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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903789/prevalence-and-clustering-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-nanjing-adults-in-china
#1
Xin Hong, Qing Ye, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Huafeng Yang, Shengxiang Qi, Xupeng Chen, Chenchen Wang, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs), and investigate the association between relevant characteristics and CRF clustering among adults in eastern China. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data were collected by interview survey, physical measurements and laboratory examinations from the 2011 Nanjing Chronic Disease and Risk Factor Surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 41 072 residents aged ≥18 years volunteered to participate in the survey, with a response rate of 91...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899711/unchanged-erythrocyte-profile-after-exposure-to-cryogenic-temperatures-in-elder-marathon-runners
#2
Jadwiga Szymura, Magdalena Wiecek, Marcin Maciejczyk, Joanna Gradek, Malgorzata Kantorowicz, Zbigniew Szygula
Objective: Endurance runners may experience "sports anemia" resulting from intravascular hemolysis. In addition, aging has negative impact on hematopoiesis and rheological properties of blood, and erythrocyte membranes in older people are more vulnerable to oxidative damage, which together can lead to anemia. Whole-body cryostimulation (WBCST) is increasingly used in the elderly as a method of biological regeneration of athletes or therapy and preventive treatment. That is why the aim of the study was to determine whether repeated WBCST had an effect on the erythrocyte system in master marathon runners, compared to non-training men...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881214/gender-and-age-based-differences-in-behavioural-patterns-following-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#3
Aneesh J Dave, Darren B Chen, Bradley G Seeto, Samuel J MacDessi
ACL injury can be clinically diagnosed prior to imaging, and therefore understanding any symptomatology differences between age-groups and genders is critical. Data gathered from 341 patients with ACL injuries over six years showed no gender-based difference in ability to continue playing sport post-injury. Fewer males required crutches (37.2% vs. 49.5%, p = 0.04) and more males returned to sports prior to treatment (24.4% vs. 14.1%, p = 0.04). There was no age based difference in play continuation post-injury, however more elderly patients fell post-injury (<30 y: 91...
June 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863405/physical-activity-types-and-atrial-fibrillation-risk-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-the-rotterdam-study
#4
Marijn Albrecht, Chantal M Koolhaas, Josje D Schoufour, Frank Ja van Rooij, M Kavousi, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco
Background The association between physical activity and atrial fibrillation remains controversial. Physical activity has been associated with a higher and lower atrial fibrillation risk. These inconsistent results might be related to the type of physical activity. We aimed to investigate the association of total and types of physical activity, including walking, cycling, domestic work, gardening and sports, with atrial fibrillation. Design Prospective cohort study. Methods Our study was performed in the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795744/does-body-mass-index-influence-the-physiological-and-perceptual-demands-associated-with-defensive-tactics-training-in-state-patrol-officers
#5
J J Dawes, C L Kornhauser, D Crespo, C L Elder, K G Lindsay, R J Holmes
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the physiological and perceptual demands associated with defensive tactics (DEFTAC) training among state patrol officers of different BMI (body mass index) categories. Twenty-four male state patrol officers (n = 24, age 36.00 + 7.86 yrs) voluntarily agreed to participate in data collection during a DEFTAC gauntlet. Anthropometric information (height (HT) 182.19 + 7.43 cm and weight (WT) 96.31 + 17.45 kg), body mass index (BMI), peak and average heart rates, duty weight, BLa, and RPE, were recorded...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692955/the-reliability-of-vertical-jump-tests-between-the-vertec-and-my-jump-phone-application
#6
Vanessa R Yingling, Dimitri A Castro, Justin T Duong, Fiorella J Malpartida, Justin R Usher, Jenny O
Background: The vertical jump is used to estimate sports performance capabilities and physical fitness in children, elderly, non-athletic and injured individuals. Different jump techniques and measurement tools are available to assess vertical jump height and peak power; however, their use is limited by access to laboratory settings, excessive cost and/or time constraints thus making these tools oftentimes unsuitable for field assessment. A popular field test uses the Vertec and the Sargent vertical jump with countermovement; however, new low cost, easy to use tools are becoming available, including the My Jump iOS mobile application (app)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678777/a-10-year-review-of-sudden-death-during-sporting-activities
#7
Mark Dennis, Alexander Elder, Christopher Semsarian, John Orchard, Isabel Brouwer, Rajesh Puranik
BACKGROUND: Sudden death during sport is a rare but devastating event. Previous research has mostly focused on sudden deaths in young competitive athletes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the demographics and etiologies of sudden cardiac death during sport in Australia. METHODS: All autopsies conducted at our forensic medicine facility between 2006 and 2015 inclusive were reviewed. Sporting-related deaths among those 7-65 years of age were identified...
