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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#1
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902746/latest-clinical-research-published-by-acsm
#2
Robert B Kiningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902744/acsm-clinician-profile
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870627/endurance-exercise-improves-function-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#4
Alicia Flach, Lisa Jaegers, Mary Krieger, Emily Bixler, Patrick Kelly, Edward P Weiss, S Omar Ahmad
Current evidence has shown that exercise can reduce symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, previous studies indicated mixed results, possibly because of variability in terms of the nature of the exercise interventions. The purpose of this study was to perform a metaanalysis of current evidence from endurance exercise intervention studies for effects on the United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) in individuals with PD. A systematic literature search in six electronic databases was performed and two independent reviewers screened the title and abstract of 1106 records captured by the initial search...
September 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857391/estimated-peak-functional-capacity-an-accurate-method-for-assessing-change-in-peak-oxygen-consumption-after-cardiac-rehabilitation
#5
S Nichols, D O Gleadall-Siddall, R Antony, A L Clark, J G F Cleland, S Carroll, L Ingle
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the 'gold standard' method of determining VO2peak . When CPET is unavailable, VO2peak may be estimated from treadmill or cycle ergometer workloads and expressed as estimated metabolic equivalents (METs). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes use estimated VO2peak (METs) to report changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, the accuracy of determining changes in VO2peak based on estimated functional capacity is not known. METHODS: A total of 27 patients with coronary heart disease (88·9% male; age 59·5 ± 10·0 years, body mass index 29·6 ± 3·8 kg m(-2) ) performed maximal CPET before and after an exercise-based CR intervention...
August 30, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816442/characterization-of-primary-organic-aerosol-from-domestic-wood-peat-and-coal-burning-in-ireland
#6
Chunshui Lin, Darius Ceburnis, Stig Hellebust, Paul Buckley, John Wenger, Francesco Canonaco, André Stephan Henry Prévôt, Ru-Jin Huang, Colin O'Dowd, Jurgita Ovadnevaite
An aerosol chemical speciation monitor (ACSM) was deployed to study the primary nonrefractory submicron particulate matter emissions from the burning of commercially available solid fuels (peat, coal, and wood) typically used in European domestic fuel stoves. Organic mass spectra (MS) from burning wood, peat, and coal were characterized and intercompared for factor analysis against ambient data. The reference profiles characterized in this study were used to estimate the contribution of solid fuel sources, along with oil combustion, to ambient pollution in Galway, Ireland using the multilinear engine (ME-2)...
September 6, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#7
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756248/do-trials-of-resistance-training-to-improve-mobility-after-stroke-adhere-to-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Genevieve Hendrey, Anne E Holland, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Ross Clark, Gavin Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resistance training to improve mobility outcomes after stroke adhere to the ACSM guidelines, and whether adherence was associated with better outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Online databases searched from 1975 to 30 October 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of lower limb strength training on mobility outcomes in adult stroke participants. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two independent reviewers completed data extraction...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696979/latest-clinical-research-published-by-acsm
#9
Robert B Kiningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696977/acsm-clinician-profile
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692631/increased-protein-requirements-in-female-athletes-after-variable-intensity-exercise
#11
Denise J Wooding, Jeff E Packer, Hiroyuki Kato, Daniel W D West, Glenda Courtney-Martin, Paul B Pencharz, Daniel R Moore
PURPOSE: Protein requirements are primarily studied in the context of resistance or endurance exercise with little research devoted to variable-intensity intermittent exercise characteristic of many team sports. Further, female populations are underrepresented in dietary sports science studies. We aimed to determine a dietary protein requirement in active females performing variable-intensity intermittent exercise using the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method. We hypothesized that these requirements would be greater than current IAAO-derived estimates in non-active adult males...
July 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687176/the-impact-of-a-single-bout-of-high-intensity-circuit-training-on-myokines-concentrations-and-cognitive-functions-in-women-of-different-age
#12
A Gmiat, K Micielska, M Kozłowska, D J Flis, M Smaruj, S Kujach, J Jaworska, P Lipińska, E Ziemann
The study aimed to assess effect of a single bout of high-intensity circuit training (HICT) on myokines concentration: interleukin-6 and irisin, inteleukin-10, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), heat shock proteins (HSP27, HSP70) and cognitive functions among women participated in HICT. It also attempted evaluating whether vitamin D could have modified the effect of HICT. Fourteen healthy, non-active women participating in the experiment were assigned to a young or middle-aged group. They performed a single session HICT using body weight as a resistance, based on the ACSM recommendations...
