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Fertility awareness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620604/medical-students-knowledge-of-fertility-awareness-based-methods-of-family-planning
#1
Peter G Danis, Sally A Kurz, Laura M Covert
OBJECTIVE: Traditional medical school curricula have not addressed fertility awareness-based methods (FABMs) of family planning. The objective of this study was to assess (1) 3-year medical students' knowledge of FABMs of family planning, (2) their confidence in utilizing that knowledge in patient care, and (3) to implement focused education on FABMs to improve knowledge and confidence. METHODS: Third-year medical students at one institution in the United States were given a 10-question assessment at the beginning of their OB-GYN rotation...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619407/should-they-also-have-babies-community-attitudes-toward-sexual-and-reproductive-rights-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-nigeria
#2
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Yusuf A Ibrahim, Musa Babashani, Mohammed S Mijinyawa, Melynda Simmons, Muktar H Aliyu
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV have the right to healthy, satisfying sex lives and to appropriate services to ensure their sexual and reproductive health, including having healthy children. The reproductive rights of people living with HIV/AIDS are, however, often met with skepticism and discrimination, despite recent advances in HIV treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the attitudes of community members in Kano, Nigeria, toward the right of persons living with HIV/AIDS to have healthy sexual relationships and bear children...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610639/impact-of-the-ivf-laboratory-environment-on-human-preimplantation-embryo-phenotype
#3
D K Gardner, R L Kelley
The phenotype of the human embryo conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF), that is its morphology, developmental kinetics, physiology and metabolism, can be affected by numerous components of the laboratory and embryo culture system (which comprise the laboratory environment). The culture media formulation is important in determining embryo phenotype, but this exists within a culture system that includes oxygen, temperature, pH and whether an embryo is cultured individually or in a group, all of which can influence embryo development...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609273/knowledge-regarding-fertility-preservation-in-cancer-patients-a-population-based-survey-among-brazilian-people-during-the-pink-october-awareness-event
#4
Mauricio B Chehin, Tatiana Cs Bonetti, Paulo C Serafini, Eduardo LA Motta
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge about the risk of infertility in cancer patients after treatment, and the options for fertility preservation based on a survey carried out during the 2013 Pink October campaign. METHODS: This survey was carried out during the 2013 Pink October event in the most important public park of São Paulo, Brazil. Approximately 900 people expressed interest in learning about breast cancer prevention and fertility preservation by participating in workshops, and 242 people filled out a questionnaire...
June 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607906/implementation-of-cycletel-family-advice-an-sms-based-service-to-provide-family-planning-and-fertility-awareness-information-in-india
#5
Nicki Ashcroft, Victoria Shelus, Himanshu Garg, Courtney McLarnon-Silk, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: CycleTel Family Advice (CFA), an SMS-based service designed to improve knowledge of fertility and family planning (FP), was delivered to over 100,000 people in India from April to August 2015. The goal of CFA was to increase knowledge on a range of reproductive health topics, e.g., the menstrual cycle, fertility, and FP, and to increase positive perceptions and use of FP. This paper focuses on the best practices and operational challenges for providing an SMS service based on the implementation experience of CFA...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598911/the-minimally-invasive-approach-to-the-symptomatic-isthmocele-what-does-the-literature-say-a-step-by-step-primer-on-laparoscopic-isthmocele-excision-and-repair
#6
Sevgi Sipahi, Kirsten Sasaki, Charles E Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to understand the minimally invasive approach to the excision and repair of an isthmocele. RECENT FINDINGS: Previous small trials and case reports have shown that the minimally invasive approach by hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy can cure symptoms of a uterine isthmocele, including abnormal bleeding, pelvic pain and secondary infertility. A recent larger prospective study has been published that evaluates outcomes of minimally invasive isthmocele repair...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597981/reflections-on-patient-involvement-in-research-and-clinical-practice-a-secondary-analysis-of-women-s-perceptions-and-experiences-of-egg-aspiration-in-fertility-treatment
#7
Charlotte Handberg, Kirsten Beedholm, Vibeke Bregnballe, Annette Nielsen Nellemann, Lene Seibaek
The importance of patient involvement is increasing in healthcare, and initiatives are constantly implemented to reach the ideal of involved and educated patients. This secondary analysis was initially embedded in a randomized controlled study where the aim was to gain insight into perceptions and experiences within a group of women undergoing fertility treatment through two focus group interviews. In this secondary analysis, we investigated how patient involvement was strived for in both clinical practice and research...
