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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715460/early-infant-diagnosis-of-hiv-1-infection-in-luanda-angola-using-a-new-dna-pcr-assay-and-dried-blood-spots
#1
Francisco Martin, Claudia Palladino, Rita Mateus, Anna Bolzan, Perpétua Gomes, José Brito, Ana Patrícia Carvalho, Yolanda Cardoso, Cristovão Domingos, Vanda Sofia Lôa Clemente, Nuno Taveira
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment reduces HIV-1-related mortality, morbidity and size of viral reservoirs in infants infected perinatally. Commercial molecular tests enable the early diagnosis of infection in infants but the high cost and low sensitivity with dried blood spots (DBS) limit their use in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a sensitive and cheap qualitative proviral DNA PCR-based assay for early infant diagnosis (EID) in HIV-1-exposed infants using DBS samples...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704560/performance-characteristics-of-finger-stick-dried-blood-spots-dbs-on-the-determination-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-treatment-failure-in-a-pediatric-population-in-mozambique
#2
Joy Chang, Amina de Sousa, Jennifer Sabatier, Mariamo Assane, Guoqing Zhang, Dulce Bila, Paula Vaz, Charity Alfredo, Loide Cossa, Nilesh Bhatt, Emilia H Koumans, Chunfu Yang, Emilia Rivadeneira, Ilesh Jani, James C Houston
Quantitative plasma viral load (VL) at 1000 copies /mL was recommended as the threshold to confirm antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure by the World Health Organization (WHO). Because of ongoing challenges of using plasma for VL testing in resource-limited settings (RLS), especially for children, this study collected 717 DBS and paired plasma samples from children receiving ART ≥1 year in Mozambique and compared the performance of DBS using Abbott's VL test with a paired plasma sample using Roche's VL test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629849/analysis-of-archived-newborn-dried-blood-spots-dbs-identifies-congenital-cytomegalovirus-as-a-major-cause-of-unexplained-pediatric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#3
Lucy Meyer, Bazak Sharon, Tina C Huang, Abby C Meyer, Kristin E Gravel, Lisa A Schimmenti, Elizabeth C Swanson, Hannah E Herd, Nelmary Hernandez-Alvarado, Kirsten R Coverstone, Mark McCann, Mark R Schleiss
PURPOSE: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the most common non-genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). However, accurate diagnosis of cCMV as the etiology of SNHL is problematic beyond the neonatal period. This study therefore examined whether cCMV infection could be identified retrospectively in children presenting with unexplained SNHL to a multidisciplinary diagnostic outpatient otolaryngology clinic at an academic medical center in Minnesota. METHODS: Over a 4-year period, 57 patients with an age range of 3months to 10years with unexplained SNHL were recruited to participate in this study...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622370/evaluation-of-the-performance-of-abbott-m2000-and-roche-cobas-ampliprep-cobas-taqman-assays-for-hiv-1-viral-load-determination-using-dried-blood-spots-and-dried-plasma-spots-in-kenya
#4
Clement Zeh, Kenneth Ndiege, Seth Inzaule, Rebecca Achieng, John Williamson, Joy Chih-Wei Chang, Dennis Ellenberger, John Nkengasong
BACKGROUND: Routine HIV viral load testing is not widely accessible in most resource-limited settings, including Kenya. To increase access to viral load testing, alternative sample types like dried blood spots (DBS), which overcome the logistic barriers associated with plasma separation and cold chain shipment need to be considered and evaluated. The current study evaluated matched dried blood spots (DBS) and dried plasma spots (DPS) against plasma using the Abbott M 2000 (Abbott) and Roche Cobas Ampliprep/Cobas TaqMan (CAP/CTM) quantitative viral load assays in western Kenya...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576449/evaluation-of-the-cobas-%C3%A2-ampliprep-cobas-%C3%A2-taqman-%C3%A2-hcv-test-v2-0-for-hcv-viral-load-monitoring-using-dried-blood-spot-specimens
#5
Ed G Marins, Keerthi Bodinaidu, Matthew Lin, Alison Deforest
