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professional knowledge

Carlos Frank Viga Ramos, Raimunda da Costa Araruna, Charlene Maria Ferreira de Lima, Carmen Lúcia Albuquerque de Santana, Luiza Hiromi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: to identify the factors that determine the implementation of educational practices of health promotion and to construct proposals to implement the educational actions of the nurses of the Family Health Units (FHU). METHOD: research-action in which individual interviews and focus group were conducted, with 17 nurses from 12 FHU in the city of Cruzeiro do Sul, Acre state, Brazil. The results were organized by the thematic analysis method. RESULTS: the thematic units emerged from the analysis: dichotomy between knowledge and doing in the production of care and health; the nurse's qualification for educational practices; and conditions favorable to health education practices...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Deybson Borba de Almeida, Gilberto Tadeu Reis da Silva, Genival Fernandes de Freitas, Maria Itayra Padilha, Igor Ferreira Borba de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the constituting knowledge of militant nurses in trade associations. METHOD: Historical research, based on the oral history method, with a qualitative approach carried out with 11 nurses who are/were militants for professional issues since the 1980s in the state of Bahia. The data collected through semi-structured interviews were organized in the software n-vivo 10 and analyzed based on dialectical hermeneutics. RESULTS: We identified pedagogical, administrative, public health, sociological, and trade union background knowledge as constituent of militant individuals...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Alcir Escocia Dorigatti, Bruno Monteiro Tavares Pereira, Romeo Lages Simões, Juliana Rodrigues Matsuguma, Thiago Rodrigues Araujo Calderan, Gustavo Pereira Fraga
OBJECTIVE: to compare the students' performance in face-to-face and telemedicine courses for the training and necessary action in disasters, using telemedicine as an effective training tool. METHODS: online research conducted after the end of the course of preparation in disasters, carried out in-person, as well as by videoconference. We compared the performance of students in the in-person course and through telemedicine. RESULTS: in the comparison of the results obtained with the pre- and post-test data between the students who attended via telemedicine and in-person, we observed that in the two modalities there was an increase in knowledge (p<0...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Eliana R Migowski, Nery Oliveira Júnior, Fernando Riegel, Sérgio A Migowski
AIM: To examine the association between interpersonal relationships, nursing leadership and patient safety culture and the impact on the efficiency of hospitals. BACKGROUND: Hospitals are still affected by the increased complexity of the treatments offered and by the diverse knowledge of professionals involved, which has made this assistance model ineffective, expensive and unsustainable over time. METHOD: A qualitative study of 32 professionals from three large hospitals in Southern Brazil was made...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Shaik Mohamed Shamsudeen, R Shanmuga Priya, Govindarajan Sujatha, J Muruganandhan, K Manikandan
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are considered the most commonly sold drugs in developing countries. In India, these drugs are very much accessible without a prescription. This irrational and misuse of antibiotics results not only in the emergence of resistance of bacterial strains but also leads to adverse reactions. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of antibiotics usage among dental patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: This study was a cross-sectional design; a prevalidated structured questionnaire comprising 24 questions was used...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Rupali J Limaye, Naheed Ahmed, Saori Ohkubo, Anne Ballard
BACKGROUND: To address unmet needs for family planning and advance women's rights, US federal foreign aid recipients must ensure compliance with the family planning legislative and policy requirements. Because many health providers work in rural and remote settings, blended learning, which combines in-person and online experiences, is a promising approach for strengthening their compliance knowledge. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined the effect of blended learning that included three components (online course, in-person training and conference call) on retention of family planning compliance knowledge...
April 2018: BMJ Sex Reprod Health
Chen Li, Ling Wang, Yuhai Zhang, Chanjuan Li, Yongyong Xu, Lei Shang, Jielai Xia
BACKGROUND: Biostatistics is a key but challenging subject in medical curricula that is usually delivered via a didactic approach in China. However, whether it is the best teaching approach to improve the learner's competency, especially for medical postgraduates is yet to be proved. Therefore, a block curriculum design was initially developed to provide selective education to the postgraduates towards the professional career of their interest. A questionnaire was designed to assess the students' perceptions toward biostatistics as these affective factors might impact the learning process...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mirana Randriambelonoro, Cheick-Oumar Bagayoko, Antoine Geissbuhler
This paper presents the evolution and growth of continuous medical education through the Réseau en Afrique Francophone pour la Télémédecine (RAFT) network. RAFT is a telemedicine network present on four continents and built through years of experience, with the goal of supporting isolated healthcare professionals by providing them with the right expertise at the right time using affordable, low-bandwidth technologies. Much more than a platform to share and exchange knowledge, RAFT has put in place a solid local infrastructure to ensure the sustainability and maintenance of the network...
June 19, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Melanie Kleynen, Anna Beurskens, Huub Olijve, Jip Kamphuis, Susy Braun
Learning motor skills is an essential part of most rehabilitation processes. Facilitating and supporting motor learning is particularly challenging in neurological rehabilitation: patients who suffer from neurological diseases experience both physical limitations and difficulties of cognition and communication that affect and/or complicate the motor learning process. Therapists (e.g. physiotherapists and occupational therapists) who work in neurorehabilitation are therefore continuously searching for the best way to facilitate patients during these intensive learning processes...
