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Immature platelet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447765/plasma-microrna-451-as-a-novel-hemolytic-marker-for-%C3%AE-0-thalassemia-hbe-disease
#1
Kamonlak Leecharoenkiat, Yuka Tanaka, Yasuko Harada, Porntip Chaichompoo, Orawan Sarakul, Yasunobu Abe, Duncan Richard Smith, Suthat Fucharoen, Saovaros Svasti, Tsukuru Umemura
In Southeast Asia, particularly in Thailand, β0-thalassemia/hemoglobin E (HbE) disease is a common hereditary hematological disease. It is associated with pathophysiological processes, such as the intramedullary destruction of immature erythroid cells and peripheral hemolysis of mature red blood cells. MicroRNA (miR) sequences, which are short non-coding RNA that regulate gene expression in a suppressive manner, serve a crucial role in human erythropoiesis. In the present study, the plasma levels of the erythroid-expressed miRNAs, miR‑451 and miR‑155, were analyzed in 23 patients with β0-thalassemia/HbE and 16 control subjects...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415948/use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-regeneration-in-non-vital-immature-permanent-teeth-clinical-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-evaluation
#2
Adel Alagl, Sumit Bedi, Khalid Hassan, Jehan AlHumaid
Objective This study was performed to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of a revascularization procedure in immature teeth with apical periodontitis using platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The PRP protocol and conventional revascularization protocol, which used a blood clot as the scaffold, were compared. Methods Thirty non-vital immature permanent teeth were randomly categorized into two groups. After disinfecting the root canal space with triple antibiotic paste (1:1:1 ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, and cefaclor), a tissue scaffold was created using either PRP or a blood clot (control) and covered with white mineral trioxide aggregate...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394090/analysis-of-platelet-derived-extracellular-vesicles-in-plateletpheresis-concentrates-a-multicenter-study
#3
Anne Black, Evelyn Orsó, Reinhard Kelsch, Melanie Pereira, Julian Kamhieh-Milz, Abdulgabar Salama, Michael B Fischer, Eduardo Meyer, Beat M Frey, Gerd Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Routine quantification of platelet-derived extracellular vesicles (PL-EVs) may be useful in the quality control (QC) of platelet concentrates (PCs). The aim of this multicenter study was to establish and validate a consensus protocol for the standardized PL-EV quantification using conventional flow cytometers. STUDY DESIGN AMD METHODS: Eighty-six PCs were investigated in five blood transfusion centers (A-E) on Days 0 and 5. The centers used different apheresis instruments: Trima Accel (n = 56) and/or Amicus (n = 30)...
April 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388444/immature-platelet-fraction-and-the-extent-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-single-centre-study
#4
Monica Verdoia, Matteo Nardin, Roberta Rolla, Paolo Marino, Giorgio Bellomo, Harry Suryapranata, Giuseppe De Luca
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Immature platelet fraction (IPF) represents the quote of younger and larger sized circulating platelets, a potential marker of platelet reactivity and major cardiovascular events. We aimed to assess the relationship between IPF levels and the prevalence and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: A cohort of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography in a single centre were included...
