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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136743/-drug-resistance-mutations-and-its-associated-factors-among-579-hiv-aids-patients-experiencing-failure-of-antiretroviral-therapy-in-jiangsu-province-china
#1
P P Xiao, J Lu, H Y Hu, X Q Xu, P Ding, G F Fu, X P Huan, Y Zhou, H T Yang
Objective: To understand the incidence and related factors of HIV-1 drug resistance among HIV/AIDS patients experiencing treatment failure in Jiangsu province, China. Methods: The HIV/AIDS integrated prevention and control data information management system of China were used to collect the basic data of patients, blood specimens were collected from patients who had antiretroviral therapy (ART) failure with ≥12 months and older than 18 years in 2016 in Jiangsu, excluding cases with missing information, 713 cases were enrolled in this study...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126308/nrf2-deficiency-promotes-the-progression-from-acute-tubular-damage-to-chronic-renal-fibrosis-following-unilateral-ureteral-obstruction
#2
Weiwei Kong, Jingqi Fu, Nan Liu, Congcong Jiao, Guangying Guo, Junjun Luan, Huihui Wang, Li Yao, Lining Wang, Masayuki Yamamoto, Jingbo Pi, Hua Zhou
Background: Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a central mediator of cellular responses to oxidative stress. We hypothesized that Nrf2 modulates progression from acute tubular damage to renal fibrosis. We asked whether Nrf2 deletion increases renal injury in mice following unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Methods: We explored the time course of renal injury and Nrf2 expression in Nrf2+/+ mice following UUO. We compared Nrf2+/+ and Nrf2-/- mice following UUO in tubular damage, transdifferentiation [vimentin, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)], fibrosis [fibronectin, α-smooth muscle actin (SMA)], antioxidative and inflammatory responses...
November 6, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124255/a-microdialysis-based-analytical-system-for-dynamic-monitoring-of-arsenic-transformation-under-microbial-activity
#3
Keng-Chang Hsu, Jing-Ru Hsieh, Ya-Ching Chen, Pi-Fu Hsu, Chih-Chang Hung, Yeou-Lih Huang
In this study, a microdialysis (MD) technique was combined with high-performance liquid chromatography/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS) for continuous monitoring of the dynamic variations of arsenic species in a microbe-inoculated culture broth. After optimizing the analytical system, retrodialysis was applied to assess the probe recovery and analytical performance of the proposed method. The mean probe recoveries of four arsenic species were in the range from 57.0 to 81.8%. The limit of detection (LOD) for arsenic was in the range of 0...
November 10, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081891/nrf2-is-a-potential-modulator-of-hyperresistance-to-arsenic-toxicity-in-stem-like-keratinocytes
#4
Xiafang Wu, Bei Yang, Yuxin Hu, Ru Sun, Huihui Wang, Jingqi Fu, Yongyong Hou, Jingbo Pi, Yuanyuan Xu
Arsenic is a well-known human carcinogen. Stem cells are indicated to be involved in arsenic carcinogenesis and have a survival selection advantage during arsenic exposure with underlying mechanisms undefined. In the present study, we demonstrated that CD34(high)-enriched cells derived from HaCaT human keratinocytes showed stem-like phenotypes. These cells were more resistant to arsenic toxicity and had higher arsenic efflux ability than their mature compartments. The master transcription factor in antioxidant defense, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) with its downstream genes, was highly expressed in CD34(high)-enriched cells...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064419/ni-ii-complexes-with-schiff-base-ligands-preparation-characterization-dna-protein-interaction-and-cytotoxicity-studies
#5
Hui Yu, Wei Zhang, Qing Yu, Fu-Ping Huang, He-Dong Bian, Hong Liang
In this study, two Ni(II) complexes, namely [Ni(HL1)₂(OAc)₂] (1) and [Ni(L2)₂] (2) (where HL1 and HL2 are (E)-1-((1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-pyrazol-5-ylimino)methyl)-naphthalen-2-ol) and (E)-ethyl-5-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)methyleneamino)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate, respectively), were synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography, Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS), elemental analysis, and IR. Their uptake in biological macromolecules and cancer cells were preliminarily investigated through electronic absorption (UV-Vis), circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence quenching measurements...
