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Young adult perspections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080182/multi-professional-perspectives-on-adolescent-and-young-adult-oncology-across-europe-an-e-delphi-survey
#1
Simon A Pini, Faith Gibson, Lorna A Fern, Sue J Morgan, Robert S Phillips, Dan P Stark
The aims of this article are to describe the ongoing development of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer services within the European Union (EU), and to develop consensus on key areas within the field. This survey used an e-Delphi design. An initial survey was distributed via email to professionals working in Europe. A snowball sampling technique was used to promote distribution. Consensus was sought over three rounds from October 2012 to April 2015. Consensus was defined as >80% agreement ("agree" or "strongly agree")...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078495/economic-context-and-hiv-vulnerability-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-in-urban-slums-in-kenya-a-qualitative-analysis-based-on-scarcity-theory
#2
Larissa Jennings, Muthoni Mathai, Sebastian Linnemayr, Antonio Trujillo, Margaret Mak'anyengo, Brooke E E Montgomery, Deanna L Kerrigan
Urban slum adolescents and young adults have disproportionately high rates of HIV compared to rural and non-slum urban youth. Yet, few studies have examined youth's perceptions of the economic drivers of HIV. Informed by traditional and behavioral economics, we applied a scarcity theoretical framework to qualitatively examine how poverty influences sexual risk behaviors among adolescents and young adults. Focus group discussions with one hundred twenty youth in Kenyan's urban slums were transcribed, coded, and analyzed using interpretive phenomenology...
January 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059932/a-developmental-perspective-on-social-cognition-difficulties-in-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#3
Sarah Hope Lincoln, Emily M Norkett, Katherine H Frost, Joseph Gonzalez-Heydrich, Eugene J D'Angelo
After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate the evolution of social cognitive abilities as a developmental process• Assess the evidence regarding social cognition difficulties in youth at clinical high risk for psychosisIndividuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis exhibit a broad range of difficulties, including impaired social cognition, which may represent a target for early identification and intervention. Several studies have examined various domains of social cognition in CHR individuals...
January 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057065/-they-re-younger%C3%A2-it-s-harder-primary-providers-perspectives-on-hypertension-management-in-young-adults-a-multicenter-qualitative-study
#4
Heather M Johnson, Ryan C Warner, Christie M Bartels, Jamie N LaMantia
BACKGROUND: Young adults (18-39 year-olds) have the lowest hypertension control rates among adults with hypertension in the United States. Unique barriers to hypertension management in young adults with primary care access compared to older adults have not been evaluated. Understanding these differences will inform the development of hypertension interventions tailored to young adults. The goals of this multicenter study were to explore primary care providers' perspectives on barriers to diagnosing, treating, and controlling hypertension among young adults with regular primary care...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056723/chronic-treatment-with-minoxidil-induces-elastic-fiber-neosynthesis-and-functional-improvement-in-the-aorta-of-aged-mice
#5
Marion Coquand-Gandit, Marie Paule Jacob, Wassim Fhayli, Beatriz Romero Ruiz de la Hermosa, Miglena Georgieva, Stéphanie Bouillot, Eric Estève, Jean-Pierre Andrieu, Sandrine Brasseur, Sophie Bouyon, Natalio Garcia-Honduvilla, Philippe Huber, Julia Bujan, Milena Atanasova, Gilles Faury
Normal arterial aging processes involve vascular cell dysfunction associated with wall stiffening, the latter being due to progressive elastin and elastic fiber degradation, as well as elastin and collagen cross-linking by advanced glycation end-products (AGE). These processes progressively lead to cardiovascular dysfunction during aging. Elastin is only synthesized during late gestation and childhood, and further degradation occurring throughout adulthood cannot be physiologically compensated by replacement of altered material...