This study evaluated the use of dried blood spot (DBS) for HCV viral load quantification using the COBAS(®) AmpliPrep/COBAS(®) Taqman(®) HCV Quantitative Test v2.0 (CAP/CTM HCV v2), and compared two different procedures for preparation of DBS samples with a Specimen Pre-Extraction (SPEX) reagent (either heated [SPEX with SH] for 10min at 56°C on a thermomixer, or incubated for 1h at room temperature [SPEX at RT]) against the standard plasma input. Whole blood specimens from 48 patients with chronic HCV infection and Whatman(®) 903 Protein Saver Cards were used to prepare 35μL DBS...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531553/hiv-1-viral-load-measurement-in-venous-blood-and-fingerprick-blood-using-abbott-realtime-hiv-1-dbs-assay
#6
Ning Tang, Vihanga Pahalawatta, Andrea Frank, Zowie Bagley, Raquel Viana, John Lampinen, Gregor Leckie, Shihai Huang, Klara Abravaya, Carole L Wallis
BACKGROUND: HIV RNA suppression is a key indicator for monitoring success of antiretroviral therapy. From a logistical perspective, viral load (VL) testing using Dried Blood Spots (DBS) is a promising alternative to plasma based VL testing in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the analytical and clinical performance of the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assay using a fully automated one-spot DBS sample protocol. STUDY DESIGN: Limit of detection (LOD), linearity, lower limit of quantitation (LLQ), upper limit of quantitation (ULQ), and precision were determined using serial dilutions of HIV-1 Virology Quality Assurance stock (VQA Rush University), or HIV-1-containing armored RNA, made in venous blood...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468852/a-simple-phosphate-buffered-saline-based-extraction-method-improves-specificity-of-hiv-viral-load-monitoring-using-dried-blood-spots
#7
A Tariro Makadzange, F Kathryn Boyd, Benjamin Chimukangara, Collen Masimirembwa, David Katzenstein, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu
Although Roche COBAS Ampliprep/COBAS TaqMan (CAP/CTM) systems are widely used in sub-Saharan Africa for early infant diagnosis of HIV from dried blood spots (DBS), viral load monitoring with this system is not practical due to nonspecific extraction of both cell-free and cell-associated viral nucleic acids. A simplified DBS extraction technique for cell-free virus elution using phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) may provide an alternative analyte for lower-cost quantitative HIV virus load (VL) testing to monitor antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237380/newborn-dried-blood-spot-polymerase-chain-reaction-to-identify-infants-with-congenital-cytomegalovirus-associated-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#8
Shannon A Ross, Amina Ahmed, April L Palmer, Marian G Michaels, Pablo J Sánchez, Audra Stewart, David I Bernstein, Kristina Feja, Karen B Fowler, Suresh B Boppana
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of dried blood spot (DBS) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in identifying infants with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection-associated sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). STUDY DESIGN: Newborns at 7 US hospitals between March 2007 and March 2012 were screened for CMV by saliva rapid culture and/or PCR. Infected infants were monitored for SNHL during the first 4 years of life to determine sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios of DBS PCR for identifying CMV-associated SNHL...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165155/performance-of-anti-hcv-testing-in-dried-blood-spots-and-saliva-according-to-hiv-status
#9
Geane Lopes Flores, Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Alves Marques, Cristiane Alves Villela-Nogueira, Denise Vigo Potsch, Silvia Beatriz May, Carlos Eduardo Brandão-Mello, Marcia Maria Amendola Pires, Jose Henrique Pilotto, Priscila Pollo-Flores, Eliane Bordalo Cathalá Esberard, Claudia Ivantes, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez, Elisabeth Lampe, Livia Melo Villar
The use of saliva and dried blood spots (DBS) could increase access to HCV diagnosis for high-risk populations, such as HIV-infected individuals, but the performance of these assays has not been well established in this group. This study aims to evaluate HIV status, particularly TCD4(+) cell count and viral load, in the performance of anti-HCV testing using DBS and saliva. A total of 961 individuals classified as HCV+, HIV+, or HIV/HCV+, as well as negative controls, donated serum, DBS, and saliva samples for anti-HCV testing using a commercial enzyme immunoassay...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002185/field-evaluation-of-dried-blood-spots-for-hiv-1-viral-load-monitoring-in-adults-and-children-receiving-antiretroviral-treatment-in-kenya-implications-for-scale-up-in-resource-limited-settings
