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hscrp and metabolic syndrome

Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
Hye Jin Yoo, Soon Young Hwang, Ju-Hee Choi, Hyun Jung Lee, Hye Soo Chung, Ji-A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Sei Hyun Baik, Dong Seop Choi, Kyung Mook Choi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2), a recently discovered hepatokine, is associated with the inflammatory response and insulin resistance. We examined circulating plasma LECT2 levels in the subjects with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We analyzed plasma LECT2 levels from the subjects of age- and sex-matched 320 adults with or without NAFLD who completed a health check-up at the Health Promotion Center of Korea University Guro Hospital...
2017: PloS One
Rajesh Vijayvergiya, Divya Kapoor, Ajay Aggarwal, Sonal Sangwan, Vanita Suri, Veena Dhawan
Premenopausal women are known to have less heart disease than their menopausal counterparts and men. However, there is a rising prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in premenopausal females, which necessitates determination of risk factors that negate the effects of hormonal protection. There are few studies describing the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors in premenopausal women with CAD. Thus, our objective was to explore the prevalence of traditional and emerging risk factors and features of coronary lesions in premenopausal women with CAD in an Indian population...
March 23, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Roma Pahwa, Beverley Adams-Huet, Ishwarlal Jialal
The effect of BMI defined obesity on cardio-metabolic features and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with nascent metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is poorly defined. Hence the aim of this study was to examine the effect of increasing obesity on the cardio metabolic risk profile, pro-oxidant state and pro-inflammatory features in nascent MetS patients without Diabetes or CVD. MetS was diagnosed by ATPIII criteria using waist circumference (WC) as the measure of adiposity. Patients (n=58) were stratified into overweight, obese and extreme obesity groups using BMI cut offs of 25-29...
May 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Arthur M Lee, Matthew J Gurka, Mark D DeBoer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in childhood is a significant risk factor for later cardiovascular disease (CVD). Recent data showed temporal decreases in a sex- and race/ethnicity-specific MetS severity z-score among U.S. adolescents. Our goal was to characterize the relationship of this MetS z-score with other CVD risk indicators and assess their temporal trends and lifestyle influences. METHODS: We analyzed 4837 participants aged 12-20years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey by 2-year waves from 1999 to 2012...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Jinkwan Kim, Dae Wui Yoon, Seung Ku Lee, Seunggwan Lee, Kyung-Mee Choi, Thomas J Robert, Chol Shin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to multiple end-organ morbidities that are mediated by the cumulative burden of oxidative stress and inflammation. Both OSA and inflammation play key roles in increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Thus, we hypothesized that the combination of inflammation and OSA could accelerate the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a large cohort study.A total of 1835 participants were randomly selected from the ongoing Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study for the years between 2007 and 2015...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Harry Robberecht, Tess De Bruyne, Nina Hermans
The impact of the normal whole diet in different countries and of special types of diet on the biomarkers of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is reviewed. Diet type, specification, risk of MetS and studied biomarkers, as far as could be traced, are included. Critical points in published studies are mentioned. Description of the traditional dietary patterns for the various countries is not always well-defined and numbers of persons in the studied population are sometimes quite limited, which hamper drawing definite conclusions...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
S Korkmaz, H Korkmaz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of changes in gene expression of apoptosis activators (BAX, cytocrome-c [cyt-c], and caspase-3) and apoptosis inhibitors (BCL2, survivin, cyclin D1 [CCND1], SOD, catalase 3 [CAT], glutathione synthetase [GS], heat shock protein [HSP]27, HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90) on the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with psoriasis vulgarins. METHODS: Fifty patients with psoriasis were enrolled in the study, 25 of whom had MetS...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
H Gurel, H Genc, G Celebi, E Sertoglu, A F Cicek, H Kayadibi, C N Ercin, T Dogru
OBJECTIVE: Pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) is an acute-phase protein belonging to the PTX family. It has been reported that PTX-3 is significantly associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is strongly associated with atherosclerosis and CVD. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship of PTX-3 with circulating markers of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis in patients with NAFLD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD and seventy healthy controls were enrolled in the study...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Ramona Stroescu, Teofana Bizerea, Gabriela Doroş, Monica Marazan, Maria Lesovici, Otilia Mãrginean
Objective: To investigate the relationship between markers of adiposity and common carotid artery (CIMT) in obese children born small for gestational age (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA), to establish cut-off values for CIMT in obese pediatric populations. Subjects and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out over a 1-year period (Jul 2013 - June 2014). We analyzed 122 obese patients aged 4-20 (mean age 14.9 ± 2.28). Twenty-six patients were born SGA...
January 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Anna Polus, Barbara Zapala, Urszula Razny, Anna Gielicz, Beata Kiec-Wilk, Malgorzata Malczewska-Malec, Marek Sanak, Caroline E Childs, Philip C Calder, Aldona Dembinska-Kiec
The n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may reduce low-grade inflammation associated with obesity. The relationship between therapeutic response to n-3 PUFAs and modification of the transcriptome in obesity or metabolic syndrome remains to be explored. Blood samples were obtained from women with obesity before and after three-months supplementation with a moderate dose of n-3 PUFAs (1.8g EPA+DHA per day) or from controls. n-3 PUFAs (GC) and plasma concentrations of lipoxins, resolvins, protectin X (GC-MS/MS) and inflammatory markers (ELISA) were measured...
