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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210232/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-combined-social-phobia-scale-and-social-interaction-anxiety-scale-support-for-a-bifactor-model
#1
Rapson Gomez, Shaun D Watson
For the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) together, this study examined support for a bifactor model, and also the internal consistency reliability and external validity of the factors in this model. Participants (N = 526) were adults from the general community who completed the SPS and SIAS. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of their ratings indicated good support for the bifactor model. For this model, the loadings for all but six items were higher on the general factor than the specific factors...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196993/personality-disorders-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depression-among-patients-of-severe-acne-a-cross-sectional-study-from-eastern-india
#2
Sharmila Sarkar, Paramita Patra, Kakali Mridha, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Asish Mukhopadhyay, Rajarshi Guha Thakurta
BACKGROUND: In many patients, emotional stress may exacerbate acne. Psychological problems such as social phobias, low self-esteem, or depression may also occur as a result of acne. The presence of acne may have some negative effect on the quality of life, self-esteem, and mood of the affected patients. While some studies have been undertaken about anxiety, depression, and personality patterns in patients with acne, only a few studies have been done to identify specific personality disorders in patients with acne...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196739/preschool-needle-pain-responding-establishing-normal
#3
Jordana A Waxman, Miranda G DiLorenzo, Rebecca R Pillai Riddell, David B Flora, Saul Greenberg, Hartley Garfield
: The current study sets forth to provide both descriptive data for preschool vaccination pain responding and examine longitudinal relationships over early childhood. Growth mixture modeling (GMM) was first used to describe stable subgroups of preschoolers based on their pain response patterns over 2-minutes post-needle. Secondly, a parallel-process growth curve model was used to assess the stability of acute pain responding from 12-months of age to preschool age. Specifically, we examined whether preschool pain-related distress or regulation could be predicted from 12-month acute pain responding...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173886/comparison-of-the-dsm-5-and-icd-10-panic-and-other-anxiety-disorders
#4
Borwin Bandelow
Anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders and are associated with substantial healthcare costs and a high burden of disease. In this article, changes in the new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (the DSM-5) with respect to panic disorder/agoraphobia, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and selective mutism are compared with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) system.
February 8, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157599/harm-beliefs-and-coping-expectancies-in-youth-with-specific-phobias
#5
Thomas H Ollendick, Lars-Göran Öst, Sarah M Ryan, Nicole N Capriola, Lena Reuterskiöld
Catastrophic beliefs and lowered coping expectancies are often present in individuals with specific phobias (SPs). The current study examined these beliefs and expectancies in 251 youth who received One Session Treatment for one of the three most common types of SP in youth (animals, natural environment, and situational). We compared the children's subjective beliefs to objective ratings of the likelihood of occurrence and the dangerousness of the feared events. Results revealed pre-treatment differences in the youths' beliefs across phobia types and age...
January 18, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144878/diverse-profiles-of-anxiety-related-disorders-in-fragile-x-cornelia-de-lange-and-rubinstein-taybi-syndromes
#6
Hayley Crawford, Jane Waite, Chris Oliver
Anxiety disorders are heightened in specific genetic syndromes in comparison to intellectual disability of heterogeneous aetiology. In this study, we described and contrasted anxiety symptomatology in fragile X (FXS), Cornelia de Lange (CdLS) and Rubinstein-Taybi syndromes (RTS), and compared the symptomatology to normative data for typically-developing children and children diagnosed with an anxiety disorder. Scores did not differ between children diagnosed with an anxiety disorder and (a) participants with FXS on social phobia, panic/agoraphobia, physical injury fears, and obsessive-compulsive subscales (b) participants with CdLS on separation anxiety, generalized anxiety, panic/agoraphobia, physical injury fears and obsessive-compulsive subscales, and (c) participants with RTS on panic/agoraphobia and obsessive-compulsive subscales...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122091/d-cycloserine-augmentation-of-exposure-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-anxiety-obsessive-compulsive-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
David Mataix-Cols, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Benedetta Monzani, David Rosenfield, Erik Andersson, Ana Pérez-Vigil, Paolo Frumento, Rianne A de Kleine, JoAnn Difede, Boadie W Dunlop, Lara J Farrell, Daniel Geller, Maryrose Gerardi, Adam J Guastella, Stefan G Hofmann, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Matt G Kushner, Francis S Lee, Eric J Lenze, Cheri A Levinson, Harry McConnell, Michael W Otto, Jens Plag, Mark H Pollack, Kerry J Ressler, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Barbara O Rothbaum, Michael S Scheeringa, Anja Siewert-Siegmund, Jasper A J Smits, Eric A Storch, Andreas Ströhle, Candyce D Tart, David F Tolin, Agnes van Minnen, Allison M Waters, Carl F Weems, Sabine Wilhelm, Katarzyna Wyka, Michael Davis, Christian Rück
Importance: Whether and under which conditions D-cycloserine (DCS) augments the effects of exposure-based cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and posttraumatic stress disorders is unclear. Objective: To clarify whether DCS is superior to placebo in augmenting the effects of cognitive behavior therapy for anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, and posttraumatic stress disorders and to evaluate whether antidepressants interact with DCS and the effect of potential moderating variables...
