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Young adult perspections

Turid Midjo, Karin Ellingsen Aune
This article explores the self-constructions of young adults with mild intellectual disabilities in talk about their everyday living and how parents and professionals construct young adults with disabilities in talk about their involvement in transition processes. The analysis is related to an interpretive tradition and conducted based on individual interviews with four young adults with mild intellectual disability, five parents of young adults with mild intellectual disabilities and five professionals in the adult service system...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
Kathryn V Blake
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Poor adherence to asthma controller medications, particularly inhaled corticosteroids, has been well known for decades and is a major cause of uncontrolled asthma and increased healthcare utilization. This review presents recent evidence on factors leading to nonadherence in specific age groups, parents of young children, adolescents and young adults, adults, and the elderly. Novel management strategies including electronic sensors with associated smart phone applications for adherence improvement are discussed...
October 15, 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Brian E Perron, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Trenette Clark Goings
INTRODUCTION: Prior research has often overlooked potential cohort differences in marijuana views and use across adolescence and young adulthood. To begin to address this gap, we conduct an exploratory examination of marijuana views and use among American youth using a panel of cross-sectional surveys. METHOD: Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected annually from adolescents (ages 12-17; n=230,452) and young adults (ages 18-21; n=120,588) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014...
October 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Gillian Fergie, Kate Hunt, Shona Hilton
Social media offer opportunities to both produce and consume content related to health experiences. However, people's social media practices are likely to be influenced by a range of individual, social and environmental factors. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore how engagement with user-generated content can support people with long-term health conditions, and what limits users' adoption of these technologies in the everyday experience of their health condition. Forty semi-structured interviews were conducted with young adults, aged between 18 and 30 years, with experience of diabetes or a common mental health disorder (CMHD)...
October 8, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Pierre Bordaberry, Christian Gerlach, Quentin Lenoble
: Background/Study Context: The objective of this study was to investigate the object recognition deficit in aging. Age-related declines were examined from the presemantic account of category effects (PACE) theory perspective (Gerlach, 2009, Cognition, 111, 281-301). This view assumes that the structural similarity/dissimilarity inherent in living and nonliving objects, respectively, can account for a wide range of category-specific effects. METHODS: In two experiments on object recognition, young (36 participants, 18-27 years) and older (36 participants, 53-69 years) adult participants' performances were compared...
October 2016: Experimental Aging Research
Brittani Crook, Brad Love
The young adult (YA) cancer community represents an understudied population in interpersonal and health communication scholarship. Through qualitative analysis, this study sought to advance a dark side perspective by exploring the content of messages shared in an online support forum for YAs with cancer. Our findings highlight a variety of complexities YAs face in an online cancer support community, including the light and dark of soliciting support, disclosing to a community, advocacy online, negative sentiment evaluating health care services, and asynchronous communication...
October 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
P Mortier, K Demyttenaere, R P Auerbach, P Cuijpers, J G Green, G Kiekens, R C Kessler, M K Nock, A M Zaslavsky, R Bruffaerts
BACKGROUND: College students are a worldwide increasing group of young people at risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STB). However, no previous studies have prospectively investigated the first onset of STB during the college period. METHODS: Using longitudinal data from the Leuven College Surveys, 2337 (response rate [RR]=66.6%) incoming freshmen provided baseline data on STB, parental psychopathology, childhood-adolescent traumatic experiences, 12-month risk for mental disorders, and 12-month stressful experiences...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Alan G Wade, Gordon M Crawford, David Young, Joyce Leman, Neil Pumford
BACKGROUND: Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network and National Institute of Health and Care Excellence guidelines stress the importance of assessing patients with psoriasis for psoriatic arthritis, comorbidities associated with severe disease and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the primary care management of psoriasis in relation to disease severity and QoL from a patient's perspective. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of adults (≥18 years) with psoriasis managed in primary care was conducted in Scotland over 1-year (2012-2013)...
October 14, 2016: BMC Family Practice
Habib Niyaraq Nobakht, Karl Yngvar Dale
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of Deliberate self-harm and its relationship to childhood and recent trauma and different patterns of dissociative features. 100 men and 100 women among college students were administered a 58-item questionnaire designed to detect the extent of dissociation, Deliberate self-harm and trauma history, respectively. Participants with Deliberate self-harm behaviors reported more traumatic experiences and dissociative features than participants without such behaviors...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Stephanie H Cook, Pamela Valera, Benjamin J Calebs, Patrick A Wilson
Objective: The present study examined the moderating effect of adult attachment on the association between childhood traumatic experiences, (i.e., physical abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and being bullied), age of childhood traumatic experience, and young adult depression symptoms among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Method: Self-report measures of attachment, childhood traumatic experiences, and depression symptoms were collected from a community-based sample of YBGBM living in New York City (n = 228)...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
David J Collins, Aine Macnamara, Neil McCarthy
There seems to be general agreement on the importance of challenge for effective development on the athlete pathway. What seems less coherent, however, are ideas on how much, when and how this challenge should be used. Reflecting our own experience as applied practitioners and our ongoing research, we offer a perspective on this work from a practitioner stance. The literature suggests that differences between levels of adult achievement relate more to what performers bring to the challenges than what they experience...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Tao Chen, Lu-Lu Liu, Ji-Fang Cui, Xing-Jie Chen, Ya Wang
Time perspective is a fundamental dimension of the psychological time construct, with a pervasive and powerful influence on human behavior. However, the developmental trajectory of time perspective across a human lifespan remains unclear. The current study aimed to portray the developmental trajectory of all dimensions of time perspectives from children to older adults in a large sample. A total of 1,901 individuals (aged 9-84 years) completed measures of time perspective. They were then divided into five age groups: children, teenagers, young adults, middle-aged adults, and older adults...
