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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#1
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777534/is-it-necessary-to-have-a-dentist-within-an-intensive-care-unit-team-report-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#2
Wanessa Teixeira Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gilberto Gambero Gaspar, Hayala Cristina Cavenague de Souza, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Roberto Martinez, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dental treatment in improving oral health in critical patients. METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care public facility from 1 January 2011 to 8 August 2013. Data from 254 adult patients staying in the ICU for 48 hours or more were analysed. The experimental group (n = 127) had access to dental treatment provided by a dentist four to five times a week, in addition to routine oral hygiene, whereas the control group (n = 127) had access only to routine oral hygiene, including topical application of chlorhexidine, provided by the ICU nursing staff...
May 18, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#3
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776744/discovering-mental-models-and-frames-in-learning-of-nursing-ethics-through-simulations
#4
J L Díaz Agea, M R Martín Robles, D Jiménez Rodríguez, I Morales Moreno, I Viedma Viedma, C Leal Costa
The acquisition of ethical competence is necessary in nursing. The aims of the study were to analyse students' perceptions of the process of learning ethics through simulations and to describe the underlying frames that inform the decision making process of nursing students. A qualitative study based on the analysis of simulated experiences and debriefings of six simulated scenarios with ethical content in three different groups of fourth-year nursing students (n = 30), was performed. The simulated situations were designed to contain ethical dilemmas...
May 15, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776481/reflections-on-the-emotional-hazards-of-pediatric-oncology-nursing-four-decades-of-perspectives-and-potential
#5
REVIEW
Deborah A Boyle, Nancy Jo Bush
THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES: Pediatric oncology nurses are particularly vulnerable to emotional distress. Responsible for the oversight of a child's care, these nurses sustain close interactions with multiple patients and families over time, many of whom are coping with life-limiting diagnoses. The world of pediatric oncology nurses is one where tragedy is routinely witnessed thus demanding self-care and healing across a continuum. PHENOMENON ADDRESSED: The aim of this article is to outline and review the emotional sequelae of pediatric oncology nurses' work and to suggest interventions to support well-being in light of prolonged caregiving...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#6
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775694/advance-care-planning-in-a-multi-cultural-family-centric-community-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-professionals-patients-and-caregivers-perspectives
#7
Sumytra Menon, Marijke Kars, Chetna Malhotra, Alastair V Campbell, J J M van Delden
CONTEXT: Advance care planning has been shown to improve end-of-life care but it was developed in the USA and most research has been conducted in western communities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the attitudes and perceptions of patients with life-limiting illnesses, informal caregivers, doctors, nurses and medical social workers regarding advance care planning in a multi-cultural family-centric community. METHODS: We conducted an explorative qualitative study, using focus groups and individual in-depth interviews...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773700/implications-of-involving-pharmacy-technicians-in-obtaining-a-best-possible-medication-history-from-the-perspectives-of-pharmaceutical-medical-and-nursing-staff-a-qualitative-study
#8
Andrea Niederhauser, Chantal Zimmermann, Liat Fishman, David L B Schwappach
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the involvement of pharmacy technicians in medication reconciliation has increasingly been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess the implications on professional roles and collaboration when a best possible medication history (BPMH) at admission is obtained by pharmacy technicians. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semistructured interviews. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis approach. SETTING: Internal medicine units in two mid-sized Swiss hospitals...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772396/understanding-the-conceptualisation-of-risk-in-the-context-of-community-dementia-care
#9
Marissa Dickins, Dianne Goeman, Fleur O'Keefe, Steve Iliffe, Dimity Pond
Risk has become a ubiquitous presence in modern society. For individuals diagnosed with dementia this preoccupation with risk can affect their day-to-day life in many ways. Maintaining autonomy while balancing risks is a continual struggle not only for those living with the disease, but also their carers, family and health professionals. To understand how these different groups of individuals conceptualise the issue of risk for those living with dementia, 83 semi-structured interviews were conducted with people living with dementia, carers, older people without significant experience of dementia, and registered nurses, and staff from a community nursing organisation...
May 9, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764385/a-qualitative-study-about-the-gendered-experiences-of-motherhood-and-perinatal-mortality-in-mountain-villages-of-nepal-implications-for-improving-perinatal-survival
#10
Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lareen Newman
BACKGROUND: We aim to examine the gendered contexts of poor perinatal survival in the remote mountain villages of Nepal. The study setting comprised two remote mountain villages from a mid-western mountain district of Nepal that ranks lowest on the Human Development Index (0.304), and is reported as having the lowest child survival rates in the country. METHODS: The findings are taken from a larger study of perinatal survival in remote mountain villages of Nepal, conducted through a qualitative methodological approach within a framework of social constructionist and critical theoretical perspectives...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764276/-it-s-our-everyday-life-the-perspectives-of-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-norway
#11
Aud Elisabeth Witsø, Brit Hauger
This study illuminates how adults with intellectual disabilities understand and describe their everyday life and its shortcomings when it comes to equal rights in the context of Norwegian community living. An inclusive research design, including nine persons with mild intellectual disability, two university researchers and two intellectual disability nurses from the municipality, was undertaken. An inductive thematic analysis of data identified three key themes: everyday life - context, rhythm and structure, social participation and staff - an ambiguous part of everyday life...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763831/patients-involvement-in-nursing-students-clinical-education-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Arja Suikkala, Sanna Koskinen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
BACKGROUND: Actual contacts with patients are crucial in developing the skills that students need when working with patients. Patients are accustomed to the presence of students. The concept of learning from patients has emerged recently, shifting the focus from learning from professionals as role models to the relationship between the student and patient. AIM: With focus on patients' perspective in clinical practice placements, this scoping review aims to review and summarize the existing empirical literature regarding patients' involvement in nursing students' clinical education...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761611/multidisciplinary-team-meetings-appear-to-be-effective-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-management-an-audit-of-process-and-outcomes
#13
Mutaz Ferman, Amanda H Lim, Monowar Hossain, Glenn W Siow, Jane M Andrews
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTMs) have proven efficacy in cancer management. Whilst widely implemented in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care, their value is yet to be investigated. We reviewed the performance of MDTMs for IBD patients. METHODS: Retrospective review of MDTMs from March 2013 to July 2016. Each patient's first MDTM was considered. Data collected included: report production and location, disease factors, recommendation(s), implementation and barriers to implementation...
