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Fertility awareness

Sylvia L R Wood, Jeanine M Rhemtulla, Oliver T Coomes
In the study of shifting cultivation systems, fallow duration is seen as the key determinant of vegetation and soil dynamics: long fallows renew soil fertility, biomass and biodiversity. However, long fallow systems are increasingly replaced around the world with short-medium fallow systems, and awareness is growing of the need to look across multiple (not just single) crop-fallow cycles to accurately understand observed soil and vegetation patterns. In a study from Peru that builds on field-level land-use histories (50+ years), we found that over multiple crop-fallow cycles, farmer's cropping practices mattered more than fallow duration for biodiversity and soil fertility...
October 22, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
Sheng-Miauh Huang, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Yvonne Hsiung, Ling-Ming Tseng, Ping-Ho Chen, Chia Tai Hung
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that women with cancer experience infertility after cancer-related treatment. With the rapid progress in fertility science, women face diverse and uncertain choices regarding pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand the decision-making process regarding fertility choices among reproductive-age women with cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: Grounded theory methodology guided data collection using in-depth interviews with 18 women diagnosed and treated for cancer...
October 6, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Olumide Abiodun, Kamil Alausa, Olanrewaju Olasehinde
BACKGROUND: An emerging pattern of increasing median age at first birth among women has been well documented in Western countries. A similar but less remarkable trend is being experienced in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a paucity of information in Sub-Saharan Africa about awareness of age-related fertility decline. The aim of this study was to assess the perception of fertility, childbirth intentions and parenting attitudes among university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 231 female and 158 male students randomly selected university undergraduates in Nigeria using a self-reported questionnaire...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
F Lotti, G Corona, G Castellini, E Maseroli, M G Fino, M Cozzolino, M Maggi
STUDY QUESTION: Is sexual dysfunction associated with severity of semen quality impairment in men with couple infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: In males of infertile couples the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) increases as a function of semen quality impairment severity. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infertile men are at a higher risk for sexual dysfunction, psychopathological and general health disorders. However, it has never been systematically investigated if these problems are associated with severity of semen quality impairment...
October 12, 2016: Human Reproduction
Lu Yan, Chenxue Gong, Xiaofeng Zhang, Quan Zhang, Meirong Zhao, Cui Wang
The escalating demand for fipronil by the increasing insects' resistance to synthetic pyrethroids placed a burden on aquatic vertebrates. Although awareness regarding the toxicity of fipronil to fish is arising, the integral alteration caused by fipronil remains unexplored. Here, we investigated on the development toxicity of fipronil and the metabolic physiology perturbation at 120h post fertilization through GC-MS metabolomics on zebrafish embryo. We observed that fipronil dose-dependently induced malformations including uninflated swim bladder and bent spine...
October 5, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga, Aurélie Macias, Jennifer Hasselgard-Rowe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Tshimungu Kandolo Félicien, Henk Verloo, Ngoyi K Zacharie Bukonda, Philippe Chastonay
BACKGROUND: Global efforts to end female genital mutilation (FGM) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls. Articles on FGM have been published highlighting the combined efforts of international and non-governmental organizations, governments, as well as religious and civil society groups to end the practice. However, the consequences of this research are not well known, and it seems that the socioeconomic aspects of the practice are underreported...
2016: Global Health Action
Eri Maeda, Fumiaki Nakamura, Jacky Boivin, Yasuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Sugimori, Hidekazu Saito
Although fertility educational initiatives have increased in developed countries to prevent infertility and to broaden fertility choices, the relationship between knowledge and behaviour is still poorly understood. In order to investigate the association between fertility knowledge and timing of childbearing, we investigated male and female participants between 35 and 44 years of age who had children (n = 640) from an online survey conducted in Japan in 2013. The age at which participants actually gave birth to or fathered their first child was compared between those who were aware for at least a decade of age-related decline in female fertility (hereinafter, those with past fertility knowledge) and those without...
October 5, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
Kathrine Birch Petersen
The overall aim of this thesis was to validate the new concept of the Fertility Assessment and Counselling (FAC) Clinic at Rigshospitalet. The intention was to: explore the prognostic value of fertility risk factors by a risk score and provide an estimate of female fecundity, to quantify the impact of oral contraception (OC) on ovarian reserve parameters defined as Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH), Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and ovarian volume, and to gain knowledge of attitudes and considerations toward family formation in women of advanced age...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Saipriya Tewari, Poonam Bhadoria, Sonia Wadhawan, Sudha Prasad, Amit Kohli
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Day care surgery is an important arena for monitors of anesthetic depth where minimizing drug use is essential for rapid turnover. Underdosage, on the other hand, carries the risks of intraoperative awareness and pain. Transvaginal oocyte retrieval (TVOR), often performed under total intravenous anesthesia using propofol and fentanyl in Indian patients, is a procedure of special interest because, in addition to the above concerns, toxic effects of propofol on oocytes have been described...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Helen B Chin, Penelope P Howards, Michael R Kramer, Ann C Mertens, Jessica B Spencer
OBJECTIVE: To assess which characteristics are associated with failure to receive fertility counseling among a cohort of young women diagnosed with cancer. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,282 cancer survivors, of whom 1,116 met the inclusion criteria for the analysis. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The main outcome in this study was whether or not women reported receiving any information at the time of their cancer diagnosis on how cancer treatment might affect their ability to become pregnant...
