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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471443/board-invited-review-immunomodulatory-potential-of-dietary-soybean-derived-isoflavones-and-saponins-in-pigs
#1
B N Smith, R N Dilger
In this review, the potential for use of soy-derived bioactive compounds as immunomodulatory feed additives in pigs is discussed. Soy is a major component of the modern U.S. swine diet in today's commercial industry, providing the bulk of dietary AA necessary for growth and production. However, soy use has generally been limited in early growth phases, during which the risks of immunological insult and disease are among the highest. Improvements of soybean processing and development of soy protein products with little to no antinutritional factors have made soy more appropriate for use in young pigs but additional processing may impact bioactive compound levels in the feed...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471181/clinic-access-and-teenage-birth-rates-racial-ethnic-and-spatial-disparities-in-houston-tx
#2
Megan M Wisniewski, Heather A O'Connell
Teenage motherhood is a pressing issue in the United States, and one that is disproportionately affecting racial/ethnic minorities. In this research, we examine the relationship between the distance to the nearest reproductive health clinic and teenage birth rates across all zip codes in Houston, Texas. Our primary data come from the Texas Department of State Health Services. We use spatial regression analysis techniques to examine the link between clinic proximity and local teenage birth rates for all females aged 15 to 19, and separately by maternal race/ethnicity...
February 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470775/influence-of-body-mass-index-in-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-in-951-non-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-women-followed-at-a-reproductive-medicine-unit
#3
Joana Simões-Pereira, Joaquim Nunes, Ana Aguiar, Sandra Sousa, Cátia Rodrigues, Joaquim Sampaio Matias, Carlos Calhaz-Jorge
PURPOSE: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Obesity/overweight are increasing and may affect the reproductive health. Previous studies regarding the effect of body mass index (BMI) on AMH levels are discordant. Our main goal was to evaluate the influence of BMI on AMH levels in women without polycystic ovarian syndrome. METHODS: Revision of medical records of 951 women who performed AMH determinations as part of their fertility workup, between 2011 and 2016...
February 22, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468520/impact-of-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-metabolites-on-male-reproductive-function-a-systematic-review-of-human-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Birgit Bjerre Høyer, Virissa Lenters, Aleksander Giwercman, Bo A G Jönsson, Gunnar Toft, Karin S Hougaard, Jens Peter E Bonde, Ina Olmer Specht
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to systematically review the literature linking di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) exposure with effects on reproductive health in adult males. RECENT FINDINGS: Thirty-three papers were included of which 28 were cross-sectional. Twenty-one papers investigated semen samples, 18 investigated reproductive hormones, and three studies investigated time to pregnancy. Studies revealed some but inconsistent indications that higher urinary DEHP metabolite levels are associated with an increase in the proportion of spermatozoa with damaged DNA and to a decrease in sperm concentration and motility...
February 21, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466825/responses-to-warnings-about-the-impact-of-eating-disorders-on-fertility-a-qualitative-study
#5
Su Holmes
Eating disorders (EDs) have often been discussed as a risk to reproductive health. But existing research is quantitative in nature, paying no attention to issues of patient experience. In discussing data from 24 semi-structured interviews, this article draws on sociological approaches to medical 'risk' and feminist approaches to EDs to explore how women with experience of an ED responded to fertility warnings within treatment contexts. In doing so, it is suggested that responses to fertility warnings offer unique insight into the potentially damaging limitations of biomedical approaches to eating problems and their focus on EDs as individual 'pathologies' (rather than culturally embedded expressions of gendered embodiment)...
February 21, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466502/endoparasites-in-domestic-animals-surrounding-an-atlantic-forest-remnant-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-state-brazil
#6
Anaiá da Paixão Sevá, Hilda Fátima de Jesus Pena, Alessandra Nava, Amanda Oliveira de Sousa, Luciane Holsback, Rodrigo Martins Soares
Morro do Diabo State Park (MDSP) is a significant remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest in Brazil and is surrounded by rural properties. In that area, wild and domestic animals and humans are in close contact, which facilitates the two-way flow of infectious diseases among them. We assessed endoparasites in domestic livestock from all rural properties surrounding MDSP. There were sampled 197 cattle, 37 horses, 11 sheep, 25 swine, 21 dogs, one cat and 62 groups of chickens from 10 large private properties and 75 rural settlements...
