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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098675/commentaries-on-health-services-research
#1
Denys T Lau, James Cannon, Adam S Wilk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098672/a-chronicle-of-pa-journals
#2
Roderick S Hooker
At its semicentennial mark, the PA profession appears to be flourishing. Over the past 50 years, a number of journals have emerged to highlight the development of the profession and offer observations on it. The Physician Associate Journal, launched in 1970, was the first foray into PA reporting. Following this small effort, a dozen journals or newspapers came into print, lasted for a while, and then were replaced or died. Of journals that survived to the present, four are in English and one in Dutch. Three of the five journals are association-based, and four produce clinical articles; publication is monthly, quarterly, or semiannually...
February 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097842/in-hospital-capacity-building-in-research-and-management-for-pediatric-professionals
#3
Graciela Demirdjian, Susana Rodríguez, Juan C Vassallo, Vilma Irazola, Josefa Rodríguez
We describe an educational strategy aimed at capacity-building of hospital health care professionals in research and management initiated at a pediatric hospital in 2006, and the results obtained eight years after its implementation. Research and Management in Pediatrics (GIP) is an annual 250-hour course combining meetings and off-site assignments delivered through the Hospital's on-line campus. It provides students with practical tools for research (epidemiology, methodology, bibliographic search, evidencebased medicine, biostatistics) and management (strategic planning, management programs, health services research, quality improvement, health economics)...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093724/the-potential-of-high-dimensional-propensity-scores-in-health-services-research-an-exemplary-study-on-the-quality-of-care-for-elective-percutaneous-coronary-interventions
#4
Dirk Enders, Christoph Ohlmeier, Edeltraut Garbe
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the potential of the high-dimensional propensity score (HDPS) to control for residual confounding in studies analyzing quality of care based on administrative health insurance data. DATA SOURCE: Secondary data from 2004 to 2009 from three German statutory health insurance providers. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in patients with elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) and compared the mortality risk between the in- and outpatient setting using Cox regression...
January 16, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#6
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056392/trends-of-classification-incidence-mortality-and-survival-of-mds-patients-in-switzerland-between-2001-and-2012
#7
Nicolas Bonadies, Anita Feller, Alicia Rovo, Axel Ruefer, Sabine Blum, Bernhard Gerber, Georg Stuessi, Rudolf Benz, Nathan Cantoni, Andreas Holbro, Adrian Schmidt, Thomas Lehmann, C Matthias Wilk, Volker Arndt
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are emerging disorders of the elderly with an increasing burden on healthcare systems. He we report on the first population-based, epidemiological analysis of patients diagnosed with MDS in Switzerland between 2001 and 2012. The aim of this study was to characterize the extent and limitations of currently available population-based, epidemiological data and formulate recommendations for future health services research. The investigated outcomes comprised trends of annual case frequency, classification of morphological subtypes, incidence, mortality and survival...
January 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033182/commentaries-on-health-services-research
#8
Noël Smith, Todd J Doran, Fred C Eilrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011594/anonymization-for-outputs-of-population-health-and-health-services-research-conducted-via-an-online-data-center
#9
Christine M O'Keefe, Mark Westcott, Maree O'Sullivan, Adrien Ickowicz, Tim Churches
OBJECTIVE: Online data centers (ODCs) are becoming increasingly popular for making health-related data available for research. Such centers provide good privacy protection during analysis by trusted researchers, but privacy concerns may still remain if the system outputs are not sufficiently anonymized. In this article, we propose a method for anonymizing analysis outputs from ODCs for publication in academic literature. METHODS: We use as a model system the Secure Unified Research Environment, an online computing system that allows researchers to access and analyze linked health-related data for approved studies in Australia...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995317/no-common-understanding-of-profession-terms-utilized-in-health-services-research-an-add-on-qualitative-study-in-the-context-of-the-qualicopc-project-in-austria
#10
Kathryn Hoffmann, Silvia Wojczewski, Diederik Aarendonk, Manfred Maier, Thomas Ernst Dorner, Jan de Maeseneer
BACKGROUND: Health services research, especially in primary care, is challenging because the systems differ widely between countries. This study aimed to explore the different understanding of the terminology used, particularly, regarding the professions nursing and medical secretaries. METHODS: The study was an add-on study to the Quality and Costs in Primary Care (QUALICOPC) project in Austria and designed as qualitative research. The qualitative phase was conducted by using semi-structured telephone interviews with general practitioners (GP)...