June 9, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593057/clomiphene-associated-inferior-stemi-in-a-young-female-due-to-right-coronary-artery-dissection
#8
Feras Husain Abuzeyad, Eltigani Seedahmed Ibnaouf, Mudhaffar Al Farras
Nonatherosclerotic spontaneous coronary artery dissection (NA-SCAD) is an uncommon cause of myocardial infarction. It most commonly affects females in the perimenopausal age. NA-SCAD has been associated with many predisposing factors including pregnancy and hormonal therapy for both contraception and ovulation induction. The presented case is a previously healthy 41-year-old woman diagnosed with inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to right descending coronary artery dissection associated with recent use of clomiphene monotherapy for ovulation induction (a previously fertile woman), which was not previously reported...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593052/scaling-up-contraceptives-use-in-the-division-with-lowest-contraceptives-use-in-bangladesh-sources-methods-and-determinants
#9
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Sharmin Majumder, Atia Sharmeen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Shakir Hossen
BACKGROUND: Total fertility rate (TFR) is high and at a static level for the last two decades in Bangladesh. Reduction of fertility by increasing contraceptives use could reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. To achieve the targeted contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) Initiative, it is important to increase CPR in all regions of the country. However, it is lower in Sylhet Division compared to other divisions in Bangladesh. This study looked into the methods, source and determinants of contraceptives use in this division...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582327/a-comprehensive-review-of-asherman-s-syndrome-causes-symptoms-and-treatment-options
#10
Christina A Salazar, Keith Isaacson, Stephanie Morris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intrauterine adhesions, also known as Asherman's syndrome, can have an impact on both reproductive outcomes and gynaecologic symptoms. Understanding the cause of intrauterine adhesions and the common clinical presentation will increase awareness of the condition and guide the patient to appropriate therapy. Surgical management offers favourable fertility outcomes and is often successful in restoring menstruation. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgical management with hysteroscopic lysis of adhesions is the gold standard for treatment and adopting an office-based approach offers several advantages...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578620/socio-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-clients-seeking-assisted-conception-at-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-ikeja-nigeria
#11
Adeniyi A Adewunmi, Tawakwalit A Ottun, Tayo Abiara, Jane-Frances Chukwuma, Lauretta Okorie
The socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of 246 consecutive couples seeking assisted conception in a university teaching hospital in Nigeria from inception in 2011 till 2014 were reviewed restrospectively. Eighty-five (34.5%) were in the 35-40 years age group. The body mass index of the women showed that 111 (45.1%) were overweight. One hundred and ninety five (88%) were referred on account of secondary infertility. The mean duration of infertility was 9.6 ± 4.8 years. Major factors identified were male factor 128 (52%), ovarian/age-related decline in fertility 107 (43...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578202/management-of-atypical-polypoid-adenomyomas-a-case-series
#12
Grigoris F Grimbizis, Themistoklis Mikos, Dimosthenis Miliaras, George Kioussis, Theodoros D Theodoridis, Dimitrios Tsolakidis, Basil C Tarlatzis
OBJECTIVE: Atypical polypoid adenomyomas (APAs) are endometrial, non-malignant, focal, and non-invasive lesions that are intriguing for their histological resemblence to invasive endometrioid adenocarcinoma or malignant mixed Müllerian tumor. The aim of this study was to present our clinical experience, regarding the reproductive outcome, the recurrence rate, and the association with hyperplasia and cancer, in a small series of patients with APA. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series of patients treated for APA in a single private hospital setting from 1998 to 2016...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573524/use-of-various-gonadotropin-and-biosimilar-formulations-for-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-results-of-a-worldwide-web-based-survey
#13
Mindy S Christianson, Gon Shoham, Kyle J Tobler, Yulian Zhao, Brent Monseur, Milton Leong, Zeev Shoham
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify trends in gonadotropin therapy in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment worldwide. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation utilizing the results of a Web-based survey, IVF-Worldwide ( www.IVF-worldwide.com ) was performed. RESULTS: Three hundred fourteen centers performing a total of 218,300 annual IVF cycles were evaluated. Respondents representing 62.2% of cycles (n = 135,800) did not believe there was a difference between urinary and recombinant gonadotropins in terms of efficacy and live birth rate...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553759/access-to-fertility-services-in-canada-for-hiv-positive-individuals-and-couples-a-comparison-between-2007-and-2014
#14
Carson K Lo, V Logan Kennedy, Mark H Yudin, Heather M Shapiro, Mona Loutfy
In the modern era of HIV care, a multitude of clinical needs have emerged; one such need is the growing sub-specialty of HIV and reproductive health. In 2007, a study surveying Canadian fertility clinics found limited access to fertility services for HIV-positive patients. Given the extensive efforts made to address this lack of services, a follow-up assessment was warranted. This study aimed to compare the access to Canadian fertility clinics and services for HIV-positive individuals and couples in 2014 and 2007...
