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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139077/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-source-attribution-of-nitrogen-pollution-in-a-typical-headwater-agricultural-watershed-in-southeastern-china
#1
Wenjun Chen, Bin He, Daniel Nover, Weili Duan, Chuan Luo, Kaiyan Zhao, Wen Chen
Excessive nitrogen (N) discharge from agriculture causes widespread problems in aquatic ecosystems. Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns and source attribution of N pollution is critical for nutrient management programs but is poorly studied in headwaters with various small water bodies and mini-point pollution sources. Taking a typical small watershed in the low mountains of Southeastern China as an example, N pollution and source attribution were studied for a multipond system around a village using the Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139074/excessive-use-of-nitrogenous-fertilizers-an-unawareness-causing-serious-threats-to-environment-and-human-health
#2
Moddassir Ahmed, Muhammad Rauf, Zahid Mukhtar, Nasir Ahmad Saeed
Farmers occasionally need to add nitrogen fertilizer to their farms and gardens to make available just the precise nutrients for their plants' growth. The applications of inorganic nitrogen fertilizers to various crops have been continuously increasing since last many decades globally. Although nitrogen fertilizer contributes substantially to yield enhancement, but excessive use of this manure has posed serious threats to environment and human health. Rate of nitrogen fertilizers application has a close relationship with nitrate accumulation in surrounding environment, groundwater, as well as leafy and root vegetables...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123075/evaluation-of-the-awareness-of-attitude-to-and-knowledge-about-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients-among-clinical-practitioners-in-hong-kong
#3
J Pw Chung, T Th Lao, T C Li
INTRODUCTION: Individuals can be exposed to gonadotoxic agents in the course of treatment for cancers and other medical conditions. Fertility preservation refers to strategies that aim to preserve fertility by protecting it against the damage inflicted by gonadotoxic treatment. Many young patients are prescribed gonadotoxic treatment without prior counselling. This study aimed to study the awareness of, attitude to, and knowledge about fertility preservation among clinicians in Hong Kong...
November 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119410/africanizing-science-in-post-colonial-kenya-long-term-field-research-in-the-amboseli-ecosystem-1963-1989
#4
Amanda E Lewis
Following Kenya's independence in 1963, scientists converged on an ecologically sensitive area in southern Kenya on the northern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro called Amboseli. This region is the homeland of the Ilkisongo Maasai who grazed this ecosystem along with the wildlife of interest to the scientists. Biologists saw opportunities to study this complex community, an environment rich in biological diversity. The Amboseli landscape proved to be fertile ground for testing new methods and lines of inquiry in the biological sciences that were generalizable and important for shaping natural resource management policies in Kenya...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117321/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#5
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082805/identification-and-prediction-of-the-fertile-window-with-a-new-web-based-medical-device-using-a-vaginal-biosensor-for-measuring-the-circadian-and-circamensual-core-body-temperature
#6
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Marta Kaczmarczyk, Esther Schiweck, Maren Goeckenjan-Festag, Henry Alexander
Fertility awareness-based (FAB) methods represent a term that includes all family planning methods that are based on the identification of the fertile window. They are based on the woman's observation of physiological signs of the fertile and infertile phases of the menstrual cycle. The first approach consists basically in symptothermal methods accompanied by cervical mucus measurements and clinical menstrual cycling data recording. The second most often used methods are the urinary measurement of E3G and luteinizing hormone (LH) with a personalized computer system...
October 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072229/predictors-of-male-condom-utilization-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#7
M P Chingle, P A Odunze, A Mohammed, T T Bitto, O Y Sodipo, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Nigerian men play major roles in the reproductive decision-making process, including issues concerning fertility. Despite efforts made by the government to reduce the incidence of HIV by using condom as a means of dual protection, the utilization of male condom is still relatively low in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the condom utilization and predictors of condom use among male respondents in Plateau State. METHODOLOGY: An analysis of secondary data of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey dataset was done...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057175/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-regarding-benign-testicular-disorders-in-the-educated-young-men-of-pakistan
#8
Dua Saleem, Samra Muneer, Rajaa Fatima Younus Khan, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saadan Ahmed, Maha Begg, Tariq J Siddiqi, Syed Raza Abbas, Muhammad W Naseeb, Muhammad Osama Farooqui, Fahad H Shaikh, Ramiz Kirmani, Hurmat Ullah, Kaneez Fatima
Background It has been seen that despite the increasing incidence of benign testicular disorders (BTDs), little work has been done towards its awareness among the male populace. Also, the trend of not seeking help in this regard is concerning. In this study, we aim to better perceive the level of understanding and common practices regarding BTDs among educated young men. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among two groups of ages 14-20 and 21-28 years. The inclusion criterion was that of educated males in an urban setting...
August 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041977/perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-family-planning-services-in-the-poorest-regions-of-chiapas-mexico-a-qualitative-study-of-men-women-and-adolescents
#9
Emily Dansereau, Alexandra Schaefer, Bernardo Hernández, Jennifer Nelson, Erin Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alex Woldeab, Maria Paola Zúñiga, Emma Margarita Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: In the poorest regions of Chiapas, Mexico, 50.2% of women in need of contraceptives do not use any modern method. A qualitative study was needed to design effective and culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: We used purposive maximum-variation sampling to select eight municipalities with a high proportion of residents in the poorest wealth quintile, including urban, rural, indigenous, and non-indigenous communities. We conducted 44 focus group discussions with 292 women, adolescent women, and men using semi-structured topic guides...