May 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383532/the-immature-platelet-fraction-creating-neonatal-reference-intervals-and-using-these-to-categorize-neonatal-thrombocytopenias
#5
B C MacQueen, R D Christensen, E Henry, A M Romrell, T J Pysher, S T Bennett, M C Sola-Visner
OBJECTIVE: The immature platelet fraction (IPF) is a laboratory measurement analogous to the reticulocyte count, but reflecting the thrombopoietic state. Similar to a reticulocyte count, it can be expressed as a percent (IPF%=percent of platelets that are immature) or as an absolute number per μl blood; the immature platelet count (IPC=IPF% × platelets per μl of blood). STUDY DESIGN: Using a retrospective analysis of de-identified data from non-thrombocytopenic neonates, we created reference intervals for IPF% and IPC...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379623/on-pump-cardiac-surgery-enhances-platelet-renewal-and-impairs-aspirin-pharmacodynamics-effects-of-improved-dosing-regimens
#6
V Cavalca, B Rocca, F Veglia, G Petrucci, B Porro, V Myasoedova, R De Cristofaro, L Turnu, A Bonomi, P Songia, L Cavallotti, M Zanobini, M Camera, F Alamanni, A Parolari, C Patrono, E Tremoli
On-pump cardiac surgery may trigger inflammation and accelerate platelet cyclooxygenase-1 renewal, thereby modifying low-dose aspirin pharmacodynamics. Thirty-seven patients on standard aspirin 100mg once-daily were studied before surgery and randomized within 36 hours post-surgery to 100mg once-daily, 100mg twice-daily or 200mg once-daily for 90 days. On day 7 post-surgery, immature and mature platelets, platelet mass, thrombopoieitin, glycocalicin, leukocytes, C-reactive protein, and interleukin-6 significantly increased...
April 5, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378905/measurements-of-immature-platelets-with-haematology-analysers-are-of-limited-value-to-separate-immune-thrombocytopenia-from-bone-marrow-failure
#7
Annalina Cybulska, Lisa Meintker, Jürgen Ringwald, Stefan W Krause
Detection of immature platelets in the circulation may help to dissect thrombocytopenia due to platelet destruction from bone marrow failure (BMF). We prospectively tested the predictive value of immature platelets, measured as immature platelet fraction (IPF) on the XE-5000 (Sysmex, Kobe, Japan) or percentage of reticulated platelets (rPT) on the CD Sapphire (Abbott Diagnostics, Santa Clara, CA, USA) to separate immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) from BMF (leukaemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, aplastic anaemia)...
April 5, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336561/mice-lacking-the-inhibitory-collagen-receptor-lair-1-exhibit-a-mild-thrombocytosis-and-hyperactive-platelets
#8
Christopher W Smith, Steven G Thomas, Zaher Raslan, Pushpa Patel, Maxwell Byrne, Marie Lordkipanidzé, Danai Bem, Linde Meyaard, Yotis A Senis, Steve P Watson, Alexandra Mazharian
OBJECTIVE: Leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor-1 (LAIR-1) is a collagen receptor that belongs to the inhibitory immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif-containing receptor family. It is an inhibitor of signaling via the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif-containing collagen receptor complex, glycoprotein VI-FcRγ-chain. It is expressed on hematopoietic cells, including immature megakaryocytes, but is not detectable on platelets. Although the inhibitory function of LAIR-1 has been described in leukocytes, its physiological role in megakaryocytes and in particular in platelet formation has not been explored...
March 23, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329764/the-lung-is-a-site-of-platelet-biogenesis-and-a-reservoir-for-haematopoietic-progenitors
#9
Emma Lefrançais, Guadalupe Ortiz-Muñoz, Axelle Caudrillier, Beñat Mallavia, Fengchun Liu, David M Sayah, Emily E Thornton, Mark B Headley, Tovo David, Shaun R Coughlin, Matthew F Krummel, Andrew D Leavitt, Emmanuelle Passegué, Mark R Looney
Platelets are critical for haemostasis, thrombosis, and inflammatory responses, but the events that lead to mature platelet production remain incompletely understood. The bone marrow has been proposed to be a major site of platelet production, although there is indirect evidence that the lungs might also contribute to platelet biogenesis. Here, by directly imaging the lung microcirculation in mice, we show that a large number of megakaryocytes circulate through the lungs, where they dynamically release platelets...
April 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277061/%C3%AE-granule-biogenesis-from-disease-to-discovery
#10
REVIEW
Chang Hua Chen, Richard W Lo, Denisa Urban, Fred G Pluthero, Walter H A Kahr
Platelets are critical to hemostasis and thrombosis. Upon detecting injury, platelets show a range of responses including the release of protein cargo from α-granules. This cargo is synthesized by platelet precursor megakaryocytes or endocytosed by megakaryocytes and/or platelets. Insights into α-granule biogenesis have come from studies of hereditary conditions where these granules are immature, deficient or absent. Studies of Arthrogryposis, Renal dysfunction, and Cholestasis (ARC) syndrome identified the first proteins essential to α-granule biogenesis: VPS33B and VPS16B...
