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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350769/gait-training-with-visual-feedback-and-proprioceptive-input-to-reduce-gait-asymmetry-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-series
#1
Ilana Levin, Michael D Lewek, Jeff Feasel, Deborah E Thorpe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case series was to investigate the feasibility of using visual feedback on gait asymmetry during gait retraining and whether this leads to reduced asymmetry, improvement in gait speed, cost of walking, and dynamic balance in ambulant adults with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Five adults with CP, who were ambulatory and had step length or stance time asymmetry, trained for 18 sessions on a split-belt treadmill with concurrent visual feedback from a virtual environment...
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345483/spinal-epidural-stimulation-strategies
#2
Prithvi K Shah, Igor Lavrov
Significant advancements in spinal epidural stimulation (ES) strategies to enable volitional motor control in persons with a complete spinal cord injury (SCI) have generated much excitement in the field of neurorehabilitation. Still, an obvious gap lies in the ability of ES to effectively generate a robust locomotor stepping response after a complete SCI in rodents, but not in humans. In order to reveal potential discrepancies between rodent and human studies that account for this void, in this review, we summarize the findings of studies that have utilized ES strategies to enable successful hindlimb stepping in spinal rats...
March 1, 2017: Neuroscientist: a Review Journal Bringing Neurobiology, Neurology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338438/learning-brain-aneurysm-microsurgical-skills-in-a-human-placenta-model-predictive-validity
#3
Marcelo Magaldi Ribeiro de Oliveira, Carlos Eduardo Ferrarez, Taise Mosso Ramos, Jose Augusto Malheiros, Arthur Nicolato, Carla Jorge Machado, Mauro Tostes Ferreira, Fellype Borges de Oliveira, Cecília Félix Penido Mendes de Sousa, Pollyana Helena Vieira Costa, Sebastiao Gusmao, Giuseppe Lanzino, Rolando Del Maestro
OBJECTIVE Surgery for brain aneurysms is technically demanding. In recent years, the process to learn the technical skills necessary for these challenging procedures has been affected by a decrease in the number of surgical cases available and progressive restrictions on resident training hours. To overcome these limitations, surgical simulators such as cadaver heads and human placenta models have been developed. However, the effectiveness of these models in improving technical skills is unknown. This study assessed concurrent and predictive validity of brain aneurysm surgery simulation in a human placenta model compared with a "live" human brain cadaveric model...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323843/dynamic-postural-control-and-associated-attentional-demands-in-contemporary-dancers-versus-non-dancers
#4
Geneviève Sirois-Leclerc, Anthony Remaud, Martin Bilodeau
Postural control is not a fully automatic process, but requires a certain level of attention, particularly as the difficulty of the postural task increases. This study aimed at testing whether experienced contemporary dancers, because of their specialized training involving the control of posture/balance, would present with a dual-task performance suggesting lesser attentional demands associated with dynamic postural control compared with non-dancers. Twenty dancers and 16 non-dancers performed a dynamic postural tracking task in both antero-posterior and side-to-side directions, while standing on a force platform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323077/concurrent-learning-of-multiple-oddity-discrimination-in-rats
#5
Tohru Taniuchi, Ryohei Miyazaki, Md Abu Bokor Siddik
This experimental series examines rats' concurrent learning of multiple oddity discrimination and its transfer to novel stimuli. Three rats were trained to discriminate an odd object from five identical objects in a row. After acquisition of the AAAAAB problem, the BBBBBA set was added to training. At the start of concurrent training with both sets, performance on BBBBBA was significantly below chance, suggesting that rats had acquired a tendency to respond to and/or avoid specific features of objects during the initial AAAAAB training...
March 17, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323074/an-obesogenic-refined-low-fat-diet-disrupts-attentional-and-behavioral-control-processes-in-a-vigilance-task-in-rats
#6
Aaron P Blaisdell, Traci Biedermann, Eric Sosa, Ava Abuchaei, Neveen Youssef, Sylvie Bradesi
Diets consisting of refined foods (REF) are associated with poor physical (e.g., obesity and diabetes) and mental (e.g., depression) health and impaired cognition. Few animal studies have explored the causal links between diet processing and health. Instead, most studies focus on the role of macronutrients, especially carbohydrate and fat concurrently with how processed are the ingredients. We previously showed that a REF low fat diet (LFD) caused greater adiposity and impaired motivation compared to an unrefined control (CON) diet consisting of similar macronutrient ratios (Blaisdell et al...
