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"Health services research"

Q Lina Hu, Ryan J Ellis, Clifford Y Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Surgery
R Sommer, J Blömeke, M Bullinger, J Quitmann
PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate the disease-specific "quality of life in short stature youth (QoLISSY)-instrument" that assessesQuery the health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in German children and adolescents diagnosed as small for gestational age (SGA) in a patient and parent report. METHODS: The psychometric performance of the German version of the QoLISSY questionnaire was examined in terms of reliability and validity in 65 SGA families (17 child reports/64 parent reports) and compared to the psychometric performance of the original European QoLISSY dataset of over 200 children with growth hormone deficiency and idiopathic short stature (ISS)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Mandy Gutknecht, Marion Danner, Marthe-Lisa Schaarschmidt, Christian Gross, Matthias Augustin
BACKGROUND: To define treatment benefit, the Patient Benefit Index contains a weighting of patient-relevant treatment goals using the Patient Needs Questionnaire, which includes a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 0 ("not important at all") to 4 ("very important"). These treatment goals have been assigned to five health dimensions. The importance of each dimension can be derived by averaging the importance ratings on the Likert scales of associated treatment goals...
February 15, 2018: Patient
Dean Trevor Eurich, Karly A Achtymichuk, Jeffrey A Johnson, Jashu K Minhas-Sandhu, Mu Lin
BACKGROUND: Objectives: To develop a healthy user index to serve as a method of confounding adjustment in future observational studies of preventive therapies. METHODS: A large administrative database of patients with type 2 diabetes was split in half randomly, yielding derivation and validation cohorts. Influenza vaccination was used as a 'prototypical marker' of a healthy user. In our derivation cohort, we fitted a mixed effects logistic regression model, and a points-based system was used to construct the index...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
Jessica Y Liu, Q Lina Hu, Clifford Y Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Surgery
Kyle Sheetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Surgery
Maarten de Wit, Anna Beurskens, Barbara Piškur, Esther Stoffers, Albine Moser
BACKGROUND: Acquiring the theoretical and practical knowhow of conducting patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is not part of the traditional curriculum of researchers. Zuyd University of Applied Sciences and Huis voor de Zorg, a regional umbrella patient organization, therefore started a 1.5-year coaching programme. OBJECTIVE: To establish a community of practice by developing a PPI coaching programme for senior and junior health services researchers of Zuyd University...
February 8, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Elisabeth M Oehrlein, Jennifer S Graff, Eleanor M Perfetto, C Daniel Mullins, Robert W Dubois, Chinenye Anyanwu, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
OBJECTIVES: Peer-review publication is a critical step to the translation and dissemination of research results into clinical practice guidelines, health technology assessment (HTA) and payment policies, and clinical care. The objective of this study was to examine current views of journal editors regarding: (i) The value of real-world evidence (RWE) and how it compares with other types of studies; (ii) Education and/or resources journal editors provide to their peer reviewers or perceive as needed for authors, reviewers, and editors related to RWE...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Thomas Petzold, Falko Tesch, Jürgen-Bernhard Adler, Christian Günster, Fritz-Uwe Niethard, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Analysis of the regional development of spine surgery in Germany between 2005 and 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A secondary data analysis of inpatient data from the Scientific Institute of the AOK (WIdO) was carried out for the period 2005 to 2014. The number of spinal procedures was determined on the basis of 14 defined intervention groups (procedures according to OPS codes). The regional numbers of spine surgery procedures in the 402 districts in Germany and the regional age- and gender-standardised distribution are displayed as healthcare utilisation charts...
February 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Ryan J Ellis, Jessica Y Liu, Clifford Y Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Surgery
Kali S Thomas, Eric Boyd, Angela B Mariotto, Dolly C Penn, Michael J Barrett, Joan L Warren
BACKGROUND: The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data combine clinical information from population-based cancer registries with Medicare claims. These data have been used in many studies to understand cancer screening, treatment, outcomes, and costs. However, until recently, these data included limited information related to the characteristics and outcomes of cancer patients residing in or admitted to nursing homes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the new linkage between SEER-Medicare data and the Minimum Data Set (MDS), a nursing home resident assessment instrument detailing residents' physical, psychological, and psychosocial functioning as well as any therapies or treatments received...
