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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889010/neuropsychiatric-aspects-of-concussion
#1
REVIEW
Rajiv Radhakrishnan, Amir Garakani, Lawrence S Gross, Marcia K Goin, Janet Pine, Andrew E Slaby, Calvin R Sumner, David A Baron
Over the past decade, concussion has become the most widely discussed injury in contact sports. However, concussions also occur in several other settings, such as non-contact sports, elderly individuals, young children, military personnel, and victims of domestic violence. Concussion is frequently undiagnosed as a cause of psychiatric morbidity, especially when the patient has no history of loss of consciousness or direct head trauma. Almost all of the extant literature focuses on traumatic brain injury and assumes that concussion is merely a mild form of traumatic brain injury, which has resulted in a lack of understanding about what concussion is, and how to diagnose, monitor, and treat its varied neuropsychiatric symptoms...
December 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862560/noninvasive-assessment-of-age-gender-and-exercise-effects-on-skeletal-muscle-initial-experience-with-t1-%C3%AF-mri-of-calf-muscle
#2
Xin-Gui Peng, Yuancheng Wang, Shijun Zhang, Yingying Bai, Hui Mao, Gao-Jun Teng, Shenghong Ju
PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate age- and gender-related changes in the fast-twitch (tibialis anterior, TA) and slow-twitch (soleus, SOL) skeletal muscle of healthy rats and volunteers and to compare the exercise-related difference in health volunteers with T1 ρ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 18 rats and 70 humans were involved in this study. For the animal study, T1 ρ relaxation times were measured in the TA and SOL rat muscle with a 3...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829017/physical-activity-patterns-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-obese-pregnant-women
#3
Elisabetta Bacchi, Cecilia Bonin, Maria Elisabetta Zanolin, Francesca Zambotti, Dario Livornese, Silvia Donà, Flavia Tosi, Giulia Baldisser, Tatsiana Ihnatava, Daniela Di Sarra, Enzo Bonora, Paolo Moghetti
The aims of the present study were to assess the volume of physical activity (PA) throughout pregnancy in normal-weight vs overweight/obese women, and to investigate which factors may predict compliance to PA recommendations in these women throughout gestation. In 236 pregnant women, 177 normal-weight and 59 overweight/obese (median[IQR] BMI 21.2[19.9-22.8] vs 26.5[25.5-29.0] kg/m2, respectively), medical history, anthropometry and clinical data, including glucose tolerance, were recorded. In addition, pre-pregnancy PA was estimated by the Kaiser questionnaire, while total, walking and fitness/sport PA during pregnancy were assessed by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) modified questionnaire, at 14-16, 24-28 and 30-32 weeks of gestation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813488/-epidemiology-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-iceland-from-1975-to-2014
#4
Eyrún Arna Kristinsdottir, Sigrun Knutsdottir, Kristinn Sigvaldason, Halldor Jonsson, Pall E Ingvarsson
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is serious and often has long-term consequences. Since no cure has been found the emphasis has been on preventive measures. The incidence of TSCI varies between countries and the epidemiology has been changing. The aim of this study was to gather epidemiological data on patients with TSCI in Iceland and search for risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital records of everyone diagnosed with TSCI in 1975-2014 admitted to Landspitali University Hospital were reviewed and information gathered on incidence, age, gender and causes of injury...
November 2016: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808056/-mountain-medicine-an-introduction-i
#5
Kasper Fjellhaugen Hjuler, Bjørn Bay
Tourism to high-altitude areas is increasingly popular even from low-lying regions such as Denmark. Mountain sports include skiing, mountaineering, and ski touring. The young, elderly and at-risk individuals with pre-existing illnesses engage in recreational mountain activities. Thus, risk assessment and counselling regarding altitude exposure is increasingly relevant to all healthcare providers. In this first article of two in a review series, we summarize the state of the art of altitude physiology, alpine dangers and avalanches, and medical aspects of the increased UV-exposure at altitude...