September 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Seline Tam, Natasha Puri, Derek Stephens, Laura Mitchell, Meredith Giuliani, Janet Papadakos, Abha A Gupta
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients under 40 should be made aware of their fertility risks and preservation options throughout their care. However, discussions on fertility preservation (FP) do not routinely occur. With a dearth of FP resources, oncology providers may lack knowledge around FP. Thus, informational needs can be unmet, leading to anxiety and distress in patients. Provision of pertinent and timely information can help patients cope better with their diagnosis. FP pamphlets were developed for men and women with cancer...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Joseph V Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Ana Espinosa De Ycaza, Alice Y Chang, Jani R Jensen, Zaraq Khan, Dana Erickson
OBJECTIVE: To describe 2 cases of macroprolactinomas with atypical presentation in women desiring pregnancy that illustrate important considerations in the management approach for macroprolactinomas in reproductive-aged women. PATIENTS: Case 1 was a 26-year-old woman referred to our institution for possible tumor resection after pituitary apoplexy during her first pregnancy. Instead, she underwent treatment with cabergoline for a year with goals of normalization of prolactin and decrease in tumor size to <1 cm before trying to conceive...
October 2015: Case Rep Womens Health
Salvatore Gizzo, Marco Noventa, Michela Quaranta, Roberta Venturella, Amerigo Vitagliano, Michele Gangemi, Donato D'Antona
In the era of very late, or advanced, motherhood, in which 'egg banks', 'social' egg‑freezing, egg donation and surrogacy represent a potential solution to a number of obstacles to human reproduction, what is the role of scientists and clinicians involved in assisted reproduction? In light of the apprehension that, in the future, through fertility treatment infertility may be passed on to the offspring, boundaries of medical vs. 'social' infertility are being created. Scientists and clinicians are joining forces in a synergistic effort to improve the effectiveness of infertility care by introducing novel therapeutic protocols with the intent of customising care and improving cost‑effectiveness, testing novel drugs and formulations, and searching for novel markers (for estimating biological age) and nomograms (to optimise the yield of a controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycle)...
September 19, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Celia Hoi Yan Chan, Hi Po Bobo Lau, Michelle Yi Jun Tam, Ernest Hung Yu Ng
STUDY QUESTION: What is the relationship between decisional conflict, decisional regret and psychological well-being in women following unsuccessful IVF cycles? SUMMARY ANSWER: The mediating effect of decisional regret on the relationship between decisional conflict and fertility-related quality of life (FRQOL) has been found to be moderated by the availability (versus absence) of frozen embryos after an unsuccessful IVF cycle. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infertility treatment is marked by its open-ended nature...
September 22, 2016: Human Reproduction
Michael A Perelman
The Sexual Tipping Point(®) (STP) model is an integrated approach to the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of men with delayed ejaculation (DE), including all subtypes manifesting ejaculatory delay or absence [registered trademark owned by the MAP Educational Fund, a 501(c)(3) public charity]. A single pathogenetic pathway does not exist for sexual disorders generally and that is also true for DE specifically. Men with DE have various bio-psychosocial-behavioral & cultural predisposing, precipitating, maintaining, and contextual factors which trigger, reinforce, or worsen the probability of DE occurring...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Camran Nezhat, Anjie Li, Sozdar Abed, Erika Balassiano, Rose Soliemannjad, Azadeh Nezhat, Ceana H Nezhat, Farr Nezhat
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The relationship between leiomyoma and endometriosis is poorly understood. Both contribute to considerable pain and may cause subfertility or infertility in women. We conducted this retrospective study to assess the rate of coexistence of endometriosis in women with symptomatic leiomyoma. The primary outcome measured was the coexistence of histology-proven endometriosis in women with symptomatic leiomyoma. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of a data-based collection of medical records of 244 patients treated at a tertiary medical center, who were evaluated for symptomatic leiomyoma from March 2011 through December 2015...
July 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Tamara Diesch, Nicolas Xavier von der Weid, Gabor Szinnai, Sabine Schaedelin, Christian De Geyter, Alicia Rovó
Fertility preservation (FP) is an important topic of discussion in the field of oncology, particularly in pediatric oncology. Despite the awareness of severe impact of infertility on quality of life and different guidelines available in this area, the options in FP are not routinely discussed with the pediatric cancer patients and their parents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first survey report concerned to FP counseling and procedures in pediatric and adolescent cancer patients in Switzerland. This survey was conducted from June 2014 to October 2014 on the counseling and procedures performed between 2009 and 2013; the questionnaire was completed by one of the professional from hematology/oncology centers in Switzerland...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
Sara Deatsman, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Alice Rhoton-Vlasak
OBJECTIVE: Fertility declines as women age. Advancing maternal age increases pregnancy risks such as diabetes or hypertension. Studies suggest women are not aware of the risks of aging on fertility and pregnancy. The study objective was to assess women's knowledge of fertility and reproductive outcomes affected by aging. METHODS: Prospective IRB approved survey of women (n=94) attending an obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) clinic. Data collected included demographics, pregnancy history, and knowledge of age-related fertility decline and pregnancy risks...
2016: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
Anette Huuse Farmen, Jacob Holter Grundt, Torbjörn Tomson, Karl O Nakken, Jakob Nakling, Petter Mowinchel, Merete Øie, Morten I Lossius
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate birth rates and use of hormonal contraception in different age groups among women with epilepsy (WWE) in comparison to women without epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data and medical information on more than 25,000 pregnant women (40,000 births), representing 95% of all pregnancies in Oppland County, Norway, were registered in the Oppland Perinatal Database in the period 1989-2011. Data were analyzed with respect to epilepsy diagnoses, and 176 women with a validated epilepsy diagnosis (303 pregnancies) were identified...
August 2016: Brain and Behavior
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