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Short acting Beta blocker

Mohamed Ghalayini, Pierre-Yves Brun, Pascal Augustin, Elise Guivarch, Marie Pierre Dilly, Sophie Provenchere, Pierre Mordant, Yves Castier, Philippe Montravers, Dan Longrois
Competitive flows syndrome result in severe regional hypoxemia when the deoxygenated flow from the native left ventricle (LV) competes with oxygenated flow from extracorporeal life support (ECLS) pump with potentially severe consequences for the cerebral and coronary circulations. Fast correction of hypoxemia could be obtained by decreasing native LV flow by infusion of a short-acting beta-blocker (esmolol). Our purpose was to retrospectively review the efficacy of esmolol in this situation and hypothesize on the potential mechanisms of action and the associated risks...
September 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Hiroki Aoyama, Yuji Otsuka, Yuka Aoyama
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether intraoperative low-dose infusion of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting beta blocker, can prevent postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after lung resection. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled, preliminary study was performed in university academic hospital, single center. Fifty lung surgical patients were key-opened before enrollment of the originally planned 100 patients, who were randomized in a 1:1 ratio in each treatment arm...
August 23, 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Stefan Perings, Georg Stöckl, Malte Kelm
INTRODUCTION: In the prospective, open-label, non-interventional, multicenter RESPONSIfVE study, the effectiveness, response rates and tolerability of ivabradine with or without beta blocker (BB) were evaluated in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris (AP) in daily clinical practice. METHODS: In patients with AP, ivabradine was given twice daily in flexible doses for 4 months. Resting heart rate (HR), number of angina attacks, short-acting nitrate use, severity of symptoms [by Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) score] and tolerability with or without existing BB therapy were documented and analyzed using descriptive statistical methods...
September 2016: Advances in Therapy
Masayoshi Kiyokuni, Masaaki Konishi, Kentaro Sakamaki, Chika Kawashima, Masatoshi Narikawa, Hiroshi Doi, Kiwamu Iwata, Sakie Tomari, Naoki Nakayama, Naohiro Komura, Takayuki Mitsuhashi, Hideto Yano, Teruyasu Sugano, Tomoaki Ishigami, Tsutomu Endo, Toshiyuki Ishikawa, Takeharu Yamanaka, Kazuo Kimura
BACKGROUND: An early IV beta blocker during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to reduce infarct size in ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), although the underlying mechanism is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of early infusion of landiolol, the short-acting beta-1 adrenergic receptor blocker, on the reperfusion status in a STEMI. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, single-group trial of landiolol during the primary PCI for a STEMI...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Karl Werdan, Stefan Perings, Ralf Köster, Malte Kelm, Thomas Meinertz, Georg Stöckl, Ursula Müller-Werdan
OBJECTIVES: The efficacy of ivabradine has been demonstrated in different subpopulations of stable angina patients in randomized clinical trials. This study explored its effectiveness in subpopulations seen in clinical practice as they often differ from those of randomized trials. METHODS: Data were pooled from three German observational studies with similar inclusion criteria (stable angina and heart rate ≥60 bpm). All patients received 2.5, 5, or 7.5 mg b.i...
June 23, 2016: Cardiology
Jason M Tarkin, Juan Carlos Kaski
Nitrates have been used to treat symptoms of chronic stable angina for over 135 years. These drugs are known to activate nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic guanosine-3',-5'-monophasphate (cGMP) signaling pathways underlying vascular smooth muscle cell relaxation, albeit many questions relating to how nitrates work at the cellular level remain unanswered. Physiologically, the anti-angina effects of nitrates are mostly due to peripheral venous dilatation leading to reduction in preload and therefore left ventricular wall stress, and, to a lesser extent, epicardial coronary artery dilatation and lowering of systemic blood pressure...
August 2016: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Nicholas Heming, Laure Lamothe, Xavier Ambrosi, Djillali Annane
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of sepsis, the systemic inflammatory response of the host to an infectious insult, has steadily increased over past decades. This trend is expected to continue. Sepsis is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Treatment relies on antibiotics associated to source control and supportive care. Major progress has been made in the understanding and overall management of sepsis. However, there is no specific treatment for sepsis. AREAS COVERED: We searched PubMed and the ClinicalTrials...