October 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034438/the-pathways-fertility-preservation-decision-aid-website-for-women-with-cancer-development-and-field-testing
#10
Terri L Woodard, Aubri S Hoffman, Laura A Covarrubias, Deborah Holman, Leslie Schover, Andrea Bradford, Derek B Hoffman, Aakrati Mathur, Jerah Thomas, Robert J Volk
PURPOSE: To improve survivors' awareness and knowledge of fertility preservation counseling and treatment options, this study engaged survivors and providers to design, develop, and field-test Pathways: a fertility preservation patient decision aid website for young women with cancer©. METHODS: Using an adapted user-centered design process, our stakeholder advisory group and research team designed and optimized the Pathways patient decision aid website through four iterative cycles of review and revision with clinicians (n = 21) and survivors (n = 14)...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032892/evaluation-and-management-of-skeletal-disease-in-cancer-care
#11
REVIEW
Anuhya Kommalapati, Sri Harsha Tella, Mary Angelynne Esquivel, Ricardo Correa
Recently, there have been considerable advancements in cancer therapies thereby prolonging the life of cancer survivors. However, these recent advancements present new challenges in the management of bone disease in cancer survivors. Bone acts as a fertile soil for cancer seeding and bone health is often compromised because of increased inflammatory cytokines in cancer, direct cancer metastasis and toxic effects of anti-cancer therapies. This effect is more pronounced in elderly population who already have compromised bone mineral density leading to increased skeletal related events and bone pain...
September 8, 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018578/the-care-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-results-of-the-esmo-siope-survey
#12
Emmanouil Saloustros, Daniel P Stark, Kyriaki Michailidou, Giannis Mountzios, Laurence Brugieres, Fedro Alessandro Peccatori, Svetlana Jezdic, Samira Essiaf, Jean-Yves Douillard, Stefan Bielack
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer require dedicated clinical management and care. Little is known about the training and practice of European healthcare providers in regard to AYA and the availability of specialised services. METHODS: A link to an online survey was sent to members of the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE). The link was also sent to ESMO National Representatives and circulated to other European oncology groups...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017550/improving-family-planning-services-delivery-and-uptake-experiences-from-the-reversing-the-stall-in-fertility-decline-in-western-kenya-project
#13
Joshua Amo-Adjei, Michael Mutua, Sherine Athero, Chimaraoke Izugbara, Alex Ezeh
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we reflect on our experiences of implementing a multipronged intervention to improve sexual and reproductive health outcomes. The project used family planning as its entry point and was implemented in two high fertility counties-Busia and Siaya in Kenya. The intervention, implemented by a seven-member consortium, involved: family planning services delivery; regular training of service providers to deliver high quality services; monitoring and evaluation; strengthening of commodity chain delivery and forecasting; school-based and out-of-school based sexuality education; and advocacy and stakeholder engagements at the community, county and national levels...
October 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988371/potential-imaging-findings-following-assisted-reproduction-complications-and-clinical-implications
#14
Anuradha Rao
Recent rapid advances in assisted reproduction (ART) have led to global increase in usage of in vitro fertilization. This in turn has resulted in clinicians and imaging specialists encountering increase in complications associated with ART. The specialists dealing with infertility should be aware of potential complications associated with ART. Early diagnosis of these problems is based on clinician's suspicion and radiologist's awareness of these complications. Many of these conditions may be life threatening...
October 7, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955105/health-care-factors-influencing-teen-mothers-use-of-contraceptives-in-malawi
#15
Kennedy Machira, Martin E Palamuleni
OBJECTIVE: The study seeks to examine factors associated with teen mothers' use of modern contraceptives after giving birth. METHODS: The 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey data was used to test the study objective. A sample of 12, 911 teen mothers aged between 10 and 18 years were extracted from 23, 020 women and were asked of contraceptive usage after first birth experiences, in which, a logistic regression model was employed to estimate correlates of contraceptive usage...
June 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
November 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919321/clinicopathological-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-south-egypt-cancer-institute-experience
#17
Amany Ali, Heba Sayed, Mohamed Salem, Mohamed Hamdy, Amro Farok
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare and represent 1-1.5% of all cancers in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinicopathological pattern at presentation and management and outcome of MOGCTs in children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study included all girls diagnosed with MOGCTs between January 2005 and January 2015 in Pediatric and Surgical Oncology Departments at South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911931/a-validated-measure-for-fertility-awareness-an-essential-step-toward-informed-reproductive-decision-making
#18
EDITORIAL
Brennan Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911930/low-fertility-awareness-in-united-states-reproductive-aged-women-and-medical-trainees-creation-and-validation-of-the-fertility-infertility-treatment-knowledge-score-fit-ks
#19
Rashmi Kudesia, Elizabeth Chernyak, Beth McAvey
OBJECTIVE: To create, validate, and use a fertility awareness survey based on current U.S. DATA: HASH(0x50be888) DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Phase 1 included U.S. women ages 18-45; phase 2 included female medical students and obstetrics and gynecology trainees at two urban academic programs. INTERVENTION(S): Survey including demographics, the Fertility & Infertility Treatment Knowledge Score (FIT-KS) instrument, and General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire...
October 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902528/serbian-medical-students-fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-future-parenthood
#20
Isidora Vujčić, Tijana Radičević, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nataša Maksimović, Sandra Grujičić
OBJECTIVES: Medical students represent a group particularly at risk of involuntary childlessness due to their highly demanding careers and university curriculum. The aim of this study was to investigate Serbian medical students' attitudes towards future parenthood and their awareness of fertility issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia, between 12 and 16 December 2016...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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