January 25, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114091/-virtual-reality-therapy-in-anxiety-disorders
#8
V Mitrousia, O Giotakos
During the last decade a number of studies have been conducted in order to examine if virtual reality exposure therapy can be an alternative form of therapy for the treatment of mental disorders and particularly for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Imaginal exposure therapy, which is one of the components of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, cannot be easily applied to all patients and in cases like those virtual reality can be used as an alternative or a supportive psychotherapeutic technique. Most studies using virtual reality have focused on anxiety disorders, mainly in specific phobias, but some extend to other disorders such as eating disorders, drug dependence, pain control and palliative care and rehabilitation...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100203/diaphragmatic-breathing-during-virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-aviophobia-functional-coping-strategy-or-avoidance-behavior-a-pilot-study
#9
Youssef Shiban, Julia Diemer, Jana Müller, Johanna Brütting-Schick, Paul Pauli, Andreas Mühlberger
BACKGROUND: Although there is solid evidence for the efficacy of in vivo and virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy for a specific phobia, there is a significant debate over whether techniques promoting distraction or relaxation have impairing or enhancing effects on treatment outcome. In the present pilot study, we investigated the effect of diaphragmatic breathing (DB) as a relaxation technique during VR exposure treatment. METHOD: Twenty-nine patients with aviophobia were randomly assigned to VR exposure treatment either with or without diaphragmatic breathing (six cycles per minute)...
January 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068460/side-effects-to-antidepressant-treatment-in-patients-with-depression-and-comorbid-panic-disorder
#10
Stewart A Shankman, Stephanie M Gorka, Andrea C Katz, Daniel N Klein, John C Markowitz, Bruce A Arnow, Rachel Manber, Barbara O Rothbaum, Michael E Thase, Alan F Schatzberg, Martin B Keller, Madhukar H Trivedi, James H Kocsis
OBJECTIVE: Side effects to antidepressant medication can affect the efficacy of treatment, but few predictors foretell who experiences side effects and which side effects they experience. This secondary data analysis examined whether depressed patients with comorbid panic disorder were more likely to experience side effects than those without panic disorder. The study also examined whether greater burden of side effects predicted a poorer treatment course for patients with panic disorder than those without panic disorder...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066706/initial-and-sustained-brain-responses-to-threat-anticipation-in-blood-injection-injury-phobia
#11
Leonie Brinkmann, Hendrik Poller, Martin J Herrmann, Wolfgang Miltner, Thomas Straube
Blood-injection-injury (BII) phobia differs from other subtypes of specific phobia in that it is associated with elevated disgust-sensitivity as well as specific autonomic and brain responses during processing of phobia-relevant stimuli. To what extent these features play a role already during threat anticipation is unclear. In the current fMRI experiment, 16 female BII phobics and 16 female healthy controls anticipated the presentation of phobia-specific and neutral pictures. On the behavioral level, anxiety dominated the anticipatory period in BII phobics relative to controls, while both anxiety and disgust were elevated during picture presentation...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032271/profiles-of-temperament-among-youth-with-specific-phobias-implications-for-cbt-outcomes
#12
Nicole N Capriola, Jordan A Booker, Thomas H Ollendick
Specific phobias (SPs) are characterized by excessive fear or anxiety regarding an object or situation. SPs often result in a host of negative outcomes in childhood and beyond. Children with SPs are broadly assumed to show dispositional over-regulation and fearfulness relative to children without SPs, but there are few attempts to distinguish dispositional patterns among children with SPs. In the present study, we examined trajectories of differing temperamental profiles for youth receiving a CBT-based treatment for their SP...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030746/association-of-fluid-intelligence-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-population-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#13
Katherine M Keyes, Jonathan Platt, Alan S Kaufman, Katie A McLaughlin
Importance: Despite long-standing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with intelligence, few population-based studies of psychiatric disorders have assessed intelligence. Objective: To investigate the association of fluid intelligence with past-year and lifetime psychiatric disorders, disorder age at onset, and disorder severity in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants: National sample of adolescents ascertained from schools and households from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement, collected 2001 through 2004...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012301/psychophysiological-reactivity-of-currently-dental-phobic-remitted-dental-phobic-and-never-dental-phobic-individuals-during-exposure-to-dental-related-and-other-affect-inducing-materials
#14
André Wannemueller, Dirk Adolph, Hans-Peter Joehren, Simon E Blackwell, Jürgen Margraf
Psychophysiological responses indicating the preparation of defensive behaviour, such as heart rate (HR)-increase and startle-response (SR) potentiation, have often been reported amongst individuals suffering from phobic disorders when exposed to phobia-related information. Although exposure is widely considered the 'gold standard' for treatment of Specific Phobia, it is unclear to what extent psychophysiological defensive response patterns change following treatment, and whether any changes are maintained...
