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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097177/spirituality-a-panacea-for-patients-coping-with-heart-failure
#1
Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki, Esmat Nouhi, Majid Kazemi, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Many patients with heart failure grapple with related problems that threaten their feeling of well-being and quality of life. Patients look for ways to cope with the new situation. The present study aimed to explore religious coping from the perspective of patients with heart failure. METHODS: This qualitative study used the content analysis of the semi-structured interviews. The data were collected from 18 participants referring to training hospitals in Kerman University of Medical Sciences in southeastern Iran...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092709/the-centrality-of-philosophical-anthropology-to-a-future-environmental-ethics
#2
Arran Gare
While environmental ethics has successfully established itself in philosophy, as presently conceived it is still largely irrelevant to grappling the global ecological crisis because, as Alasdair MacIntyre has argued, ethical philosophy itself is in grave disorder. MacIntyre's historically oriented recovery of virtue ethics is defended, but it is argued that even MacIntyre was too constrained by received assumptions to overcome this disorder. As he himself realized, his ideas need to be integrated and defended through philosophical anthropology...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059616/challenges-health-implications-and-advocacy-opportunities-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-global-health-providers
#3
Jason M Nagata
In this commentary, I reflect on challenges with conducting global health research internationally as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) person, grapple with decisions related to coming out in regions with anti-LGBT laws, and outline the risks and benefits of different advocacy options related to the promotion of LGBT health globally. Despite significant advances in LGBT rights in many countries, homosexuality remains illegal in many others. Using a critical medical anthropology framework, I argue that anti-LGBT laws constitute structural violence and have many detrimental consequences including discrimination and violence; poorer mental and physical health outcomes; and risky sexual behaviors...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027702/making-a-global-sensation-vanilla-flavor-synthetic-chemistry-and-the-meanings-of-purity
#4
Nadia Berenstein
How did vanilla, once a rare luxury, become a global sensation? Rather than taking the vanilla flavor of vanilla beans as a pre-existing natural fact, this essay argues that the sensory experience that came to be recognized as vanilla was a hybrid artifact produced by an expanding global trade in a diverse set of pleasurable substances, including cured beans from artificially pollinated vanilla orchids, synthetic vanillin, sugar, and a far-flung miscellany of other botanical and chemical materials. Global trade and large-scale production resulted not in the production of a homogenous, stable commodity, but in a range of local vanillas, heterogeneous mixtures with a range of qualities and virtues...
December 2016: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009541/x-ray-radiation-damage-to-biological-macromolecules-further-insights
#5
Elspeth F Garman, Martin Weik
Despite significant progress made over more than 15 years of research, structural biologists are still grappling with the issue of radiation damage suffered by macromolecular crystals which is induced by the resultant radiation chemistry occurring during X-ray diffraction experiments. Further insights into these effects and the possible mitigation strategies for use in both diffraction and SAXS experiments are given in eight papers in this volume. In particular, damage during experimental phasing is addressed, scavengers for SAXS experiments are investigated, microcrystals are imaged, data collection strategies are optimized, specific damage to tyrosine residues is reexamined, and room temperature conformational heterogeneity as a function of dose is explored...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009272/searching-for-signatures-of-brain-maturity-what-are-we-searching-for
#6
Leah H Somerville
Evidence of continued neurobiological maturation through adolescence is increasingly invoked in discussions of youth-focused policies. This should motivate neuroscientists to grapple with core issues such as the definition of brain maturation, how to quantify it, and how to precisely translate this knowledge to broader audiences.
