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Young adult perspections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911740/the-puzzle-of-visual-development-behavior-and-neural-limits
#1
Lynne Kiorpes
The development of visual function takes place over many months or years in primate infants. Visual sensitivity is very poor near birth and improves over different times courses for different visual functions. The neural mechanisms that underlie these processes are not well understood despite many decades of research. The puzzle arises because research into the factors that limit visual function in infants has found surprisingly mature neural organization and adult-like receptive field properties in very young infants...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910173/facilitators-and-barriers-to-person-centred-care-in-child-and-young-people-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review
#2
Dawid Gondek, Julian Edbrooke-Childs, Tjasa Velikonja, Louise Chapman, Felicity Saunders, Daniel Hayes, Miranda Wolpert
: Implementation of person-centred care has been widely advocated across various health settings and patient populations, including recent policy for child and family services. Nonetheless, evidence suggests that service users are rarely involved in decision-making, whilst their preferences and goals may be often unheard. The aim of the present research was to systematically review factors influencing person-centred care in mental health services for children, young people and families examining perspectives from professionals, service users and carers...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900392/is-personality-a-driving-force-for-socioeconomic-differences-in-young-adults-health-care-use-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Maren Kraft, Koos Arts, Tanja Traag, Ferdy Otten, Hans Bosma
OBJECTIVES: To relate personality characteristics at the age of 12 to socioeconomic differences in health care use in young adulthood. And thereby examining the extent to which socioeconomic differences in the use of health care in young adulthood are based on differences in personality characteristics, independent of the (parental) socioeconomic background. METHODS: Personality of more than 13,000 Dutch 12-year old participants was related to their health and socioeconomic position after a follow-up of 13 years (when the participants had become young adults)...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898458/smoking-status-and-opioid-related-problems-and-concerns-among-men-and-women-on-chronic-opioid-therapy
#4
Kelly C Young-Wolff, Daniella Klebaner, Constance Weisner, Michael Von Korff, Cynthia I Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Smokers on chronic opioid therapy for non-cancer pain use prescription opioids at higher dosages and are at increased risk for opioid misuse and dependence relative to non-smokers. The current study aims to assess whether smoking is associated with problems and concerns with chronic opioid therapy from the perspective of the patient. METHODS: In a large sample (N=972) of adult patients prescribed opioids for chronic noncancer pain, we examined sex-specific associations between smoking status and patient perceptions of problems and concerns with chronic opioid therapy using regression analyses, adjusting for covariates...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879003/risk-and-protective-processes-predicting-rural-african-american-young-men-s-substance-abuse
#5
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
Informed by a life course perspective, this study tested a cascade model linking harsh, unresponsive parenting during childhood to young African American men's substance abuse via precocious transitions, economic instability, and future orientation. The moderating influence of community disadvantage and romantic partner support on the hypothesized pathways was also examined. At the baseline, the sample included 505 African American men between ages 19 and 22 years from high-poverty rural communities. Follow-up data were collected 18 months after baseline...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878900/lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-college-student-perspectives-on-disparities-in-weight-related-behaviours-and-body-image-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Nicole A VanKim, Carolyn M Porta, Marla E Eisenberg, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Melissa N Laska
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To (1) explore college students' perceived sexual orientation-related barriers to engaging in physical activity, eating healthfully and maintaining healthy body images and (2) identify types of campus resources on physical activity, healthy eating and body image available to lesbian, gay and bisexual college students. BACKGROUND: Previous research has highlighted sexual orientation disparities in weight status, physical activity, healthy eating and body image...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871124/introducing-technology-for-thriving-in-residential-long-term-care
#7
Elisabeth Østensen, Edith Roth Gjevjon, Tone Øderud, Anne Moen
PURPOSE: To present an emerging innovative care model that supports participation and thriving by older adults in residential care, by introduction to new technology and mobilizing volunteer services. DESIGN: Qualitative, exploratory study, introducing tablet computers to 15 older adults in two municipalities. METHODS: The intervention encompassed weekly workshops over the course of 1 year with volunteer adolescents as personal tutors. Observations of workshops, interviews with nurses, and repeated semistructured interviews with older adult participants eliciting their perspective on use, experiences, perceived usefulness, and overall evaluation of the intervention...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869356/apremilast-an-oral-phosphodiesterase-4-pde4-inhibitor-a-novel-treatment-option-for-nurse-practitioners-treating-patients-with-psoriatic-disease
#8
Melodie Young, Heather L Roebuck
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Apremilast is an oral nonbiologic medication approved for the treatment of adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis and for patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. This article summarizes the efficacy and safety of apremilast and provides characterization of the novel medication with clinical perspectives to successfully incorporate this therapy into practice for appropriate patients. DATA SOURCES: A review and synthesis of the results from the ESTEEM (Efficacy and Safety Trial Evaluating the Effects of Apremilast in Psoriasis) phase 3 clinical studies evaluating the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of apremilast for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis was conducted...
