Read by QxMD icon Read

treatment of neumonia

Cristina Pinto, Roberto Reig Valero, Antonio Iadeluca, Sonia Lomuscio, Tiziana Caldarulo, Anna Sponton
The incidence of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) varies between 8 and 28% on patients with invasive mechanical ventilation, and it is associated with high mortality rates. The international literature indicates that the VAP has some risk factors that cannot be changed and some other that are closely related to nursing care procedures. The aim of this study is to analyze compliance level to the protocol of nursing prevention of the VAP in the ICU of "General Hospital" in Castellon de la Plana (Spain) within the project "Neumonía Zero"...
July 2015: Professioni Infermieristiche
Antoni Torres, José Barberán, Miquel Falguera, Rosario Menéndez, Jesús Molina, Pedro Olaechea, Alejandro Rodríguez
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is an infectious respiratory disease with an incidence that ranges from 3 to 8 cases per 1,000 inhabitants per year. This incidence increases with age and comorbidities. Forty per cent of CAP patients require hospitalization and around 10% of these patients are admitted in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Several studies have suggested that the implementation of clinical guidelines has a positive impact in the outcome of patients including mortality and length of stay. The more recent and used guidelines are those from Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society, published in 2007, the 2009 from the British Thoracic Society, and that from the European Respiratory Society/European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, published in 2010...
March 2, 2013: Medicina Clínica
Noris Moreno-Flagge, Vicente Bayard, Evelia Quirós, Tomás Alonso
The aim is to review the encephalitis in infants and adolescents as well as its etiology, clinical manifestation, epidemiology, physiopathology, diagnostic methods and treatment, and the neuropsyquiatric signs appearing an influenza epidemy. Encephalitis is an inflammation of the central nervous system (CNS) which involves the brain. The clinical manifestations usually are: headache, fever and confusional stage. It could also be manifested as seizures, personality changes, or psiqyiatric symptoms. The clinical manifestations are related to the virus and the cell type affected in the brain...
2009: Medicina
C M Luna, P Aruj, M S Niederman, J Garzón, D Violi, A Prignoni, F Ríos, S Baquero, S Gando
Inappropriate therapy (IT) and delayed initiation of appropriate therapy (DIAT) result in inadequate therapy in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The aim of the current study was to assess the impact of DIAT in VAP. A total of 76 mechanically ventilated patients with bacteriologically confirmed VAP were prospectively evaluated in the intensive care unit of six hospitals in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Appropriate therapy was defined as coverage of all the identified pathogens by the antimicrobial therapy administered at the time of VAP clinical diagnosis...
January 2006: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
C M Luna, A Monteverde, A Rodríguez, C Apezteguia, G Zabert, S Ilutovich, G Menga, W Vasen, A R Díez, J Mera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2005: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Carlos M Luna, Aníbal Calmaggi, Oscar Caberloto, Jorge Gentile, Ricardo Valentini, Julian Ciruzzi, Liliana Clara, Oscar Rizzo, Sergio Lasdica, Marcelo Blumenfeld, Guillermo Benchetrit, Angela Famiglietti, Carlos Apezteguia, Alfredo Monteverde
Clinical practice guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) contribute to improve patient's management. CAP undergoes continuous changes in etiology, epidemiology and antimicrobial sensitivity, requiring periodic guidelines revisions. An inter-society committee designed this guidelines dividing it into several topics based on prior guidelines and recent clinical studies. CAP compromises annually more than 1% of the population; most of the cases only require outpatient care but others are severe cases, reaching the 6th cause of death in Argentina...
2003: Medicina
P Ispahani, V C Weston, D P Turner, F E Donald
Pneumonia and meningitis are the 2 most frequent manifestations of Streptococcus neumoniae infection. Pneumococcal septic arthritis is considered to be relatively uncommon. Between 1985 and 1998, 32 (8. 2%) of 389 cases of septic arthritis seen in the 2 hospitals in Nottingham, United Kingdom, were due to S. pneumoniae. Six of 7 children with pneumococcal septic arthritis were aged <2 years. Of the 25 adults, 20 (80%) were aged >60 years, 11 (44%) had concomitant pneumococcal infection elsewhere, and 23 (92%) had articular or nonarticular diseases and/or other risk factors...
December 1999: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
C A Alvarez Marcos, J Noval Menéndez, J Alfonso Megido, F Domínguez Iglesias, R Hevia Llama, M A Ramos Barriga
Internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis is an infrequent complications, associated in the past to pharyngeal and amygdaline infections but related today to the use of catheters and intravenous drugs. The present paper reports the case of a patient who underwent total laryngectomy and functional neck dissection, developing recurrent neumonias and sepsis in the postoperative period which were secondary to an homolateral jugular thrombophlebitis. A physical exploration with no findings and the poor resolution of CT scan and ultrasound due to postsurgical alterations, lead to a late diagnosis and fatal evolution, in spite of the medical and surgical treatment...
March 1995: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
L Gorostiaga Ganzarain, J A Tovar Larrucea, J Arana García, I Tapia Garmendia
We have studied for periods averaging 111 months 16 survivors out of a series of 20 children treated for oesophageal atresia (EA) by neonatal end-to-end anastomosis. Twelve of them had gastroesophageal reflux (GER) manifested by either digestive (vomiting, dysphagia, pyrosis, haemorrhage or foreign body impaction) or respiratory symptoms (repeated neumoniae or frequent u.r.i.). pH-studies decealed very increased acid exposure in these patients. Manometric studies showed disorganized peristalsis with near-absence of propulsive waves and predominance of mass-contractions...
September 1991: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
A Buogo, V Zavaglio
Some in vivo experiments of therapeutic activity in severe experimental infection (intracranial) in the mouse due to different strains of Mycoplasma proved the high efficacy of the antibiotic aminosidine when administered subcutaneously at the dose of 30 mg/kg and have also demonstrated that oral treatment is moderately effective against Mycoplasma hominis 2. Sensitivity test carried out in vitro on the same Mycoplasma strains confirmed the bactericidal activity of aminosidine. These experiments have therefore shown that the therapeutic spectrum of aminosidine, which includes Gram-positive, Gram-negative, acid-fast bacteria and some protozoa, may be enlarged to include the genus Mycoplasma...
December 1975: Il Farmaco; Edizione Scientifica
J Rodríguez-Alarcón Gómez, R Jaquotot, D López-Chico
Eight newborn infants having previously received broad spectrum antibiotics were treated with intravenous chloranphenicol succinate for sepsis-meningitis during a klebsiella neumoniae outbreak. Five of them survived without sequelae. Over the third week of treatment two infants developed a transient bone marrow suppresion accompanied by a "pseudo-septic" clinical picture; this syndrome, that we have not found previously reported, was benign, disappearing when the drug was discontinued.
April 1977: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"