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"Health services research"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641357/-the-german-thorax-registry-implementation-of-an-established-tool-of-perioperative-health-care-research
#1
Jérôme Defosse, Mark Schieren, Torsten Loop, Cerstin Arndt, Rainer Röhrig, Erich Stoelben, Corinna Ludwig, Alexander Schleppers, Frank Wappler, Mark Gerbershagen, Alberto Lopez-Pastorini
The collection of clinical treatment data in registry databases is an important aspect of health services research. It allows for a critical evaluation of the safety, efficacy and cost-effectiveness of clinical treatment concepts in large patient populations. The findings of registry research represent real-world patients and treatment structures as they are not limited by strict inclusion criteria or unrealistic conditions as applied in prospective clinical trials. The implementation of the German Thorax Registry has enabled the collection and analysis of data on the interdisciplinary care (thoracic surgery, anaesthesiology, intensive care, pain management) of patients undergoing thoracic surgery...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633766/health-services-research-and-the-health-insurance-experiment
#2
EDITORIAL
D Scot Malay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620489/organizational-knowledge-and-capabilities-in-healthcare-deconstructing-and-integrating-diverse-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
Jenna M Evans, Adalsteinn Brown, G Ross Baker
Diverse concepts and bodies of work exist in the academic literature to guide research and practice on organizational knowledge and capabilities. However, these concepts have largely developed in parallel with minimal cross-fertilization, particularly in the healthcare domain. This contributes to confusion regarding conceptual boundaries and relationships, and to a lack of application of potentially useful evidence. The aim of this article is to assess three concepts associated with organizational knowledge content-intellectual capital, organizational core competencies, and dynamic capabilities-and to propose an agenda for future research...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615279/medicines-optimisation-assessment-tool-moat-a-prognostic-model-to-target-hospital-pharmacists-input-to-improve-patient-outcomes-protocol-for-an-observational-study
#4
Cathy Geeson, Li Wei, Bryony Dean Franklin
INTRODUCTION: Medicines optimisation is a key role for hospital pharmacists, but with ever-increasing demands on services there is a need to increase efficiency while maintaining patient safety. The aim of this study is to develop a prognostic model, the Medicines Optimisation Assessment Tool (MOAT), which can be used to target patients most in need of pharmacists' input while in hospital. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The MOAT will be developed following recommendations of the Prognosis Research Strategy partnership...
June 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608467/discourses-of-joint-commissioning
#5
Ailsa Cameron, Emer Brangan, John Gabbay, Jonathan H Klein, Catherine Pope, Lesley Wye
Increasing attention has focused on the role of joint commissioning in health and social care policy and practice in England. This paper provides an empirical examination of the three discourses of joint commissioning developed from an interpretative analysis of documents by Dickinson et al. (2013; BMC Health Services Research, 13) and applied to data from our study exploring the role of knowledge in commissioning in England. Based on interviews with 92 participants undertaken between 2011 and 2013, our analysis confirms that the three discourses of prevention or empowerment or efficiency are used by professionals from across health and social care organisations to frame their experiences of joint commissioning...
June 12, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601828/colorectal-cancer-with-synchronous-liver-limited-metastases-the-protocol-of-an-inception-cohort-study-cosmic
#6
Ajith K Siriwardena, Anthony K C Chan, Agnieszka M Ignatowicz, James M Mason
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the UK and an important cause of cancer-related death. In 20% of patients, there is metastasis to the liver or beyond at the time of diagnosis. The management of synchronous disease is complex. Conventional surgery removes the colorectal primary first, followed by chemotherapy, with resection of liver metastases as a final step. Advances in the availability and safety of liver surgery, anaesthesia and critical care have made two alternative options feasible...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595574/limitations-of-pulmonary-embolism-icd-10-codes-in-emergency-department-administrative-data-let-the-buyer-beware
#7
Kristin Burles, Grant Innes, Kevin Senior, Eddy Lang, Andrew McRae
BACKGROUND: Administrative data is a useful tool for research and quality improvement; however, validity of research findings based on these data depends on their reliability. Diagnoses assigned by physicians are subsequently converted by nosologists to ICD-10 codes (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision). Several groups have reported ICD-9 coding errors in inpatient data that have implications for research, quality improvement, and policymaking, but few have assessed ICD-10 code validity in ambulatory care databases...
June 8, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583953/health-equity
#8
(no author information available yet)
Health disparities-differences in health status, treatment, or outcomes-exist between racial and ethnic minorities; people with low socioeconomic status; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people; women; people with disabilities; and others, compared with majority populations. Improved insurance coverage and targeted efforts by health care systems have narrowed some disparities, but many gaps remain. There is a growing recognition that interventions outside the health care sector that address social determinants of health such as housing, employment, and education are also needed...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572429/an-architect-for-mental-health-an-appreciation-of-michele-tansella
#9
EDITORIAL
Graham Thornicroft
Michele Tansella, Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Verona, died in 2015. This editorial pays tribute to his contributions to scholarship in the field of psychiatric epidemiology and health service research, and to his highly effective efforts to improve mental healthcare, locally, nationally and internationally.
June 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570290/secondary-data-analysis-techniques-for-comparing-interventions-and-their-limitations
#10
Alexander P Cole, Quoc-Dien Trinh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Secondary data analysis has become increasingly common in health services research, specifically comparative effectiveness research. While a comprehensive study of the techniques and methods for secondary data analysis is a wide-ranging topic, we sought to perform a descriptive study of some key methodological issues related to secondary data analyses and to provide a basic summary of techniques to address them. RECENT FINDINGS: In this study, we first address common issues seen in analysis of secondary datasets, and limitations of datasets with respect to bias...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568477/two-stage-residual-inclusion-estimation-in-health-services-research-and-health-economics
#11
Joseph V Terza
OBJECTIVES: Empirical analyses in health services research and health economics often require implementation of nonlinear models whose regressors include one or more endogenous variables-regressors that are correlated with the unobserved random component of the model. In such cases, implementation of conventional regression methods that ignore endogeneity will likely produce results that are biased and not causally interpretable. Terza et al. (2008) discuss a relatively simple estimation method that avoids endogeneity bias and is applicable in a wide variety of nonlinear regression contexts...
