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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451522/-management-of-benign-esophageal-strictures-a-literature-review
#1
Leonardo Frazzoni, Marina La Marca, Amedeo Montale, Lorenzo Fuccio
The management of benign esophageal strictures is challenging. The first strategy includes endoscopic dilation using bougies or balloons. Although the immediate success rate of these is up to 90%, about 30-40% of patients experience recurrent dysphagia within the first year of follow-up. The management of refractory stenosis involves repeated sessions of endoscopic dilation. In order to obtain long-lasting functional results, alternative treatments have been developed, such as the use of self-expanding stents, particularly indicated in subgroups of patients with post-surgical stenosis or post-radiation therapy...
January 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444278/effectiveness-of-modified-oral-steroid-administration-for-preventing-esophageal-stricture-after-entire-circumferential-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#2
T Iizuka, D Kikuchi, S Hoteya, M Kaise
Esophageal stricture occurs at a high rate after endoscopic submucosal dissection, especially after entire circumferential dissection, leading to poor quality of life. This retrospective cohort study evaluated the stricture rate in circumferential mucosal defect cases following modified steroid administration. We enrolled 22 consecutive patients who underwent entire circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection for superficial esophageal cancer between April 2010 and April 2015 at our hospital. Until January 2013, a systemic steroid-prednisolone-was administered at 30 mg/day and tapered over 8 weeks in the original method group (original group)...
February 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430220/esophageal-metastatic-adenocarcinoma-diagnosed-with-endoscopic-ultrasound
#3
Guo Xiang Jonathan Teh, Damien Tan, Jen Lock Khor, Wei Keat Wan, Yu Tien Wang
Metastasis to the esophagus from a distant primary cancer is a rare manifestation in a patient with a history of oncological disease presenting with obstructive upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Computed tomography of the thorax or esophagogastroduodenoscopy can be non-diagnostic as the disease tends to be submucosal. In such a situation, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with fine needle aspiration (FNA) can be directed to characterize and sample the submucosal esophageal lesion. We present a case series of metastatic esophageal strictures diagnosed with EUS and FNA...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429770/structural-airway-abnormalities-contribute-to-dysphagia-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#4
Katherine J Baxter, Lauren M Baxter, April M Landry, Mark L Wulkan, Amina M Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Long-term dysphagia occurs in up to 50% of repaired esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (EA/TEF) patients. The underlying factors are unclear and may include stricture, esophageal dysmotility, or associated anomalies. Our purpose was to determine whether structural airway abnormalities (SAA) are associated with dysphagia in EA/TEF. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children who underwent EA/TEF repair in our hospital system from 2007 to 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423892/total-vs-proximal-gastrectomy-for-adenocarcinoma-of-the-upper-third-of-the-stomach-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-a-multicenter-western-experience-on-behalf-of-the-italian-research-group-for-gastric-cancer-gircg
#5
Fausto Rosa, Giuseppe Quero, Claudio Fiorillo, Massimiliano Bissolati, Chiara Cipollari, Stefano Rausei, Damiano Chiari, Laura Ruspi, Giovanni de Manzoni, Guido Costamagna, Giovanni Battista Doglietto, Sergio Alfieri
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to compare surgical outcomes including postoperative complications and prognosis between total gastrectomy (TG) and proximal gastrectomy (PG) for proximal gastric cancer (GC). Propensity-score-matching analysis was performed to overcome patient selection bias between the two surgical techniques. METHODS: Among 457 patients who were diagnosed with GC between January 1990 and December 2010 from four Italian institutions, 91 underwent PG and 366 underwent TG...
February 8, 2018: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420854/transgastric-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-esophageal-cancer-with-cervical-stricture
#6
Yuichi Shimodate, Yoshio Nagahisa, Motowo Mizuno
A 60-year-old man with a severe cervical stricture and pharyngocutaneous fistula caused by total laryngopharyngectomy and radiochemotherapy (70 Gy) for laryngeal cancer underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy using a small-caliber endoscope (Olympus GIF-XP290N). A 15-mm superficially depressed lesion in the irradiated area of the cervical esophagus and a 30-mm superficially depressed lesion in the mid esophagus were identified (Fig. 1A-C). Esophagectomy or endoscopic dilation of the cervical stricture was not possible because of the pharyngocutaneous fistula...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417586/office-based-esophageal-dilation-in-head-and-neck-cancer-safety-feasibility-and-cost-analysis
#7
Rebecca J Howell, Melissa A Schopper, John Paul Giliberto, Ryan M Collar, Sid M Khosla
OBJECTIVE: To review experience, safety, and cost of office-based esophageal dilation in patients with history of head and neck cancer (HNCA). METHODS: The medical records of patients undergoing esophageal dilation in the office were retrospectively reviewed between August 2015 and May 2017. Patients were given nasal topical anesthesia. Next, a transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) was performed. If the patient tolerated TNE, we proceeded with esophageal dilation using Seldinger technique with the CRE™ Boston Scientific (Boston Scientific Corp...