October 8, 2016: PsyCh Journal
Ilene L Hollin, Caroline Young, Caroline Hanson, John F P Bridges, Holly Peay
OBJECTIVES: To provide a community-engaged process to inform the design of a stated-preferences experiment. The process involved integrating patients and caregivers of people with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy, advocates, clinicians, and the sponsor in conceptualizing and developing a benefit-risk survey on the basis of phase III trial results. METHODS: Our community-engagement process for the development of a stated-preference survey included a set of five guiding principles with a foundation in the principles of community-engaged research...
September 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Matthew D Johnson, Rebecca M Horne, Adam M Galovan
Drawing from a relational developmental systems (RDS) perspective (Lerner, Agans, DeSouza, & Gasca, 2013) and data from 1,427 continuously partnered young adult and midlife mixed-sex couples over the first 5 years of the German Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics (pairfam), this study examined the developmental course of supportive dyadic coping, or the frequency with which one provides practical and emotional support when his or her partner encounters stress. Latent change score (LCS) modeling results revealed that supportive dyadic coping gradually declined for both male and female partners, but there was significant diversity underlying these trajectories...
October 6, 2016: Developmental Psychology
Hye Lim Jang, Jung Yoon Cho, Mi Jin Kim, Eun Jeong Kim, Eun Young Park, Sung Ae Park, In Young Kim, Yong Sung Choi, Chong Woo Bae, Sung Hoon Chung
Human milk banks are a solution for mothers who cannot supply their own breast milk to their sick or hospitalized infants; premature infants, in particular, are unable to receive a full volume of breast milk for numerous reasons. As of December 2015, there was only one milk bank in a university hospital in Korea. We reviewed the basic characteristics of donors and recipients, and the amounts and contamination of breast milk donated at the Human Milk Bank in Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong in Korea from 2008 to 2015...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Young-Eun Kim, Ye-Rin Lee, So-Youn Park, Kyung Suk Lee, In-Hwan Oh
Background. Otitis media (OM) is a common communicable disease that is associated with a substantial economic burden. However, no Korean studies have evaluated OM-related trends after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. Purpose. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and economic burden of OM in Korea using nationally representative data. Methods. The burden of OM was estimated nationally representative data such as national health insurance claims data from 2012, based on the prevalence approach and the societal perspective...
2016: BioMed Research International
Soyong Eom, Rochelle Caplan, Anne T Berg
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the reported association between pediatric epilepsy and behavioral problems may be distorted by the use of parental proxy report instruments. STUDY DESIGN: Children in the Connecticut Study of Epilepsy were assessed 8-9 years after their epilepsy diagnosis (time-1) with the parent-proxy Child Behavior Check List (CBCL) (ages 6-18 years) or the Young Adult Self-Report (≥18 years of age). For children <18 years of age, parents also completed the Child Health Questionnaire, which contains scales for impact of child's illness on the parents...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
L Wang, C Fan, T Tao, W Gao
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in people of Asian descent that have reported to demonstrate the distinct developmental trends in good self-control and poor control. To fill this gap, we conducted a national cross-sectional survey among adolescents and young adults in China to further clarify the age and gender differences in self-control from a dual-systems perspective. METHODS: A total of 2910 adolescents (female, n = 1698) and their parents from five different provinces in China were surveyed using the Dual-Modes of Self-Control Scale (DMSC-S) and the Parents' Perceived Self-Control Scale...
October 2, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
S Combaluzier, B Gouvernet, F Menant, A Rezrazi
OBJECTIVE: Since the publication of the DSM-5 (APA, 2013), the dimensional conception of the personality disorders is co-existing with the classical categorical paradigm. Tools have been proposed for the evaluations of five big pathological factors to be explored further according to the APA (negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, psychoticism). Despite numerous works using these questionnaires (30 works in 3 years according to Al-Adjani et al., 2015), none of them have yet been translated into French...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
Anette Alvariza, Malin Lövgren, Tove Bylund-Grenklo, Pia Hakola, Carl Johan Fürst, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: The loss of a parent to cancer is considered one of the most traumatic events a teenager can experience. Studies have shown that teenagers, from the time of diagnosis, are already extremely worried about the consequences of a parent's cancer but tend to be left to manage these concerns on their own. The present study aimed to explore young adults' advice to healthcare professionals on how to support teenagers who are losing a parent to cancer. METHODS: This work derives from a Swedish nationwide survey and employs a qualitative approach with a descriptive/interpretive design to obtain answers to an open-ended question concerning advice to healthcare professionals...
October 3, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
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