keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nitrofurantoin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915986/molecular-analysis-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-metallo-beta-lactamase-a-first-report-of-an-iranian-referral-pediatric-hospital
#1
Shima Mahmoudi, Babak Pourakbari, Mansoure Hosseini, Amir Esmaeil Alyari, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aerouginosa is an important opportunistic pathogen causes clinical infections among ill patients. Metallo- Beta- lactamases (MBLs) are important mechanisms of carbapenem (drug of choice) resistance among Pseudomonas aerouginosa isolates. The aim of this study was to determine B- lactamases genes (bla-genes) in P. aerouginosa isolates and to detect percentage of MBLs among P. aerouginosa isolates in different wards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical isolates of P...
December 2, 2016: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892440/urinary-tract-infection-in-asymptomatic-newborns-with-prolonged-unconjugated-hyperbilirubunemia-a-hospital-based-observational-study-from-western-region-of-nepal
#2
T Malla, B Sathian, K Karmacharya Malla, S Adhikari
Background Urine culture is usually not a part of work-up for neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia; hence its prevalence remains unknown. Objective This study was done to determine the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in asymptomatic newborns with prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia and to evaluate which other laboratory parameters are associated with UTIs. Method A prospective observational study where jaundiced newborns otherwise clinically well, were evaluated for UTI. The study was carried out in neonatal intensive care unit of Manipal Teaching Hospital, Pokhara from June 2012 -April 2013...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891788/association-between-antibiotic-use-among-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-first-trimester-and-birth-defects-national-birth-defects-prevention-study-1997-to-2011
#3
Elizabeth C Ailes, Suzanne M Gilboa, Simerpal K Gill, Cheryl S Broussard, Krista S Crider, Robert J Berry, Tonia C Carter, Charlotte A Hobbs, Julia D Interrante, Jennita Reefhuis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies noted associations between birth defects and some antibiotics (e.g., nitrofurantoin, sulfonamides) but not others (e.g., penicillins). It is unclear if previous findings were due to antibiotic use, infections, or chance. To control for potential confounding by indication, we examined associations between antibiotic use and birth defects, among women reporting urinary tract infections (UTIs). METHODS: The National Birth Defects Prevention Study is a multi-site, population-based case-control study...
November 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876539/antimicrobial-resistance-in-urinary-tract-infections-at-a-large-urban-emergency-department-factors-contributing-to-empiric-treatment-failure
#4
Rossana Rosa, Lilian M Abbo, Kenley Raney, Hansel E Tookes, Mark Supino
: Objective To calculate the emergency department (ED)-level Escherichia coli percentage of isolates susceptible to commonly used antibiotics and to determine the risk factors associated with inadequate empiric antibiotic therapy among patients treated for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in our ED. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted at a large tertiary teaching hospital. Participants included patients older than 18years of age who had a urine culture with growth of >100,000 colonies of E...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875349/the-revival-of-old-antibiotics-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-in-the-era-of-antibiotic-stewardship
#5
Jennifer Kranz, Sina Helbig, Falitsa Mandraka, Stefanie Schmidt, Kurt G Naber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the era of increasing antibiotic resistance worldwide, this review highlights the advantages of revival of old antibiotics for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (uUTIs). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have shown that these four oral old antibiotics, fosfomycin trometamol, nitrofurantoin, nitroxoline and pivmecillinam, show no increasing antibiotic resistance against uropathogens causing uUTI, are still effective for the treatment of uUTI and exhibit only minimal or no collateral damage as compared with fluoroquinolones or third-generation cephalosporines...
November 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872109/reply-to-nitrofurantoin-an-excellent-empiric-choice-for-outpatient-cystitis
#6
Ahmed Babiker, Guillermo V Sanchez, Siddartha Bhandary, Jose M Bordon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843267/bacteriology-of-urine-specimens-obtained-from-men-with-symptomatic-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#7
Jude Orumuah Agbugui, E O Obarisiagbon, I I Osaigbovo
BACKGROUND: Bacteriuria and urinary tract infections are common sequelae of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Thus, the knowledge of urine bacteriology in men with symptomatic BPH in our environment may play a complementary role in management. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of bacteriuria and the antibiotic sensitivity pattern of bacterial isolates in cultured urine samples of men with symptomatic BPH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a 1 year prospective study...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809653/incidence-and-genetic-bases-of-nitrofurantoin-resistance-in-clinical-isolates-of-two-successful-multidrug-resistant-clones-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-pandemic-dt-104-and-puo-stvr2
#8
Vanesa García, Ignacio Montero, Margarita Bances, Rosaura Rodicio, M Rosario Rodicio
In this study, the incidence and genetic bases of nitrofurantoin resistance were established for clinical isolates of two successful clones of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, the pandemic "DT 104" and the pUO-StVR2 clone. A total of 61 "DT 104" and 40 pUO-StVR2 isolates recovered from clinical samples during 2008-2014 and assigned to different phage types, were tested for nitrofurantoin susceptibility. As previously shown for older isolates, all newly tested pUO-StVR2 isolates were highly resistant to nitrofurantoin (minimal inhibitory concentration [MIC] of 128 μg/ml), while 42...
