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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774264/development-of-a-health-promotion-programme-to-improve-awareness-of-factors-that-affect-fertility-and-evaluation-of-its-reach-in-the-first-5-years
#1
Karin Hammarberg, Robert J Norman, Sarah Robertson, Robert McLachlan, Janet Michelmore, Louise Johnson
Awareness among people of reproductive age about the factors that influence fertility and reproductive outcomes, including medically assisted reproduction outcomes, is generally low. To improve awareness about the potentially modifiable factors that affect fertility and reproductive outcomes, 'Your Fertility', a fertility health promotion programme funded by the Australian Government, was established in 2011. This paper describes the development and evaluation of the reach of the Your Fertility programme from its inception in 2011 to June 2016...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774262/the-need-to-improve-fertility-awareness
#2
Joyce Harper, Jacky Boivin, Helen C O'Neill, Kate Brian, Jennifer Dhingra, Grace Dugdale, Genevieve Edwards, Lucy Emmerson, Bola Grace, Alison Hadley, Laura Hamzic, Jenny Heathcote, Jessica Hepburn, Lesley Hoggart, Fiona Kisby, Sue Mann, Sarah Norcross, Lesley Regan, Susan Seenan, Judith Stephenson, Harry Walker, Adam Balen
Women and men globally are delaying the birth of their first child. In the UK, the average age of first conception in women is 29 years. Women experience age-related fertility decline so it is important that men and women are well-informed about this, and other aspects of fertility. A group of UK stakeholders have established the Fertility Education Initiative to develop tools and information for children, adults, teachers, parents and healthcare professionals dedicated to improving knowledge of fertility and reproductive health...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774260/can-the-uk-s-birth-registration-system-better-serve-the-interests-of-those-born-following-collaborative-assisted-reproduction
#3
Marilyn A Crawshaw, Eric D Blyth, Julia Feast
Current birth registration systems fail to serve adequately the interests of those born as a result of gamete and embryo donation and surrogacy. In the UK, changes to the birth registration system have been piecemeal, reactive and situation-specific and no information is recorded about gamete donors. Birth registration has thereby become a statement of legal parentage and citizenship only, without debate as to whether it should serve any wider functions. This sits uneasily with the increasingly accepted human right to know one's genetic and gestational as well as legal parents, and the duty of the State to facilitate that right...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747844/corrigendum-to-response-to-guzman-et-al-the-use-of-fertility-awareness-methods-fam-among-young-adult-latina-and-black-women-contraception-89-1-2014-67-67
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731401/adverse-effects-of-common-sports-and-recreational-activities-on-male-reproduction
#5
REVIEW
Kush Panara, John M Masterson, Luis F Savio, Ranjith Ramasamy
CONTEXT: Male factor infertility plays a significant role in infertility. Many factors have been associated with male infertility; however, the link between many sports and recreational factors and male reproduction remains poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current literature regarding the impact of many common sports and recreational factors on male reproduction. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive PubMed and Embase search for relevant articles published between 1970 and 2017 was performed by combining the following search terms: male, sports (including individual sports), traumatic brain injury, sauna, hot tub, fertility, erectile dysfunction, varicocele, environment, cell phone, and laptop computer...
May 3, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719026/postponing-childbearing-and-fertility-preservation-in-young-professional-women
#6
Emily G Hurley, Ilana B Ressler, Samantha Young, April Batcheller, Michael A Thomas, Krystene B DiPaola, Julie Rios
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate young women's awareness of ovarian reserve testing and oocyte cryopreservation (OC) and assess how testing ovarian reserve may affect the desire for fertility preservation. METHODS: Three questionnaire-based observational studies were conducted among female students/young professionals 20 years of age and older. The third survey was completed after participants were offered anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) testing. The main outcomes measured included awareness that OC is available, interest in pursuing fertility preservation, and whether interest would change based on knowledge of declining fertility...
