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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457466/feasibility-of-an-alzheimer-s-disease-knowledge-intervention-in-the-latino-community
#1
Jaime Perales, W Todd Moore, Cielo Fernandez, Daniel Chavez, Mariana Ramirez, David Johnson, Jason Resendez, Carolina Bueno, Eric D Vidoni
BACKGROUND: Latinos experience disparities in Alzheimer's disease (AD) knowledge. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of a 45-minute culturally-tailored AD knowledge presentation for professionals serving the Latino community and Latinos served by Latino community organizations. METHODS: One-session AD knowledge lunch-and-learn events were conducted with 40 professionals and 37 served Latinos. Participants received a pre-post survey including questions on satisfaction, a subjective AD knowledge question and a 14 item objective AD knowledge questionnaire...
February 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457235/the-intimate-responsibility-of-surrogate-decision-making
#2
Hilde Lindemann
Daniel Brudney's clear-headed analysis, in this issue of the Hastings Center Report, of the difference between a patient's and a surrogate's right to make medical treatment decisions contributes to a longstanding conversation in bioethics. Brudney offers an epistemological and a moral argument for the patient's and the surrogate's right to decide. The epistemological argument is the same for both parties: the (competent) patient has a right to decide because she is presumed to know her own interests better than anyone else, and the surrogate is entitled to make decisions because she knows the patient better than anyone else...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456307/awareness-knowledge-and-attitude-of-patients-toward-dental-implants-a-questionnaire-based-prospective-study
#3
Rajesh Hosadurga, Tenneti Shanti, Shashikanth Hegde, Rajesh Shankar Kashyap, Suryanarayan Maiya Arunkumar
Background: In developing nations like India awareness and education about dental implants as a treatment modality is still scanty. Aim: The study was conducted to determine the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of patients toward dental implants as a treatment modality among the general population and to assess the influence of personality characteristics on accepting dental implants as a treatment modality in general and as well as treatment group. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire-based survey was conducted on 500 randomly selected participants attending the outpatient department...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455699/existing-approaches-to-chemical-biological-radiological-and-nuclear-cbrn-education-and-training-for-health-professionals-findings-from-an-integrative-literature-review
#4
Mayumi Kako, Karen Hammad, Satoko Mitani, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVES: This review was conducted to explore the literature to determine the availability, content, and evaluation of existing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) education programs for health professionals. METHODS: An integrative review of the international literature describing disaster education for CBRN (2004-2016) was conducted. The following relevant databases were searched: Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals @ OVID, Google Scholar, Medline, and Ichuschi ver...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455162/evaluation-of-learning-from-practical-obstetric-multi-professional-training-and-its-impact-on-patient-outcomes-in-australia-using-kirkpatrick-s-framework-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Arunaz Kumar, Sam Sturrock, Euan M Wallace, Debra Nestel, Donna Lucey, Sally Stoyles, Jenny Morgan, Peter Neil, Michelle Schlipalius, Philip Dekoninck
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Practical Obstetric Multi-Professional Training (PROMPT) simulation using the Kirkpatrick's framework. We explored participants' acquisition of knowledge and skills, its impact on clinical outcomes and organisational change to integrate the PROMPT programme as a credentialing tool. We also aimed to assess participants' perception of usefulness of PROMPT in their clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods approach with a pre-test/post-test design...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455044/timing-of-surgical-site-infection-and-pulmonary-complications-after-laparotomy
#6
Ossian Gundel, Sofie Kirchhoff Gundersen, Rikke Maria Dahl, Lars Nannestad Jørgensen, Lars S Rasmussen, Jørn Wetterslev, Ditte Sæbye, Christian S Meyhoff
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) and other postoperative complications are associated with high costs, morbidity, secondary surgery, and mortality. Many studies have identified factors that may prevent SSI and pulmonary complications, but it is important to know when they in fact occur. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic timing of surgical site infections and pulmonary complications after laparotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the PROXI trial which was a randomized clinical trial conducted in 1400 patients undergoing elective or emergent laparotomy...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454874/stressors-for-spanish-nursing-students-in-clinical-practice
#7
Jose-Maria Suarez-Garcia, Alba Maestro-Gonzalez, David Zuazua-Rico, Marta Sánchez-Zaballos, Maria-Pilar Mosteiro-Diaz
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice is critical for nursing students to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to properly develop professionally. The presence of stress in clinical practice may negatively affect their training. OBJECTIVES: To understand the extent to which clinical practice can be stressful for nursing students at a Spanish university and to determine the main stressors associated with the practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study conducted in 2016 at the two nursing colleges of the University of Oviedo, located in Oviedo and Gijón in the Principality of Asturias, Spain...