November 3, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778245/unrecognized-interstitial-lung-disease-as-a-result-of-chronic-nitrofurantoin-use
#9
Kerry Anne Rambaran, Charles F Seifert
Drug-induced interstitial lung disease is a rare condition attributed to several medications, including antimicrobial agents such as amphotericin B, anti-inflammatory agents such as methotrexate, biologic agents such as bevacizumab, and cardiovascular agents and chemotherapeutic agents. We describe the case of a 73-year-old female who developed interstitial lung disease following chronic use of nitrofurantoin for a urinary tract infection (UTI). The patient was taking nitrofurantoin 100 mg capsules twice daily for approximately 3 years...
December 2016: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777243/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-long-term-care-facility-and-general-practice-urine-samples-in-patients-65-years-and-older-an-observational-study
#10
Aoife Fleming, Louise Barry, Stephen Byrne, Michael Prentice
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) poses a risk to elderly residents. The aim of this observational study was to investigate recent patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility in urine samples submitted to the Microbiology Laboratory at Cork University Hospital (CUH) from LTCFs in the greater Cork region. The antimicrobial susceptibilities of LTCF and General Practitioner (GP) urine samples sent to CUH, for patients aged over 65 years of age, were compared...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741093/antimicrobial-resistance-among-uropathogens-that-cause-childhood-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-in-central-israel
#11
Renata Yakubov, Machiel van den Akker, Kaba Machamad, Amit Hochberg, Erez Nadir, Adi Klein
BACKGROUND: Empiric antibiotic treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children relies on surveillance data about epidemiology and resistance patterns of common uropathogens. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of bacteria isolated from urine cultures of children with febrile UTI, seen at the pediatric department of a large regional hospital (Hillel-Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel) between January 2007 and December 2014. RESULTS: In this study period, 829 positive urine cultures were analyzed...
October 12, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734638/pattern-of-urinary-antibiograms-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-eastern-india
#12
Nandini Chatterjee, Chandan Chatterjee, Sinjan Ghosh, Mainak Mukhopadhyay, Ramkrishna Brahmachari, Kartik Patar
BACKGROUND: Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections have led to emergence of 'superbugs' worldwide. Periodical review of antibiograms is of utmost importance for optimum patient benefit. OBJECTIVE: To identify the spectrum of organisms responsible for urinary tract infection and evaluate the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity of the organisms. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from all consecutive patients getting admitted in the medicine indoor irrespective of symptomatology...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727410/resistance-and-utilisation-pattern-of-antibacterial-agents-in-outpatient-settings-in-two-teaching-hospitals-in-colombo
#13
G P Senadheera, S Sri Ranganathan, G Patabendige, G H Fernando, D Gamage, R M Maneke, B M Fernandopulle
OBJECTIVES: Antibacterial resistance (ABR) is a public threat. Sri Lanka is a country with limited surveillance of ABR in the community. The WHO methodology was adapted to identify ABR in outpatient settings (nonhospitalised patients) and its link to consumption of antibiotics. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional descriptive community based study to collect ABR data from Out Patient Department (OPD) of two leading Teaching Hospitals in Colombo district. The indicator organism Escherichia coli (E...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720877/near-infrared-chemical-imaging-nir-ci-of-3d-printed-pharmaceuticals
#14
Milad Khorasani, Magnus Edinger, Dhara Raijada, Johan Bøtker, Johanna Aho, Jukka Rantanen
Hot-melt extrusion and 3D printing are enabling manufacturing approaches for patient-centred medicinal products. Hot-melt extrusion is a flexible and continuously operating technique which is a crucial part of a typical processing cycle of printed medicines. In this work we use hot-melt extrusion for manufacturing of medicinal films containing indomethacin (IND) and polycaprolactone (PCL), extruded strands with nitrofurantoin monohydrate (NFMH) and poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO), and feedstocks for 3D printed dosage forms with nitrofurantoin anhydrate (NFAH), hydroxyapatite (HA) and poly (lactic acid) (PLA)...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711250/five-year-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-urinary-escherichia-coli-at-an-australian-tertiary-hospital-time-series-analyses-of-prevalence-data
