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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666139/last-year-of-life-study-cologne-lyol-c-protocol-for-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study-to-examine-care-trajectories-and-transitions-in-the-last-year-of-life-until-death
#1
Julia Strupp, Gloria Hanke, Nicolas Schippel, Holger Pfaff, Ute Karbach, Christian Rietz, Raymond Voltz
INTRODUCTION: The last year of life constitutes a particularly vulnerable phase for patients, involving nearly all health and social care structures. Yet, little scientific evidence is available that provides insight into the trajectories including the number and types of care setting transitions, transitions into palliative care and the dying phase. Only few studies have focused on difficulties associated with having to move between health and social care settings in the last year of life, although patients face a significant risk of adverse events...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662679/validation-of-living-donor-nephrectomy-codes
#2
Ngan N Lam, Krista L Lentine, Scott Klarenbach, Manish M Sood, Paul J Kuwornu, Kyla L Naylor, Gregory A Knoll, S Joseph Kim, Ann Young, Amit X Garg
Background: Use of administrative data for outcomes assessment in living kidney donors is increasing given the rarity of complications and challenges with loss to follow-up. Objective: To assess the validity of living donor nephrectomy in health care administrative databases compared with the reference standard of manual chart review. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: 5 major transplant centers in Ontario, Canada...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643711/dental-utilization-and-expenditures-by-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Kai-Chun Chang, Ling-Yi Wang, Jen-Hung Wang, Cheng-Kuang Shaw, Ming-Jay Hwang, Chih-Hao Wu, Huai-Kuan Huang
Objectives: It is understood that children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have difficulty in receiving dental treatment. This study explores the differences in dental utilization and expenditure between two groups: children and adolescents with and without ASD. Different conditions that affect these results will be examined, including area of residence, category of treatment, and preferences concerning type of dental institution in Taiwan. Materials and Methods: The health service research database of the National Health Research Institutes, which features population-based, randomly selected samples collected from 2001 to 2010, was utilized in this study...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623397/-health-service-research-in-ophthalmology
#4
EDITORIAL
A K Schuster, R P Finger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605057/first-nations-people-s-perspectives-on-barriers-and-supports-for-enhancing-hpv-vaccination-foundations-for-sustainable-community-driven-strategies
#5
R I Henderson, M Shea-Budgell, C Healy, A Letendre, L Bill, B Healy, R A Bednarczyk, K Mrklas, C Barnabe, J Guichon, N Bedingfield, S MacDonald, A Colquhoun, S Glaze, T Nash, C Bell, J Kellner, R Richardson, T Dixon, J Starlight, G Runner, G Nelson
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, Indigenous people have higher human papillomavirus (HPV) infection rates, lower screening rates for cervical cancer, and higher rates of invasive cancer, leading to worse cervical cancer-related outcomes than observed in non-Indigenous Canadian women. Lingering harms from European colonization drive these health inequities and create public health challenges. Policy guidance is needed to optimize HPV vaccination rates and, thereby, decrease the burden of HPV-related illness, including high-morbidity surgical procedures and chemo-radiotherapy...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601298/sepsis-as-a-model-for-improving-diagnosis
#6
REVIEW
Mark L Graber, Monika Patel, Stephen Claypool
Diagnostic safety could theoretically be improved by high-level interventions, such as improving clinical reasoning or eliminating system-related defects in care, or by focusing more specifically on a single problem or disease. In this review, we consider how the timely diagnosis of sepsis has evolved and improved as an example of the disease-focused approach. This progress has involved clarifying and revising the definitions of sepsis, efforts to raise awareness, faster and more reliable laboratory tests and a host of practice-level improvements based on health services research findings and recommendations...
March 28, 2018: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595424/success-strategies-for-linguistically-competent-healthcare-the-magic-bullets-and-cautionary-tales-of-the-active-offer-of-french-language-health-services-in-ontario
#7
Elina Farmanova, Louise Bouchard, Luc Bonneville
An active offer of French-language health services (FLHS) was introduced in several Canadian provinces to help create an environment that will anticipate the needs of Francophones in their community and will stimulate the demand for services in French. For the active offer to be implemented, changes in how health services are organized and managed at both organizational and system levels must be introduced. In this perspective paper, we identify several success strategies and potential pitfalls with regards to the implementation of the active offer of FLHS primarily at the level of healthcare organization...
January 2018: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569764/abstracts-of-papers-presented-at-the-health-services-research-and-pharmacy-practice-conference-12-13-april-2018-university-of-newcastle-uk
#8
Sarah Slight, Andrew Husband
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562924/correspondence-regarding-assefa-y-et-al-bmc-health-services-research-2011-11-1-81-and-2014-14-1-45-the-positive-deviance-approach-for-translating-evidence-into-practice-to-improve-patient-retention-in-hiv-care
#9
Yibeltal Assefa, Peter S Hill, Helmut Kloos, Gorik Ooms, Wim Van Damme
The purpose of this correspondence is to describe how the positive-deviance approach can be used to translate evidence into practice, based on successive studies conducted in Ethiopia. In earlier studies, it was identified that retention in antiretroviral treatment care was variable across health facilities; and, seeking compliance across facilities, a framework was developed based on the practices of those positive-deviant health facilities, where performance was noted to be markedly better. It was found that the positive deviance approach was effective in facilitating the transfer of innovative practices (using different mechanisms) from positive-deviant health facilities to negative-deviant health facilities...
