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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219359/congenital-tuberculosis-in-an-extremely-preterm-infant-conceived-after-in-vitro-fertilization-case-report
#1
Veronica Samedi, Stephen K Field, Essa Al Awad, Gregory Ratcliffe, Kamran Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Congenital tuberculosis is a rare manifestation of tuberculosis. The diagnosis is often delayed, especially in preterm neonates because of the non-specific clinical presentation and the lack of awareness of maternal disease prior to pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of congenital tuberculosis in an infant born at 24 weeks of gestation to a mother who presented with uncontrolled seizures during preterm labor. Maternal diagnosis was initially made by placental pathology, and later confirmed by isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in urine, gastric aspirates and sputum...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196685/geochemical-analysis-of-sediments-from-a-semi-enclosed-bay-dongshan-bay-southeast-china-to-determine-the-anthropogenic-impact-and-source
#2
Yonghang Xu, Qinqin Sun, Xiang Ye, Xijie Yin, Dongyi Li, Liang Wang, Aijun Wang, Yunhai Li
The geochemical compositions of sediments in the Dongshan Bay, a semi-enclosed bay on the southeast coast of China, were obtained to identify pollutant sources and evaluate the anthropogenic impacts over the last 100 years. The results indicated that the metal flux had been increasing since the 1980s. Enrichment factor values (Pb, Zn and Cu) suggested only slight enrichment. The proportion of anthropogenic Pb changed from 9% to 15% during 2000-2014. Coal combustion might be an important contamination source in the Dongshan Bay...
January 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190955/multi-level-correlates-of-safer-conception-methods-awareness-and-attitudes-among-ugandan-hiv-clients-with-fertility-intentions
#3
Glenn J Wagner, Mahlet A Woldetsadik, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Kathy Goggin, Deborah Mindry, Sarah Finocchario-Kessler, Sarah Khanakwa, Rhoda K Wanyenze
Many people living with HIV desire childbearing, but low cost safer conception methods (SCM) such as timed unprotected intercourse (TUI) and manual self-insemination (MSI) are rarely used. We examined awareness and attitudes towards SCM, and the correlates of these constructs among 400 HIV clients with fertility intentions in Uganda. Measures included awareness, self-efficacy, and motivation regarding SCM, as well as demographics, health management, partner and provider characteristics. Just over half knew that MSI (53%) and TUI (51%) reduced transmission risk during conception, and 15% knew of sperm washing and pre-exposure prophylaxis...
March 2016: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185073/natural-conception-rates-in-subfertile-couples-following-fertility-awareness-training
#4
P Frank-Herrmann, C Jacobs, E Jenetzky, C Gnoth, C Pyper, S Baur, G Freundl, M Goeckenjan, T Strowitzki
PURPOSE: To analyze cumulative pregnancy rates of subfertile couples after fertility awareness training. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study followed 187 subfertile women, who had received training in self-observation of the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle with the Sensiplan method, for 8 months. The women, aged 21-47 years, had attempted to become pregnant for 3.5 years on average (range 1-8 years) before study entry. Amenorrhea, known tubal occlusion and severe male factor had been excluded...
February 9, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169186/reproduction-of-rescued-vespertilionid-bats-nyctalus-noctula-in-captivity-veterinary-and-physiologic-aspects
#5
REVIEW
Jiri Pikula, Hana Bandouchova, Veronika Kovacova, Petr Linhart, Vladimir Piacek, Jan Zukal
Long-term conservation and educational activities of numerous nongovernmental organizations have greatly increased public awareness about bats and their lifestyle. As a result, there is growing public concern about threats to bat populations. Many species of bats declined over recent decades and there is great demand for medical services to help injured or diseased bats. Veterinary clinicians dealing with such cases have to consider many issues, including ethical issues associated with the delayed fertilization reproduction strategy of temperate insectivorous bats...
