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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436101/systematic-review-on-evidence-based-adolescent-nutrition-interventions
#1
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is a critical stage in the life cycle, and adequate nutrition is necessary for the proper growth and development of individuals and their offspring. Here, we comprehensively review all published systematic reviews (through October 2016) on adolescents (10-19 years) and women of reproductive age, including pregnant women, which targeted interventions related to nutrition. For interventions where there was no existing systematic review on adolescents, we reviewed primary studies/trials. We included interventions on micronutrient supplementation (iron, folic acid, iron-folic acid (IFA), calcium, vitamin D, vitamin A, zinc, iodine, and multiple micronutrients), food/protein energy supplementation, nutrition education for pregnant adolescents, obesity prevention and management, and management of gestational diabetes...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427962/first-report-of-a-rickettsia-asembonensis-related-infecting-fleas-in-brazil
#2
Arannadia Barbosa Silva, Vinicius Figueiredo Vizzoni, Andréa Pereira Costa, Francisco Borges Costa, Jonas Moraes-Filho, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Gilberto Salles Gazêta, Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira
The present study was performed in a non-endemic area for spotted fever (SF) in Imperatriz microregion, state of Maranhão, Brazil. Blood samples and ectoparasites were collected from 300 dogs of the Imperatriz microregion. Canine serum samples were tested individually by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA), using five Rickettsia isolates from Brazil. Antibodies reactive to at least one of the five species of Rickettsia were detected in 1.6% of the dogs (5/300). These sera were considered reactive to Rickettsia rickettsii and Rickettsia amblyommatis or very closely related species...
April 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426751/the-role-of-microsporidian-polar-tube-protein-4-ptp4-in-host-cell-infection
#3
Bing Han, Valérie Polonais, Tatsuki Sugi, Rama Yakubu, Peter M Takvorian, Ann Cali, Keith Maier, Mengxian Long, Matthew Levy, Herbert B Tanowitz, Guoqing Pan, Frédéric Delbac, Zeyang Zhou, Louis M Weiss
Microsporidia have been identified as pathogens that have important effects on our health, food security and economy. A key to the success of these obligate intracellular pathogens is their unique invasion organelle, the polar tube, which delivers the nucleus containing sporoplasm into host cells during invasion. Due to the size of the polar tube, the rapidity of polar tube discharge and sporoplasm passage, and the absence of genetic techniques for the manipulation of microsporidia, study of this organelle has been difficult and there is relatively little known regarding polar tube formation and the function of the proteins making up this structure...
April 20, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412548/internal-image-anti-idiotypic-antibody-a-new-strategy-for-the-development-a-new-category-of-prolactin-receptor-prlr-antagonist
#4
Hainan Lan, Pan Hong, Ruonan Li, Suo L, Shan Anshan, Steven Li, Xin Zheng
Over the past decades, a number of prolactin receptor (PRLR) antagonists have been developed, which can be divided into two categories, PRLR analogue and anti-PRLR antibody. However, until now, there have been no commercially available PRLR antagonists. Here, we described a new approach for the preparation of PRLR antagonist, namely internal image anti-idiotypic antibody strategy. The hybridoma technique was used to generate anti-idiotypic antibodies to PRL. Competitive ELISA, competitive receptor-binding analysis and immunofluorescence assay (IFA) were then used to screen and characterize anti-idiotypic antibodies to PRL...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406909/sustained-effectiveness-of-weekly-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-and-regular-deworming-over-6-years-in-women-in-rural-vietnam
#5
Gerard J Casey, Ta T Tinh, Nong T Tien, Sarah Hanieh, Luca T Cavalli-Sforza, Antonio Montresor, Beverley-Ann Biggs
BACKGROUND: Weekly iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation and regular deworming is effective for the prevention of iron deficiency and anaemia in women of child-bearing age. Between 2006 and 2013, a program of weekly IFA and biannual deworming was implemented in Yen Bai province, Vietnam. In this study we aimed to determine the effectiveness of the program in reducing anaemia and the prevalence of hookworm infection after 72 months (six years). METHODS: This prospective cohort study followed up a cohort of 389 women of child-bearing age from baseline until six years after the introduction of the weekly IFA (one tablet containing 200 mg ferrous sulphate, 0...
