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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076270/correction-to-the-performance-of-fertility-awareness-based-method-apps-marketed-to-avoid-pregnancy
#1
(no author information available yet)
In the above-mentioned article,(1) the electronic version differs from the print version due to typos in Table 2. The only data affected were the apps that did not predict the fertile window. The electronic version on the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine website has been corrected. We apologize for the error, and we regret any confusion or inconvenience it may have caused.
November 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032264/the-effect-of-childhood-family-size-on-fertility-in-adulthood-new-evidence-from-iv-estimation
#2
Sara Cools, Rannveig Kaldager Hart
Although fertility is positively correlated across generations, the causal effect of children's experience with larger sibships on their own fertility in adulthood is poorly understood. With the sex composition of the two firstborn children as an instrumental variable, we estimate the effect of sibship size on adult fertility using high-quality data from Norwegian administrative registers. Our study sample is all firstborns or second-borns during the 1960s in Norwegian families with at least two children (approximately 110,000 men and 104,000 women)...
December 28, 2016: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012404/influence-of-air-quality-on-the-results-of-in-vitro-fertilization-attempts-a-retrospective-study
#3
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Leandri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of air quality on the results of IVF. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study on 292 patients who have undergone an IVF attempt from April 2012 to December 2015 in our French university hospital. Patients were included in the study if data on the air quality at home and at work were available and if they haven't been gone for more than 4days in a month. Data were recorded during the 3 months before oocyte collection and 1 month after embryo transfer...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010827/-is-it-all-right-for-me-to-have-a-baby-or-not-men-living-with-hiv-discuss-fertility-desires-and-interactions-with-providers
#4
Shannon Weber, Jennifer M Zakaras, Starr Hilliard, Deborah Cohan, Shari L Dworkin
To our knowledge, no study in the United States has qualitatively examined fertility desires, experiences communicating with health care providers about sexual and reproductive health, and attitudes toward reproductive counseling and services in men living with HIV (MLWH) who have sex with women. We conducted focus groups and interviews with MLWH (N = 17) who have sex with women seeking HIV care in San Francisco. The men conveyed limited awareness of safer conception strategies. While many men expressed the desire to have a child, most reported that their providers had not discussed reproduction with them...
January 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998636/use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#5
Sowdhamani Bellapu, Joshua Guttman
BACKGROUND: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) occurs when ovaries are overstimulated and enlarged due to fertility treatments resulting in a shift of serum from the intravascular space to the third space, mainly the abdominal cavity. It is the most serious complication of ovarian hyperstimulation for assisted reproduction. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 40-year-old woman who presented with abdominal bloating and nausea 2 weeks after undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF); she was diagnosed by an outside radiology ultrasound as having a ruptured ovarian cyst...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991973/an-effective-public-health-program-to-reduce-urban-heat-islands-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#6
Mélanie Beaudoin, Pierre Gosselin
In 2005, the Government of the Province of Québec, Canada, adopted the Climate Change Action Plan for 2006 - 2012. The Institut national de santé publique du Québec (National Institute of Public Health of Québec), charged with implementing the health adaptation component of the Plan, worked to mitigate urban heat islands (UHI) by funding and evaluating 40 pilot projects. These projects explored different methods of fighting UHIs by greening cities in a participative and mobilizing approach led mainly by non-governmental organizations and municipalities...
September 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964723/fertility-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-parenthood-among-danish%C3%A2-university-college-students
#7
Nina Olsén Sørensen, Signe Marcussen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Mette Juhl, Lone Schmidt, Tanja Tydén, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Postponing parenthood has steadily increased during the past decades in Western countries. This trend has affected the size of families in the direction of fewer children born per couple. In addition, higher maternal age is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications such as prematurity and foetal death, while higher paternal age increases the risk of miscarriage and affects time-to-pregnancy. Hence, understanding the circumstances and reflections that influence the decision is greatly needed and little is known about potential gender difference influencing the choice...