February 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466380/q-fever-in-egypt-epidemiological-survey-of-coxiella-burnetii-specific-antibodies-in-cattle-buffaloes-sheep-goats-and-camels
#7
Jessica Klemmer, John Njeru, Aya Emam, Ahmed El-Sayed, Amira A Moawad, Klaus Henning, Mohamed A Elbeskawy, Carola Sauter-Louis, Reinhard K Straubinger, Heinrich Neubauer, Mohamed M El-Diasty
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. Clinical presentation in humans varies from asymptomatic to flu-like illness and severe sequelae may be seen. Ruminants are often sub-clinically infected or show reproductive disorders such as abortions. In Egypt, only limited data on the epidemiology of Q fever in animals are available. Using a stratified two stage random sampling approach, we evaluated the prevalence of Coxiella burnetii specific antibodies among ruminants and camels in 299 herds...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465658/pathways-to-congenital-syphilis-prevention-a-rapid-qualitative-assessment-of-barriers-and-the-public-health-response-in-caddo-parish-louisiana
#8
Karen Kroeger, Thurka Sangaramoorthy, Penny S Loosier, Rebecca Schmidt, DeAnn Gruber
BACKGROUND: Congenital syphilis (CS) disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minority women, especially in the US South. While CS is relatively easy and inexpensive to prevent through screening and treatment of pregnant women, CS cases have continued to rise and are concentrated in relatively few US counties and states. In 2010, Louisiana had the highest case rate in the country for primary, secondary, and congenital syphilis, with the highest number of CS cases in northwest Louisiana, where Shreveport is located...
January 10, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465649/mycoplasma-genitalium-infection-in-kenyan-and-us-women
#9
Jennifer E Balkus, Lisa E Manhart, Jørgen S Jensen, Omu Anzala, Joshua Kimani, Jane Schwebke, Juma Shafi, Charles Rivers, Emanuel Kabare, R Scott McClelland
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the natural history of Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) infection in women. We retrospectively tested archived vaginal fluid samples to assess MG prevalence, incidence, persistence, recurrence and antimicrobial resistance markers among women participating in the Preventing Vaginal Infections trial, a randomized trial of monthly presumptive treatment to reduce vaginal infections. METHODS: High-risk, nonpregnant, HIV-negative women aged 18-45 from Kenya and the US were randomized to receive metronidazole 750mg + miconazole 200mg intravaginal suppositories or placebo for 5 consecutive nights each month for 12 months...
January 26, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465516/the-correlation-of-a-corporate-culture-of-health-assessment-score-and-health-care-cost-trend
#10
Raymond Fabius, Sharon Glave Frazee, Dixon Thayer, David Kirshenbaum, Jim Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: Employers that strive to create a corporate environment that fosters a culture of health often face challenges when trying to determine the impact of improvements on health care cost trends. This study aims to test the stability of the correlation between health care cost trend and corporate health assessment scores (CHAS) using a culture of health measurement tool. METHODS: Correlation analysis of annual health care cost trend and CHAS on a small group of employers using a proprietary CHAS tool...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465255/-you-have-endometriosis-making-menstruation-related-pain-legitimate-in-a-biomedical-world
#11
Kallia O Wright
In this essay, the author reflects on how biomedical and gendered perceptions of reproductive health can impact an illness experience. Using a narrative lens, she relays the frustration of attempting to have her excessive menstrual pain legitimated and treated when loved ones and medical professionals trivialized it and refused to let her take on the sick role. She recounts incidents that demonstrate the embedded and limiting persistence of gendered perceptions of pain. In the end, she argues that only through strong patient self-advocacy and knowledge can one rewrite the social scripts assigned to how women cope with menstrual pain...
February 21, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463591/optimising-gestational-weight-gain-and-improving-maternal-and-infant-health-outcomes-through-antenatal-dietary-lifestyle-and-physical-activity-advice-the-optimise-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#12
Jodie M Dodd, Andrea R Deussen, Jennie Louise
INTRODUCTION: Obesity represents a significant health burden, and WHO recognises the importance of preventing weight gain and subsequent development of obesity among adults who are within the healthy weight range. Women of reproductive age have demonstrated high rates of weight gain during pregnancy placing them at risk of becoming overweight or obese. We will evaluate the effects of dietary and physical activity advice on maternal, fetal and infant health outcomes, among pregnant women of normal body mass index (BMI)...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463210/barriers-to-and-strategies-for-addressing-the-availability-accessibility-acceptability-and-quality-of-the-sexual-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-adolescent-health-workforce-addressing-the-post-2015-agenda
#13
Caroline S E Homer, Sofia Castro Lopes, Andrea Nove, Michaela Michel-Schuldt, Frances McConville, Nester T Moyo, Martha Bokosi, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender
BACKGROUND: In a post-2015 development agenda, achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC) for women and newborns will require a fit-for-purpose and fit-to-practice sexual, reproductive, maternal, adolescent and newborn health (SRMNAH) workforce. The aim of this paper is to explore barriers, challenges and solutions to the availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality (AAAQ) of SRMNAH services and workforce. METHODS: The State of the World's Midwifery report 2014 used a broad definition of midwifery ("the health services and health workforce needed to support and care for women and newborns") and provided information about a wide range of SRMNAH workers, including doctors, midwives, nurses and auxiliaries...
