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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233697/retrospective-analysis-of-471-surgically-treated-zygomaticomaxillary-complex-fractures
#1
Michael Blumer, Sabina Kumalic, Thomas Gander, Martin Lanzer, Claudio Rostetter, Martin Rücker, Heinz-Theo Lübbers
PURPOSE: Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures are frequent in facial trauma; only fractures of the mandible are more common. Although the frequency of these fractures is geographically consistent, the aetiology differs widely among countries and even regions. Differences in socio-economic status and the ageing population seem to be two causes. This retrospective epidemiological study evaluates patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures at a Swiss university clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 471 patients who were surgically treated for ZMC fractures in an oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic at a Swiss university hospital between January 2004 and December 2012...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157726/adaptive-and-technology-independent-architecture-for-fault-tolerant-distributed-aal-solutions
#2
Michael Schmidt, Roman Obermaisser
Today's architectures for Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) must cope with a variety of challenges like flawless sensor integration and time synchronization (e.g. for sensor data fusion) while abstracting from the underlying technologies at the same time. Furthermore, an architecture for AAL must be capable to manage distributed application scenarios in order to support elderly people in all situations of their everyday life. This encompasses not just life at home but in particular the mobility of elderly people (e...
November 6, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157151/health-benefits-of-hard-martial-arts-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#3
Sandra Origua Rios, Jennifer Marks, Isaac Estevan, Lisa M Barnett
Participation in organized sports is promoted as a means of increasing physical activity levels and reducing chronic disease risk in adults. Hard martial arts practice (i.e. using body contact techniques), has gained in popularity over time. This review explores the evidence for health benefits of "hard" martial arts practice within the adult population. A systematic electronic database search was conducted, and quality assessments applied the Effective Public Health Practice Project tool. Twenty-eight studies met the inclusion criteria, examining balance, cognitive function, muscular skeletal status, psychological, cardiovascular fitness, and metabolic effects...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114942/a-detailed-analysis-of-not-relevant-responses-on-the-dlqi-in-psoriasis-potential-biases-in-treatment-decisions
#4
F Rencz, A K Poór, M Péntek, P Holló, S Kárpáti, L Gulácsi, A Szegedi, É Remenyik, B Hidvégi, K Herszényi, H Jókai, Z Beretzky, V Brodszky
BACKGROUND: Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) is the most common health-related quality of life measure in dermatology that is widely used in treatment guidelines for psoriasis. Eight out of the 10 questions of the DLQI offer a 'not relevant' response (NRR) option that is scored as the item had no impact on patients' life at all. OBJECTIVE: To explore the occurrence of NRRs on the DLQI in psoriasis patients, and to examine the effect of several socio-demographic and clinical factors on giving NRRs...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082055/quadriceps-tendon-rupture-in-an-adolescent-athlete
#5
William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Alexander E Weber, Brian Forsythe
Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly men with a history of chronic illnesses. We report the case of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee. He initially reported to the emergency department and then presented to our practice, where he was diagnosed with a quadriceps tendon tear. Preoperatively, he was unable to perform a single straight-leg raise. During surgical repair, the free edge of the quadriceps tendon was mobilized and anchored into the superior pole of the patella, followed by sutures to ensure reinforcement of the quadriceps footprint...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993048/total-physical-activity-exercise-intensity-and-walking-speed-as-predictors-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-over-7%C3%A2-years-in-older-men-the-concord-health-and-aging-in-men-project
#6
Benjumin Hsu, Dafna Merom, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Vasant Hirani, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the contemporaneous temporal association between changes in total physical activity, sports intensity, muscle strengthening exercise, and walking speed as predictors of all-cause, cardiovascular, cancer and other cause-specific mortality in older men. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Community-dwelling men aged 70 years and older from Concord Health and Aging in Men Project were assessed at baseline (2005-2007, n = 1705), 2 years (n = 1367), and 5 years follow-up (n = 958)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937955/military-blast-injury-and-chronic-neurodegeneration-research-presentations-from-the-2015-international-state-of-the-science-meeting
#7
Denes Agoston, Peethambaran Arun, Patrick Bellgowan, Steven Broglio, Robert Cantu, David Cook, Uade Olaghere da Silva, Dara Dickstein, Gregory Elder, Elizabeth Fudge, Sam Gandy, Jessica Gill, John F Glenn, Raj K Gupta, Sidney Hinds, Stuart Hoffman, Theresa Lattimore, Alexander Lin, Kun Ping Lu, Joseph Maroon, David Okonkwo, Daniel Perl, Meghan Robinson, Charles Rosen, Douglas Smith
Blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a signature injury of recent military conflicts, leading to increased Department of Defense (DoD) interest in its potential long-term effects, such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The DoD Blast Injury Research Program Coordinating Office convened the 2015 International State-of-the-Science Meeting to discuss the existing evidence regarding a causal relationship between TBI and CTE. Over the course of the meeting, experts across government, academia, and the sports community presented cutting edge research on the unique pathological characteristics of blast-related TBI, blast-related neurodegenerative mechanisms, risk factors for CTE, potential biomarkers for CTE, and treatment strategies for chronic neurodegeneration...
