keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IFA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531854/achieve-efficient-nitrogen-removal-from-real-sewage-in-a-plug-flow-integrated-fixed-film-activated-sludge-ifas-reactor-via-partial-nitritation-anammox-pathway
#1
Yandong Yang, Liang Zhang, Jun Cheng, Shujun Zhang, Baikun Li, Yongzhen Peng
This study tested the feasibility of plug-flow integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) reactor in applying sewage partial nitritation/anammox (PN/A) process. The IFAS reactor was fed with real pre-treated sewage (C/N ratio=1.3) and operated for 200days. High nitrogen removal efficiency of 82% was achieved with nitrogen removal rates of 0.097±0.019kgN/(m(3)·d). Therefore, plug-flow IFAS reactor could be an alternative to applying sewage PN/A process. Besides, it was found that the stability of sewage PN/A process was significantly affected by residual ammonium...
May 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511688/predictors-of-adherence-to-micronutrient-supplementation-before-and-during-pregnancy-in-vietnam
#2
Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Melissa Fox Young, Kimberly B Harding, Greg Reinhart, Hieu Nguyen, Meredith Nechitillo, Truong V Truong, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette M Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to micronutrient supplementation often limits the effectiveness of public health programs. While predictors of adherence to micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy are well documented, information on adherence to preconception supplements is scarce. The objective of this study was to describe the predictors of adherence to preconception and prenatal micronutrient supplementation among women participating in a randomized control trial in Vietnam. METHODS: Adherence data were collected prospectively from a double blind randomized controlled trial in rural Vietnam...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502308/-preparation-and-identification-of-monoclonal-antibody-against-h1n1-influenza-virus
#3
Yang Liu, Xiangrong Zhao, Chunyan Guo, Yan Li, Guanghua Wang, Daoyan Liang, Pengbo Yu, Yuan Li, Jun Hu
Objective To prepare the monoclonal antibody (mAb) against influenza A virus (H1N1) using purified viral particles as antigen and investigate the characterization of host cells infected with influenza virus utilizing the mAb. Methods A/PR/8 (H1N1) virus was cultured in embryonated chicken eggs and further purified by differential and density gradient centrifugation. The structure of viral particles was identified by transmission electron microcopy (TEM). Immunogenicity of purified virus was evaluated by Balb/c mice immunized with formalin-inactivated virus...
May 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490714/the-seroprevalence-of-bartonella-henselae-in-healthy-adults-in-korea
#4
Hea Yoon Kwon, Jae Hyoung Im, Sun Myoung Lee, Ji Hyeon Baek, Areum Durey, Shin-Goo Park, Jae-Seung Kang, Jin-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cat-scratch disease (CSD), caused by Bartonella henselae is one of the most common zoonosis. However, only several cases of B. henselae infection have been reported in Korea. This study investigated the seroprevalence of B. henselae in healthy adults and related risk factors. METHODS: Serum samples from 300 healthy participants were analyzed using an immunoglobulin G immunof luorescence assay (IFA) for B. henselae isolated in Korea. Surveys on the risk factors for B...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489886/bystander-activation-of-irrelevant-cd4-t-cells-following-antigen-specific-vaccination-occurs-in-the-presence-and-absence-of-adjuvant
#5
Susan van Aalst, Irene S Ludwig, Ruurd van der Zee, Willem van Eden, Femke Broere
Autoimmune and other chronic inflammatory diseases (AID) are prevalent diseases which can severely impact the quality of life of those that suffer from the disease. In most cases, the etiology of these conditions have remained unclear. Immune responses that take place e.g. during natural infection or after vaccination are often linked with the development or exacerbation of AID. It is highly debated if vaccines induce or aggravate AID and in particular adjuvants are mentioned as potential cause. Since vaccines are given on a large scale to healthy individuals but also to elderly and immunocompromised individuals, more research is warranted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481911/adenovirus-vectored-novel-african-swine-fever-virus-antigens-elicit-robust-immune-responses-in-swine
#6
Shehnaz Lokhandwala, Suryakant D Waghela, Jocelyn Bray, Neha Sangewar, Chloe Charendoff, Cameron L Martin, Wisam S Hassan, Tsvetoslav Koynarski, Lindsay Gabbert, Thomas G Burrage, David Brake, John Neilan, Waithaka Mwangi
African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) is a high-consequence transboundary animal pathogen that often causes hemorrhagic disease in swine with a case fatality rate close to 100%. Lack of treatment or vaccine for the disease makes it imperative that safe and efficacious vaccines are developed to safeguard the swine industry. In this study, we evaluated the immunogenicity of seven adenovirus-vectored novel ASFV antigens, namely A151R, B119L, B602L, EP402RΔPRR, B438L, K205R and A104R. Immunization of commercial swine with a cocktail of the recombinant adenoviruses formulated in adjuvant primed strong ASFV antigen-specific IgG responses that underwent rapid recall upon boost...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479401/development-of-monoclonal-antibodies-against-igm-of-half-smooth-tongue-sole-cynoglossus-semilaevis-and-analysis-of-phagocytosis-of-fluorescence-microspheres-by-migm-lymphocytes
#7
Shun Yang, Xiaoqian Tang, Xiuzhen Sheng, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
In this work, the two positive hybridomas designated as 1B2 and 2G9 secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against half-smooth tongue sole IgM were produced and then cloned by limited dilution. Western blotting showed that MAbs 1B2 and 2G9 could specifically react with the heavy and light chains of IgM, respectively. The indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) showed that green fluorescent signals were detected on the membrane of lymphocytes, which indicated that membrane-bound IgM (mIgM) could be recognized by both MAbs 1B2 and 2G9...
