keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nitrofurantoin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738638/mixed-matrix-membranes-incorporated-with-ln-mof-for-selective-and-sensitive-detection-of-nitrofuran-antibiotics-based-on-inner-filter-effect
#1
Feng Zhang, Hua Yao, Yifan Zhao, Xing Li, Gaowei Zhang, Yangyi Yang
The detection of antibiotics is critical and challenging due to the pervasive use of antibiotics had inevitably brought some negative impacts on ecosystem and human health. Herein, we reported an anti-interfere ability enhanced luminescent sensor of lanthanide metal-organic framework (Ln-MOF) filled mixed matrix membranes (MMMs), which combining the processibility of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) polymer with Ln-MOF of {[Tb2(AIP)2(H2O)10]·(AIP)·4H2O}n (Tb-AIP, where AIP is 5-aminoisophthalate) fillers...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731324/using-infrared-spectroscopy-and-multivariate-analysis-to-detect-antibiotics-resistant-escherichia-coli-bacteria
#2
Uraib Sharaha, Eladio Rodriguez-Diaz, Klaris Riesenberg, Irving J Bigio, Mahmoud Huleihel, Ahmad Salman
Bacterial pathogens are one of the primary causes of human morbidity worldwide. Historically, antibiotics have been highly effective against most bacterial pathogens; however, the increasing resistance of bacteria to a broad spectrum of commonly used antibiotics has become a global health-care problem. Early and rapid determination of bacterial susceptibility to antibiotics has become essential in many clinical settings, and, sometimes, can save lives. Currently classical procedures require at least 48 hours for determining bacterial susceptibility, which can constitute a life-threatening delay for effective treatment...
July 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722171/use-of-antibiotics-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-major-congenital-malformations-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Flory T Muanda, Odile Sheehy, Anick Bérard
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have investigated the link between individual antibiotics and major congenital malformations (MCMs) including specific malformations owing to small sample size. We aimed to quantify the association between exposure to gestational antibiotic and the risk of MCMs. METHODS: Using the Quebec pregnancy cohort (1998 -2008), we included a total of 139,938 liveborn singleton alive whose mothers were covered by the «Régie de l'assurance maladie du Québec" drug plan for at least 12 months before and during pregnancy...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715032/the-langmuir-hinshelwood-approach-for-kinetic-evaluation-of-cucurbit-7-uril-capped-gold-nanoparticles-in-the-reduction-of-the-antimicrobial-nitrofurantoin
#4
E Blanco, P Atienzar, P Hernández, C Quintana
In this work, gold nanoparticles protected by the macrocycle cucurbit[7]uril were used as a catalyst in the reduction of the hazardous antimicrobial nitrofurantoin. 4-Nitrophenol was also employed as the substrate of the reduction for comparative purposes. The kinetic data were modeled to the Langmuir-Hinshelwood equation to know the affinities of the reactants for the surface and the real kinetic constants, a comparison at the molecular level that is made for the first time. From the results, it was observed that the adsorption of nitrofurantoin was stronger than that of 4-nitrophenol whilst the kinetic constant on the surface was higher for 4-nitrophenol than for nitrofurantoin...
July 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706384/antimicrobial-susceptibility-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-bla-cefotaximase-temoneira-and-sulfhydryl-variable-genes-among-escherichia-coli-in-community-acquired-pediatric-urinary-tract-infection
#5
Kallyadan V Nisha, Shetty A Veena, Shenoy D Rathika, Shenoy M Vijaya, Shetty K Avinash
INTRODUCTION: The emergence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli has become an important challenge among pediatric patients with community-acquired urinary tract infection (UTI). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, associated risk factors and to survey the frequency of bla cefotaximase (CTX-M), bla temoneira (TEM), and bla sulfhydryl variable (SHV) genotypes in ESBL-producing E...