2016: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Maximilian Pohland, Stephanie Hagl, Maren Pellowska, Mario Wurglics, Manfred Schubert-Zsilavecz, Gunter P Eckert
Developing new therapeutic strategies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a current challenge. Approved drugs merely act symptomatically and delay the progression of the disease for a relatively short period of time. Here, we investigated the effectiveness of MH84 in a cellular HEK293APPwt model of AD, characterized by elevated beta amyloid protein levels (Aβ1-42) and mitochondrial dysfunction. MH84 is a derivate of pirinixic acid belonging to a novel class of γ-secretase modulators, which combines γ-secretase modulation with activation of peroxisome proliferator-activator receptor gamma (PPARγ)...
February 2016: Neurochemical Research
Sho C Shibata, Akinori Uchiyama, Noriyuki Ohta, Yuji Fujino
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed the efficacy and safety of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting beta-blocker, with those of amiodarone in the restoration of sinus rhythm for postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN: A retrospective data analysis. SETTING: Data were collected from patients admitted to the ICU in a single university hospital between 2012 and 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Records of a total of 276 patients who developed POAF after ICU admission were collected from hospital records...
April 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Yong Wee, Kylie Burns, Nicholas Bett
Stable angina pectoris is characterised by typical exertional chest pain that is relieved by rest or nitrates. Risk stratification of patients is important to define prognosis, to guide medical management and to select patients suitable for revascularisation. Medical treatment aims to relieve angina and prevent cardiovascular events. Beta blockers and calcium channel antagonists are first-line options for treatment. Short-acting nitrates can be used for symptom relief. Low-dose aspirin and statins are prescribed to prevent cardiovascular events...
August 2015: Australian Prescriber
Masaki Kohno, Yusuke Nagamine, Takahisa Goto
We experienced a case of undiagnosed extra-adrenal pheochromocytoma in an adult patient with single ventricle circulation after the bidirectional Glenn operation. A 32-year-old woman was scheduled for open abdominal surgery for incidental retroperitoneal tumor. She had undergone the bidirectional Glenn operation for complex congenital heart disease consisting of double outlet right ventricle, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary artery stenosis. She had not undergone the Fontan operation because of insufficient development of pulmonary circulation...
September 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Ritima Dhir, Mirley Rupinder Singh, Tej Kishan Kaul, Anurag Tewari, Ripul Oberoi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Perioperative beta blockers are also being advocated for modulation of acute pain and reduction of intraoperative anesthetic requirements. This study evaluated the effect of perioperative use of esmolol, an ultra short acting beta blocker, on anesthesia and modulation of post operative pain in patients of laproscopic cholecystectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty adult ASA I & II grade patients of either sex, scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia, were enrolled in the study...
July 2015: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Mohammad Haghighi, Abbas Sedighinejad, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Maral Farahmand, Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leili, Masoumeh Shirvani, Sina Khajeh Jahromi
BACKGROUND: Lack of proper control of acute postoperative pain often leads to lingering or chronic pain. Several studies have emphasized the role of beta-blockers in reducing postoperative pain. Esmolol is a selective short-acting beta-blocker that produces few side effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of intravenous intraoperative esmolol on postoperative pain reduction following orthopedic leg fracture surgery. METHODS: In a clinical trial, 82 patients between 20-65 years of age with tibia fractures and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I & II who underwent surgery were divided into two groups...
July 2015: Korean Journal of Pain
Hanna Fröhlich, Jingting Zhao, Tobias Täger, Rita Cebola, Dieter Schellberg, Hugo A Katus, Morten Grundtvig, Torstein Hole, Dan Atar, Stefan Agewall, Lutz Frankenstein
BACKGROUND: β-Blockers exert a prognostic benefit in the treatment of chronic heart failure. Their pharmacological properties vary. The only substantial comparative trial to date-the Carvedilol or Metoprolol European Trial-has compared carvedilol with short-acting metoprolol tartrate at different dose equivalents. We therefore addressed the relative efficacy of equal doses of carvedilol and metoprolol succinate on survival in multicenter hospital outpatients with chronic heart failure...
