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Trauma articles

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353329/correction-to-stigma-in-the-context-of-pregnancy-termination-after-diagnosis-of-fetal-anomaly-associations-with-grief-trauma-and-depression
#1
(no author information available yet)
The original version of this article unfortunately incorrectly captured table 4.
January 20, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352506/patterns-of-burns-and-scalds-in-mongolian-children-a-hospital-based-prospective-study
#2
Gunsmaa Gerelmaa, Badarch Tumen-Ulzii, Shinji Nakahara, Masao Ichikawa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the circumstances of burn injury occurrence among Mongolian children and the products involved. METHODS: Study participants were children aged 15 years and younger who were admitted to the Burn Unit of the National Trauma Orthopedic Research Center from August 2015 to July 2016. We collected data on participant demographics and the etiology and clinical features of their burn injuries, and we analyzed the data based on the NOMESCO Classification model...
January 20, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352036/multiple-memory-systems-multiple-time-points-how-science-can-inform-treatment-to-control-the-expression-of-unwanted-emotional-memories
#3
REVIEW
Renée M Visser, Alex Lau-Zhu, Richard N Henson, Emily A Holmes
Memories that have strong emotions associated with them are particularly resilient to forgetting. This is not necessarily problematic, however some aspects of memory can be. In particular, the involuntary expression of those memories, e.g. intrusive memories after trauma, are core to certain psychological disorders. Since the beginning of this century, research using animal models shows that it is possible to change the underlying memory, for example by interfering with its consolidation or reconsolidation...
March 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350644/talar-fractures-radiological-and-ct-evaluation-and-classification-systems
#4
Giuseppe Caracchini, Michele Pietragalla, Alioscia De Renzis, Michele Galluzzo, Mattia Carbone, Marcello Zappia, Anna Russo, Federico Greco, Vittorio Miele
INTRODUCTION: The talus is the second largest bone of the foot. It is fundamental to ensure normal ankle-foot movements as it connects the leg and the foot. Talar fractures are usually due to high energy traumas (road accidents, high level falls). They are not common as they account for 3-5% of ankle and foot fractures and 0.85% of all body fractures. However, talar fractures not correctly diagnosed and treated can lead to avascular necrosis of the astragalus, pseudoarthrosis, early osteoarthrisis and ankle instability, declining the quality of life of patients...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350641/traumatic-fractures-in-adults-missed-diagnosis-on-plain-radiographs-in-the-emergency-department
#5
Antonio Pinto, Daniela Berritto, Anna Russo, Federica Riccitiello, Martina Caruso, Maria Paola Belfiore, Vito Roberto Papapietro, Marina Carotti, Fabio Pinto, Andrea Giovagnoni, Luigia Romano, Roberto Grassi
Radiography remains the imaging standard for fracture detection after trauma. The radiographic diagnosis of most fractures and dislocations poses little difficulty to radiologists: however, occasionally these injuries are quite subtle or even impossible to detect on radiographs. Missed diagnoses of fracture potentially have important consequences for patients, clinicians, and radiologists. Radiologists play a pivot role in the diagnostic assessment of the trauma patients: emergency radiologists who are more practiced at seeking out and discerning traumatic fractures can provide an invaluable service to their clinical colleagues by ensuring that patients do not endure delayed diagnoses...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350640/scapular-fractures-a-common-diagnostic-pitfall
#6
Daniela Berritto, Antonio Pinto, Anna Russo, Fabrizio Urraro, Antonella Laporta, Maria Paola Belfiore, Roberto Grassi
Scapular fractures are one of the most difficult fractures to diagnose on radiographs. Detection can be challenging because of the obscuration by the overlying structures or incomplete imaging due to difficult patient collaboration. Familiarity with imaging characteristics of these abnormalities will allow radiologists to better diagnose and characterize scapular fractures. Three-dimensional computed tomographic scans are considered the gold standard for scapular diagnoses. Treatment strategies differ depending on the type of scapular fractures, but the site and degree of displacement will determine whether surgical intervention should be considered...