July 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687975/prevalence-and-drug-resistance-characteristics-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-in-hangzhou-china
#6
Yan Yang, Jian Chen, Di Lin, Xujian Xu, Jun Cheng, Changgui Sun
With the abuse of antimicrobial agents in developing countries, increasing number of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) attracted considerable public concern. A retrospective study was conducted based on 242 CRE strains from a tertiary hospital in Hangzhou, China to investigate prevalence and drug resistance characteristics of CRE in southeast China. Bacterial species were identified. Antimicrobial susceptibility was examined by broth microdilution method or epsilometer test. Resistant β-lactamase genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing...
July 8, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670302/prevalence-and-genetic-diversity-of-enterococcus-faecalis-isolates-from-mineral-water-and-spring-water-in-china
#7
Lei Wei, Qingping Wu, Jumei Zhang, Weipeng Guo, Moutong Chen, Liang Xue, Juan Wang, Lianying Ma
Enterococcus faecalis is an important opportunistic pathogen which is frequently detected in mineral water and spring water for human consumption and causes human urinary tract infections, endocarditis and neonatal sepsis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, virulence genes, antimicrobial resistance and genetic diversity of E. faecalis from mineral water and spring water in China. Of 314 water samples collected from January 2013 to January 2014, 48 samples (15.3%) were contaminated E. faecalis...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666299/incidence-of-bacteriuria-after-urodynamic-study-with-or-without-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence
#8
Elizabeth Yukie Hirakauva, Ana Maria Homem de Mello Bianchi-Ferraro, Eliana Viana Monteiro Zucchi, Marcio Massashi Kajikawa, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jarmy-Di Bella
Introduction The presence of bacteria in urine is called bacteriuria, which may be symptomatic or asymptomatic. The manipulation of the urinary tract during urodynamic study (UDS), which is an invasive procedure, can result in urinary tract infection (UTI). Studies on the use of prophylactic antibiotics for UDSs are contradictory. Some investigators concluded that they were valuable and others did not. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis before UDS. This is a placebo-control randomized double-blind study...
June 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655424/risk-factors-for-early-return-visits-to-the-emergency-department-in-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection
#9
Sarah Jorgensen, Mira Zurayk, Samantha Yeung, Jill Terry, Maureen Dunn, Paul Nieberg, Annie Wong-Beringer
BACKGROUND: Optimal management of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the emergency department (ED) is challenging due to high patient turnover, decreased continuity of care, and treatment decisions made in the absence of microbiologic data. We sought to identify risk factors for return visits in ED patients treated for UTI. METHODS: A random sample of 350 adult ED patients with UTI by ICD 9/10 codes was selected for review. Relevant data was extracted from medical charts and compared between patients with and without ED return visits within 30days (ERVs)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641870/antibiotic-activity-and-concentrations-in-clinical-samples-from-patients-with-chronic-bacterial-prostatitis
#10
V Heras-Cañas, B Gutiérrez-Soto, H Almonte-Fernández, A Lara-Oya, J M Navarro-Marí, A Garrido-Frenich, F Vázquez-Alonso, J Gutiérrez-Fernández
OBJECTIVES: Chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) is the most common urological disease in patients younger than 50 years, whose long-standing symptoms could be related to an inappropriate therapeutic regimen. The objective was to analyse the sensitivity of microorganisms isolated from patients with CBP and measure the weekly antibiotic concentrations in serum, semen and urine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the antibiotic sensitivity study, 60 clinical isolates were included between January 2013 and December 2014 from semen samples from patients with microbiologically confirmed CBP...