December 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864164/perceptions-toward-a-smoking-cessation-app-targeting-lgbtq-youth-and-young-adults-a-qualitative-framework-analysis-of-focus-groups
#9
N Bruce Baskerville, Darly Dash, Katy Wong, Alanna Shuh, Aneta Abramowicz
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, queer, and other sexual minority (LGBTQ+) youth and young adults (YYA) is significantly higher compared with that among non-LGBTQ+ persons. However, in the past, interventions were primarily group cessation classes that targeted LGBTQ+ persons of all ages. mHealth interventions offer an alternate and modern intervention platform for this subpopulation and may be of particular interest for young LGBTQ+ persons. OBJECTIVE: This study explored LGBTQ+ YYA (the potential users') perceptions of a culturally tailored mobile app for smoking cessation...
November 18, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857123/low-grade-epilepsy-associated-neuroepithelial-tumours-the-2016-who-classification
#10
REVIEW
Ingmar Blümcke, Eleonora Aronica, Albert Becker, David Capper, Roland Coras, Mrinalini Honavar, Thomas S Jacques, Katja Kobow, Hajime Miyata, Angelika Mühlebner, José Pimentel, Figen Söylemezoğlu, Maria Thom
Rapid developments in molecular genetic technology and research have swiftly advanced our understanding of neuro-oncology. As a consequence, the WHO invited their expert panels to revise the current classification system of brain tumours and to introduce, for the first time, a molecular genetic approach for selected tumour entities, thus setting a new gold standard in histopathology. The revised 5th edition of the 'blue book' was released in May 2016 and will have a major impact in stratifying diagnosis and treatment...
November 18, 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845844/adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-perspectives-on-their-internet-use-for-seeking-information-on-healthy-eating-and-exercise
#11
Ryan Mooney, Mahasen Samhouri, Avery Holton, Katie A Devine, Anne C Kirchhoff, Jennifer Wright, Yelena P Wu
PURPOSE: To explore adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors' internet use in seeking healthy lifestyle behavior (HLB) information on diet and exercise. METHODS: Twenty-five AYA cancer survivors participated in focus groups or interviews. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Most survivors (92%) sought HLB information from internet sources. Key issues included the following: (1) too much information available, (2) information not meeting survivors' unique needs, and (3) concerns about trustworthiness of information...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833195/a-virtue-analysis-of-recreational-marijuana-use
#12
Ezra Sullivan, Nicanor Austriaco
: Several empirical studies suggest that recreational marijuana is popularly perceived as an essentially harmless rite of passage that ends as young people settle into their careers and their adult intimate relationships. Is this perception accurate? To answer this question, we evaluate the morality of recreational marijuana use from a virtue perspective guided by the theological synthesis of St. Thomas Aquinas. Since the medical data reveals that recreational marijuana use is detrimental to the well-being of the user, we conclude that it is a vicious activity, an instance of the vice of intoxication, and as such would be morally illicit...
May 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832754/prevalence-and-socio-economic-burden-of-heart-failure-in-an-aging-society-of-south-korea
#13
Hankil Lee, Sung-Hee Oh, Hyeonseok Cho, Hyun-Jai Cho, Hye-Young Kang
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in South Korea. With the rapidly aging population in the country, the prevalence of HF and its associated costs are expected to rise continuously. This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence and economic burden of HF in order to understand its impact on our society. METHODS: A prevalence-based, cost-of-illness study was conducted using the 2014 Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Patients Sample (HIRA-NPS) data...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831714/aging-and-memory-as-discrimination-influences-of-encoding-specificity-cue-overload-and-prior-knowledge
#14
Stephen P Badham, Marie Poirier, Navina Gandhi, Anna Hadjivassiliou, Elizabeth A Maylor
From the perspective of memory-as-discrimination, whether a cue leads to correct retrieval simultaneously depends on the cue's relationship to (a) the memory target and (b) the other retrieval candidates. A corollary of the view is that increasing encoding-retrieval match may only help memory if it improves the cue's capacity to discriminate the target from competitors. Here, age differences in this discrimination process were assessed by manipulating the overlap between cues present at encoding and retrieval orthogonally with cue-target distinctiveness...