June 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Christina Petersson, Ramona Fust, Carina Hagstedt, Per Vågström, Åsa Nilsdotter-Augustinsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient-reported experiences of facilitated subcutaneous immunoglobulin treatment in adults with primary or secondary immunodeficiency. BACKGROUND: Decreased levels of circulating antibodies (humoral immunodeficiency) are often associated with higher infection rates which cause problems in daily living, for example symptoms of severe and recurrent bacterial infections that may cause chronic lung diseases. For some diagnoses, treatment with immunoglobulin becomes critical and life-long...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Pietro Apostoli, Jacopo Fostinelli
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to review the steps that the Italian Society Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene (SIMLII) has undertaken over the past two decades in the context of a process of integration with quality systems, resulting in several initiatives including the production of different tools for the updating and professional qualification of the Occupational Health Physician (OHP). METHODS: The choice of focusing on a propositional-formative model such as the guidelines (GL) and the choice of the topics to be dealt with, was based on the need to provide the OHP with appropriate tools in order to face the complexity, specificity and rapidity of knowledge evolution which characterize our discipline...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Floriana Caccamo, Simona Ghedin, Cristina Marogna
OBJECTIVES: Health workers, particularly those working in palliative care, are confronted daily with situations that increase stress and emotional fatigue, since constantly exposed to the disease and the death of patients. The proximity to the pain and the feelings of psychological suffering of patients submits them to a very intense emotional charge, making them susceptible to burnout. The skills required for those involved in this type of assistance are very specific and it is therefore necessary training that is aimed at providing the healthcare professional knowledge and basic skills, both professional and empathic, because the service is of good quality...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Rami A Elshatarat, Mohammed I Yacoub, Zyad T Saleh, Inas A Ebeid, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Majed S Al-Za'areer, Roqia S Maabreh
The current study addresses lack of knowledge about assessment and management of postpartum depression (PPD) among nurses and midwives in Saudi Arabia. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to recruit a convenience sample of 181 nurses and 143 midwives. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Nurses and midwives lacked knowledge about various aspects of PPD, including its definition, prevalence, symptoms, risk factors, screening tools, and treatment. Only one third of participants were confident in their ability to provide education for women about PPD...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Paolo Berretta, Adele Minutillo, Simona Pichini, Valeria Traverso, Giacomo Toth, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Roberta Da Rin Della Mora
INTRODUCTION: Ethanol is the most widely used drug worldwide. Its consumption has been increasing, and it is reported even during childbearing. Prenatal exposure to ethanol can lead to irreversible damages of the fetus. Knowledge about this risk could prevent these damages. There is no information about knowledge of the Italian students on this issue. METHODS: Therefore the aim of this study was to describe the awareness of the Italian students attending the last year of secondary school about risk of gestational alcohol drinking for the delivering mother and the fetus...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Nahed A Makhlouf, Shaimaa Arafat Abdel-Monem, Ahlam Mohamed Farghaly, Ahmed Helmy
BACKGROUND: In Egypt, there is no legislation for deceased donor transplant; therefore, programs provide living donation only. One possible barrier against living liver donation may be the attitude of the health-care professional. This study aimed to (1) assess the level of knowledge and attitude toward liver donation and transplantation among health-care professional in an University Hospital in Upper Egypt and (2) analyze the variables that affect such an attitude. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey study with 300 health-care professionals...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Norbert Král, Bohumil Seifert, Jan Kovář, Cyril Mucha, Jana Vojtíšková, Jáchym Bednár, Seifert Martin
Introduction: Although informal meetings of healthcare professionals in smaller groups are common in the area of primary care in the Czech Republic, the method of quality circles is not in wide use. The aim of our project is to use this method to help new general practitioners (GPs) when they take over a medical practice and to suggest measures to improve the organization and overall attractiveness of new practices, as well as patient satisfaction. Materials and Methods: For the purposes of this observation, an already existing informal group formed by healthcare professionals and their trainees was used...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Melaku Desta, Temesgen Ayenew, Nega Sitotaw, Nibretie Tegegne, Muluken Dires, Mulualem Getie
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections are a major global public health agenda. Health care workers are front line of protecting themselves and clients from infection. This study examined the knowledge and practice of healthcare workers on infection prevention and its associated factors among health professionals working at Debre Markos Referral Hospital. METHODS: A Hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted with a structured pre-tested questionnaire among 150 participants...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Lene Aasdahl, Vegard Stolsmo Foldal, Martin Inge Standal, Roger Hagen, Roar Johnsen, Marit Solbjør, Marius Steiro Fimland, Heidi Fossen, Chris Jensen, Gunnhild Bagøien, Vidar Halsteinli, Egil Andreas Fors
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI), mainly used and shown effective in health care (substance abuse, smoking cessation, increasing exercise and other life style changes), is a collaborative conversation (style) about change that could be useful for individuals having problems related to return to work (RTW). The aim of this paper is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of MI on RTW among sick listed persons compared to usual care, in a social security setting...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
Fatima Abbas, Bisher Sawaf, Ibrahem Hanafi, Mohammad Younis Hajeer, Mhd Ismael Zakaria, Wafaa Abbas, Fadi Alabdeh, Nazir Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Peer training has been identified as a useful tool for delivering undergraduate training in basic life support (BLS) which is fundamental as an initial response in cases of emergency. This study aimed to (1) Evaluate the efficacy of peer-led model in basic life support training among medical students in their first three years of study, compared to professional-led training and (2) To assess the efficacy of the course program and students' satisfaction of peer-led training...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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