January 5, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051888/the-benefits-and-burdens-of-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Joelle P Straehla, Krysta S Barton, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Claire Wharton, Kevin Scott Baker, Kira Bona, Joanne Wolfe, Abby R Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and early young adults (AYAs) with cancer are at high risk for poor outcomes. Positive psychological responses such as benefit-finding may buffer the negative impacts of cancer but are poorly understood in this population. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively describe the content and trajectory of benefit- and burden-finding among AYAs to develop potential targets for future intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-on-one semistructured interviews were conducted with English-speaking AYA patients (aged 14-25 years) within 60 days of diagnosis of a noncentral nervous system malignancy requiring chemotherapy, 6-12 and 12-18 months later...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051839/social-context-and-perspectives-of-non-medical-prescription-opioid-use-among-young-adults-in-rhode-island-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jesse L Yedinak, Elizabeth N Kinnard, Scott E Hadland, Traci C Green, Melissa A Clark, Brandon D L Marshall
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This pilot study examined the context of nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use and related risk behaviors among young adults in Rhode Island, a New England region with markedly high prevalence of NMPO use and overdose mortality. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews (n = 13) with young adults (18-29 year-olds) who reported current or recent NMPO use. We also conducted focus groups (two groups, n = 14 total) with professional service providers recruited from service organizations...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045310/neural-systems-for-reflected-and-direct-self-appraisals-in-chinese-young-adults-exploring-the-role-of-the-temporal-parietal-junction
#8
Jennifer H Pfeifer, Caitlin E V Mahy, Junaid S Merchant, Chunhui Chen, Carrie L Masten, Andrew J Fuligni, Matthew D Lieberman, Jared Lessard, Qi Dong, Chuansheng Chen
OBJECTIVES: Although cortical midline structures (CMS) are the most commonly identified neural foundations of self-appraisals, research is beginning to implicate the temporal-parietal junction (TPJ) in more interdependent self-construals. The goal of this study was to extend this research in an understudied population by (a) examining both direct (first-person) and reflected (third-person) self-appraisals across 2 domains (social and academics), and (b) exploring individual differences in recruitment of the TPJ during reflected self-appraisals...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013108/commentary-to-fergie-hunt-and-hilton-social-media-as-a-space-for-support-young-adults-perspectives-on-user-generated-content-about-diabetes-and-mental-health
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005233/the-occupational-transition-process-to-upper-secondary-school-further-education-and-or-work-in-sweden-as-described-by-young-adults-with-asperger-syndrome-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Vedrana Bolic Baric, Helena Hemmingsson, Kristina Hellberg, Anette Kjellberg
The aim was to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work, and to discover what support influences the process from the perspectives of young adults with Asperger syndrome or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This qualitative study was performed in Sweden and comprised interviews with 15 young adults recruited from community based day centres. Support influencing the process included: occupational transition preparation in compulsory school, practical work experience in a safe environment, and support beyond the workplace...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992725/smoking-mental-illness-and-public-health
#11
Judith J Prochaska, Smita Das, Kelly C Young-Wolff
Tobacco remains the leading preventable cause of death worldwide. In particular, people with mental illness are disproportionately affected with high smoking prevalence; they account for more than 200,000 of the 520,000 tobacco-attributable deaths in the United States annually and die on average 25 years prematurely. Our review aims to provide an update on smoking in the mentally ill. We review the determinants of tobacco use among smokers with mental illness, presented with regard to the public health HAVE framework of "the host" (e...
December 16, 2016: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992275/life-transitions-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-life-limiting-conditions
#12
Bridget Johnston, Divya Jindal-Snape, Jan Pringle
AIMS: A systematic review was conducted to appraise and classify evidence related to the life transitions of adolescents and young adults with life-limiting conditions. METHODS: The databases searched were MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, CancerLit, and AMED. Methodological quality was assessed using an established tool and the final articles included in the study were rated as moderate to high quality. Articles were then assessed based on the insight that they provided into life transitions for adolescents and young adults...
December 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986504/the-consequences-of-chronic-cannabis-smoking-in-vulnerable-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Montaha Al Iede, Kenneth Nunn, Bronwyn Milne, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Cannabis, like the mythic shape-shifter, presents in various guises, morphing with the perspective and context of the observer. Arguments about cannabis are confused by a myriad of debates-medical, social, ethical and political-as if a single conceptual umbrella can capture the variety and granularity of marijuana-related issues. This paper responds to marijuana use as it is commonly practised by youth in Australia. It has little to say about synthetic cannabinoids, specific medicinal cannabinoids, or medicinal properties of marijuana...
November 9, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979791/stigma-and-its-impact-on-glucose-control-among-youth-with-diabetes-protocol-for-a-canada-wide-study
#14
Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Meranda Nakhla, Michael Wright, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Daniele Pacaud, Mélanie Henderson, Elham Rahme, Deborah Da Costa, Kaberi Dasgupta
BACKGROUND: Stigma in chronic disease involves unwarranted rejection, judgement, or exclusion by others based on the chronic disease itself. OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the prevalence of stigma among youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes in Canada, to assess associations between stigma and glycemic control, and to explore ways to address stigma related to type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The study includes 3 distinct phases: (1) refinement of survey questions, (2) assessment of test-retest reliability, and (3) a data collection and analysis phase (online survey and mailed-in capillary blood sample to assess hemoglobin A1c)...
