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Urogenital cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218255/oncology-section-edge-task-force-on-urogenital-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-measures-for-incontinence
#1
Alicia Jeffrey, Shana E Harrington, Alexandra Hill, Amanda Roscow, Meryl Alappattu
Background: Compared to the general population, women and men with urogenital and colorectal cancer experience higher rates of urinary and fecal incontinence. Although a variety of measures exist to assess these areas, currently, there are no guidelines recommending which outcomes rehabilitation professionals should administer to examine these impairments in those with cancer. Purpose: To identify outcome measures for assessing urinary and fecal incontinence and evaluate their psychometric data and applicability to the cancer population...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207728/the-effect-of-soy-isoflavones-on-the-menopause-rating-scale-scoring-in-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-a-pilot-study
#2
Marya Ahsan, Ayaz Khurram Mallick
Introduction: Menopause is associated with many unpleasant symptoms which vary in different phases of menopausal transition. Although, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is considered the most effective mode of treatment for these symptoms, its use is associated with increased risk of breast cancer, endometrial cancer and thromboembolic events. Soy isoflavones are being widely used as a safer alternative to HRT, even though scientific evidence of their efficacy is poor or lacking. Aim: To study the effect of soy isoflavone supplementation on the menopausal symptoms in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200869/preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-and-nomogram-predicting-recurrence-free-survival-in-patients-with-primary-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-without-carcinoma-in-situ
#3
Jianfeng Cui, Shouzhen Chen, Qiyu Bo, Shiyu Wang, Ning Zhang, Meng Yu, Wenfu Wang, Jie Han, Yaofeng Zhu, Benkang Shi
Background and objectives: Among the cancers of the urogenital system, bladder cancer is ranked second both in incidence and mortality, and hence, a more accurate estimate of the prognosis for individual patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is urgently needed. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) which is based on serum albumin levels and peripheral lymphocyte count has been confirmed to have prognostic value in various cancers. The aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic value of PNI in patients with NMIBC...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182577/estrogen-metabolism-associated-cyp2d6-and-il6-174g-c-polymorphisms-in-schistosoma-haematobium-infection
#4
Rita Cardoso, Pedro C Lacerda, Paulo P Costa, Ana Machado, André Carvalho, Adriano Bordalo, Ruben Fernandes, Raquel Soares, Joachim Richter, Helena Alves, Monica C Botelho
Schistosoma haematobium is a human blood fluke causing a chronic infection called urogenital schistosomiasis. Squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder (SCC) constitutes chronic sequelae of this infection, and S. haematobium infection is accounted as a risk factor for this type of cancer. This infection is considered a neglected tropical disease and is endemic in numerous countries in Africa and the Middle East. Schistosome eggs produce catechol-estrogens. These estrogenic molecules are metabolized to active quinones that induce modifications in DNA...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145324/a-rare-case-of-merkel-cell-carcinoma-presenting-as-a-giant-intra-thoracic-mass-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Feng-Wei Kong, Miao Zhang, Heng Wang, Cun-Tao Lu, Wen-Bin Wu, Yuan-Yuan Liu
RATIONALE: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive neuroendocrine-derived cutaneous cancer. Ectopic or single metastatic MCC located in thorax is extremely rare; meanwhile, its definite management has not been elucidated yet. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old female patient with a giant mass located in her left thorax was presented for stuffy pain of left chest for 6 months and fever for half a month. She underwent radical resection of vulvar MCC 10 years ago...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135152/-masks-of-urogenital-tuberculosis-as-the-cause-of-diagnostic-errors
#6
D P Kholtobin, E V Kulchavenya
Urogenital tuberculosis does not have pathognomonic symptoms, so diagnostic errors are quite common. This systematic review of literature was conducted to identify the causes and estimate the incidence of erroneous diagnoses. We critically evaluated some articles in which the authors describe observations of urogenital tuberculosis as rare and unusual because they never encountered this disease, but in fact that were typical manifestations of genitourinary tuberculosis. The authors analyzed and illustrated the features of urinary tuberculosis in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis, differential diagnosis of urogenital tuberculosis and kidney cancer and male genitourinary organs, described errors in the diagnosis of urethral, testicular, penile, prostatic and epididymal tuberculosis...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102489/cause-specific-mortality-in-adults-with-atopic-dermatitis
#7
Jacob P Thyssen, Lone Skov, Alexander Egeberg
BACKGROUND: Adult atopic dermatitis (AD) has been associated with several co-morbidities, but cause-specific mortality risk is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To examine cause-specific death rates and risk in adults with AD. METHODS: We performed cross-linkage of nationwide health care and cause of death registers. Adult patients with AD were matched with 10 controls per study subject. We calculated incidence rates per 1,000 person-years and hazard ratios (HRs) of cause-specific death with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) using Cox proportional hazards models...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093256/-mechanisms-for-castration-resistance-of-prostate-carcinoma
#8
Fangzhi Chen, Xiaokun Zhao
Prostate cancer is the most prevalent male urogenital malignancy. The tumor cells are prone to castration-resistance after androgen deprivation therapy. Variation and reactivation of androgen receptor, and the change in the tumor microenvironment are the major pathological factors for development of castration-resistant prostate carcinoma (CRPC). Systematically analyzing and understanding the mechanisms for castration-resistance of prostate carcinoma will be significant for laying the basis for improvement of the strategies on precise treatment for CRPC...
