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Urogenital cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039237/sglt2-inhibitors-are-they-safe
#1
Sebastian Filippas-Ntekouan, Theodosios D Filippatos, Moses S Elisaf
Sodium-glucose linked transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a relatively new class of anti-diabetic drugs with positive cardiovascular and kidney effects. The aim of this review is to present the safety issues associated with SGLT2 inhibitors. Urogenital infections are the most frequently encountered adverse events, although tend to be mild to moderate and are easily manageable with standard treatment. Although no increased acute kidney injury risk was evident in the major trials, the mechanism of action of these drugs requires caution when they are administered in patients with extracellular volume depletion or with drugs affecting renal hemodynamics...
October 17, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028100/zeb1-promotes-prostate-cancer-proliferation-and-invasion-through-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#2
X-F Song, H Chang, Q Liang, Z-F Guo, J-W Wu
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer is a kind of malignancy with high occurrence in the male urogenital system. However, the mechanism of the occurrence, the progression, and the metastasis of prostate cancer are still unclear. Searching for the effective molecule target is of great significance to improve the curative effect on prostate cancer. Zinc finger E box binding protein-1 (ZEB1) protein is a member of the zinc finger transcription factor family that participates in the embryonic development and formation...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020961/hazardous-waste-and-health-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#3
REVIEW
L Fazzo, F Minichilli, M Santoro, A Ceccarini, M Della Seta, F Bianchi, P Comba, M Martuzzi
Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous waste are worldwide challenges. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. The following five steps, based on pre-defined systematic criteria, were applied. 1. Specify the research question, in terms of "Population-Exposure-Comparators-Outcomes" (PECO)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990506/metabolomic-heterogeneity-of-urogenital-tract-cancers-analyzed-by-complementary-chromatographic-techniques-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry
#4
Arlette Yumba Mpanga, Wiktoria Struck-Lewicka, Renata Bujak, Marcin Markuszewski, Marek Roslan, Roman Kaliszan, Michał Jan Markuszewski
BACKGROUND: In regard to urogenital tract cancer studies, an estimated 340,650 new cases and 58,360 deaths from genital system cancer and about 141,140 new cases and 29330 deaths from urinary system were projected to occur in United States in 2012. The main drawbacks of currently available diagnostic tests constitute the low specificity, costliness and quite high invasiveness. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this pilot study was to determine and compare urine metabolic fingerprints in urogenital tract cancer patients and healthy controls...
October 6, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966942/beta-adrenergic-receptors-are-expressed-across-diverse-cancers
#5
Steven L Rains, Clarissa N Amaya, Brad A Bryan
Based largely on retrospective analyses and a handful of prospective case reports, pharmacological inhibition of the beta adrenergic receptors using beta blockers has shown clinical anti-cancer efficacy in reproductive cancers, as well as angiosarcoma and multiple myeloma. Because of the potential promise of beta blockers as an adjunct to standard anti-cancer therapy, it is imperative to identify other tumor types expressing beta adrenergic (β-AR) receptors so future preclinical and clinical studies can be directed at the most promising tumor targets...
July 2017: Oncoscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960560/angiogenesis-in-schistosoma-haematobium-associated-urinary-bladder-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Anderson Dematei, Rúben Fernandes, Raquel Soares, Helena Alves, Joachim Richter, Monica C Botelho
Schistosoma haematobium, a parasitic flatworm that infects more than 100 million people, mostly in the developing world, is the causative agent of urogenital schistosomiasis, and is associated with a high incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bladder. During infection, eggs are deposited in the bladder causing an intense inflammatory reaction. Angiogenesis is defined as the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting ones and is recognized as a key event in cell proliferation and carcinogenesis and spread of malignant lesions...
