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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
September 15, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919321/clinicopathological-pattern-and-outcome-of-pediatric-malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-south-egypt-cancer-institute-experience
#2
Amany Ali, Heba Sayed, Mohamed Salem, Mohamed Hamdy, Amro Farok
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare and represent 1-1.5% of all cancers in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to analyze the clinicopathological pattern at presentation and management and outcome of MOGCTs in children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study included all girls diagnosed with MOGCTs between January 2005 and January 2015 in Pediatric and Surgical Oncology Departments at South Egypt Cancer Institute, Assiut University...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911931/a-validated-measure-for-fertility-awareness-an-essential-step-toward-informed-reproductive-decision-making
#3
EDITORIAL
Brennan Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911930/low-fertility-awareness-in-u-s-reproductive-aged-women-and-medical-trainees-creation-and-validation-of-the-fertility-infertility-treatment-knowledge-score-fit-ks
#4
Rashmi Kudesia, Elizabeth Chernyak, Beth McAvey
OBJECTIVE: To create, validate, and use a fertility awareness survey based on current U.S. DATA: HASH(0x4b892b8) DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Phase 1 included U.S. women ages 18-45; phase 2 included female medical students and obstetrics and gynecology trainees at two urban academic programs. INTERVENTION(S): Survey including demographics, the Fertility & Infertility Treatment Knowledge Score (FIT-KS) instrument, and General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire...
September 11, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902528/serbian-medical-students-fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-future-parenthood
#5
Isidora Vujčić, Tijana Radičević, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nataša Maksimović, Sandra Grujičić
OBJECTIVES: Medical students represent a group particularly at risk of involuntary childlessness due to their highly demanding careers and university curriculum. The aim of this study was to investigate Serbian medical students' attitudes towards future parenthood and their awareness of fertility issues. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia, between 12 and 16 December 2016...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893235/inadequate-birth-spacing-is-perceived-as-riskier-than-all-family-planning-methods-except-sterilization-and-abortion-in-a-qualitative-study-among-urban-nigerians
#6
Hilary M Schwandt, Joanna Skinner, Luciana Estelle Hebert, Lisa Cobb, Abdulmumin Saad, Mojisola Odeku
BACKGROUND: Fertility is high in Nigeria and contraceptive use is low. Little is known about how urban Nigerians perceive the risk of contraceptive use in relation to pregnancy and birth. This study examines and compares the risk perception of family planning methods and pregnancy related scenarios among urban Nigerians. METHODS: A total of 26 focus group discussions with 243 participants were conducted in September and October 2010 in Ibadan and Kaduna. The groups were stratified by sex, age, family planning use, and city...
September 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892876/effect-of-radiofrequency-radiation-emitted-from-2g-and-3g-cell-phone-on-developing-liver-of-chick-embryo-a-comparative-study
#7
Mary Hydrina D'Silva, Rijied Thompson Swer, J Anbalagan, Bhargavan Rajesh
INTRODUCTION: The increasing scientific evidence of various health hazards on exposure of Radiofrequency Radiation (RFR) emitted from both the cell phones and base stations have caused significant media attention and public discussion in recent years. The mechanism of interaction of RF fields with developing tissues of children and fetuses may be different from that of adults due to their smaller physical size and variation in tissue electromagnetic properties. The present study may provide an insight into the basic mechanisms by which RF fields interact with developing tissues in an embryo...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882680/perfect-use-and-typical-use-pearl-index-of-a-contraceptive-mobile-app
#8
E Berglund Scherwitzl, O Lundberg, H Kopp Kallner, K Gemzell Danielsson, J Trussell, R Scherwitzl
OBJECTIVES: The Natural Cycles application is a fertility awareness-based contraceptive method that uses dates of menstruation and basal body temperature to inform couples whether protected intercourse is needed to prevent pregnancies. Our purpose with this study is to investigate the contraceptive efficacy of the mobile application by evaluating the perfect- and typical-use Pearl Index. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective observational study, 22,785 users of the application logged a total of 18,548 woman-years of data into the application...