April 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400226/in-vitro-effect-of-human-cathelicidin-antimicrobial-peptide-ll-37-on-dengue-virus-type-2
#6
K Alagarasu, P S Patil, P Shil, M Seervi, M B Kakade, H Tillu, A Salunke
Human Cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide LL-37 is known to have antiviral activity against many viruses. In the present study, we investigated the in-vitro effect of LL-37 on dengue virus type 2 (DENV-2) infection and replication in Vero E6 cells. To study the effect of pretreatment of virus or cells with LL-37, the virus was pretreated with different concentrations of LL-37 (2.5μM-15μM) or scrambled (Scr) LL-37(5μM-15μM) and used for infection or the cells were first treated with LL-37 and infected. To study the effect of LL-37 post infection (PI), the cells were infected first followed by addition of LL-37 to the culture medium 24h after infection...
April 9, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388817/social-and-demographic-correlates-of-male-androgen-levels-in-wild-white-faced-capuchin-monkeys-cebus-capucinus
#7
Franka S Schaebs, Susan E Perry, Don Cohen, Roger Mundry, Tobias Deschner
The Challenge Hypothesis, designed originally to explain the patterning of competitive behavior and androgen levels in seasonally breeding birds, predicts that males will increase their androgen levels in order to become more competitive in reproductive contexts. Here we test predictions derived from the Challenge Hypothesis in white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus), a species that has somewhat seasonal reproduction. We analyzed demographic and hormonal data collected over a 5.25-year period, from 18 males in nine social groups living in or near Lomas Barbudal Biological Reserve, Costa Rica...
April 7, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382892/effect-of-12-month-intervention-with-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-on-the-physical-activity-of-malawian-toddlers-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
A Pulakka, Y B Cheung, K Maleta, K G Dewey, C Kumwenda, J Bendabenda, U Ashorn, P Ashorn
Physical activity is beneficial for children's well-being. The effect of dietary supplementation on children's physical activity in food-insecure areas remains little studied. We examined the effects of a lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) on children's objectively measured physical activity in a randomised, controlled, outcome-assessor-blinded trial. Mothers of the children received one capsule daily of Fe-folic acid (IFA), one capsule containing eighteen micronutrients (MMN) or one 20 g sachet of LNS (containing twenty-two MMN, protein, carbohydrates, essential fatty acids and 494 kJ (118 kcal)) during pregnancy and for 6 months thereafter...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378240/candida-albicans-germ-tube-antibody-evaluation-of-a-new-automatic-assay-for-diagnosing-invasive-candidiasis-in-icu-patients
#9
Manuel Parra-Sánchez, Ismail Zakariya-Yousef Breval, Carmen Castro Méndez, Silvia García-Rey, Ana Loza Vazquez, Alejandro Úbeda Iglesias, Desiree Macías Guerrero, Ana Romero Mejías, Cristobal León Gil, Estrella Martín-Mazuelos
Testing for Candida albicans germ-tube antibody IFA IgG assay (CAGTA) is used to detect invasive candidiasis infection. However, most suitable assays lack automation and rapid single-sample testing. The CAGTA assay was adapted in an automatic monotest system (invasive candidiasis [CAGTA] VirClia(®) IgG monotest (VirClia(®)), a chemiluminescence assay with ready-to-use reagents that provides a rapid objective result. CAGTA assay was compared with the monotest automatic VirClia(®) assay in order to establish the diagnostic reliability, accuracy, and usefulness of this method...
