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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077859/benefits-of-whole-body-vibration-training-on-arterial-function-and-muscle-strength-in-young-overweight-obese-women
#1
Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Salvador J Jaime, Michael J Ormsbee, Jeremiah C Campbell, Joy Post, Jacob Pacilio, Arturo Figueroa
The early arterial dysfunction linked with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle heightens the likelihood of suffering from future cardiovascular events. Whole-body vibration training (WBVT) may improve systemic arterial stiffness (brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV)) and muscle strength in pre- and post-menopausal women. However, the effectiveness of WBVT to impact the arterial segments included in baPWV is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of WBVT on aortic and leg arterial stiffness in young sedentary overweight/obese women...
January 12, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074804/outcome-of-four-pretreatment-regimes-on-hemodynamics-during-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial
#2
Devangi Ashutosh Parikh, Sanchita Nitin Garg, Naina Parag Dalvi, Priyanka Pradip Surana, Deepa Sannakki, Bharati Anil Tendolkar
CONTEXT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is associated with tachycardia and hypertension. AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare two doses of dexmedetomidine, esmolol, and lignocaine with respect to hemodynamics, seizure duration, emergence agitation (EA), and recovery profile. METHODOLOGY: Thirty patients undergoing ECT were assigned to each of the following pretreatment regimes over the course of five ECT sessions in a randomized crossover design: Group D1 (dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg), Group D0...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070734/significant-correlation-between-renal-123-i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-scintigraphy-and-muscle-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-patients-with-primary-hypertension
#3
Masayuki Takamura, Hisayoshi Murai, Yoshitaka Okabe, Yuji Okuyama, Takuto Hamaoka, Yusuke Mukai, Hideki Tokuhisa, Oto Inoue, Shin-Ichiro Takashima, Takeshi Kato, Shinro Matsuo, Soichiro Usui, Hiroshi Furusho, Shuichi Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) scintigraphy is used as a noninvasive imaging method for assessing cardiac sympathetic nerve activity. We tested the hypothesis that renal (123)I-MIBG imaging is correlated with muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in patients with primary hypertension. METHODS: Thirty-one consecutive patients with primary hypertension were included. Multiunit MSNA was recorded from the peroneal nerve to evaluate direct efferent sympathetic nerve activity...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066861/the-incidence-of-cardiomyopathy-in-brca1-and-brca2-mutation-carriers-after-anthracycline-based-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#4
Edward J Pearson, Anju Nair, Yahya Daoud, Joanne L Blum
PURPOSE: Breast cancer remains the fourth-leading cause of death in the United States. Nearly 10% of breast cancers are hereditary, with deleterious mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes being the leading cause. Anthracycline chemotherapy, used commonly for breast cancer, carries cardiotoxicity risk. Recent studies demonstrated anthracycline-induced cardiac failure in homozygous BRCA2-deficient mice and increased rates of heart failure in homozygous BRCA1-deficient mice following ischemic insult...
January 9, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060976/-cardiovascular-recovery-during-intermittent-exercise-in-highly-adherent-partic-pants-with-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Johnattan Cano-Montoya, Cristian Álvarez, Cristian Martínez, Andrés Salas, Farid Sade, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo
BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence supporting metabolic benefits of high intensity interval exercise (HIIT), there is little information about the cardiovascular response to this type of exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypertension (HTA). AIM: To analyze the changes in heart rate at rest, at the onset and at the end of each interval of training, after twelve weeks of a HIIT program in T2D and HTA patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-three participants with T2D and HTA (20 women) participated in a controlled HIIT program...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056235/-a-novel-open-chest-method-of-right-ventricular-hemodynamics-measurement-in-pulmonary-hypertensive-mice
#6
A H Yuan, Y Y He, S H Yang, S Q Li, J Ye, S Hu, J Y Qiu, Z C Jing, X J Wang
Objective: Right heart catheterization is the gold-standard for measurement of right ventricular hemodynamics. However, it is difficult to perform in mice. We thus aimed to establish a new open chest method to record and analyze the right ventricular hemodynamic parameters in intubated mice connected to a respirator under anesthesia. Methods: Eight-week old male C57BL/6 mice were divided into the control group, and the hypoxia group using completely random method. Mice in the hypoxia group were exposed in low pressure oxygen chamber, which simulated the environment of plateau (5 500 m altitude, 10% oxygen) for 3 weeks...