September 2015: Circulation. Heart Failure
Yugo Yamashita, Moritake Iguchi, Rieko Nakatani, Takeshi Usui, Daisuke Takagi, Yasuhiro Hamatani, Takashi Unoki, Mitsuru Ishii, Hisashi Ogawa, Nobutoyo Masunaga, Mitsuru Abe, Masaharu Akao
Beta-adrenoreceptor blockers are essential in controlling the peripheral actions of thyroid hormones and a rapid heart rate in patients with thyroid storm, although they should be used with great caution when there is the potential for heart failure. A 67-year-old woman was diagnosed as having thyroid storm in addition to marked tachycardia with atrial fibrillation and heart failure associated with a reduced left ventricular function. The administration of an oral beta blocker, bisoprolol fumarate, induced hypotension and was not tolerable for the patient, whereas landiolol hydrochloride, a short-acting intravenous beta-adrenoreceptor blocker with high cardioselectivity and a short elimination half-life, was useful for controlling the patient's tachycardia and heart failure without causing hemodynamic deterioration...
2015: Internal Medicine
Thomas Grimmsmann, Jean-François Chenot, Aniela Angelow
PURPOSE: Pentaerythrityl tetranitrate (PETN) was the most commonly prescribed long-acting nitrate in Germany. We aimed to assess whether the discontinuation of PETN reimbursability in 2011 resulted in alternative prescriptions of anti-anginal medications or in a discontinuation of anti-anginal therapy. METHODS: This is an observational study using health claims data from one German federal state analysing all patients discontinuing a PETN treatment. Patients starting a new alternative anti-anginal treatment (long-acting nitrates, molsidome, ivabradine and ranolazine) were compared with patients without a new anti-anginal treatment with respect to use of short-acting nitrates, beta blockers (BBs) and calcium channel blockers (CCBs)...
August 2015: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Srivishnu Vardhan Yallapragada, Krishna Santh Vidadala, Nagendra Nath Vemuri, Mastan Saheb Shaik
CONTEXT: Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation produce sympathetic overdrive by catecholamine release resulting in hypertension and tachycardia. Various agents are being tried to combat the intubation response over years. AIMS: This study is aimed at comparing dexmedetomidine which is a highly selective alpha-2 agonist with an ultra-short acting beta blocker, esmolol to see which among the two is better in attenuating the hemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation...
September 2014: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Anuradha Ganigara, Chandrakala Ravishankar, Chandrika Ramavakoda, Madhavi Nishtala
Succinylcholine is one of the most commonly used drugs by anesthesiologists worldwide for rapid access to airway both in emergency and elective situations. Nonetheless, the very mention of succinylcholine generates the most energetic high decibel debate between its users and nonusers. Despite its potential to produce a short-acting, ultra-intense neuromuscular block rapidly in seconds, it is surrounded by a plethora of side effects and drug interactions. This case report is about one such drug interaction of this innocent yet malicious drug, which resulted in the death of a 14-year-old girl...
March 2015: Drug Metabolism and Personalized Therapy
Gioel G Secco, Rosario Parisi, Francesca Mirabella, Andrea Rognoni, Alessandro Lupi, Giuseppe De Luca, Paolo N Marino, Rossella Fattori, Alberto Cremonesi, Fausto Castriota
Since the first human catheterization performed by Forssman in 1929 angioplasty equipment and medical therapies have undergone considerable evolution and technical improvement allowing interventionalists to perform more complex procedures and solving most of the percutaneous limitations. While percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has dramatically changed the outcome in the Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) setting, its role in the treatment of chronic stable angina is still debated. Stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) is a major public health issue and its prevalence is still increasing in the industrialized world...
2015: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Yukiko Niwa, Masahiko Koike, Naoki Iwata, Daisuke Kobayashi, Chie Tanaka, Tsutomu Fujii, Goro Nakayama, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Michitaka Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of landiolol hydrochloride, a newly developed ultra-short-acting β1-selective blocker, for postoperative tachyarrhythmia after esophagectomy. METHODOLOGY: In total 231 patients underwent transthoracic esophagectomy at the Department of Gastroenterological Surgery (Surgery II), Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine from 2007 to 2012. Twenty-four patients who were treated with either landiolol hydrochloride (n = 11) or conventional agents (combination of calcium channel blocker and digitalis preparation; control group, n = 13) for postoperative tachyarrhythmia after transthoracic esophagectomy were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2014: Hepato-gastroenterology
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