September 28, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948233/no-evidence-for-clonal-transmission-of-urogenital-carcinoma-in-california-sea-lions-zalophus-californianus
#7
Máire Ní Leathlobhair, Frances M D Gulland, Elizabeth P Murchison
Urogenital carcinoma is a highly metastatic cancer affecting California sea lions ( Zalophus californianus). The disease has high prevalence amongst stranded animals, and is one of the most commonly observed cancers in wildlife. The genital localisation of primary tumours suggests the possibility that coital transmission of an infectious agent could underlie this disease. Otarine herpesvirus type 1 has been associated with lesions, however a causative role for this virus has not been confirmed. We investigated the possibility that urogenital carcinoma might be clonally transmissible, spread by the direct transfer of cancer cells...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928286/hpv-integration-in-hnscc-correlates-with-survival-outcomes-immune-response-signatures-and-candidate-drivers
#8
Lada A Koneva, Yanxiao Zhang, Shama Virani, Pelle B Hall, Jonathan B McHugh, Douglas B Chepeha, Gregory Wolf, Thomas E Carey, Laura S Rozek, Maureen A Sartor
The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharynx cancer has steadily increased over the past two decades, and now represents a majority of oropharyngeal cancer cases. Integration of the HPV genome into the host genome is a common event during carcinogenesis that has clinically-relevant effects if the viral early genes are transcribed. Understanding the impact of HPV integration on clinical outcomes of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is critical for implementing de-escalated treatment approaches for HPV-positive HNSCC patients...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921009/radiation-overexposure-from-repeated-ct-scans-in-young-adults-with-acute-abdominal-pain
#9
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Valconi, Angelo Vanzulli, Roberto Bianco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the dose of ionizing radiation caused by repeated CT scans performed to investigate non-traumatic acute abdominal conditions in young adults. METHODS: Over 26 months, we collected a cohort of patients aged 18 to 45 years who were subject to at least one urgent contrast-enhanced abdomen/pelvis CT. Patients affected with urolithiasis, HIV infection, tumors, and vascular and chronic inflammatory bowel diseases were excluded...
September 18, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901475/valproic-acid-inhibits-epithelial%C3%A2-mesenchymal-transition-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-by-decreasing-smad4-expression
#10
Shaowei Mao, Guoliang Lu, Xiaopeng Lan, Chuanwei Yuan, Wei Jiang, Yougen Chen, Xunbo Jin, Qinghua Xia
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy in urogenital neoplasms worldwide. According to previous studies, valproic acid (VPA), an anticonvulsant drug, can suppress tumor metastasis and decrease the expression level of Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4 (SMAD4) and therefore may inhibit epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is responsible for cancer metastasis. However, the association between VPA, EMT and SMAD4 in RCC metastasis remains obscure. In the present study, it was demonstrated that in the RCC cell lines 786‑O and Caki‑1 treated with VPA, the neural (N)‑cadherin, vimentin and SMAD4 protein and mRNA levels were decreased, accompanied with an increase in expression of epithelial (E)‑cadherin...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895409/long-noncoding-rna-asap1-it1-promotes-cancer-stemness-and-predicts-a-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-bladder-cancer
#11
L Yang, Y Xue, J Liu, J Zhuang, L Shen, B Shen, J Yan, H Guo
Urinary bladder cancer (UBC) is one of the most common urogenital malignancies. Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) play a vital role in tumor development and recurrence. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are reported to influence cancer progression via transcriptional, posttranscriptional or epigenetic regulation. Dysregulation of several lncRNAs has been implicated in UBC. In our study, we found that an uncharacterized lncRNA, ASAP1-IT1, was overexpressed in UBC tissues compared with adjacent non-malignant tissues...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889378/defining-the-pathways-of-urogenital-schistosomiasis-associated-urothelial-carcinogenesis-through-transgenic-and-bladder-wall-egg-injection-models
#12
Evaristus C Mbanefo, Michael H Hsieh
Urogenital schistosomiasis (infection with Schistosoma haematobium) is a major cause of bladder carcinogenesis. However, the exact mechanisms of the sequelae leading up to the development of bladder cancer are poorly understood, mainly because of a dearth of tractable mouse models. We developed a mouse model of urogenital schistosomiasis through intramural injection of parasite eggs into the bladder wall to mimic the trapping of parasite eggs in the bladder. This approach recapitulates many of the sequelae observed in infected humans...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888555/functional-impairment-prior-to-major-non-cardiac-surgery-is-associated-with-mortality-within-one-year-in-elderly-patients-with-gastrointestinal-gynaecological-and-urogenital-cancer-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#13
Maren Schmidt, Rahel Eckardt, Sarah Altmeppen, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia Spies
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic value of elements of the Geriatric Assessment, in particular the Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test and the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) for one-year post-operative mortality in elderly patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cohort study included patients 65years of age or older undergoing elective major surgery for cancer between June 2008 and June 2010. Preoperative functional status was measured by the TUG Test and the Barthel Index of ADL Cognitive state was assessed by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858743/quadruple-primary-urogenital-cancers-a-case-report
#14
Florin-Ioan Elec, Andreea Zaharie, Bogdan-Mihai Ene, Liviu Ghervan
INTRODUCTION: Urogenital cancers are not an uncommon occurrence in daily practice. Prostate cancer is the second most frequent cancer in men, kidney cancer accounts for 2.4% of all cancers and bladder cancers represent 3.1% of cancers in both men and women [1]. However, the cases of a simultaneous development of all three cancers, including one with a neuroendocrine component, are very few and far between. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Our case report involves a case of a patient with prostate adenocarcinoma, clear-cell renal carcinoma, papillary renal carcinoma and small-cell bladder cancer...
