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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092493/enhancing-collaborative-case-diagnoses-through-unified-medical-language-system-based-disambiguation-a-case-study-of-the-zika-virus
#1
Albert Moreira, Raúl Alonso-Calvo, Alberto Muñoz, José Crespo
BACKGROUND: During clinical case diagnoses, especially in low-resourced areas, the use of vocabularies within Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) can strengthen discussions between health professionals and, in certain cases, eliminate the need, enabling faster treatment. INTRODUCTION: This article presents the benefits of using UMLS as a collaborative discussion tool and verifies its impact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Sanar system has been improved by UMLS when using text retrieval to extract relevant medical concepts from cases investigated by the user and to provide contextualized searches of related articles...
January 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092419/improving-access-to-health-care-for-chronic-hepatitis-b-among-migrant-chinese-populations-a-systematic-mixed-methods-review-of-barriers-and-enablers
#2
Alicia Vedio, Eva Zhi Hong Liu, Andrew Ck Lee, Sarah Salway
Migrant Chinese populations in Western countries have a high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B but often experience poor access to healthcare and late diagnosis. This systematic review aimed to identify obstacles and supports to timely and appropriate health service use among these populations. Systematic searches resulted in 48 relevant studies published between 1996 and 2015. Data extraction and synthesis were informed by models of healthcare access that highlight the interplay of patient, provider and health system factors...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092316/expanded-newborn-screening-challenges-to-nicu-nurses
#3
Rachel A Joseph
BACKGROUND: Newborn screening programs provide testing for all newborns born in this country for conditions that can potentially cause death or disability. Currently each state is responsible for its programs and the number of disorders screened varies from state to state. The current universal recommended metabolic screening panel may include 32 to 58 disorders. Expansion of the programs has impacted the role of nurses in the neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Nurses are responsible for facilitating the screening process, educating the family, and assisting with follow-up...
January 12, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092169/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-management-of-acute-skin-trauma
#4
Joel W Beam, Bernadette Buckley, William R Holcomb, Mario Ciocca
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the cleansing, debridement, dressing, and monitoring of acute skin trauma in patients. BACKGROUND:   Acute skin trauma is common during participation in athletic and recreational activities. Clinical decisions and intervention protocols after injury vary among athletic trainers and are often based on ritualistic practices. An understanding of cleansing, debridement, and dressing techniques; clinical features of infection and adverse reactions; and monitoring of acute skin trauma is critical for certified athletic trainers and other allied health and medical professionals to create a local wound environment that promotes healing and lessens the risk of complications...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091963/pilot-test-of-survey-to-assess-dental-and-dental-hygiene-student-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-cancer-knowledge-perceptions-and-clinical-practices
#5
Holdunn Rutkoski, Brynn Fowler, Ryan Mooney, Lisa Pappas, Barbara L Dixon, Lilliam M Pinzon, James Winkler, Deanna Kepka
This was the first study to develop and pilot test an assessment tool for the examination of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) knowledge, perceptions, and clinical practices of oral health students. An interdisciplinary team developed the tool using surveys that examined this topic in other populations. The tool was then pilot tested at two different dental programs. Results from the pilot informed revisions to the final version of the tool. Of the 46 student participants, 18 were first-year dental hygiene and 28 were first-year dental students...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091962/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-on-breast-cancer-among-health-professionals-in-douala-references-hospitals-cameroon
#6
Charlotte Tchente Nguefack, Calvin N'djeudjui, Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang, Théophile Njamen Nana, Gregory Halle Ekane, Pierre-Marie Tebeu
In Cameroon, patients with breast cancer are more often diagnosed at stage III and IV, hence the need of preventives actions. Knowledge and attitude of medical personnel may influence their practice with regards to screening and early detection of breast cancer. Very few is known about this subject in Cameroon. The objective was to describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice of health care professionals on breast cancer risk factors, diagnostic methods, and screening. This was a cross-sectional study conducted during a 6-month period, among health professionals of Douala General Hospital and Laquintinie Hospital, Cameroon...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091711/anticholinergic-prescription-are-healthcare-professionals-the-real-burden
#7
George Araklitis, Ganesh Thiagamoorthy, Jo Hunter, Angie Rantell, Dudley Robinson, Linda Cardozo
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Anticholinergic medication is the medical treatment for overactive bladder (OAB). These drugs can act on the central nervous system and can lead to cognitive decline, dementia, and potentially death. Patients taking drugs with anticholinergic effects increase their anticholinergic burden-defined as the cumulative effect of taking one or more drugs that can have adverse effects. When prescribing anticholinergic medication for the elderly, we must choose the right drug...