April 4, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371462/issue-information-ifa
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370721/detection-and-imaging-of-thermochromic-ink-compounds-in-erasable-pens-using-desorption-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-desi-ms
#11
Amin Khatami, Shamina S Prova, Aafreen Bagga, Michelle Ting, Gurnoor Brar, Demian R Ifa
RATIONALE: Thermochromic ink pens are widely accessible worldwide and have gained popularity among the general public. These pens are very useful to undo mistakes while writing important documents or exams. They are also, however, extensively misused in committing crimes such as counterfeiting checks or wills. Thus, the forensics community is in need of techniques that will allow these forgeries to be detected rapidly, reliably and conveniently. METHODS: Thermochromic ink compounds were investigated using Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) coupled with an LTQ mass spectrometer and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)...
March 30, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357676/porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-virus-like-particles-produced-in-insect-cells-induce-specific-immune-responses-in-mice
#12
Cuiling Wang, Feihu Yan, Xuexing Zheng, Hualei Wang, Hongli Jin, Chong Wang, Yongkun Zhao, Na Feng, Tiecheng Wang, Yuwei Gao, Songtao Yang, Xianzhu Xia
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), which causes 80-100% mortality in neonatal piglets, is one of the most devastating viral diseases affecting swine worldwide. To date, the lack of effective vaccines and drugs is the main problem preventing control of the global spread of PEDV. In this study, we produced PEDV virus-like particles (VLPs) composed of S, M, and E proteins with a baculovirus expression system and tested them via indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA)and Western blot analysis. Electron microscopy showed that the morphological structure of the PEDV VLPs was similar to that of the protovirus...
March 29, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357658/serological-and-molecular-methods-to-study-epidemiological-aspects-of-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-infection
#13
Olivier Cassar, Antoine Gessain
We estimated that at least 5-10 million individuals are infected with HTLV-1. Importantly, this number is based on the study of nearly 1.5 billion people living in known human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) endemic areas, for which reliable epidemiological data are available. However, for some highly populated regions including India, the Maghreb, East Africa, and some regions of China, no consistent data are yet available which prevents a more accurate estimation. Thus, the number of HTLV-1 infected people in the world is probably much higher...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340426/porcine-parvovirus-induces-activation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathways-in-pk-15-cells-mediated-by-toll-like-receptors
#14
Liyan Cao, Jianfei Chen, Yanwu Wei, Hongyan Shi, Xin Zhang, Jing Yuan, Da Shi, Jianbo Liu, Xiangdong Zhu, Xin Wang, Shangjin Cui, Li Feng
Porcine parvovirus (PPV) is a pathogenic factor that primarily induces severe reproductive failure of pregnant swine, which results in extensive losses to the swine industry worldwide. In this study, a potential mechanism of PPV-induced activation of the nuclear transcription factor-kappaB (NF-κB) by infection in porcine kidney cells (PK-15) was elucidated for the first time. The subcellular localization of p65 analyzed by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) showed that PPV infection induced p65 translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333859/multicenter-prospective-study-for-laboratory-diagnosis-of-hhv8-infection-in-solid-organ-donors-and-transplant-recipients-and-evaluation-of-the-clinical-impact-after-transplantation
#15
Angela Chiereghin, Patrizia Barozzi, Evangelia Petrisli, Giulia Piccirilli, Liliana Gabrielli, Giovanni Riva, Leonardo Potenza, Gianni Cappelli, Nicola De Ruvo, Irene Libri, Umberto Maggiore, Maria Cristina Morelli, Luciano Potena, Paola Todeschini, Dino Gibertoni, Manuel Labanti, Gabriela Sangiorgi, Gaetano La Manna, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Mario Luppi, Tiziana Lazzarotto
BACKGROUND: We performed serological and molecular pretransplant screening in solid organ transplant (SOT) donors and recipients in north-central Italy and a surveillance program for human herpes virus 8 (HHV8) infection after transplant, aiming to establish an optimal management of HHV8 infection in SOT recipients. METHODS: For pretransplant HHV8 screening in both donors and recipients, 6 serological (4 indirect immunofluorescent assays (IFA) and 2 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) - both HHV8 lytic and latent antigen-based) and 2 molecular assays were used...
