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Young adult perspections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128225/a-longitudinal-study-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-english-dairy-farms-practices-and-factors-associated-with-first-lactation-heifer-exposure-to-ostertagia-ostertagi-on-pasture
#1
C Bellet, M J Green, A J Bradley, J Kaler
The gastrointestinal nematode Ostertagia ostertagi is an important cause of lost production, health, and welfare in cattle. Detailed records were obtained over a 5-yr period (2010-2015) by questionnaires and qualitative interviews to investigate the practices adopted by dairy farmers to control cattle helminth infections and the factors associated with heifer exposure to O. ostertagi on pasture. In total, 1,454 heifers' individual milk samples were collected over a 1-yr period (2014-2015) in 43 dairy farms in England and tested for O...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122799/qualitative-study-to-understand-the-barriers-to-recruiting-young-people-with-cancer-to-brightlight-a-national-cohort-study-in-england
#2
Charlotte Kenten, Ana Martins, Lorna A Fern, Faith Gibson, Sarah Lea, Nothando Ngwenya, Jeremy S Whelan, Rachel M Taylor
OBJECTIVES: BRIGHTLIGHT is a national evaluation of cancer services for teenagers and young adults in England. Following challenges with recruitment, our aim was to understand more fully healthcare professionals' perspectives of the challenges of recruiting young people to a low-risk observational study, and to provide guidance for future recruitment processes. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in England...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119542/how-do-we-get-there-effects-of-cognitive-aging-on-route-memory
#3
Mary O'Malley, Anthea Innes, Jan M Wiener
Research into the effects of cognitive aging on route navigation usually focuses on differences in learning performance. In contrast, we investigated age-related differences in route knowledge after successful route learning. One young and two groups of older adults categorized using different cut-off scores on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), were trained until they could correctly recall short routes. During the test phase, they were asked to recall the sequence in which landmarks were encountered (Landmark Sequence Task), the sequence of turns (Direction Sequence Task), the direction of turn at each landmark (Landmark Direction Task), and to identify the learned routes from a map perspective (Perspective Taking Task)...
November 8, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115986/the-breaking-and-making-of-healthy-adult-human-skeletal-muscle-in-vivo
#4
Abigail L Mackey, Michael Kjaer
BACKGROUND: While muscle regeneration has been extensively studied in animal and cell culture models, in vivo myogenesis in adult human skeletal muscle has not been investigated in detail. METHODS: Using forced lengthening contractions induced by electrical stimulation, we induced myofibre injury in young healthy males. Muscle biopsies were collected from the injured leg 7 and 30 days after muscle injury and from the uninjured leg as a control. Immuno-stained single muscle fibres and muscle cross sections were studied by wide-field and confocal microscopy...
November 7, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109377/sensitizing-black-adult-and-youth-consumers-to-targeted-food-marketing-tactics-in-their-environments
#5
Katherine Isselmann DiSantis, Shiriki Kumanyika, Lori Carter-Edwards, Deborah Rohm Young, Sonya A Grier, Vikki Lassiter
Food marketing environments of Black American consumers are heavily affected by ethnically-targeted marketing of sugar sweetened beverages, fast foods, and other products that may contribute to caloric overconsumption. This qualitative study assessed Black consumers' responses to targeted marketing. Black adults (2 mixed gender groups; total n = 30) and youth (2 gender specific groups; total n = 35) from two U.S. communities participated before and after a sensitization procedure-a critical practice used to understand social justice concerns...
October 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106316/applying-social-network-analysis-to-identify-the-social-support-needs-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#6
Kolina Koltai, Casey Walsh, Barbara Jones, Brenda L Berkelaar
PURPOSE: This article examines how theoretical and clinical applications of social network analysis (SNA) can inform opportunities for innovation and advancement of social support programming for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients and survivors. APPLICATIONS: SNA can help address potential barriers and challenges to initiating and sustaining AYA peer support by helping to identify the diverse psychosocial needs among individuals in the AYA age range; find strategic ways to support and connect AYAs at different phases of the cancer trajectory with resources and services; and increase awareness of psychosocial resources and referrals from healthcare providers...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104555/merging-theoretical-models-and-therapy-approaches-in-the-context-of-internet-gaming-disorder-a-personal-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Kimberly S Young, Matthias Brand
Although, it is not yet officially recognized as a clinical entity which is diagnosable, Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been included in section III for further study in the DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013). This is important because there is increasing evidence that people of all ages, in particular teens and young adults, are facing very real and sometimes very severe consequences in daily life resulting from an addictive use of online games. This article summarizes general aspects of IGD including diagnostic criteria and arguments for the classification as an addictive disorder including evidence from neurobiological studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092713/randomized-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-nurse-led-group-support-for-young-mothers-during-pregnancy-and-the-first-year-postpartum-versus-usual-care
#8
Jacqueline Barnes, Jane Stuart, Elizabeth Allen, Stavros Petrou, Joanna Sturgess, Jane Barlow, Geraldine Macdonald, Helen Spiby, Dipti Aistrop, Edward Melhuish, Sung Wook Kim, Diana Elbourne
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a significant public health problem. Group Family Nurse Partnership (gFNP) is a new intervention for young, expectant mothers implemented successfully in pilot studies. This study was designed to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of gFNP in reducing risk factors for maltreatment with a potentially vulnerable population. METHODS: A multi-site, randomized controlled, parallel-arm trial and prospective economic evaluation was conducted, with allocation via remote randomization (minimization by site, maternal age group) to gFNP or usual care...
