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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#1
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420322/epidemiology-of-paediatric-renal-stone-disease-a-22-year-single-centre-experience-in-the-uk
#2
Naomi Issler, Stephanie Dufek, Robert Kleta, Detlef Bockenhauer, Naima Smeulders, William Van't Hoff
BACKGROUND: Whilst still rare, the incidence of paediatric stone disease is increasing in developed countries and it is important to evaluate the aetiology. We set up a dedicated renal stone service for children combining medical and surgical expertise in 1993 and now have a large case series of children to investigate the epidemiology. METHODS: A retrospective hospital note review of children presenting with kidney stones during the last 22 years (1993-2015) was conducted...
April 18, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417045/a-turning-point-for-paediatric-developmental-services-in-oman-establishment-of-a-national-autism-screening-programme
#3
Watfa Al-Mamari, Ahmed B Idris, Muna Al-Jabri, Ahlam Abdelsattar, Fatma Al-Hinai, Moza Al-Hatmi, Amira Al-Raidan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416561/requirements-for-and-current-provision-of-rehabilitation-services-for-children-after-severe-acquired-brain-injury-in-the-uk-a-population-based-study
#4
Louise Hayes, Simon Shaw, Mark S Pearce, Rob J Forsyth
OBJECTIVES: Survival with brain injury is an outcome of severe illness that may be becoming more common. Provision for children in this situation has received little attention. We sought to estimate rates of severe paediatric acquired brain injury (ABI) requiring rehabilitation and to describe current provision of services for these children in the UK. METHODS: This study conducted an analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics data between April 2003 and March 2012, supplemented by a UK provider survey completed in 2015...
April 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412958/supporting-parents-in-taking-care-of-their-infants-admitted-to-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-cohort-pilot-study
#5
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maria Svelto, Maurizio Giordano, Desiree Sordino, Marina Riccitelli
BACKGROUND: Family-Centred Care (FCC) is recognized as an important component of all paediatric care, including neonatal care, although practical clinical guidelines to support this care model are still needed in Italy. The characteristics and services for families in Italian NICUs show a lack of organization and participation. METHODS: The first aim was to compare satisfaction and stress levels in two groups of parents: an FCC group and a non-FCC group (NFCC). The second aim was to evaluate body weight gain in the newborns enrolled...
April 17, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412944/length-of-paediatric-inpatient-stay-socio-economic-status-and-hospital-configuration-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Michelle Heys, Matthew Rajan, Mitch Blair
BACKGROUND: Variation in paediatric inpatient length of stay exists - whether this is driven by differences in patient characteristics or health service delivery is unclear. We will test the hypotheses that higher levels of deprivation are associated with prolonged length of stay and that differences in prolonged length of stay across 2 hospitals will be explained by demographic, clinical and process factors. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 2889 children aged less than 16 years admitted from 1st April 2009 to 30(th) March 2010...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410792/accuracy-of-pecarn-catch-and-chalice-head-injury-decision-rules-in-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Franz E Babl, Meredith L Borland, Natalie Phillips, Amit Kochar, Sarah Dalton, Mary McCaskill, John A Cheek, Yuri Gilhotra, Jeremy Furyk, Jocelyn Neutze, Mark D Lyttle, Silvia Bressan, Susan Donath, Charlotte Molesworth, Kim Jachno, Brenton Ward, Amanda Williams, Amy Baylis, Louise Crowe, Ed Oakley, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision rules can help to determine the need for CT imaging in children with head injuries. We aimed to validate three clinical decision rules (PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE) in a large sample of children. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we included children and adolescents (aged <18 years) with head injuries of any severity who presented to the emergency departments of ten Australian and New Zealand hospitals. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of PECARN (stratified into children aged <2 years and ≥2 years), CATCH, and CHALICE in predicting each rule-specific outcome measure (clinically important traumatic brain injury [TBI], need for neurological intervention, and clinically significant intracranial injury, respectively)...
April 11, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403414/a-national-survey-of-videolaryngoscopy-in-the-united-kingdom
#8
T M Cook, F E Kelly
Background.: There are increasing numbers of videolaryngoscopes marketed and increasing interest in the technology. The Difficult Airway Society's 2015 guidelines recommend that videolaryngoscopes should be immediately available at all times and that all anaesthetists should be trained and skilled in their use. Methods.: An electronic survey was sent to all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine availability, use, and attitudes to videolaryngoscopy, and closed in January 2014...
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395677/tuberous-sclerosis-complex-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-the-clinical-presentation-features
#9
E Kija, B Schlegel, P Samia, M Wessels, J M Wilmshurst
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic neurocutaneous condition, which affects multiple organ systems. This study aimed to determine the presenting features of children with TSC in Cape Town, South Africa. A cross-sectional study was conducted at a TSC clinic, and clinical features at presentation were prospectively collected. Thirty-nine children (23 boys; median age 10 (range 1 - 26) years; median diagnosis age 16 (0 - 153) months) were recruited. Twenty-one (54%) children presented with focal seizures...
March 29, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389437/paediatric-hypoglycaemia-are-we-investigating-appropriately-and-adequately
#10
Louise Ramsden, Katherine Wright, Anuja Natarajan
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric hypoglycaemia is a relatively common medical emergency. To allow identification of the underlying cause, investigations need to be performed urgently prior to treatment being given. Careful consideration is needed to ensure correct patient selection, as inadequate investigations have further cost and patient safety implications. METHODS: 49 cases of proven or suspected hypoglycaemia (glucose ≤2.6 mmol/L) were identified via the laboratory...