December 13, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939195/characterization-of-transformations-of-maize-residues-into-soil-organic-matter
#8
Guixue Song, Etelvino H Novotny, Jing-Dong Mao, Michael H B Hayes
An awareness of the transformation of plant residues returned to cultivated soils is vital for a better understanding of carbon cycles, the maintenance of soil fertility and the practice of a sustainable agriculture. The transformation of maize (Zea mays L) straw residues into soil organic matter (SOM) in a one year incubation experiment was studied in a soil that had been under long term cultivation with wheat (Triticum aestivum L) for >30years. A novel sequential exhaustive extraction and fractionation procedure isolated a series of fractions of SOM...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928092/animal-husbandry-practices-and-perceptions-of-zoonotic-infectious-disease-risks-among-livestock-keepers-in-a-rural-parish-of-quito-ecuador
#9
Christopher Lowenstein, William F Waters, Amira Roess, Jessica H Leibler, Jay P Graham
Small-scale livestock production plays an essential role as a source of income and nutrition for households in low- and middle-income countries, yet these practices can also increase risk of zoonotic infectious diseases, especially among young children. To mitigate this risk, there is a need to better understand how livestock producers perceive and manage risks of disease transmission. Twenty semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with small-scale livestock producers in a semirural parish of Quito, Ecuador...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926972/management-of-endometriosis-in-the-infertile-patient
#10
Edgardo Somigliana, Paola Vigano, Laura Benaglia, Andrea Busnelli, Nicola Berlanda, Paolo Vercellini
The management of endometriosis-related infertility remains debated. However, in recent years, the role of in vitro fertilization (IVF) has progressively grown. Reasons to explain this change include (1) the improvement of the effectiveness and safety of IVF, (2) the raised awareness of the modest effectiveness of surgery, (3) the inherent risks of surgery including in particular the damage to the ovarian reserve when ovarian endometriomas have to be removed, (4) the ineffectiveness of intrauterine insemination and the possible risks of endometriosis progression associated with the use of this technique...
December 7, 2016: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923286/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-female-university-students-on-menstrual-cycle-and-contraception
#11
Márta Szűcs, Tamás Bitó, Csaba Csíkos, Andrea Párducz Szöllősi, Cristian Furau, Iolanda Blidaru, Aleksandra Kapamadzija, Katarina Sedlecky, György Bártfai
Socioeconomic changes, as well as the development of new contraceptive modalities may influence women's preferences in the selection of a method of contraception. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, opinions and attitudes of female university students regarding the menstrual cycle, sexual health and contraception. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 2572 female university students in Hungary, Romania and Serbia, between November 2009 and January 2011. A higher proportion of students of health sciences than students of other faculties had appropriate knowledge of the fertile period within a menstrual cycle: 86...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914560/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-testosterone-deficiency-recommendations-from-the-fourth-international-consultation-for-sexual-medicine-icsm%C3%A2-2015
#12
Mohit Khera, Ganesh Adaikan, Jacques Buvat, Serge Carrier, Amr El-Meliegy, Kostas Hatzimouratidis, Andrew McCullough, Abraham Morgentaler, Luiz Otavio Torres, Andrea Salonia
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone deficiency (TD), also known as hypogonadism, is a condition affecting a substantial proportion of men as they age. The diagnosis and management of TD can be challenging and clinicians should be aware of the current literature on this condition. AIM: To review the available literature concerning the diagnosis and management of TD and to provide clinically relevant recommendations from the Fourth International Consultation for Sexual Medicine (ICSM) meeting...
December 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898067/the-need-for-multidisciplinarity-in-specialist-training-to-optimize-future-patient-care
#13
REVIEW
Alison C Tree, Victoria Harding, Aneel Bhangu, Venkatesh Krishnasamy, Dion Morton, Justin Stebbing, Bradford J Wood, Ricky A Sharma
Harmonious interactions between radiation, medical, interventional and surgical oncologists, as well as other members of multidisciplinary teams, are essential for the optimization of patient care in oncology. This multidisciplinary approach is particularly important in the current landscape, in which standard-of-care approaches to cancer treatment are evolving towards highly targeted treatments, precise image guidance and personalized cancer therapy. Herein, we highlight the importance of multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity at all levels of clinical oncology training...
