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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679153/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recognizing-personal-mental-illness-and-seeking-help-a-prospective-study-among-untreated-persons-with-mental-illness
#1
Georg Schomerus, Susanne Stolzenburg, Simone Freitag, Sven Speerforck, Deborah Janowitz, Sara Evans-Lacko, Holger Muehlan, Silke Schmidt
It is unclear to what extent failure to recognize symptoms as potential sign of a mental illness is impeding service use, and how stigmatizing attitudes interfere with this process. In a prospective study, we followed a community sample of 188 currently untreated persons with mental illness (predominantly depression) over 6 months. We examined how lack of knowledge, prejudice and discrimination impacted on self-identification as having a mental illness, perceived need, intention to seek help, and help-seeking, both with respect to primary care (visiting a general practitioner, GP) and specialist care (seeing a mental health professional, MHP)...
April 20, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678805/mobile-health-to-maintain-continuity-of-patient-centered-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-content-analysis-of-apps
#2
Ying-Li Lee, Yan-Yan Cui, Ming-Hsiang Tu, Yu-Chi Chen, Polun Chang
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem with a high economic burden, which is particularly prevalent in Taiwan. Mobile health apps have been widely used to maintain continuity of patient care for various chronic diseases. To slow the progression of CKD, continuity of care is vital for patients' self-management and cooperation with health care professionals. However, the literature provides a limited understanding of the use of mobile health apps to maintain continuity of patient-centered care for CKD...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#3
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678377/introducing-a-curriculum-in-ethics-and-professionalism-for-dermatology-residencies
#4
EDITORIAL
Benjamin K Stoff, Jane M Grant-Kels, Robert T Brodell, Amy S Paller, Clifford S Perlis, Eliot Mostow, David Pariser, Lionel Bercovitch
There is general agreement on what constitutes ethical reasoning and professional behavior, but standardized methods to teach these skills in dermatology residency are currently unavailable. We introduce a model curriculum designed to impart the knowledge and skills to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Dermatology Milestones for Professionalism over a 3-year cycle.
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678189/accepting-telemedicine-in-a-circulatory-medicine-ward-in-major-hospitals-in-south-korea-patients-and-health-professionals-perception-of-real-time-electrocardiogram-monitoring
#5
Seo-Joon Lee, Tae-Young Jung, Tae-Ro Lee, Jae-Hoon Han
BACKGROUND: South Korean government is currently in progress of expanding the coverage of telemedicine projects as part of an attempt to vitalize service industry, but is facing fierce opposition from KMA. Practice of telemedicine requires sufficient discussions among related parties. Although the participation of medical specialists is important, agreement from the public is essential. METHODS: Three main tertiary care centers in Seoul were selected for data collection...
April 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678188/doing-battle-with-the-monster-how-high-risk-heterosexuals-experience-and-successfully-manage-hiv-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-hiv-testing
#6
Marya Gwadz, Noelle R Leonard, Sylvie Honig, Robert Freeman, Alexandra Kutnick, Amanda S Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Annual HIV testing is recommended for populations at-risk for HIV in the United States, including heterosexuals geographically connected to urban high-risk areas (HRA) with elevated rates of HIV prevalence and poverty, who are primarily African American/Black or Hispanic. Yet this subpopulation of "individuals residing in HRA" (IR-HRA) evidence low rates of regular HIV testing. HIV stigma is a recognized primary barrier to testing, in part due to its interaction with other stigmatized social identities...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678074/a-synthesis-of-students-theses-in-the-accredited-hhsi-master-s-programme
#7
Ulla-Mari Kinnunen, Kaija Saranto
Education in Health Informatics (HI) has been a key priority to guarantee knowledge and skills for professionals working in healthcare settings. One of the early academic models to teach HI are the recommendations provided by the International Medical Informatics Association. The paper describes the curriculum developed for master's degrees and the status of a paradigm used in informatics education, as well as research in the health and human services fields. The aim is to synthesise the methodological focuses in students' theses and discuss the future needs for development...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678071/ready-for-hit-innovations-developing-a-tool-to-assess-the-professionalism-of-information-management-in-hospitals
