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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728401/research-trends-in-outdoor-pig-production
#1
Hyun-Suk Park, Sang Hyon Oh
Since the industrialization of swine production in the late 1900s, swine farms in the United States, as well as in Europe, have largely become consolidated. Pig farms became larger in size but fewer in number, with 91% of market pigs being produced by large operations with 5,000 or more pigs on-site in the US, and only 3% of the total utilized agricultural land representing organic farming. Such change in the market made it difficult for small farmers to stay competitive, forcing them to find alternative ways to reduce the cost of production and increase profit using the outdoor production system...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728348/effect-of-antiretroviral-therapy-art-on-change-in-fertility-intentions-of-hiv-positive-women-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-prospective-follow-up-study
#2
Hussen Mekonnen
Objectives: The study aimed to assess change in fertility intentions 12 months after ART initiation among HIV positive women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based follow up study was conducted, among 360 HIV positive women in Addis Ababa; from June 2012 to October 2013. Logistic regression model was used to assess the influence socio-demographic, reproductive health and clinical characteristics on the change in fertility intention of women. Results: Overall, 41...
July 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727833/refugee-and-migrant-women-s-engagement-with-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-in-australia-a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-health-care-professional-perspectives
#3
Zelalem B Mengesha, Janette Perz, Tinashe Dune, Jane Ussher
BACKGROUND: In Australia only 2.2% of published health research has focused on multi-cultural health despite the increase of culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Research on the perceptions and experiences of health care professionals (HCPs) in engaging with refugee and migrant women is also lacking. Given the integral role of HCPs in providing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for these populations, an understanding of the challenges they experience is required...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727731/pregnancy-incidence-and-intention-after-hiv-diagnosis-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#4
Kate Salters, Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Deborah Money, Neora Pick, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Allison Carter, Kath Webster, Tracey Conway, Daniele Dubuc, Nadia O'Brien, Karene Proulx-Boucher, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy incidence rates among women living with HIV (WLWH) have increased over time due to longer life expectancy, improved health status, and improved access to and HIV prevention benefits of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). However, it is unclear whether intended or unintended pregnancies are contributing to observed increases. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727526/zika-and-reproductive-rights-in-brazil-challenge-to-the-right-to-health
#5
Pablo K Valente
The Zika virus epidemic rapidly spread across Brazil and Latin America, gaining international attention because of the causal relationship between Zika and birth defects. The high number of cases in Brazil has been attributed to a failure of the state to contain the epidemic and protect the affected people, especially women. Therefore, the public health crisis created by Zika exposed a stark conflict between Brazil's constitutional right to health and the long-standing violation of reproductive rights in the country...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726748/effect-of-air-pollution-on-menstrual-cycle-length-a-prognostic-factor-of-women-s-reproductive-health
#6
Anna Merklinger-Gruchala, Grazyna Jasienska, Maria Kapiszewska
Air pollution can influence women's reproductive health, specifically menstrual cycle characteristics, oocyte quality, and risk of miscarriage. The aim of the study was to assess whether air pollution can affect the length of the overall menstrual cycle and the length of its phases (follicular and luteal). Municipal ecological monitoring data was used to assess the air pollution exposure during the monitored menstrual cycle of each of 133 woman of reproductive age. Principal component analyses were used to group pollutants (PM10, SO₂, CO, and NOx) to represent a source-related mixture...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723993/healthcare-and-development-a-dialog-with-the-thinking-of-celso-furtado
#7
Laís Silveira Costa, Ligia Bahia, Patrícia Seixas da Costa Braga
Understanding that conditions of health are dependent on more general nationwide factors relating to the level of development means admitting that 'sectorization' of health service is something that tends to limit the formation of knowledge. It also points to the importance of investigating the relationship between health and development, including issues about the processes that feed the persistence of the polarization between modernization and exclusion which has been a history of Brazil's contemporary development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723674/nanoparticles-and-female-reproductive-system-how-do-nanoparticles-affect-oogenesis-and-embryonic-development
#8
REVIEW
Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Along with the increasing application of nanoparticles (NPs) in many walks of life, environmental exposure to NPs has raised considerable health concerns. When NPs enter a pregnant woman's body through inhalation, venous injection, ingestion or skin permeation, maternal toxic stress reactions such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), inflammation, apoptosis and endocrine dyscrasia are induced in different organs, particularly in the reproductive organs. Recent studies have shown that NPs disturb the developing oocyte by invading the protective barrier of theca cells, granulosa cell layers and zona pellucida...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721836/assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-hierarchy-of-risks-for-conception-pregnancy-outcomes-and-treatment-decisions
#9
M J Davies, A R Rumbold, V M Moore
The use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) for the treatment of infertility has grown exponentially over the last 20 years, and now accounts for 4% of all births in Australia, and over 1 m births annually around the globe. There is consistent reporting of increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and birth defects following infertility treatment. However, change in practice has been stymied by critical knowledge gaps with regards to (a) the relative contribution of patient and treatment factors to adverse outcomes, (b) the independent contribution of specific contemporary treatments and treatment combinations to outcomes, (c) the impact of innovations in laboratory and clinical practice on treatment success and observed risk and (d) changes over time in patient characteristics...