February 8, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400418/esophageal-reconstruction-after-oncological-total-laryngopharyngoesophagectomy-algorithmic-approach
#8
Tzu-Yen Chang, Jenn-Ren Hsiao, Wei-Ting Lee, Chun-Yen Ou, Yi-Ting Yen, Yau-Lin Tseng, Shin-Chen Pan, Shyh-Jou Shieh, Yao-Chou Lee
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction for total laryngopharyngoesophagectomy is accomplished mainly by gastrointestinal transposition but can be complicated by anastomotic tension or associated neck-skin defect. Here, we present the results of total esophageal reconstruction by gastrointestinal transposition alone or with additional free tissue transfer and propose an algorithm accordingly. METHODS: We reviewed patients who had oncologic total laryngopharyngoesophagectomy between January 2012 and January 2016...
February 5, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394567/-eight-cases-of-esophagus-and-tracheobronchial-stenting-for-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#9
Yujiro Nakahara, Ko Takachi, Naoto Tsujimura, Masaki Wakasugi, Masaki Hirota, Takashi Matsumoto, Hiroyoshi Takemoto, Kiyonori Nishioka, Satoshi Oshima
Malignant stricture and fistula of the esophagus and tracheobronchus adversely affect the quality of life(QOL)in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. Stenting is one ofthe therapies available for these patients. We investigated the outcomes ofesophagus and tracheobronchial stenting in our institution. Eight patients with advanced esophageal cancer underwent double stenting from 2010 to 2016. Among them, 4 patients underwent double stenting as planned. One patient underwent an emergency tracheal stenting because ofstenosis ofthe trachea caused by esophageal stenting...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383307/colonic-angioectasia-in-an-adolescent-boy-with-hoyeraal-hreidarsson-on-long-term-anabolic-steroid-therapy
#10
Racha Khalaf, Carmen Cuffari
Androgen therapy has proven efficacy in treating patients with bone marrow failure who are not candidates for bone marrow transplantation. Herein, we report on a case of colonic angioectasia secondary to oxymetholone use in an adolescent patient with Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome (HHS). A 13-year-old Caucasian male with HHS characterized by cerebellar hypoplasia, developmental delay, microcephaly, esophageal strictures and myelodysplasia presented with severe hematochezia from colonic angioectasia secondary to long-term oxymetholone therapy...
January 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378603/additional-radiotherapy-following-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-t1a-mm-t1b-sm-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-improves-locoregional-control
#11
Osamu Hisano, Takeshi Nonoshita, Hidenari Hirata, Tomonari Sasaki, Hideyuki Watanabe, Hiroaki Wakiyama, Minoru Ono, Saiji Ohga, Hiroshi Honda
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) can be used as a less invasive treatment option for superficial esophageal cancer involving the muscularis mucosae (T1a-MM) or upper third of the submucosa (T1b-SM1). Additional treatment after ESD is needed to prevent lymph node metastasis. However, the efficacy of radiotherapy following ESD has not been well evaluated. Moreover, the clinical outcomes of patients with large mucosal defects of the esophagus who received radiotherapy after ESD have not been reported...
January 29, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377264/understanding-fibrosis-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-are-we-there-yet
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Armbruster-Lee, Cary P Cavender, Jay A Lieberman, Amali E Samarasinghe
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune/antigen-mediated, progressive fibrostenotic disease characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction and abnormal eosinophilic infiltration in the esophagus. Despite current treatment modalities of dietary antigen elimination or topical corticosteroids, a subset of patients do not have clinical or histologic response. Even with resolution of superficial epithelial eosinophilia, patients may still have progressive subepithelial fibrosis, which may lead to esophageal strictures over time...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361818/preclinical-study-of-novel-curcumin-analogue-ssc-5-using-orthotopic-tumor-xenograft-model-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Lai Nar Tung, Senchuan Song, Kin Tak Chan, Mei Yuk Choi, Ho Yu Lam, Chung Man Chan, Zhiyong Chen, Hector K Wang, Hoi Ting Leung, Simon Law, Yanmin Huang, Huacan Song, Nikki P Lee
Purpose: Tumor xenograft model is an indispensable animal cancer model. In esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) research, orthotopic tumor xenograft model establishes tumor xenograft in the animal esophagus, which allows the study of tumorigenesis in its native microenvironment. Materials and Methods: In this study, we described two simple and reproducible methods to develop tumor xenograft at the cervical or the abdominal esophagus in nude mice by direct injection of ESCC cells in the esophageal wall...
