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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291643/successful-treatment-of-pituitary-carcinoma-with-concurrent-radiation-temozolomide-and-bevacizumab-after-resection
#1
Waseem Touma, Spencer Hoostal, Richard A Peterson, Andres Wiernik, Karen S SantaCruz, Emil Lou
The optimal treatment of pituitary carcinomas (PC) is unknown. Treatment includes surgical resection, radiation, and more recently, temozolomide (TMZ). Pituitary adenomas have relatively high expression of vascular endothelial growth factor; therefore, bevacizumab, an antiangiogenic agent, has been used in a small number of aggressive or malignant pituitary tumors after recurrence. However, it has not been administered concurrently with other chemotherapeutic agents or combined with radiation therapy in PC...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279778/readmission-and-other-adverse-events-after-transsphenoidal-surgery-prevalence-timing-and-predictive-factors
#2
David J Cote, Hormuz H Dasenbrock, Ivo S Muskens, Marike Ld Broekman, Hasan A Zaidi, Ian F Dunn, Timothy R Smith, Edward R Laws
BACKGROUND: Transsphenoidal surgery is a common neurosurgical procedure for accessing the pituitary and anterior skull base, yet few multicenter analyses have evaluated outcomes after this procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Patients undergoing transsphenoidal surgery from 2006 to 2015 were extracted from the ACS NSQIP database. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of thirty-day complications. RESULTS: Of 1240 patients included in this analysis; 6...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222414/urinary-steroid-metabolites-in-a-case-of-florid-ectopic-cushing-s-syndrome-and-clinical-correlations
#3
Angelos Kyriacou, Karolina M Stepien, Basil Issa
A 51-year old woman was admitted with multiple cerebral, pulmonary and intra-abdominal abscesses. The combination of apparent immunosuppression, obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypokalaemia, osteoporotic fractures and bilateral shoulder avascular necrosis led to a clinical diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome (CS). This was biochemically confirmed as follows: midnight serum cortisol 4275 nmol/L (60-250), non-suppressed overnight dexamethasone suppression test, raised salivary cortisol 716 nmol/L (5-46) and ACTH 639 ng/L (0-46)...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219060/steady-state-therapy-with-azithromycin-or-low-dose-prednisolone-in-paediatric-cystic-fibrosis-patients-inflammatory-markers-and-disease-progression
#4
Galina Shmarina, Alexander Pukhalsky, Lucine Avakian, Sergey Semykin, Daria Pukhalskaya, Vladimir Alioshkin
BACKGROUND: Anti-inflammatory therapy is a logical approach to slowing the inevitable lung function deterioration in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. This study's aim was to evaluate inflammatory markers and disease progression in paediatric CF patients chronically treated with azithromycin or low-dose prednisolone. METHODS: The study included 204 patients with CF and 100 healthy controls; 102 CF patients were treated with basic therapy only (without anti-inflammatory treatment; WAT), and 102 individuals received basic therapy along with azithromycin (n = 59) or low-dose prednisolone (n = 43)...
2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160246/hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism-in-males-with-glycogen-storage-disease-type-1
#5
Evelyn M Wong, Anna Lehman, Philip Acott, Jane Gillis, Daniel L Metzger, Sandra Sirrs
BACKGROUND: Glycogen storage disease type 1 is an autosomal recessive disorder with an incidence of 1 in 100,000. Long-term complications include chronic blood glucose lability, lactic academia, short stature, osteoporosis, delayed puberty, gout, progressive renal insufficiency, systemic or pulmonary hypertension, hepatic adenomas at risk for malignant transformation, anemia, vitamin D deficiency, hyperuricemic nephrocalcinosis, inflammatory bowel syndrome (type 1b), hypertriglyceridemia, and irregular menstrual cycles...
February 4, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057851/corticotropin-releasing-hormone-improves-survival-in-pneumococcal-pneumonia-by-reducing-pulmonary-inflammation
#6
Brittney Burnley, Harlan P Jones
The use of glucocorticoids to reduce inflammatory responses is largely based on the knowledge of the physiological action of the endogenous glucocorticoid, cortisol. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a neuropeptide released from the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis of the central nervous system. This hormone serves as an important mediator of adaptive physiological responses to stress. In addition to its role in inducing downstream cortisol release that in turn regulates immune suppression, CRH has also been found to mediate inflammatory responses in peripheral tissues...