November 1, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091716/identification-of-two-types-of-ggaa-microsatellites-and-their-roles-in-ews-fli-binding-and-gene-regulation-in-ewing-sarcoma
#9
Kirsten M Johnson, Cenny Taslim, Ranajeet S Saund, Stephen L Lessnick
Ewing sarcoma is a bone malignancy of children and young adults, frequently harboring the EWS/FLI chromosomal translocation. The resulting fusion protein is an aberrant transcription factor that uses highly repetitive GGAA-containing elements (microsatellites) to activate and repress thousands of target genes mediating oncogenesis. However, the mechanisms of EWS/FLI interaction with microsatellites and regulation of target gene expression is not clearly understood. Here, we profile genome-wide protein binding and gene expression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082531/looking-back-to-move-forward-reflections-and-lessons-learned-about-transitions-to-adulthood-for-youth-with-disabilities
#10
T Nguyen, D Stewart, J W Gorter
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood is a significant development process experienced by all youth. Since the mid 1990s, researchers at the CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research have been studying this process to assist transitioning youth with disabilities and their families. The objective of this narrative review is to reflect on the work conducted by CanChild researchers, in collaboration with stakeholders, about transitions to adulthood for youth and young adults with disabilities since the publication of the best practice guidelines in 2009...
October 29, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067520/how-preschoolers-and-adults-represent-their-joint-action-partner-s-behavior
#11
Lucia Maria Sacheli, M Meyer, E Hartstra, H Bekkering, S Hunnius
We investigated the cognitive mechanisms underlying turn-taking joint action in 42-month-old children (Experiment 1) and adults (Experiment 2) using a behavioral task of dressing a virtual bear together. We aimed to investigate how participants represent a partners' behavior, i.e., in terms of specific action kinematics or of action effects. The bear was dressed by pressing a smaller and a bigger button. In the Action-response task, instructions asked participants to respond to the partner by pressing the same or opposite button; in the Action-effect task they had to respond to the partner's action effect by dressing the bear with the lacking part of the clothing, which in some cases implied pressing the same button and in other cases implied pressing the opposite button...
October 24, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056836/prevention-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-children-and-young-adults
#12
Aapo L Aro, Sumeet S Chugh
In the present review, we summarize current approaches to the prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in children and young adults, focusing on age less than 35 years. SCD in the young is rare, but devastating from the societal perspective. While coronary artery disease is the main etiology of SCD in the older age groups, conditions such as cardiomyopathies and electrical channelopathies are more likely to be found in the young. In the majority of younger cases, cardiac arrest can be the first recognized manifestation of the underlying cardiac pathology, although some have experienced cardiovascular symptoms prior to the SCD...
June 2017: Progress in Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043489/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-apis-mellifera-antennae-of-workers-performing-different-tasks
#13
Hongyi Nie, Shupeng Xu, Cuiqin Xie, Haiyang Geng, Yazhou Zhao, Jianghong Li, Wei-Fone Huang, Yan Lin, Zhiguo Li, Songkun Su
Honey bee is a social insect. Its colony is mainly coordinated by the chemical signals such as pheromones produced by queen or brood. Correspondingly, the worker bee developed numerous complicated olfactory sensilla in antennae for detection of these colony chemical signals and nectar/pollen signals in foraging. With the normal development of new emerged workers, young adults (nurse bee) worked in colony at the first 2-3 weeks and then followed by the foraging activity outside of the hive, which give rise to great change of the surrounding chemical signals...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041826/use-of-acellular-pertussis-vaccines-in-the-united-states-can-we-do-better
#14
Nicola P Klein, Ousseny Zerbo
Despite robust vaccination schedules and high vaccination rates, many countries, including the U.S., have seen large pertussis outbreaks with a shift in recent years in the distribution of disease burden towards adolescents and young adults. Areas covered: This perspective covers problems related to the increased incidence of pertussis among adolescents. Because the Tdap vaccine only protects against pertussis for 1-2 years after vaccination, we propose a new strategy which aims to optimize the benefit of Tdap in adolescents...