June 19, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631909/-characterization-of-microbial-flora-in-patients-suspected-of-having-urogenital-tuberculosis
#11
A G Cherednichenko, E V Kulchavenya
INTRODUCTION: In the structure of tuberculosis morbidity, urogenital tuberculosis (UGT) ranks second or third only to pulmonary tuberculosis. Every fourth patient has the stage of cavern formation at first presentation. Seventy five percent of nephrotuberculosis cases co-occur with nonspecific pyelonephritis, which excludes "sterile pyuria". We aimed to determine the microbial spectrum of urine and gonadal appendages in patients with suspected UGT and to investigate the susceptibility of the isolated microorganisms to the main antibacterial drugs...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615465/emergency-department-urinary-antibiograms-differ-by-specific-patient-groups
#12
S Jorgensen, M Zurayk, S Yeung, J Terry, M Dunn, P Nieberg, A Wong-Beringer
Background: Patients presenting to the ED represent a heterogeneous population comprised of all ages, from the community and skilled-nursing facilities (SNF), and at varying risk for resistant pathogens. The aim of this study was to compare patient group-specific urinary antibiograms in ED.Methods: Adults presented to ED with an ICD 9/10 UTI diagnosis during 7/15 - 6/16 were randomly selected (n=500) to extract relevant demographic, laboratory, and clinical data from the medical record. Urinary E. coli antibiograms were compared between: institutional vs...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604274/routine-prophylactic-antimicrobial-use-is-associated-with-increased-phenotypic-and-genotypic-resistance-in-commensal-escherichia-coli-isolates-recovered-from-healthy-fattening-pigs-on-farms-in-thailand
#13
Kittitat Lugsomya, Thanitta Chatsuwan, Waree Niyomtham, Padet Tummaruk, David J Hampson, Nuvee Prapasarakul
This study examined antimicrobial resistance (AMR) profiles in commensal Escherichia coli derived from healthy fattening pigs in Thai farms that used prophylactic antimicrobials (in-feed tiamulin fumarate and amoxicillin) [PAs], therapeutic antimicrobials (injectable enrofloxacin or gentamicin) [TAs], or no antimicrobials [NAs]. Commensal E. coli were used as a proxy for overall AMR on the farms. There was a high level of multidrug resistance in all three categories of farm, with isolates showing resistance to β-lactams (amoxicillin, ampicillin, and piperacillin) and tetracyclines (tetracycline), and commonly possessing tetA, blaTEM, and plasmid replicons FIB and F...
June 12, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600080/novel-pyridyl-nitrofuranyl-isoxazolines-show-antibacterial-activity-against-multiple-drug-resistant-staphylococcus-species
#14
Pietro Picconi, Priya Prabaharan, Jennifer L Auer, Stephanie Sandiford, Francesco Cascio, Madiha Chowdhury, Charlotte Hind, Matthew E Wand, J Mark Sutton, Khondaker M Rahman
A novel series of pyridyl nitrofuranyl isoxazolines were synthesized and evaluated for their antibacterial activity against multiple drug resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus strains. Compounds with piperazine linker between the pyridyl group and isoxazoline ring showed better activity when compared to compounds without the piperazine linker. 3-Pyridyl nitrofuranyl isoxazoline with a piperazine linker was found to be more active than corresponding 2-and 4-pyridyl analogues with MICs in the range of 4-32µg/mL against MDR Staphylococcus strains...
