keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

specific phobias

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651207/metacognitive-therapy-versus-disorder-specific-cbt-for-comorbid-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Sverre Urnes Johnson, Asle Hoffart, Hans M Nordahl, Bruce E Wampold
Few studies have compared the effects of Metacognitive therapy (MCT) and Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for comorbid anxiety disorders. In the current study we compared CBT and MCT for heterogeneous anxiety disorders in a residential setting. Ninety patients with a primary diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Social Phobia or Panic disorder, with and without Agoraphobia, were randomized to either CBT or MCT. Patients were assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment and one-year follow-up. Primary outcome measures were Beck Anxiety Inventory and ADIS IV and secondary outcome measures were SCID II, Beck Depression Inventory, Penn State Worry Questionnaire, The Symptom Checklist-90 and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-64...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647668/a-combined-marker-of-early-non-improvement-and-the-occurrence-of-melancholic-features-improve-the-treatment-prediction-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorders
#2
Stefanie Wagner, André Tadić, Sibylle C Roll, Alice Engel, Nadine Dreimüller, Jan Engelmann, Klaus Lieb
BACKGROUND: Early Improvement of depressive symptoms within two weeks of antidepressant treatment is a highly sensitive but less specific predictor of later treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to identify clinical features at treatment initiation which are associated with early improvement and non-improvement as well as to identify variables predicting non-remission in patients showing an early improvement. METHODS: 889 patients with a major depressive episode according to DSM-IV who had participated in an antidepressant treatment trial served as study sample...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642683/object-phobia-and-altered-rhoa-signaling-in-amygdala-of-mice-lacking-rich2
#3
Tasnuva Sarowar, Stefanie Grabrucker, Tobias M Boeckers, Andreas M Grabrucker
RICH2 knockout (RICH2 KO) mice exhibit neophobia in the novel object test. To gain further insight into their anxiety-related phenotype, we subjected these mice to additional behavioral tests to elucidate whether the behavioral abnormality in these mice is a consequence of reduced exploratory motivation, and whether the neophobia is linked specifically to objects or also present for other modalities. RICH2 KO mice engage in normal exploration in a novel environment, suggesting that the anxiety-related phenotype is not due to reduced exploratory drive...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642079/common-and-distinct-brain-networks-underlying-panic-and-social-anxiety-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Yong-Ku Kim, Ho-Kyoung Yoon
Although panic disorder (PD) and phobic disorders are independent anxiety disorders with distinct sets of diagnostic criteria, there is a high level of overlap between them in terms of pathogenesis and neural underpinnings. Functional connectivity research using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) shows great potential in identifying the similarities and differences between PD and phobias. Understanding common and distinct networks between PD and phobic disorders is critical for identifying both specific and general neural characteristics of these disorders...
June 19, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599192/psychophysiological-and-self-reported-reactivity-associated-with-social-anxiety-and-public-speaking-fear-symptoms-effects-of-fear-versus-distress
#5
Georgia Panayiotou, Maria Karekla, Dora Georgiou, Elena Constantinou, Michaela Paraskeva-Siamata
This study examines psychophysiological and subjective reactivity to anxiety-provoking situations in relation to social anxiety and public speaking fear. We hypothesized that social anxiety symptoms would be associated with similar reactivity across types of imaginary anxiety scenes and not specifically to social anxiety-related scenes. This would be attributed to co-existing depression symptoms. Public speaking fear was expected to be associated with more circumscribed reactivity to survival-threat scenes, due to its association with fearfulness...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593598/brief-report-macrocephaly-phenotype-and-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-a-clinical-sample-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#6
Lilia Albores-Gallo, Laura Fritsche-García, Arturo Pabel Miranda-Aguirre, Montserrat Avila-Acosta
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may present with macrocephaly. Few studies have analyzed the association with psychiatric comorbidity. Participants were 94 children with any ASD with an age range from 2 to 16 years (Mdn 6 years), 82% were boys. It was found that 20% of the sample had macrocephaly and 1% microcephaly. There was no association between the presence of macrocephaly and subtype of ASD. The most associated comorbidity was attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 54.2%, followed by specific phobia 34%, dysthimia 29...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589965/generalization-of-extinguished-fear-to-untreated-fear-stimuli-after-exposure
#7
Friederike Preusser, Jürgen Margraf, Armin Zlomuzica
Exposure therapy is highly effective in treating excessive fear related to specific objects and/or situations. However, patients with anxiety disorders often display a generalization of fear responses towards conceptually and perceptually related stimuli and situations. It is unclear whether the beneficial effects of exposure on fear reduction towards treated fear stimuli can extend to untreated fear stimuli. Here, we investigated whether basic principles of extinction generalization apply to exposure. Spider-phobic participants were randomly assigned to either two sessions of exposure treatment (n=23) with spiders or no-treatment (n=24)...