May 31, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566134/medicare-claims-data-resources-a-primer-for-policy-focused-radiology-health-services-researchers
#12
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Danny R Hughes, Richard Duszak
As societal stakeholders call for increased evidence-based health policy, considerable attention has focused on Medicare, the country's largest payer. Concurrently, medical imaging has come under considerable scrutiny as a contributor to rising health care expenditures. Accordingly, many recent studies have focused on multiple factors related to the utilization of imaging among Medicare beneficiaries. This article summarizes several national Medicare fee-for-service data sources relevant to supporting ongoing investigations...
May 27, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561137/-the-development-of-social-innovations-in-health-care-and-the-role-of-science-and-research
#13
Stefanie Richter
In the course of demographic, epidemiological and social changes, various challenges arise concerning the organization of health care and health promotion for the population. Innovative approaches are needed to face these challenges. The focus in the theoretical work is on the analysis of the development of social innovations and on the role of science and research to solve social problems. First of all, the notion of innovation based on technologies will be expanded by social innovations. 2 approaches to promote social innovations are discussed: the systematic discovery and development of solutions in practice as well as the co-productive development in the terms of transdisciplinary research...
May 24, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558853/-effectiveness-of-influenza-vaccine-in-the-netherlands-predominant-circulating-virus-type-and-vaccine-match-are-important-conditions
#14
E van Doorn, M Darvishian, F Dijkstra, M J Bijlsma, G A Donker, M M A de Lange, L M Cadenau, E Hak, A Meijer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between circulating influenza virus A types and subtypes and influenza B lineages, their match with the vaccine and the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine (IVE). DESIGN: Test negative case control study. METHOD: We used data from the Dutch Sentinel Practices of the Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research (NIVEL) Primary Care Database. Participating general practitioners took nose and throat swabs for viral studies from patients with influenza-like illness or another acute respiratory infection...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558687/bibliometric-analysis-of-worldwide-scientific-literature-in-mobile-health-2006-2016
#15
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Adham S AbuTaha, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Fathi M A Anayah, Ansam F Sawalha
BACKGROUND: The advancement of mobile technology had positively influenced healthcare services. An emerging subfield of mobile technology is mobile health (m-Health) in which mobile applications are used for health purposes. The aim of this study was to analyze and assess literature published in the field of m-Health. METHODS: SciVerse Scopus was used to retrieve literature in m-Health. The study period was set from 2006 to 2016. ArcGIS 10.1 was used to present geographical distribution of publications while VOSviewer was used for data visualization...
May 30, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554498/addressing-refugee-health-through-evidence-based-policies-a%C3%A2-case%C3%A2-study
#16
Heike Thiel de Bocanegra, Olivia Carter-Pokras, J David Ingleby, Kevin Pottie, Nedelina Tchangalova, Sophia I Allen, Julie Smith-Gagen, Bertha Hidalgo
The cumulative total of persons forced to leave their country for fear of persecution or organized violence reached an unprecedented 24.5 million by the end of 2015. Providing equitable access to appropriate health services for these highly diverse newcomers poses challenges for receiving countries. In this case study, we illustrate the importance of translating epidemiology into policy to address the health needs of refugees by highlighting examples of what works as well as identifying important policy-relevant gaps in knowledge...
May 12, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552191/measuring-geographical-accessibility-to-rural-and-remote-health-care-services-challenges-and-considerations
#17
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
This research is focused on methodological challenges and considerations associated with the estimation of the geographical aspects of access to healthcare with a focus on rural and remote areas. With the assumption that GIS-based accessibility measures for rural healthcare services will vary across geographic units of analysis and estimation techniques, which could influence the interpretation of spatial access to rural healthcare services. Estimations of geographical accessibility depend on variations of the following three parameters: 1) quality of input data; 2) accessibility method; and 3) geographical area...
June 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546055/the-long-way-of-implementing-patient-centered-care-and-shared-decision-making-in-germany
#18
Martin Härter, Jörg Dirmaier, Isabelle Scholl, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Marie-Luise Dierks, Wolfgang Eich, Hardy Müller, David Klemperer, Klaus Koch, Christiane Bieber
The main focus of the paper is on the description of the development and current state of research and implementation of patient-centered care (PCC) and shared decision-making (SDM) after fifteen years of substantial advances in health policy and health services research. What is the current state of SDM in health policy? The "Law on Patients' Rights" from 2013 standardizes all rights and responsibilities within the framework of medical treatment for German citizens and legal residents. This comprises the right to informed decisions, comprehensive and comprehensible information for patients, and decisions based on a clinician-patient-partnership...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539857/primary-health-care-research-in-saudi-arabia-a-quantitative-analysis
#19
Saulat Jahan, Abdullah Mohammed Al-Saigul
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to analyze the published primary health care (PHC) research conducted in Saudi Arabia quantitatively and to determine the distribution of these research publications according to the topic, time, geographical location, and institution. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we conducted literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar. The Medical Subject Headings terms: "Primary Health" AND "Saudi" and "Primary Care" AND "Saudi" were used for searching relevant journal articles...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538432/commentaries-on-health-services-research
#20
Roderick S Hooker, James F Cawley, Guillermo V Sanchez, Davis G Patterson, Pauline Joyce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
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