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Fertility awareness

Amy Peacock, Delyse Hutchinson, Judy Wilson, Clare McCormack, Raimondo Bruno, Craig A Olsson, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth Elliott, Lucinda Burns, Richard P Mattick
The aims of this study were to identify: (i) the proportion of women exceeding the caffeine intake guideline (>200 mg/day) during each trimester, accounting for point of pregnancy awareness; (ii) guideline adherence trajectories across pregnancy; (iii) maternal characteristics associated with trajectories; and (iv) association between adherence and growth restriction birth outcomes. Typical and maximal intake per consumption day for the first trimester (T1; pre- and post-pregnancy awareness), second (T2), and third trimester (T3) were recorded for a prospective cohort of pregnant Australian women with singleton births ( n = 1232)...
March 7, 2018: Nutrients
Maria Dempsey, Rob King, Andrea Nagy
OBJECTIVE: New technologies present new ethical dilemmas. Our ethical intuitions may mislead us in relation to new technologies such as nuclear power, vaccines, GMOs and assistive reproductive technologies (ART). Between 1999 and 2008 the number of ART treatment cycles increased by 265% in Ireland. The implications and potentials of such technologies are profound - challenging existing understanding of humans' relationships to reproduction. Because such technologies are comparatively unregulated, and their use has only been occurring for a single generation, detailed investigation of how awareness of ART influences understanding of personal fertility is needed...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Craig J Heck, Stephanie A Grilo, Xiaoyu Song, Tom Lutalo, Neema Nakyanjo, John S Santelli
OBJECTIVE(S): Covert contraceptive use (CCU) is the use of family planning without a partner's knowledge. This study sought to examine CCU prevalence among women living in Rakai, Uganda, predictors of CCU, and why women resort to CCU. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from women (15-49years) currently using contraceptives (oral contraceptives, Depo Provera, implants, intrauterine devices, and periodic abstinence) during Round 15 (2011-2013) of the Rakai Community Cohort Survey (n=2206)...
March 4, 2018: Contraception
Clare Akers
Testicular cancer is a highly treatable and curable malignancy. It typically affects men aged 15-35 years and is the most common malignancy in this age group. Nurses have an important role in assisting patients to cope with the diagnosis and understand the treatment options. It is also important for nurses to provide psychological support, because testicular cancer can have a significant effect on a man's fertility, sexuality and body image. This article examines the epidemiology and aetiology of the disease, together with its clinical presentation and treatment options...
March 7, 2018: Nursing Standard
Diane Chen, Margaret Matson, Kathryn Macapagal, Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Celia B Fisher, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Little is known about the reproductive desires of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) adolescents who may seek gender-affirming medical care that leads to infertility. The current study addressed this gap by examining attitudes toward fertility and family formation in a diverse sample of TGNC youth. METHOD: An online survey about sexual/reproductive health in sexual and gender minority (SGM) adolescents ages 14-17 years was conducted from September to October 2016...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Martin C Koch, Johannes Lermann, Niels van de Roemer, Simone K Renner, Stefanie Burghaus, Janina Hackl, Ralf Dittrich, Sven Kehl, Patricia G Oppelt, Thomas Hildebrandt, Caroline C Hack, Uwe G Pöhls, Stefan P Renner, Falk C Thiel
BACKGROUND: Daysy is a fertility monitor that uses the fertility awareness method by tracking and analyzing the individual menstrual cycle. In addition, Daysy can be connected to the application DaysyView to transfer stored personal data from Daysy to a smartphone or tablet (IOS, Android). This combination is interesting because as it is shown in various studies, the use of apps is increasing patients´ focus on their disease or their health behavior. The aim of this study was to investigate if by the additional use of an App and thereby improved usability of the medical device, it is possible to enhance the typical-use related as well as the method-related pregnancy rates...
March 2, 2018: Reproductive Health
Michael Jurewicz, Joel Hillelsohn, Sandeep Mehta, Bruce R Gilbert
Children diagnosed with cancer continue to have improved survival due to advances in effective treatment options. Increased attention is therefore now focused on quality of life issues once they are cured. Fertility preservation is of paramount concern since gonadotoxic treatments, especially radiation and chemotherapy, often impair future fertility. The importance of family counseling and having an informed discussion about the potential for treatment to impair fertility and the options available for fertility preservation is crucial...
