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Young adult perspections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915987/interpreting-narratives-within-a-cross-national-interdisciplinary-study-a-case-study-of-a-collaborative-process
#1
Deborah L Tolman, Chunyan Yu, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This article presents a case study of a collaborative process for the analysis of a young girl's narrative on becoming an adolescent in Shanghai. The purpose was to illuminate how interpretation of narratives can be strengthened with a diverse team of researchers. METHODS: Three different researchers, each representing a different discipline and lens for analyzing qualitative data, collaboratively analyzed and interpreted a 12-year-old girl's narrative from Shanghai as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915986/exploration-of-gender-norms-and-socialization-among-early-adolescents-the-use-of-qualitative-methods-for-the-global-early-adolescent-study
#2
REVIEW
Kristin Mmari, Robert W Blum, Rebkha Atnafou, Elisa Chilet, Sara de Meyer, Omaima El-Gibaly, Sharmista Basu, Bamidele Bello, Beatrice Maina, Xiayun Zuo
PURPOSE: The Global Early Adolescent Study (GEAS) was launched in 2014 with the primary goal of understanding the factors in early adolescence that predispose young people to subsequent sexual risks, and conversely, those that promote healthy sexuality across different cultural contexts. The present article describes the methodology that was used for the first phase of GEAS, which consisted of conducting qualitative research to understand the gendered transitions into adolescence and the role that gender norms play within the key relationships of adolescents...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914116/defining-a-core-outcome-set-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-a-spinal-deformity
#3
Marinus de Kleuver, Sayf S A Faraj, Roderick M Holewijn, Niccole M Germscheid, Raphael D Adobor, Mikkel Andersen, Hans Tropp, Benny Dahl, Heli Keskinen, Anders Olai, David W Polly, Miranda L van Hooff, Tsjitske M Haanstra
Background and purpose - Routine outcome measurement has been shown to improve performance in several fields of healthcare. National spine surgery registries have been initiated in 5 Nordic countries. However, there is no agreement on which outcomes are essential to measure for adolescent and young adult patients with a spinal deformity. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS) that will facilitate benchmarking within and between the 5 countries of the Nordic Spinal Deformity Society (NSDS) and other registries worldwide...
September 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903503/identifying-gaps-in-respiratory-syncytial-virus-disease-epidemiology-in-the-united-states-prior-to-the-introduction-of-vaccines
#4
Lindsay Kim, Brian Rha, Jon S Abramson, Larry J Anderson, Carrie L Byington, Grace L Chen, John DeVincenzo, Kathryn M Edwards, Janet A Englund, Ann R Falsey, Marie R Griffin, Ruth A Karron, Karen G Martin, H Cody Meissner, Flor M Munoz, Andrew T Pavia, Pedro A Piedra, William Schaffner, Eric A F Simões, Rosalyn Singleton, H Keipp Talbot, Edward E Walsh, Jane R Zucker, Susan I Gerber
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes lower respiratory tract illness frequently. No effective antivirals or vaccines for RSV are approved for use in the United States; however, there are at least 50 vaccines and monoclonal antibody products in development, with those targeting older adults and pregnant women (to protect young infants) in phase 2 and 3 clinical trials. Unanswered questions regarding RSV epidemiology need to be identified and addressed prior to RSV vaccine introduction to guide the measurement of impact and future recommendations...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898503/using-appreciative-inquiry-methodology-to-develop-a-weight-management-program-for-obese-children-in-new-zealand
#5
Tasileta Teevale, Joseph K Kaholokula
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric obesity predicts adult obesity, and alarming new data in New Zealand reveals that obesity among the young continues to rise. In this study, we used a novel solution-focused paradigm, or appreciative inquiry perspective, to explore the factors that influence not just obese but non-obese states (that is, healthy weight as well as obesity), in Pacific adolescents (aged 13-17) living in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods. METHODS: Sixty-eight parents and adolescents from 30 families were recruited and interviewed, resulting in 15 obese and 15 healthy weight adolescents participating in the study...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894999/needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-comparisons-of-young-people-and-parent-perspectives
#6
Hanna Eklund, James Findon, Tim Cadman, Hannah Hayward, Declan Murphy, Philip Asherson, Karen Glaser, Kiriakos Xenitidis
This study used the Camberwell Assessment of Need for adults with Developmental and Intellectual Disabilities (CANDID) to examine the social, physical health and mental health needs of 168 young people (aged 14-24 years) with neurodevelopmental disorders and compared young person and parent ratings of need. Agreement was poor in 21 out of 25 domains. Parents consistently reported higher levels of need than young people in the majority of domains although young people with ADHD reported significantly more needs in physical health, eyesight/hearing, seizures, other mental health problems and safety of others than their parents...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891119/age-varying-associations-between-cigarette-smoking-sensation-seeking-and-impulse-control-through-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#7
