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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330018/testicular-adrenal-rest-tumor-screening-and-fertility-counseling-among-males-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#1
Monika Chaudhari, Emilie K Johnson, Daniel DaJusta, Leena Nahata
BACKGROUND: Reduced fertility is a common potential problem among males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), with nearly half experiencing impaired sperm production. The major cause of oligo/azoospermia in CAH is testicular adrenal rest tumors (TARTs). Studies indicate that ultrasound screening for TARTs should begin during childhood, yet it remains unclear whether boys with CAH are routinely screened for TARTs and/or counseled about infertility risk and potential interventions such as fertility testing and/or preservation...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313251/unintentional-and-sequential-lead-exposure-from-a-ceramic-mug-and-maca-lepidium-meyenii
#2
Kelly Johnson-Arbor, Kathy Vo, Flavia Wong, Ryszard Gajek
Although the incidence of lead poisoning has decreased in the USA over the last 30 years, human exposures to lead-containing products are still reported. We present a case of unintentional lead exposure from a store-bought ceramic mug and a nutritional supplement. A 32-year-old female was found to have a whole blood lead concentration of 44 μg/dL. Evaluation of her home, occupation, and hobbies initially did not identify a source of lead exposure. Further investigation revealed that the likely etiology of the exposure was lead leaching from a ceramic mug used by the patient to drink hot lemon water while she was pregnant...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298112/antineoplastic-agents-and-in-fertility-informing-patients-to-improve-decisions
#3
Cristina Silva, Ana Teresa Almeida-Santos, Cláudia Melo, Ana Cristina Ribeiro Rama
PURPOSE: Infertility is a potential adverse effect of cancer treatment, and future fertility is an important issue for cancer patients. In Portugal, the Centre for Fertility Preservation of CHUC, EPE, conducted a project to develop and disseminate oncofertility information resources. In this study, we report the results of the specific component of this program, which intended to produce information resources that promote patients' awareness of the subject and to support decisions concerning fertility preservation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297863/cooperating-to-improve-healthcare-in-arab-countries
#4
Davide Maged, Rita Maria Ferrelli, Alessandra Zorayan, Maria Luisa Di Pietro, Antonio Giulio de Belvis, Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia, Adele Anna Teleman, Maurizio Sanguinetti
This brief note presents a few examples of successful health collaboration to improve healthcare in Arab countries. Considerable growth has been noticed in the past years in the health sector of the Middle East and North Africa region countries due to the need to address health service capacity gaps and improve the quality of health infrastructure. The rising population coupled with the aging demographic is expected to drive healthcare demand in the Arab region, augmenting its demand. In order to meet this demand, a lot of progress within the public sector has been made and several initiatives have taken place to create awareness of the most common diseases affecting the region...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286217/knowledge-and-perceptions-about-cancer-treatment-associated-infertility-among-young-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#5
Asif Husain Osmani, Ghulam Haider, Shaharzad Ali, Faiza Ali, Munazza Irfan, Dur e Fatima
Introduction: Infertility after cancer treatment can cause significant emotional stress and grief for cancer survivors. In this study we assessed knowledge and perceptions among young cancer patients regarding the topic of cancer and infertility related to different treatment options. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on young cancer patients in the Clinical Oncology Department, JPMC, Karachi, from January to August 2013. Patients were requested to fill in questionnaires. Comparisons between gender and age groups were performed using the Student’s t test and Pearson’s Chi-squared...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262380/vitamin-d-effects-on-human-reproduction-pregnancy-and-fetal-well-being
#6
REVIEW
E L Heyden, S J Wimalawansa
Pregnancy places exceptional demands on vitamin D and calcium availability; thus, their deficiencies during pregnancy threaten the woman and her fetus. Globally, vitamin D and other micronutrient deficiencies are common during pregnancy, especially in developing countries where pregnant women have less access to supplements. Vitamin D deficiency has been reported to be as high as 40% among pregnant women. As a pregnancy progresses, the requirements for vitamin D increase and can worsen preexisting hypovitaminosis D...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232064/new-approaches-to-fertility-awareness-based-methods-incorporating-the-standard-days-and-twoday-methods-into-practice
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224660/postpartum-hemorrhage
#8
Janice Newsome, Jonathan G Martin, Zachary Bercu, Jay Shah, Haris Shekhani, Gail Peters