April 18, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672692/physical-activity-and-cause-specific-mortality-the-rotterdam-study
#8
Chantal M Koolhaas, Klodian Dhana, Josje D Schoufour, Lies Lahousse, Frank J A van Rooij, M Arfan Ikram, Guy Brusselle, Henning Tiemeier, Oscar H Franco
Background: Physical activity (PA) is associated with lower risk for all-cause mortality. However, in elderly people, it remains unknown which types of PA are associated with mortality and whether the association between PA and mortality differs by cause of death. Methods: We assessed the association of total PA, walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening with all-cause mortality, and the association of total PA with cause-specific mortality, using Cox proportional hazard models among 7225 older adults (mean age: 70 years) from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659145/ocular-trauma-in-the-finnish-elderly-helsinki-ocular-trauma-study
#9
Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiology, causes, treatments and outcomes of all ocular injuries in southern Finland among people aged 61 and older. METHODS: All new ocular trauma patients, admitted to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital, during 1 year in 2011-2012. The data were from hospital records and prospectively from patient questionnaires. The follow-up time was 3 months. RESULTS: The incidence for ocular injuries among the elderly was 38/100 000/year...
April 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627107/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-during-the-japanese-professional-baseball-championship-series
#10
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
Because the Japan Professional Baseball Championship Series (Japan Series) is a stressful sports event, it is possible that watching Japan Series matches may increase the risk of cardiovascular events. Therefore, we investigated the potential association between the Japan Series and the incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) events. National registry data for all cases of OHCA between 2005 and 2014 from 47 prefectures of Japan were obtained. We used a time-stratified case-crossover design with a conditional Poisson regression model to compare OHCA events during the Japan Series with those events that occurred during the periods except for dates of the Japan Series...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618244/study-on-buffer-characteristics-of-air-cushion-used-as-hip-protector
#11
Yilin Song, Tong Zhang, Zhongxian Wang
INTRODUCTION: In order to develop a good hip protector to prevent in the elderly hip fracture as a result of a fall, we studied the buffer characteristics of sponges and air cushions. METHODS: The buffer rate of material was defined, and the absorption ability of the material to instantaneous impact was evaluated. An experimental device was developed and used to measure the buffer rates of sponges and leak-allowed air cushions with orifice(s). RESULTS: According to the experimental results, the buffer rate largely depended on the hardness of the sponge materials, and on the total area of the orifice(s) for the leak-allowed air cushions...
January 2018: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589779/telomere-length-is-independently-associated-with-age-oxidative-biomarkers-and-sport-training-in-skeletal-muscle-of-healthy-adult-males
#12
Fiorenza Magi, Ivan Dimauro, Fabrizio Margheritini, Guglielmo Duranti, Neri Mercatelli, Cristina Fantini, Francesca Romana Ripani, Stefania Sabatini, Daniela Caporossi
In skeletal muscle, which mainly contains postmitotic myonuclei, it has been suggested that telomere length remains roughly constant throughout adult life, or shortens in response to physiopathological conditions in muscle diseases or in the elderly. However, telomere length results from both the replicative history of a specific tissue and the exposure to environmental, DNA damage-related factors, therefore the predictive biological significance of telomere measures should combine the analysis of the various interactive factors...
