Using a robotic exoskeleton, we tracked markers of somatosensory and motor learning while healthy participants trained to make goal-directed wrist reaching movements over five days and evaluated retention for up to 10 days after practice...
March 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Gordon G Wisbach, Joshua Peters, Jenise Leon Guerrero, Nelson Mozzini, Helen Metzger
Introduction: The obesity epidemic in the USA includes active duty service members in the military and effects physical readiness. At the Naval Medical Center San Diego command, the Health & Wellness Department is charged with administering the Weight Management Programs (WMP) for sailors in the San Diego area to ensure military physical readiness requirements. The optimal allocation of personnel and resources to manage these programs is paramount for mission success. We analyzed the cost and effectiveness of the WMPs for the active duty population stationed at Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD) with the intent of offering potential recommendations for program optimization...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Patrizia Ciammella, Giorgia Timon, Alessio Bruni, Davide Franceschini, Paolo Borghetti, Nicolò Giaj-Levra, Carlo Greco, Vieri Scotti, Marco Trovo
INTRODUCTION: Radiation therapy plays an important role in the management of SCLC both in curative and palliative setting, however, conflicting data from clinical trials incite debate over the appropriate use of radiation therapy regarding prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) and/or thoracic consolidative in extensive-stage SCLC (ES-SCLC). This survey is conducted to evaluate the current pattern of care among Italian radiation oncologists. METHODS: In June 2016, all Italian radiation oncologists were invited to a web-based survey...
March 13, 2018: La Radiologia Medica
Se-Ho Park, Sung-Hee Cho, Ji-Young Han
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the modified plaque score (MPS) for assessing the oral hygiene status of periodontitis patients. Methods: A total of 116 patients were included in this study. After evaluation of the Löe and Silness gingival index (GI), Silness and Löe plaque index (PlI), O'Leary plaque control record (PCR), and MPS, patients were randomly assigned to either a conventional tooth brushing instruction (C-TBI) group (n=56) or a professional intraoral tooth brushing instruction (P-TBI) group (n=60)...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Linda Gerencsér, Nóra Bunford, Alexandra Moesta, Ádám Miklósi
Although there is ample data indicating that reward processing plays an important role in human psychopathologies and pharmaco- and psychotherapy treatment response, the corresponding animal-model research needs to be extended to models whose motivational and social dispositions are better generalizable than those of the traditional models. Accordingly, our aim was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of an owner-report rating scale of reward responsiveness in domestic dogs (N = 2149) and then to examine individual differences in reward responsiveness...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jane M Garbutt, Sherry Dodd, Emily Walling, Amanda A Lee, Katharine Kulka, Rebecca Lobb
BACKGROUND: The national guideline for use of the vaccine targeting oncogenic strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an evidence-based practice that is poorly implemented in primary care. Recommendations include completion of the vaccine series before the 13th birthday for girls and boys, giving the first dose at the 11- to 12-year-old check-up visit, concurrent with other recommended vaccines. Interventions to increase implementation of this guideline have had little impact, and opportunities to prevent cancer continue to be missed...
March 13, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Debbie L Croyden, Helen A Vidgen, Emma Esdaile, Emely Hernandez, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: PEACH™QLD translated the PEACH™ Program, designed to manage overweight/obesity in primary school-aged children, from efficacious RCT and small scale community trial to a larger state-wide program. This paper describes the lessons learnt when upscaling to universal health coverage. METHODS: The 6-month, family-focussed program was delivered in Queensland, Australia from 2013 to 2016. Its implementation was planned by researchers who developed the program and conducted the RCT, and experienced project managers and practitioners across the health continuum...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Robin A Wilson, William Deasy, Christos G Stathis, Alan Hayes, Matthew B Cooke
Intermittent fasting (IF) and high intensity interval training (HIIT) are effective lifestyle interventions for improving body composition and overall health. However, the long-term effects of IF and potential synergistic effects of combining IF with exercise are unclear. The purpose of the study was to investigate the long-term effects of IF, with or without HIIT, on body composition and markers of metabolic health in diet-induced obese mice. In a randosmised, controlled design, 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice (males ( n = 39) and females ( n = 49)) were fed a high fat (HF) and sugar (S) water diet (30% ( w / v )) for 24-weeks but were separated into five groups at 12-weeks: (1) 'obese' baseline control (OBC); (2) no intervention (CON); (3) intermittent fasting (IF); (4) high intensity intermittent exercise (HIIT) and (5) combination of dietary and exercise intervention (IF + HIIT)...
March 12, 2018: Nutrients
Yogev Koren, Yoav Raanan, Yisrael Parmet, Simona Bar-Haim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Walking is a complex human behavior, usually performed in a dynamic environment. Gait parameters are thought to reflect this complexity. Re-StepTM is a therapy system in the form of a computerized shoe, originally developed for the training and rehabilitation of individuals with brain damage. This system may be used as model for studying the complexity that underlies gait. As the first step, we present here the feasibility of the model, after establishing the validity and reliability of stride time and stride-time variability, observed in healthy adults...