March 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273701/-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-short-term-outcomes-in-early-term-neonates
#11
S S Long, Q X Tang, B X Huang, B Y Lin, L S Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of early term and full term neonates, and analyze the risk factors associated with short term outcomes in early term neonates. Method: Neonates with birth weight (BW) ≥2 500 g from year 2013 were analyzed retrospectively based on American Congress of Obstericians & Gynecologists (ACOG) latest definition of term infants. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, early term (gestational age 37-38 weeks) and full term(gestational age 39-40 weeks) neonates were included, whose morbidity constituent proportion was analyzed by χ(2) test or Fisher accuracy test or t test or Wilcoxon test...
March 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247057/novel-hematological-parameters-for-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-myeloproliferative-neoplasms-the-immature-platelet-and-reticulocyte-fractions
#12
Paolo Strati, Prithviraj Bose, Lindsey Lyle, Katie Gaw, Lingsha Zhou, Sherry A Pierce, Julie Huynh-Lu, Cheryl F Hirsch-Ginsberg, Daniel E Bueso-Mendoza, Carlos E Bueso-Ramos, Srdan Verstovsek
New automated hematology analyzers have led to the availability of novel hematological parameters, including the immature platelet fraction (IPF) and the immature reticulocyte fraction (IRF), both of potential interest in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). We performed a prospective analysis of 217 patients with MPN, including 32 (15%) with essential thrombocythemia (ET), 43 (20%) with polycythemia vera (PV), and 142 (65%) with myelofibrosis (MF); the IPF and IRF were measured by the Sysmex XN analyzer...
May 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219222/-relative-analysis-of-platelet-activation-with-bleeding-risk-in-patients-with-primary-immune-thrombocytopenia
#13
M E Lyu, Y Li, C C Lyu, W J Liu, Y Guan, S X Wang, R C Yang
Objective: To study the relationship between platelet activation and the degree of bleeding in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) . Methods: 43 patients with ITP were assessed based on ITP-BAT bleeding grading system. Platelet membrane glycoproteins (GP) Ⅰb, GPⅡb/Ⅲa and P-selectin expression were detected by flow cytometry analysis with and without adenosine diphosphate (ADP) stimulation. Association of platelet activation with platelet count, immature platelet fraction (IPF) , bleeding severity were evaluated...
January 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215928/human-platelet-lysate-is-a-successful-alternative-serum-supplement-for-propagation-of-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells
#14
Urban Švajger
BACKGROUND AIMS: Clinical protocols for dendritic cell (DC) generation from monocytes require the use of animal serum-free supplements. Serum-free media can also require up to 1% of serum supplementation. In addition, recommendations based on the 3Rs (Refinement, Reduction, Replacement) principle also recommend the use of non-animal sera in in vitro studies. The aim of this study was to explore the potential use of platelet lysate (PL) for generation of optimally differentiated DCs from monocytes...
February 16, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131412/second-generation-platelet-concentrate-platelet-rich-fibrin-as-a-scaffold-in-regenerative-endodontics-a-case-series
#15
Hengameh Bakhtiar, Shahram Esmaeili, Setareh Fakhr Tabatabayi, Mohammad Reza Ellini, Mohammad Hossein Nekoofar, Paul M H Dummer
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this case series was to report the clinical and radiographic results of a pulp regenerative procedure using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), a second-generation platelet concentrate, in immature teeth with necrotic pulps. METHODS: Root canal revascularization using PRF was performed on 4 immature teeth with necrotic pulps. After access cavity preparation, the root canals were irrigated with low concentration sodium hypochlorite solution (1...