December 21, 2016: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004894/explanations-for-adaptations-just-so-stories-and-limitations-on-evidence-in-evolutionary-biology
#7
Richard J Smith
Explanations of the historical origin of specific individual traits are a key part of the research program in paleontology and evolutionary biology. Why did bipedalism evolve in the human lineage? Why did some dinosaurs and related species have head crests? Why did viviparity evolve in some reptiles? Why did the common ancestor of primates evolve stereoscopic vision, grasping hands and feet, nails instead of claws, and large brains? These are difficult questions. To varying degrees, an explanation must grapple with (1) judgments about changes in fitness that might follow from a change in morphology - without actually observing behavior or measuring reproductive success, (2) the relationship between genes and traits, (3) limitations on doing relevant experiments, (4) the interpretation of causes that are almost certainly contingent, multifactorial, interactive, hierarchical, nonlinear, emergent, and probabilistic rather than deterministic, (5) limited information about variation and ontogeny, (6) a dataset based on the random fortunes of the historical record, including only partial hard-tissue morphology and no soft-tissue morphology, (7) an equally partial and problematic (for example, time-averaged) record of the environment, (8) the compression of all data into a geological time scale that is likely to miss biologically important events or fluctuations, (9) dependence on a process that can only be inferred ("form and even behavior may leave fossil traces, but forces like natural selection do not", (1:130) ) and finally, (10) the assumption of the "adaptationist programme"(2) that the trait in question is in fact an adaptation rather than a consequence of genetic drift, correlated evolution, pleiotropy, exaptation, or other mechanisms...
November 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965331/understanding-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-a-continuum
#8
REVIEW
John D McLennan
OBJECTIVE: To review research findings that consider whether attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a discrete entity or whether it is more consistent with an extreme end-of-trait distribution in the population and to then grapple with the potential clinical implications. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Peer-reviewed publications in the past 5 years, drawing from diverse fields (taxonomy, epidemiology, genetics, neurobiology, and neuropsychology), were identified through searches in MEDLINE and PsycINFO...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938724/locke-on-measurement
#9
Peter R Anstey
Like many virtuosi in his day, the English philosopher John Locke maintained an active interest in metrology. Yet for Locke, this was no mere hobby: questions concerning measurement were also implicated in his ongoing philosophical project to develop an account of human understanding. This paper follows Locke's treatment of four problems of measurement from the early Drafts A and B of the Essay concerning Human Understanding to the publication of this famous book and its aftermath. It traces Locke's attempt to develop a natural or universal standard for the measure of length, his attempts to grapple with the measurement of duration, as well as the problems of determining comparative measures for secondary qualities, and the problem of discriminating small differences in the conventional measures of his day...
December 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928875/is-it-all-about-price-why-requests-for-government-subsidy-of-anticancer-drugs-were-rejected-in-australia
#10
Deme John Karikios, Lesley Chim, Andrew Martin, Adnan Nagrial, Kirsten Howard, Glenn Salkeld, Martin Richard Stockler
BACKGROUND: Australians access anticancer drugs predominantly through the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). We aimed to determine why the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee (PBAC) rejects submissions to list anticancer drugs on the PBS. METHODS: We reviewed publicly available information about submissions made to the PBAC for PBS listing of anticancer drugs from 2005 to 2014. Submission characteristics including clinical and economic evidence, PBAC recommendations, and the reasons offered for rejection were recorded...
December 8, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924107/newborn-healthcare-in-urban-india
#11
REVIEW
J Sharma, D Osrin, B Patil, S B Neogi, M Chauhan, R Khanna, R Kumar, V K Paul, S Zodpey
The rapid population growth in urban India has outpaced the municipal capacity to build essential infrastructures that make life in cities safe and healthy. Local and national governments alike are grappling with the challenges of urbanization with thousands migrating from villages to cities. Thus, urbanization in India has been accompanied by a concentration of poverty and urban public healthcare has emerged as one of the most pressing priorities facing our country. Newborn mortality rates in urban settings are lower than rural areas, early neonatal deaths account for greater proportion than late neonatal deaths...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923105/providing-palliative-care-in-rare-pediatric-diseases-a-case-series-of-three-children-with-congenital-disorder-of-glycosylation
#12
Amy Trowbridge, Miriam T Stewart, Eileen Rhee, Jennifer M Hwang
Pediatric palliative care providers often care for children with rare, poorly understood diseases. In addition to grappling with a life-limiting diagnosis, families face complexity in decision making stemming from the prognostic uncertainty surrounding their child's rare condition. We discuss several unique challenges, illustrated through case studies of three children who shared the rare diagnosis of congenital disorder of glycosylation.