December 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054902/novel-goal-directed-hemodynamic-optimization-therapy-based-on-major-vasopressor-during-corrective-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-pilot-study
#7
Shuwen Li, Qing Ma, Yanwei Yang, Jiakai Lu, Zhiquan Zhang, Mu Jin, Weiping Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a common and fatal complication of congenital heart disease (CHD). PAH-CHD increases the risk for postoperative complications. Recent evidence suggests that perioperative goal-directed hemodynamic optimization therapy (GDHOT) significantly improves outcomes in surgery patients. Standard GDHOT is based on major solution volume, vasodilators and inotropic therapy, while novel GDHOT is based on major vasopressor and inotropic therapy...
22, 2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051886/static-magnetic-field-reduces-blood-pressure-short-term-variability-and-enhances-baro-receptor-reflex-sensitivity-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#8
Tatjana Tasić, Drago M Djordjević, Silvio R De Luka, Alexander M Trbovich, Nina Japundžić-Žigon
Purpose It has been shown that chronic exposure of young spontaneously hypertensive rats to static magnetic field (SMF) delays the development of overt hypertension. Therefore the aim of the present work was to investigate the effects of SMF on autonomic cardiovascular control in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats. Materials and methods Experiments were performed in freely moving spontaneously hypertensive rats equipped with femoral arterial catheter for blood pressure recording. Spontaneously hypertensive rats were exposed for 30 days to upward oriented SMF (n = 17) or downward oriented SMF (n = 17) of 16 mT intensity...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045559/acute-blood-pressure-response-in-hypertensive-elderly-women-immediately-after-water-aerobics-exercise-a-crossover-study
#9
Raphael Martins Cunha, José Vilaça-Alves, Marcelo Vasconcelos Noleto, Juliana Sá Silva, Andressa Moura Costa, Christoffer Novais Farias Silva, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Alexandre Machado Lehnen
Water aerobics exercise is widely recommended for elderly people. However, little is known about the acute effects on hemodynamic variables. Thus, we assessed the effects of a water aerobic session on blood pressure in hypertensive elderly women. Fifty hypertensive elderly women aged 67.8 ± 4.1 years, 1.5 ± 0.6 m high and BMI 28.6 ± 3.9 kg/m(2), participated in a crossover clinical trial. The experiment consisted of a 45-minute water aerobics session (70%-75% HRmax adjusted for the aquatic environment) (ES) and a control session (no exercise for 45 minutes) (CS)...
January 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043809/physical-training-associated-with-enalapril-but-not-to-losartan-results-in-better-cardiovascular-autonomic-effects
#10
Karina Delgado Maida, Ada Clarice Gastaldi, Tabata de Paula Facioli, João Eduardo de Araújo, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza
BACKGROUND: We investigated the cardiovascular autonomic effects of physical training associated with Enalapril or Losartan pharmacological treatments in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: SHRs, 18weeks of age (N=48) was assigned to either sedentary (N=24) and trained (N=24; aerobic training by swimming for 10wk). Each group was subdivided in 3 subgroups (N=8) vehicle (control); Enalapril (10mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)); and Losartan (5mg·kg(-1)·d(-1)). All animals received a 10-week treatment in drinking water...
December 24, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041700/a-comparison-study-of-the-echocardiographic-changes-in-hypertensive-patients-treated-with-telmisartan-vs-enalapril
#11
Najah R Hadi, Mohammad S Abdulzahra, Laith M Al-Huseini, Hayder A Al-Aubaidy
BACKGROUND: Hypertension-induced cardiac dysfunction is variable among different anti-hypertensive medications. This study compares the effects of telmisartan and enalapril on echocardiographic parameters in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised single blinded study. Eighty hypertensive patients were included in this study and they were randomly allocated into two study groups: Group 1 included 40 patients who took telmisartan 80mg once daily for six months...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032631/effect-of-diabetes-and-metabolic-syndrome-on-myocardial-mechano-energetic-efficiency-in-hypertensive-patients-the-campania-salute-network
#12
C Mancusi, M A Losi, R Izzo, G Canciello, M V Manzi, A Sforza, N De Luca, B Trimarco, G de Simone
Reduced myocardial mechano-energetic efficiency (MEE), estimated as stroke volume/heart rate ratio per g of left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM), and expressed in μl s(-1) g(-1) (MEEi), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) events, independently of LV hypertrophy and other confounders, including type II diabetes (DM). Decreased MEEi is more frequent in patients with diabetes. In the present analysis we evaluated the interrelation among MEEi, DM and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the setting of arterial hypertension...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032628/heart-rate-recovery-in-hypertensive-patients-relationship-with-blood-pressure-control
#13
Y Yu, T Liu, J Wu, P Zhu, M Zhang, W Zheng, Y Gu
Delayed heart rate recovery (HRR) post treadmill exercise testing reflects autonomic dysfunction and is related to worse cardiovascular outcome. The present study compared HRR in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients taking anti-hypertensive medications with controlled blood pressure (BP) and uncontrolled BP. A total of 279 consecutive patients with (n=140, HP) and without (n=139, N-HP) essential hypertension who were hospitalized in our department during May 2012 to March 2016 were included in this study...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028458/risk-of-lung-cancer-in-patients-with-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Chi-Kuei Hsu, Chih-Cheng Lai, Kun Wang, Likwang Chen
This large-scale, controlled cohort study estimated the risks of lung cancer in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Taiwan. We conducted this population-based study using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan during the period from 1997 to 2010. Patients with GERD were diagnosed using endoscopy, and controls were matched to patients with GERD at a ratio of 1:4. We identified 15,412 patients with GERD and 60,957 controls. Compared with the controls, the patients with GERD had higher rates of osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, bronchiectasis, depression, anxiety, hypertension, dyslipidemia, chronic liver disease, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and coronary artery disease (all P < ...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027884/health-of-us-parents-with-and-without-disabilities
#15
Henan Li, Susan L Parish, Monika Mitra, Joanne Nicholson
BACKGROUND: The health of parents with disabilities is not well understood. Existing research has used small, non-representative samples. The lack of research using national representative data has hindered advocacy and policy-making efforts. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we used nationally-representative data to examine the prevalence rates of chronic physical health conditions among parents with disabilities and compared them to parents without disabilities...
