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Sang-Geon Cho, Zeenat Jabin, Ki Seong Park, Jahae Kim, Sae-Ryung Kang, Seong Young Kwon, Geum-Cheol Jeong, Minchul Song, Jong Sang Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Hyun Kuk Kim, Ho-Chun Song, Jung-Joon Min, Hee-Seung Bom
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of additional evaluation of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) by gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (GMPS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and multivessel disease. METHODS: One hundred and nine acute MI patients with >50 % stenosis in at least one non-culprit artery who underwent GMPS within 2 weeks were enrolled. All patients underwent successful revascularization of the culprit arteries...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Margaret T Dillon, Emily Buss, English R King, Ellen J Deres, Sarah N Obarowski, Meredith L Anderson, Marcia C Adunka
OBJECTIVE: Assess whether differences in speech perception are observed after exclusive listening experience with high-definition continuous interleaved sampling (HDCIS) versus fine structure processing (FSP) coding strategies. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned at initial activation of the external speech processor to receive the HDCIS or FSP coding strategy. Frequency filter assignments were consistent across subjects. The speech perception test battery included CNC words in quiet, HINT sentences in quiet and steady noise (+10 dB SNR), AzBio sentences in quiet and a 10-talker babble (+10 dB SNR), and BKB-SIN...
October 18, 2016: Cochlear Implants International
Koenraad S Rhebergen, Thijs H Maalderink, Wouter A Dreschler
OBJECTIVES: The effects of nonlinear signal processing on speech intelligibility in noise are difficult to evaluate. Often, the effects are examined by comparing speech intelligibility scores with and without processing measured at fixed signal to noise ratios (SNRs) or by comparing the adaptive measured speech reception thresholds corresponding to 50% intelligibility (SRT50) with and without processing. These outcome measures might not be optimal. Measuring at fixed SNRs can be affected by ceiling or floor effects, because the range of relevant SNRs is not know in advance...
October 4, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Shweta Jain, M K Ahirwal, Anil Kumar, V Bajaj, G K Singh
Electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the most important physiological signals of human body, which contains important clinical information about the heart. Monitoring of ECG signal is done through QRS detection. In this paper, an improved QRS detection algorithm, based on adaptive filtering principle, has been designed. Enumeration of the effectiveness of various LMS variants used in adaptive filtering based QRS detection algorithm has been done through fidelity parameters like sensitivity and positive predictivity...
October 10, 2016: ISA Transactions
Faysal F Altahawi, Kevin J Blount, Nicholas P Morley, Esther Raithel, Imran M Omar
PURPOSE: To compare a faster, new, high-resolution accelerated 3D-fast-spin-echo (3D-FSE) acquisition sequence (CS-SPACE) to traditional 2D and high-resolution 3D sequences for knee 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients received knee MRIs that included routine 2D (T1, PD ± FS, T2-FS; 0.5 × 0.5 × 3 mm(3); ∼10 min), traditional 3D FSE (SPACE-PD-FS; 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 mm(3); ∼7.5 min), and accelerated 3D-FSE prototype (CS-SPACE-PD-FS; 0...
October 15, 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Farid Ahmed Sid, Karim Abed-Meraim, Rachid Harba, Fatima Oulebsir-Boumghar
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of MR acquisition parameters on brain white matter fiber orientation estimation and parameter of clinical interest in crossing fiber areas based on the Multi-Tensor Model (MTM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compute the Cramér-Rao Bound (CRB) for the MTM and the parameter of clinical interest such as the Fractional Anisotropy (FA) and the dominant fiber orientations, assuming that the diffusion MRI data are recorded by a multi-coil, multi-shell acquisition system...
October 12, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Chun Yang, Ceng Li, Mengsu Zeng, Xin Lu, Jingjing Li, Jiali Wang, Muhammad Umair Sami, Kai Xu
Non-CE MRA techniques (true steady-state free-precession, SSFP) have been used effectively for the selective visualization of the portal venous system and inferior vena cava. Budd-Chiari Syndrome (BCS) encompasses a number of conditions that cause the obstruction of the hepatic outflow tract from the small hepatic veins to the junction of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and right atrium. The purpose of this study was to diagnose BCS with IVC obstruction using respiratory triggered three-dimensional (3D) true SSFP with T-SLIP and compare to digital subtraction angiography (DSA)...
October 11, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Chang-Hoon Choi, YongHyun Ha, Pandichelvam Veeraiah, Jörg Felder, Klaus Möllenhoff, N Jon Shah
Non-proton MRI has recently garnered gathering interest with the increased availability of ultra high-field MRI system. Assuming the availability of a broadband RF amplifier, performing multinuclear MR experiments essentially requires additional hardware, such as an RF resonator and a T/R switch for each nucleus. A double- or triple-resonant RF probe is typically constructed using traps or PIN-diode circuits, but this approach degrades the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image quality compared to a single-resonant coil and this is a limiting factor...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Wei Xu, Jianquan Yao, Xianchao Yang, Jia Shi, Junfa Zhao, Cheng Zhang
A hollow fiber temperature sensor filled with graphene-Ag composite nanowire and liquid is presented and numerically characterized. The coupling properties and sensing performances are analyzed by finite element method (FEM) using both wavelength and amplitude interrogations. Due to the asymmetrical surface plasmon resonance sensing (SPR) region, the designed sensor exhibits strong birefringence, supporting two separate resonance peaks in orthogonal polarizations. Results show that x-polarized resonance peak can provide much better signal to noise ratio (SNR), wavelength and amplitude sensitivities than y-polarized, which is more suitable for tempertature detecting...