July 5, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676154/new-generalized-equation-for-predicting-maximal-oxygen-uptake-from-the-fitness-registry-and-the-importance-of-exercise-national-database
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Impaired cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is closely linked to chronic illness and associated with adverse events. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) regression equations (ACSM equations) developed to estimate oxygen uptake have known limitations leading to well-documented overestimation of CRF, especially at higher work rates. Thus, there is a need to explore alternative equations to more accurately predict CRF. We assessed maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) obtained directly by open-circuit spirometry in 7,983 apparently healthy subjects who participated in the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND)...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658083/relationship-between-percentages-of-heart-rate-reserve-and-oxygen-uptake-reserve-during-cycling-and-running-a-validation-study
#14
Giovanna C Guimarães, Paulo T V Farinatti, Adrian W Midgley, Fabrício Vasconcellos, Patrícia Vigário, Felipe A Cunha
The present study investigated the relationship between percentages of heart rate reserve (%HRR) and oxygen uptake reserve (%VO2R) during a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and discrete bouts of isocaloric cycling and treadmill running. Thirty men visited the laboratory three times for anthropometrical and resting VO2 assessments, and perform cycling and running CPETs. Ten men visited the laboratory twice more to investigate the validity of the %HRR-%VO2R relationships during isocaloric bouts of cycling and running at 75% VO2R with energy expenditures of 400 kcals...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648741/the-importance-of-dose-in-land-based-supervised-exercise-for-people-with-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
T Moseng, H Dagfinrud, G Smedslund, N Østerås
PURPOSE: To compare effects of land-based exercise programmes with high vs low or uncertain compliance with dose recommendations among people with hip osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analyses of supervised exercise programmes in people with symptomatic hip OA was conducted. Dose of the exercise interventions was evaluated according to the American College of Sports Medicine's (ACSM) recommendations for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength and flexibility in healthy adults...
June 23, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645496/determining-the-best-percent-predicted-equation-for-estimated-vo2-peak-by-a-1-km-moderate-perceptually-regulated-treadmill-walk-to-predict-mortality-in-outpatients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#16
Giovanni Grazzi, Gianni Mazzoni, Jonathan Myers, Luciano Codecà, Giovanni Pasanisi, Simona Mandini, Massimo Piepoli, Stefano Volpato, Francesco Conconi, Giorgio Chiaranda
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prognostic ability of established percent-predicted equations of peak oxygen consumption (%PRED) estimated by a moderate submaximal walking test in a large cohort of outpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). DESIGN: Population-based prospective study. METHODS: A total of 1442 male patients aged 25-85 years at baseline, underwent a moderate perceptually-regulated (11-13 on the 6-20 Borg scale) treadmill walk (1k-TWT) for peak oxygen consumption estimation (VO2 peak)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557860/applying-the-acsm-preparticipation-screening-algorithm-to-u-s-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2004
#17
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Deborah Riebe, Meir Magal, Gary Liguori
PURPOSE: For most people, the benefits of physical activity far outweigh the risks. Research has suggested that exercise preparticipation questionnaires might refer an unwarranted number of adults for medical evaluation before exercise initiation, creating a potential barrier to adoption. The new American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) prescreening algorithm relies on current exercise participation; history and symptoms of cardiovascular, metabolic, or renal disease; and desired exercise intensity to determine referral status...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556763/acsm-s-exercise-management-for-persons-with-chronic-diseases-and-disabilities-4th-ed-geoffrey-e-moore-j-larry-durstine-and-patricia-l-painter-published-2016-by-human-kinetics-champaign-il-89-00-416-pp-isbn-13-9781450434140
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515841/demands-of-simulated-commuting-using-an-electrically-assisted-bicycle
#19
D Taylor LA Salle, Robert Shute, Matthew Heesch, Dustin Slivka
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends adults participate in weekly aerobic activity for a minimum of 30 minutes moderate intensity exercise 5 days per week or 20 minutes of vigorous activity 3 days per week. The electrically assisted bicycle may help individuals achieve the ACSM's aerobic recommendations and introduce inactive individuals to physical activity. To compare the physiological requirements of riding a bicycle with electric pedal assist versus non-assist among healthy active young adults...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498229/not-missing-the-future-a-call-to-action-for-investigating-the-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies-in-pediatric-adolescent-sports-injuries
#20
Thomas M Best, Arnold Caplan, Michael Coleman, Laurie Goodrich, Jason Hurd, Lee D Kaplan, Ben Noonan, Philip Schoettle, Christopher Scott, Henry Stiene, Johnny Huard
In August 2016, a group including sport medicine clinicians, researchers, and a bioethicist met in Vail, Colorado to discuss regenerative medicine and its potential role in youth sports injuries. There was consensus that a call to action is urgently needed to understand the current evidence base, the risks and rewards, and future directions of research and clinical practice for regenerative medicine therapies in youth sports. We present here a summary of our meeting, which was supported by the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute (NYSHSI), a partnership between the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Sanford Health...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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