September 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831830/biological-treatment-of-the-knee-with-platelet-rich-plasma-or-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrates
#8
REVIEW
Gilbert Moatshe, Elizabeth R Morris, Mark E Cinque, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, Jorge Chahla, Lars Engebretsen, Robert F Laprade
- Knee pathologies including focal cartilage injuries, osteoarthritis (OA), and ligament injuries are common. The poor regeneration and healing potential of cartilage has led to the search for other treatment modalities with improved healing capacity. Furthermore, with an increasing elderly population that desires to remain active, the burden of knee pathologies is expected to increase. Increased sports participation and the desire to return to activities faster is also demanding more effective and minimally invasive treatment options...
December 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756079/-exercise-testing-new-guidelines
#9
Dany Michel Marcadet
The GERS (Exercise Rehabilitation and Sports Group of the French Society of Cardiology) has decided to update current guidelines regarding the practice of EKG stress tests. Since the last update dates from 1997, the GERS judged it necessary to integrate data from new works and advancements made in the last 20 years. Good clinical practices and safety conditions are better defined regarding the structure, location, material, staff competency, as well as convention with hospital structures. The diagnosis of coronary artery disease remains the principal indication for a stress test...
July 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747158/characteristics-of-disability-in-activity-of-daily-living-in-elderly-people-associated-with-locomotive-disorders
#10
Tsutomu Iwaya, Tokuhide Doi, Atsushi Seichi, Yuichi Hoshino, Toru Ogata, Masami Akai
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with a decline of motor function and ability to perform daily activities. Locomotive disorders are one of the major disorders resulting in adverse health condition in elderly people. Concept of Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed to tackle the problems and prolong healthy life expectancy of people with locomotive disorders. To develop intervention strategy for LoS it is mandatory to investigate impairments, functional disabilities which people with locomotive disorder experience and to examine relationships among these parameters...