November 29, 2016: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895849/celiac-disease-and-obstetrical-gynecological-contribution
#14
REVIEW
Giovanni Casella, Guido Orfanotti, Loredana Giacomantonio, Camillo Di Bella, Valentina Crisafulli, Vincenzo Villanacci, Vittorio Baldini, Gabrio Bassotti
Celiac disease (CD) shows an increased prevalence in female, particularly during the fertile period. Celiac disease should be researched in infertility, spontaneous and recurrent abortions, delayed menarche, amenorrhea, early menopause, and children with low birth-weight. Celiac disease is still little considered during the evaluation of infertility. Up to 50% of women with untreated CD refer an experience of miscarriage or an unfavorable outcome of pregnancy. Celiac patients taking a normal diet (with gluten) have a shorter reproductive period...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893658/freeze-all-embryo-transfer-awareness-and-acceptance-of-ivf-et-patients-in-china
#15
Yan-Xiu Guo, Yan-Jing Yin, Li Tian
The aim of the study was to determine the level of awareness and acceptance of in vitro fertilization pre-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) patients for freeze-all embryo transfer, improve relevant technical specifications, and optimize treatment results based on medical experience.Questionnaires were completed by women who received in vitro fertilization embryo transfer. A total of 377 valid samples were included into this study. Through focus group discussions and tablet assisted intercept interviews, we analyzed the basic situation, the awareness for frozen-all embryo transfer, and the need for frozen-all embryo transfer information for infertile patients...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875650/military-genitourinary-trauma-policies-implications-and-ethics
#16
Wendy K Dean, Arthur L Caplan, Brendan Parent
The men and women who serve in the armed forces, in the words of Major General Joseph Caravalho, "sign a blank check, co-signed by their families, payable to the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marines, up to and including their lives." It is human nature to consider such a pact in polarized terms; the pact concludes in either a celebratory homecoming or funereal mourning. But in reality, surviving catastrophic injury may incur the greatest debt. The small but real possibility of losing the ability to bear biological children due to genitourinary combat injury has been a topic of discussion in hushed tones, behind closed doors...
November 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842925/a-rare-case-of-right-lower-quadrant-abdominal-pain
#17
Mark Macedo, Brian Kim, Rami Khoury, Larry Narkiewicz
Isolated fallopian tube torsion without involvement of the ovary is a rare condition most frequently presenting during reproductive years. Imaging, vitals, physical exam, and laboratory findings all fail to help establish a definitive diagnosis. The majority of the diagnoses are made on the operating table. Physical exam most often reveals unilateral and localized abdominal pain, often with nausea and vomiting, but few other reliably common findings. Diagnosis becomes even more challenging due to the fact that isolated tubal torsion occurs often in pregnancy and preferentially on the right, further complicating the clinical picture...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816924/men-s-knowledge-of-their-own-fertility-a-population-based-survey-examining-the-awareness-of-factors-that-are-associated-with-male-infertility
#18
D Daumler, P Chan, K C Lo, J Takefman, P Zelkowitz
STUDY QUESTION: How knowledgeable are men about the medical, environmental and psychological factors that are associated with male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Men, across most demographic groups, have limited knowledge of the various factors that are associated with male infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Few surveys have focused on men's knowledge of their own fertility. Studies of both men and women have found that men are comparatively less knowledgeable about issues of fertility and reproductive health...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810165/the-characteristics-of-women-who-use-complementary-medicine-while-attempting-to-conceive-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-13-224-australian-women
#19
Amie Steel, Jon Adams, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: Preconception is acknowledged globally as an important part of ensuring health for the next generation and is underpinned by principles of health promotion and preventive medicine. There is a demand for more holistic, preventive health care within preconception health services. Many women are also using complementary medicine during their reproductive years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper presents a longitudinal analysis of women's consultations with a complementary medicine practitioner while attempting to become pregnant, and the characteristics of women who choose to consult a complementary medicine practitioner during the preconception period...
January 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803586/the-role-of-indian-gynecologists-in-oncofertility-care-and-counselling
#20
Nalini Mahajan, Madhuri Patil, Surleen Kaur, Simrandeep Kaur, Padmaja Naidu
Oncofertility is gaining importance because of increasing cancer incidence, high survivorship, the need to provide a good quality of life to survivors and the desire of patients to preserve their fertility. Disseminating information about the effect of cancer and cancer treatment on fertility and the availability and effectiveness of fertility preservation techniques is critical. Gynaecologists in India act as family physicians and are in a unique position to guide cancer patients on issues of fertility and fertility preservation...
July 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
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