October 31, 2016: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788163/the-impact-of-leisure-and-social-activities-on-activities-of-daily-living-of-middle-aged-adults-evidence-from-a-national-longitudinal-survey-in-japan
#6
Takafumi Monma, Fumi Takeda, Haruko Noguchi, Hideto Takahashi, Nanako Tamiya
This study investigated the effects of leisure and social activities on the ability of middle-aged adults to maintain activities of daily living (ADL), and whether performing these activities alone or with others contributed to the ability to perform ADL. The study used nationally representative longitudinal data of 22,770 adults in Japan, aged 50-59 years, who did not have limitations in performing ADL at the beginning of the 5-year survey period. The study considered six activity categories: two leisure activities ("hobbies or cultural activities" and "exercise or sports") and four social activities ("community events," "support for children," "support for elderly individuals," and "other social activities")...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747735/epidemiologic-patterns-of-injuries-treated-at-the-emergency-department-of-a-swedish-medical-center
#7
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: The injury spectrum published in the literature has mainly been presented for a certain age group, as elderly or for a certain type of injury, as fracture and often restricted to in-hospital care cases. Our objective was to give an overview of the major types of injuries for all age groups and trends in the adult population. METHODS: We analyzed 68,159 adult injury events, which occurred between 1999 and 2008 and was treated at the Emergency Department of Umea University Hospital...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693807/an-image-processing-based-technique-to-obtain-instantaneous-horizontal-walking-and-running-speed
#8
Akinori Nagano, Masahiro Fujimoto, Shoma Kudo, Ryosuke Akaguma
Walking and running speed is a fundamental parameter studied in a wide range of areas such as sport biomechanics, rehabilitation, health promotion of the elderly, etc. Given that walking or running speed is not constant even within a stride, instantaneous changes in the body motion need to be evaluated to better understand one's performance. In this study, a new cost- and time- efficient methodology to determine instantaneous horizontal walking and running speed was developed. The newly developed method processes the movies taken with a (high-speed) camera...
September 16, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676830/contribution-of-isokinetic-in-the-treatment-of-meniscal-lesions-report-of-26-cases
#9
Karima Belhaj, Hicham Elhyaoui, Soumia Meftah, Laila Mahir, Mohamed Rafai, Abdelhak Garch, Fatima Lmidmani, Abdellatif Elfatimi
OBJECTIVE: Meniscal injuries are an extremely common condition that also occurs well in young adults at a sporting injury, than in most elderly where it is often the degenerative changes in the knee illustration. The application of isokinetic knee is widespread, either in assessment or rehabilitation. The objective of the study is to determine the contribution of the isokinetic for meniscal pathology. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 6 months, including patients followed in physical medicine and rehabilitation for meniscal lesions confirmed by imaging and in whom supported classical rehabilitative and/or isokinetic was indicated...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585447/the-effects-of-a-3-month-controlled-hiking-programme-on-the-functional-abilities-of-patients-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#10
Caroline Hepperger, Peter Gföller, Christian Hoser, Hanno Ulmer, Felix Fischer, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Christian Fink
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Improvements in pain, function and sports activity are the main goals of patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Participation in sports has become an increasingly important contributor to patients' quality of life (QoL). Hiking is one of the most popular summer activities among elderly people in alpine regions. Consequently, this randomized controlled trial investigates the impact of a 3-month guided hiking programme on patients' functional abilities and QoL following TKA...
September 1, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492909/physical-activity-and-alzheimer-disease-a-protective-association
#11
Alejandro Santos-Lozano, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Miguel Quindós-Rubial, Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Enzo Emanuele, Nuria Garatachea, Alejandro Lucia
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether being physically active can decrease Alzheimer disease (AD) risk. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective observational cohort studies reporting the association between physical activity (PA) and incident AD. Relevant articles were identified by title and abstract in the electronic databases PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus using the keywords Alzheimer, Alzheimer disease, Alzheimer's, Alzheimer's disease, physical activity, sport, exercise, sedentary, fitness, and combinations thereof for articles published in any language up to February 15, 2016...