June 7, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580599/the-two-faces-of-avoidance-time-frequency-correlates-of-motivational-disposition-in-blood-phobia
#8
Rocco Mennella, Michela Sarlo, Simone Messerotti Benvenuti, Giulia Buodo, Giovanni Mento, Daniela Palomba
Contrary to other phobias, individuals with blood phobia do not show a clear-cut withdrawal disposition from the feared stimulus. The study of response inhibition provides insights into reduced action disposition in blood phobia. Twenty individuals with and 20 without blood phobia completed an emotional go/no-go task including phobia-related pictures, as well as phobia-unrelated unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant stimuli. Behavioral results did not indicate a phobia-specific reduced action disposition in the phobic group...
June 5, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580504/emotion-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-a-randomized-trial
#9
Cynthia Suveg, Anna Jones, Molly Davis, Marni L Jacob, Diana Morelen, Kristel Thomassin, Monica Whitehead
Difficulties with emotion regulation are a core feature of anxiety disorders (ADs) in children and adults. Interventions with a specific focus on emotion regulation are gaining empirical support. Yet, no studies to date have compared the relative efficacy of such interventions to existing evidence-based treatments. Such comparisons are necessary to determine whether emotion-focused treatments might be more effective for youth exhibiting broad emotion-regulation difficulties at pretreatment. This study examined an emotion-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (ECBT) protocol in comparison to traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in a sample of children with a primary anxiety disorder diagnosis...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558881/social-anxiety-and-internet-socialization-in-indian-undergraduate-students-an-exploratory-study
#10
Bianca S Honnekeri, Akhil Goel, Maithili Umate, Nilesh Shah, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is a globally prevalent, chronic, debilitating psychiatric disorder affecting youth. With comorbidities including major depression, substance abuse, lower educational and work attainment, and increased suicide risk, it has a significant public health burden. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of SAD in urban Indian undergraduate students and to study their Facebook (FB) usage patterns. METHODS: In this exploratory cross-sectional study, 316 undergraduate students were screened for social anxiety using validated instruments, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS), and divided into two groups based on scores obtained...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556577/clinical-and-neurobiological-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-in-dental-phobia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Brigitt L Lindenberger, Jens Plag, Sarah Schumacher, Katharina Gaudlitz, Sophie Bischoff, Thomas Bobbert, Fernando Dimeo, Moritz B Petzold, Clemens Kirschbaum, Zsuzsa Dudás, Andreas Ströhle
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has shown to be effective in anxiety disorders. For specific phobia, no studies are available that systematically examined the effects of an aerobic exercise intervention on phobic fear within a randomized-controlled design. Therefore, we investigated the acute effect of a standardized aerobic training on clinical symptoms of dental phobia as well as on stress-related neurobiological markers. METHODS: Within a crossover design, 30 patients with dental phobia (mean age: 34...
May 26, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544944/mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-australia-and-new-zealand-s-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Emma Black, Steve Kisely, Karolina Alichniewicz, Maree Toombs
The Indigenous populations of Australia and New Zealand are considered at higher risk of mood and anxiety disorders but many studies do not include direct comparisons with similar non-Indigenous controls. We conducted a systematic search of relevant electronic databases, as well as snowballing and targeted searches of the grey literature. Studies were included for meta-analysis if they compared rates of mood and anxiety disorders between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians or Maori. Seven Australian and 10 NZ studies were included...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540594/recent-progress-in-virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-phobias-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Cristina Botella, Javier Fernández-Álvarez, Verónica Guillén, Azucena García-Palacios, Rosa Baños
This review is designed to systematically examine the available evidence about virtual reality exposure therapy's (VRET) efficacy for phobias, critically describe some of the most important challenges in the field and discuss possible directions. Evidence reveals that virtual reality (VR) is an effective treatment for phobias and useful for studying specific issues, such as pharmacological compounds and behavioral manipulations, that can enhance treatment outcomes. In addition, some variables, such as sense of presence in virtual environments, have a significant influence on outcomes, but further research is needed to better understand their role in therapeutic outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540453/linking-anxiety-and-insistence-on-sameness-in-autistic-children-the-role-of-sensory-hypersensitivity
#14
Karen R Black, Ryan A Stevenson, Magali Segers, Busiswe L Ncube, Sol Z Sun, Aviva Philipp-Muller, James M Bebko, Morgan D Barense, Susanne Ferber