March 18, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319519/process-improvement-initiative-for-the-perioperative-management-of-patients-with-a-cardiovascular-implantable-electronic-device
#7
Margaret K Menzel Ellis, Miriam M Treggiari, Jamie M Robertson, Marc A Rozner, Peter F Graven, Michael F Aziz, Matthias J Merkel, Edward A Kahl, Norman A Cohen, Eric C Stecker, Peter M Schulman
BACKGROUND: Economic, personnel, and procedural challenges often complicate and interfere with efficient and safe perioperative care of patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). In the context of a process improvement initiative, we created and implemented a comprehensive anesthesiologist-run perioperative CIED service to respond to all routine requests for perioperative CIED consultations at a large academic medical center. This study was designed to determine whether this new care model was associated with improved operating room efficiency, reduced institutional cost, and adequate patient safety...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318277/technology-enhanced-human-interaction-in-psychotherapy
#8
Zac E Imel, Derek D Caperton, Michael Tanana, David C Atkins
Psychotherapy is on the verge of a technology-inspired revolution. The concurrent maturation of communication, signal processing, and machine learning technologies begs an earnest look at how these technologies may be used to improve the quality of psychotherapy. Here, we discuss 3 research domains where technology is likely to have a significant impact: (1) mechanism and process, (2) training and feedback, and (3) technology-mediated treatment modalities. For each domain, we describe current and forthcoming examples of how new technologies may change established applications...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303728/how-can-we-overcome-neuropsychological-adverse-effects-of-antiepileptic-drugs
#9
Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301438/effects-of-12-week-concurrent-high-intensity-interval-strength-and-endurance-training-programme-on-physical-performance-in-healthy-older-people
#10
Felipe García-Pinillos, José A Laredo-Aguilera, Marcos Muñoz-Jiménez, Pedro A Latorre-Román
This study aimed to analyse the effect of 12-week low-volume HIIT-based concurrent training programme on body composition, upper- and lower-body muscle strength, mobility and balance in older adults, as well as to compare it with a low- moderate-intensity continuous training. 90 active older adults were randomly assigned to experimental (EG, n=47), and control (CG, n=43) groups. Body composition and physical functioning were assessed before (pre-test) and after (post-test) a 12-week intervention. A 2-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to test for an interaction between training programme and groups...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301348/discord-among-radiation-oncologists-and-urologists-in-the-postoperative-management-of-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#11
Amar U Kishan, Gillian Duchesne, Pin-Chieh Wang, Jean-Claude M Rwigema, Arun U Kishan, Christopher Saigal, Matthew Rettig, Michael L Steinberg, Christopher R King
OBJECTIVE: To query specialty-specific differences regarding postoperative radiotherapy (RT) for high-risk prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic mail survey of radiation oncologists (ROs) and urologists. We sought to maximize absolute response number to capture contemporary practice ethos. The outcome of interest was association between response and specialty. Training level/expertise, practice setting, percentage of consultation caseload consisting of high-risk prostate cancer, and nationality were set as effect modifiers for multivariate logistic regression...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287764/pushing-typists-back-on-the-learning-curve-memory-chunking-improves-retrieval-of-prior-typing-episodes
#12
Motonori Yamaguchi, James M Randle, Thomas L Wilson, Gordon D Logan
Hierarchical control of skilled performance depends on chunking of several lower-level units into a single higher-level unit. The present study examined the relationship between chunking and recognition of trained materials in the context of typewriting. In 3 experiments, participants were trained with typing nonwords and were later tested on their recognition of the trained materials. In Experiment 1, participants typed the same words or nonwords in 5 consecutive trials while performing a concurrent memory task...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280465/activating-developmental-reserve-capacity-via-cognitive-training-or-non-invasive-brain-stimulation-potentials-for-promoting-fronto-parietal-and-hippocampal-striatal-network-functions-in-old-age
#13
REVIEW
Susanne Passow, Franka Thurm, Shu-Chen Li
Existing neurocomputational and empirical data link deficient neuromodulation of the fronto-parietal and hippocampal-striatal circuitries with aging-related increase in processing noise and declines in various cognitive functions. Specifically, the theory of aging neuronal gain control postulates that aging-related suboptimal neuromodulation may attenuate neuronal gain control, which yields computational consequences on reducing the signal-to-noise-ratio of synaptic signal transmission and hampering information processing within and between cortical networks...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277402/a-multifactorial-criteria-based-progressive-algorithm-for-hamstring-injury-treatment
#14
Jurdan Mendiguchia, Enrique Martinez-Ruiz, Pascal Edouard, Jean-Benoît Morin, Francisco Martinez-Martinez, Fernando Idoate, Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
INTRODUCTION: Given the prevalence of hamstring injuries in football, a rehabilitation program that effectively promotes muscle tissue repair and functional recovery is paramount to minimize re-injury risk and optimize player performance and availability. PURPOSE: To assess the concurrent effectiveness of administering an individualized and multifactorial criteria-based algorithm (RA) on hamstring injury rehabilitation in comparison to employing a general rehabilitation protocol (RP)...