November 2016: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826266/relating-language-and-music-skills-in-young-children-a-first-approach-to-systemize-and-compare-distinct-competencies-on-different-levels
#15
Caroline Cohrdes, Lorenz Grolig, Sascha Schroeder
Children in transition from kindergarten to school develop fundamental skills important for the acquisition of reading and writing. Previous research pointed toward substantial correlations between specific language- and music-related competencies as well as positive transfer effects from music on pre-literacy skills. However, until now the relationship between diverse music and language competencies remains unclear. In the present study, we used a comprehensive approach to clarify the relationships between a broad variety of language and music skills on different levels, not only between but also within domains...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825857/the-impact-of-pain-catastrophizing-on-outcomes-a-developmental-perspective-across-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-pain
#16
Amanda B Feinstein, John A Sturgeon, Rashmi P Bhandari, Ashley Dunn, Tom Rico, Ming C Kao, Beth D Darnall
: Pain catastrophizing is one of the most powerful predictors of poor outcomes in youth and adults with pain; however, little is known about differential impacts of pain catastrophizing on outcomes as a function of age. The current study examined the predictive value of pain catastrophizing on pain interference and pain intensity across children, adolescents, and two age groups of young adults with chronic pain. Cross-sectional data are presented from the adult and pediatric Collaborative Health Outcomes Information Registry (CHOIR), including measures of pain catastrophizing, pain intensity, pain interference and emotional distress from 1028 individuals with chronic pain...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804096/destabilising-automobility-the-emergent-mobilities-of-generation-y
#17
Debbie Hopkins
This paper uses empirical material gathered with young adults in New Zealand to examine a potential sustainability transition-in-practice. It draws from two frameworks; the actor-centred Energy Cultures Framework to explore mobility behaviours, and the multi-level perspective (MLP) to situate behaviour change within the socio-technical transitions literature. The MLP has traditionally been used to analyse historical transitions (e.g. from the horse and cart to the motor vehicle), but in this paper, it is used to explore an on-going change trend; the emergent mobilities of young adults who appear to be aspiring for different types of mobility...
November 1, 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774954/regularity-effect-in-prospective-memory-during-aging
#18
Geoffrey Blondelle, Mathieu Hainselin, Yannick Gounden, Laurent Heurley, Hélène Voisin, Olga Megalakaki, Estelle Bressous, Véronique Quaglino
BACKGROUND: Regularity effect can affect performance in prospective memory (PM), but little is known on the cognitive processes linked to this effect. Moreover, its impacts with regard to aging remain unknown. To our knowledge, this study is the first to examine regularity effect in PM in a lifespan perspective, with a sample of young, intermediate, and older adults. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Our study examined the regularity effect in PM in three groups of participants: 28 young adults (18-30), 16 intermediate adults (40-55), and 25 older adults (65-80)...
2016: Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770306/factors-supporting-the-employment-of-young-adults-peer-providers-perspectives-of-peers-and-supervisors
#19
Jonathan Delman, Vanessa V Klodnick
Peer providers are a promising practice for transition-age youth community mental health treatment engagement and support, yet little is known about the experience of being a young adult peer provider or what helps to make an individual in this role successful. Utilizing a capital theory lens, this study uses data from focus groups (two with young adult peer providers and two with their supervisors) to examine facilitators of young adult peer provider success in community mental health treatment settings. Eight factors were identified as critical to young adult peer provider on-the-job success: persistence, job confidence, resilience, job training, skilled communications with colleagues, regular and individualized supervision, support from colleagues, and family support...
October 22, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768513/memories-of-parent-behaviors-and-adult-attachment-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#20
Vicky Lehmann, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Madelaine C Keim, Lory Guthrie, Robbert Sanderman, Marrit A Tuinman
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer is stressful for the entire family. Preoccupation and anxiety surrounding the child's illness may result in parents of children with cancer being overprotective or less emotionally responsive toward their children. Such parenting in response to a negative life event like childhood cancer may cause survivors to be more insecurely attached than healthy peers, which could have downstream effects on survivors' romantic relationships later in life. Therefore, we examined survivors' perspectives on parent behaviors, adult attachment, and marital status among adult survivors of childhood cancer relative to controls...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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