October 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061907/deubiquitllating-enzyme-otu5-contributes-to-dna-methylation-patterns-and-is-critical-for-phosphate-nutrition-signals
#6
Ming-Ren Yen, Der-Fen Suen, Fei-Man Hsu, Yi-Hsiu Tsai, Hongyong Fu, Wolfgang Schmidt, Pao-Yang Chen
Phosphate (Pi) starvation induces a suite of adaptive responses aimed at recalibrating cellular Pi homeostasis. Plants harboring a mutation in OVARIAN TUMOR DOMAIN-CONTAINING DEUBIQUITILATING ENZYME5 (OTU5) showed altered DNA methylation of root hair-related genes and altered Pi-responsive root traits. Unlike the wild type, homozygous otu5 mutants did not respond to Pi starvation by increased lateral root formation and increased root hair length, but formed very short root hairs when grown on low Pi media. Under Pi-replete conditions, otu5 plants developed more root hairs than the wild type due to attenuated primary root growth, a phenotype which resembled that of Pi-deficient plants...
October 23, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040392/%C3%AE-cypermethrin-and-its-metabolite-3-phenoxybenzoic-acid-exhibit-immunotoxicity-in-murine-macrophages
#7
Xia Wang, Bingnan He, Baida Kong, Lai Wei, Rong Wang, Chenqian Zhou, Yiyan Shao, Jiajia Lin, Yuanxiang Jin, Zhengwei Fu
β-Cypermethrin (β-CYP), one of most important pyrethroids, is widely used to control insects, and has been detected in organisms, including human. Pyrethroids have been shown to pose neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, endocrine disruption and reproductive risks in mammals. However, research in immunotoxicity of pyrethroids, especially their metabolites, is limited. A common metabolite of pyrethroids is 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) in mammals. Thus, in this study, we evaluated the immunotoxicity of β-CYP and 3-PBA in mouse macrophages, RAW 264...
October 11, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035339/promoting-effect-of-pinostrobin-on-the-proliferation-differentiation-and-mineralization-of-murine-pre-osteoblastic-mc3t3-e1-cells
#8
Chengbo Gu, Linan Fu, Xiaohan Yuan, Zhiguo Liu
Pinostrobin (PI), a natural flavonoid found in a variety of plants, is well known for its rich pharmacological activities. However, its osteogenic function remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of PI on the proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization of murine pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells in vitro using MTT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, the synthesis of collagen I (Col I) assay, and Von-Kossa staining, respectively. The expression of osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA in cells was detected by real-time PCR...
October 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016433/under-correction-of-sagittal-deformities-based-on-age-adjusted-alignment-thresholds-leads-to-worse-hrqol-while-over-correction-provides-no-additional-benefit
#9
Justin K Scheer, Renaud Lafage, Frank J Schwab, Barthelemy Liabaud, Justin S Smith, Gregory M Mundis, Richard Hostin, Christopher I Shaffrey, Douglas C Burton, Robert A Hart, Han Jo Kim, Shay Bess, Munish Gupta, Virginie Lafage, Christopher P Ames
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively-collected database. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare 2-year clinical outcomes of patients who underwent surgical reconstructions based on their achievement to age-adjusted alignment ideals. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent research in sagittal plane has proposed age-adjusted alignment thresholds. However, the impact of these thresholds on post-operative HRQL is yet to be investigated...
