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active global stretching

Heleno Almeida, Raphael F DE Souza, Felipe J Aidar, Alisson G DA Silva, Ricardo P Regi, Afrânio A Bastos
In order to analyze the Global Active Stretching (SGA®) practice on the physical performance enhancement in judo-practitioner competitors, 12 male athletes from Judo Federation of Sergipe (Federação Sergipana de Judô), were divided into two groups: Experimental Group (EG) and Control Group (CG). For 10 weeks, the EG practiced SGA® self-postures and the CG practiced assorted calisthenic exercises. All of them were submitted to a variety of tests (before and after): handgrip strength, flexibility, upper limbs' muscle power, isometric pull-up force, lower limbs' muscle power (squat-jump - SJ and countermovement jump - CMJ) and Tokui Waza test...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Patricio A Pincheira, Ben W Hoffman, Andrew G Cresswell, Timothy J Carroll, Nicholas A T Brown, Glen A Lichtwark
Changes in muscle fascicle mechanics have been postulated to underpin the repeated bout effect (RBE) observed following exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). However, in the medial gastrocnemius (MG), mixed evidence exists on whether fascicle stretch amplitude influences the level of EIMD, thus questioning whether changes in fascicle mechanics underpin the RBE. An alternative hypothesis is that neural adaptations contribute to the RBE in this muscle. The aim of this study was to investigate neuromechanical adaptations during and after repeated bouts of a highly controlled muscle lengthening exercise that aimed to maximise EIMD in MG...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Haitham A Shaban, Roman Barth, Kerstin Bystricky
Intrinsic dynamics of chromatin contribute to gene regulation. How chromatin mobility responds to genomic processes, and whether this response relies on coordinated chromatin movement is still unclear. Here, we introduce an approach called Dense Flow reConstruction and Correlation (DFCC), to quantify correlation of chromatin motion with sub-pixel sensitivity at the level of the whole nucleus. DFCC reconstructs dense global flow fields of fluorescent images acquired in real-time. We applied our approach to analyze stochastic movements of DNA and histones, based on direction and magnitude at different time lags in human cells...
April 30, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Mahmoud Moqadam, Anders Lervik, Enrico Riccardi, Vishwesh Venkatraman, Bjørn Kåre Alsberg, Titus S van Erp
The pH of liquid water is determined by the infrequent process in which water molecules split into short-lived hydroxide and hydronium ions. This reaction is difficult to probe experimentally and challenging to simulate. One of the open questions is whether the local water structure around a slightly stretched OH bond is actually initiating the eventual breakage of this bond or whether this event is driven by a global ordering that involves many water molecules far away from the reaction center. Here, we investigated the self-ionization of water at room temperature by rare-event ab initio molecular dynamics and obtained autoionization rates and activation energies in good agreement with experiments...
May 15, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Andrea Cocci, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Andrea Salonia, Gianmartin Cito, Federica Regis, Gaia Polloni, Gianluca Giubilei, Giovanni Cacciamani, Marco Capece, Marco Falcone, Isabella Greco, Massimiliano Timpano, Andrea Minervini, Mauro Gacci, Tommaso Cai, Giulio Garaffa, Bruno Giammusso, Davide Arcaniolo, Vincenzo Mirone, Nicola Mondaini
BACKGROUND: Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH; Xiapex) injections represent the only licensed medical treatment for Peyronie's disease (PD). AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CCH injections in men with stable PD, using a modified treatment protocol and to assess partners' bother improvement in a large cohort of White-European sexually active heterosexual men treated in a single tertiary-referral center. METHODS: All the 135 patients enrolled underwent a thorough assessment, which included history taking, physical examination, and pharmacologically induced artificial erection test (intra-cavernous injection) to assess the degree of penile curvature (PC) at baseline and after the completion of the treatment...
May 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Yongfa Zhu, Leilei Ping, Mengna Bai, Yang Liu, Hongwei Song, Jun Li, Minghui Yang
The prototypical hydrogen exchange reaction OH + H2O → H2O + OH has attracted considerable interest due to its importance in a wide range of chemically active environments. In this work, an accurate global potential energy surface (PES) for the ground electronic state was developed based on ∼44 000 ab initio points at the level of UCCSD(T)-F12a/aug-cc-pVTZ. The PES was fitted using the fundamental invariant-neural network method with a root mean squared error of 4.37 meV. The mode specific dynamics was then studied by the quasi-classical trajectory method on the PES...
