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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538432/commentaries-on-health-services-research
#1
Roderick S Hooker, James F Cawley, Guillermo V Sanchez, Davis G Patterson, Pauline Joyce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535104/measuring-the-value-of-new-drugs-validity-and-reliability-of-4-value-assessment-frameworks-in-the-oncology-setting
#2
Tanya G K Bentley, Joshua T Cohen, Elena B Elkin, Julie Huynh, Arnab Mukherjea, Thanh H Neville, Matthew Mei, Ronda Copher, Russell Knoth, Ioana Popescu, Jackie Lee, Jenelle M Zambrano, Michael S Broder
BACKGROUND: Several organizations have developed frameworks to systematically assess the value of new drugs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the convergent validity and interrater reliability of 4 value frameworks to understand the extent to which these tools can facilitate value-based treatment decisions in oncology. METHODS: Eight panelists used the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO), Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER), and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) frameworks to conduct value assessments of 15 drugs for advanced lung and breast cancers and castration-refractory prostate cancer...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533698/use-of-the-medicare-database-in-epidemiologic-and-health-services-research-a-valuable-source-of-real-world-evidence-on-the-older-and-disabled-populations-in-the-us
#3
REVIEW
Katherine E Mues, Alexander Liede, Jiannong Liu, James B Wetmore, Rebecca Zaha, Brian D Bradbury, Allan J Collins, David T Gilbertson
Medicare is the federal health insurance program for individuals in the US who are aged ≥65 years, select individuals with disabilities aged <65 years, and individuals with end-stage renal disease. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services grants researchers access to Medicare administrative claims databases for epidemiologic and health outcomes research. The data cover beneficiaries' encounters with the health care system and receipt of therapeutic interventions, including medications, procedures, and services...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531560/uneasy-encounters-youth-social-dis-comfort-and-the-autistic-self
#4
Edmund Coleman-Fountain
Notions of deficit and 'faultiness' shape depictions of the association between autism and uneasy social relationships. That framing has been the focus of critique by autistic activists and scholars who, exploring autistic people's sociality, reframe issues of social difficulty in terms of inequality and discomfort. Located within this set of debates, the article analyses data from a UK based study of mental health narratives derived from semi-structured interviews with 19 autistic young adults aged 23 to 24...
May 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526667/patient-centered-decision-support-formative-usability-evaluation-of-integrated-clinical-decision-support-with-a-patient-decision-aid-for-minor-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Edward R Melnick, Erik P Hess, George Guo, Maggie Breslin, Kevin Lopez, Anthony J Pavlo, Fuad Abujarad, Seth M Powsner, Lori A Post
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Computed Tomography (CT) Head Rule, a clinical decision rule designed to safely reduce imaging in minor head injury, has been rigorously validated and implemented, and yet expected decreases in CT were unsuccessful. Recent work has identified empathic care as a key component in decreasing CT overuse. Health information technology can hinder the clinician-patient relationship. Patient-centered decision tools to support the clinician-patient relationship are needed to promote evidence-based decisions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521379/-compatibility-of-work-and-family-life-of-employees-in-the-healthcare-sector-an-issue-in-health-services-research
#6
Matthias Lukasczik, Jutta Ahnert, Veronika Ströbl, Heiner Vogel, Carolin Donath, Ilka Enger, Elmar Gräßel, Lena Heyelmann, Heidemarie Lux, Jochen Maurer, Dominik Özbe, Stefanie Spieckenbaum, Elzbieta Voigtländer, Manfred Wildner, Andreas Zapf, Angela Zellner, Alfons Hollederer
Background Healthcare professionals are confronted with specific work-related demands that influence work-family relations and might indirectly affect the quality of healthcare. This paper seeks to provide an overview of the current state of research on this topic of relevance to health services research. The overview may serve as a starting point for modifying structures in the healthcare system (especially in rural regions) with the aim of improving work-family compatibility. Methods A systematic national and international literature search was conducted in terms of a scoping review...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515197/models-for-estimating-and-projecting-global-regional-and-national-prevalence-and-disease-burden-of-asthma-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#7
Mohammad Romel Bhuia, Bright I Nwaru, Christopher J Weir, Aziz Sheikh
INTRODUCTION: Models that have so far been used to estimate and project the prevalence and disease burden of asthma are in most cases inadequately described and irreproducible. We aim systematically to describe and critique the existing models in relation to their strengths, limitations and reproducibility, and to determine the appropriate models for estimating and projecting the prevalence and disease burden of asthma. METHODS: We will search the following electronic databases to identify relevant literature published from 1980 to 2017: Medline, Embase, WHO Library and Information Services and Web of Science Core Collection...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503361/a-review-of-the-key-considerations-in-mental-health-services-research-a-focus-on-low-income-children-and-families
#8
Deborah J Jones, Margaret Anton, Chloe Zachary, Sarah Pittman, Patrick Turner, Rex Forehand, Olga Khavjou
Children have been particularly vulnerable to the economic challenges of the past decade, with half (45 to 51%) of children under the age of 18 living in a low-income home and nearly 22% of those living in poverty. Low-income children are overrepresented in a range of statistics on psychosocial maladjustment issues, but their families are less likely than other socioeconomic groups to participate in mental health services and intervention research. Thus, this review asserts that substantive advances in mental health services and intervention research with low income families must move beyond a between-group, deficit-focused perspective to a more nuanced contemplation of how to: 1) Operationalize the "income" in low-income families; 2) Disentangle the interrelationship of low income, race, and ethnicity; and 3) Optimize recruitment, engagement and retention efforts via sensitivity to the culture of low-income status...