March 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555196/invited-commentary-databases-for-surgical-health-services-research-clinformatics-data-mart
#10
EDITORIAL
Vidhya Gunaseelan, Brooke Kenney, Jay Soong-Jin Lee, Hsou Mei Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553364/the-future-of-research-on-alcohol-health-disparities-a-health-services-research-perspective
#11
Joseph E Glass, Emily C Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537697/hepatology-in-a-changing-health-care-landscape-a-call-for-health-services-research
#12
Lisa B VanWagner, Fasiha Kanwal
With the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) followed by the physician payment reform, there is an urgent need to better understand the complex relationships between structure (including incentives), processes, and outcomes of health care and, based on this understanding, identify interventions that can ensure delivery of high value care to patients with liver disease. As hepatologists, how do we systematically address these issues and ensure that we provide high-value care to our patients? These factors combine in the burgeoning field of health services research...
March 14, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534339/update-on-the-health-services-research-doctoral-core-competencies
#13
James F Burgess, Nir Menachemi, Matthew L Maciejewski
OBJECTIVE: To present revised core competencies for doctoral programs in health services research (HSR), modalities to deliver these competencies, and suggested methods for assessing mastery of these competencies. DATA SOURCES AND DATA COLLECTION: Core competencies were originally developed in 2005, updated (but unpublished) in 2008, modestly updated for a 2016 HSR workforce conference, and revised based on feedback from attendees. Additional feedback was obtained from doctoral program directors, employer/workforce experts and attendees of presentation on these competencies at the AcademyHealth's June 2017 Annual Research Meeting...
March 13, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534038/social-network-analysis-as-a-methodological-approach-to-explore-health-systems-a-case-study-exploring-support-among-senior-managers-executives-in-a-hospital-network
#14
Aoife De BrĂșn, Eilish McAuliffe
Health systems research recognizes the complexity of healthcare, and the interacting and interdependent nature of components of a health system. To better understand such systems, innovative methods are required to depict and analyze their structures. This paper describes social network analysis as a methodology to depict, diagnose, and evaluate health systems and networks therein. Social network analysis is a set of techniques to map, measure, and analyze social relationships between people, teams, and organizations...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524959/health-services-research-spending-and-healthcare-system-impact-comment-on-public-spending-on-health-service-and-policy-research-in-canada-the-united-kingdom-and-the-united-states-a-modest-proposal
#15
Morris L Barer, Stirling Bryan
The challenges associated with translating health services and policy research (HSPR) evidence into practice are many and long-standing. Indeed, those challenges have themselves spawned new areas of research, including knowledge translation and implementation science. These sub-disciplines have increased our understanding of the critical success factors associated with the uptake of research evidence into (system) practice. Engaging those for whom research evidence is likely to help solve implementation and/or policy problems, and ensuring that they are key partners throughout the research life-cycle, appear to us (based on current evidence) to be the most direct and effective paths to improved knowledge translation...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518168/psychological-consequences-of-child-trafficking-an-historical-cohort-study-of-trafficked-children-in-contact-with-secondary-mental-health-services
#16
Livia Ottisova, Patrick Smith, Hitesh Shetty, Daniel Stahl, Johnny Downs, Sian Oram
BACKGROUND: Child trafficking is the recruitment and movement of people aged younger than 18 for the purposes of exploitation. Research on the mental health of trafficked children is limited, and little is known about the use of mental health services by this group. This study aimed to investigate the mental health and service use characteristics of trafficked children in contact with mental health services in England. METHODS & FINDINGS: The study employed an historical cohort design...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514649/study-protocol-a-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-of-moral-reconation-therapy-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#17
Daniel M Blonigen, Michael A Cucciare, Christine Timko, Jennifer S Smith, Autumn Harnish, Lakiesha Kemp, Joel Rosenthal, David Smelson
BACKGROUND: Moral Reconation Therapy (MRT) is a cognitive-behavioral intervention aimed at reducing risk for criminal recidivism by restructuring antisocial attitudes and cognitions (i.e., "criminogenic thinking"). MRT has empirical support for reducing risk for criminal recidivism among civilian offenders. Recently, a version of MRT was developed for military veterans; however, no randomized controlled trials (RCT) have been conducted with the veteran-specific protocol, and the effectiveness and implementation potential of MRT outside of correctional settings has not been established...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512134/funding-the-training-of-future-health-services-researchers
#18
Vincent Mor, Paul Wallace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505103/interventions-for-eye-movement-disorders-due-to-acquired-brain-injury
#19
REVIEW
Fiona J Rowe, Kerry Hanna, Jennifer R Evans, Carmel P Noonan, Marta Garcia-Finana, Caroline S Dodridge, Claire Howard, Kathryn A Jarvis, Sonia L MacDiarmid, Tallat Maan, Lorraine North, Helen Rodgers
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury can cause eye movement disorders which may include: strabismus, gaze deficits and nystagmus, causing visual symptoms of double, blurred or 'juddery' vision and reading difficulties. A wide range of interventions exist that have potential to alleviate or ameliorate these symptoms. There is a need to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions and the timing of their implementation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of any intervention and determine the effect of timing of intervention in the treatment of strabismus, gaze deficits and nystagmus due to acquired brain injury...
March 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504870/measuring-patient-satisfaction-with-medical-services-using-social-media-generated-data
#20
Simon Geletta
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss the results of an effort to use social media generated data for measuring patient satisfaction with medical care services. Traditionally, scientifically designed patient satisfaction surveys are used to provide such measurements. The goal here is to evaluate the possibility of supplementing patient satisfaction surveys with social media generated patient satisfaction measurements such that the later can be used either as validation or replacement for the former...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
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