March 8, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272146/the-role-of-plastic-surgery-at-an-academic-medical-center-in-the-united-states
#15
Lee L Q Pu, Michael Mirmanesh
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery may have traditionally been labelled as a "less essential" service at many academic medical centers in the United States. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of the plastic surgery team as a valuable service at an academic medical center. METHODS: We performed a 10-year retrospective case review of a single plastic surgeon's case log at 2 academic medical institutions, each with an active plastic surgery training program...
March 8, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266261/-clinical-validation-of-the-caregiver-child-socioemotional-and-relationship-rating-scale-sirs-for-child-behavior-in-a-preschool-age-sample
#16
Svenja Esins, Jörg Michael Müller, Georg Romer, Katharina Wagner, Sandra Achtergarde
Clinical Validation of the Caregiver-Child Socioemotional and Relationship Rating Scale (SIRS) for Child Behavior in a Preschool-Age Sample The description of child behavior in mother-child-interaction is important in early detection and treatment of psychiatric disorders in preschool children. The Caregiver-Child Socioemotional and Relationship Rating Scale (SIRS) may serve this diagnostic purpose. We aim to examine interrater-reliability of SIRS and concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity to maternal behavior by Play-PAB, and a measure of mother-child-relationsship by Parent-Infant-Global-Assessment-Scale (PIRGAS)...
March 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261399/validity-and-reliability-of-a-tool-to-assess-quality-improvement-knowledge-and-skills-in-pediatrics-residents
#17
Stephanie K Doupnik, Sonja I Ziniel, Eric W Glissmeyer, James M Moses
BACKGROUND : Residency programs are expected to educate residents in quality improvement (QI). Effective assessments are needed to ensure residents gain QI knowledge and skills. Limitations of current tools include poor interrater reliability and requirement for scorer training. OBJECTIVE : To provide evidence for the validity of the Assessment of Quality Improvement Knowledge and Skills (AQIKS), which is a new tool that provides a summative assessment of pediatrics residents' ability to recall QI concepts and apply them to a clinical scenario...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259857/auditory-training-changes-temporal-lobe-connectivity-in-wernicke-s-aphasia-a-randomised-trial
#18
Zoe Vj Woodhead, Jennifer Crinion, Sundeep Teki, Will Penny, Cathy J Price, Alexander P Leff
INTRODUCTION: Aphasia is one of the most disabling sequelae after stroke, occurring in 25%-40% of stroke survivors. However, there remains a lack of good evidence for the efficacy or mechanisms of speech comprehension rehabilitation. TRIAL DESIGN: This within-subjects trial tested two concurrent interventions in 20 patients with chronic aphasia with speech comprehension impairment following left hemisphere stroke: (1) phonological training using 'Earobics' software and (2) a pharmacological intervention using donepezil, an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258777/multiple-risk-behavior-interventions-meta-analyses-of-rcts
#19
REVIEW
Nick Meader, Kristelle King, Kath Wright, Hilary M Graham, Mark Petticrew, Chris Power, Martin White, Amanda J Sowden
CONTEXT: Multiple risk behaviors are common and associated with developing chronic conditions such as heart disease, cancer, or Type 2 diabetes. A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression of the effectiveness of multiple risk behavior interventions was conducted. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Six electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched to August 2016. RCTs of non-pharmacologic interventions in general adult populations were selected...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256009/adaptation-of-macarthur-communicative-development-inventory-in-rural-pakistan-useful-tool-for-early-childhood-studies
#20
M A Rasheed, G Tabussum, Z H Habib, A K Yousafzai
BACKGROUND: Given the significance of early language for later academic achievement, language development can be an important outcome measure in evaluation of early childhood intervention programmes. Language development may be challenging to assess in settings where trained personnel are hard to find; therefore, maternal report can be a reliable alternative measure. AIM: The aim of this study was to adapt a maternal report measure, the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory II-Short Form, in the Sindhi language and to examine its psychometric properties as a measure of language outcome in 2-year-old children in rural Pakistan...
March 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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