August 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721649/health-related-quality-of-life-for-women-ever-experiencing-infertility-or-difficulty-staying-pregnant
#10
Sheree L Boulet, Ruben A Smith, Sara Crawford, Dmitry M Kissin, Lee Warner
INTRODUCTION: Information on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for women with infertility is limited and does not account for the co-occurrence of chronic conditions or emotional distress. METHODS: We used data from state-added questions on reproductive health included in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in seven states. HRQOL indicators included: self-reported health status; number of days in the past 30 days when physical and mental health was not good; number of days in the past 30 days that poor physical or mental health limited activities...
July 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721614/low-doses-of-chlorpyrifos-interfere-with-spermatogenesis-of-rats-through-reduction-of-sex-hormones
#11
Dinithi Champika Peiris, Thamali Dhanushka
Use of pesticides results in indirect effects on human health. We aimed to evaluate implications of toxicological effects of subchronic chlorpyrifos exposure on reproductive function in male rats. A total of 48 adult Wistar male rats were separated into four groups (n = 12). Animals were gavaged with 2.5 mg/kg (T1), 5 mg/kg (T2), or 10 mg/kg (T3) body weight of chlorpyrifos (CPF) or distilled water (control) daily for 30 days. Organ weights, epididymal sperm parameters, DNA integrity, sex hormonal (FHS and LH) levels, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), and creatinine concentrations were determined on day 31...
July 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721183/infertility-in-the-global-south-raising-awareness-and-generating-insights-for-policy-and-practice
#12
T Gerrits, F Van Rooij, T Esho, W Ndegwa, J Goossens, A Bilajbegovic, A Jansen, B Kioko, L Koppen, S Kemunto Migiro, S Mwenda, H Bos
Infertility is a highly prevalent reproductive health condition in the global South, which often has a devastating impact on the people concerned. Yet, thus far it hardly received any attention from policy makers, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) or donors working in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR). For this reason we have set up a project to increase knowledge and awareness about infertility and childlessness among those stakeholders and organizations and to generate insight into (possible) interventions in this field...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721178/global-reproductive-health-why-do-we-persist-in-neglecting-the-undeniable-problem-of-childlessness-in-resource-poor-countries
#13
EDITORIAL
W Ombelet, J Goossens
The consequences of involuntary childlessness in developing countries create more wide-ranging societal problems compared to Western societies, particularly for women. Negative psychosocial and economical consequences for childless couples are often severe and underestimated by the local and international society. Infertility treatment is often limited to certain procedures and certain costumers. Most common arguments against supporting infertility care in resource-poor countries are the "overpopulation" and the "limited resources" argument, but they totally neglect the reproductive rights and systematic exclusion of millions of women from the right to reproduce...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721130/premature-ovarian-failure
#14
REVIEW
Katarzyna Jankowska
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the term usually used to describe women aged younger than 40 years, who present with amenorrhoea, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, and infertility. POF is a devastating diagnosis for reproductive-aged women. The clinical presentation is diverse, and several different disorders can lead to premature ovarian failure. POF has serious health consequences, including psychological distress, infertility, osteoporosis, autoimmune disorders, ischaemic heart disease, and increased risk of mortality...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#15
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719925/acetylated-furostene-glycosides-from-solanum-gilo-fruits
#16
Edwige Nana Tchoupang, Christina Reder, Sylvin Benjamin Ateba, Martin Zehl, Hanspeter Kählig, Dieudonné Njamen, Franziska Höller, Sabine Glasl-Tazreiter, Liselotte Krenn
In continuation of our work on a traditional mixture of spices called "Nkui", used in Cameroon for its influence on women's reproductive health, we investigated the chemical composition of Solanum gilo, one component of "Nkui". A methanolic extract was studied in detail. After dereplication of several known compounds, two furo-5-stene-derived saponin glycosides with acetylated sugar moieties were isolated. By extensive 1- and 2D NMR experiments and HR-MS and GC-MS methods, the structures were elucidated as 26-[(3‴,4‴,6‴-tri-O-acetyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy]-22-hydroxyfurost-5-en-3β-yl-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1″→2')-β-D-glucopyranoside (A) and 26-[(3‴,4‴,6‴-tri-O-acetyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy]-22-hydroxyfurost-5-en-3β-yl-[O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1''''→4')-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1″→2')]-β-D-glucopyranoside (B), both new natural compounds...