October 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989847/comparison-between-s2-alar-iliac-screw-fixation-and-iliac-screw-fixation-in-adult-deformity-surgery-reoperation-rates-and-spinopelvic-parameters
#10
Wataru Ishida, Benjamin D Elder, Christina Holmes, Sheng-Fu L Lo, C Rory Goodwin, Thomas A Kosztowski, Ali Bydon, Ziya L Gokaslan, Jean-Paul Wolinsky, Daniel M Sciubba, Timothy F Witham
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The S2-alar-iliac (S2AI) technique has been described as an alternative method for pelvic fixation in place of iliac screws (ISs) in spinal deformity surgery. The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of S2AI screws on radiographical outcomes, including spinopelvic parameters. METHODS: A retrospective review of 17 patients receiving ISs and 46 patients receiving S2AI screws for correction of adult spinal deformity between 2010 and 2015 with minimum 1-year follow-up was conducted...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983470/the-espf-n-terminal-of-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-edl933w-imparts-stronger-toxicity-effects-on-ht-29-cells-than-the-c-terminal
#11
Xiangyu Wang, Yanli Du, Ying Hua, Muqing Fu, Cong Niu, Bao Zhang, Wei Zhao, Qiwei Zhang, Chengsong Wan
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 EspF is an important multifunctional protein that destroys the tight junctions of intestinal epithelial cells and promotes host cell apoptosis. However, its molecular mechanism remains elusive. We knocked out the espF sequence (747 bp, ΔespF), N-terminal sequence (219 bp, ΔespFN ), and C-terminal sequence (528 bp, ΔespFC ) separately using the pKD46-mediated λ Red homologous recombination system. Then, we built the corresponding complementation strains, namely, ΔespF/pespF, ΔespFN/pespFN , and ΔespFC/pespFC by overlap PCR, which were used in infecting HT-29 cells and BALB/C mice...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943966/ligands-of-the-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-inhibit-hepatoce-llular-carcinoma-cell-proliferation
#12
Zhe Jin, Baoxing Jia, Yu Fu, Ludong Tan, Qingmin Chen, Peiqiang Jiang, Yahui Liu
This study was designed to investigate the regulatory role of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cells under the hypothesis that the levels of the phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) mRNA and the phosphorylated Akt (pAkt) protein would be affected by the presence of different receptor ligand concentrations. SMMC-7721 hepatocellular carcinoma cells were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of either 15-deoxyprostaglandin J2 (15-d-PGJ2) or pioglitazone and experiments were conducted in order to determine cell growth changes and measure levels of PTEN mRNA and pAkt protein...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930181/ambient-air-pollution-and-risk-for-ischemic-stroke-a-short-term-exposure-assessment-in-south-china
#13
Pi Guo, Yulin Wang, Wenru Feng, Jiagang Wu, Chuanxi Fu, Hai Deng, Jun Huang, Li Wang, Murui Zheng, Huazhang Liu
Data on the association between air pollution and risk of ischemic stroke in China are still limited. This study aimed to investigate the association between short-term exposure to ambient air pollution and risk of ischemic strokes in Guangzhou, the most densely-populated city in south China, using a large-scale multicenter database of stroke hospital admissions. Daily counts of ischemic stroke admissions over the study years 2013-2015 were obtained from the Guangzhou Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Event Surveillance System...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901461/mir106b-regulates-retinoblastoma-y79-cells-through-runx3
#14
Ge Yang, Yang Fu, Luxi Zhang, Xiaoyan Lu, Qiuming Li
MicroRNAs are increasingly recognized as important regulators of cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR-106b in the regulation of Y79 retinoblastoma. Y79 cells were transfected with antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) against miR-106b (ASO-miR-106b) or ASO-control. After transfection, the levels of miR-106b were monitored with real-time PCR (RT-PCR). The effects of ASO-miR-106b transfection on cell viability was evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) analysis at 24, 48 and 72 h after transfection...
November 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868976/new-insight-into-the-fouling-behavior-of-hydrophobic-and-hydrophilic-polypropylene-membranes-in-integrated-membrane-bioreactors
#15
Yan-Fen Guo, Pi-Chao Sun, Jun-Fu Wei
To investigate the effect of hydrophobic and hydrophilic polypropylene hollow fiber membranes (PPHFMs) applied in membrane bioreactors (MBR), the fouling behaviors of membrane surfaces and pores has been tested. The structural and morphological features on the membrane surface were characterized using attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR/ATR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), atomic force microscope (AFM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and laser granularity distribution analysis...