May 19, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571186/clinical-and-laboratory-profile-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-type-2-diabetics-aged-over-60-years
#15
Sadhna Sharma, Biju Govind, Sujeet Kumar Naidu, Srinivas Kinjarapu, Mohammed Rasool
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections are frequently encountered among diabetic patients and the incidence rate increases with age. There have been growing research to identify the clinical profile of urinary tract infections in diabetic patients. However, such studies on elderly patients are rare. AIM: To determine the risk factors, clinical/laboratory profiles, causative organisms and antimicrobial susceptibilities in type 2 diabetics aged over 60 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective single centre study was conducted at NRI Medical College and General Hospital, Guntur, India, between November 2012 and November 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557789/stability-of-alprazolam-atropine-sulfate-glutamine-levofloxacin-metoprolol-tartrate-nitrofurantoin-ondansetron-hydrochloride-oxandrolone-pregabaline-and-riboflavin-in-syrspend-sf-ph4-oral-suspensions
#16
Anderson O Ferreira, Hudson C Polonini, Sharlene Loures da Silva, Victor Augusto Cerqueira de Melo, Laura de Andrade, Marcos Antônio Fernandes Brandão
The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability of 10 commonly used active pharmaceutical ingredients compounded in oral suspensions using an internationally used suspending vehicle (SyrSpend SF PH4): alprazolam 1.0 mg/mL, atropine sulfate 0.1 mg/mL, glutamine 250.0 mg/mL, levofloxacin 50.0 mg/mL, metoprolol tartrate 10.0 mg/mL, nitrofurantoin 2.0 mg/mL, ondansetron hydrochloride 0.8 mg/mL, oxandrolone 3.0 mg/mL, pregabaline 20.0 mg/mL, riboflavin 10.0 mg/mL. All suspensions were stored at both controlled refrigeration (2°C to 8°C) and controlled room temperature (20°C to 25°C)...
May 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546984/the-comparison-of-printed-resources-bacterial-contamination-in-libraries-of-al-zahra-hospital-and-sciences-faculty-of-isfahan-university-and-the-determination-of-their-antibiotic-sensitivity-pattern
#17
Hosein Rafiei, Mostafa Chadeganipour, Rezvan Ojaghi, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Rasool Nouri
INTRODUCTION: During the library loan process, the printed resources can be a carrier of pathogenic bacteria. In this study, it was tried to compare the Bacterial Contamination Rates and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern in printed resources of a hospital and a non-hospital library. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Returning books from the Al-Zahra hospital library and library of Sciences faculty of Isfahan University provides the research community...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536210/systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-sirs-and-a-left-bundle-branch-block-lbbb-due-to-nitrofurantoin
#18
Susheer Dilbagh Gandotra, Mariola A Smotrys, Darshan B Patel, Akash Chadha
We present a case of a 74-year-old woman, who was on nitrofurantoin treatment for urinary tract infection (UTI), with fever and chills 7 hours after taking nitrofurantoin. She was hospitalised and evaluated for worsening UTI and sepsis. Initially, it appeared to be secondary to post-UTI sepsis because of possible resistant infection or conditions like pulmonary embolism or acute hepatitis. The patient also developed systemic inflammatory response syndrome, left bundle branch block (LBBB), thrombocytopaenia and transaminitis...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513644/light-induced-cytotoxicity-of-nitrofurantoin-toward-murine-melanoma
#19
Lucimara P Ferreira, Gustavo G Parra, Débora C K Codognato, André M Amado, Roberto S da Silva
The cytotoxicity of nitrofurantoin (NFT) in the dark and after light exposure (UVA irradiation, λ = 385 nm) was evaluated in murine melanoma B16F10 cells. NFT induces both cell proliferation and inhibition of cell viability. The dominance of one or the other effect depends on the drug concentration, incubation time (tinc) and irradiation dose. The uptake of NFT in these cells, as well as its photocytotoxicity, reaches saturation after 24 hours of incubation. The mechanism of cell death in the dark is associated with the enzymatic release of nitric oxide (NO)...
July 1, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503324/a-5-day-antibiotic-course-for-treatment-of-intermittent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#20
Jean-Gabriel Previnaire, Morgane Le Berre, Elisabeth Hode, Vincent Dacquet, Hemanou Bordji, Pierre Denys, Jean-Marc Soler
INTRODUCTION: This was a retrospective monocentric study conducted at Centre Calvé, France, with the objective of evaluating the effectiveness of a 5-day course of antibiotics for symptomatic (mild urinary tract infection, UTI) or asymptomatic (aBact) bacteriuria in patients with spinal cord injury on intermittent catheterization. CASE PRESENTATION: This study was conducted from May 2013 to September 2016. Antibiotic selection always followed culture collection and analysis of antibiograms...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
keyword
keyword
101360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"