Sensory hypersensitivity and insistence on sameness (I/S) are common, co-occurring features of autism, yet the relationship between them is poorly understood. This study assessed the impact of sensory hypersensitivity on the clinical symptoms of specific phobia, separation anxiety, social anxiety and I/S for autistic and typically developing (TD) children. Parents of 79 children completed questionnaires on their child's difficulties related to sensory processing, I/S, and anxiety. Results demonstrated that sensory hypersensitivity mediated 67% of the relationship between symptoms of specific phobia and I/S and 57% of the relationship between separation anxiety and I/S...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520662/anxiety-disorders-in-adults-with-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-evidence-of-difficulties-more-than-10-years-postinjury
#15
Michelle Albicini, Audrey McKinlay
OBJECTIVE: To explore long-term psychiatric outcomes in individuals with a history of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) or orthopedic injury (OI). SETTING: Hospital emergency department, medical admission records and outpatient settings. PARTICIPANTS: There were 95 males (M = 22.78 years, SD = 3.44 years) and 74 females (M = 22.27 years, SD = 3.09 years), 65 with mild TBI (M = 23.25 years, SD = 3.58 years), 61 with moderate-severe TBI (M = 22...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513061/disorder-specific-versus-generic-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-disorder-specific-cbt-compared-with-the-disorder-generic-treatment-coping-cat
#16
Rose Oldham-Cooper, Maria Loades
BACKGROUND: Coping Cat (CC), a generic cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, is recommended in the United Kingdom for social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety (SA), and specific phobias (SP), with disorder-specific approaches generally favored in treatment of anxiety disorders in adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare CC with disorder-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions based on anxiety-related treatment outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512692/virtual-reality-enhanced-extinction-of-phobias-and-post-traumatic-stress
#17
REVIEW
Jessica L Maples-Keller, Carly Yasinski, Nicole Manjin, Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
Virtual reality (VR) refers to an advanced technological communication interface in which the user is actively participating in a computer-generated 3-dimensional virtual world that includes computer sensory input devices used to simulate real-world interactive experiences. VR has been used within psychiatric treatment for anxiety disorders, particularly specific phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder, given several advantages that VR provides for use within treatment for these disorders. Exposure therapy for anxiety disorder is grounded in fear-conditioning models, in which extinction learning involves the process through which conditioned fear responses decrease or are inhibited...
May 16, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472176/testing-the-metacognitive-model-against-the-benchmark-cbt-model-of-social-anxiety-disorder-is-it-time-to-move-beyond-cognition
#18
Henrik Nordahl, Adrian Wells
The recommended treatment for Social Phobia is individual Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT-treatments emphasize social self-beliefs (schemas) as the core underlying factor for maladaptive self-processing and social anxiety symptoms. However, the need for such beliefs in models of psychopathology has recently been questioned. Specifically, the metacognitive model of psychological disorders asserts that particular beliefs about thinking (metacognitive beliefs) are involved in most disorders, including social anxiety, and are a more important factor underlying pathology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456564/respiratory-and-hemodynamic-contributions-to-emotion-related-pre-syncopal-vasovagal-symptoms
#19
Johanna M Harrison, Philippe T Gilchrist, Tiana S Corovic, Curtis Bogetti, Yuqing Song, Simon L Bacon, Blaine Ditto
Vasovagal reactions are conventionally understood as resulting from systemic changes in cardiovascular activity; however, there exists a complementary perspective focused on specific changes in cerebral vasoconstriction associated with hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia. The present study investigated the role cardiovascular and respiratory activity in self-reported pre-syncopal vasovagal reactions to a surgery video in a sample a 49 healthy women. Participants who indicated more previous real-life episodes of dizziness reported experiencing significantly more symptoms in the laboratory consistent with a vasovagal response...
April 26, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433854/comorbidity-age-of-onset-and-suicidality-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd-an-international-collaboration
#20
V Brakoulias, V Starcevic, A Belloch, C Brown, Y A Ferrao, L F Fontenelle, C Lochner, D Marazziti, H Matsunaga, E C Miguel, Y C J Reddy, M C do Rosario, R G Shavitt, A Shyam Sundar, D J Stein, A R Torres, K Viswasam
OBJECTIVES: To collate data from multiple obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) treatment centers across seven countries and five continents, and to report findings in relation to OCD comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders, and suicidality, in a large clinical and ethnically diverse sample, with the aim of investigating cultural variation and the utility of the psychiatric diagnostic classification of obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. METHODS: Researchers in the field of OCD were invited to contribute summary statistics on current and lifetime psychiatric comorbidity, age of onset of OCD and comorbid disorders and suicidality in their patients with OCD...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
101442
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"