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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235408/balint-work-and-the-creation-of-medical-knowledge
#1
John Muench
Michael Balint's pioneering work in primary care was not simply the application of psychodynamic theory to the complex problems and relationships encountered by clinicians. Rather, Balint's work was part of a wider conversation in Western epistemology that had already begun to break down the enlightenment rationalist agenda. Since the time of Descartes, we sought to find certain truth through decontextualizing and abstracting problems, and through separation of the observer from the thing observed, with a focus on finding universal timeless laws that could be generalized...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234956/work-participation-among-employees-with-common-mental-disorders-a-meta-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Cecilie Nørby Thisted, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Merete Bjerrum
Purpose The aim was to aggregate knowledge about the opportunities, challenges and need for support employees with common mental disorders experience in relation to work participation in order to develop recommendations for practice. Methods A meta-synthesis was conducted using a meta-aggregative approach to accurately and reliably present findings that could be used to meet our aim. Qualitative inductive content analysis was used to analyze and synthesize the findings. Results In all, 252 findings were extracted from 16 papers, and six categories were generated and aggregated into two synthesized findings...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234482/roads-to-health-in-developing-countries-understanding-the-intersection-of-culture-and-healing
#3
REVIEW
S Ibeneme, G Eni, A Ezuma, G Fortwengel
Background: The most important attribute to which all human beings aspire is good health because it enables us to undertake different forms of activities of daily living. The emergence of scientific knowledge in Western societies has enabled scientists to explore and define several parameters of health by drawing boundaries around factors that are known to influence the attainment of good health. For example, the World Health Organization defined health by taking physical and psychological factors into consideration...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233579/why-do-certain-primary-health-care-teams-respond-better-to-intimate-partner-violence-than-others-a-multiple-case-study
#4
Isabel Goicolea, Bruno Marchal, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Carmen Vives-Cases, Erica Briones-Vozmediano, Miguel San Sebastián
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how team level conditions influenced health care professionals' responses to intimate partner violence. METHODS: We used a multiple embedded case study. The cases were four primary health care teams located in a southern region of Spain; two of them considered "good" and two s "average". The two teams considered good had scored highest in practice issues for intimate partner violence, measured via a questionnaire (PREMIS - Physicians Readiness to Respond to Intimate Partner Violence Survey) applied to professionals working in the four primary health care teams...
December 9, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233438/student-led-co-curricular-medical-spanish-training-in-a-pharmacy-professional-program
#5
Linda S Garavalia, Ligaya Chan, Marvin Ortiz, Monica Muniz-Delgado, Jesse F Martinez
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This paper describes a student-led co-curricular training program to increase pharmacy student proficiency with medical Spanish terminology. Western University of Health Sciences (WesternU) pharmacy students frequently can interact with Spanish-speaking patients in experiential rotations. Moreover, the clear majority of program graduates remain in California, a state with a high Spanish-speaking population. Developing foundational knowledge of medical Spanish terminology can enhance communication with Spanish-speaking patients, who may have limited English proficiency and experience a lack of language concordance when interacting with the healthcare system...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233431/development-and-delivery-of-an-interdisciplinary-course-in-mobile-health-mhealth
#6
Brent I Fox, David A Umphress, Joshua C Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary practice is a primary focus within the United States health care system. Despite the existence of interdisciplinary educational efforts in pharmacy for many years, the practice only recently entered mainstream health care education. Informatics offers interdisciplinary educational opportunities. Mobile health (mHealth), an informatics sub-discipline, is the use of mobile devices for health and wellness activities. We used the mHealth domain as the context for an interdisciplinary learning experience for pharmacy and computer science and software engineering (CSSE) students...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233424/design-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-online-elective-course-on-current-topics-in-pharmacy
#7
Kristen A Pate, Adam N Pate, Laurel A Sampognaro, Jessica H Brady, David J Caldwell