March 22, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332274/time-course-expression-qtl-atlas-of-the-global-transcriptional-response-of-wheat-to-fusarium-graminearum
#16
Mina Samad-Zamini, Wolfgang Schweiger, Thomas Nussbaumer, Klaus F X Mayer, Hermann Buerstmayr
Fusarium head blight is a devastating disease of small grain cereals such as bread wheat (Triticum aestivum). The pathogen switches from a biotrophic to a nectrotrophic lifestyle in course of disease development forcing its host to adapt its defence strategies. Using a genetical genomics approach we illustrate genome-wide reconfigurations of genetic control over transcript abundances between two decisive time points after inoculation with the causative pathogen Fusarium graminearum. Whole transcriptome measurements have been recorded for 163 lines of a wheat doubled haploid population segregating for several resistance genes yielding 15 552 at 30 hours and 15 888 eQTL at 50 hours after inoculation...
March 23, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297162/issue-information-ifa
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286760/the-effect-of-different-attentional-focus-instructions-during-finger-movement-tasks-in-healthy-subjects-an-exploratory-study
#18
Giacomo Rossettini, Marco Testa, Marco Vicentini, Paolo Manganotti
External focus of attention (EFA) and internal focus of attention (IFA) represent commonly used strategies to instruct subjects during exercise. Several studies showed EFA to be more effective than IFA to improve motor performance and learning. To date the role of these strategies on motor performance during finger movement was less studied. The objective of the study was to investigate motor performance, patient's preference induced by IFA and EFA, and the focus during control condition. Ten healthy right-handed participants performed a finger movement task in control, EFA, and IFA conditions (counterbalanced)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275128/home-fortification-during-the-first-1000-d-improves-child-development-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#19
Susana L Matias, Malay K Mridha, Fahmida Tofail, Charles D Arnold, Md Showkat A Khan, Zakia Siddiqui, Md Barkat Ullah, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Nutrition during the first 1000 d is critical for brain development.Objective: We evaluated the effects on child development of home fortification with lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) for mothers and/or children or micronutrient powder (MNP) for children.Design: We conducted a cluster-randomized effectiveness trial with 4 arms: 1) LNSs during pregnancy and the first 6 mo postpartum and LNSs for the offspring from 6 to 24 mo (LNS-LNS), 2) iron and folic acid (IFA) during pregnancy and the first 3 mo postpartum and LNSs for the children from 6 to 24 mo (IFA-LNS), 3) IFA (as above) and MNP for the offspring from 6 to 24 mo (IFA-MNP), and 4) IFA (as above) and no child supplement (IFA-Control)...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275125/lipid-based-nutrient-supplementation-in-the-first-1000-d-improves-child-growth-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-trial
#20
Kathryn G Dewey, Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Charles D Arnold, Joseph R Cummins, Md Showkat Ali Khan, Zeina Maalouf-Manasseh, Zakia Siddiqui, Md Barkat Ullah, Stephen A Vosti
Background: Stunting in linear growth occurs mainly during the first 1000 d, from conception through 24 mo of age. Despite the recognition of this critical period, there have been few evaluations of the growth impact of interventions that cover most of this window.Objective: We evaluated home fortification approaches for preventing maternal and child undernutrition within a community-based health program. We hypothesized that small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs) provided to women during pregnancy and the first 6 mo postpartum, LNSs provided to their offspring from 6 to 24 mo of age, or both would result in greater child length-for-age z score (LAZ) at 24 mo than iron and folic acid (IFA) provided to women during pregnancy and postpartum plus micronutrient powder (MNP) or no supplementation for their offspring from 6 to 24 mo...
March 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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