January 13, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090750/professionals-views-on-mental-health-service-users-education-challenges-and-support
#8
I Nieminen, M Kaunonen
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health service users (MHSUs) may experience disruptions in their education. However, education has been shown to have a positive influence on their recovery, potentially offering them broader employment opportunities. The literature suggests that providing support for MHSUs in their educational efforts may be beneficial and is wished for by the service users themselves. However, there is a lack of mental health professionals' views on the topic in the setting of a community mental health centre...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090732/high-engagement-high-quality-a-guiding-framework-for-developing-empirically-informed-asynchronous-e-learning-programs-for-health-professional-educators
#9
Peter M Sinclair, Tracey Levett-Jones, Amanda Morris, Ben Carter, Paul N Bennett, Ashley Kable
E-learning involves the transfer of skills and knowledge via technology so that learners can access meaningful and authentic educational materials. While learner engagement is important, in the context of healthcare education, pedagogy must not be sacrificed for edu-tainment style instructional design. Consequently, health professional educators need to be competent in the use of current web-based educational technologies so that learners are able to access relevant and engaging e-learning materials without restriction...
January 16, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090715/health-care-professionals-knowledge-and-perception-of-pharmacovigilance-in-a-tertiary-care-teaching-hospital-in-amman-jordan
#10
Khawla Abu Hammour, Faris El-Dahiyat, Rana Abu Farha
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Underreporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by health care professionals is a common inherent health problem encountered in many countries. This could be explained by the lack of awareness and knowledge about the guidelines to follow to identify and report ADRs. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the awareness, knowledge, and perceptions among medical doctors and nurses regarding their role as ADRs reporters in Jordan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2015 to January 2016 at the Jordan University Hospital in Amman...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090105/student-knowledge-skills-and-self-efficacy-gains-after-completing-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-in-geriatrics
#11
Krista L Donohoe, Aulbrey G Drisaldi, Fawaz M Alotaibi, Tabatha N Bonas, Edward M Shibley, Patricia W Slattum
Objective. To assess changes in pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy after completing an advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in geriatrics. Design. During the 2013-2014 academic year, 30 Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) School of Pharmacy students were required to complete a 5-week Geriatrics APPE at Plaza Professional Pharmacy in Richmond, Virginia. All students completed a 25-point knowledge-based pre- and post-assessment to measure students' self-efficacy. The average time required to accurately fill one unit dose prescription card before and after completing the APPE was also evaluated...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089108/-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-nurses-about-the-management-of-patients-with-insomnia
#12
María Clara Vidal-Thomàs, Beatriz Yañez-Amoros, Isabel Torrens, Elena Torres-Solera, Magdalena Esteva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge, attitudes, and performance of primary care nurses in the management of patients with insomnia. METHODS: Descriptive study. An online questionnaire was sent to all primary care nurses of the Majorca Primary Care Department between June-July 2014. MEASUREMENTS: sociodemographic variables, professional characteristics, tuition, usual clinical practice in the management of patients with insomnia. RESULTS: 138 nurses answered the questionnaire (47%)...
January 6, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088780/national-survey-of-china-s-oncologists-knowledge-attitudes-and-clinical-practice-patterns-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#13
Geliang Yang, Richard Lee, Huiqing Zhang, Wei Gu, Peiying Yang, Changquan Ling
It is common for cancer patients to use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study was designed to explore China's oncologists' knowledge, attitudes and clinical practices regarding CAM use by their patients. An online survey was conducted of China's oncologists. Among 11,270 participants who completed the online survey, 6,007 (53.3%) were identified as oncologists. Most were men (75.2%), with a mean age of 33.4 (standard deviation: 6.5) years. The 6,007 oncologists discussed with 36.5% of their patients about CAM...