May 9, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Felisa A Smith, Rosemary E Elliott Smith, S Kathleen Lyons, Jonathan L Payne
Since the late Pleistocene, large-bodied mammals have been extirpated from much of Earth. Although all habitable continents once harbored giant mammals, the few remaining species are largely confined to Africa. This decline is coincident with the global expansion of hominins over the late Quaternary. Here, we quantify mammalian extinction selectivity, continental body size distributions, and taxonomic diversity over five time periods spanning the past 125,000 years and stretching approximately 200 years into the future...
April 20, 2018: Science
Bogdan Constantin Raţ, Marinela Raţă, Bogdan Antohe
BACKGROUND: Most lesions of the soft tissues, especially those at the muscle level, are due to the lack of elasticity of the connective tissue and fascia. Stretching is one of the most commonly used methods of treatment for such musculoskeletal issues. OBJECTIVE: This study tracks the effects of stretching on the electromyographic activity of muscle chains, applied to a 24-year-old athlete diagnosed with the Haglund's disease. METHOD: For the evaluation, we used visual examination and surface electromyography (maximum volumetric isometric contraction)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
John R Best, Janice J Eng, Jennifer C Davis, Robin Hsiung, Peter A Hall, Laura E Middleton, Peter Graf, Charles H Goldsmith, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular disease-such as stroke-is the second most common cause of dementia (ie, vascular dementia). Specifically, a stroke increases one's risk for dementia by a factor of two. Thus, stroke survivors represent a target population in need of intervention strategies to promote cognitive function and prevent dementia. The current standard of care in stroke rehabilitation does not adequately address the significant cognitive consequences of stroke, especially for those who are in the chronic phase (ie, >12 months since an index stroke)...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Héctor Álvaro Galué, Grisell Díaz Leines
The cosmic unidentified infrared emission (UIE) band phenomenon is generally considered as indicative of free-flying polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules in space. However, a coherent explanation of emission spectral band patterns depending on astrophysical source is yet to be resolved under this attribution. Meanwhile astronomers have restored the alternative origin as due to amorphous carbon particles, but assigning spectral patterns to specific structural elements of particles is equally challenging...
October 27, 2017: Physical Review Letters
M Rachel Mehaffey, Michael B Cammarata, Jennifer S Brodbelt
The complex interplay of dynamic protein plasticity and specific side-chain interactions with substrate molecules that allows enzymes to catalyze reactions has yet to be fully unraveled. Top-down ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) mass spectrometry is used to track snapshots of conformational fluctuations in the phosphotransferase adenylate kinase (AK) throughout its active reaction cycle by characterization of complexes containing AK and each of four different adenosine phosphate ligands. Variations in efficiencies of UVPD backbone cleavages were consistently observed for three α-helices and the adenosine binding regions for AK complexes representing different steps of the catalytic cycle, implying that these stretches of the protein sample various structural microstates as the enzyme undergoes global open-to-closed transitions...
January 2, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
G Sankaran Pillai, S Chandrasekaran, K Sivasubramanian, R Baskaran, B Venkatraman
This review deals with natural radioactivity variation along the southeast coast of Tamil Nadu for the past four decades (1974-2016). About 40 research works have been conducted along the coast since 1974 in various environmental matrices using a variety of experimental methods. For these measurements researchers are adopted different experimental methods. The measured gamma dose rate ranged from 30 to 8700 nGy/h. The mean specific activity of 238 U, 232 Th and 40 K was found to be 58.8 ± 28.7, 465.2 ± 147...
October 21, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Lu Li, Jiajie Liang, Huier Gao, Ying Li, Xiaofan Niu, Xiaodan Zhu, Yan Xiong, Qibing Pei
An organic solar cell based on a bulk heterojunction of a conjugated polymer and a methanofullerene PC61 BM or PC71 BM exhibits a complex morphology that controls both its photovoltaic and mechanical compliance (flexibility and stretchability). Here, the donor-acceptor blend of poly(thieno[3,4-b]-thiophene/benzodithiophene) (PTB7) and PC71 BM containing a small amount of diiodooctane (DIO) in the spin-casting solution is reported to exhibit elastic deformability. The blend comprises nanometer-size, nanocrystalline grains that are relatively uniformly distributed...