#10
Mary E Schmitz, Simon Agolory, Muthoni Junghae, Laura N Broyles, Muthusi Kimeu, Joseph Ombayo, Mamo Umuro, Irene Mukui, Kennedy Alwenya, Moses Baraza, Kenneth Ndiege, Samuel Mwalili, Emilia Rivadeneira, Lucy Ngʼangʼa, Chunfu Yang, Clement Zeh
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends viral load (VL) as the preferred method for diagnosing antiretroviral therapy failure; however, operational challenges have hampered the implementation of VL monitoring in most resource-limited settings. This study evaluated the accuracy of dried blood spot (DBS) VL testing under field conditions as a practical alternative to plasma in determining virologic failure (VF). METHODS: From May to December 2013, paired plasma and DBS specimens were collected from 416 adults and 377 children on antiretroviral therapy for ≥6 months at 12 clinics in Kenya...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992495/options-to-expand-hiv-viral-load-testing-in-south-africa-evaluation-of-the-genexpert%C3%A2-hiv-1-viral-load-assay
#11
Natasha Gous, Lesley Scott, Leigh Berrie, Wendy Stevens
BACKGROUND: Expansion of HIV viral load (VL) testing services are required to meet increased targets for monitoring patients on antiretroviral treatment. South Africa currently tests >4million VLs per annum in 16 highly centralised, automated high-throughput laboratories. The Xpert HIV-1 VL assay (Cepheid) was evaluated against in-country predicates, the Roche Cobas Taqmanv2 and Abbott HIV-1RT, to investigate options for expanding VL testing using GeneXpert's random access, polyvalent capabilities and already established footprint in South Africa with the Xpert MTB/RIF assay (207 sites)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902602/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-dried-blood-spots-for-hiv-1-viral-load-quantification-a-laboratory-assessment-of-3-commercial-assays
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Pieter Pannus, Maarten Claus, Maria Mercedes Perez Gonzalez, Nathan Ford, Katrien Fransen
The use of dried blood spots (DBS) instead of plasma as a specimen type for HIV-1 viral load (VL) testing facilitates the decentralization of specimen collection and can increase access to VL testing in resource-limited settings. The performance of DBS for VL testing is lower, however, when compared to the gold standard sample type plasma. In this diagnostic accuracy study, we evaluated 3 VL assays with DBS.Participants were recruited between August 2012 and April 2015. Both plasma and DBS specimens were prepared and tested for HIV-1 VL with the Roche CAP/CTM HIV-1 test v2...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820845/dry-blood-spots-a-reliable-method-for-measurement-of-hepatitis-b-viral-load-in-resource-limited-settings
#13
Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Nadeem Yaqoob, Joakim Overbo, Hanna Aberra, Hailemichael Desalegn, Nega Berhe, Asgeir Johannessen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) quantification is essential in the management of chronic hepatitis B, both to determine treatment eligibility and in the monitoring of treatment effect. This test, however, is rarely available in resource-limited settings due to high costs and stringent requirements for shipment and storage of plasma. Dried Blood Spots (DBS) can be a convenient alternative to plasma, but its use for HBV monitoring has not been investigated under real-life conditions in Africa...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704001/evaluation-of-two-techniques-for-viral-load-monitoring-using-dried-blood-spot-in-routine-practice-in-vietnam-french-national-agency-for-aids-and-hepatitis-research-12338
#14
Fabien Taieb, Tran Hong Tram, Hien Thi Ho, Van Anh Pham, Lan Nguyen, Ban Hien Pham, Linh An Tong, Edouard Tuaillon, Eric Delaporte, Anh Tuan Nguyen, Duc Duong Bui, NhanThi Do, Yoann Madec
Background.  Although it is the best method to detect early therapeutic failure, viral load (VL) monitoring is still not widely available in many resource-limited settings because of difficulties in specimen transfer, personnel shortage, and insufficient laboratory infrastructures. Dried blood spot (DBS) use, which was introduced in the latest World Health Organization recommendations, can overcome these difficulties. This evaluation aimed at validating VL measurement in DBS, in a laboratory without previous DBS experience and in routine testing conditions...