April 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714443/risk-factor-assessment-for-breast-cancer-in-north-cyprus-a-comprehensive-case-control-study-of-turkish-cypriot-women
#7
Ruqiya Pervaiz, Özgür Tosun, Hasan Besim, Nedime Serakinci
Background/aim: This case-control study aims to assess the strength of associations between reproductive, lifestyle, sociodemographic, and dietary factors as well as other potential breast cancer risks and breast cancer (BC) in a North Cyprus population. Materials and methods: The study includes 408 BC patients and 412 age-matched controls recruited from Near East Hospital and Dr. Burhan Nalbantoglu State Hospital in North Cyprus. Information regarding clinical and epidemiological characteristics was collected through a standardized interview...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713532/lifestyle-causes-of-male-infertility
#8
Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Objective: To examine the potential effects of lifestyle factors on male reproductive health. Evidence of a global decline in human sperm quality over recent decades has been accumulating. Environmental, occupational, and modifiable lifestyle factors may contribute to this decline. This review focuses on key lifestyle factors that are associated with male infertility such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol intake, use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, dietary practices, and coffee consumption...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702082/multiple-contraceptive-method-use-and-prevalence-of-fertility-awareness-based-method-use-in-the-united-states-2013-2015
#9
Chelsea B Polis, Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVES: Contraceptive prevalence in the United States is typically calculated according to the most effective method of contraception reported. This could theoretically underestimate the number of women using fertility-awareness based methods (FABMs), including those who use other methods (e.g., condoms) during the fertile window, but the extent of any such underestimation has not been assessed. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the 2013-2015 National Survey of Family Growth to examine the extent to which women report use of an FABM alone or with other methods...
April 24, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700174/ceasing-the-use-of-the-highest-priority-critically-important-antimicrobials-does-not-adversely-affect-production-health-or-welfare-parameters-in-dairy-cows
#10
Andrea Turner, David Tisdall, David C Barrett, Sarah Wood, Andrew Dowsey, Kristen K Reyher
Due to scientific, public and political concern regarding antimicrobial resistance (AMR), several EU countries have already taken steps to reduce antimicrobial (AM) usage in production animal medicine, particularly that of the highest priority critically important AMs (HP-CIAs). While veterinarians are aware of issues surrounding AMR, potential barriers to change such as concerns of reduced animal health, welfare or production may inhibit progress towards more responsible AM prescribing. Farmers from seven dairy farms in South West England engaged in changing AM use through an active process of education and herd health planning meetings...
April 26, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689592/successful-treatment-of-endometriosis-related-hemorrhagic-ascites-a-report-of-three-cases
#11
Sofia Mendes, Catarina Carvalho, GonÇalo Rodrigues, Sónia Barata, Carlos Calhaz-Jorge, Filipa Osório
Endometriosis-related ascites is rare and is frequently confused with an ovarian malignancy. Since it affects women in reproductive age, its diagnosis and therapy are even more challenging. These patients usually present with abdominal distension, pelvic pain, and weight loss, but a careful questioning usually reveals the typical endometriosis symptoms-such as dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. We present three cases of endometriosis-related ascites, one of them with pleural effusion. All cases were associated with extensive disease and required laborious laparoscopic surgery, medical therapy with gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs, and long-term follow-up...
April 23, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683023/is-there-a-need-for-better-sexual-education-of-young-men-sexual-behaviour-and-reproductive-health-in-swiss-university-students-a-questionnaire-based-pilot-study
#12
Gabriele Susanne Merki-Feld, Stephanie Felder, Conrad Roelli, Bruno Imthurn, Mary Stewart, Deborah Bateson
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that men's perception of contraceptive methods and of their effectiveness and health risks have a major impact on couples contraceptive choices. Engaging men in decision making improves reproductive health outcomes. If they are better informed, men can potentially contribute to more effective use of contraception, thus reducing the rate of sexually transmitted infections and abortion. In Central European countries, few data are available on male contraceptive knowledge and behaviour...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681822/mullerianosis-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-case-report
#13
Rawan Abdul Razack Amir, Khalid M Taheini, Salwa S Sheikh
Mullerianosis is a rare entity consisting of an admixture of 2 or more of the following tissues: endometriosis, endocervicosis, and endosalpingiosis. It most commonly affects the urinary bladder and affects females of fertile age. It presents clinically as hematuria, dysuria, and pelvic pain which may be associated with menstruation. Radiologically and macroscopically, it typically presents as a polypoid mass in the dome or posterior wall of the bladder. Histologically, it consists of glands of varying size lined by endometrial, endocervical, or tubal epithelium...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681709/mitochondrial-donation-a-boon-or-curse-for-the-treatment-of-incurable-mitochondrial-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Nishtha Saxena, Nancy Taneja, Prakriti Shome, Shalini Mani
Mitochondria are present in all human cells and vary in number from a few tens to many thousands. As they generate the majority of a cell's energy supply which power every part of our body, and hence, their number varies in different cells as per the energy requirement of the cell. Mitochondria have their own separate DNA, which carries total 13 genes. All of these 13 genes are involved in energy production. For normal functioning of cells, the mitochondria need to be healthy. Unhealthy mitochondria can cause severe medical disorders known as mitochondrial disease...