March 13, 2018: Physiological Measurement
Joseph M Kheir, Carla J Guthridge, Jonathon R Johnston, Lucas J Adams, Astrid Rasmussen, Timothy F Gross, Melissa E Munroe, Rebecka L Bourn, Kathy L Sivils, Joel M Guthridge, Michael H Weisman, Daniel J Wallace, Juan-Manuel Anaya, Adriana Rojas Villarraga, James N Jarvis, John B Harley, Judith A James
Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with varied morbidity and mortality. We assessed clinical presentations, autoantibody specificities and therapeutic interventions in Native American (NA) patients with SLE. Methods: Patients with SLE meeting 1997 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria (n=3148) were enrolled between 1992 and 2010 in the multiethnic, cross-sectional Lupus Family Registry and Repository...
2018: Lupus Science & Medicine
Fereshteh Aein
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional learning is identified as one of the most innovative ways to encourage students of different disciplines to communicate with each other in interprofessional teams. A review of existing studies identified that inter-professional learning with nursing and midwifery students learning together had not previously been reported. AIM: This qualitative study sought to explore perceptions and experiences of midwifery students from interprofessional learning with nursing students...
March 8, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
M Douglas Jones, Traci Yamashita, Randal G Ross, Jennifer Gong
BACKGROUND: Although medical school programs oriented toward postgraduate specialty training have the potential to reduce the duration and cost of medical school for US medical students, success depends on the ability of students to predict their postgraduate specialties. It is clear that first-year choices are poorly predictive, but it is not known when predictions become sufficiently reliable to support specialty-oriented learning programs. We therefore examined the predictive value of specialty preferences expressed at the ends of the first, second and third years of medical school and asked whether concurrent expressions of confidence in choices improved predictive ability...
March 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
George Melich, Ajit Pai, Ramy Shoela, Kunal Kochar, Supriya Patel, John Park, Leela Prasad, Slawomir Marecik
BACKGROUND: Apprenticeship in training new surgical skills is problematic, because it involves human subjects. To date there are limited inanimate trainers for rectal surgery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present manufacturing details accompanied by evidence of construct, face, and content validity for a robotic rectal dissection simulation. DESIGN: Residents versus experts were recruited and tested on performing simulated total mesorectal excision...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Antonin Dréan, Shai Rosenberg, François-Xavier Lejeune, Larissa Goli, Aravindan Arun Nadaradjane, Jérémy Guehennec, Charlotte Schmitt, Maïté Verreault, Franck Bielle, Karima Mokhtari, Sanson Marc, Alexandre Carpentier, Delattre Jean-Yves, Ahmed Idbaih
ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABC transporters) regulate traffic of multiple compounds, including chemotherapeutic agents, through biological membranes. They are expressed by multiple cell types and have been implicated in the drug resistance of some cancer cells. Despite significant research in ABC transporters in the context of many diseases, little is known about their expression and clinical value in glioblastoma (GBM). We analyzed expression of 49 ABC transporters in both commercial and patient-derived GBM cell lines as well as from 51 human GBM tumor biopsies...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Steffie V Gundersen, Robert Goodman, Lars Clemmensen, Martin K Rimvall, Anja Munkholm, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Jim Van Os, Pia Jeppesen
AIM: Valid instruments for the early identification of psychotic experiences (PE) and symptoms in youths are urgently needed for large-scale preventive interventions. A new section of The-Development-and-Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) measuring child self-reported PE has yet to be validated. The current study aimed to investigate the concurrent validity of DAWBA-based self-reported PE (PE-S) with regard to interview-based measures of PE (PE-I). METHODS: Participants were 1571 (47...
March 8, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Yoshiko Izawa, Hisao Suzuki
Focal stimulation in the frontal eye field (FEF) evoked eye movements that were often accompanied by neck movements. Experiments were performed with concurrent recording of both movements in trained monkeys. We recorded neck forces under a head-restrained condition using a force-measuring system. With the system, we measured forces along the x, y, and z axes and torque about the z axis. Torque about the z axis that represented yaw rotation of the head was significantly affected by stimulation. We found that stimulation generated two types of motor actions of the eyes and neck...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
Edward L Melanson, Kate Lyden, Ellie Gibbons, Kathleen M Gavin, Pamela Wolfe, Margaret E Wierman, Robert S Schwartz, Wendy M Kohrt
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of 5 months of ovarian hormone suppression in pre-menopausal women on objectively measured physical activity (PA). METHODS: Participants (age = 35±8 yr; body mass index = 27±6 kgm) received monthly intramuscular injections of gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist therapy (GnRHAG) which suppresses pituitary gonadotropins and results in suppression of ovarian sex hormones. Women were randomized to receive concurrent transdermal E2 (GnRHAG+E2; n=30) or placebo (GnRHAG+PL, n=31)...
March 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Athos Trecroci, Damiano Formenti, Nicola Ludwig, Marco Gargano, Andrea Bosio, Ermanno Rampinini, Giampietro Alberti
Although moderate relationships (| r | ∼ 0.5) were reported between skin temperature and performance-related variables (e.g., kinetic), it remains unclear whether skin temperature asymmetry reflects muscle force imbalance in cycling. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether a relationship exists between kinetic and thermal asymmetry during a fatiguing exercise. Ten elite cyclists were enrolled and tested on a maximal incremental cycling test. Peak crank torques of both legs were obtained at the initial and final workload...
2018: PeerJ
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