January 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008629/lower-airway-disease-and-pituitary-surgery-is-there-an-association-with-postoperative-cerebrospinal-fluid-leak
#7
Curtis Hanba, Peter F Svider, Jeffrey T Jacob, Murali Guthikonda, James K Liu, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To explore the relationship between lower airway disease and postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea among patients undergoing pituitary surgery STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's 2013 National Inpatient Sample was conducted to characterize the hospital stay and surgical outcomes of patients undergoing pituitary surgery. Patients with lower airway disease (including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) were compared to a disease-free population identifying demographics and complications over-represented in the lower airway group...
December 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918163/-the-role-of-trefoil-factor-family-in-gynecological-disease
#8
D Neubert, R Pilka, D Stejskal, G Krejčí
AIM: Trefoil peptides are a family of small proteins that are expressed in a site-specific fashion by certain epithelial tissues. These peptides appear to be important in mucosal healing processes, in neoplastic disease and in human reproduction. DESIGN: Literature review. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospital, Medical Faculty, Palacký University, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Department of Laboratory Biochemistry, Central Moravian Hospital Trust, Member of Agel holding, Prostějov...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645693/-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-in-the-management-of-adult-multisystem-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#9
Julie Obert, Laetitia Vercellino, Axel Van Der Gucht, Constance de Margerie-Mellon, Emmanuelle Bugnet, Sylvie Chevret, Gwenaël Lorillon, Abdellatif Tazi
PURPOSE: The standard evaluation of multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) includes a clinical evaluation, laboratory tests and a skeleton/skull X-ray survey, with chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the case of pulmonary involvement. Preliminary reports suggest that (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET-CT) may be useful for evaluating patients with LCH. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive adult patients with multisystem LCH were included in this retrospective study, and were evaluated using standard procedures and (18)F-FDG PET-CT...
April 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627097/-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-manifested-as-diabetes-insipidus
#10
Ondřej Pátek, Miroslava Horáčková, Lenka Vítová, Rudolf Horváth, Jaromír Háček, Otto Schück
UNLABELLED: The case report shows a surprising presentation of pulmonary granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) through symptoms of diabetes insipidus (DI) with granulomatous infiltration of the pituitary gland. The pituitary hormonal dysfunction as a result of granulomatosis of the pituitary gland is rare. Several studies have demonstrated that the incidence of the pituitary dysfunction reaches approx. 1 % of the patients with GPA. However it is mostly presented in patients with the disease already diagnosed...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465535/ghrelin-and-the-cardiovascular-system
#11
REVIEW
Brian M Lilleness, William H Frishman
Ghrelin is a small peptide released primarily from the stomach. It is a potent stimulator of growth hormone secretion from the pituitary gland and is well known for its regulation of metabolism and appetite. There is also a strong relationship between ghrelin and the cardiovascular system. Ghrelin receptors are present throughout the heart and vasculature and have been linked with molecular pathways, including, but not limited to, the regulation of intracellular calcium concentration, inhibition of proapoptotic cascades, and protection against oxidative damage...
November 2016: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445532/pulmonary-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-and-diabetes-insipidus-in-a-young-smoker
#12
K Earlam, C A Souza, R Glikstein, M M Gomes, S Pakhalé
Langerhans cell histiocytosis is characterized by the abnormal nodular proliferation of histiocytes in various organ systems. Pulmonary involvement seen in young adults is nearly always seen in the context of past or current cigarette smoking. Although it tends to be a single-system disease, extrapulmonary manifestations involving the skin, bone, and hypothalamic-pituitary-axis are possible. High resolution CT (HRCT) of the thorax findings includes centrilobular nodules and cysts that are bizarre in shape, variable in size, and thin-walled...
2016: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349224/acromegaly-in-a-patient-with-a-pulmonary-neuroendocrine-tumor-case-report-and-review-of-current-literature
#13
REVIEW
Sebastian Krug, Michael Boch, Peter Rexin, Andreas Pfestroff, Thomas Gress, Patrick Michl, Anja Rinke
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary neuroendocrine tumors (NET) form a heterogeneous group of rare diseases. In these tumors, paraneoplastic syndromes have been described to drive the course of the disease, among them acromegaly induced by paraneoplastic secretion of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 43 years old patient initially diagnosed with acromegaly accompanied by weight gain and acral enlargement. Subsequently, further diagnostic work-up identified a solitary pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor (NET)...
June 27, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347116/removal-of-craniopharyngioma-via-fronto-basal-interhemispheric-approach
#14
Hongshun Xing, Hongbo Xing, Peiquan Hui, Bin Yang
The effectiveness and safety of fronto-basal interhemispheric approach in treating craniopharyngioma were evaluated. In this retrospective study, the safety and effectiveness of fronto-basal interhemispheric approach for surgical resection of craniopharyngioma in 20 patients was analyzed. Of the 20 patients, 12 were men and 8 were women, aged 15-65 years, with an average age of 42.5 years. The course of disease ranged from 1 to 36 months. The craniopharyngioma tumor was completely removed through surgical resection in 18 patients (90%) and partially removed in 2 patients...
