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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889251/a-10-year-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-daily-hassles-and-incident-psychopathology-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-interactions-with-gender-perceived-coping-efficacy-and-negative-life-events
#1
Eva Asselmann, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Roselind Lieb, Katja Beesdo-Baum
PURPOSE: To prospectively examine whether higher daily hassles predict a variety of incident mental disorders and respective associations vary by gender, age, perceived coping efficacy and number of negative life events. METHODS: Data comes from the Early Developmental Stages of Psychopathology Study (EDSP), a prospective-longitudinal study among adolescents and young adults from the community (n = 2797, aged 14-24 at baseline) followed up in up to 3 assessment waves over 10 years...
September 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886905/group-differences-in-pain-interference-psychiatric-disorders-and-general-medical-conditions-among-hispanics-and-whites-in-the-u-s-general-population
#2
Declan T Barry, Corey Pilver Glenn, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza
The cross-sectional retrospective study examined whether ethnicity moderates relationships between pain interference and both psychopathology and general medical conditions among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults. Participants comprised 32,574 (14% Hispanic; 86% white) National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions respondents. While Hispanic respondents were less likely than white respondents to report severe pain interference (11.4% vs. 11.9%) or moderate pain interference (5.7% vs. 7...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883770/frequency-of-depression-and-its-correlation-with-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#3
Senada Dzebo, Jasmina Mahmutovic, Hasiba Erkocevic, Faris Foco
INTRODUCTION: the effects of malignant tumors of oral cavity may be reflected through mental, physical, social and emotional well-being and quality of life of patients. Those suffering from malignancies show a large degree of psychological problems (fear, anxiety, depression, panic disorders, phobias) both at the time of diagnosis and during the treatment. AIM: to determine a level of depression in patients with oral cavity cancer and to link quality of life and level of depression of patients with oral cavity cancer...
June 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879250/dental-care-related-fear-and-anxiety-distress-tolerance-as-a-possible-mechanism
#4
S H Addicks, D W McNeil, C L Randall, A Goddard, L M Romito, C Sirbu, G Kaushal, A Metzger, B D Weaver
Distress tolerance, the degree to which one is able to cope with and endure negative emotional states, has been broadly applied to understand and treat a variety of health (including behavioral) problems, but little is known about its role in oral health care and specifically dental care-related fear and anxiety, making it a novel construct in the oral health care literature. This cross-sectional study examined distress tolerance as a possible predictor of dental fear and anxiety among a sample of adults with and without diagnoses of dental phobia, investigated possible differences in levels of distress tolerance between adults with and without dental phobia, and determined possible associations between distress tolerance and fear of pain, anxiety sensitivity, and depression...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#5
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867433/epidemiology-of-back-pain-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-a-longitudinal-population-cohort-survey-from-age-27-50-years
#6
Felix Angst, Jules Angst, Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, André Aeschlimann, Wulf Rössler
BACKGROUND: Back pain is extremely common and a huge burden for both individuals and health care services. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the prevalence and incidence of lumbar and cervical back pain over 23 years and to quantify associations with concomitant disorders. METHODS: Data on lumbar and cervical back pain, and mental disorders from the Zurich study, collected between 1986 (age men: 27/women: 28 years) and 2008 (age 49/50) were analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859190/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Zhen Wang, Stephen P H Whiteside, Leslie Sim, Wigdan Farah, Allison S Morrow, Mouaz Alsawas, Patricia Barrionuevo, Mouaffaa Tello, Noor Asi, Bradley Beuschel, Lubna Daraz, Jehad Almasri, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Oscar J Ponce, Annie LeBlanc, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Importance: Childhood anxiety is common. Multiple treatment options are available, but existing guidelines provide inconsistent advice on which treatment to use. Objectives: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and adverse events of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and SciVerse Scopus from database inception through February 1, 2017...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851674/a-validation-study-of-the-web-screening-questionnaire-wsq-compared-with-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-plus-mini-plus
#8
Denise Meuldijk, Erik J Giltay, Ingrid Ve Carlier, Irene M van Vliet, Albert M van Hemert, Frans G Zitman
BACKGROUND: There is a need for brief screening methods for psychiatric disorders in clinical practice. This study assesses the validity and accuracy of a brief self-report screening questionnaire, the Web Screening Questionnaire (WSQ), in detecting psychiatric disorders in a study group comprising the general population and psychiatric outpatients aged 18 years and older. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the WSQ is an adequate test to screen for the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders in clinical practice...