October 20, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032639/long-term-mental-well-being-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-venous-thromboembolism-results-from-a-multistage-mixed-methods-study
#15
Anette Arbjerg Højen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Pia Sander Dreyer, Mette Søgaard, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen
BACKGROUND: Critical and chronic illness in youth can lead to impaired mental well-being. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially traumatic and life-threatening condition. Nonetheless, the long-term mental well-being of adolescents and young adults (AYAS) with VTE is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term mental well-being of AYAS (13-33 years) diagnosed with VTE. METHODS: We performed a multistage mixed method study based on data from the Danish nationwide health registries, and semi-structured interviews with 12 AYAS diagnosed with VTE...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032184/exploring-young-adult-perspectives-on-the-use-of-gamification-and-social-media-in-a-smartphone-platform-for-improving-vegetable-intake
#16
Monica Marina Nour, Anika Saiyara Rouf, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
Young adults are the poorest consumers of vegetables. Social media and smartphones are frequently used by this demographic and could serve as an engaging medium for nutrition promotion. Five focus groups were conducted to capture participants' perceptions of a theory-based gamified self-monitoring app for improving vegetable intake of young adults. Ranking activities were used to gather feedback on preferences for social media posts. Data arising from group discussion were analysed using NVivo software using a deductive approach to group common ideas into themes...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020791/parents-and-young-adults-perspectives-on-transition-outcomes-for-young-adults-with-autism
#17
Collette Sosnowy, Chloe Silverman, Paul Shattuck
Existing research shows that young adults with autism spectrum disorder have poorer outcomes than their peers with other developmental disabilities in the key areas of independent living, postsecondary education, and employment. However, we understand little about how young adults with autism and their families understand and value outcomes and whether these indicators match their goals and aspirations. We interviewed parents (n = 21) and young adults with autism spectrum disorder (n = 20) about their experiences with the transition to adulthood to understand what they consider to be desirable outcomes and how they seek to achieve them...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018568/person-focused-care-for-young-people-with-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases-young-rheumatologists-and-eular-young-pare-perspectives
#18
Alessia Alunno, Paul Studenic, Elena Nikiphorou, Petra Balážová, Linda van Nieuwkoop, Sofia Ramiro, Francesco Carubbi, Christophe Richez, Nele Caeyers, Laure Gossec, Marios Kouloumas
In recent years, the evolution of healthcare challenged the management of people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). From disease-centred care to person-focused care, a holistic approach along with patient empowerment about their disease, improved the physician-patient relationship and allowed to achieve better outcomes with lower healthcare costs. Nevertheless, RMDs may occur from childhood to the old age and to date very few studies have addressed the needs and priorities of young people with RMDs...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991132/a-new-lease-on-life-preliminary-needs-assessment-for-the-development-of-a-survivorship-program-for-young-adult-survivors-of-cancer-in-south-texas
#19
Susanne Schmidt, L Aubree Shay, Harriet V King, Jordan Buckley, Leanne Embry, Helen M Parsons
Priorities for young adult survivorship care from the survivors' perspective are not well documented. To address this within our patient population, we conducted a multimethod needs assessment of young adult survivors of pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancer in South Texas to get a better understanding of the ongoing challenges and priorities for their survivorship needs and related services. Participants were 18 to 39 years at the time of the needs assessment and predominately Hispanic. In an online survey, survivors most commonly cited being concerned about their physical and mental health, long-term treatment effects, recurrence, and health insurance issues...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988178/effect-of-socio-demographic-factors-on-the-association-between-multimorbidity-and-healthcare-costs-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Kednapa Thavorn, Colleen J Maxwell, Andrea Gruneir, Susan E Bronskill, YuQing Bai, Anna J Koné Pefoyo, Yelena Petrosyan, Walter P Wodchis
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the attributable costs of multimorbidity and assess whether the association between the level of multimorbidity and health system costs varies by socio-demographic factors in young (<65 years) and older (≥65 years) adults living in Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: A population-based, retrospective cohort study SETTING: The province of Ontario, Canada PARTICIPANTS: 6 639 089 Ontarians who were diagnosed with at least one of 16 selected medical conditions on 1 April 2009...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
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