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Diabetes. Metabolism disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817230/recent-findings-on-fulminant-type-1-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Lan Liu, Ling Zeng, Dan Sang, Zeyuan Lu, Jie Shen
Fulminant type 1 diabetes (fT1D) is a new subtype of type 1 diabetes proposed by Imagawa in 2000. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by a markedly rapid and almost complete destruction of pancreatic β cells. Metabolic derangement is more severe in this subtype than in autoimmune type 1 diabetes. The incidence of fT1D is associated with HLA DRB1*04:05DQB1*04:01, both innate and acquired immune disorders might contribute to the development of fT1D. The presence of specific innate immune responses to enterovirus infection connected with enhanced adoptive immune pathways responsible for aggressive β cell toxicity in fT1D...
August 17, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814977/worse-inflammatory-profile-in-omnivores-than-in-vegetarians-associates-with-the-gut-microbiota-composition
#2
Ana Carolina Franco-de-Moraes, Bianca de Almeida-Pititto, Gabriel da Rocha Fernandes, Everton Padilha Gomes, Alexandre da Costa Pereira, Sandra Roberta G Ferreira
AIMS: To describe the abundance of major phyla and some genera in the gut microbiota of individuals according to dietary habits and examine their associations with inflammatory markers, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular risk profile. METHODS: A total of 268 non-diabetic individuals were stratified into groups of dietary types (strict vegetarians, lacto-ovo-vegetarians, and omnivores). The taxonomic composition and phylogenetic structure of the microbiota were obtained through the analysis of the 16S rRNA gene...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812049/importance-of-adiponectin-activity-in-the-pathogenesis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
Masaaki Waragai, Gilbert Ho, Yoshiki Takamatsu, Kazunari Sekiyama, Shuei Sugama, Takato Takenouchi, Eliezer Masliah, Makoto Hashimoto
A recent study suggested that insulin resistance may play a central role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this regard, it is of note that upregulation of plasma adiponectin (APN), a benign adipokine that sensitizes the insulin receptor signaling pathway and suppresses inflammation, has recently been associated with the severities of amyloid deposits and cognitive deficits in the elderly, suggesting that APN may enhance the risk of AD. These results are unanticipated because AD has been linked to type II diabetes and other metabolic disorders in which hypoadiponectinemia has been firmly established, and because APN ameliorated neuropathological features in a mouse model of neurodegeneration...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811612/coenzyme-q10-improves-lipid-metabolism-and-ameliorates-obesity-by-regulating-camkii-mediated-pde4-inhibition
#4
Zhe Xu, Jia Huo, Xin Ding, Mu Yang, Lin Li, Jian Dai, Kazunori Hosoe, Hiroshi Kubo, Masayuki Mori, Keiichi Higuchi, Jinko Sawashita
Our recent studies revealed that supplementation with the reduced form of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10H2) inhibits oxidative stress and slows the process of aging in senescence-accelerated mice. CoQ10H2 inhibits adipocyte differentiation and regulates lipid metabolism. In the present study, we show that dietary supplementation with CoQ10H2 significantly reduced white adipose tissue content and improved the function of brown adipose tissue by regulating expression of lipid metabolism-related factors in KKAy mice, a model of obesity and type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811499/the-role-of-dermcidin-isoform-2-in-the-occurrence-and-severity-of-diabetes
#5
Suman Bhattacharya, Md Mobidullah Khan, Chandradipa Ghosh, Sarbashri Bank, Smarajit Maiti
Diabetes is now epidemic worldwide. Several hundred-million peoples are presently suffering from this disease with other secondary-disorders. Stress, hypertension, sedentary life-style, carbohydrate/lipid metabolic-disorders due to genetic or environmental factors attributes to type-1 and/or type-2 diabetes. Present investigation demonstrates that stress-induced protein dermcidin isoform-2 (DCN-2) which appears in the serum of diabetic-patients play a key-role in this disease pathogenesis/severity. DCN-2 suppresses insulin production-release from liver/pancreas...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807156/metabolic-factors-and-adult-neurogenesis-impacts-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-brain-repair-in-neurological-diseases
#6
Chong Gao, Jiangang Shen
Adult neurogenesis plays the important roles in animal cognitive and emotional behaviors. Abnormal proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) usually associate with the neural dysfunctions induced by different brain disorders. Therefore, targeting neurogenic factors could be a promoting strategy for neural regeneration and brain repair. Importantly, epidemiological studies suggest metabolism disorders like diabetes and obesity significantly increase the risk of neurological and psychiatric diseases...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805561/kcnj11-and-kcnq1-gene-polymorphisms-are-not-associated-with-post-transplant-diabetes-mellitus-in-kidney-allograft-recipients-treated-with-tacrolimus
#7
E Dabrowska-Zamojcin, M Tarnowski, M Szydlowski, M Romanowski, V Dziedziejko, K Safranow, L Domanski, A Pawlik
Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a metabolic disorder occurring after solid organ transplantation during the therapy with calcineurin inhibitors. ATP-sensitive potassium channels KCNJ11 and KCNQ1 play an important role in the regulation of insulin secretion by β cells and development of diabetes mellitus. Numerous studies have confirmed the association between KCNJ11 and KCNQ1 gene polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to examine the association between KCNJ11 and KCNQ1 gene polymorphisms and posttransplant diabetes mellitus in kidney allograft recipients treated with tacrolimus...