July 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674488/dancing-or-fitness-sport-the-effects-of-two-training-programs-on-hippocampal-plasticity-and-balance-abilities-in-healthy-seniors
#11
Kathrin Rehfeld, Patrick Müller, Norman Aye, Marlen Schmicker, Milos Dordevic, Jörn Kaufmann, Anita Hökelmann, Notger G Müller
Age-related degenerations in brain structure are associated with balance disturbances and cognitive impairment. However, neuroplasticity is known to be preserved throughout lifespan and physical training studies with seniors could reveal volume increases in the hippocampus (HC), a region crucial for memory consolidation, learning and navigation in space, which were related to improvements in aerobic fitness. Moreover, a positive correlation between left HC volume and balance performance was observed. Dancing seems a promising intervention for both improving balance and brain structure in the elderly...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617897/recreational-activity-and-facial-trauma-among-older-adults
#12
Andrea Plawecki, Michael Bobian, Aron Kandinov, Peter F Svider, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Michael Carron
Importance: As the US population ages, public health agencies have released guidelines encouraging aerobic activity and muscle-strengthening exercises among older individuals. Facial trauma from such activities among elderly individuals has long been underappreciated. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of recreational activity-associated facial fractures among older adults and to further delineate injury characteristics including demographics, fracture location, and specific activities...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607643/retirement-homes-social-participation-and-quality-of-life
#14
Elham Amiri, Farzad Faraji Khiavi, Hossine Dargahi, Esmat Dastjerd
INTRODUCTION: Social participation is considered as a means of improving one's quality of life, thus the study aimed at assessing the association between the quality of life and social participation in the elderly. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. The study population was selected from among the residents of a retirement home (an elderly residential home) in one of the Northwestern provinces of Iran, and the required data was collected via three questionnaires related to the demographic data, the specific quality of life for the elderly (LEIPAD), and the extent of social participation...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587641/changing-educational-inequalities-in-sporting-inactivity-among-adults-in-germany-a-trend-study-from-2003-to-2012
#15
Jens Hoebel, Jonas D Finger, Benjamin Kuntz, Lars E Kroll, Kristin Manz, Cornelia Lange, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in health can be explained in part by the social patterning of leisure-time physical activity, such as non-participation in sports. This study is the first to explore whether absolute and relative educational inequalities in sporting inactivity among adults have changed in Germany since the early 2000s. METHODS: Data from four cross-sectional national health surveys conducted in 2003 (n = 6890), 2009 (n = 16,418), 2010 (n = 17,145) and 2012 (n = 13,744) were analysed...
June 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#16
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475643/a-combination-of-routine-blood-analytes-predicts-fitness-decrement-in-elderly-endurance-athletes
#17
Helmuth Haslacher, Franz Ratzinger, Thomas Perkmann, Delgerdalai Batmyagmar, Sonja Nistler, Thomas M Scherzer, Elisabeth Ponocny-Seliger, Alexander Pilger, Marlene Gerner, Vanessa Scheichenberger, Michael Kundi, Georg Endler, Oswald F Wagner, Robert Winker
Endurance sports are enjoying greater popularity, particularly among new target groups such as the elderly. Predictors of future physical capacities providing a basis for training adaptations are in high demand. We therefore aimed to estimate the future physical performance of elderly marathoners (runners/bicyclists) using a set of easily accessible standard laboratory parameters. To this end, 47 elderly marathon athletes underwent physical examinations including bicycle ergometry and a blood draw at baseline and after a three-year follow-up period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458924/interrelationship-between-sleep-and-exercise-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Brett A Dolezal, Eric V Neufeld, David M Boland, Jennifer L Martin, Christopher B Cooper
Although a substantial body of literature has explored the relationship between sleep and exercise, comprehensive reviews and definitive conclusions about the impact of exercise interventions on sleep are lacking. Electronic databases were searched for articles published between January 2013 and March 2017. Studies were included if they possessed either objective or subjective measures of sleep and an exercise intervention that followed the guidelines recommended by the American College of Sports Medicine. Thirty-four studies met these inclusion criteria...
2017: Advances in Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454521/age-and-gender-differences-in-the-association-between-social-participation-and-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-among-community-dwelling-elderly
#19
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have suggested social participation (SP) has beneficial effects on elderly people's health, most of them failed to deal with paid work. Additionally, few studies have focused on the age effect between SP and older people's health. To investigate whether the association between SP, including paid work, and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), exhibits not only in gender, but also in age among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In 2014, we distributed self-administered questionnaires to all community-dwelling elderly aged ≥65 in two medium-sized cities in Nara Prefecture, Japan (n = 32,825)...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451013/the-effect-of-group-exercise-frequency-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-institutionalized-elderly
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Nivash Rugbeer, Serela Ramklass, Andrew Mckune, Johan van Heerden
INTRODUCTION: The study aimed to determine the effect of group exercise frequency on health related quality of life in institutionalized elderly. METHODS: One hundred participants were recruited for voluntary participation from five aged care facilities, with inclusion being based on the outcome of a medical assessment by a sports physician. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare the effect of a 12 week group exercise programme on two groups of participants using pre-test and post-test procedures...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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