December 2016: Couple & Family Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499321/-group-discussions-in-health-services-research-part-1-introduction-and-deliberations-on-selection-of-method-and-planning
#9
Nadine Janis Pohontsch, Veronika Müller, Susanne Brandner, Christoph Karlheim, Saskia Jünger, Katharina Klindtworth, Maren Stamer, Nicole Höfling-Engels, Vera Kleineke, Benigna Brandt, Margret Xyländer, Christiane Patzelt, Thorsten Meyer
Health services researchers focus on the players, structures and impact of health care in "real life". They investigate how social aspects, financing, organizational structures, technologies and personal attitudes affect the process and outcomes of health care. Qualitative research methods are used here, which address how people act according to their unique living conditions (outside the context of experimental studies). Different methods of debriefing groups are essential for qualitative health services research...
May 12, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495345/the-georges-pompidou-university-hospital-clinical-data-warehouse-a-8-years-follow-up-experience
#10
Anne-Sophie Jannot, Eric Zapletal, Paul Avillach, Marie-France Mamzer, Anita Burgun, Patrice Degoulet
BACKGROUND: When developed jointly with clinical information systems, clinical data warehouses (CDWs) facilitate the reuse of healthcare data and leverage clinical research. OBJECTIVE: To describe both data access and use for clinical research, epidemiology and health service research of the "Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou" (HEGP) CDW. METHODS: The CDW has been developed since 2008 using an i2b2 platform. It was made available to health professionals and researchers in October 2010...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493730/behavioral-health-services-in-urban-american-indian-health-organizations-a-descriptive-portrait
#11
Andrew Pomerville, Joseph P Gone
The federal Indian Health Service (IHS) is the primary funding source for health services designated for American Indians (AIs; Gone & Trimble, 2012). Urban Indian health organizations (UIHOs), funded in part by IHS, are typically the only sites in large metropolitan settings offering treatments tailored to AI health needs. This is a first look at how mental health treatment is structured at UIHOs. UIHO staff at 17 of 34 UIHOs responded to our request to participate (50%), 14 employed behavioral health program directors who could complete the survey on behalf of their programs, and 11 of these submitted complete data regarding their current treatment practices and personal attitudes toward empirically supported treatments...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480474/secondary-use-and-analysis-of-big-data-collected-for-patient-care-contribution-from-the-imia-working-group-on-data-mining-and-big-data-analytics
#12
F J Martin-Sanchez, V Aguiar-Pulido, G H Lopez-Campos, N Peek, L Sacchi
OBJECTIVES: To identify common methodological challenges and review relevant initiatives related to the re-use of patient data collected in routine clinical care, as well as to analyze the economic benefits derived from the secondary use of this data. Through the use of several examples, this article aims to provide a glimpse into the different areas of application, namely clinical research, genomic research, study of environmental factors, and population and health services research...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472962/sustainability-in-health-care-by-allocating-resources-effectively-share-1-introducing-a-series-of-papers-reporting-an-investigation-of-disinvestment-in-a-local-healthcare-setting
#13
EDITORIAL
Claire Harris, Sally Green, Wayne Ramsey, Kelly Allen, Richard King
This is the first in a series of papers reporting Sustainability in Health care by Allocating Resources Effectively (SHARE). The SHARE Program is an investigation of concepts, opportunities, methods and implications for evidence-based investment and disinvestment in health technologies and clinical practices in a local healthcare setting. The papers in this series are targeted at clinicians, managers, policy makers, health service researchers and implementation scientists working in this context. This paper presents an overview of the organisation-wide, systematic, integrated, evidence-based approach taken by one Australian healthcare network and provides an introduction and guide to the suite of papers reporting the experiences and outcomes...