August 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830604/blood-injection-fear-scale-portuguese-version-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-large-sample-of-primary-health-care-users
#9
Miriane Lucindo Zucoloto, Edson Zangiacomi Martinez
BACKGROUND: Blood/injection phobia may have important consequences for health. These phobic individuals, in most cases, avoid contact with health systems, postpone or avoid medical procedures, avoid invasive treatments and do not participate in health promotion and early detection of disease initiatives such as vaccination, consultations, preventive exams or blood donation. Thus, specific and validated instruments are necessary to assess this variable. In addition, a lack of studies on this theme may be associated with the low availability of instruments...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814472/neurobiology-of-fear-and-specific-phobias
#10
René Garcia
Fear, which can be expressed innately or after conditioning, is triggered when a danger or a stimulus predicting immediate danger is perceived. Its role is to prepare the body to face this danger. However, dysfunction in fear processing can lead to psychiatric disorders in which fear outweighs the danger or possibility of harm. Although recognized as highly debilitating, pathological fear remains insufficiently treated, indicating the importance of research on fear processing. The neurobiological basis of normal and pathological fear reactions is reviewed in this article...
September 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814317/collaborative-care-for-panic-disorder-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-social-phobia-in-general-practice-study-protocol-for-three-cluster-randomised-superiority-trials
#11
Nadja Kehler Curth, Ursula Ødum Brinck-Claussen, Annette Sofie Davidsen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau, Merete Lundsteen, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Claudio Csillag, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: People with anxiety disorders represent a significant part of a general practitioner's patient population. However, there are organisational obstacles for optimal treatment, such as a lack of coordination of illness management and limited access to evidence-based treatment such as cognitive behavioral therapy. A limited number of studies suggest that collaborative care has a positive effect on symptoms for people with anxiety disorders. However, most studies are carried out in the USA and none have reported results for social phobia or generalised anxiety disorder separately...
August 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813110/trait-vs-state-anxiety-in-different-threatening-situations
#12
Pollyana Caldeira Leal, Tiago Costa Goes, Luiz Carlos Ferreira da Silva, Flavia Teixeira-Silva
Objective: Anxiety as a uni- or multidimensional construct has been under discussion. The unidimensional approach assumes that there is a general trait anxiety, which predisposes the individuals to increases in state anxiety in various threatening situations. In this case, there should be a correlation between state and trait anxiety in any situation of threat. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between trait and state anxiety in participants exposed to two different anxiogenic situations: interpersonal threat (Video-Monitored Stroop Test - VMST) and physical threat (third molar extraction - TME)...
August 14, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812274/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders
#13
Michael G Gottschalk, Katharina Domschke
In the present chapter, we review the literature focusing on oxytocin (OT)-centered research in anxiety spectrum conditions, comprising separation anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety-related endophenotypes (e.g., trust behavior, behavioral inhibition, neuroticism, and state/trait anxiety). OT receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms have been implicated in gene-environment interactions with attachment style and childhood maltreatment and to influence clinical outcomes, including SAD intensity and limbic responsiveness...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805400/anxiety-and-depression-as-bidirectional-risk-factors-for-one-another-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#14
Nicholas C Jacobson, Michelle G Newman
Not only do anxiety and depression diagnoses tend to co-occur, but their symptoms are highly correlated. Although a plethora of research has examined longitudinal associations between anxiety and depression, these data have not yet been effectively synthesized. To address this need, the current study undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of 66 studies involving 88,336 persons examining the prospective relationship between anxiety and depression at both symptom and disorder levels. Using mixed-effect models, results suggested that all types of anxiety symptoms predicted later depressive symptoms (r = ...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766176/play-modified-one-session-treatment-for-young-children-with-a-specific-phobia-of-dogs-a-multiple-baseline-case-series
#15
Lara J Farrell, Helen Kershaw, Thomas Ollendick
The one-session treatment (OST) approach for SPs is deemed well-established, and has been found to be highly effective for older children and adults; however, has not yet been trialled with very young children. The present study examines the preliminary effectiveness of play-modified OST for young children with a SP of dogs, using a multiple baseline controlled case series design. Treatment involved play modified one-session of intensive cognitive-behavioural therapy (OST plus Play) which was followed by brief telephone delivered maintenance calls over the 3 weeks immediately following treatment...