INTRODUCTION: To describe the design and implementation of the Current Topics in Professional Pharmacy online elective course and evaluate the degree to which the course improved student pharmacists' awareness of and interest in current topics affecting the profession of pharmacy. METHODS: A one-credit hour online summer elective included weekly modules of current topics affecting the profession of pharmacy, along with a longitudinal final project in which students created their own current topic module...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233420/student-pharmacist-perceived-benefit-of-a-sequential-training-model-for-health-testing
#8
Tiffaney Threatt, Eileen Ward, Kayce Shealy, Amy Hynes, P Elizabeth Robinette
PURPOSE: This article describes the health testing training process used at Presbyterian College School of Pharmacy and evaluates perceptions of the sequential training model among students in their first, second, and third professional years. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: After observing student deficiencies in the knowledge and skills necessary for performing health tests, despite receiving didactic training within the core curriculum, faculty members searched for supplemental training programs used by other schools of pharmacy...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233418/integrating-parts-of-the-apha-career-pathway-evaluation-program-for-pharmacy-professionals-into-a-career-development-lab
#9
Brooke A Linn, Samantha J Burton, Brian M Shepler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To use parts of the APhA Career Pathway Evaluation Program for Pharmacy Professionals in a career development laboratory designed to provide students with relevant information that will help them prepare for successful careers across the profession of pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Students enrolled in the second professional year of pharmacy school participated in an interactive three-hour career development laboratory. Students completed the APhA Career Pathway Evaluation Program for Pharmacy Professionals Online Assessment Tool prior to the laboratory...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233415/development-and-evaluation-of-an-intermediate-level-elective-course-on-medical-spanish-for-pharmacy-students
#10
Robert Mueller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Spanish-speaking population in the United States is increasing rapidly, and there is a need for additional educational efforts, beyond teaching basic medical Spanish terminology, to increase the number of Spanish-speaking pharmacists able to provide culturally appropriate care to this patient population. This article describes the development and evaluation of an intermediate-level elective course where students integrated pharmacy practice skills with Spanish-language skills and cultural competency...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233400/teachable-moments-matter-for-an-analysis-of-the-use-of-pharmacy-curriculum-outcomes-assessment-pcoa-scores-within-one-professional-program
#11
Michael J Peeters, Linda S Garavalia
Editors Note: The Teachable Moments Matter category of articles is designed to offer readers insight into a methodological issue identified within a companion article. Written in collaboration with one of these authors, these articles provide an opportunity to focus on a challenge experienced by the authors and, in the process, provide one or more perspectives as to how to successfully navigate this issue. Notably, this "issue" is not necessarily a problem (as this first paper in this series demonstrates). The Journal hopes this case-based approach will help highlight an issue nuance in context, something that might get "lost" in the entirety of a full-length article...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233395/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-in-home-testing-among-a-regional-sample-of-student-pharmacists
#12
Alvina Tran, Autumn L Stewart, Jordan R Covvey
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists identify the importance of education on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); however, research suggests deficits in knowledge regarding recommendations and testing devices. With proper training, student pharmacists can play an important role in counseling patients on the importance of HIV testing and providing instruction on in-home testing. The objective of the study was to assess student pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of HIV and the use of an in-home, over-the-counter HIV testing device...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233367/electronic-cigarette-use-knowledge-and-perceptions-among-health-professional-students
#13
Amy M Franks, William A Hawes, Keith R McCain, Nalin Payakachat
INTRODUCTION: Our study evaluated the electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, knowledge, and perceptions of health professional students enrolled in one of five colleges at a single academic health center. METHODS: A 56-item survey was conducted to examine the use, knowledge, and perceptions of e-cigarettes among health professional students. An e-cigarette knowledge score was calculated according to correct responses to eight true-false survey items, with possible scores ranging from zero to eight points...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233324/development-and-evaluation-of-a-continuing-pharmacy-education-cpe-program-in-thrombosis-management
#14