2017: Folia Biologica (Praha)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805196/-the-evaluation-of-color-vision-and-its-diagnostic-value-in-predicting-the-risk-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-glucose-metabolism-disorders
#8
Katarzyna Jończyk-Skórka, Jan Kowalski
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate color vision and its diagnostic value in predicting the risk of diabetic retinopathy in patients with glucose metabolism disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 197 people, 92 women and 105 men aged 63.21 ± 8.74 years. In order to assess glucose metabolism disorders, patients were divided into three groups. The first group (DM) consisted of 60 people (16 women and 44 men aged 61.92 ± 8.46 years). These were people with type 2 diabetes...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802212/pharmacophore-based-design-of-some-multi-targeted-compounds-targeted-against-pathways-of-diabetic-complications
#9
Navriti Chadha, Om Silakari
Diabetic complications is a complex metabolic disorder developed primarily due to prolonged hyperglycemia in the body. The complexity of the disease state as well as the unifying pathophysiology discussed in the literature reports exhibited that the use of multi-targeted agents with multiple complementary biological activities may offer promising therapy for the intervention of the disease over the single-target drugs. In the present study, novel thiazolidine-2,4-dione analogues were designed as multi-targeted agents implicated against the molecular pathways involved in diabetic complications using knowledge based as well as in-silico approaches such as pharmacophore mapping, molecular docking etc...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796920/recommendations-for-the-management-of-comorbidity-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#10
E Dauden, P Lazaro, M D Aguilar, A J Blasco, C Suarez, I Marin, R Queiro, J Bassas-Vila, A Martorell, J García-Campayo
BACKGROUND: The association between hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and some diseases is becoming relevant in recent years. Providing appropriate management of HS from an early stage requires to include prompt diagnosis and treatment of concomitant diseases and to prevent any potential comorbidity. This approach should consider the adverse events of the drugs used to treat HS potentially related to the onset of a comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: To provide the dermatologist with an accurate, easily used tool that will inform the diagnosis of HS comorbidity, and to facilitate decision-making regarding the referral and treatment of patient with HS-associated comorbidity...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795381/research-progress-on-prevention-and-treatment-of-glucolipid-metabolic-disease-with-integrated-traditional-chinese-and-western-medicine
#11
Jiao Guo
Hyperlipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver and many other metabolic disorder are frequently co-existing in patients. In addition, these diseases are closely related in pathophysiological settings. However, increasing of the disease incidence, lacking of comprehensive prevention and control measurements against the key pathology point concomitant occurrence with the pattern of the single disease, single target therapy, that is leading therapeutic strategy for these metabolic disorders in the setting of Western medicine (WM)...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793853/equine-skeletal-muscle-adaptations-to-exercise-and-training-evidence-of-differential-regulation-of-autophagosomal-and-mitochondrial-components
#12
Kenneth Bryan, Beatrice A McGivney, Gabriella Farries, Paul A McGettigan, Charlotte L McGivney, Katie F Gough, David E MacHugh, Lisa M Katz, Emmeline W Hill
BACKGROUND: A single bout of exercise induces changes in gene expression in skeletal muscle. Regular exercise results in an adaptive response involving changes in muscle architecture and biochemistry, and is an effective way to manage and prevent common human diseases such as obesity, cardiovascular disorders and type II diabetes. However, the biomolecular mechanisms underlying such responses still need to be fully elucidated. Here we performed a transcriptome-wide analysis of skeletal muscle tissue in a large cohort of untrained Thoroughbred horses (n = 51) before and after a bout of high-intensity exercise and again after an extended period of training...