January 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087169/antibiotic-knowledge-and-self-medication-practices-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Antoun Jamhour, Ammar El-Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Pierre Abi Hanna, Hanine Mansour
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is identified by the World Health Organization as a major factor leading to antibiotics overuse, misuse and resistance. This study's objectives were to evaluate the knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics in a sample of the population of Lebanon. METHODS: This study surveyed a sample of adults (over 18 years of age) residing in 2 major cities in Lebanon about their knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics. Health care professionals were excluded from the study...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#15
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079901/the-clinical-utility-of-dna-based-screening-for-fetal-aneuploidy-by-primary-obstetrical-care-providers-in-the-general-pregnancy-population
#16
Glenn E Palomaki, Edward M Kloza, Barbara M O'Brien, Elizabeth E Eklund, Geralyn M Lambert-Messerlian
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical utility of cell-free DNA (cfDNA)-based screening for aneuploidies offered through primary obstetrical care providers to a general pregnancy population. METHODS: Patient educational materials were developed and validated and providers were trained. Serum was collected for reflexive testing of cfDNA failures. Providers and patients were surveyed concerning knowledge, decision making, and satisfaction. Pregnancy outcome was determined by active or passive ascertainment...
January 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079787/oral-and-vulvo-vaginal-lichenoid-reactions-due-to-mitotane-lysodren-a-case-report
#17
Arthur Schmouchkovitch, Héloïse Herry, Philippe Thuillier, Véronique Kerlan, Camille Fleuret, Guy Le Toux, Sylvie Boisramé
BACKGROUND: The purpose of pharmacovigilance (drug safety) is collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects with pharmaceutical products. It is meant to identify, characterize, prevent, or minimize actual or potential risks relating to medicinal products. To prevent these adverse effects and improve our practice, health professionals have a duty to report side effects to assess this risk and evaluate the benefit/risk requirements. Mitotane (Lysodren) is used for treating adrenocortical carcinoma...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079642/an-evaluation-of-a-competency-based-public-health-training-program-for-public-health-professionals-in-kansas
#18
Kyrah K Brown, JʼVonnah Maryman, Tracie Collins
CONTEXT: Less than one-third of the US public health workforce has formal training in public health. Academic-public health agency partnerships aimed at addressing the nation's workforce challenges have shown great promise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a piloted competency-based public health training program formed out of an academic-public health agency partnership. DESIGN: Mixed-methods design using pre- and postworkshop surveys and quizzes, open-ended questions, and document review...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078441/-palliative-care-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-about-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-of-nursing-staff
#19
O Kada, H Janig, G Pinter, K Cernic, R Likar
BACKGROUND: Nursing homes are confronted more and more with palliative care patients, which present a challenge for nursing and medical personnel. Deficits in the palliative care of geriatric patients have been repeatedly demonstrated and many nursing home residents, especially those suffering from dementia, are undersupplied regarding pain management. OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out to measure the knowledge and self-efficacy of nursing staff in the province of Carinthia (Austria) regarding palliative care of nursing home residents...
January 11, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077905/biomedical-scientific-and-professional-social-networks-in-the-service-of-the-development-of-modern-scientific-publishing
#20
Izet Masic, Edin Begic
Information technologies have found their application in virtually every branch of health care. In recent years they have demonstrated their potential in the development of online library, where scientists and researchers can share their latest findings. Academia.edu, ResearchGate, Mendeley, Kudos, with the support of platform GoogleScholar, have indeed increased the visibility of scientific work of one author, and enable a much greater availability of the scientific work to the broader audience. Online libraries have allowed free access to the scientific content to the countries that could not follow the economic costs of getting access to certain scientific bases...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
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