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Young adult perspections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645086/toddler-exposure-to-flame-retardant-chemicals-magnitude-health-concern-and-potential-risk-or-protective-factors-of-exposure-observational-studies-summarized-in-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Eva J Sugeng, Marijke de Cock, Linda J Schoonmade, Margot van de Bor
Endocrine disrupting flame retardant (FR) chemicals form a human health concern, that is investigated mostly from the perspective of adult- and early life exposure. No overview of studies on toddler exposure and health effects exist. However, toddlerhood is a critical developmental period and toddlers are at increased risk for exposure because of their age-specific behavior. This systematic review encompasses toddler FR exposure studies in three countries, associated health effects and potential environmental, demographic, or behavioral risk- or protective factors for toddler exposure...
June 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643400/a-study-of-regulatory-policies-and-relevant-issues-concerning-electronic-cigarette-use-in-taiwan
#2
Tzuu Hwa Jiang, Li Min Cheng, Matthew A Hawkins
Recent technological innovations have increased the amount of tobacco products available to smokers. In particular, electronic cigarettes, sometimes call e-cigarettes, have received substantial attention as their sales have rapidly increased. Electronic cigarettes were invented in China and now have become prevalent worldwide. Electronic cigarettes can be considered fashionable and come in numerous flavors; accordingly, many young adults and students have begun to use e-cigarettes. However, like traditional tobacco products, e-cigarettes have negative influences on human health...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637291/pediatric-to-adult-care-transition-perspectives-of-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#3
Jerlym S Porter, Kimberly M Wesley, Mimi S Zhao, Rebecca J Rupff, Jane S Hankins
The aim of this study was to explore perspectives of transition and transition readiness of young adult patients (YAs) with sickle cell disease (SCD) who have transitioned to adult health care. In all, 19 YAs with SCD (ages 18-30 years) participated in one of three focus groups and completed a brief questionnaire about transition topics. Transcripts were coded and emergent themes were examined using the social-ecological model of adolescent and young adult readiness for transition (SMART). Themes were consistent with most SMART components...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629138/alcohol-warnings-and-moderate-drinking-patterns-among-italian-university-students-an-exploratory-study
#4
Azzurra Annunziata, Riccardo Vecchio, Angela Mariani
The introduction of health warnings on labels to correct externalities associated with alcohol consumption is heavily debated and has been explored from different perspectives. The current paper aims to analyse the interest and attitudes of Italian university students regarding health warnings on alcoholic beverages and to verify the existence of segments that differ in terms of attitudes towards such warnings. Our results show that young consumers consider health warnings quite important, although the degree of perceived utility differs in relation to the type of warning...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627904/the-development-of-real-time-stability-supports-visual-working-memory-performance-young-children-s-feature-binding-can-be-improved-through-perceptual-structure
#5
Vanessa R Simmering, Chelsey M Wood
Working memory is a basic cognitive process that predicts higher-level skills. A central question in theories of working memory development is the generality of the mechanisms proposed to explain improvements in performance. Prior theories have been closely tied to particular tasks and/or age groups, limiting their generalizability. The cognitive dynamics theory of visual working memory development has been proposed to overcome this limitation. From this perspective, developmental improvements arise through the coordination of cognitive processes to meet demands of different behavioral tasks...
June 19, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626432/visible-social-interactions-do-not-support-the-development-of-false-belief-understanding-in-the-absence-of-linguistic-input-evidence-from-deaf-adult-homesigners
#6
Deanna L Gagne, Marie Coppola
Congenitally deaf individuals exhibit enhanced visuospatial abilities relative to normally hearing individuals. An early example is the increased sensitivity of deaf signers to stimuli in the visual periphery (Neville and Lawson, 1987a). While these enhancements are robust and extend across a number of visual and spatial skills, they seem not to extend to other domains which could potentially build on these enhancements. For example, congenitally deaf children, in the absence of adequate language exposure and acquisition, do not develop typical social cognition skills as measured by traditional Theory of Mind tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623384/the-role-of-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-for-decision-making-in-patients-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#7
REVIEW
Frederic Dallaire, Rachel M Wald, Ariane Marelli
Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease. As a result of the surgical strategies employed at the time of initial repair, chronic pulmonary regurgitation (PR) is prevalent in this population. Despite sustained research efforts, patient selection and timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) to address PR in young asymptomatic patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) remain a fundamental but as yet unanswered question in the field of congenital heart disease...