Interventional radiologists are often called for emergent control of abnormal uterine bleeding. Bleeding, even heavy bleeding as a result of uterine fibroids is not a common emergent procedure; instead, pregnancy and pregnancy related conditions, trauma and malignancy associated with bleeding can be the source of many interventional radiology on call events or procedures. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most common cause, and is defined as blood loss of 500mL after vaginal delivery or 1000mL after cesarean section...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179112/participatory-assessment-of-soil-erosion-severity-and-performance-of-mitigation-measures-using-stakeholder-workshops-in-koga-catchment-ethiopia
#9
Walle Jemberu, Jantiene E M Baartman, Luuk Fleskens, Coen J Ritsema
Farmers possess a wealth of knowledge regarding soil erosion and soil and water conservation (SWC), and there is a great demand to access it. However, there has been little effort to systematically document farmers' experiences and perceptions of SWC measures. Sustainable Land Management (SLM) has largely evolved through local traditional practices rather than adoption based on scientific evidence. This research aimed to assess soil erosion and performance of different SWC measures from the farmers' perspective by documenting their perceptions and experiences in Koga catchment, Ethiopia...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178061/a-framework-of-connections-between-soil-and-people-can-help-improve-sustainability-of-the-food-system-and-soil-functions
#10
REVIEW
Bruce C Ball, Paul R Hargreaves, Christine A Watson
Globally soil quality and food security continue to decrease indicating that agriculture and the food system need to adapt. Improving connection to the soil by knowledge exchange can help achieve this. We propose a framework of three types of connections that allow the targeting of appropriate messages to different groups of people. Direct connection by, for example, handling soil develops soil awareness for management that can be fostered by farmers joining groups on soil-focused farming such as organic farming or no-till...
November 24, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175999/modern-fertility-awareness-methods-wrist-wearables-capture-the-changes-of-temperature-associated-with-the-menstrual-cycle
#11
Mohaned Shilaih, Brianna M Goodale, Lisa Falco, Florian Kübler, Valerie De Clerck, Brigitte Leeners
Core and peripheral body temperatures are affected by changes in reproductive hormones during the menstrual cycle. Women worldwide use the basal body temperature (BBT) method to aid and prevent conception. However, prior research suggests taking one's daily temperature can prove inconvenient and subject to environmental factors. We investigate whether a more automatic, non-invasive temperature measurement system can detect changes in temperature across the menstrual cycle. We examined how wrist-skin temperature (WST), measured with wearable sensors, correlates with urinary tests of ovulation and may serve as a new method of fertility tracking...
November 24, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139077/spatiotemporal-patterns-and-source-attribution-of-nitrogen-pollution-in-a-typical-headwater-agricultural-watershed-in-southeastern-china
#12
Wenjun Chen, Bin He, Daniel Nover, Weili Duan, Chuan Luo, Kaiyan Zhao, Wen Chen
Excessive nitrogen (N) discharge from agriculture causes widespread problems in aquatic ecosystems. Knowledge of spatiotemporal patterns and source attribution of N pollution is critical for nutrient management programs but is poorly studied in headwaters with various small water bodies and mini-point pollution sources. Taking a typical small watershed in the low mountains of Southeastern China as an example, N pollution and source attribution were studied for a multipond system around a village using the Hydrological Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139074/excessive-use-of-nitrogenous-fertilizers-an-unawareness-causing-serious-threats-to-environment-and-human-health
#13
Moddassir Ahmed, Muhammad Rauf, Zahid Mukhtar, Nasir Ahmad Saeed
Farmers occasionally need to add nitrogen fertilizer to their farms and gardens to make available just the precise nutrients for their plants' growth. The applications of inorganic nitrogen fertilizers to various crops have been continuously increasing since last many decades globally. Although nitrogen fertilizer contributes substantially to yield enhancement, but excessive use of this manure has posed serious threats to environment and human health. Rate of nitrogen fertilizers application has a close relationship with nitrate accumulation in surrounding environment, groundwater, as well as leafy and root vegetables...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123075/evaluation-of-the-awareness-of-attitude-to-and-knowledge-about-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients-among-clinical-practitioners-in-hong-kong
#14
J Pw Chung, T Th Lao, T C Li
INTRODUCTION: Individuals can be exposed to gonadotoxic agents in the course of treatment for cancers and other medical conditions. Fertility preservation refers to strategies that aim to preserve fertility by protecting it against the damage inflicted by gonadotoxic treatment. Many young patients are prescribed gonadotoxic treatment without prior counselling. This study aimed to study the awareness of, attitude to, and knowledge about fertility preservation among clinicians in Hong Kong...