January 2018: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672191/knowledge-and-beliefs-about-oncofertility-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer
#15
Andrea C Johnson, Darren Mays, Kathryn Rehberg, Aziza Shad, Kenneth P Tercyak
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors experience fertility and childrearing challenges in adulthood, but there is limited evidence on awareness, beliefs, and concerns about oncofertility in this population, needs for supportive resources, and associations with quality of life (QoL). METHODS: Participants were 69 AYAs aged 12-25 who were diagnosed with cancer at age 18 years or younger and ≥1 year cancer free, recruited from childhood cancer clinical records and support organizations...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671650/early-outcomes-of-a-municipally-funded-oocyte-cryopreservation-programme-in-japan
#16
Iwaho Kikuchi, Noriko Kagawa, Yuka Shirosaki, Ikumi Shinozaki, Yasuka Miyakuni, Kyoko Oshina, Michio Nojima, Koyo Yoshida
One factor explaining the declining birth rate in Japan is the social advancement of women. Women are delaying marriage and childbirth, with many then facing so-called 'social infertility'. Advanced infertility treatment options, such as in vitro fertilization, are available, but the costs are high. Further, the success rates for 'older' women are only around 10%. We report the preliminary results of an oocyte cryopreservation programme promoted and subsidized by our city government. Citywide seminars were conducted to generate awareness of issues surrounding fertility...
April 19, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668899/how-uterine-microbiota-might-be-responsible-for-a-receptive-fertile-endometrium
#17
Marilen Benner, Gerben Ferwerda, Irma Joosten, Renate G van der Molen
BACKGROUND: Fertility depends on a receptive state of the endometrium, influenced by hormonal and anatomical adaptations, as well as the immune system. Local and systemic immunity is greatly influenced by microbiota. Recent discoveries of 16S rRNA in the endometrium and the ability to detect low-biomass microbiota fueled the notion that the uterus may be indeed a non-sterile compartment. To date, the concept of the 'sterile womb' focuses on in utero effects of microbiota on offspring and neonatal immunity...
April 16, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667456/fertility-and-fertility-preservation-knowledge-awareness-and-attitudes-of-female-graduate-students
#18
Lisa C Hickman, Chelsea Fortin, Linnea Goodman, Xiaobo Liu, Rebecca Flyckt
PURPOSE: To evaluate the general knowledge of female graduate students on reproductive aging and fertility preservation options, as well as to investigate the perceptions, personal beliefs, and desires regarding fertility and preservation modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study of female graduate students and medical trainees from academic institutions in Ohio was performed. Women were excluded if the online survey was incomplete or if they were >45 years...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662824/knowledge-regarding-factors-that-influence-fertility-in-thai-reproductive-age-population-living-in-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Sarapan Na Nakhon, Pawan Limvorapitux, Patsama Vichinsartvichai
Objective: To survey knowledge about the factors that influence fertility in a reproductive-age population living in an urban area. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a questionnaire-based survey among both males and females aged 18-45 years living in the Bangkok metropolitan area. Results: The mean age of the participants was 26.8±7.2 years (male, 41.9%; female, 58.1%). Of the participants, 53.1% had an undergraduate degree and 57...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629053/effective-factors-on-menstrual-health-among-female-students-in-bam-city-a-qualitative-study
#20
Mohammad Ali Morowatisharifabad, Aliakbar Vaezi, Neda Mohammadinia
Background: Menarche is an independent puberty event in a girl's life, and is associated with physical growth, ability in marriage and fertility. Therefore, poor menstrual health can be a major determinant of morbidity, as well as physical, mental and social problems in this age group. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the effective factors on menstrual health among female students in Bam city. Methods: The qualitative study was conducted using content analysis approach in 2017...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
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