David M Lydon-Staley, Charles F Geier
Sensation seeking (SS) and impulse control (IC) are constructs at the core of dual systems models of adolescent risk taking. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, age-varying associations between SS and IC (predictors) and both any smoking in the previous 30 days and daily smoking (outcomes) were examined. The association between SS and both any smoking in the previous 30 days and daily smoking was strongest during adolescence. IC was consistently associated with any smoking in the previous 30 days and daily smoking, with the strongest association emerging during the mid-20s to early 30s...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886870/children-and-young-people-s-views-on-institutional-safety-it-s-not-just-because-we-re-little
#8
Tim P Moore
The Australian Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has set in motion a number of systemic and organizational approaches to identify and respond to child sexual abuse. These include increased child abuse awareness, developing and enhancing child-safe organizational cultures and policies and more thorough screening and supervision of staff in child and youth serving organizations. Although these advances should be applauded, many of the concerns that children and young people have raised about interpersonal safety have not been fully addressed...
September 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853643/scars-of-disengagement-perspectives-on-community-leadership-and-youth-engagement-in-rural-south-africa
#9
Wilson Majee, Karien Jooste, Lydia Aziato, Adaobi Anakwe
Given the emerging global youth disengagement epidemic, anticipated population growth, and the threat of continued rural-urban migration among young adults, recent research has focused on community leadership practice and the factors that influence youth engagement at the local level. Studying these practices and factors can elicit interventions that can improve youth engagement and youth health. This study engaged South African rural community leaders in interviews to collect perceptions and experiences on community leadership and factors that influence youth engagement and their health behaviors...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845683/young-adults-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning
#10
Jennifer L Tripken, Cathy S Elrod
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of young adults regarding advance care planning (ACP). METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of young adults (N = 310) from a single metropolitan university during September to November 2016 completed an online survey about their knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors regarding ACP. Descriptive statistics and correlation tests were conducted. RESULTS: Young adults lacked familiarity and knowledge regarding ACP...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836807/health-self-management-transition-readiness-and-adaptive-behavior-in-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-or-myelomeningocele
#11
Seth Warschausky, Jacqueline N Kaufman, William Schutt, Michael Evitts, Edward A Hurvitz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the associations between generic and condition-specific health self-management and levels of adaptive behavior in 2 groups of transition-age youth with congenital neurodevelopmental conditions. METHOD: The sample included 43 adolescents/young adults diagnosed with cerebral palsy (CP) and 36 with spina bifida/myelomeningocele (SBM), ages 13-29, mean age 18.96 (4.77), 51.9% female. Health self-management was assessed with the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) completed by the child, and the Kennedy Krieger Independence Scales-Spina Bifida (KKIS-SB) completed by the parent/guardian...
August 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834118/the-transition-to-adulthood-of-young-adults-with-idd-parents-joint-projects
#12
Richard A Young, Sheila K Marshall, Tim Stainton, Jessie M Wall, Deirdre Curle, Ma Zhu, David Munro, John Murray, Asmae El Bouhali, Filomena Parada, Anat Zaidman-Zait
INTRODUCTION: Parents have found the transition to adulthood for their sons or daughters with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) particularly challenging. The literature has not examined how parents work together and with others in face of this transition nor has it highlighted parental goals in this process. This study used a perspective based on joint, goal-direct action to describe the projects that Canadian parents engaged in together and with others relative to this transition...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833472/youth-suicide-deaths-investigation-of-clinical-predictors-in-a-statewide-sample
#13
Brooks R Keeshin, Doug Gray, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Hilary Coon
Death by suicide is a significant cause of mortality among youth. However, there is limited information on the demographic and clinical factors associated with youth suicide deaths. The objective of this study was to link large statewide databases to describe demographic, clinical, and cause of death characteristics among youth who died by suicide. We examined 1,218 decedents under age 26 who died by suicie between 2000 and 2014. Eighteen died before age 12, 53 died between ages 12 and 14, 292 died between ages 15 and 18, and 855 died between ages 19 and 25...