March 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120415/immature-platelets-do-not-reliably-predict-platelet-recovery-in-patients-with-intensive-chemotherapy-or-stem-cell-transplantation
#16
L Meintker, J D Fritsch, J Ringwald, S W Krause
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that immature platelets may indicate imminent platelet (PLT) recovery following intensive chemotherapy and/or haematopoietic stem cell transplantation with the perspective to withhold unnecessary transfusions. The objective of our prospective study was to test immature PLTs as measured by two haematology analysers to predict PLT recovery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study monitored 51 courses of severe thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in 35 adult haematology/oncology patients starting at a PLT count <70 × 10(9) /l until PLT recovery (>20 × 10(9) /l) or discharge from hospital...
February 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091902/nitrogen-oxide-endothelin-1-and-serotonin-in-the-blood-of-immature-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#17
M D Chibireva, G N Aflyatumova, V L Matveeva, D F Bilalova, O I Kuz'mina, D I Sadykova, R R Nigmatullina
Endothelial function is an early and sensitive marker of subclinical increase of BP in children and adolescents. It is associated with an imbalance of the key vasoactive factors (NO, endothelin-1, and serotonin). Immature spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR line) are characterized by increased plasma concentrations of NO and endothelin-1 (by 14.7% and 2.9 times, respectively) and increased serotonin content in the plasma and platelets (by 2.7 and 2.3 times, respectively) in comparison with Wistar-Kyoto rats...
January 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089410/microparticle-detection-to-guide-platelet-management-for-the-reduction-of-platelet-refractoriness-in-children-a-study-proposal
#18
Peter Kanzler, Andrew Mahoney, Gerda Leitner, Volker Witt, Elisabeth Maurer-Spurej
Microparticles have been shown to shed from a variety of viable cells as a consequence of inflammatory processes, activation or physical stress. Seventy to 90% of circulating microparticles are thought to be platelet-derived. The content of microparticles in blood collected from normal blood donors is highly variable and transfers into the final blood component. Elevated microparticle content (MPC) in donor blood might indicate an asymptomatic clinical condition of the donor which might affect the transfusion recipient, particularly pediatric patients...
February 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050518/revitalization-of-an-immature-permanent-mandibular-molar-with-a-necrotic-pulp-using-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-case-report
#19
Dayalan Subash, Krishnamma Shoba, Shibu Aman, Srinivasan Kumar Indu Bharkavi
Any insult to the pulp during its development causes cessation of dentin formation and root growth. Pulpal status and degree of root development are the decisive factors in the treatment approach. Various treatment options have been tried like surgery with root-end sealing, calcium hydroxide-apexification, placement of apical plug and regenerative endodontic procedures to induce apexogenesis. An ideal scenario for a necrosed tooth with immature root would be continued root development coupled with regeneration of pulp tissue...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034873/an-incomplete-trafficking-defect-to-the-cell-surface-leads-to-paradoxical-thrombocytosis-for-human-and-murine-mpl-p106l
#20
Fabrizia Favale, Kahia Messaoudi, Leila N Varghese, Siham Boukour, Christian Pecquet, Vitalina Gryshkova, Jean Philippe Defour, Roxana-Irina Albu, Olivier Bluteau, Paola Ballerini, Guy Leverger, Isabelle Plo, Najet Debili, Hana Raslova, Remi Favier, Stefan N Constantinescu, William Vainchenker
The mechanisms behind the hereditary thrombocytosis induced by the thrombopoietin (THPO) receptor MPL P106L mutant remain unknown. A complete trafficking defect to the cell surface has been reported, suggesting either weak constitutive activity or nonconventional THPO-dependent mechanisms. Here, we report that the thrombocytosis phenotype induced by MPL P106L belongs to the paradoxical group, where low MPL levels on platelets and mature megakaryocytes (MKs) lead to high serum THPO levels, whereas weak but not absent MPL cell-surface localization in earlier MK progenitors allows response to THPO by signaling and amplification of the platelet lineage...
December 29, 2016: Blood
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