August 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491574/impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#12
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485957/-impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#13
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449306/-improving-fall-prevention-in-the-elderly
#14
Bienvenu Bongue, Julie Hugues, Émilie Achour, Alain Colvez, Catherine Sass
The prevention of falls in the elderly requires action on several levels. Firstly, it is essential to identify those at risk of a fall. They must then be encouraged to do appropriate physical and sports activities, a factor of prevention. Social workers have a major role to play in supporting elderly people and encouraging them to participate in such programmes.
July 2016: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449304/-cardio-vascular-assessment-before-starting-to-exercise-after-the-age-of-70
#15
Olivier Auzel, Gwenael Mechain, Fanny Grand
Taking care of an elderly patient involves encouraging them to do some exercise. Ageing is responsible for a gradual loss of our capacity to adapt. Taking up a sport after the age of 70 must be done gradually and be preceded by a certain number of medical examinations, in particular an assessment of cardiac function.
July 2016: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449303/-promoting-exercise-and-sports-activities-among-the-elderly
#16
Daniel Rivière
The fight against sedentariness and encouraging older people to exercise is a major public health objective. The aim is to preserve the health of the elderly, to avoid the excessive cost of care and to prevent the loss of autonomy.
July 2016: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444663/-impact-of-physical-activity-and-sedentarism-on-hydration-status-and-liquid-intake-in-spanish-older-adults-the-physmed-study
#17
Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Luzardo-Socorro, Gonzalo Palacios, María Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Josep Antoni Tur, Marcela González-Gross
INTRODUCTION: Data on hydration status in older adults are scarce and there are very few studies focusing on the impact of physical activity (PA) on drinking behavior. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of physical activity and sedentarism on fluid intake in Spanish elderly. METHODS: 433 non-institutionalized Spanish older adults (58% females), aged 55-88 years, volunteered for the PHYSMED study. PA data were obtained by means of the Minnesota and EXERNET questionnaires...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314365/association-between-cognitive-status-and-physical-activity-study-profile-on-baseline-survey-of-the-my-mind-project
#18
Cristina Gagliardi, Roberta Papa, Demetrio Postacchini, Cinzia Giuli
BACKGROUND: The incidence of people with dementia is expected to increase significantly in the coming years, but it seems that there is a relationship between an active lifestyle and cognitive decline. The present study aimed to compare the characteristics and engagement in the physical activity (PA) of three groups of Italian elderly with different cognitive statuses at baseline phase. METHODS: Data were examined using the results from the "My Mind Project" on 305 community-dwelling Italians...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244129/relationships-between-global-physical-activity-and-bone-mineral-density-in-a-group-of-male-and-female-italian-students
#19
Leonella Pasqualini, Christian Leli, Stefano Ministrini, Giuseppe Schillaci, Rosa M Zappavigna, Rita Lombardini, Anna M Scarponi, Elmo Mannarino
BACKGROUND: Peak of bone mass (PBM) is generally reached about the age of 18 both in boys and girls. Maximizing PBM during growth may contribute to fracture risk reduction in adulthood and in the elderly. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects on bone mineral density (BMD) of global physical activity (PA), carried out in the past 15 years, in a population of 70 healthy, young male and female subjects aged 22 to 25. METHODS: Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and total hip was measured using dual- energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA); global PA, resulting from sports-related, occupational and commuting PA, was evaluated using validated questionnaires...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194158/survey-study-suggests-that-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-is-becoming-the-treatment-of-choice-for-four-part-fractures-of-the-humeral-head-in-the-elderly
#20
David D Savin, Ina Zamfirova, Joseph Iannotti, Benjamin A Goldberg, Ari R Youderian
PURPOSE: The role of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) for three and four-part proximal humerus fractures is evolving. However, there does not appear to be a clear consensus amongst surgeons. The purpose of this study is to further define the standard of care, assessing surgeon preference and treatment considerations for management of such fractures. METHODS: Orthopaedic surgeons were surveyed on their training, practice setting, and experience regarding management of four-part proximal humerus fractures...
September 2016: International Orthopaedics
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