August 1, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747933/i-think-i-m-going-to-be-sick-an-eight-year-old-boy-with-emetophobia-and-secondary-food-restriction
#16
Sarabpreet Dosanjh, William Fleisher, Diana Sam
We present a case of an eight-year-old boy with a specific phobia of vomiting who developed subsequent food restriction and weight loss. Our case report includes a review of treatment modalities for specific phobias including cognitive behavioural and exposure therapy in young children and the importance of parental involvement in the treatment process. After an initial assessment and diagnosis of this boy with emetophobia, treatment took place over ten subsequent visits, one hour each in duration. His treatment included a cognitive approach utilizing exposure therapy to re-introduce foods to his diet, working through a fear hierarchy, addressing cognitive distortions/misconceptions and psychoeducational supports...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745033/psychometric-investigation-of-the-specific-phobia-of-vomiting-inventory-a-new-factor-model
#17
Danielle J Maack, Chad Ebesutani, Todd A Smitherman
Well-validated, standardized measures are lacking for the assessment of emetophobia, the specific phobia of vomiting. The Specific Phobia of Vomiting Inventory (SPOVI) was recently developed and shows promise as a useful measure of emetophobia. The goal of the present study was to further examine and investigate the psychometric properties of the SPOVI in a large student sample (n = 1626), specifically focusing on its factor structure, measurement invariance across gender, and convergent/divergent validity...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735718/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-work-anxiety-in-medical-rehabilitation-patients-a-cross-sectional-observation-study
#18
Beate Muschalla, Michael Jöbges
OBJECTIVE: To investigate frequency, type and characteristics of work-anxieties in somatic rehabilitation inpatients. Work-anxieties are serious disorders which affect occupational functioning and often go along with long-term sick leave. Somatic patients may suffer from work-related participation problems due to their chronic health condition. Work-anxieties need specific diagnostic and treatment. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional observation study. SETTING: We investigated inpatients from a neurological, orthopedic and cardiologic rehabilitation clinic...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734237/the-spider-and-the-snake-a-psychometric-study-of-two-phobias-and-insights-from-the-hungarian-validation
#19
Andras N Zsido
Specific phobias-particularly zoophobias-are prevalent worldwide and can have fairly dramatic health consequences. Self-report measurements play a crucial role in phobia research studies; thus, it is important to have a reliable tool in different languages. The present investigation examined the psychometric properties of the Hungarian version of two commonly used measures of fear: the Spider Phobia Questionnaire (i.e. SPQ) and the Snake Questionnaire (i.e. SNAQ). The SPQ and SNAQ scores both demonstrated excellent reliability, including a test-retest over a 4-week period...
July 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726454/attitude-roots-and-jiu-jitsu-persuasion-understanding-and-overcoming-the-motivated-rejection-of-science
#20
Matthew J Hornsey, Kelly S Fielding
There is a worryingly large chasm between scientific consensus and popular opinion. Roughly one third of Americans are skeptical that humans are primarily responsible for climate change; rates of some infectious diseases are climbing in the face of anti-immunization beliefs; and significant numbers of the population worldwide are antievolution creationists. It is easy to assume that resistance to an evidence-based message is a result of ignorance or failure to grasp evidence (the "deficit model" of science communication)...
July 2017: American Psychologist
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