October 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079542/aapt-diagnostic-criteria-for-chronic-abdominal-pelvic-and-urogenital-pain-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
QiQi Zhou, Ursula Wesselmann, Lynn Walker, Linda Lee, Lonnie Zeltzer, G Nicholas Verne
In conjuction with the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks (ACTTION) public-private partnership with the US Food and Drug Administration and the American Pain Society (APS), the ACTTION-APS Pain Taxonomy (AAPT) initiative strove to develop the characteristics of a diagnostic system useful for clinical and research purposes across disciplines and types of chronic pain conditions. Following the establishment of these characteristics, a working group of clinicians and clinical and basic scientists with expertise in abdominal, pelvic, and urogenital pain began generating core diagnostic criteria and defining the related extraintestinal somatic pain and other symptoms experienced by patients...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071398/-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-use-of-cabazitaxel-taking-into-consideration-current-data
#10
J E Gschwend, P Albers, M Bögemann, P Goebell, A Heidenreich, J Klier, F König, S Machtens, K Pantel, C Thomas
BACKGROUND: At the 2016 ASCO annual meeting, new data from two randomized phase III studies concerning taxane-based chemotherapy as a treatment option for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) were presented. OBJECTIVES: The focus is on the clinical impact of these data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A group of German experts in the field of urogenital-oncologic expertise discussed the clinical impact with respect to the current data...
October 25, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063480/an-update-of-pitfalls-in-prostate-mpmri-a-practical-approach-through-the-lens-of-pi-rads-v-2-guidelines
#11
REVIEW
Valeria Panebianco, Francesco Giganti, Yu Xuan Kitzing, François Cornud, Riccardo Campa, Gianluca De Rubeis, Antonio Ciardi, Carlo Catalano, Geert Villeirs
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current report is to provide an update in the imaging interpretation of prostate cancer on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), with a special focus on how to discriminate pathological tissue from the most common pitfalls that may be encountered during daily clinical practice using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) version 2 guidelines. METHODS: All the cases that are shown in this pictorial review comply with the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) guidelines for technical mpMRI requirements...
October 23, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059677/parasitic-hematuria-six-cases-in-a-row-in-a-single-centre-in-spain
#12
Begoña Ballesta Martínez, Jonathan Rodríguez Talavera, Adrián Amador Robayna, Almudena Carrión Valencia, Nuria Orribo Morales, Lorena García García, Melania Santa Cruz Pérez, Manuel Felipe Ravina Pisaca
Most cases of urogenital parasitosis are registered in Africa. However, migration movements and travellers moving from developed to developing countries are responsible for leading to an increased incidence of genitourinary infections caused by parasites in the western world including Spain having serious economic and health implications. The importance of its early detection and treatment also results from its potential risk for infertility, susceptibility for HIV infection and the development of bladder cancer...
October 24, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039237/sglt2-inhibitors-are-they-safe
#13
Sebastian Filippas-Ntekouan, Theodosios D Filippatos, Moses S Elisaf
Sodium-glucose linked transporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a relatively new class of antidiabetic drugs with positive cardiovascular and kidney effects. The aim of this review is to present the safety issues associated with SGLT2 inhibitors. Urogenital infections are the most frequently encountered adverse events, although tend to be mild to moderate and are easily manageable with standard treatment. Although no increased acute kidney injury risk was evident in the major trials, the mechanism of action of these drugs requires caution when they are administered in patients with extracellular volume depletion or with drugs affecting renal hemodynamics...