Artemis Diamantouros, Romina Marchesano, William H Geerts, Peter Pennefather, Merrick Zwarenstein, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A continuing education (CE) course in thrombosis management for pharmacists was developed through the Office of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) at the University of Toronto to address pharmacists' needs for the knowledge and skills to provide care to patients receiving anticoagulants. This article describes the development of the course as well as the evaluation designed to assess its impact on pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes, and changes in practice...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233268/school-is-a-game-faculty-set-the-rules
#15
Jeff Cain
Some students often exhibit less-than-ideal learning behaviors such as cramming for exams, focusing on memorization versus comprehension, multi-tasking during class, etc. One approach to understanding and addressing these issues is through a "school as game" mental model. Success in the "game of school", especially in rigorous professional and graduate programs, requires not only knowledge and skill, but also strategy. Because of time demands, students must often make strategic decisions regarding class attendance, attention, study time, and study methods...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233157/medical-student-intervention-to-promote-effective-nicotine-dependence-and-tobacco-healthcare-mind-the-gap-single-centre-feasibility-randomised-trial-results
#16
Anusha Kumar, Kenneth D Ward, Lisa Mellon, Miriam Gunning, Sinead Stynes, Anne Hickey, Ronán Conroy, Shane MacSweeney, David Horan, Liam Cormican, Seamus Sreenan, Frank Doyle
BACKGROUND: Although brief cessation advice from healthcare professionals increases quit rates, smokers typically do not get this advice during hospitalisation, possibly due to resource issues, lack of training and professionals' own attitudes to providing such counselling. Medical students are a potentially untapped resource who could deliver cessation counselling, while upskilling themselves and changing their own attitudes to delivering such advice in the future; however, no studies have investigated this...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233046/how-is-a-new-category-born-on-mechanisms-of-formation-cycles-of-recognition-and-the-looping-effect-of-national-trauma
#17
Galia Plotkin Amrami
This article explores the mechanisms underlying the formation of a new category in the Israeli therapeutic field-"national trauma." By comparing the two different paths of emergence of this category, the research reexamines the meaning of Hacking's concept "looping effect" and, in particular, the issue of awareness of the categorized individuals and the categorizing knowledge-producers to the effects of a categorization. This study demonstrates that the formation of "national trauma" is both an intentional product of the efforts and ideology of practitioners and an unintentional outcome of their scientific and interventional activities...
March 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233019/-the-expertness-of-his-healer-diagnosis-disclosure-and-the-power-of-a-profession
#18
Annemarie Jutel
Diagnosis is one of medicine's most important tools. It structures the relationship between patient and diagnostician, organises illness and provides access to resources. In this article, I reveal how the manner in which a serious diagnosis is revealed creates a kind of 'epistemic posture' reinforcing the power of medical knowledge, and contributing to medical authority. To achieve this, I explore historical material written by and for doctors about the disclosure of difficult diagnoses. Using historical data for sociological purposes follows Zerubavel, who asserts that phenomena should be studied across eras, media and cultures...
December 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232893/pharmacy-students-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-registration-trials-and-clinical-research-a-survey-in-a-japanese-university-hospital
#19
Natsuko Ise, Kenshi Takechi, Toshiko Miyamoto, Keisuke Ishizawa, Hiroaki Yanagawa
Clinical research plays a fundamental role in establishing new treatments. Clinical research coordinators are considered essential in clinical research, and medical professionals such as pharmacists often take on this role. Pharmacy students can be considered future candidates for this task. We used questionnaires to survey the knowledge of and attitudes toward registration trials and clinical research of pharmacy students at Tokushima University Hospital. All pharmacy students (103) to whom questionnaires were sent responded...
December 11, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232282/selected-food-herb-drug-interactions-mechanisms-and-clinical-relevance
#20
Cecilia N Amadi, Amaka A Mgbahurike
BACKGROUND: Food/Herb-drug interactions have become a major problem in health care. These interactions can lead to loss of therapeutic efficacy or toxic effects of drugs. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: To probe the clinical relevance of such interactions, the impact of food/herb intake on the clinical effects of drug administration has to be evaluated. Failure to identify and efficiently manage food-drug interactions can lead to serious consequences. A comprehensive knowledge of the mechanisms that underpin variability in disposition will help optimize therapy...
November 22, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
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