May 29, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551920/-women-s-cardiac-health-from-theory-to-activism
#15
REVIEW
Avital Porter
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the western world, in both genders. Although awareness of the importance of prevention, diagnosis and optimal treatment of CVD has risen in general, most women are not fully aware of their CVD risk. Moreover, women are not alert to the burden of risk in their reproductive years (e.g. complicated pregnancy and/or peri-menopausal period) and their impact on future CVD. Unique Female issues such as: fertile age, menopause, oral contraceptives, hormonal and metabolic disorders during pregnancy, labor, as well as psychological matters, and healthy life-style are major contributors to primary and secondary prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549563/no-346-advanced-reproductive-age-and-fertility
#16
Kimberly E Liu, Allison Case
OBJECTIVE: To improve awareness of the natural age-related decline in female and male fertility with respect to natural fertility and assisted reproductive technologies (ART), provide recommendations for their management, and to review investigations in the assessment of ovarian aging. OPTIONS: This guideline reviews options for the assessment of ovarian reserve and fertility treatments using ART with women of advanced reproductive age presenting with infertility...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549399/a-systematic-review-investigating-psychosocial-aspects-of-egg-sharing-in-the-united-kingdom-and-their-potential-effects-on-egg-donation-numbers
#17
Timothy Bracewell-Milnes, Srdjan Saso, Hossam Abdalla, Meen-Yau Thum
This review aims to provide an up-to-date knowledge of the psychosocial aspects of egg donation from the perspectives of the egg share donor and their recipient. It explores the motives, experiences and attitudes of egg sharers and their views towards donor anonymity and disclosure. Conclusions are made on how these findings can guide clinical practice and improve egg sharing numbers. A systematic search of peer-reviewed journals of four computerized databases was undertaken. Eleven studies were included in the review...
May 26, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537815/anticancer-treatments-and-female-fertility-clinical-concerns-and-role-of-oncologists-in-oncofertility-practice
#18
Mahmoud Salama, Teresa K Woodruff
Anticancer treatments such as aggressive chemotherapy and radiotherapy have deleterious gonadotoxic side effects and are considered the most common causes of pathological and iatrogenic fertility loss in women. Areas covered: In order to preserve fertility of young women and girls with cancer, several established, experimental, and debatable options can be offered in the emerging field of oncofertility. This article reviews the effects of anticancer treatments on female fertility and discusses the current challenges and future directions of fertility preservation options that can be offered to the female patients with cancer...
June 5, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528388/fertility-sparing-for-young-patients-with-gynecologic-cancer-how-mri-can-guide-patient-selection-prior-to-conservative-management
#19
REVIEW
Sinead H McEvoy, Stephanie Nougaret, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Elizabeth A Sadowski, Christine O Menias, Fuki Shitano, Shinya Fujii, Ramon E Sosa, Joanna G Escalon, Evis Sala, Yulia Lakhman
Historically, cancer treatment has emphasized measures for the "cure" regardless of the long-term consequences. Advances in cancer detection and treatment have resulted in improved outcomes bringing to the fore various quality of life considerations including future fertility. For many young cancer patients, fertility preservation is now an integral component of clinical decision-making and treatment design. Optimal fertility-sparing options for young patients with gynecologic cancer are influenced by patient age, primary cancer, treatment regimens, and patient preferences...
May 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524242/women-with-vulvodynia-awareness-and-knowledge-of-its-care-among-student-healthcare-staff
#20
Minna Törnävä, Meeri Koivula, Mika Helminen, Tarja Suominen
BACKGROUND: Many women with vulvodynia are women of fertile age, and this syndrome may cause many physical and psychosexual functional disorders. Women with vulvodynia often find that healthcare professionals seem to demonstrate a lack of awareness about the syndrome and its care. These issues have not been previously studied among student healthcare staff. AIM: To investigate awareness and knowledge about vulvodynia and its care among staff in the student healthcare sector in Finland...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
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