December 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976705/comparison-of-impulsivity-in-non-problem-at-risk-and-problem-gamblers
#15
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Yong-Hui Li, Nan Sui
As a non-substance addiction, gambling disorder represents the model for studying the neurobiology of addiction without toxic consequences of chronic drug use. From a neuropsychological perspective, impulsivity is deemed as a potential construct responsible in the onset and development of drug addiction. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between impulsivity and gambling status in young adults with varying severity of gambling. A sample of 1120 college students, equally divided into non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers, were administered multiple measures of impulsivity including the UPPSP Impulsive Behaviors Scale (UPPSP), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and the Delay-discounting Test (DDT)...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956620/nogo-receptor-blockade-overcomes-remyelination-failure-after-white-matter-stroke-and-stimulates-functional-recovery-in-aged-mice
#16
Elif G Sozmen, Shira Rosenzweig, Irene L Llorente, David J DiTullio, Michal Machnicki, Harry V Vinters, Lief A Havton, Roman J Giger, Jason D Hinman, S Thomas Carmichael
White matter stroke is a distinct stroke subtype, accounting for up to 25% of stroke and constituting the second leading cause of dementia. The biology of possible tissue repair after white matter stroke has not been determined. In a mouse stroke model, white matter ischemia causes focal damage and adjacent areas of axonal myelin disruption and gliosis. In these areas of only partial damage, local white matter progenitors respond to injury, as oligodendrocyte progenitors (OPCs) proliferate. However, OPCs fail to mature into oligodendrocytes (OLs) even in regions of demyelination with intact axons and instead divert into an astrocytic fate...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930938/short-forms-of-the-utrecht-management-of-identity-commitments-scale-u-mics-with-the-domains-of-job-romantic-relationship-and-region
#17
Elisabeth Schubach, Julia Zimmermann, Peter Noack, Franz J Neyer
The U-MICS is a self-report questionnaire designed to assess the identity dimensions from a domain-specific perspective. The present study reports on the development of a short-form version for the domains of job and romantic relationship in young adults from Germany and extends this scale to include the domain of region (nSample1 = 95, 84% female, mean age 22.45 years; nSample2 = 1,795, 71% female, mean age 24.53 years). We found the short form to possess adequate psychometric properties and to demonstrate a factor structure congruent to the long-form version...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930913/self-management-in-young-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-strategies-and-challenges
#18
Jennifer Nicholas, Katherine Boydell, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Early adoption of effective self-management strategies for bipolar disorder (BD) results in better clinical outcomes and increased quality of life. Therefore, facilitation of these strategies in young adults who are early in their illness course is vital. However, an understanding of self-management practices and needs of young adults with BD is lacking. This study explores young adult's perspectives of disorder self-management practices and challenges. METHODS: Young adults with BD completed an online survey about disorder management strategies and challenges...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928508/a-perspective-on-physiological-studies-supporting-the-provision-of-scientific-advice-for-the-management-of-fraser-river-sockeye-salmon-oncorhynchus-nerka
#19
REVIEW
David A Patterson, Steven J Cooke, Scott G Hinch, Kendra A Robinson, Nathan Young, Anthony P Farrell, Kristina M Miller
The inability of physiologists to effect change in fisheries management has been the source of frustration for many decades. Close collaboration between fisheries managers and researchers has afforded our interdisciplinary team an unusual opportunity to evaluate the emerging impact that physiology can have in providing relevant and credible scientific advice to assist in management decisions. We categorize the quality of scientific advice given to management into five levels based on the type of scientific activity and resulting advice (notions, observations, descriptions, predictions and prescriptions)...
2016: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923963/motivators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-young-adult-men
#20
Lee M Ashton, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins
Many Australian young men (18-25 years) fail to meet recommendations in national dietary or physical activity (PA) guidelines. However, there is a lack of understanding of their perspectives on PA and diet to inform intervention design. This study examined young men's motivators and barriers to healthy eating and PA, along with differences by demographic and behavioral factors. A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 282 men aged 18 to 25 years in Australia. Results identified the most common motivators for healthy eating included improving health (63...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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