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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650843/can-canmeds-competencies-be-developed-in-medical-school-anatomy-laboratories-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Joshua Hefler, Christopher J Ramnanan
Objectives: The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. Methods: A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649999/-the-relationship-between-emotional-labor-and-professional-burnout-a-comparative-analysis-between-work-of-teachers-and-employees-of-commercial-service-sector
#2
Agnieszka Springer, Karolina Oleksa
BACKGROUND: Nowadays more and more employees are required to perform emotional labor (EL) which means that they need to express emotions set by the organizational procedures, simultaneously masking the true feelings. Employees, while performing emotional labor, choose between one of the two strategies (surface acting or deep acting) and this leads to e.g., burnout. As the performance of emotional labor and its consequences depend on the specification of work and chosen strategy, it was assumed that the consequences of EL may be different for workers in various occupations...
June 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648386/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-cardiovascular-disease-in%C3%A2-women-the-women-s-heart-alliance
#3
C Noel Bairey Merz, Holly Andersen, Emily Sprague, Adam Burns, Mark Keida, Mary Norine Walsh, Phyllis Greenberger, Susan Campbell, Irene Pollin, Cassandra McCullough, Nancy Brown, Marjorie Jenkins, Rita Redberg, Paula Johnson, British Robinson
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number 1 killer of women in the United States, yet few younger women are aware of this fact. CVD campaigns focus little attention on physicians and their roles in assessing risk. OBJECTIVES: In 2014, the Women's Heart Alliance (WHA) conducted a nationwide survey to determine barriers and opportunities for women and physicians with regard to CVD. METHODS: From September 18 to 26, 2014, a total of 1,011 U...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648191/-the-fight-against-addictive-behaviour-in-france
#4
Dominique Le Bœuf
The French inter-ministerial mission for the fight against drugs and addictive behaviour (MILDECA) is responsible for coordinating the campaign against drugs and addictive practices. Thanks to a medical concept of these phenomena which has evolved towards a very broad definition of 'addictive practices', public policies are increasingly orientated towards prevention and health education. Specific structures and tools are available to health professionals to help improve their knowledge and the provision of care in this field...
June 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646546/community-mental-health-work-negotiating-support-of-users-recovery
#5
Nina Petersen Reed, Staffan Josephsson, Sissel Alsaker
Mental health services have changed over the past decades through an increased emphasis on deinstitutionalization and normalization, and with recovery processes situated in everyday life as a new locus of support. These changes have led to a need for new knowledge and methods concerning the provision of community mental health services. The aim of the present study was to explore how community mental health workers provide support to users, by investigating professionals' own narratives of how they work. Seven community mental health workers participated in narrative interviews, which were subject to a qualitative, interpretive analysis...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646362/-theories-of-social-work-and-geriatrics
#6
Kirsten Aner
Medical practitioners commonly do not have much knowledge of the professional side of social workers, even those that work together in a geriatric team. The current article aims to further this knowledge and to show that the potentials of social work support may exceed administration, as well as in the consultation of patients by so-called social workers in hospitals. These potentials are not empirically reasoned, instead social pedagogic theories are used for support of this argument. Three theories will be introduced as examples and furthermore, the possible meaning this has for geriatric medicine will be explained by means of a case example...
June 23, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#7
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644780/avoiding-racial-essentialism-in-medical-science-curricula
#8
Lundy Braun, Barry Saunders
A wave of medical student activism is shining a spotlight on medical educators' sometimes maladroit handling of racial categories in teaching about health disparities. Coinciding with recent critiques, primarily by social scientists, regarding the imprecise and inappropriate use of race as a biological or epidemiological risk factor in genetics research, medical student activism has triggered new collaborations among students, faculty, and administrators to rethink how race is addressed in the medical curriculum...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644369/european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-s-educational-offer-and-the-training-syllabus
#9
Marco Maglione, Daniela Finizio, Gabor Veres, Tudor Lucian Pop, Grazia Isabella Continisio, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Alfredo Guarino
The basic knowledge necessary for a European pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist/nutritionist (PGHN) is set-out in the Training Syllabus (TS) of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN).We retrospectively compared the topics covered in ESPGHAN's training events between 2013 and 2016 with the basic knowledge TS items.Thirty-six initiatives including e-learning were identified. Twelve (33%) courses focused on gastroenterology, 9 (25%) on hepatology, and 10 (28%) on nutrition...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644300/breathlessness-in-the-primary-care-setting
#10
Noel Baxter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Breathlessness is a high-volume problem with 10% of adults experiencing the symptom daily placing a heavy burden on the health and wider economy. As it worsens, they enter the specialist and hospital-based symptom services where costs quickly escalate and people may find themselves in a place not of their choosing. For many, their care will be delivered by a disease or organ specialist and can find themselves passing between physicians without coordination for symptom support...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643527/supporting-occupational-therapists-implementing-a-capacity-building-model-in-schools
#11
Nancy A Pollock, Leah Dix, Sandra Sahagian Whalen, Wenonah N Campbell, Cheryl A Missiuna
BACKGROUND: Adopting a new model of clinical practice is complex. Professional development programs based on best-practice principles may facilitate this process. PURPOSE: This paper describes the development and evaluation of a multifaceted professional development program designed to support school-based occupational therapists to deliver a capacity-building model of service. METHOD: Twenty-two therapists participated in the program; completed pre-post evaluations of knowledge, skills, and beliefs; evaluated specific components of the training program; and participated in focus groups...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643399/distributed-health-literacy-among-people-living-with-type-2-diabetes-in-portugal-defining-levels-of-awareness-and-support
#12
Liliana Abreu, João Arriscado Nunes, Peter Taylor, Susana Silva
This study embraces a patient-centred and narrative-oriented notion of health literacy, exploring how social networks and personal experiences constitute distributed health literacy (DHL) by mapping out health literacy mediators of each individual and how they enable self-management skills and knowledge of health conditions. Semi-structured interviews with 26 patients with type 2 diabetes were conducted in a Primary Care Center of Porto (Portugal) from October 2014 to December 2015. Data were collected based on McGill Illness Narrative Interview (MINI)...