January 24, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357016/new-developments-in-the-diagnosis-therapy-and-monitoring-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#14
REVIEW
Ronak Vashi Patel, Ikuo Hirano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has transformed over the past two decades from a little-known entity to a significant cause of morbidity in the adult and pediatric population. We reviewed the most recent advancements in the diagnosis, therapy, and long-term monitoring of EoE. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on clinical, endoscopic, histologic, immunologic, and genetic similarities, there is growing consensus to move away from distinguishing proton pump inhibitor responsive esophageal eosinophilia as an entity distinct from EoE...
January 22, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351773/treatment-of-long-segment-barrett-s-adenocarcinoma-by-complete-circular-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-a-case-report
#15
Miki Kaneko, Akira Mitoro, Motoyuki Yoshida, Masayoshi Sawai, Yasushi Okura, Masanori Furukawa, Tadashi Namisaki, Kei Moriya, Takemi Akahane, Hideto Kawaratani, Mitsuteru Kitade, Kousuke Kaji, Hiroaki Takaya, Yasuhiko Sawada, Kenichiro Seki, Shinya Sato, Tomomi Fujii, Junichi Yamao, Chiho Obayashi, Hitoshi Yoshiji
BACKGROUND: We present the first description of en bloc endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for total circumferential Barrett's adenocarcinoma, predominantly of the long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE), with a 2-year follow-up and management strategies for esophageal stricture prevention. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with LSBE and Barrett's adenocarcinoma by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). A 55-mm-long circumferential tumor was completely resected by ESD...
January 19, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349540/self-dilation-for-therapy-resistant-benign-esophageal-strictures-towards-a-systematic-approach
#16
Emo E van Halsema, Chantal A 't Hoen, Patricia S de Koning, Wilda D Rosmolen, Jeanin E van Hooft, Jacques J Bergman
BACKGROUND: Patients with therapy-resistant benign esophageal strictures (TRBES) suffer from chronic dysphagia and generally require repeated endoscopic dilations. For selected patients, esophageal self-dilation may improve patient's autonomy and reduce the number of endoscopic dilations. We evaluated the clinical course and outcomes of patients who started esophageal self-dilation at our institution. METHODS: This study was a retrospective case series of patients with TRBES who started esophageal self-dilation between 2012 and 2016 at the Academic Medical Center Amsterdam...
January 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346048/risk-factors-and-prognostic-indicators-for-surgical-outcome-of-dogs-with-esophageal-foreign-body-obstructions
#17
Brigitte A Brisson, Shannon H Wainberg, Sarah Malek, Stephanie Reabel, Alice Defarges, William C Sears
OBJECTIVE To determine risk factors for surgical intervention, complications, and outcome in dogs with an esophageal foreign body (EFB). DESIGN Retrospective observational study. ANIMALS 224 incidents of EFB in 223 dogs evaluated at a veterinary teaching hospital from 1995 through 2014. PROCEDURES Hospital records were reviewed to collect data regarding signalment, history, clinical signs, EFB type and location, procedures, complications, and outcomes. Breed distributions were compared between dogs with EFB and the entire canine patient population during the study period...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340554/fundoplication-conversion-in-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-for-control-of-obesity-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-systematic-review
#18
Antônio Moreira Mendes-Filho, Eduardo Sávio Nascimento Godoy, Helga Cristina Almeida Wahnon Alhinho, Manoel Dos Passos Galvão-Neto, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Álvaro Antônio Bandeira Ferraz, Josemberg Marins Campos
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is related with higher incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Antireflux surgery has inadequate results when associated with obesity, due to migration and/or subsequent disruption of antireflux wrap. Gastric bypass, meanwhile, provides good control of gastroesophageal reflux. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical difficulty in performing gastric bypass in patients previously submitted to antireflux surgery, and its effectiveness in controlling gastroesophageal reflux...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333824/eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-esophageal-atresia-coincidence-or-causality
#19
Karen V Stave Salgado, Ana M Rocca
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an immune-mediated chronic disease of the esophagus characterized by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and tissue eosinophilia. In the endoscopy, the esophageal mucosa may appear normal or show exudates, rings, edema, furrows, and strictures. Its management is based on elimination diet, topical corticosteroids and/or esophageal dilation. Atresia is the most common congenital alteration of the esophagus; it requires surgical repair and poses potential complications, such as gastroesophageal reflux, strictures, and esophageal dysmotility...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324645/esophageal-web-in-a-down-syndrome-infant-a-rare-case-report
#20
Nirmala Thomas, Roy J Mukkada, Muhammed Jasim Abdul Jalal, Nisha Narayanankutty
We describe the rare case of an infant with trisomy 21 who presented with recurrent vomiting and aspiration pneumonia and a failure to thrive. Infants with Down's syndrome have been known to have various problems in the gastrointestinal tract. In the esophagus, what have been described are dysmotility, gastroesophageal reflux and strictures. This infant on evaluation was found to have an esophageal web and simple endoscopic dilatation relieved the infant of her symptoms. No similar case has been reported in literature...
January 11, 2018: Children
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