February 6, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454507/pediatric-early-warning-score-systems-nurses-perspective-a-focus-group-study
#8
EDITORIAL
Claus Sixtus Jensen, Pia Bonde Nielsen, Hanne Vebert Olesen, Hans Kirkegaard, Hanne Aagaard
PURPOSE: Pediatric early warning score (PEWS) systems are used to monitor pediatric patients' vital signs and facilitate the treatment of patients at risk of deteriorating. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge about nurses' experiences with PEWS and to highlight factors facilitating and impeding the use of PEWS tools in clinical practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative design was chosen using focus group interviews to gain a deeper understanding of nurses' experiences with PEWS...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454194/diagnostic-and-treatment-services-for-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-pnes-a-survey-of-health-professionals-in-urban-china
#9
Xin Tong, Dongmei An, Markus Reuber, Qin Zhang, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: This study is intended to provide an overview of diagnostic and treatment services for patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) across China. METHODS: Using a questionnaire devised by the PNES Task Force of Neuropsychiatry Commission of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE), we conducted a survey among Chinese health professionals at the Sixth Advanced International Course: Clinical Epileptology. Descriptive analyses were performed...
January 31, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454050/when-travel-is-a-challenge-travel-medicine-and-the-dis-abled-traveller
#10
REVIEW
Irmgard Bauer
Travellers with recognised disabilities or the dis-ability to function as required during a trip have been overlooked in the travel medicine literature. This paper provides a starting point for further discussion and research into this neglected traveller population. In contrast, tourism research has explored travel with a disability for some time in order to understand the travellers' needs and to improve services accordingly. The contemporary bio-psycho-social understanding of disability serves as the framework for exploring motivations to travel as well as barriers, such as inter and intrapersonal, economic, structural and attitudinal obstacles...
February 14, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453808/three-dimensional-printing-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Ivan Lau, Zhonghua Sun
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has shown great promise in medicine with increasing reports in congenital heart disease (CHD). This systematic review aims to analyse the main clinical applications and accuracy of 3D printing in CHD, as well as to provide an overview of the software tools, time and costs associated with the generation of 3D printed heart models. A search of different databases was conducted to identify studies investigating the application of 3D printing in CHD. Studies based on patient's medical imaging datasets were included for analysis, while reports on in vitro phantom or review articles were excluded from the analysis...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453507/interprofessional-education-opportunities-and-challenges-for-psychology
#12
Wendy Ward, Alexandra Zagoloff, Cortney Rieck, William Robiner
This manuscript is an outgrowth of an invited panel presentation at the national Association for Psychologists in Academic Health Centers Conference in 2017 on Interprofessional Education (IPE). IPE is a structured and transformative educational strategy designed to provide active learning experiences where trainees from diverse healthcare professions gain shared content knowledge plus collaboration skills as they learn about, from, and with each other. Collaboration skills include understanding professional role distinctions and overlap, effective team-based communication, shared values/ethics and respect for each other's expertise, and teamwork dynamics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453419/a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-consent-intervention-for-participating-in-an-nih-genome-sequencing-study
#13
Erin Turbitt, Paola P Chrysostomou, Holly L Peay, Alexis R Heidlebaugh, Lawrence M Nelson, Barbara B Biesecker
To make an informed choice to participate in a genome sequencing study that may yield primary and secondary findings, one understands relevant information in the context of personal values. Consent forms to enroll in a sequencing study can be long and complex. The efficacy of the professional encounter to consider the information contained in the consent form and make an informed choice is unknown. Women diagnosed with primary ovarian insufficiency and eligible for a sequencing study were randomized to participate in one of two encounters with a genetic counselor: a consent intervention using a lower literacy, less dense form or a standard consent encounter...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453022/exploring-factors-that-influence-students-attitudes-toward-midwifery-in-jordan-measuring-psychometric-properties-of-a-newly-developed-tool
#14
Lourance A Al Hadid, Omaymah Al-Rajabi, Marwa AlBarmawi, Najah Sayyah Yousef Sayyah, Lwiza Moh'd Toqan
Students' professional choice to proceed in midwifery is influenced by many factors. This study validated an instrument developed to assess students' attitudes toward midwifery in Jordan. It also addressed the motivating and de-motivating factors influencing students' decision concerning joining and continuing in midwifery. A descriptive, cross-section study was conducted on a convenience sample of 374 midwifery students representing private, governmental, and military midwifery colleges. The researchers developed the study questionnaire through conducting a comprehensive literature review, organizing common themes and consulting experts...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452788/understanding-pre-peri-and-post-menopausal-women-s-intentions-to-perform-muscle-strengthening-activities-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#15