November 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Rumyana Dimova, Tsvetalina Tankova, Georgi Kirilov, Nevena Chakarova, Lilia Dakovska, Greta Grozeva
BACKGROUND: This study aims to assess serum vaspin in early stages of glucose intolerance and in the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS); and to evaluate vaspin correlation to different cardio-metabolic parameters and autonomic tone in these subjects. METHODS: 185 subjects (80 males and 105 females) of mean age 45.8 ± 11.6 years and mean BMI 31.2 ± 6.3 kg/m(2), divided into groups according to: glucose tolerance, presence of MetS and cardio-vascular autonomic dysfunction (CAD), were enrolled...
2016: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Juma Alkaabi, Salah Gariballa, Charu Sharma, Javed Yasin, Awad Al Essa, Habiba Ali, Abdul-Kader Souid
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of abdominal obesity among women in UAE is exceptionally high. However, its impact on cardiovascular health has not been adequately investigated. The aims of this study were to investigate: (1) correlations between inflammatory and oxidative biomarkers vs. anthropometric and metabolic measures; (2) rates of dyslipidemia, diabetes, and hypertension and (3) risks of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: One hundred ten "healthy" overweight/obese Emirati women attending nutrition counselling clinics were randomly recruited...
July 20, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Sandra Maria Barbalho, Marcelo Dib Bechara, Ricardo José Tofano, Karina Quesada, Claudemir Gregório Mendes, Marie Oshiiwa
BACKGROUND: The Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is characterized by a set of risk factors, which causes metabolic and inflammatory changes that increase vascular risk and may promote the development of atherosclerosis. Changes in lifestyle are related to obesity and associated diseases such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, MS and cardiovascular disease (CVD). AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship of MS components and high sensitivity C Reactive Protein (hsCRP) in patients undergoing arteriography...
April 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Chrysanthi Papanastasopoulou, Maria Papastamataki, Petros Karampatsis, Eleni Anagnostopoulou, Ioannis Papassotiriou, Nikolaos Sitaras
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) has been found to be an important trigger of atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigate the possible association of serum HA with cardiovascular disease risk in a population of low/intermediate risk for cardiovascular events. METHODS: We enrolled 200 subjects with low/intermediate risk for developing cardiovascular disease. High specific C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was used as an indicator of preclinical atherosclerosis. The Framingham score was used to calculate the cardiovascular risk...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Radana Gurecká, Ivana Koborová, Melinda Csongová, Jozef Šebek, Katarína Šebeková
In non-diabetics, low levels of soluble receptor for advanced glycations end products (sRAGE) associate with an increased risk of development of diabetes, cardiovascular afflictions, or death. The majority of studies in non-diabetics report an inverse relationship between measures of obesity, cardiometabolic risk factors and sRAGE and/or endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) levels. To elucidate whether this inconsistency is related to the metabolically healthy obese phenotype, or a different impact of the risk factors in presence and absence of obesity, we analyzed data from 2206 apparently healthy adolescents (51 % girls) aged 15-to-19 years...
August 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
Juliane Menzel, Romina di Giuseppe, Ronald Biemann, Clemens Wittenbecher, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Tobias Pischon, Andreas Fritsche, Matthias B Schulze, Heiner Boeing, Berend Isermann, Cornelia Weikert
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The recently identified adipokine omentin-1 is inversely associated with body fatness, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in cross-sectional analyses. However, prospective data on the association between plasma omentin-1 levels and future risk of CVD are lacking. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between omentin-1 and incident myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam cohort comprising a subsample of 2084 participants, including 50 CVD cases and 350 external incident CVD cases (mean follow-up of 8...
August 2016: Atherosclerosis
Eke G Gruppen, Margery A Connelly, Robin P F Dullaart
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a cardiovascular risk marker, which is in part complexed to low-density lipoproteins, where it exerts pro-inflammatory properties. GlycA is a pro-inflammatory proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy biomarker whose signal originates from a subset of N-acetylglucosamine residues on the most abundant glycosylated acute-phase proteins. OBJECTIVE: We compared plasma GlycA and Lp-PLA2 mass between subjects without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and subjects with T2DM and/or MetS...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Israt Ara Hossain, Salima Akter, Farjana Rahman Bhuiyan, Mijanur Rahman Shah, Mohammad Khalilur Rahman, Liaquat Ali
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic disease commonly associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and inflammation-all features of insulin resistant syndrome. However, very limited data are available regarding the association of subclinical inflammation and insulin resistance with NAFLD in a prediabetic state. We, therefore, conducted the study to assess this relationship among this population. METHODS: We studied a cross-sectional analytical design of 140 [male/female, 77/63; age in years (ranges), 45 (25-68)] prediabetic subjects after confirming with 75 g oral glucose tolerance test...
May 11, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Segundo Á Gómez-Abril, Carlos Morillas-Ariño, Jose L Ponce-Marco, Teresa Torres-Sánchez, Fernando Delgado-Gomis, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Milagros Rocha
BACKGROUND: The C3 complement component (C3c) is increasingly recognized as a cardiometabolic risk factor, but how it is affected after weight loss through gastric bypass is a question yet to be answered. METHODS: A total of 66 obese patients underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass. Anthropometric parameters, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc), glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, liver enzymes, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and C3c levels were evaluated at baseline and at 1 and 5 years post-surgery...
May 3, 2016: Obesity Surgery
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