June 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622193/the-lifestyle-information-and-intervention-preferences-of-teenage-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#8
Gemma Pugh, Rachael Hough, Helen Gravestock, Jessica B Haddrell, Rebecca J Beeken, Abigail Fisher
BACKGROUND: Little is currently known about how best to promote healthy lifestyle choices among teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer survivors. Such data gathered from a patient-centered perspective are instrumental for the development of health behavior change interventions for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the lifestyle information needs of TYA cancer survivors and their preferences regarding lifestyle information and intervention delivery...
June 15, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619530/neural-networks-underlying-language-and-social-cognition-during-self-other-processing-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Rajesh K Kana, Emma B Sartin, Carl Stevens, Hrishikesh D Deshpande, Christopher Klein, Mark R Klinger, Laura Grofer Klinger
The social communication impairments defining autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may be built upon core deficits in perspective-taking, language processing, and self-other representation. Self-referential processing entails the ability to incorporate self-awareness, self-judgment, and self-memory in information processing. Very few studies have examined the neural bases of integrating self-other representation and semantic processing in individuals with ASD. The main objective of this functional MRI study is to examine the role of language and social brain networks in self-other processing in young adults with ASD...
June 12, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617094/connecting-with-healthcare-providers-at-diagnosis-adolescent-young-adult-cancer-survivors-perspectives
#10
Celeste R Phillips, Joan E Haase, Marion E Broome, Janet S Carpenter, Richard M Frankel
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer are a vulnerable and underserved population. AYAs' cancer survivorship is complicated by physical and psychosocial late effects which requires long-term follow-up. Connectedness with healthcare providers (HCPs) is a protective factor that may improve long-term follow-up behaviours of AYAs. However, little is known about AYAs' experiences connecting with HCPs. The purpose of this study was to describe AYA cancer survivors' experiences connecting with HCPs. This empirical phenomenological study interviewed nine AYA cancer survivors diagnosed during adolescence...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617075/follow-up-of-young-adults-with-adhd-in-the-mta-design-and-methods-for-qualitative-interviews
#11
Thomas S Weisner, Desiree W Murray, Peter S Jensen, John T Mitchell, James M Swanson, Stephen P Hinshaw, Karen Wells, Lily Hechtman, Brooke S G Molina, L Eugene Arnold, Page Sorensen, Annamarie Stehli
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative interviews with 183 young adults (YA) in the follow-up of the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children With and Without ADHD (MTA) provide rich information on beliefs and expectations regarding ADHD, life's turning points, medication use, and substance use (SU). METHOD: Participants from four MTA sites were sampled to include those with persistent and atypically high SU, and a local normative comparison group (LNCG). Respondents were encouraged to "tell their story" about their lives, using a semistructured conversational interview format...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615000/-a-tribe-apart-sexuality-and-cancer-in-adolescence
#12
Nancy J Moules, Andrew Estefan, Catherine M Laing, Fiona Schulte, Gregory M T Guilcher, James C Field, Douglas Strother
This qualitative study employed hermeneutic phenomenology and narrative inquiry to examine the topic of sexuality and adolescents with cancer from the perspectives of survivors who had experienced cancer as adolescents. This investigation examined the potentially sensitive, disquieting, and often taboo issue of sexuality in the interest of optimizing wellness in young people, and, ultimately, in the health of adults. Understanding the adolescent body as a sensitive, sexual, and developing self can enrich our understanding of adolescent cancer and promote best health care and practices, examining ways that we might mitigate the long-term effects of arrested or delayed development of sexual identity...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614811/effects-of-dehydration-on-brain-functioning-a-life-span-perspective
#13
Nathalie Pross
BACKGROUND: In the last 10 years, there has been an increase in the publication of literature dealing with the effects of mild dehydration on cognition in healthy adults. Fewer studies, leading to less consistent data, involved other age groups. SUMMARY: In healthy young adults refraining from drinking or participating in dehydration protocols, it was found that mild dehydration had no impact on performance, whereas the mood was widely impaired. Several studies have also been conducted in young children either as observational studies or as interventional studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611699/the-age-effects-on-the-cognitive-processes-of-intention-based-and-stimulus-based-actions-an-erp-study
#14
Ya-Nan Niu, Xinyi Zhu, Juan Li
The functional decline in action among older adults is caused not only by physical weakness but also by cognitive decline. In this study, we aimed to compare the cognitive effects of age between intention-based and stimulus-based action modes electrophysiologically. Because age-related declines in cognitive function might proceed distinctly according to specific action modes and processes, four specific cognitive processes, action-effect binding, stimulus-response linkage, action-effect feedback control, and effect-action retrieval, were investigated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606210/impulsivity-as-a-mechanism-linking-child-abuse-and-neglect-with-substance-use-in-adolescence-and-adulthood
#15
Assaf Oshri, Steve M Kogan, Josephine A Kwon, K A S Wickrama, Lauren Vanderbroek, Abraham A Palmer, James MacKillop
Emerging developmental perspectives suggest that adverse rearing environments promote neurocognitive adaptations that heighten impulsivity and increase vulnerability to risky behavior. Although studies document links between harsh rearing environments and impulsive behavior on substance use, the developmental hypothesis that impulsivity acts as mechanism linking adverse rearing environments to downstream substance use remains to be investigated. The present study investigated the role of impulsivity in linking child abuse and neglect with adult substance use using data from (a) a longitudinal sample of youth (Study 1, N = 9,421) and (b) a cross-sectional sample of adults (Study 2, N = 1,011)...