August 9, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792545/contribution-of-independent-and-pleiotropic-genetic-effects-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-hypertensive-rat
#13
Man Chun John Ma, Janette M Pettus, Jessica A Jakoubek, Matthew G Traxler, Karen C Clark, Amanda K Mennie, Anne E Kwitek
Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, and end organ failure, and is often found concomitant with disorders characteristic of the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), including obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance. While the associated features often occur together, the pathway(s) or mechanism(s) linking hypertension in MetS are not well understood. Previous work determined that genetic variation on rat chromosome 17 (RNO17) contributes to several MetS-defining traits (including hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia) in the Lyon Hypertensive (LH) rat, a genetically determined MetS model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792007/shared-molecular-and-cellular-mechanisms-of-premature-ageing-and-ageing-associated-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Nard Kubben, Tom Misteli
Ageing is the predominant risk factor for many common diseases. Human premature ageing diseases are powerful model systems to identify and characterize cellular mechanisms that underpin physiological ageing. Their study also leads to a better understanding of the causes, drivers and potential therapeutic strategies of common diseases associated with ageing, including neurological disorders, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Using the rare premature ageing disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome as a paradigm, we discuss here the shared mechanisms between premature ageing and ageing-associated diseases, including defects in genetic, epigenetic and metabolic pathways; mitochondrial and protein homeostasis; cell cycle; and stem cell-regenerative capacity...
August 9, 2017: Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791994/-expression-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-in-patients-with-insulin-resistance-and-seborrheic-keratomas
#15
V A Smolyannikova, A K Alexandrova
AIM: to study the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in patients with seborrheic keratomas (SK) and insulin resistance (type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2)) and in those without concomitant carbohydrate metabolic disturbances. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 80 patients with SK were examined. According to the presence or absence of DM2, the patients were divided into 2 groups: 1) 40 patients with concomitant DM2; 2) 40 people without carbohydrate metabolic disturbances...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791310/prevalence-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-and-associated-factors-among-adult-diabetic-patients-who-attend-the-diabetic-follow-up-clinic-at-the-university-of-gondar-referral-hospital-north-west-ethiopia-2016-institutional-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Tesfamichael G Mariam, Abebaw Alemayehu, Eleni Tesfaye, Worku Mequannt, Kiber Temesgen, Fisseha Yetwale, Miteku Andualem Limenih
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder which is characterized by multiple long-term complications that affect almost every system in the body. Foot ulcers are one of the main complications of diabetes mellitus. However, there is limited evidence on the occurrence of foot ulcer and influencing factors in Ethiopia. An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Gondar University Hospital, Ethiopia, to investigate foot ulcer occurrence in diabetic patients. Systematic random sampling was used to select 279 study participants...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790859/dyslipidemia-and-associated-factors-among-diabetic-patients-attending-durame-general-hospital-in-southern-nations-nationalities-and-people-s-region
#17
Shiferaw Bekele, Tagesech Yohannes, Abdurehman Eshete Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders that are caused by deficiency in insulin secretion or the decreased ability of insulin to act effectively on target tissues, particularly muscle, liver, and fat. As a result of insulin resistance in the target tissues, particularly in the adipocytes, free fatty acid flux is increased, leading to increased lipid synthesis in hepatocytes, which is responsible for diabetic dyslipidemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of dyslipidemia among diabetic patients in Durame General Hospital in Kembata Tembaro zone...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790232/corneal-sensitivity-as-a-potential-marker-of-diabetic-neuropathy
#18
Ratna Sitompul
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex and chronic metabolic disorder leading to many complications. One of the most common complications of DM is diabetic neuropathy. There are many studies exploring corneal sensitivity as a potential marker of diabetic neuropathy. This review aims to explore association between corneal sensitivity and diabetic neuropathy. In diabetic neuropathy, corneal sensitivity is impaired due to low level of corneal nerve trophic factors, impaired sensory nerve fibers, and lost communication of dendtritic cell...
April 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790228/association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-meta-analysis
#19
Guntur Darmawan, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Irsan Hasan
BACKGROUND: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known to be associated with some metabolic disorders. Recent studies suggested the role of uric acid in NAFLD through oxidative stress and inflammatory process. This study is aimed to evaluate the association between serum uric acid and NAFLD. METHODS: a systematic literature review was conducted using Pubmed and Cochrane library. The quality of all studies was assessed using the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)...
April 2017: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789832/association-of-preterm-birth-and-small-for-gestational-age-with-metabolic-outcomes-in%C3%A2-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-cohort-study-from-taiwan
#20
Yu-Ting Huang, Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chung-Hsing Wang, Bai-Horng Su, Che-Chen Lin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified preterm birth and/or small for gestational age (SGA) as risk factors for features of the metabolic syndrome, including high blood pressure, insulin sensitivity and atherosclerosis, occurring later in life, with controversial results. We conducted this population-based cohort study to investigate metabolic outcomes in those with former preterm birth and/or SGA status in Taiwan. METHODS: Data were obtained from Taiwan's universal National Health Insurance Research Database...
July 25, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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