#8
Jan-David Liebe, Moritz Esdar, Franziska Jahn, Ursula Hübner
Current frameworks postulate the success of health IT innovations to be determined by the professionalism of the information management (PIM). Still, empirical knowledge about PIM is scarce up until today. This study seeks to answer three research questions: (1.) How can PIM be measured in a reliable and valid way, (2.) how pronounced is PIM in German hospitals and (3.) do hospital characteristics have an impact on the degree of PIM? Based on the results of an expert workshop and frameworks for information management (IM) items for a PIM inventory were developed and the inventory sent to 1349 chief information officers of German hospitals...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677995/signal-detection-for-baclofen-in-web-forums-a-preliminary-study
#9
Pierre Karapetiantz, Bissan Audeh, Agnès Lillo-Le Louët, Cedric Bousquet
Web forums are proposed as a new complementary source of knowledge to spontaneous reports by patients and healthcare professionals due to underreporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Some authors suggest that signal detection could be a convenient method for gathering mentions of ADRs in patients' posts. Signal detection methods were proposed to mine pharmacovigilance databases, but little is known about their applicability to web forums. We describe a method implementing several traditional decision rules on signal detection with baclofen applied to a set of more than 6 million posts...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677579/factors-underlying-perceptions-of-community-care-and-other-healthcare-areas-in-first-year-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-focus-group-study
#10
Margriet van Iersel, Corine H M Latour, Marjon van Rijn, Rien de Vos, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing labour market shortage of well-educated community nurses, few baccalaureate nursing students choose for a career in community care. Obtaining knowledge of how students perceive healthcare areas early in their education is important to take meaningful steps in counteracting any existing misconceptions with targeted curriculum redesign. OBJECTIVE: Determination of factors underlying perceptions of healthcare areas in first-year baccalaureate nursing students...
April 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677057/newborn-resuscitation-skills-in-health-care-providers-at-a-zambian-tertiary-center-and-comparison-to-world-health-organization-standards
#11
Sara C Mistry, Richard Lin, Hazel Mumphansha, Laura C Kettley, Janaki A Pearson, Sonia Akrimi, David J Mayne, Wonder Hangoma, M Dylan Bould
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is a leading cause of early neonatal death. In 2013, 32% of neonatal deaths in Zambia were attributable to birth asphyxia and trauma. Basic, timely interventions are key to improving outcomes. However, data from the World Health Organization suggest that resuscitation is often not initiated, or is conducted suboptimally. Currently, there are little data on the quality of newborn resuscitation in the context of a tertiary center in a lower-middle income country...
April 17, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676216/developing-a-compassionate-culture-within-pediatric-rehabilitation-does-the-schwartz-rounds%C3%A2-support-both-clinical-and-nonclinical-hospital-workers-in-managing-their-work-experiences
#12
Keith Adamson, Sonia Sengsavang, Sakeena Myers-Halbig, Nancy Searl
Schwartz Rounds™ offers an interprofessional forum for staff to openly engage in discussions about social-emotional aspects of care. We aimed to assess the perceived impact of Rounds in the health care context of pediatric rehabilitation, as well as a comparative analysis of how Rounds affected clinical versus nonclinical staff. Does effect on perceived outcomes was also investigated. Data were collected from 29 hospital staff (15 clinicians, 14 nonclinicians) who attended one, two, or three+ Rounds via semistructured interviews...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675851/fall-prevention-in-central-coast-community-pharmacies
#13
G M Stuart, H L Kale
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Fall injuries among people aged 65 years and over (older people) cause substantial health decline and cost to the health system. In 2009 in New South Wales 25.6% of older people fell in the previous year, and 10.7% (32,000) were hospitalised. Pharmacists are trusted professionals, who interact extensively with older people and have potential to augment fall prevention in pharmacies. This brief report describes how professional development improved pharmacist's knowledge and confidence in fall prevention, encouraged implementation of fall prevention plans, and facilitated provision of brief fall prevention interventions for older clients, after identification of fall risk...