June 13, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599768/exposure-to-science-perspectives-on-science-and-religion-and-religious-commitment-in-young-adulthood
#16
Jeremy E Uecker, Kyle C Longest
Social scientists know very little about the consequences of exposure to scientific knowledge and holding different perspectives on science and religion for individuals' religious lives. Drawing on secularization and post-secular theories, we develop and test several hypotheses about the relationships among exposure to scientific knowledge, perspectives on religion and science, and religious commitment using panel data from the National Study of Youth and Religion. Our findings indicate that religious faith is strongest among young adults who: (1) accommodate scientific knowledge into their religious perspective, or (2) reject scientific knowledge that directly contradicts their religious beliefs about the origins of the world...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599384/adolescent-and-parent-perspectives-prior-to-involvement-in-a-fontan-transition-program
#17
Karin du Plessis, Evelyn Culnane, Rebecca Peters, Yves d'Udekem
Background Successful transition to adult healthcare is particularly important for congenital heart disease (CHD) patients who have undergone palliative surgery, as they risk adverse events if not followed closely. This study examines young people at the worst end of the CHD spectrum who are born with a single ventricle (pumping heart chamber), and who undergo a series of operations that culminate in the Fontan surgical procedure. Purpose To explore adolescents with a Fontan circulation, and their parents', readiness for transition to adult care and pre-implementation of a transition program...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593427/drinking-and-exercise-behaviors-among-college-students-between-and-within-person-associations
#18
Ana M Abrantes, Matthew D Scalco, Sara O'Donnell, Haruka Minami, Jennifer P Read
Prior work has suggested a paradoxical positive relationship between the risk behavior alcohol use and the health behavior exercise, particularly in young adults. Though seldom tested, different theoretical perspectives exist on the mechanisms that may explain the positive relationship. The aims of this study were to test theorized mechanisms of association, including common causes shared by both behaviors (e.g., personality, motives, affective), compensatory processes such as exercising to compensate for calories from alcohol consumption, and methodological confounds (e...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590896/social-representation-of-loud-music-in-young-adults-a-cross-cultural-study
#19
Vinaya Manchaiah, Fei Zhao, Stephen Widen, Jasmin Auzenne, Eldré W Beukes, Tayebeh Ahmadi, David Tomé, Deepthi Mahadeva, Rajalakshmi Krishna, Per Germundsson
BACKGROUND: Exposure to recreational noise, particularly music exposure, is considered one of the biggest public health hazards of our time. Some important influencing factors such as socioeconomic status, educational background, and cross-cultural perspectives have previously been found to be associated with attitudes toward loud music and the use of hearing protection. Although culture seems to play an important role, there is relatively little known about how it influences perceptions regarding loud music exposure in young adults...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590816/found-in-transition
#20
Nicholas Medforth, Elaine Huntingdon
The journey to adulthood is complex and multi-dimensional. Young people may be independent in some spheres of their lives, but dependent in others. For young people with a disability, long-term condition, or mental health problem there are additional hurdles. As they move between health and social care services, they will find significant differences in expectations, delivery, and culture. At the same time, their own needs will be evolving. Despite a great deal of guidance on effective transition support, in 2014, England's Care Quality Commission highlighted a shortfall between policy and practice...
June 7, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
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