October 8, 2016: Sensors
Jayeeta Basu, Chirasree RoyChaudhuri
Recently, a reproducible and scalable chemical method for fabrication of smooth graphene nanogrids has been reported which addresses the challenges of graphene nanoribbons (GNR). These nanogrids have been found to be capable of attomolar detection of biomolecules in field effect transistor (FET) mode. However, for detection of sub-femtomolar concentrations of target molecule in complex mixtures with reasonable accuracy, it is not sufficient to only explore the steady state sensitivities, but is also necessary to investigate the flicker noise which dominates at frequencies below 100 kHz...
October 8, 2016: Sensors
You Li, Dongwoon Hyun, Lotfi Abou-Elkacem, Juergen Willmann, Jeremy Dahl
Power Doppler (PD) imaging is a widely used technique for flow detection. Despite the wide use of Doppler ultrasound, limitations exist in the ability of Doppler ultrasound to assess slow flow in small-diameter vasculature, such as the maternal spiral arteries and fetal villous arteries of the placenta and focal liver lesions. The sensitivity of PD in small vessel detection is limited by the low signal produced by slow flow and the noise associated with small vessels. The noise sources include electronic noise, stationary or slowly moving tissue clutter, reverberation clutter, and off-axis scattering from tissue, among others...
October 10, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Kaiwu He, Fei Qi, Chunni Guo, Shuqin Zhan, Hua Xu, Jianjun Liu, Xifei Yang
Transient receptor potential cation (TRPC) channel proteins are abundantly expressed in brain. However, the functions of these TRPC proteins such as TRPC1 are largely unclear. In this study, we reported that TRPC1 deficiency caused movement disorder as measured by swimming test, modified open field test and sunflower seeds eating test. Immunofluorescent staining showed significant loss of both NeuN-positive cells and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) -positive cells in the caudate putamen (CPu), the external globus pallidus (GPe), and the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) in 5-month-old TRPC1 knockout mice (TRPC1-/-) compared to the wild type (WT) mice...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Zhi Dong, Junpeng Hu, Bolun Du, Yunze He
Source number estimation methods for single channel signal have been investigated and the improvements for each method are suggested in this work. Firstly, the single channel data is converted to multi-channel form by delay process. Then, algorithms used in the array signal processing, such as Gerschgorin's disk estimation (GDE) and minimum description length (MDL), are introduced to estimate the source number of the received signal. The previous results have shown that the MDL based on information theoretic criteria (ITC) obtains a superior performance than GDE at low SNR...
2016: PloS One
Andrew J Coristine, Jerome Yerly, Matthias Stuber
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional (2D) spatially selective radiofrequency (RF) pulses may be used to excite restricted volumes. By incorporating a "pencil beam" 2D pulse into a T2-Prep, one may create a "2D-T2-Prep" that combines T2-weighting with an intrinsic outer volume suppression. This may particularly benefit parallel imaging techniques, where artefacts typically originate from residual foldover signal. By suppressing foldover signal with a 2D-T2-Prep, image quality may therefore improve...
2016: PloS One
Yin-Yin Liao, Kuen-Cheh Yang, Ming-Ju Lee, Kuo-Chin Huang, Jin-De Chen, Chih-Kuang Yeh
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a chronic liver disease related to metabolic syndrome. This study applied an integrated analysis based on texture, backscattering, and attenuation features in ultrasound imaging with the aim of assessing the severity of NAFLD. Ultrasound radiofrequency data obtained from 394 clinical cases were analyzed to extract three texture features (autocorrelation, sum average, and sum variance), the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and the slope of the center-frequency downshift (CFDS slope)...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ronan McGarrigle, Piers Dawes, Andrew J Stewart, Stefanie E Kuchinsky, Kevin J Munro
Hearing loss is associated with anecdotal reports of fatigue during periods of sustained listening. However, few studies have attempted to measure changes in arousal, as a potential marker of fatigue, over the course of a sustained listening task. The present study aimed to examine subjective, behavioral, and physiological indices of listening-related fatigue. Twenty-four normal-hearing young adults performed a speech-picture verification task in different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) while their pupil size was monitored and response times recorded...
October 12, 2016: Psychophysiology
Rui Yao, ZeQing Zeng, Ping Zhu
A priori signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimation and noise estimation are important for speech enhancement. In this paper, a novel modified decision-directed (DD) a priori SNR estimation approach based on single-frequency entropy, named DDBSE, is proposed. DDBSE replaces the fixed weighting factor in the DD approach with an adaptive one calculated according to change of single-frequency entropy. Simultaneously, a new noise power estimation approach based on unbiased minimum mean square error (MMSE) and voice activity detection (VAD), named UMVAD, is proposed...
2016: EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
Yang Zhang, Chenglin Zhao, Juan Meng, Shibao Li, Li Li
It is very important that the radar sensor network has autonomous capabilities such as self-managing, etc. Quite often, MIMO interference channels are applied to radar sensor networks, and for self-managing purpose, interference management in MIMO interference channels is critical. Interference alignment (IA) has the potential to dramatically improve system throughput by effectively mitigating interference in multi-user networks at high signal-to-noise (SNR). However, the implementation of IA predominantly relays on perfect and global channel state information (CSI) at all transceivers...
2016: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
Hemanth Narayan Shetty, Vishal Koonoor
BACKGROUND: Past research has reported that children with repeated occurrences of otitis media at an early age have a negative impact on speech perception at a later age. The present study necessitates documenting the temporal and spectral processing on speech perception in noise from normal and atypical groups. OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the relation between speech perception in noise and temporal; and spectral processing abilities in children with normal and atypical groups...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Chandrakala Bv, Indira Devi K, Snr Naveen, Kanaka Mahalakshmi A, Lakshmi Sowjanya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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