August 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821916/relative-social-standing-and-suicide-ideation-among-kenyan-males-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-in-context
#14
M L Goodman, H Serag, P K Keiser, S Gitari, B G Raimer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between subjective social status and suicide ideation in a sample of young Kenyan men (age 18-34 years). Situating insights from the interpersonal theory of suicide within social determinants of health framework, we consider whether lower subjective social status predicts lower collective self-esteem (CSE), hopelessness, less meaning in life and more loneliness, and whether these characteristics mediate associations between subjective social status and suicide ideation...
August 18, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818252/origins-of-cancer-disparities-in-young-adults-logic-models-to-guide-research
#15
Robert A Hiatt, Margaret A Handley, Pamela M Ling, Esteban Burchard, Neeta Thakur, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
Cancer disparities research is motivated by persistent inequities in cancer outcomes by race, ethnicity, social status, neighborhood location, and other subpopulation characteristics. These inequities have proven to be persistent and difficult to alter. Part of the reason for the frustration with slow progress is a lack of appreciation of the long-term nature of the undertaking. It is highly likely that the disparities observed in adulthood find their origins in young adulthood, if not earlier. A long-term perspective is needed, recognizing that successes may take many years to realize...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812295/just-like-in-their-home-country-a-multinational-perspective-on-living-arrangements-of-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#16
Zoya Gubernskaya, Zequn Tang
Older immigrants are more likely to share residence with their adult children and other family members than are U.S.-born older adults. Because socioeconomic factors only partially explain these differences and direct measures of cultural preferences are seldom available, the persistently high rates of intergenerational coresidence among the older foreign-born are often interpreted as driven by cultural preferences and/or a lack of assimilation. To challenge this interpretation, this study investigates the extent to which older immigrants' living arrangements deviate from those of older adults in their home countries...
August 15, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811168/an-ontogenetic-perspective-on-symphyseal-fusion-occlusion-and-mandibular-loading-in-alpacas-vicugna-pacos
#17
Kristin K Stover, JoAnna Sidote, Susan H Williams
A primary hypothesis for the evolution of mandibular symphyseal fusion in some mammals is that it functions to resist loads incurred during routine mastication. Anecdotal support for this hypothesis is based on the fact that when the symphysis fuses, it typically does so early during postnatal ontogeny prior to or around the time of weaning. However, little is known about the process of fusion, particularly relative to feeding behaviors and the dynamics of mastication, including occlusion and masticatory loading...
June 17, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804381/the-distribution-and-the-functions-of-autobiographical-memories-why-do-older-adults-remember-autobiographical-memories-from-their-youth
#18
Tabea Wolf, Daniel Zimprich
In the present study, the distribution of autobiographical memories was examined from a functional perspective: we examined whether the extent to which long-term autobiographical memories were rated as having a self-, a directive, or a social function affects the location (mean age) and scale (standard deviation) of the memory distribution. Analyses were based on a total of 5598 autobiographical memories generated by 149 adults aged between 50 and 81 years in response to 51 cue-words. Participants provided their age at the time when the recalled events had happened and rated how frequently they recall these events for self-, directive, and social purposes...
September 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801467/minors-moral-psychology-and-the-harm-reduction-debate-the-case-of-tobacco-and-nicotine
#19
Lynn T Kozlowski
Harm reduction debates are important in health policy. Although it has been established that morality affects policy, this article proposes that perspectives from moral psychology help to explain the challenges of developing evidence-based policy on prohibition-only versus tobacco/nicotine harm reduction for minors. Protecting youth from tobacco is critical, especially since tobacco/nicotine products are legal for adults, who usually begin using when young. Although cigarettes and other combustibles are the deadliest tobacco products, other products such as smokeless tobacco and electronic cigarettes, though unsafe, are upward of 90 percent less harmful than cigarettes...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798495/the-time-benefits-of-young-adult-home-stayers-in-france-and-italy-a-new-perspective-on-the-transition-to-adulthood
#20
Letizia Mencarini, Ariane Pailhé, Anne Solaz, Maria Letizia Tanturri
This article analyses how two co-residing generations contribute to the housework workload in Italy and France during the early 2000s. It studies the intergenerational exchange of time between young adults and their parents by indirectly comparing the level of domestic comfort enjoyed by young people in the two closely neighbouring countries. A focus on the reasons for staying in the parental home provides an explanation for the tendency of young Italian adults to prolong their stay in the family nest. The results of time-use surveys suggest that young Italians (especially young men) may benefit more than their French counterparts in co-residing with their parents...
2017: Genus
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