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anemia elderly latin america

Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar, Julia Tizue Fukushima, Juliano Pinheiro de Almeida, Eduardo Atsushi Osawa, Filomena Regina Barbosa Gomes Galas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anemia has been demonstrated to be detrimental in several populations such as high-surgical-risk patients, critically ill elderly, and cardiac patients. Red blood cell transfusion is the most commonly prescribed therapy for anemia. Despite being life-saving, it carries a risk that ranges from mild complications to death. The aim of this review is to discuss the risks of anemia and blood transfusion, and to describe recent developments in the strategies to reduce allogeneic blood transfusion...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Eduardo Atalah, Hugo Amigo, Patricia Bustos
BACKGROUND: Chile has probably experienced Latin America's fastest nutritional transition, as evidenced by very low rates of stunting, but the country shows a high prevalence of obesity in most population groups. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess the existence of a double burden of nutritional problems in Chile on the basis of available data. DESIGN: Secondary analyses were conducted on data collected by the Health Ministry (height and weight for children aged <6 y and for adults aged ≥65 y), the Education Ministry (height and weight in the first year of primary school and the first year of high school), the 2003 and 2009-2010 National Health Surveys [body mass index (BMI) and anemia prevalence], the 2010-2011 National Food Consumption Survey (ENCA; food consumption, height, and weight), and a Food Insecurity Survey of elderly adults (aged 65-74 y) in Santiago (height, weight, and food insecurity)...
December 2014: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Simon Brooker, Anne Jardim-Botelho, Rupert J Quinnell, Stefan M Geiger, Iramaya R Caldas, Fiona Fleming, Peter J Hotez, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira, Laura C Rodrigues, Jeffrey M Bethony
Surprisingly few detailed age-stratified data exist on the epidemiology of hookworm and iron status, especially in Latin America. We present data from a cross-sectional survey examining 1332 individuals aged 0-86 years from a community in south-east Brazil for hookworm, anaemia and iron deficiency. Sixty-eight percent of individuals were infected with the human hookworm Necator americanus. The force of infection (lambda=0.354) was similar to estimates from other areas of high hookworm transmission. Individuals from poorer households had significantly higher prevalence and intensity of infection than individuals from better-off households...
February 2007: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
A M Weissman
BACKGROUND: The Central and South American immigrant population in the United States is large and growing. A review of the preventive health care needs of this population has not previously been done but would be helpful to clinicians caring for immigrants in this country. METHODS: Using MEDLINE, the literature related to immigrants and their health status was searched, using the key words "immigrant," "refugee," "South/Central/Latin America," "health status," "screening," "nutrition," "parasites," "stomach/gastric cancer," "children," and "psychological...
July 1994: Journal of the American Board of Family Practice
R Carmel, C S Johnson, J M Weiner
Pernicious anemia is widely regarded as a disease of the elderly. However, it is expressed differently in black women, among the most striking differences being their younger age at presentation of the disease compared with whites. We now compared 92 Latin-American patients with 115 white and 100 black patients to see if similar age differences occur in other racial groups. Latin-American men and women were both significantly younger than white men and women, and were similar in age to blacks. Only 21% of Latin-American patients were 70 years of age or older, compared with 49% of whites...
November 1987: Archives of Internal Medicine
A Horwitz
As a contribution to the formulation of food guidelines and nutritional goals for Latin America, this article examines the singular situation of the elderly, defined as those persons over 60 years of age. The projected data for the year 2025, published by the Population Department of the United Nations, show that this age group represents an important sector--6.4% of the population in 1980--that is growing. Some countries, however, do have a rate that is comparable to the United States, 11.3%, such as Argentina, 12...
September 1988: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
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