March 2018: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
P Comizzoli, E E Paulson, L K McGinnis
Studying the reproductive biology of wild animal species produces knowledge beneficial to their management and conservation. However, wild species also share intriguing similarities in reproductive biology with humans, thereby offering alternative models for better understanding the etiology of infertility and developing innovative treatments. The purpose of this review is to raise awareness in different scientific communities about intriguing connections between wild animals and humans regarding infertility syndromes or improvement of fertility preservation...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Rebecca Ashkenazy, Mary Elizabeth Peterson
There are powerful demographic, political, and environmental trends shaping women's health. Increases in life expectancy, literacy, and empowerment are fueling expansions in education and advocacy. Research and development focuses on women's health and fertility across an expanded age spectrum. There is also a cultural emphasis on antiaging and aesthetics. In parallel, the digital revolution is changing how health care is accessed by and delivered to women. A women's journey through menopause is at the crossroads of these transformations...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
Ingvild Nordøy, Liv Hesstvedt, Cecilie Torp Andersen, Haima Mylvaganam, Nicola Isabelle Kols, Birgit Margrethe Falch, Ståle Tofteland, Fredrik Müller, David William Denning
The aim of this study was to examine the burden of fungal disease in Norway, contributing to a worldwide effort to improve awareness of the needs for better diagnosis and treatment of such infections. We used national registers and actual data from the Departments of Microbiology from 2015 and estimated the incidence and/or prevalence of superficial, allergic and invasive fungal disease using published reports on specific populations at risk. One in 6 Norwegians suffered from fungal disease: Superficial skin infections (14...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
Kathy Goggin, Emily A Hurley, Glenn J Wagner, Vincent Staggs, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Deborah Mindry, Josephine Birungi, Rhoda K Wanyenze
High rates of fertility desires, childbearing and serodiscordant partnerships among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Uganda underscore the need to promote use of safer conception methods (SCM). Effective SCM exist but few PLHIV benefit from provider-led safer conception counseling (SCC) and comprehensive national SCC guidelines are still lacking. Providers' self-efficacy, intentions and attitudes for SCC impact provision and should inform development of services, but there are no longitudinal studies that assess these important constructs...
February 20, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
María Luisa Sánchez-Ferrer, María Teresa Prieto-Sanchez, Francisco Sánchez Del Campo
OBJECTIVE: The unicornuate uterus is a rare uterine malformation (2.4-13.7% of all uterine malformations (Engmann et al., 2004)) which usually features a rudimentary accessory horn in more than 75% of the cases. Pregnancy in the rudimentary horn is rare, but the complications attached to such pregnancies could be defined as the first clinical manifestation of rudimentary horn. CASE REPORTS: We hereby describe five cases of unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn (UUWRH), each one with a different clinical presentation and without any correct preoperative diagnosis, and henceforth reflect on the practical aspects learnt about the differential diagnosis and management of this rare malformation...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Katie T Carlberg, Sylvia T Singer, Elliott P Vichinsky
As more women with transfusion-dependent thalassemia are seeking pregnancy, ensuring the best outcomes for both the mother and baby requires concerted, collaborative efforts between practitioners and the family. Proactive counseling, early fertility evaluation, recent developments in reproductive technology, and optimal management of iron overload, have resulted in more successful pregnancies and the birth of healthy newborns. With advances in technology for prenatal screening and increased awareness to perform screening for hemoglobinopathies, healthy pregnancy outcomes have become the expectation...
April 2018: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
Ju Hee Kim, Hye Sook Shin, Eun Kyoung Yun
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to examine the level of infertility stress, marital adjustment, depression, and quality of life in infertile couples and assess the actor and partner effects in these areas using the actor-partner interdependence model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHOD: Participants were 121 infertile couples. After pilot study, data were collected from November 2012 to March 2013 using the following questionnaires: the Fertility Quality of Life, Fertility Problem Inventory, Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory...
March 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Karina M Shreffler, Arthur L Greil, Julia McQuillan
Infertility is a common, yet often misunderstood, experience. Infertility is an important topic for family scientists because of its effects on families; its relevance to research in related areas, such as fertility trends and reproductive health; and its implications for practitioners who work with individuals and couples experiencing infertility. In this review, we focus on common misperceptions in knowledge and treatment of infertility and highlight insights from recent research that includes men, couples, and people with infertility who are not in treatment...
October 2017: Family Relations
Parathan Karunakaran, Pankaj Malhotra, Deepesh Lad
For cancer survivors, social parenthood buffers distress and improves quality of life. It is important that physicians dealing with treatment of malignancies are aware of this patient perspective. This review deals with risks of infertility with hematological malignancies and chemotherapy, modes of fertility preservation interventions, time and barriers to referral to specialists offering these interventions. This review aims to guide the hemato-oncologist to make an informed decision with the patient and the partner about fertility preservation at the right time...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
O Lundberg, E Berglund Scherwitzl, K Gemzell Danielsson, R Scherwitzl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Annabelle Brennan, Martha Hickey
Abnormal uterine bleeding refers to any change in the regularity, frequency, heaviness or length of menstruation. There are several potential causes for bleeding disturbance, the two most common being primary endometrial dysfunction and fibroids. Management of abnormal uterine bleeding involves both medical and surgical options and will largely depend on a patient's fertility plans. The use of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices for heavy menstrual bleeding is increasing in Australia, and they are considered first-line medical management for women accepting of hormonal therapies...
February 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Craig Niederberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Urology
Vicky Lehmann, Jessica S Flynn, Rebecca H Foster, Kathryn M Russell, James L Klosky
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient and parent understanding of infertility risk (relative to oncologists' risk ratings) among adolescents newly diagnosed with cancer, and to identify background factors related to inaccurate reporting/estimating. METHODS: Male patients (N=137; aged 13-21) and their parents completed self-report questionnaires. Those who reported a fertility-related conversation with their provider (N=102 adolescents, N=74 parents), reported their infertility risk (i...
January 19, 2018: Psycho-oncology
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