January 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905177/expressions-of-cultural-safety-in-public-health-nursing-practice
#13
Anna Richardson, Judy Yarwood, Sandra Richardson
Cultural safety is an essential concept within New Zealand nursing that is formally linked to registration and competency-based practice certification. Despite its centrality to New Zealand nursing philosophies and the stated expectation of cultural safety as a practice element, there is limited evidence of its application in the literature. This research presents insight into public health nurse's (PHN) experiences, demonstrating the integration of cultural safety principles into practice. These findings emerged following secondary analysis of data from a collaborative, educative research project where PHNs explored the use of family assessment tools...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891432/perceived-hiv-related-stigma-among-patients-attending-art-center-of-a-tertiary-care-center-in-rural-west-bengal-india
#14
Saikat Datta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Pasang Lahmu Sherpa, Smarajit Banik
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advent of modern technologies, India is still grappling with the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Stigma is one of the key aspects which can interfere with HIV test-seeking behaviour, care-seeking behaviour upon diagnosis, quality of care given to HIV-positive patients and perception and treatment of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) by communities, families, and partners. AIM: To determine the perceived stigma associated with HIV/AIDS and its correlates among PLHAs attending the Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) centre of North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886844/hand-and-wrist-injuries-in-boxing-and-the-martial-arts
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin Todd Drury, Thomas P Lehman, Ghazi Rayan
Hand and wrist injuries in martial arts are typically a reflection of the combat nature of this discipline. In striking sports, the axial load mechanism of injury is common and causes fractures and dislocations; in grappling sports, sprain injuries and degenerative changes predominate. There is clear evidence to support that hand protection reduces the risk of hand injury. Traditional training in martial arts on proper technique and target selection in striking sports reduces the risk of hand injury, and is an important component of hand and wrist injury prevention...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882392/-the-special-requirements-of-old-age-in-terms-of-dying
#16
Andreas Kruse
It is expected that the rising average life expectancy will leave ever more people with chronic progressive diseases of the body and brain. This then means not only having to deal with increasingly longer periods of care, but also possibly distinct neurocognitive disorders in the years prior to death and dying. The aim of this study is to report epidemiological data on the causes of death, as well as on the places of death. In addition, the attitudes and behaviour towards death and dying, as well as the different places of death will be discussed...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861038/the-effects-of-witnessing-violence
#17
(no author information available yet)
Mental health nurses in the UK are 10 times more likely to be assaulted than general nurses, but evidence on the effects of staff witnessing violence is lacking. After researching the effects on ten mental health nurses who had witnessed an episode of physical violence in the previous 6 months, David Jeffrey and Pauline Fuller reported their research findings in Mental Health Practice. The authors found that participants grappled with fear, guilt and anger, leaving them to seek resolution on five themes relating to personal and professional guilt...
November 2, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834255/intoxicated-homeless-and-in-need-of-a-place-to-land
#18
Otis Warren
A patient with alcoholism cycles in and out of the emergency department as his providers grapple with an outdated system of care.
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797649/state-of-training-clinical-services-and-research-on-dual-disorders-across-france-india-israel-and-spain
#19
Yatan Pal Singh Balhara, Shaul Lev-Ran, José Martínez-Raga, Amine Benyamina, Shalini Singh, Lisa Blecha, Nestor Szerman
OBJECTIVE: This article overviews training, clinical services, and research on dual disorders across four countries: France, India, Israel, and Spain. METHODS: The current dual disorders systems in each of the four countries were reviewed, with a focus on strengths and limitations of each. RESULTS: In France, psychiatric care occurs within the public health care system and involves little training of medical graduates for managing dual disorders...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782924/recovery-oriented-mental-health-practice-in-a-community-care-unit-an-exploratory-study
#20
Brian McKenna, Jane Oakes, Niki Fourniotis, Nigel Toomey, Trentham Furness
A recovery-oriented model of care has become the major focus of mental health service delivery in the state of Victoria, Australia. However, there is a total absence of knowledge of recovery-oriented mental health practice in community care units (CCUs). Therefore, the aims of this exploratory study were to: (a) describe what aspects of the current model of care fit within the domains of recovery; and (b) describe the pragmatic processes that staff use to mold their care within the domains of recovery. Twenty-one key stakeholders provided informed voluntary consent to participate in one-to-one interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Forensic Nursing
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