February 2, 2018: Medical Care
Joceline V Vu, Michael J Englesbe, Kyle H Sheetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Surgery
Stephen P Gulley, Elizabeth K Rasch, Christina D Bethell, Adam C Carle, Benjamin G Druss, Amy J Houtrow, Amanda Reichard, Leighton Chan
BACKGROUND: There is a concerted effort underway to evaluate and reform our nation's approach to the health of people with ongoing or elevated needs for care, particularly persons with chronic conditions and/or disabilities. OBJECTIVE: This literature review characterizes the current state of knowledge on the measurement of chronic disease and disability in population-based health services research on working age adults (age 18-64). METHODS: Scoping review methods were used to scan the health services research literature published since the year 2000, including medline, psycINFO and manual searches...
January 10, 2018: Disability and Health Journal
Maria Blettner, Marie-Luise Dierks, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Katrin Hertrampf, Norbert Klusen, Sascha Köpke, Michael Masanneck, Holger Pfaff, Rainer Richter, Leonie Sundmacher
The "Innovation Fund" provides incentives for the development and testing of healthcare innovations in the area of the statutory health insurance with the aim to improve the quality of care in Germany. Over a period of initially four years (2016-19), 300 million Euro will be allocated annually to projects on "innovative forms of healthcare provision" and "health services research". Using a formalized procedure, the ten-member expert advisory board appointed by the German Federal Ministry of Health (BMG) assess all applications on the basis of various criteria for scientific quality, potential of innovation, relevance for health service delivery, and implementability...
January 30, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
Jane Farmer, Karen Carlisle, Virginia Dickson-Swift, Simon Teasdale, Amanda Kenny, Judy Taylor, Felicity Croker, Karen Marini, Mark Gussy
BACKGROUND: Citizen participation in health service co-production is increasingly enacted. A reason for engaging community members is to co-design services that are locally-appropriate and harness local assets. To date, much literature examines processes of involving participants, with little consideration of innovative services are designed, how innovations emerge, develop and whether they sustain or diffuse. This paper addresses this gap by examining co-designed initiatives through the lens of social innovation - a conceptualisation more attuned to analysing grassroots innovation than common health services research approaches considering top-down, technical innovations...
January 31, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Daniel I Rhon, Derek Clewley, Jodi L Young, Charles D Sissel, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Large healthcare databases, with their ability to collect many variables from daily medical practice, greatly enable health services research. These longitudinal databases provide large cohorts and longitudinal time frames, allowing for highly pragmatic assessment of healthcare delivery. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the methodology related to the use of the United States Military Health System Data Repository (MDR) for longitudinal assessment of musculoskeletal clinical outcomes, as well as address challenges of using this data for outcomes research...
January 31, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Malin Johansson Östbring, Tommy Eriksson, Göran Petersson, Lina Hellström
BACKGROUND: Trials of complex interventions are often criticized for being difficult to interpret because the effects of apparently similar interventions vary across studies dependent on context, targeted groups, and the delivery of the intervention. The Motivational Interviewing and Medication Review in Coronary heart disease (MIMeRiC) trial is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an intervention aimed at improving pharmacological secondary prevention. Guidelines for the development and evaluation of complex interventions have recently highlighted the need for better reporting of the development of interventions, including descriptions of how the intervention is assumed to work, how this theory informed the process evaluation, and how the process evaluation relates to the outcome evaluation...
January 30, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Helen Ewertowski, Fabian Tetzlaff, Stephanie Stiel, Nils Schneider, Saskia Jünger
BACKGROUND: The focus of this project is on improving the provision of primary palliative care (PC) by general practitioners (GPs). While approximately 10-15% of the incurable, seriously ill or dying people will be in need of specialist PC, the vast majority can be adequately treated within generalist care. The strengthening of the GP's role in PC, as well as ensuring close collaboration between specialist PC services and GPs have been identified as top priorities for the improvement of PC in Germany...
January 30, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
Calista M Harbaugh, Jennifer N Cooper, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Surgery
Bridget L Ryan, Joshua Shadd, Heather Maddocks, Moira Stewart, Amardeep Thind, Amanda L Terry
  A referral from a family physician (FP) to a specialist is an inflection point in the patient journey, with potential implications for clinical outcomes and health policy. Primary care electronic medical record (EMR) databases offer opportunities to examine referral patterns. Until recently, software techniques were not available to model these kinds of multi-level count data. OBJECTIVE:  To establish methodology for determining referral rates from FPs to medical specialists using the Canadian Primary Care Sentinel Surveillance Network (CPCSSN) EMR database...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
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