September 4, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880892/beyond-hiv-serodiscordance-partnership-communication-dynamics-that-affect-engagement-in-safer-conception-care
#9
Lynn T Matthews, Bridget F Burns, Francis Bajunirwe, Jerome Kabakyenga, Mwebesa Bwana, Courtney Ng, Jasmine Kastner, Annet Kembabazi, Naomi Sanyu, Adrine Kusasira, Jessica E Haberer, David R Bangsberg, Angela Kaida
INTRODUCTION: We explored acceptability and feasibility of safer conception methods among HIV-affected couples in Uganda. METHODS: We recruited HIV-positive men and women on antiretroviral therapy (ART) ('index') from the Uganda Antiretroviral Rural Treatment Outcomes cohort who reported an HIV-negative or unknown-serostatus partner ('partner'), HIV-serostatus disclosure to partner, and personal or partner desire for a child within two years. We conducted in-depth interviews with 40 individuals from 20 couples, using a narrative approach with tailored images to assess acceptability of five safer conception strategies: ART for the infected partner, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the uninfected partner, condomless sex timed to peak fertility, manual insemination, and male circumcision...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859873/a-10-year-interval-study-about-the-sexual-life-and-attitudes-of-korean-women-the-korean-internet-sexuality-survey-kiss-2014-part-2
#10
Juhyun Park, Byunghun Min, Hyojin Shin, Sohee Oh, Won Hoon Song, Sung Yong Cho, Min Chul Cho, Hyeon Jeong, Hwancheol Son
BACKGROUND: Many studies on sexual attitudes and behavior have been performed to improve sexual health. AIM: To evaluate changing trends in Korean female sexual life and attitudes in an internet-based survey at 10-year intervals. METHODS: The survey was targeted toward 20- to 59-year-old women who were asked to complete the questionnaire only if they were sexually active. The survey contained 110 questions about demographic statistics, sexual life, and attitudes that were crafted based on the 2004 study...
September 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858684/what-women-want-a-scoping-survey-on-women-s-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-towards-ovarian-reserve-testing-and-egg-freezing
#11
Yvonne O'Brien, Fiona Martyn, Louise E Glover, Mary B Wingfield
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate women's knowledge, attitudes and behaviours towards ovarian reserve testing and egg freezing for non-medical reasons in the general population. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional survey study of 663 women aged 18-44 years which assessed female perception of ovarian reserve testing and oocyte cryopreservation. An online forum was used to deliver the survey through the use of two social media sites. Participants were recruited through the technique of "snowballing", whereby existing study subjects recruited others from among their acquaintances...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854591/non-publication-and-publication-bias-in-reproductive-medicine-a-cohort-analysis
#12
S Lensen, V Jordan, M Showell, E Showell, V Shen, C Venetis, C Farquhar
STUDY QUESTION: Does publication bias or non-publication exist in fertility trials presented as conference abstracts? SUMMARY ANSWER: This study did not detect any publication bias; however, it did identify a high level of non-publication, with only 49% of abstracts reaching full-text publication four or more years after abstract presentation. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the foundation of evidence based medicine...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845463/contraceptive-vaginal-ring-experiences-among-women-and-men-in-kisumu-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#13
E McLellan-Lemal, K Ondeng'e, D A Gust, M Desai, F O Otieno, P A Madiega, B Nyagol, E M Makanga
BACKGROUND: Future HIV prevention options for women will likely include Antiretroviral (ARV)-based intravaginal rings. Valuable insights may be gained by examining user experiences with a similar licensed technology, a contraceptive ring, especially in settings where this technology may not be currently available. METHODS: In-depth interviews with 24 females enrolled in a trial assessing acceptability and use of a contraceptive ring, and 20 male sexual partners were conducted September 2014-April 2015...