November 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yunya Zhang, Zan Gao, Xiaodong Li
An effective strategy to tackle the twin crises of global deforestation and fossil fuel depletion is to recycle biomass materials for energy storage devices. This study reports a unique and innovative solution to capitalize on a currently overlooked resource to produce high-performance lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries from recycled paper. The recycled paper fibers are creatively composited with graphene oxide sheets via a capillary adsorption method. The recycled paper/graphene oxide hybrid is then converted to activated paper carbon/reduced graphene oxide (APC/graphene) scaffold for sulfur infiltration...
September 20, 2017: Small
Viviane Timmermann, Lars A Dejgaard, Kristina H Haugaa, Andrew G Edwards, Joakim Sundnes, Andrew D McCulloch, Samuel T Wall
Mechanically-induced alterations in cardiac electrophysiology are referred to as mechano-electric feedback (MEF), and play an important role in electrical regulation of cardiac performance. The influence of mechanical stress and strain on electrophysiology has been investigated at all levels, however the role of MEF in arrhythmia remains poorly understood. During the normal contraction of the heart, mechano-sensitive processes are an implicit component of cardiac activity. Under abnormal mechanical events, stretch-activated mechanisms may contribute to local or global changes in electrophysiology (EP)...
November 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Hiromasa Okayasu, Carolyn Sein, Diana Chang Blanc, Alejandro Ramirez Gonzalez, Darin Zehrung, Courtney Jarrahian, Grace Macklin, Roland W Sutter
A fractional dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine (fIPV) administered by the intradermal route delivers one fifth of the full vaccine dose administered by the intramuscular route and offers a potential dose-sparing strategy to stretch the limited global IPV supply while further improving population immunity. Multiple studies have assessed immunogenicity of intradermal fIPV compared with the full intramuscular dose and demonstrated encouraging results. Novel intradermal devices, including intradermal adapters and disposable-syringe jet injectors, have also been developed and evaluated as alternatives to traditional Bacillus Calmette-Guérin needles and syringes for the administration of fIPV...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ian Lewis, Ann Ottosen, Jennifer Rubin, Diana Chang Blanc, Simona Zipursky, Emily Wootton
A total of 105 countries have introduced IPV as of September 2016 of which 85 have procured the vaccine through UNICEF. The Global Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 called for the rapid introduction of at least one dose of IPV into routine immunization schedules in 126 all OPV-using countries by the end of 2015. At the time of initiating the procurement process, demand was estimated based on global modeling rather than individual country indications. In its capacity as procurement agency for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, UNICEF set out to secure access to IPV supply for around 100 countries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Brian Burkel, Jacob Notbohm
As force is applied to fibrous proteins such as collagen or fibrin, the fibers respond by bending, stretching, or buckling, which together bring about a nonlinear relationship between force and displacement. The nonlinearity is typically understood in terms of strain stiffening in uniform extension or shear, but there remains a critical lack of data on how fibrous materials respond to other more complicated loadings. Here we study the mechanics of collagen networks in response to nonuniform loads applied on the local scale of the fibers...
August 30, 2017: Soft Matter
Zachary K Winkelmann, Ethan J Roberts, Kenneth E Games
CONTEXT: Hamstring inflexibility is typically treated using therapeutic massage, stretching, and soft tissue mobilization. An alternative intervention is deep oscillation therapy (DOT). Currently, there is a lack of evidence to support DOT's effectiveness to improve flexibility. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effectiveness of DOT to improve hamstring flexibility. DESIGN: Randomized single-cohort. SETTING: Research laboratory...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Joon-Chul Kim, Min-Jeong Son, Jun Wang, Sun-Hee Woo
Cardiac contraction is controlled by a Ca2+ signaling sequence that includes L-type Ca2+ current-gated opening of Ca2+ release channels (ryanodine receptors) in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Local Ca2+ signaling in the atrium differs from that in the ventricle because atrial myocytes lack transverse tubules and have more abundant corbular SR. Myocardium is subjected to a variety of forces with each contraction, such as stretch, shear stress, and afterload, and adapts to those mechanical stresses. These mechanical stimuli increase in heart failure, hypertension, and valvular heart diseases that are clinically implicated in atrial fibrillation and stroke...
July 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
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