March 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996024/a-genome-wide-screen-for-acrophobia-susceptibility-loci-in-a-finnish-isolate
#15
Zuzanna Misiewicz, Tero Hiekkalinna, Tiina Paunio, Teppo Varilo, Joseph D Terwilliger, Timo Partonen, Iiris Hovatta
Acrophobia, an abnormal fear of heights, is a specific phobia characterized as apprehension cued by the occurrence or anticipation of elevated spaces. It is considered a complex trait with onset influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Identification of genetic risk variants would provide novel insight into the genetic basis of the fear of heights phenotype and contribute to the molecular-level understanding of its aetiology. Genetic isolates may facilitate identification of susceptibility alleles due to reduced genetic heterogeneity...
December 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995827/prevalence-of-current-anxiety-disorders-in-people-with-bipolar-disorder-during-euthymia-a-meta-analysis
#16
B Pavlova, R H Perlis, O Mantere, C M Sellgren, E Isometsä, P B Mitchell, M Alda, R Uher
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in people with bipolar disorder, but it is not clear how many have anxiety disorders even at times when they are free of major mood episodes. We aimed to establish what proportion of euthymic individuals with bipolar disorder meet diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders. METHOD: We performed a random-effects meta-analysis of prevalence rates of current DSM-III- and DSM-IV-defined anxiety disorders (panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety disorder not otherwise specified) in euthymic adults with bipolar disorder in studies published by 31 December 2015...
December 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995381/the-behavioral-avoidance-task-with-anxious-youth-a-review-of-procedures-properties-and-criticisms
#17
REVIEW
Peter J Castagna, Thompson E Davis, Megan E Lilly
The measurement of avoidance behavior in youth with anxiety and related disorders is essential. Historically, the behavioral avoidance task (BAT) has been used as a measure of avoidance that can be tailored to a youth's particular fear. Although in use for over 90 years, there has yet to be a systematic review of its use, properties, etc. Here we examine the use of the BAT with youth as a measure of avoidance over the past 30 years. Studies have used the BAT as a measure of treatment outcome, to explore theories related to avoidance, and provide evidence for the psychometric properties of phobia questionnaires...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951417/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-analgesic-behavioral-effects-and-chronic-toxicity-of-the-new-3-5-diaminopyrazole-and-its-precursor-the-thiocyanoacetamide
#18
Ridha Ben Ali, Amal Ben Othman, Khouloud Bokri, Samira Maghraoui, Adel Hajri, Azaiez Ben Akacha, Chadli Dziri, Michèle Véronique El May
This study aimed to explore the analgesic, antioxidant, behavioral and toxicological effects of 3,5-diaminopyrazole and thiocyanoacetamide. Caffeine was used as reference drug whose effects are known after oral treatment with an efficient dose (10mg/kg/day) for 30days. The preliminary bioassays indicated that both compounds at this dose have strong antioxidant capacities and present highly analgesic effects. The behavioral study showed an activation of the rat memory by thiocyanoacetamide. This molecule caused a phobia state to open areas in the elevated plus maze and specifically agoraphobia in the open field with a lack in the development of the exploratory capacity...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#19
REVIEW
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909449/association-between-dsm-iv-anxiety-disorders-and-suicidal-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-south-korean-adults
#20
Seong-Jin Cho, Jin Pyo Hong, Jun-Young Lee, Jeong Soo Im, Kyoung-Sae Na, Jee Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho
OBJECTIVE: There are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. METHODS: In-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted to diagnose mental disorders. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether anxiety disorders were associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
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