May 4, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479174/identification-of-a-defined-linear-epitope-in-the-ospa-protein-of-the-lyme-disease-spirochetes-that-elicits-bactericidal-antibody-responses-implications-for-vaccine-development
#8
Jerilyn R Izac, Lee D Oliver, Christopher G Earnhart, Richard T Marconi
The lipoprotein OspA is produced by the Lyme disease spirochetes primarily in unfed ticks. OspA production is down-regulated by the blood meal and it is not produced in mammals except for possible transient production during late stage infection in patients with Lyme arthritis. Vaccination with OspA elicits antibody (Ab) that can target spirochetes in the tick midgut during feeding and inhibit transmission to mammals. OspA was the primary component of the human LYMErix™ vaccine. LYMErix™ was available from 1998 to 2002 but then pulled from the market due to declining sales as a result of unsubstantiated concerns about vaccination induced adverse events and poor efficacy...
May 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474508/complete-freund-s-adjuvant-induces-experimental-autoimmune-myocarditis-by-enhancing-il-6-production-during-initiation-of-the-immune-response
#9
Jillian A Fontes, Jobert G Barin, Monica V Talor, Natalie Stickel, Julie Schaub, Noel R Rose, Daniela Čiháková
INTRODUCTION: Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) emulsified with an antigen is a widely used method to induce autoimmune disease in animal models, yet the contribution of CFA to the immune response is not well understood. We compared the effectiveness of CFA with Incomplete Freund's Adjuvant (IFA) or TiterMax Gold Adjuvant (TMax) in experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in male mice. METHODS: EAM was induced in A/J, BALB/c, and IL6KO BALB/c male mice by injection of the myocarditogenic peptide in CFA, IFA, or TMax on days 0 and 7...
June 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472850/issue-information-ifa
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472219/effects-of-prenatal-micronutrients-supplementation-on-spontaneous-preterm-birth-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#11
Zhiwen Li, Zuguo Mei, Le Zhang, Hongtian Li, Yali Zhang, Nan Li, Rongwei Ye, Aiguo Ren, Jian-Meng Liu, Mary K Serdula
In this secondary analysis of a double-blind randomized controlled trial in northern China, we aim to assess the effect of multiple micronutrients (MMN) or iron-folic acid (IFA) vs. folic acid alone (FA) on spontaneous preterm birth(SPB), and the impact of supplementation timing on SPB. 18,775 nulliparous pregnant women enrolled between 2006 and 2009 were randomly assigned to receive daily FA, IFA, or MMN from before 20 gestational weeks until delivery. The incidence of SPB for women consuming FA, IFA and MMN was 5...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468154/anthropometric-outcome-measures-in-patients-with-metopic-craniosynostosis
#12
Scott J Farber, Dennis C Nguyen, Gary B Skolnick, Sybill D Naidoo, Matthew D Smyth, Kamlesh B Patel
PURPOSE: Treatment of metopic craniosynostosis is performed by either fronto-orbital advancement (FOA) or endoscopic-assisted techniques. Interfrontal angle (IFA) is a validated measure of trigonocephaly, but requires a computed tomography scan. The most common direct measure to assess surgical outcome in patients with trigonocephaly is frontal width (ft-ft). The aim of this study is to determine if frontal width correlates with IFA and successful surgical correction 1 year after treatment...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468076/-recombinant-expression-of-hantaan-virus-protein-n-with-application-of-western-blot-in-detecting-anti-hantavirus-antibody
#13
P P Yao, F Xu, Y S Sun, Z R Yang, Y Zhang, M Yue, H P Zhu
Objective: S gene of hantavirus(HV) was expressed in insect cells by genetic engineering technology. The expression product of S gene was used as antigen to detect anti-HV specific antibody IgG in serum. Methods: Gene encoding NP of the strain HV-Z10 was amplified by PCR and then its eukaryotic expression system rBAC-Z10S-TN was constructed by using the routine genetic engineering method. SDS-PAGE was applied to measure the expression of rNP.Ion-exchange plus Ni-NTA-affinity chromatography was performed to purify the recombinant product...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456028/bacterial-community-structure-and-removal-performances-in-ifas-mbrs-a-pilot-plant-case-study
#14
Giorgio Mannina, Marco Capodici, Alida Cosenza, Paolo Cinà, Daniele Di Trapani, Anna Maria Puglia, George A Ekama
The paper reports the results of an experimental campaign carried out on a University of Cape Town (UCT) integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) membrane bioreactor (MBR) pilot plant. The pilot plant was analysed in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nutrients removal, kinetic/stoichiometric parameters, membrane fouling and sludge dewaterability. Moreover, the cultivable bacterial community structure was also analysed. The pilot plant showed excellent COD removal efficiency throughout experiments, with average value higher than 98%, despite the slight variations of the influent wastewater...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448211/prevalence-and-geographic-distribution-of-vector-borne-pathogens-in-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-croatia
#15
Vladimir Mrljak, Josipa Kuleš, Željko Mihaljević, Marin Torti, Jelena Gotić, Martina Crnogaj, Tatjana Živičnjak, Iva Mayer, Iva Šmit, Mangesh Bhide, Renata Barić Rafaj
Vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) are a group of globally extended and quickly spreading pathogens that are transmitted by various arthropod vectors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence against Babesia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Leishmania infantum, Dirofilaria immitis, and Ehrlichia canis in dogs in Croatia. We investigated 435 randomly selected apparently healthy dogs in 13 different locations of Croatia for antibodies to B. canis by indirect immunofluorescence using a commercial IFA IgG Antibody Kit...