February 4, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127436/sperm-quality-and-paternal-age-effect-on-blastocyst-formation-and-pregnancy-rates
#6
Aurélie Chapuis, Anna Gala, Alice Ferrières-Hoa, Tiffany Mullet, Sophie Bringer-Deutsch, Emmanuelle Vintejoux, Antoine Torre, Samir Hamamah
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest a decrease in sperm quality in men in the last decades. Therefore, the aim of this work was to assess the influence of male factors (sperm quality and paternal age) on the outcomes of conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: This retrospective study included all couples who underwent IVF or ICSI at Montpellier University Hospital, France, between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
2017: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124725/phorbol-esters-in-seed-oil-of-jatropha-curcas-l-saboodam-in-thai-and-their-association-with-cancer-prevention-from-the-initial-investigation-to-the-present-topics
#7
REVIEW
Hirota Fujiki, Maitree Suttajit, Anchalee Rawangkan, Keisuke Iida, Pornngarm Limtrakul, Sonthaya Umsumarng, Masami Suganuma
PURPOSE: In 1988, we first reported the complete chemical structure of a new type of phorbol ester, abbreviated to DHPB, found in seed oil of Jatropha curcas L. (Saboodam in Thai) and its tumor-promoting activity on mouse skin. Although this seed oil contains toxic phorbol ester, it was planned to use it as a feasible renewable oil and the extracted seed cake as fertilizer. This utilization value opened a new science of Jatropha curcas. METHODS: The main experimental results are cited from our publications, and the relevant literature screened from journals and PubMed...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119900/non-puerperal-uterine-inversion-presented-with-hypovolemic-shock
#8
Yong Jung Song, Juseok Yang, Hyun Sil Yun, Sun Kyung Lee, Hwi Gon Kim, Dong Hyung Lee, Ook Hwan Choi, Yong Jin Na
We report a non-puerperal uterine inversion with nulliparous women caused by huge pedunculated submucosal fibroid. Massive bleeding from protruding mass through vagina brought the heart to stop in 42-year-old nulliparous woman. She became cardiopulmonary resuscitation survivor in emergency room and then underwent laparotomy which ended in successful myomectomy rather than hysterectomy considering her demand for future fertility. Meticulous and adequate fluid therapy and transfusion was also administered to recover from hypovolemic status...
December 2016: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118765/lines
#9
Jacqui O'kane
I wrote this poem while marveling at the birth of my now 4-year-old daughter. My husband Stephen and I had tried to conceive for several months, and we were overjoyed when Sophie finally arrived. Embarking on the fertility journey again - this time with deeper awareness of my own subfertility - I reflect anew on the treasures and travails of pregnancy. Specifically, I have noticed that my greatest hopes hinge on the most miniscule lines of a home pregnancy test. That such small lines could subsume sublime significance is a wonder to me...
January 24, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114727/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-pain-in-women-with-endometriosis
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Claire Allen, Sally Hopewell, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition that affects women and can lead to painful symptoms and infertility. It greatly affects women's quality of life, impacting their careers, everyday activities, sexual and nonsexual relationships and fertility. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are most commonly used as first-line treatment for women with pain associated with endometriosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of NSAIDs used for management of pain in women with endometriosis compared with placebo, other NSAIDs, other pain management drugs or no treatment...
January 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100441/assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-app-based-method-of-family-planning-the-dot-study-protocol
#11
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some 222 million women worldwide have unmet needs for contraception; they want to avoid pregnancy, but are not using a contraceptive method, primarily because of concerns about side effects associated with most available methods. Expanding contraceptive options-particularly fertility awareness options that provide women with information about which days during their menstrual cycles they are likely to become pregnant if they have unprotected intercourse-has the potential to reduce unmet need...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076270/correction-to-the-performance-of-fertility-awareness-based-method-apps-marketed-to-avoid-pregnancy
#12
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to typos in Table 2. The only data affected were the apps that did not predict the fertile window. The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused.
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032264/the-effect-of-childhood-family-size-on-fertility-in-adulthood-new-evidence-from-iv-estimation
#13
Sara Cools, Rannveig Kaldager Hart
Although fertility is positively correlated across generations, the causal effect of children's experience with larger sibships on their own fertility in adulthood is poorly understood. With the sex composition of the two firstborn children as an instrumental variable, we estimate the effect of sibship size on adult fertility using high-quality data from Norwegian administrative registers. Our study sample is all firstborns or second-borns during the 1960s in Norwegian families with at least two children (approximately 110,000 men and 104,000 women)...