December 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977903/elementary-my-dear-watson-the-era-of-natural-language-processing-in-transplantation
#11
EDITORIAL
Bing Ho, Anton Skaro, Samantha Montag, Lihui Zhao
The use of modern data acquisition and analytics commonly in use in the technology sector by Google, IBM, and others have long been the envy of the health services researcher. In this issue, Srinivas et al. have demonstrated feasibility in the use of data mining and natural language processing (NLP) in data abstraction.(1) In their study they developed predictive models for graft loss and patient survival in kidney transplantation using single-center retrospective data. This article is protected by copyright...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965837/optimisation-of-complex-health-interventions-prior-to-a-randomised-controlled-trial-a-scoping-review-of-strategies-used
#12
REVIEW
Sara Levati, Pauline Campbell, Rachael Frost, Nadine Dougall, Mary Wells, Cam Donaldson, Suzanne Hagen
BACKGROUND: Many complex intervention trials fail to show an intervention effect. Although this may be due to genuine ineffectiveness, it may also be the result of sub-optimal intervention design, implementation failure or a combination of these. Given current financial constraints and the pressure to reduce waste and increase value in health services research, pre-trial strategies are needed to reduce the likelihood of design or implementation failure and to maximise the intervention's potential for effectiveness...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938728/-continuity-of-hospital-identifiers-in-hospital-discharge-data-analysis-of-the-nationwide-german-drg-statistics-from-2005-to-2013
#13
Ulrike Nimptsch, Annelene Wengler, Thomas Mansky
BACKGROUND: In Germany, nationwide hospital discharge data (DRG statistics provided by the research data centers of the Federal Statistical Office and the Statistical Offices of the 'Länder') are increasingly used as data source for health services research. Within this data hospitals can be separated via their hospital identifier ([Institutionskennzeichen] IK). However, this hospital identifier primarily designates the invoicing unit and is not necessarily equivalent to one hospital location...
November 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922506/coding-in-muscle-disease
#14
Lyell K Jones, John P Ney
Accurate coding is critically important for clinical practice and research. Ongoing changes to diagnostic and billing codes require the clinician to stay abreast of coding updates. Payment for health care services, data sets for health services research, and reporting for medical quality improvement all require accurate administrative coding. This article provides an overview of administrative coding for patients with muscle disease and includes a case-based review of diagnostic and Evaluation and Management (E/M) coding principles in patients with myopathy...
December 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903305/priorities-and-needs-for-research-on-urban-interventions-targeting-vector-borne-diseases-rapid-review-of-scoping-and-systematic-reviews
#15
EDITORIAL
Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Olive Mukamana, Mabel Carabali, Lyda Osorio, Florence Fournet, Kounbobr Roch Dabiré, Celina Turchi Marteli, Adolfo Contreras, Valéry Ridde
This paper highlights the critical importance of evidence on vector-borne diseases (VBD) prevention and control interventions in urban settings when assessing current and future needs, with a view to setting policy priorities that promote inclusive and equitable urban health services. Research should produce knowledge about policies and interventions that are intended to control and prevent VBDs at the population level and to reduce inequities. Such interventions include policy, program, and resource distribution approaches that address the social determinants of health and exert influence at organizational and system levels...
December 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900776/hospital-admissions-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-data-linkage-study
#16
Elaine Meehan, Susan M Reid, Katrina Williams, Gary L Freed, Jillian R Sewell, Suzanna Vidmar, Susan Donath, Dinah S Reddihough
AIM: The overall aim was to investigate the feasibility and utility of linking a cerebral palsy (CP) register to an administrative data set for health services research purposes. We sought to compare CP hospital admissions to general childhood population admissions, and identify factors associated with type and frequency of admissions in a CP cohort. METHOD: The CP register for Victoria, Australia was linked to the state's hospital admissions database. Data pertaining to the admissions of a CP cohort (n=1748) that took place between 2007 and 2014 were extracted...
November 30, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898564/commentaries-on-health-services-research
#17
Richard W Dehn, Oren Berkowitz, Jennifer M Coombs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898510/the-effect-of-implementation-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-care-elements-of-a-perioperative-surgical-home-model-on-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroplasty-or-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Thomas R Vetter, Joydip Barman, James M Hunter, Keith A Jones, Jean-Francois Pittet
BACKGROUND: The Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) seeks to remedy the currently highly fragmented and expensive perioperative care in the United States. The 2 specific aims of this health services research study were to assess the association between the preoperative and postoperative elements of an initial PSH model and a set of (1) clinical, quality, and patient safety outcomes and (2) operational and financial outcomes, in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
November 28, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885709/the-median-hazard-ratio-a-useful-measure-of-variance-and-general-contextual-effects-in-multilevel-survival-analysis
#19
Peter C Austin, Philippe Wagner, Juan Merlo
Multilevel data occurs frequently in many research areas like health services research and epidemiology. A suitable way to analyze such data is through the use of multilevel regression models (MLRM). MLRM incorporate cluster-specific random effects which allow one to partition the total individual variance into between-cluster variation and between-individual variation. Statistically, MLRM account for the dependency of the data within clusters and provide correct estimates of uncertainty around regression coefficients...
November 25, 2016: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876082/evaluating-data-abstraction-assistant-a-novel-software-application-for-data-abstraction-during-systematic-reviews-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Ian J Saldanha, Christopher H Schmid, Joseph Lau, Kay Dickersin, Jesse A Berlin, Jens Jap, Bryant T Smith, Simona Carini, Wiley Chan, Berry De Bruijn, Byron C Wallace, Susan M Hutfless, Ida Sim, M Hassan Murad, Sandra A Walsh, Elizabeth J Whamond, Tianjing Li
BACKGROUND: Data abstraction, a critical systematic review step, is time-consuming and prone to errors. Current standards for approaches to data abstraction rest on a weak evidence base. We developed the Data Abstraction Assistant (DAA), a novel software application designed to facilitate the abstraction process by allowing users to (1) view study article PDFs juxtaposed to electronic data abstraction forms linked to a data abstraction system, (2) highlight (or "pin") the location of the text in the PDF, and (3) copy relevant text from the PDF into the form...
November 22, 2016: Systematic Reviews
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