April 19, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675415/practical-and-ethical-aspects-of-advance-research-directives-for-research-on-healthy-aging-german-and-israeli-professionals-perspectives
#14
Perla Werner, Silke Schicktanz
Background: Healthy aging is the development and maintenance of optimal cognitive, social and physical well-being, and function in older adults. Preventing or minimizing disease is one of the main ways of achieving healthy aging. Dementia is one of the most prevalent and life-changing diseases of old age. Thus, dementia prevention research is defined as one of the main priorities worldwide. However, conducting research with persons who lack the capacity to give consent is a major ethical issue...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674796/prescriber-and-dispenser-perceptions-about-antibiotic-use-in-acute-uncomplicated-childhood-diarrhea-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-in-new-delhi-qualitative-study
#15
Anita Kotwani, P C Joshi, Urmila Jhamb, Kathleen Holloway
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to explore the prescribing practices, knowledge, and attitudes of primary care doctors and community pharmacists, regarding antibiotic use in acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and diarrhea in children to better understand causes of misuse and identify provider suggestions to change such behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two focus group discussions (FGDs) each were conducted with primary care government doctors (GDs), private general practitioners (GPs), pediatricians, and community pharmacists in Delhi...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674371/automation-of-ct-based-haemorrhagic-stroke-assessment-for-improved-clinical-outcomes-study-protocol-and-design
#16
Betty Chinda, George Medvedev, William Siu, Martin Ester, Ali Arab, Tao Gu, Sylvain Moreno, Ryan C N D'Arcy, Xiaowei Song
INTRODUCTION: Haemorrhagic stroke is of significant healthcare concern due to its association with high mortality and lasting impact on the survivors' quality of life. Treatment decisions and clinical outcomes depend strongly on the size, spread and location of the haematoma. Non-contrast CT (NCCT) is the primary neuroimaging modality for haematoma assessment in haemorrhagic stroke diagnosis. Current procedures do not allow convenient NCCT-based haemorrhage volume calculation in clinical settings, while research-based approaches are yet to be tested for clinical utility; there is a demonstrated need for developing effective solutions...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674107/the-economics-of-private-practice-versus-academia-in-surgery
#17
Maria Baimas-George, Brian Fleischer, James R Korndorffer, Douglas Slakey, Christopher DuCoin
OBJECTIVE: Residents often make career decisions regarding future practice without adequate knowledge to the realities of professional life. Currently there is a paucity of data regarding economic differences between practice models. This study seeks to illuminate the financial differences of surgical subspecialties between academic and private practice. DESIGN: Data were collected from the Association of American Medical College (AAMC) and the Medical Group Management Association's (MGMA) 2015 reports of average annual salaries...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673346/elements-for-harnessing-participatory-action-research-to-strengthen-health-managers-capacity-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#18
REVIEW
Moses Tetui, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Suzanne N Kiwanuka, Anna-Britt Coe
BACKGROUND: Health managers play a key role in ensuring that health services are responsive to the needs of the population. Participatory action research (PAR) is one of the approaches that have been used to strengthen managers' capacity. However, collated knowledge on elements for harnessing PAR to strengthen managers' capacity is missing. This paper bridges this gap by reviewing existing literature on the subject matter. METHODS: A critical interpretive synthesis method was used to interrogate eight selected articles...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672746/tcbh-duncan-tanner-essay-prize-winner-2017-the-progress-of-a-slogan-youth-culture-and-the-shaping-of-everyday-political-languages-in-late-1940s-britain
#19
David Cowan
In 1948, worried that young people would take full employment and the welfare state for granted, the Labour Party trialled a new slogan: 'Ask your Dad'. This slogan encouraged the young to learn about the hardships which their parents had experienced in the inter-war years, largely under Conservative governments. Using archived interviews and letters sent to the press, this article provides the first study of the popular reception of this slogan. Most people had not heard of this slogan, and most of those who had heard of the phrase showed no knowledge that it was associated with politics, turning instead to popular culture...
April 17, 2018: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671920/who-said-dialogue-conversations-are-easy-the-communication-between-communication-vulnerable-people-and-health-care-professionals-a-qualitative-study
#20
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Uta R Roentgen, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J H M Beurskens
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into how communication vulnerable people and health-care professionals experience the communication in dialogue conversations, and how they adjust their conversation using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) or other communication strategies. METHODS: Communication vulnerable clients and health-care professionals in a long-term care institution were observed during a dialogue conversation (n = 11) and subsequently interviewed (n = 22) about their experiences with the conversation...
April 19, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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