March 2017: Frontiers in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845409/level-and-factors-related-to-unintended-pregnancy-with-a-brief-review-of-new-population-policies-in-iran
#14
Khadijeh Asadi Sarvestani, Aliyar Ahmadi, Halimeh Enayat, Majid Movahed
BACKGROUND: High rate of unintended pregnancies in Iran is one of problems in family planning. The main goal of this study was to determine the rate of unintended pregnancies and to examine factors among married women in Shiraz City, Iran. It also discusses the possible effects of new population policies on the rate of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: In this quantitative and survey study, data were collected by researcher-made questionnaire with interviewer from 400 pregnant women in Shiraz City referred to public and private health centers for prenatal care in 2013...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843867/prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-infertile-versus-fertile-couples
#15
Amir A Gabr, Eman F Omran, Ahmed A Abdallah, Mohamed M Kotb, Eman Z Farid, Amira S Dieb, Doaa S Belal
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sexual dysfunction is higher in infertile females in relation to normal healthy women through comparing total and sexual domains scores in both groups. The secondary objectives were: to determine factors affecting occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in all sample and to determine factors affecting the different sexual domain scores within the infertile group. STUDY DESIGN: This cross sectional study was done at Cairo University Hospital...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837261/detection-of-free-oxygen-and-water-vapour-in-fertilized-and-unfertilized-eggs-by-diode-laser-spectroscopy-exploration-of-diagnostics-possibilities
#16
Wansha Li, Huiying Lin, Hao Zhang, Katarina Svanberg, Sune Svanberg
Non-intrusive methods for characterizing food products are of increasing interest related to the greater awareness of food safety issues. Hen eggs are an important part in food consumption in most parts of the world. We have investigated an optical method utilizing tunable diode lasers for monitoring free gas in eggs. We show that oxygen signals, recorded around 760 nm, increase steadily as eggs become older. Further, we investigated fertilized eggs, which show a quite different temporal behavior during the hatching time...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812445/-half-a-woman-half-a-man-that-is-how-they-make-me-feel-a-qualitative-study-of-rural-jordanian-women-s-experience-of-infertility
#17
Mayada A Daibes, Reema R Safadi, Tarek Athamneh, Iman F Anees, Rose E Constantino
Infertility is a health problem encompassing physical, psychological and social consequences that may threaten women's quality of life. Few studies have been conducted in Jordan examining rural women's experiences of infertility. This study aimed to explore responses to infertility and its consequences in the Jordanian rural sociocultural context. Using a descriptive qualitative design, data were collected between April and September 2016 from a fertility clinic in a military hospital in Northern Jordan. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 purposively selected Jordanian women...
August 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797766/pregnancy-outcomes-after-a-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Brigitte Gerstl, Elizabeth Sullivan, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders, Handan Wand, Antoinette Anazodo
Improvements in local and systemic treatment, along with earlier diagnoses through breast awareness and screening, have led to increases in survival and a decline in breast cancer (BC) recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, no meta-analysis has yet focused on pregnancy outcomes after BC treatment. Hence, our research group explored the reproductive outcomes (pregnancy, miscarriage, termination of pregnancy, live births) after BC treatment. The Embase, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched. Studies were included that reported on pregnancy and reproductive outcomes after treatment of BC...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790488/ethics-and-professionalism-2016
#19
C Ronald Mackenzie
Whether a reaction to events in the clinical arena, a consequence of technological innovation, or the legitimization of the marked ethos in health care, the field of medical ethics has become a complex domain in our time. Indeed, the ubiquity of ethical dilemmas in the provision of health care is well documented with more than 99% of primary care physicians reporting ethical problems arising in the conduct of their practices (1-3). Although commentary relating to this domain has most often originated in the primary care setting, hospital-based medicine and its ethics committees are another fertile source, as is medical research...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760517/the-international-glossary-on-infertility-and-fertility-care-2017
#20
Fernando Zegers-Hochschild, G David Adamson, Silke Dyer, Catherine Racowsky, Jacques de Mouzon, Rebecca Sokol, Laura Rienzi, Arne Sunde, Lone Schmidt, Ian D Cooke, Joe Leigh Simpson, Sheryl van der Poel
STUDY QUESTION: Can a consensus and evidence-driven set of terms and definitions be generated to be used globally in order to ensure consistency when reporting on infertility issues and fertility care interventions, as well as to harmonize communication among the medical and scientific communities, policy-makers, and lay public including individuals and couples experiencing fertility problems? SUMMARY ANSWER: A set of 283 consensus-based and evidence-driven terminologies used in infertility and fertility care has been generated through an inclusive consensus-based process with multiple stakeholders...
September 2017: Fertility and Sterility
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