Julie Doherty, Melanie Giles, Alison M Gallagher, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
Although physical activity guidelines recommend muscle-strengthening activities (MSA), public health initiatives tend to focus on increasing aerobic activity and fail to mention MSA. This study sought to identify the issues influencing pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women's intentions to perform MSA with a view to informing future interventions for these populations. Mixed methods guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) were used to explore factors that influence women's intentions to perform MSA. In stage one, 34 women participated in either a focus group or interview...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452600/patterns-of-paediatric-end-of-life-care-a-chart-review-across-different-care-settings-in-switzerland
#16
Karin Zimmermann, Eva Cignacco, Sandra Engberg, Anne-Sylvie Ramelet, Nicolas von der Weid, Katri Eskola, Eva Bergstraesser, Marc Ansari, Christoph Aebi, Reta Baer, Maja Beck Popovic, Vera Bernet, Pierluigi Brazzola, Hans Ulrich Bucher, Regula Buder, Sandra Cagnazzo, Barbara Dinten, Anouk Dorsaz, Franz Elmer, Raquel Enriquez, Patricia Fahrni-Nater, Gabi Finkbeiner, Bernhard Frey, Urs Frey, Jeannette Greiner, Ralph-Ingo Hassink, Simone Keller, Oliver Kretschmar, Judith Kroell, Bernard Laubscher, Kurt Leibundgut, Reta Malaer, Andreas Meyer, Christoph Stuessi, Mathias Nelle, Thomas Neuhaus, Felix Niggli, Geneviève Perrenoud, Jean-Pierre Pfammatter, Barbara Plecko, Debora Rupf, Felix Sennhauser, Caroline Stade, Maja Steinlin, Lilian Stoffel, Karin Thomas, Christian Vonarburg, Rodo von Vigier, Bendicht Wagner, Judith Wieland, Birgit Wernz
BACKGROUND: Paediatric end-of-life care is challenging and requires a high level of professional expertise. It is important that healthcare teams have a thorough understanding of paediatric subspecialties and related knowledge of disease-specific aspects of paediatric end-of-life care. The aim of this study was to comprehensively describe, explore and compare current practices in paediatric end-of-life care in four distinct diagnostic groups across healthcare settings including all relevant levels of healthcare providers in Switzerland...
February 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451810/recent-developments-in-the-food-quality-detected-by-non-invasive-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-technology
#17
Kai Fan, Min Zhang
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a rapid, accurate and non-invasive technology and widely used to detect the quality of food, particularly to fruits and vegetables, meat and aquatic products. This review is a survey of recent developments in experimental results for the quality of food on various NMR technologies in processing and storage over the past decade. Following a discussion of the quality discrimination and classification of food, analysis of food compositions and detection of physical, chemical, structural and microbiological properties of food are outlined...
February 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450836/allied-health-professionals-knowledge-and-use-of-asd-intervention-practices
#18
Jessica Paynter, Rhylee Sulek, Sarah Luskin-Saxby, David Trembath, Deb Keen
Allied health professionals (AHPs) are trusted sources of information and intervention for clients with autism spectrum disorder. However, the level of implementation of empirically-supported therapies and the accuracy of the knowledge they use to inform intervention selection is largely unknown. The present study explored the accuracy of AHPs' knowledge and use of practices, and explored links to individual attitudes and organisational culture. Overall results from the 156 AHPs surveyed suggested general accuracy of knowledge, and use of empirically supported treatments, with accuracy linked to use...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449295/management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-healthcare-professionals
#19
Hayley McBain, Frederique Lamontagne-Godwin, Mark Haddad, Alan Simpson, Jacqui Chapman, Julia Jones, Chris Flood, Kathleen Mulligan
OBJECTIVES: To establish healthcare professionals' (HCPs) views about clinical roles, and the barriers and enablers to delivery of diabetes care for people with severe mental illness (SMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional, postal and online survey. SETTING: Trusts within the National Health Service, mental health and diabetes charities, and professional bodies. PARTICIPANTS: HCPs who care for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and/or SMI in the UK...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448948/occupational-exposure-to-hiv-in-a-developing-country-assessing-knowledge-and-attitude-of-healthcare-professional-before-and-after-an-awareness-symposium
#20
Samina Ismail, Safia Awan, Rubaba Naeem, Sarfraz Siddiqui, Badar Afzal, Bushra Jamil, Uzma Rahim Khan
OBJECTIVE: Health care providers (HCPs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV infection. In developing world these exposure occur due to general lack of awareness, education and structured training of HCPs. The objective of the study was to asses if continuing medical education symposium can be used as an effective educational tool to improve attitude, awareness and knowledge regarding occupational exposure to HIV infection. This quasi-experimental study was conducted among HCPs from Karachi, Pakistan...
February 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
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