September 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497191/evaluation-of-dried-blood-spot-samples-for-hepatitis-c-virus-detection-and-quantification
#15
Brunna Lemos Crespo Marques, Márcia Paschoal do Espírito-Santo, Vanessa Alves Marques, Juliana Custódio Miguel, Elisangela Ferreira da Silva, Cristiane Alves Villela-Nogueira, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez, Elisabeth Lampe, Livia Melo Villar
BACKGROUND: Dried blood spots (DBS) could be an excellent alternative for HCV diagnosis, since it is less invasive and can be stored and transported without refrigeration. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to optimize quantitative and qualitative methods for HCV detection in DBS. STUDY DESIGN: DBS and serum samples were collected from 99 subjects (59 anti-HCV/HCV RNA positive and 40 seronegative samples). Seven extraction methods and different PCR parameters were evaluated in DBS samples in the quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) developed to amplify the 5' noncoding region of HCV...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439522/high-efficacy-of-first-line-art-in-a-west-african-cohort-assessed-by-dried-blood-spot-virological-and-pharmacological-measurements
#16
Pierre de Truchis, Minh Patrick Lê, Mamane Daou, Boubacar Madougou, Yacouba Nouhou, Sahada Moussa Saley, Achirou Sani, Eric Adehossi, Elisabeth Rouveix, Mamadou Saidou, Gilles Peytavin, Constance Delaugerre
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the rate of viral success in HIV-infected patients on first-line ART by the assessment of dried blood spot (DBS) viral load (VL) and to assess the performance of DBS sampling for VL measurement, genotypic resistance and antiretroviral concentration determinations. METHODS: HIV-infected patients treated for >1 year with first-line ART in Niamey, Niger were included. VL based on nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) assay (limit of quantification <800 copies/mL) was measured on DBS capillary samples...
November 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27082505/attrition-and-opportunities-along-the-hiv-care-continuum-findings-from-a-population-based-sample-north-west-province-south-africa
#17
Sheri A Lippman, Starley B Shade, Alison M El Ayadi, Jennifer M Gilvydis, Jessica S Grignon, Teri Liegler, Jessica Morris, Evasen Naidoo, Lisa M Prach, Adrian Puren, Scott Barnhart
BACKGROUND: Attrition along the HIV care continuum slows gains in mitigating the South African HIV epidemic. Understanding population-level gaps in HIV identification, linkage, retention in care, and viral suppression is critical to target programming. METHODS: We conducted a population-based household survey, HIV rapid testing, point-of-care CD4 testing, and viral load measurement from dried blood spots using multistage cluster sampling in 2 subdistricts of North West Province from January to March, 2014...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824465/clinical-evaluation-of-an-affordable-qualitative-viral-failure-assay-for-hiv-using-dried-blood-spots-in-uganda
#18
Sheila N Balinda, Pascale Ondoa, Ekwaro A Obuku, Aletta Kliphuis, Isaac Egau, Michelle Bronze, Lordwin Kasambula, Rob Schuurman, Nicole Spieker, Tobias F Rinke de Wit, Cissy Kityo
BACKGROUND: WHO recommends regular viral load (VL) monitoring of patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for timely detection of virological failure, prevention of acquired HIV drug resistance (HIVDR) and avoiding unnecessary switching to second-line ART. However, the cost and complexity of routine VL testing remains prohibitive in most resource limited settings (RLS). We evaluated a simple, low-cost, qualitative viral-failure assay (VFA) on dried blood spots (DBS) in three clinical settings in Uganda...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792161/measurement-of-viral-load-by-the-automated-abbott-real-time-hiv-1-assay-using-dried-blood-spots-collected-and-processed-in-malawi-and-mozambique
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Fulvio Erba, Davide Brambilla, Susanna Ceffa, Fausto Ciccacci, Richard Luhanga, Zita Sidumo, Leonardo Palombi, Sandro Mancinelli, Maria Cristina Marazzi, Mauro Andreotti, Marina Giuliano
BACKGROUND: The use of dried blood spots (DBS) for HIV-1 viral load quantification can greatly improve access to viral monitoring for HIV-infected patients receiving treatment in resource-limited settings. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and validate HIV viral load measurement from DBS in sub-Saharan Africa, with a reliable, all-automated, standard commercial assay such as the Abbott m2000. METHODS: A total of 277 DBS were collected in different health centres in Malawi and Mozambique and analysed for viral load determination using the Abbott m2000 assay with the corresponding plasma samples as gold standard...
December 2015: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26705258/usefulness-of-dried-blood-spots-dbs-to-perform-hepatitis-c-virus-genotyping-in-drug-users-in-senegal
#20
O Ndiaye, J Gozlan, H Diop-Ndiaye, A S Sall, S Chapelain, A Leprêtre, M Maynart, M Gueye, G Lo, M Thiam, I Ba, K Lacombe, P M Girard, S Mboup, C T Kane
The aim of this pilot study was to analyze the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) genotypes circulating in Senegal among Drug User (DUs), using Dried Blood Spots (DBS) as RNA source for molecular assays. Heroin and/or cocaine users (n = 506) were recruited in Dakar from April to July 2011, using a Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) method. DBS preparation consisted of five drops of whole blood from finger applied to a Whatman paper card. HCV infection was screened by the detection of anti-HCV antibodies, using a rapid immune-chromatographic test...
March 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
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