December 19, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025781/bronchial-artery-embolization-for-the-treatment-of-haemoptysis-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#16
Edoardo Rasciti, Nicola Sverzellati, Mario Silva, Andrea Casadei, Domenico Attinà, Massimiliano Palazzini, Nazzareno Galiè, Maurizio Zompatori
PURPOSE: To test the efficacy of bronchial artery embolization (BAE) to treat haemoptysis in pulmonary hypertension (PH). METHODS: 33 patients were treated by BAE for haemoptysis associated with PH (PH group = 21) or non-associated with PH (control group = 12). The details of procedure, outcome, and rate of relapse were compared between the two groups. Within the PH group, the comparison was operated between subjects with congenital heart disease-associated pulmonary artery hypertension (CHD-APAH subgroup = 12) and non-CHD (non-CHD-APAH subgroup = 9)...
December 26, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005704/the-antioxidant-effects-of-green-tea-reduces-blood-pressure-and-sympathoexcitation-in-an-experimental-model-of-hypertension
#17
Michelle L Garcia, Roberto B Pontes, Erika E Nishi, Flávia K Ibuki, Vanessa Oliveira, Alexandra C H Sawaya, Patrícia O Carvalho, Fernando N Nogueira, Maria do Carmo Franco, Ruy R Campos, Lila M Oyama, Cássia T Bergamaschi
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is a key mediator in the maintenance of sympathoexcitation and hypertension in human and experimental models. Green tea is widely known to be potent antioxidant. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of green tea in a model of hypertension. METHODS: Hypertension was induced by the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor [N-nitro-L-arginine-methyl-ester (L-NAME); 20 mg/kg per day, orally, for 2 weeks] in male Wistar rats...
February 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997978/blood-pressure-lowering-efficacy-of-reserpine-for-primary-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Sandy D Shamon, Marco I Perez
BACKGROUND: Many antihypertensive agents exist today for the treatment of primary hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg, or both). Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been carried out to investigate the evidence for these agents. There is, for example, strong RCT evidence that thiazides reduce mortality and morbidity. Some of those trials used reserpine as a second-line therapy. However, the dose-related blood pressure reduction with this agent is not known...
21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993838/arterial-destiffening-in-previously-untreated-mild-hypertensives-after-1-year-of-routine-clinical-management
#19
Enrique Rodilla, Sandrine Millasseau, Jose Antonio Costa, Jose Maria Pascual
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness, measured with pulse wave velocity (PWV), is now classified as a marker of target organ damage (TOD) alongside left ventricular hypertrophy and moderately increased albuminuria. Interventional studies on treated hypertensive patients have shown that PWV could be improved. Our aim was to assess changes in arterial stiffness after 1 year of routine clinical practice in never-treated hypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 356 never-treated patients with suspected hypertension...
December 18, 2016: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992613/the-association-of-resting-heart-rate-with-the-presence-of-diabetes-in-korean-adults-the-2010-2013-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiologic studies have shown that elevated resting heart rate (HR) is associated with higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Although the relationship between elevated HR and CVD is well established, the association between resting HR and diabetes has been relatively understudied, particularly in non-Western populations. OBJECTIVES: We confirmed the association between the presence of type 2 diabetes and resting HR in the Korean adult population using data from the 2010-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2016: PloS One
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