September 4, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858972/influence-of-ankle-active-dorsiflexion-movement-guided-by-inspiration-on-the-venous-return-from-the-lower-limbs-a-prospective-study
#16
Hongying Pi, Hong'an Ku, Ting Zhao, Jie Wang, Yicheng Fu
BACKGROUND: Active ankle movement is recommended intervention for preventing deep vein thrombosis effectively and easily by promoting venous return from the lower limbs. The active ankle dorsiflexion and plantar flexion movement guided by deep breathing is considered the most effective method, although outstanding problems remain, including low patient compliance and difficult motion essentials. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to compare the influence of different ankle active movements on venous return from the lower limbs and to suggest the optimal movement for preventing deep venous thrombosis in the lower limbs...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855613/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-association-of-common-variants-of-abcg2-with-gout
#17
Kuang-Hui Yu, Pi-Yueh Chang, Shih-Cheng Chang, Yah-Huei Wu-Chou, Li-An Wu, Ding-Pin Chen, Fu-Sung Lo, Jang-Jih Lu
The objective of the present study was to determine whether there was an association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ABCG2 and gout. We recruited 333 participants including 210 patients with gout and 123 controls and genotyped 45 SNPs in both cohorts. We found that 24 SNPs in ABCG2 are susceptibility loci associated with gout. Haplotype analysis revealed five blocks across the ABCG2 locus were associated with an increased risk of gout with odds ratios (ORs) from 2.59-3.17 (all P < 0...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822198/-comparison-between-ye-tianshi-and-xue-shengbai-in-treatment-of-distention-with-damp-heat
#18
Yu-Juan Li, Xiao-Yu Liu, Hou-Wang Jiang, Hong-Pei Li, Lian-Yu Xiao, Yan-Song Zhao
Ye Tianshi and Xue Shengbai were both epidemic febrile diseases specialists in same time of Qing dynasty. The Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System was used to compare and analyze the therapeutic characteristics of these two specialists in treating damp-heat type fullness or distension in stomach. Distension is commonly caused by qi stagnation accompanied with damp-heat from internal and external factors. In treatment, separation of damp and heat and removing dampness and heat from sanjiao separately were their common therapeutic principles...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807764/staphylococcal-enterotoxin-c2-mutant-drives-t-lymphocyte-activation-through-pi3k-mtor-and-nf-%C3%A4-b-signaling-pathways
#19
Xuanhe Fu, Mingkai Xu, Songyuan Yao, Huiwen Zhang, Chenggang Zhang, Jinghai Zhang
Staphylococcal enterotoxin C2 (SEC2), a superantigen, causes rapid clonal expansion of lymphocytes and secretion of T cell growth factors, leading to a severe inflammatory response within tissues. Although previous studies have shown that ST-4, a SEC2 mutant with enhanced recognition of Vβ regions of T-cell receptors (TCRVβ), can activate an increased number of T cells and produce more cytokines than SEC2. However, the signaling mechanisms of SEC2/ST-4-mediated immune activation have not been addressed. In this study, we showed that the phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase (PI-3K) inhibitor LY294002, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor rapamycin, and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) inhibitor Bay11-7085 could suppress SEC2/ST-4-induced proliferation, CD69/CD25 expression, cell-cycle progression, and IL-2 production in BALB/c mouse splenocytes...
October 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783582/cytotoxic-effects-of-fritillaria-imperialis-l-extracts-on-human-liver-cancer-cells-breast-cancer-cells-and-fibroblast-like-cells
#20
Ozra Zarei, Mohammad Mehdi Yaghoobi
In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxic effects of Fritillaria imperialis L. aqueous and ethanolic extracts on human liver cancer cells (LCL-PI 11), breast adenocarcinoma cells (MCF-7) and fibroblast-like cells (HSkMC). MTT, BrdU and TUNEL assays were used to detect cytotoxicity, proliferation rate and apoptotic death. Following 48h, the IC50 values for LCL-PI11 and MCF-7 cells were 4.2 and 3.9μg/mL of aqueous extract, and 1.7 and 1.3μg/mL of ethanolic extract, respectively, which was comparable to that of 5-FU...
October 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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