August 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834864/effects-of-tamoxifen-on-urinary-incontinence-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Elshad Hasanov, Merve Hasanov, Issa M Kuria, Rovshan Hasanov, Reshad Rzazade, Eric Jonasch, Kadri Altundag
RATIONALE: Tamoxifen has been used in women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer and has been shown to successfully reduce both recurrence and mortality. On the contrary, long-term use of tamoxifen has hormone-related urogenital side effects which decrease the quality of life of the patients. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this case report, we present a breast cancer patient receiving tamoxifen who developed urinary incontinence; we discuss the effects of tamoxifen on urinary incontinence, which decreases quality of life of the patients who were evaluated in our clinic...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797714/profiling-the-urinary-microbiome-in-men-with-positive-versus-negative-biopsies-for-prostate-cancer
#16
Eva Shrestha, James R White, Shu-Han Yu, Ibrahim Kulac, Onur Ertunc, Angelo M De Marzo, Srinivasan Yegnasubramanian, Leslie A Mangold, Alan W Partin, Karen S Sfanos
PURPOSE: Studies demonstrating bacterial DNA and cultivable bacteria in urine samples have challenged the clinical dogma that urine is sterile. Furthermore, studies now indicate that dysbiosis of the urinary microbiome is associated with pathological conditions. We propose that the urinary microbiome may influence chronic inflammation observed in the prostate, leading to prostate cancer development and progression. Therefore, we profiled the urinary microbiome in men with positive vs negative biopsies for prostate cancer...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740634/human-papillomavirus-and-gastrointestinal-cancer-in-iranian-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Versa Omrani-Navai, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Yousef Yahyapour, Akbar Hedayatizadeh-Omran, Saeid Abediankenari, Ghasem Janbabaei, Fatima Toghani
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies are the most common cancers and account for nearly half of all cancer-related deaths in Iran. There was a strong association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and urogenital cancers, in particular the cervix. However, there is no clear causal relationship in all types of cancers, including gastrointestinal cancers. Therefore, the present study as a systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the prevalence and relation of HPV in GI cancers...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721448/-pi-rads-2-0-for-prostate-mri
#18
T Franiel, M Röthke
The PI-RADS 2.0 classification was established by an international collaboration of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR), the American College of Radiology (ACR), and AdMetech Foundation to globally standardize the acquisition and interpretation of multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The PI-RADS 2.0 aims to improve the detection, localization, staging and risk stratification of patients with suspected or histologically confirmed prostate cancer. Suspicious areas on T2-weighted (T2w) MRI, diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) were assessed for the presence of a clinically significant prostate cancer with scale from 1 to 5 with 5 being most likely to represent clinically significant prostate cancer...
August 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705037/saffron-and-its-derivatives-crocin-crocetin-and-safranal-a-patent-review
#19
Maryam Rameshrad, Bibi Marjan Razavi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Saffron and its main components have traditionally been used as pharmaceutical agents. Current experimental research projects have also exhibited their applications in a wide spectrum of disorder treatments. Area covered: This review covers the demonstrated findings and patents on therapeutic/pharmaceutical properties of saffron and related derivatives, since 2000 to bold their outstanding merit on human health. An extensive literature review was performed in USP Patent, Patentscope, Espacenet and Google Patent in the field of CNS, cardiovascular, urogenital, dermatological and inflammatory disorders...
July 13, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683707/docetaxel-in-hormone-sensitive-advanced-prostate-cancer-genesis-sefh-evaluation-reporta
#20
Juan Carlos García de Paredes Esteban, Emilio Jesús Alegre Del Rey, Rocío Asensi Díez
Prostate cancer (PC) is the most common urogenital malignancy in older men and the second leading cause of death by cancer in men in Europe. Current therapeutic practice considers Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) as first line treatment for clinically localized prostate cancer at high-risk, either locally advanced or metastatic. ADT can be achieved through orchiectomy (surgical castration), luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, or through complete androgen blockade (LHRH agonist combined with an anti-androgen)...
July 1, 2017: Farmacia Hospitalaria
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