#15
Oyebola Fasugba, Brett G Mitchell, George Mnatzaganian, Anindita Das, Peter Collignon, Anne Gardner
This study describes the antimicrobial resistance temporal trends and seasonal variation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) urinary tract infections (UTIs) over five years, from 2009 to 2013, and compares prevalence of resistance in hospital- and community-acquired E. coli UTI. A cross sectional study of E. coli UTIs from patients attending a tertiary referral hospital in Canberra, Australia was undertaken. Time series analysis was performed to illustrate resistance trends. Only the first positive E. coli UTI per patient per year was included in the analysis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690177/antibiotic-resistance-and-repetitive-element-pcr-fingerprinting-in-aeromonas-veronii-isolates
#16
T-H Chung, S-W Yi, G-W Shin
This study evaluated antibiotic resistance and the related genes in total 47 Aeromonas veronii isolates from pet fish, eel (Anguilla japonica) and koi (Cyprinus carpio) in Korea. In comparison with the antibiotic susceptibilities of isolates from eel and koi, those of pet fish were more resistant to ceftiofur, aminoglycosides, tetracycline and nitrofurantoin. And isolates from pet fish showed high prevalences of class 1 integron, quinolones and tetracycline resistance determinants than those from eel and koi...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686554/the-value-of-time-to-onset-in-statistical-signal-detection-of-adverse-drug-reactions-a-comparison-with-disproportionality-analysis-in-spontaneous-reports-from-the-netherlands
#17
Joep H G Scholl, Eugène P van Puijenbroek
PURPOSE: In pharmacovigilance, the commonly used disproportionality analysis (DPA) in statistical signal detection is known to have its limitations. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of the time to onset (TTO) of ADRs in addition to DPA. METHODS: We performed a pilot study using individual case safety reports (ICSRs) for three drugs (Cervarix®, nitrofurantoin and simvastatin) from the Lareb spontaneous reporting database. TTO distributions for drug - ADR associations were compared to other ADRs for the same drug and to other drugs for the same ADR using two-sample Anderson-Darling testing...
December 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664820/usefulness-of-quality-indicators-for-antibiotic-use-case-study-for-the-netherlands
#18
Alike W van der Velden, Monique Roukens, Ewoudt van de Garde, Marco Lourens, Stephanie Natsch
QUALITY PROBLEM: Inappropriate antibiotic use drives development of antimicrobial resistance. Worldwide, guideline adherence for antibiotic treatment of infectious disease is far from optimal. Insight in prescribing quality is pivotal for healthcare professionals and policy makers to intervene appropriately. INITIAL ASSESSMENTS: European countries uniformly monitor antibiotic use, which is reported yearly by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control...
September 24, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649253/reconsultation-and-antimicrobial-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-male-and-female-patients-in-general-practice
#19
Meera Tandan, Sinead Duane, Martin Cormican, Andrew W Murphy, Akke Vellinga
Current antimicrobial prescribing guidelines indicate that male and female patients with urinary tract infections (UTIs) should be treated with same antimicrobials but for different durations. The aim of this study was to explore the differences in reconsultations and antimicrobial prescribing for UTI for both males and females. A total of 2557 adult suspected UTI patients participating in the Supporting the Improvement and Management of Prescribing for urinary tract infection (SIMPle) study from 30 general practices were analyzed...
September 15, 2016: Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649224/antibiotic-resistance-of-bacteria-involved-in-urinary-infections-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-study
#20
Wellington Francisco Rodrigues, Camila Botelho Miguel, Ana Paula Oliveira Nogueira, Carlos Ueira-Vieira, Tony De Paiva Paulino, Siomar De Castro Soares, Elisabete Aparecida Mantovani Rodrigues De Resende, Javier Emilio Lazo-Chica, Marcelo Costa Araújo, Carlo José Oliveira
Empirical and prolonged antimicrobial treatment of urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli is associated with the emergence of bacterial resistance, and not all countries have strict policies against the indiscriminate use of drugs in order to prevent resistance. This cross-sectional and retrospective study (2010-2015) aimed to evaluate the sensitivity and resistance of patient-derived E. coli to different drugs broadly used to treat urinary infections in Brazil: ampicillin + sulbactam, cephalothin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, and nitrofurantoin...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
101360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"