April 27, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438220/anaplasma-spp-in-dogs-and-owners-in-north-western-morocco
#16
Sarah Elhamiani Khatat, Sylvie Daminet, Malika Kachani, Christian M Leutenegger, Luc Duchateau, Hamid El Amri, Mony Hing, Rahma Azrib, Hamid Sahibi
BACKGROUND: Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an emerging tick-borne zoonotic pathogen of increased interest worldwide which has been detected in northern Africa. Anaplasma platys is also present in this region and could possibly have a zoonotic potential. However, only one recent article reports on the human esposure to A. phagocytophilum in Morocco and no data are available on canine exposure to both bacteria. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study aiming to assess both canine and human exposure to Anaplasma spp...
April 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436101/systematic-review-on-evidence-based-adolescent-nutrition-interventions
#17
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is a critical stage in the life cycle, and adequate nutrition is necessary for the proper growth and development of individuals and their offspring. Here, we comprehensively review all published systematic reviews (through October 2016) on adolescents (10-19 years) and women of reproductive age, including pregnant women, which targeted interventions related to nutrition. For interventions where there was no existing systematic review on adolescents, we reviewed primary studies/trials. We included interventions on micronutrient supplementation (iron, folic acid, iron-folic acid (IFA), calcium, vitamin D, vitamin A, zinc, iodine, and multiple micronutrients), food/protein energy supplementation, nutrition education for pregnant adolescents, obesity prevention and management, and management of gestational diabetes...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427962/first-report-of-a-rickettsia-asembonensis-related-infecting-fleas-in-brazil
#18
Arannadia Barbosa Silva, Vinicius Figueiredo Vizzoni, Andréa Pereira Costa, Francisco Borges Costa, Jonas Moraes-Filho, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Gilberto Salles Gazêta, Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira
The present study was performed in a non-endemic area for spotted fever (SF) in Imperatriz microregion, state of Maranhão, Brazil. Blood samples and ectoparasites were collected from 300 dogs of the Imperatriz microregion. Canine serum samples were tested individually by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA), using five Rickettsia isolates from Brazil. Antibodies reactive to at least one of the five species of Rickettsia were detected in 1.6% of the dogs (5/300). These sera were considered reactive to Rickettsia rickettsii and Rickettsia amblyommatis or very closely related species...
April 17, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426751/the-role-of-microsporidian-polar-tube-protein-4-ptp4-in-host-cell-infection
#19
Bing Han, Valérie Polonais, Tatsuki Sugi, Rama Yakubu, Peter M Takvorian, Ann Cali, Keith Maier, Mengxian Long, Matthew Levy, Herbert B Tanowitz, Guoqing Pan, Frédéric Delbac, Zeyang Zhou, Louis M Weiss
Microsporidia have been identified as pathogens that have important effects on our health, food security and economy. A key to the success of these obligate intracellular pathogens is their unique invasion organelle, the polar tube, which delivers the nucleus containing sporoplasm into host cells during invasion. Due to the size of the polar tube, the rapidity of polar tube discharge and sporoplasm passage, and the absence of genetic techniques for the manipulation of microsporidia, study of this organelle has been difficult and there is relatively little known regarding polar tube formation and the function of the proteins making up this structure...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412548/internal-image-anti-idiotypic-antibody-a-new-strategy-for-the-development-a-new-category-of-prolactin-receptor-prlr-antagonist
#20
Hainan Lan, Pan Hong, Ruonan Li, Suo L, Shan Anshan, Steven Li, Xin Zheng
Over the past decades, a number of prolactin receptor (PRLR) antagonists have been developed, which can be divided into two categories, PRLR analogue and anti-PRLR antibody. However, until now, there have been no commercially available PRLR antagonists. Here, we described a new approach for the preparation of PRLR antagonist, namely internal image anti-idiotypic antibody strategy. The hybridoma technique was used to generate anti-idiotypic antibodies to PRL. Competitive ELISA, competitive receptor-binding analysis and immunofluorescence assay (IFA) were then used to screen and characterize anti-idiotypic antibodies to PRL...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Immunology
keyword
keyword
101424
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"