November 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119410/africanizing-science-in-post-colonial-kenya-long-term-field-research-in-the-amboseli-ecosystem-1963-1989
#15
Amanda E Lewis
Following Kenya's independence in 1963, scientists converged on an ecologically sensitive area in southern Kenya on the northern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro called Amboseli. This region is the homeland of the Ilkisongo Maasai who grazed this ecosystem along with the wildlife of interest to the scientists. Biologists saw opportunities to study this complex community, an environment rich in biological diversity. The Amboseli landscape proved to be fertile ground for testing new methods and lines of inquiry in the biological sciences that were generalizable and important for shaping natural resource management policies in Kenya...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117321/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#16
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082805/identification-and-prediction-of-the-fertile-window-with-a-new-web-based-medical-device-using-a-vaginal-biosensor-for-measuring-the-circadian-and-circamensual-core-body-temperature
#17
Pedro-Antonio Regidor, Marta Kaczmarczyk, Esther Schiweck, Maren Goeckenjan-Festag, Henry Alexander
Fertility awareness-based (FAB) methods represent a term that includes all family planning methods that are based on the identification of the fertile window. They are based on the woman's observation of physiological signs of the fertile and infertile phases of the menstrual cycle. The first approach consists basically in symptothermal methods accompanied by cervical mucus measurements and clinical menstrual cycling data recording. The second most often used methods are the urinary measurement of E3G and luteinizing hormone (LH) with a personalized computer system...
October 28, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072229/predictors-of-male-condom-utilization-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#18
M P Chingle, P A Odunze, A Mohammed, T T Bitto, O Y Sodipo, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Nigerian men play major roles in the reproductive decision-making process, including issues concerning fertility. Despite efforts made by the government to reduce the incidence of HIV by using condom as a means of dual protection, the utilization of male condom is still relatively low in Nigeria. This study aimed to assess the condom utilization and predictors of condom use among male respondents in Plateau State. METHODOLOGY: An analysis of secondary data of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic Health Survey dataset was done...
September 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057175/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-regarding-benign-testicular-disorders-in-the-educated-young-men-of-pakistan
#19
Dua Saleem, Samra Muneer, Rajaa Fatima Younus Khan, Rohan Kumar Ochani, Syed Saadan Ahmed, Maha Begg, Tariq J Siddiqi, Syed Raza Abbas, Muhammad W Naseeb, Muhammad Osama Farooqui, Fahad H Shaikh, Ramiz Kirmani, Hurmat Ullah, Kaneez Fatima
Background It has been seen that despite the increasing incidence of benign testicular disorders (BTDs), little work has been done towards its awareness among the male populace. Also, the trend of not seeking help in this regard is concerning. In this study, we aim to better perceive the level of understanding and common practices regarding BTDs among educated young men. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among two groups of ages 14-20 and 21-28 years. The inclusion criterion was that of educated males in an urban setting...
August 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041977/perceptions-of-and-barriers-to-family-planning-services-in-the-poorest-regions-of-chiapas-mexico-a-qualitative-study-of-men-women-and-adolescents
#20
Emily Dansereau, Alexandra Schaefer, Bernardo Hernández, Jennifer Nelson, Erin Palmisano, Diego Ríos-Zertuche, Alex Woldeab, Maria Paola Zúñiga, Emma Margarita Iriarte, Ali H Mokdad, Charbel El Bcheraoui
BACKGROUND: In the poorest regions of Chiapas, Mexico, 50.2% of women in need of contraceptives do not use any modern method. A qualitative study was needed to design effective and culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: We used purposive maximum-variation sampling to select eight municipalities with a high proportion of residents in the poorest wealth quintile, including urban, rural, indigenous, and non-indigenous communities. We conducted 44 focus group discussions with 292 women, adolescent women, and men using semi-structured topic guides...
October 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
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