July 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320934/clinical-utility-of-the-liposteroid-therapy-potential-effects-on-the-macrophage-activation
#15
Hiroyuki Wakiguchi, Shouichi Ohga
  Liposteroid, a lipid emulsion containing dexamethasone, was developed in Japan. This drug is effective against rheumatoid arthritis, and has fewer side effects than dexamethasone. Moreover, at high dosage, liposteroid has been effectively used for the treatment of macrophage activation syndrome, because the lipid emulsions are easily taken up by phagocytes, and are retained in macrophages. Its anti-inflammatory effect was found to be 2-5 times higher than that of dexamethasone in arthritis and granuloma rat models...
2016: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271953/the-contribution-of-undiagnosed-adrenal-insufficiency-to-euvolaemic-hyponatraemia-results-of-a-large-prospective-single-centre-study
#16
Martín Cuesta, Aoife Garrahy, David Slattery, Saket Gupta, Anne Marie Hannon, Hannah Forde, Karen McGurren, Mark Sherlock, William Tormey, Christopher J Thompson
OBJECTIVE: The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) is the commonest cause of hyponatraemia. Data on SIAD are mainly derived from retrospective studies, often with poor ascertainment of the minimum criteria for the correct diagnosis. Reliable data on the incidence of adrenal failure in SIAD are therefore unavailable. The aim of the study was to describe the aetiology of SIAD and in particular to define the prevalence of undiagnosed adrenal insufficiency. DESIGN: Prospective, single centre, noninterventional, observational study of patients admitted to Beaumont Hospital with euvolaemic hyponatraemia (plasma sodium ≤ 130 mmol/l) between January 1st and October 1st 2015...
December 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234864/-treatment-methods-of-atypical-gunshot-wounds-to-the-head-case-reports
#17
Paweł Mielniczek, Grzegorz Zieliński, Andrzej Koziarski
Due to a high mortality rate, headshot injuries pose serious diagnostic and clinical problems. In this work, we wanted to describe four atypical headshot injuries. The first patient with a headshot injury using a nail gun mishap; the second one after a headshot injury, as a result of attempted murder (the bullet came to a parasagittal halt in the left parietal area); the third victim, after a suicide attempt (the bullet was removed from clivus area, below the pituitary gland); in the case of the fourth patient, after shooting himself with a self-constructed weapon in the chin, the metal body was surgically removed - a bearing pellet from the corpus callosum...
May 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200139/an-acute-adrenal-insufficiency-revealing-pituitary-metastases-of-lung-cancer-in-an-elderly-patient
#18
Hela Marmouch, Sondes Arfa, Saoussen Cheikh Mohamed, Tensim Slim, Ines Khochtali
Metastases of solid tumors to the pituitary gland are often asymptomatic or appereas as with diabetes insipid us. Pituitary metastases more commonly affect the posterior lobe and the infundibulum than the anterior lobe. The presentation with an acute adrenal insufficiency is a rare event. A 69-year-old men presented with vomiting, low blood pressure and hypoglycemia. Hormonal exploration confirmed a hypopituitarism. Appropriate therapy was initiated urgently. The hypothalamic-pituitary MRI showed a pituitary hypertrophy, a nodular thickening of the pituitary stalk...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166979/stretching-the-stress-boundary-linking-air-pollution-health-effects-to-a-neurohormonal-stress-response
#19
Urmila P Kodavanti
Inhaled pollutants produce effects in virtually all organ systems in our body and have been linked to chronic diseases including hypertension, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's and diabetes. A neurohormonal stress response (referred to here as a systemic response produced by activation of the sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis) has been implicated in a variety of psychological and physical stresses, which involves immune and metabolic homeostatic mechanisms affecting all organs in the body...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27062920/case-control-study-of-patients-at-risk-of-medical-complications-after-elective-craniotomy
#20
Judith Anthofer, Megan Wester, Florian Zeman, Alexander Brawanski, Karl-Michael Schebesch
OBJECTIVE: Medical complications severely impair recovery of neurosurgical patients after craniotomy. The purpose of this study was to identify patients at risk of peri- and postoperative medical complications. Therefore, we present a large population of patients with different medical complications after elective craniotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively screened all patients who had been consecutively treated at our department between June 2009 and June 2014. Patients with any postoperative thromboembolic complication or pulmonary or systemic infection were compared with a control group without any medical complication...
July 2016: World Neurosurgery
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