October 27, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028100/zeb1-promotes-prostate-cancer-proliferation-and-invasion-through-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#14
X-F Song, H Chang, Q Liang, Z-F Guo, J-W Wu
OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer is a kind of malignancy with high occurrence in the male urogenital system. However, the mechanism of the occurrence, the progression, and the metastasis of prostate cancer are still unclear. Searching for the effective molecule target is of great significance to improve the curative effect on prostate cancer. Zinc finger E box binding protein-1 (ZEB1) protein is a member of the zinc finger transcription factor family that participates in the embryonic development and formation...
September 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020961/hazardous-waste-and-health-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#15
REVIEW
L Fazzo, F Minichilli, M Santoro, A Ceccarini, M Della Seta, F Bianchi, P Comba, M Martuzzi
Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous waste are worldwide challenges. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. The following five steps, based on pre-defined systematic criteria, were applied. 1. Specify the research question, in terms of "Population-Exposure-Comparators-Outcomes" (PECO)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990506/metabolomic-heterogeneity-of-urogenital-tract-cancers-analyzed-by-complementary-chromatographic-techniques-coupled-with-mass-spectrometry
#16
Arlette Yumba Mpanga, Wiktoria Struck-Lewicka, Renata Bujak, Marcin Markuszewski, Marek Roslan, Roman Kaliszan, Michał Jan Markuszewski
BACKGROUND: In regard to urogenital tract cancer studies, an estimated 340,650 new cases and 58,360 deaths from genital system cancer and about 141,140 new cases and 29330 deaths from urinary system were projected to occur in United States in 2012. The main drawbacks of currently available diagnostic tests constitute the low specificity, costliness and quite high invasiveness. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this pilot study was to determine and compare urine metabolic fingerprints in urogenital tract cancer patients and healthy controls...
October 6, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966942/beta-adrenergic-receptors-are-expressed-across-diverse-cancers
#17
Steven L Rains, Clarissa N Amaya, Brad A Bryan
Based largely on retrospective analyses and a handful of prospective case reports, pharmacological inhibition of the beta adrenergic receptors using beta blockers has shown clinical anti-cancer efficacy in reproductive cancers, as well as angiosarcoma and multiple myeloma. Because of the potential promise of beta blockers as an adjunct to standard anti-cancer therapy, it is imperative to identify other tumor types expressing beta adrenergic (β-AR) receptors so future preclinical and clinical studies can be directed at the most promising tumor targets...
July 2017: Oncoscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960560/angiogenesis-in-schistosoma-haematobium-associated-urinary-bladder-cancer
#18
REVIEW
Anderson Dematei, Rúben Fernandes, Raquel Soares, Helena Alves, Joachim Richter, Monica C Botelho
Schistosoma haematobium, a parasitic flatworm that infects more than 100 million people, mostly in the developing world, is the causative agent of urogenital schistosomiasis, and is associated with a high incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bladder. During infection, eggs are deposited in the bladder causing an intense inflammatory reaction. Angiogenesis is defined as the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting ones and is recognized as a key event in cell proliferation and carcinogenesis and spread of malignant lesions...
September 28, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948233/no-evidence-for-clonal-transmission-of-urogenital-carcinoma-in-california-sea-lions-zalophus-californianus
#19
Máire Ní Leathlobhair, Frances M D Gulland, Elizabeth P Murchison
Urogenital carcinoma is a highly metastatic cancer affecting California sea lions ( Zalophus californianus). The disease has high prevalence amongst stranded animals, and is one of the most commonly observed cancers in wildlife. The genital localisation of primary tumours suggests the possibility that coital transmission of an infectious agent could underlie this disease. Otarine herpesvirus type 1 has been associated with lesions, however a causative role for this virus has not been confirmed. We investigated the possibility that urogenital carcinoma might be clonally transmissible, spread by the direct transfer of cancer cells...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928286/hpv-integration-in-hnscc-correlates-with-survival-outcomes-immune-response-signatures-and-candidate-drivers
#20
Lada A Koneva, Yanxiao Zhang, Shama Virani, Pelle B Hall, Jonathan B McHugh, Douglas B Chepeha, Gregory Wolf, Thomas E Carey, Laura S Rozek, Maureen A Sartor
The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharynx cancer has steadily increased over the past two decades, and now represents a majority of oropharyngeal cancer cases. Integration of the HPV genome into the host genome is a common event during carcinogenesis that has clinically-relevant effects if the viral early genes are transcribed. Understanding the impact of HPV integration on clinical outcomes of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is critical for implementing de-escalated treatment approaches for HPV-positive HNSCC patients...
September 19, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
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