June 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550696/does-kinesiology-tape-counter-exercise-related-impairments-of-balance-in-the-elderly
#13
Simona Hosp, Robert Csapo, Dieter Heinrich, Michael Hasler, Werner Nachbauer
BACKGROUND: Maintaining balance is an essential requirement for the performance of daily tasks and sporting activities, particularly in older adults to prevent falls and associated injuries. Kinesiology tape has gained great popularity in sports and is frequently used as a tool for performance enhancement. However, there is little research investigating its influence on balance. RESEARCH QUESTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Kinesiology tape on dynamic balance, postural stability and knee proprioception after physical activity in healthy, older adults...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470824/turning-up-the-heat-an-evaluation-of-the-evidence-for-heating-to-promote-exercise-recovery-muscle-rehabilitation-and-adaptation
#14
REVIEW
Hamish McGorm, Llion A Roberts, Jeff S Coombes, Jonathan M Peake
Historically, heat has been used in various clinical and sports rehabilitation settings to treat soft tissue injuries. More recently, interest has emerged in using heat to pre-condition muscle against injury. The aim of this narrative review was to collate information on different types of heat therapy, explain the physiological rationale for heat therapy, and to summarise and evaluate the effects of heat therapy before, during and after muscle injury, immobilisation and strength training. Studies on skeletal muscle cells demonstrate that heat attenuates cellular damage and protein degradation (following in vitro challenges/insults to the cells)...
June 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444576/-fractures-of-the-fifth-metatarsal-base
#15
K Bušková, D Kuběnová, M Tuček
Fractures of the fifth metatarsal base are among the most common fractures of the foot. They are typically caused by indirect violence during sports activities. This region is also a site where stress fractures occur frequently. Diagnosis is based on the patients medical history, clinical examination and imaging methods. The fundamental imaging method is radiography of the foot in three views. MRI is used primarily for early diagnosis of stress fractures. CT examination is beneficial mainly in complex foot injuries, in order to rule out associated fractures...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385773/association-between-social-activities-and-cognitive-function-among-the-elderly-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Chang Fu, Zhen Li, Zongfu Mao
Participation in social activities is one of important factors for older adults' health. The present study aims to examine the cross-sectional association between social activities and cognitive function among Chinese elderly. A total of 8966 individuals aged 60 and older from the 2015 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study were obtained for this study. Telephone interviews of cognitive status, episodic memory, and visuospatial abilities were assessed by questionnaire. We used the sum of all three of the above measures to represent the respondent's cognitive status as a whole...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380852/physical-activity-types-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-adults-the-rotterdam-study
#17
C M Koolhaas, K Dhana, F J A van Rooij, J D Schoufour, A Hofman, O H Franco
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQL). The specific PA types that provide beneficial effects in an older population remain unclear. We assessed the association of total PA, walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening with HRQL in middle-aged and elderly adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rotterdam, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 5,554 participants, with a mean age of 69 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372027/lumbar-burner-and-stinger-syndrome-in-an-elderly-athlete
#18
Veronika Wegener, Axel Stäbler, Volkmar Jansson, Christof Birkenmaier, Bernd Wegener
Burner or stinger syndrome is a rare sports injury caused by direct or indirect trauma during high-speed or contact sports mainly in young athletes. It affects peripheral nerves, plexus trunks or spinal nerve roots, causing paralysis, paresthesia and pain. We report the case of a 57-year-old male athlete suffering from burner syndrome related to a lumbar nerve root. He presented with prolonged pain and partial paralysis of the right leg after a skewed landing during the long jump. He was initially misdiagnosed since the first magnet resonance imaging was normal whereas electromyography showed denervation...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370669/the-role-of-habitual-physical-activity-on-arterial-stiffness-in-elderly-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Wonil Park, Hun-Young Park, Kiwon Lim, Jonghoon Park
PURPOSE: Physical inactivity behavior at middle age or older is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of levels of habitual physical activity on arterial stiffness in elderly population remain unclear currently. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether the effects of habitual physical activity could attenuate arterial stiffness in elderly individuals via a meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the Medline and Embase databases from January 1997 through November 2017, using the medical subject headings "older population", "physical activity" (e...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331872/effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognitive-flexibility-depression-and-rbd-in-healthy-elderly
#20
Stefanie Lerche, Alexandra Gutfreund, Kathrin Brockmann, Markus A Hobert, Isabel Wurster, Ulrike Sünkel, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Florian G Metzger, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease increases with the raising number of elderly, which will be a challenging situation for the healthcare systems and society in the future. There is evidence that there are modifiable risk-factors e.g. physical activity for these diseases. Here, we study the interaction between sports inactivity with prodromal markers for neurodegeneration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 667 neurologically healthy individuals cross-sectional and a subgroup longitudinal over six years...
February 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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