April 6, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388947/prevalence-of-and-barriers-to-the-disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-infected-children-and-adolescents-in-a-district-of-ghana
#11
Eric Gyamfi, Paul Okyere, Acheampong Enoch, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong
BACKGROUND: Globally there are about 3.3million children under the age of 15 years living with HIV. Of this number, 88% live in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ghana, an estimated 33,000 children were said to be living with the HIV infection in 2012. Lack of disclosure adversely affects the well-being of the child, including access to paediatric HIV treatment and care and adherence to treatment. However, the greatest psychosocial challenges that parents and caregivers of HIV-infected children face is disclosure of HIV status to their infected children...
April 8, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384146/effect-of-house-officer-clerking-on-short-term-outcomes-in-paediatric-orthopaedic-patients
#12
Yassar Alamri
AIM: Children who are admitted with acute orthopaedic problems are often fit and healthy. The house officer (ie, intern) is required to carry out the formal clerking/admission of inpatients. However, they are often also busy with sick ward patients, which leads to delays in formal clerking of these children until after they have been to the operating theatre (OT). The aim of this study was to assess what information, if any, is missed in children who were seen by a house officer prior to going to OT, compared to those who were not...
April 7, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383095/dentists-perception-of-primary-health-care-services-in-family-health-and-mother-and-child-health-clinics-in-alexandria-egypt
#13
Maha El Tantawi, Maha A El-Din Hamza, Marwa M Sabry
This study compared dentists' perceptions of provided services in Family Health (FH) and Mother and Child Health (MCH) clinics. A questionnaire was distributed to 120 dentists in 7 FH and 4 MCH clinics in Alexandria, Egypt in 2012. The questionnaire assessed personal and professional background, perceptions of primary health care (PHC) role, types of services provided, patient recall and referral systems and perception of service quality. The response rate was 100%. More FH dentists perceived their role to include providing care for children and pregnant women...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377450/specialist-paediatric-palliative-care-services-what-are-the-benefits
#14
Sarah Mitchell, Andrew Morris, Karina Bennett, Laiba Sajid, Jeremy Dale
BACKGROUND: The number of children and young people (CYP) living with life-limiting and life-threatening conditions is rising. Paediatric palliative care is a relatively new aspect of healthcare, the delivery of which is variable, with a wide range of healthcare and voluntary sector providers involved. Policy recommendations are for Specialist Paediatric Palliative Care (SPPC) services to be supported by a physician with specialist training. AIM: To examine the research evidence regarding the distinct benefits of SPPC services, with 'Specialist Paediatric Palliative Care' defined as palliative care services supported by a specialist physician...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349529/continuous-chest-compression-versus-interrupted-chest-compression-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-of-non-asphyxial-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#15
REVIEW
Lei Zhan, Li J Yang, Yu Huang, Qing He, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death worldwide. Cardiac arrest can be subdivided into asphyxial and non asphyxial etiologies. An asphyxia arrest is caused by lack of oxygen in the blood and occurs in drowning and choking victims and in other circumstances. A non asphyxial arrest is usually a loss of functioning cardiac electrical activity. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a well-established treatment for cardiac arrest. Conventional CPR includes both chest compressions and 'rescue breathing' such as mouth-to-mouth breathing...
March 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347624/efficacy-and-safety-of-normal-saline-instillation-and-paediatric-endotracheal-suction-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Jessica O'Leary, Marion L Mitchell, Marie Cooke, Andreas Schibler
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise research findings regarding the efficacy and safety of normal saline instillation (NSI) during endotracheal suction in the paediatric intensive care unit. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, PROSPERO, the National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, PubMed and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL) databases were systematically searched. Subject headings included "suctioning, endotracheal", "suction", "sodium chloride", "normal saline" and "paediatrics"...
March 24, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334466/home-care-services-for-sick-children-healthcare-professionals-conceptions-of-challenges-and-facilitators
#17
Charlotte Castor, Inger Hallström, Helena Hansson, Kajsa Landgren
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore healthcare professionals' conceptions of caring for sick children in home care services. BACKGROUND: Families often prefer home care to hospital care and the number of home care services for children is increasing. Caring for children at home has been recognised as challenging for healthcare professionals in home care services used to providing care predominately for adults. DESIGN: An inductive qualitative design...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326571/family-centred-service-differences-in-what-parents-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy-rate-important
#18
M Terwiel, M W Alsem, R C Siebes, K Bieleman, M Verhoef, M Ketelaar
BACKGROUND: A family-centred approach to services of children with disabilities is widely accepted as the foundational approach to service delivery in paediatric health care. The 56 items of the Measure of Processes of Care questionnaire (MPOC-56) all reflect elements of family-centred service. In this study, we investigated which elements of family-centred service are rated important by parents of children with cerebral palsy by adding a question on importance to each item of the MPOC-56 (MPOC-56-I)...
March 22, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315728/can-ambulance-telephone-triage-using-nhs-pathways-accurately-identify-paediatric-cardiac-arrest
#19
Charles D Deakin, Simon England, Debbie Diffey, Ian Maconochie
BACKGROUND: Most out-of-hospital paediatric cardiac arrests (CA) are not identified until a call is made to the emergency medical services. Accurate identification increases overall survival by enabling immediate ambulance dispatch and delivery of bystander CPR. European ambulance services use a variety of didactic telephone scripts to interrogate the caller and rapidly identify paediatric CA. The performance of these scripts has not been reported. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the NHS Pathways as a telephone triage tool to identify patients less than 16 years age in cardiac arrest...
March 16, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294395/child-mental-health-behaviours-that-predicted-the-use-of-health-services-in-wales-from-2011-2014
#20
Ivy Shiue
In 2014 Basa et al (1) reported an alarming increase in paediatric mental disorders in North Wales from 1994-2008 (1). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between mental health and health service use in children, using the annual Welsh Health Survey, and update the evidence. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
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