January 19, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345319/endothelial-cells-enhance-adipose-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-mediated-matrix-contraction-via-alk-receptors-and-reduced-follistatin-potential-role-of-endothelial-cells-in-skin-fibrosis
#7
Hanneke N Monsuur, Lenie J van den Broek, Pieter Koolwijk, Frank B Niessen, Susan Gibbs
Abnormal cutaneous wound healing can lead to formation of fibrotic hypertrophic scars. Although several clinical risk factors have been described, the cross-talk between different cell types resulting in hypertrophic scar formation is still poorly understood. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate whether endothelial cells (EC) may play a role in skin fibrosis, e.g. hypertrophic scar formation after full-thickness skin trauma. Using a collagen/elastin matrix, we developed an in vitro fibrosis model to study the interaction between EC and dermal fibroblasts or adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ASC)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344083/psychosocial-problems-in-traumatized-refugee-families-overview-of-risks-and-some-recommendations-for-support-services
#8
EDITORIAL
J M Fegert, C Diehl, B Leyendecker, K Hahlweg, V Prayon-Blum
This article is an abridged version of a report by an advisory council to the German government on the psychosocial problems facing refugee families from war zones who have settled in Germany. It omits the detailed information contained in the report about matters that are specific to the German health system and asylum laws, and includes just those insights and strategies that may be applicable to assisting refugees in other host countries as well. The focus is on understanding the developmental risks faced by refugee children when they or family members are suffering from trauma-related psychological disorders, and on identifying measures that can be taken to address these risks...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338834/advances-in-tissue-engineered-oral-mucosa
#9
Fan Hao Meng, Xiao Lin Shao, Yu Song, Tao Zhang
The large defect of oral and maxillofacial region doesn't only affect the function and aesthetics but also has an adverse impact on patients' psychology. The traditional way to restore the defects are limited by donor site and secondary trauma. In recent years,the oral mucosal tissue engineering has developed rapidly and provides a new solution for craniofacial reconstruction. Tissue-engineered oral mucosa is an ideal substitute of oral mucosa. It can be used in clinical settings and in vitro experiments. This articles review the recent advances in tissue-engineered oral mucosa and its applications...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335903/anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-versus-posterior-laminoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-oppressive-myelopathy-owing-to-cervical-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-meta-analysis
#10
Rongqing Qin, Xiaoqing Chen, Pin Zhou, Ming Li, Jie Hao, Feng Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to compare the clinical efficacy, postoperative complication and surgical trauma between anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion versus posterior laminoplasty for the treatment of oppressive myelopathy owing to cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: An comprehensive search of literature was implemented in three electronic databases (Embase, Pubmed, and the Cochrane library)...
January 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333889/risking-it-anyway-an-adolescent-case-study-of-trauma-sexual-and-gender-identities-and-relationality
#11
Elizabeth A McConnell
This article presents the case of a Chinese-American adolescent with a significant trauma history who was questioning her sexual and gender identities. The implications of the client's intersecting identities for case conceptualization and treatment are considered within the framework of affirmative practices for sexual and gender minority (SGM) clients. The impacts of stress and trauma on this client's experiences-and SGM clients more broadly-are also considered, particularly with respect to how this client understood and negotiated her experiences of relational trauma...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332769/articles-that-may-change-your-practice-hypertonic-fluid-resuscitation-in-trauma
#12
REVIEW
Russell D MacDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330711/boosting-tendon-repair-interplay-of-cells-growth-factors-and-scaffold-free-and-gel-based-carriers
#13
REVIEW
Zexing Yan, Heyong Yin, Michael Nerlich, Christian G Pfeifer, Denitsa Docheva
BACKGROUND: Tendons are dense connective tissues and critical components for the integrity and function of the musculoskeletal system. Tendons connect bone to muscle and transmit forces on which locomotion entirely depends. Due to trauma, overuse and age-related degeneration, many people suffer from acute or chronic tendon injuries. Owing to their hypovascularity and hypocellularity, tendinopathies remain a substantial challenge for both clinicians and researchers. Surgical treatment includes suture or transplantation of autograft, allograft or xenograft, and these serve as the most common technique for rescuing tendon injuries...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330198/systematic-review-of-drowning-in-india-assessment-of-burden-and-risk
#14
Caroline Lukaszyk, Rebecca Q Ivers, Jagnoor Jagnoor
AIM: To examine the burden and risk factors for fatal and non-fatal drowning in India. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified through a systematic search of 19 electronic databases and 19 national and global, institutional, organisational and government sources of injury data. Search terms used pertained to drowning, injury, trauma, morbidity and mortality in India. RESULTS: A total of 16 research articles and five data sources were included in the review...
