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anexial mass

Adrian Surd, Aurel Mironescu, Horatiu Gocan
BACKGROUND: Supernumerary breast or polymastia is a well documented anomaly of the breast, and commonly presents along the embryonic milk line extending between the axilla and groin. However, cases of polymastia have been recorded in the face, vulva, and perineum. The clinical significance of these anomalies include their susceptibility to inflammatory and malignant changes, and their association with other congenital anomalies of the urinary and cardiovascular systems. CASE: In this article we report a case of fibroadenoma that developed in the supernumerary breast of the right axilla in a 17-year-old girl...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Pedro Oliveira Raimundo, Susana Coelho, Alexandra Cabeleira, Luis Dias, Manuela Gonçalves, Julio Almeida
The ovarian cystic teratoma is a rare cause of autoimmune haemolytic anaemia by warm antibodies, resistant to corticotherapy, with few case reports published in the medical literature. We present a case of a 45-year-old woman admitted to hospital due to general weakness. Laboratory studies revealed macrocytic anaemia, biochemical parameters of haemolysis and peripheral spherocytosis. The direct Coombs test was positive. Viral serologies, anti-nuclear antibodies, anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies and β2-microglobulin were negative...
2010: BMJ Case Reports
Julio Elito Junior, Nuno Aires Mota de Mendonça Montenegro, Roberto da Costa Soares, Luiz Camano
It is advisable to do the non-invasive diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy precociously, before there is the tube rupture, combining for that the transvaginal ultrasonography with the dosage of the b-fraction of the chorionic gonadotrophin. A range of treatment options may be used. Either a surgical intervention or a clinical treatment may be taken into consideration. Laparotomy is indicated in cases of hemodynamic instability. Laparoscopy is the preferential route for the treatment of tube pregnancy. Salpingectomy should be performed in patients having the desired number of children, while salpingostomy should be indicated in patients willing to have more children, when the b-hCG titers are under 5,000 mUI/mL and the surgical conditions are favorable...
March 2008: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
S C Burlando, L A Paz, L G De Feo, G Benchetrit, D Rimoldi, S C Predari
The disease caused by Actinomyces spp. is often of difficult diagnosis. Actinomyces spp. are anaerobic or microaerophilic non-spore-forming gram-positive rods that may reach, occasionally, the normal female genital tract. IUD and pessaries facilitate the access of the microorganisms to the pelvis. We report an unusual case of ovarian infection by Actinomyces sp. in a 41 year-old female without IUD, admitted at the Institute in November 1998, with persistent fever. She had had an early menopause 3 years before, and had received hormonal replacement therapy...
2001: Medicina
S I de la Cruz, V Llanos Arriaga, H Narro Tristán, A Andrade Manzano, R L Fernández Martínez
We report two cases of bilateral massive ovarian edema occurred in a concentration hospital in the last five years. This condition was first described by Kalstone et al. in 1969. It may be uni or bilateral, the last one is very uncommon, until the moment of this work there have been reported only ten cases in the world literature. The main symptoms are: abdominal pain or distention, menstrual irregularity and infertility. Two features are characteristic of this pathology: 1) Fast growing in size and volume of the ovary, and 2) Abscense of neoplastic changes with extensive edema of the stroma particularly in the medulla...
February 2001: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
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