July 18, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719635/differential-protein-expression-profile-in-the-hypothalamic-gt1-7-cell-line-after-exposure-to-anabolic-androgenic-steroids
#17
Freddyson J Martínez-Rivera, Juliana Pérez-Laspiur, María E Santiago-Gascot, Abner G Alemán-Reyes, Emanuel García-Santiago, Yolanda Rodríguez-Pérez, Cristhian Calo-Guadalupe, Inelia Otero-Pagán, Roxsana N Ayala-Pagán, Magdiel Martínez, Yisel M Cantres-Rosario, Loyda M Meléndez, Jennifer L Barreto-Estrada
The abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has been considered a major public health problem during decades. Supraphysiological doses of AAS may lead to a variety of neuroendocrine problems. Precisely, the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is one of the body systems that is mainly influenced by steroidal hormones. Fluctuations of the hormonal milieu result in alterations of reproductive function, which are made through changes in hypothalamic neurons expressing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718805/emerging-fusarium-and-alternaria-mycotoxins-occurrence-toxicity-and-toxicokinetics
#18
REVIEW
Sophie Fraeyman, Siska Croubels, Mathias Devreese, Gunther Antonissen
Emerging Fusarium and Alternaria mycotoxins gain more and more interest due to their frequent contamination of food and feed, although in vivo toxicity and toxicokinetic data are limited. Whereas the Fusarium mycotoxins beauvericin, moniliformin and enniatins particularly contaminate grain and grain-based products, Alternaria mycotoxins are also detected in fruits, vegetables and wines. Although contamination levels are usually low (µg/kg range), higher contamination levels of enniatins and tenuazonic acid may occasionally occur...
July 18, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718499/-meeting-contraceptive-needs-of-hiv-positive-women-effect-on-elimination-of-vertical-transmission-of-hiv
#19
Marcela Gómez-Suárez
Nearly 38% of unplanned pregnancies occur because of unmet contraceptive needs. In HIV-positive women, these figures triple, a phenomenon explained by social determinants such as poverty, access to health services, violence, and forced displacement, all of which are frequent elements in the lives of these women. Unplanned pregnancies represent a psychological burden related to women's fear of transmitting the infection to their children, orphanhood, and assuming risks during pregnancy, in addition to family and social consequences that are expressed in lack of prenatal care, neglect of their health, and an increased likelihood of vertical transmission...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718491/-hiv-aids-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-assessing-the-quality-of-the-available-information
#20
Maria Quitéria Batista Meirelles, Ana Karla Bezerra Lopes, Kenio Costa Lima
Objective: To analyze the quality of the information available in the Reportable Disease Information System (SINAN) regarding pregnant women with HIV/AIDS in the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, between 2007 and 2014. Method: The quality of information was analyzed based on completeness (percentage of fields containing values that were not null) of fields (sociodemographic information, epidemiologic maternal history, pre-natal care, and delivery) and on the existence of discrepancy between the data sources analyzed (Natal and Mossoró municipal departments of health, state department of health, and Unified Health System information database, DATASUS)...
December 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
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