May 14, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760582/registered-nurses-and-older-people-s-experiences-of-participation-in-nutritional-care-in-nursing-homes-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#14
Katarina Sjögren Forss, Jane Nilsson, Gunilla Borglin
Background: The evaluation and treatment of older people's nutritional care is generally viewed as a low priority by nurses. However, given that eating and drinking are fundamental human activities, the support and enhancement of an optimal nutritional status should be regarded as a vital part of nursing. Registered nurses must therefore be viewed as having an important role in assessing and evaluating the nutritional needs of older people as well as the ability to intervene in cases of malnutrition...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760030/nurse-practitioner-physician-comanagement-a-theoretical-model-to-alleviate-primary-care-strain
#15
Allison A Norful, Krystyna de Jacq, Richard Carlino, Lusine Poghosyan
PURPOSE: Various models of care delivery have been investigated to meet the increasing demands in primary care. One proposed model is comanagement of patients by more than 1 primary care clinician. Comanagement has been investigated in acute care with surgical teams and in outpatient settings with primary care physicians and specialists. Because nurse practitioners are increasingly managing patient care as independent clinicians, our study objective was to propose a model of nurse practitioner-physician comanagement...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758575/-descriptive-analysis-of-health-economics-of-intensive-home-care-of-ventilated-patients
#16
Yvonne Lehmann, Julia Ostermann, Thomas Reinhold, Michael Ewers
INTRODUCTION: Long-term ventilated patients in Germany receive intensive care mainly in the patients' home or in assisted-living facilities. There is a lack of knowledge about the nature and extent of resource use and costs associated with care of this small, heterogeneous but overall growing patient group. METHODS: A sub-study in the context of a research project SHAPE analyzed costs of 29 patients descriptively from a social perspective. Direct and indirect costs of intensive home care over a period of three months were recorded and analyzed retrospectively...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754113/interprofessional-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-program-an-integrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Dennis C Fronda, Arwa Atef Obeidat
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional (IP) competencies are critical for successful collaborative practice. Nurse education, through interprofessional simulation, plays a critical role in preparing nursing students achieve these competencies. Although considerable research has been conducted on this topic, a broader perspective is lacking. This review systematically appraised and synthesized evidence examining the effects of interprofessional simulation on nursing students' outcomes. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754015/cost-effectiveness-of-a-home-visit-program-for-patients-with-heart-failure-in-brazil-evidence-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Karen Brasil Ruschel, Eneida R Rabelo-Silva, Luis Eduardo Rohde, Emiliane N de Souza, Cláudia M Mussi, Carisi A Polanczyk
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-led home visit (HV) intervention as compared with the standard HF management, within a randomized clinical trial in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness study within a randomized trial. METHODS: To assess the cost-effectiveness of four home visits and four telephone calls by nurses in the management of patients with HF within a randomized clinical trial (RCT: NCT01213875) in a perspective Public (PHS-Public Healthcare System) and private healthcare systems of Brazil during time frame of 24 weeks...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752859/shifts-in-nursing-and-medical-student-s-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-about-interprofessional-work-an-interprofessional-placement-in-ambulatory-care
#19
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Claire Tobin, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine students' beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in relation to interprofessional socialisation, and their expectations and experience, before and after a two-week clinical placement in ambulatory care. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional clinical placements for students are important for developing an understanding of interprofessional collaboration and identity, for the benefit of patient care. Ambulatory care environment involves collaborative management of complex chronic problems...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751622/dietary-differences-in-male-workers-among-smaller-occupational-groups-within-large-occupational-categories-findings-from-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs
#20
Rie Tanaka, Mayumi Tsuji, Ayako Senju, Koichi Kusuhara, Toshihiro Kawamoto
Studies examining workers' diet according to smaller occupational groups within "large occupational categories" are sparse. The aim of this study was to examine the potential differences in workers' diets based on the classification of workers into smaller occupational groups that comprise "large occupational categories". The subjects of this study were working fathers who had participated in the Japan Environment and Children's Study (N = 38,656). Energy and nutrient intake were calculated based on data collected from the Food Frequency Questionnaire...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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