January 12, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328516/ultrasonographic-demonstration-of-intraneural-neovascularization-after-penetrating-nerve-injury
#15
Zsuzsanna Arányi, Anita Csillik, Katalin Dévay, Maja Rosero
INTRODUCTION: Hypervascularization of nerves has been shown to be a pathological sign in some peripheral nerve disorders, but has not been investigated in nerve trauma. METHODS: An observational cohort study was performed of the intraneural blood flow of 30 patients (34 nerves) with penetrating nerve injuries, before or after nerve reconstruction. All patients underwent electrophysiological assessment, and B-mode and color Doppler ultrasonography. RESULTS: Intraneural hypervascularization proximal to the site of injury was found in all nerves, which was typically marked and had a longitudinal extension of several centimeters...
January 12, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328037/-implementation-of-the-right-for-health-care-for-children-internally-displaced-persons-certain-aspects
#16
S Buletsa, Y Lazur, M Mendzhul, О Pushkarenko
The aim of the article is to do a research on selected issues related to realizing the right for health сare for the children - internally dislocated persons. In order to achieve the given aim statistical data of the quantity of involuntarily dislocated persons including children and also the quantity of children registered with the health-care authority as well as the quantity of their requests for medical care have been analized. It has been determined that in case of involuntary dislocation children are more often exposed to trauma than adults which leads to different emotional disorders...
December 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327206/brain-photobiomodulation-therapy-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Farzad Salehpour, Javad Mahmoudi, Farzin Kamari, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Seyed Hossein Rasta, Michael R Hamblin
Brain photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy using red to near-infrared (NIR) light is an innovative treatment for a wide range of neurological and psychological conditions. Red/NIR light is able to stimulate complex IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (cytochrome c oxidase) and increase ATP synthesis. Moreover, light absorption by ion channels results in release of Ca2+ and leads to activation of transcription factors and gene expression. Brain PBM therapy enhances the metabolic capacity of neurons and stimulates anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and antioxidant responses, as well as neurogenesis and synaptogenesis...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327128/isolated-avulsion-fracture-of-the-first-metatarsal-base-at-the-peroneus-longus-tendon-attachment-a-case-report
#18
Maxwell W Weinberg, Nicola Krähenbühl, Nathan P Davidson, Christopher J Hanrahan, Alexej Barg
Avulsion fractures of the first metatarsal (MT1) base at the peroneus longus (PL) tendon attachment are rare and may be undiagnosed during an emergency visit. If the injury is not treated properly, chronic pain or persistent impairment for inversion and plantar-flexion of the first ray may occur. This case report presents a 30-year-old woman who presented 10 weeks post trauma to a foot and ankle surgeon due to a swollen right midfoot with diffuse tenderness over the medial Lisfranc joint. Further evaluation showed an isolated avulsion fracture of the first metatarsal, which was undiagnosed during the emergent visit following the accident...
January 11, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325346/-evidence-based-guideline-for-the-management-of-acute-subaxial-cervical-spine-injury
#19
(no author information available yet)
In order to provide the clinical guidelines of acute subaxial cervical spine injury for the Chinese orthopedic surgeons, the Spine Trauma Group of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons compiled this guidelines.The guidelines apply to adult patients with acute (less than 3 weeks) subaxial cervical spine and/(or) spinal cord or nerve root injuries. The Study Group wrote the guidelines by setting up questions, determining search words, screening literatures according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, analyzing the included literatures, confirming evidence levels and then providing recommendations...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323523/trauma-across-generations-and-paths-to-adaptation-and-resilience
#20
Amy Lehrner, Rachel Yehuda
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing literature on the intergenerational transmission of trauma, representing approaches across psychodynamic, family systems, epidemiological, sociological, and biological levels of analysis. Embitterment has been proposed as a response to severe, but normative, stressful events, different from the life-threatening trauma that precedes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: This article reviews the potential applicability of the construct of embitterment to trauma and intergenerational effects through (a) a historical review of the intergenerational transmission of trauma literature, (b) a discussion of embitterment versus PTSD, (c) a brief review of theories of mechanisms of transmission, and (d) a discussion of biological findings and their interpretation...
January 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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