May 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472958/the-role-of-simulation-in-mixed-methods-research-a-framework-application-to-patient-safety
#14
Jeanne-Marie Guise, Matthew Hansen, William Lambert, Kerth O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Research in patient safety is an important area of health services research and is a national priority. It is challenging to investigate rare occurrences, explore potential causes, and account for the complex, dynamic context of healthcare - yet all are required in patient safety research. Simulation technologies have become widely accepted as education and clinical tools, but have yet to become a standard tool for research. METHODS: We developed a framework for research that integrates accepted patient safety models with mixed-methods research approaches and describe the performance of the framework in a working example of a large National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded R01 investigation...
May 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471762/development-of-a-smartphone-application-to-monitor-pediatric-patient-reported-outcomes
#15
Jingting Wang, Nengliang Aaron Yao, Yanyan Liu, Zhaohui Geng, Yuanyuan Wang, Nanping Shen, Xiaoyan Zhang, Min Shen, Changrong Yuan
Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly emphasized in clinical trials and population health studies. Our research team developed a smartphone app to track patient-reported outcomes of children with chronic diseases. The purpose of this study is to develop a patient-reported outcome reporting app and evaluate its usability. A multidisciplinary research team including health services researchers, pediatric nurses, and software engineers worked collaboratively in developing the patient-reported outcome app and administration portal...
May 3, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462358/the-experience-of-transitional-care-for-non-medically-complex-older-adults-and-their-family-caregivers
#16
Alexandros Georgiadis, Oonagh Corrigan
Transitional care research has mainly focused on the experiences of older adults with complex medical conditions. To date, few publications examine the experience of transitional care for non-medically complex older adults. In this article, we draw on and thematically analyze interview and audio-diary data collected at three hospitals in Eastern England, and we explore the experience of transitional care of 18 older adults and family caregivers. Participants reported mixed experiences when describing their care transitions, which indicated variations in care quality...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457940/road-to-the-future-priorities-for-child-health-services-research
#17
REVIEW
Gerry Fairbrother, Denise Dougherty, Rosina Pradhananga, Lisa A Simpson
BACKGROUND: Prior health services research (HSR) agendas for children have been published, but major ones are now over 15 years old and do not reflect augmented understanding of the drivers and determinants of children's health; recent changes in the organization, financing, and delivery of health care; a growing emphasis on population health; and major demographic shifts in the population. A policy-relevant research agenda that integrates knowledge gained over the past two decades is essential to guide future child HSR (CHSR)...
April 27, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449782/health-services-research-cardiology-in-the-changing-health-care-landscape
#18
EDITORIAL
Joseph Ebinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449697/teaching-implementation-science-in-a-new-master-of-science-program-in-germany-a-survey-of-stakeholder-expectations
#19
Charlotte Ullrich, Cornelia Mahler, Johanna Forstner, Joachim Szecsenyi, Michel Wensing
BACKGROUND: Implementation science in healthcare is an evolving discipline in German-speaking countries. In 2015, the Medical Faculty of the University of Heidelberg, Germany, implemented a two-year full-time Master of Science program Health Services Research and Implementation Science. The curriculum introduces implementation science in the context of a broader program that also covers health services research, healthcare systems, research methods, and generic academic skills. Our aim was to assess the expectations of different stakeholder groups regarding the master's program...
April 27, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446164/core-information-sets-for-informed-consent-to-surgical-interventions-baseline-information-of-importance-to-patients-and-clinicians
#20
Barry G Main, Angus G K McNair, Richard Huxtable, Jenny L Donovan, Steven J Thomas, Paul Kinnersley, Jane M Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Consent remains a crucial, yet challenging, cornerstone of clinical practice. The ethical, legal and professional understandings of this construct have evolved away from a doctor-centred act to a patient-centred process that encompasses the patient's values, beliefs and goals. This alignment of consent with the philosophy of shared decision-making was affirmed in a recent high-profile Supreme Court ruling in England. The communication of information is central to this model of health care delivery but it can be difficult for doctors to gauge the information needs of the individual patient...
April 26, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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