June 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643363/oral-cancer-screening-practices-of-canadian-dental-hygienists
#13
A K Clarke, N Kobagi, M N Yoon
PURPOSE: This study investigates whether dental hygienists are routinely conducting oral cancer screenings (OCSs) as per their professional capability and responsibility. Factors that may mediate provision of OCSs, and ability to discuss sensitive topics with patients, are also examined. METHODS: A pretested online questionnaire was sent via national and provincial regulatory bodies to target practicing registered dental hygienists across Canada. Analysis was conducted using statistical software...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642727/-learning-science-is-about-facts-and-language-learning-is-about-being-discursive-an-empirical-investigation-of-students-disciplinary-beliefs-in-the-context-of-argumentation
#14
Patricia Heitmann, Martin Hecht, Ronny Scherer, Julia Schwanewedel
Argumentation is considered crucial in numerous disciplines in schools and universities because it constitutes an important proficiency in peoples' daily and professional lives. However, it is unclear whether argumentation is understood and practiced in comparable ways across disciplines. This study consequently examined empirically how students perceive argumentation in science and (first) language lessons. Specifically, we investigated students' beliefs about the relevance of discourse and the role of facts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642352/management-of-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#15
REVIEW
Colin P Derdeyn, Gregory J Zipfel, Felipe C Albuquerque, Daniel L Cooke, Edward Feldmann, Jason P Sheehan, James C Torner
PURPOSE: The aim of this statement is to review the current data and to make suggestions for the diagnosis and management of both ruptured and unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations. METHODS: The writing group met in person and by teleconference to establish search terms and to discuss narrative text and suggestions. Authors performed their own literature searches of PubMed, Medline, or Embase, specific to their allocated section, through the end of January 2015...
June 22, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642040/global-geriatric-oncology-achievements-and-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Nienke A de Glas, Tina Hsu, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Christopher Steer, Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Nicolo Matteo Luca Battisti, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Anita O'Donovan, Jose Alberto Avila-Funes, Arti Hurria
The aging of the population is a global challenge. The number of older adults is rapidly growing, leading to an increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases associated with aging, such as cancer. Worldwide, older adults account for approximately half of all cancer cases, and this proportion is projected to increase globally. Furthermore, the majority of older adults live in less developed regions, where health systems are generally ill-equipped to provide care for complex chronic conditions. Worldwide, there is paucity of geriatric training, and most of the oncology workforce lacks the skills and knowledge to provide comprehensive care for older patients...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641585/cancer-bereaved-siblings-positive-and-negative-memories-and-experiences-of-illness-and-death-a-nationwide-follow-up
#17
Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Malin Lövgren, Alexandra Eilegård Wallin, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore bereaved siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of their brother's or sister's illness and death. METHOD: In our nationwide Swedish study, 174 of 240 (73%) bereaved siblings participated, and 70% responded to two open-ended statements, which focused on siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of illness and death. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The bereaved siblings' responses were categorized into four different themes: (1) endurance versus vulnerability, (2) family cohesion versus family conflicts, (3) growth versus stagnation, and (4) professional support versus lack of professional support...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641062/the-difficulty-of-being-a-professional-a-parent-and-a-spouse-on-the-same-day-daily-spillover-of-workplace-interactions-on-parenting-and-the-role-of-spousal-support
#18
Kaisa Malinen, Anna Rönkä, Eija Sevón, Dominik Schoebi
Designing parenting interventions and preventions requires knowledge on the factors and processes that shape parenting behaviors. Using data collected over 10 days, during the last hour of work and before going to bed, this study examined the spillover of interpersonal work stresses into positive and negative parenting behaviors. Data were collected among 103 couples who had at least one child between the age of one and eight years. Of particular interest was the role of received emotional spousal support as a moderator of stress spillover...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640962/awareness-of-suicide-risk-and-communication-between-health-care-professionals-and-next-of-kin-of-suicides-in-the-month-before-suicide
#19
Brian Draper, Karolina Krysinska, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
Based on psychological autopsy data, the study compared awareness of suicide risk in the deceased among next-of-kin (NOK) and health care professionals (HCPs), and communication between these two groups in the month before death. The NOKs had significantly more knowledge about the decedent's suicide warning signs than the HCPs (90.5% vs. 44.6%). Contact between NOK and HCP was initiated more often by the family than the HCPs (29.4% vs. 5.9%). The study found communication gaps between HCPs and NOK and stresses the need for suicide prevention strategies strengthening communication between these two groups...
June 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640768/perceptions-of-cardiology-administrators-about-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-south-america-and-the-caribbean
#20
Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Raquel Britto, Thaianne Cavalcante Servio, Claudia Victoria Anchique Santos, Rosalia Fernandez, Eduardo Rivas-Estany, Claudio Santibañez, Graciela Gonzalez, Gerard Burdiat, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Artur Haddad Herdy, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs can address the cardiovascular disease epidemic in South America. However, there are factors limiting CR access at the patient, provider, and system levels. The latter 2 have not been extensively studied. The objective of this study was to investigate cardiology administrator's awareness and knowledge of CR and perceptions regarding resources for CR. METHODS: This study was cross-sectional and observational in design...
July 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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