February 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012404/influence-of-air-quality-on-the-results-of-in-vitro-fertilization-attempts-a-retrospective-study
#14
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Leandri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of air quality on the results of IVF. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study on 292 patients who have undergone an IVF attempt from April 2012 to December 2015 in our French university hospital. Patients were included in the study if data on the air quality at home and at work were available and if they haven't been gone for more than 4days in a month. Data were recorded during the 3 months before oocyte collection and 1 month after embryo transfer...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010827/-is-it-all-right-for-me-to-have-a-baby-or-not-men-living-with-hiv-discuss-fertility-desires-and-interactions-with-providers
#15
Shannon Weber, Jennifer M Zakaras, Starr Hilliard, Deborah Cohan, Shari L Dworkin
To our knowledge, no study in the United States has qualitatively examined fertility desires, experiences communicating with health care providers about sexual and reproductive health, and attitudes toward reproductive counseling and services in men living with HIV (MLWH) who have sex with women. We conducted focus groups and interviews with MLWH (N = 17) who have sex with women seeking HIV care in San Francisco. The men conveyed limited awareness of safer conception strategies. While many men expressed the desire to have a child, most reported that their providers had not discussed reproduction with them...
January 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998636/use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#16
Sowdhamani Bellapu, Joshua Guttman
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) occurs when ovaries are overstimulated and enlarged due to fertility treatments resulting in a shift of serum from the intravascular space to the third space, mainly the abdominal cavity. It is the most serious complication of ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with abdominal bloating and nausea 2 weeks after undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF); she was diagnosed by an outside radiology ultrasound as having a ruptured ovarian cyst...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991973/an-effective-public-health-program-to-reduce-urban-heat-islands-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#17
Mélanie Beaudoin, Pierre Gosselin
In 2005, the Government of the Province of Québec, Canada, adopted the Climate Change Action Plan for 2006 - 2012. The Institut national de santé publique du Québec (National Institute of Public Health of Québec), charged with implementing the health adaptation component of the Plan, worked to mitigate urban heat islands (UHI) by funding and evaluating 40 pilot projects. These projects explored different methods of fighting UHIs by greening cities in a participative and mobilizing approach led mainly by non-governmental organizations and municipalities...
September 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964723/fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-parenthood-among-danish%C3%A2-university-college-students
#18
Nina Olsén Sørensen, Signe Marcussen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Mette Juhl, Lone Schmidt, Tanja Tydén, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Postponing parenthood has steadily increased during the past decades in Western countries. This trend has affected the size of families in the direction of fewer children born per couple. In addition, higher maternal age is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications such as prematurity and foetal death, while higher paternal age increases the risk of miscarriage and affects time-to-pregnancy. Hence, understanding the circumstances and reflections that influence the decision is greatly needed and little is known about potential gender difference influencing the choice...
December 13, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939195/characterization-of-transformations-of-maize-residues-into-soil-organic-matter
#19
Guixue Song, Etelvino H Novotny, Jing-Dong Mao, Michael H B Hayes
An awareness of the transformation of plant residues returned to cultivated soils is vital for a better understanding of carbon cycles, the maintenance of soil fertility and the practice of a sustainable agriculture. The transformation of maize (Zea mays L) straw residues into soil organic matter (SOM) in a one year incubation experiment was studied in a soil that had been under long term cultivation with wheat (Triticum aestivum L) for >30years. A novel sequential exhaustive extraction and fractionation procedure isolated a series of fractions of SOM...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928092/animal-husbandry-practices-and-perceptions-of-zoonotic-infectious-disease-risks-among-livestock-keepers-in-a-rural-parish-of-quito-ecuador
#20
Christopher Lowenstein, William F Waters, Amira Roess, Jessica H Leibler, Jay P Graham
Small-scale livestock production plays an essential role as a source of income and nutrition for households in low- and middle-income countries, yet these practices can also increase risk of zoonotic infectious diseases, especially among young children. To mitigate this risk, there is a need to better understand how livestock producers perceive and manage risks of disease transmission. Twenty semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with small-scale livestock producers in a semirural parish of Quito, Ecuador...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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