February 20, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463003/the-mirna-mirage-how-close-are-we-to-finding-a-non-invasive-diagnostic-biomarker-in-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Swati Agrawal, Thomas Tapmeier, Nilufer Rahmioglu, Shona Kirtley, Krina Zondervan, Christian Becker
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common disorder of the reproductive age group, characterised by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue. The disease not only causes enormous suffering to the affected women, but also brings a tremendous medical and economic burden to bear on society. There is a long lag phase between the onset and diagnosis of the disease, mainly due to its non-specific symptoms and the lack of a non-invasive test. Endometriosis can only be diagnosed invasively by laparoscopy...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462326/secreted-frizzled-related-protein-2-sfrp2-expression-promotes-lesion-proliferation-via-canonical-wnt-signaling-and-indicates-lesion-borders-in-extraovarian-endometriosis
#15
T Heinosalo, M Gabriel, L Kallio, P Adhikari, K Huhtinen, T D Laajala, E Kaikkonen, A Mehmood, P Suvitie, H Kujari, T Aittokallio, A Perheentupa, M Poutanen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of SFRP2 in endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: SFRP2 acts as a canonical WNT/CTNNB1 signaling agonist in endometriosis, regulating endometriosis lesion growth and indicating endometriosis lesion borders together with CTNNB1 (also known as beta catenin). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis is a common, chronic disease that affects women of reproductive age, causing pain and infertility, and has significant economic impact on national health systems...
February 15, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462093/contraception-for-midlife-women-a-review
#16
Taniqua A Miller, Rebecca H Allen, Andrew M Kaunitz, Carrie A Cwiak
Family planning represents a key component of reproductive health care. Accordingly, the provision of contraception must span the reproductive age spectrum, including perimenopause. The risk of pregnancy is decreased, but not trivial, among women over 40 years of age. Evidence-based guidelines for contraceptive use can assist clinicians in counseling their patients in this population. Intrauterine contraception is one of the most effective methods and is safe to use in midlife women with few exceptions. Progestin-only contraception is another safe option for most midlife women because it is not associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular complications...
February 16, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461330/sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-hiv-positive-adolescents
#17
Lisa Hamzah, Elizabeth Hamlyn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize data in the last 18 months on the sexual and reproductive health of perinatally and horizontally infected adolescents and young people living with HIV (age 13-25 years) and to highlight some key issues faced by this group of adolescents as they reach puberty and sexual debut. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescents and young people living with HIV are a growing cohort worldwide and a significant proportion engage in high-risk sexual activity, pose risk of onward HIV transmission, yet have poor access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and lack the knowledge and support to advocate for their needs...
February 15, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460674/exploring-reproductive-coercion-in-relationship-contexts-among-young-adult-primarily-african-american-women-at-three-women-s-health-clinics
#18
Mary T Paterno, Jessica E Draughon Moret, Anna Paskausky, Jacquelyn C Campbell
Understanding reproductive coercion experiences in marginalized populations is important to assist in tailoring care and services. Reproductive coercion is consistently associated with intimate partner violence (IPV), engaging in sexual risk-taking, and is more commonly reported among non-White women. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a mixed methods study to examine reproductive coercion in relationship contexts among a sample ( N = 130) of young adult, primarily African American women recruited from three women's health clinics; 12 also participated in an in-depth interview...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460377/obstetric-providers-willing-to-accept-women-s-preferences-for-mode-of-delivery
#19
Adeline A Boatin
Access to a safe caesarean delivery is a corner stone of comprehensive and quality reproductive health care. And yet, when performed for non-medically indicated reasons, caesarean delivery has been associated with higher rates of infection, haemorrhage, surgical injury and death (Vogel et al, BJOG, 2014, 121, 76-88). As outlined by Rivo et al, Latin American and Caribbean countries have the highest caesarean delivery rates globally, with over 40% of women delivering by caesarean. This article is protected by copyright...
February 20, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460099/r-0-host-longevity-matters
#20
L M Viljoen, L Hemerik, J Molenaar
The basic reproduction ratio, R0 , is a fundamental concept in epidemiology. It is defined as the total number of secondary infections brought on by a single primary infection, in a totally susceptible population. The value of R0 indicates whether a starting epidemic reaches a considerable part of the population and causes a lot of damage, or whether it remains restricted to a relatively small number of individuals. To calculate R0 one has to evaluate an integral that ranges over the duration of the infection of the host...
February 19, 2018: Acta Biotheoretica
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