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professional attitudes

Søren Kudsk-Iversen, Naomi Shamambo, M Dylan Bould
The majority of the world's population lacks access to safe, timely, and affordable surgical care. Although there is a health workforce crisis across the board in the poorest countries in the world, anesthesia is disproportionally affected. This article explores some of the key issues that must be tackled to strengthen the anesthesia workforce in low- and lower-middle-income countries. First, we need to increase the overall number of safe anesthesia providers to match a huge burden of disease, particularly in the poorest countries in the world and in remote and rural areas...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Laura M Wagner, Mary A Dolansky, Robert Englander
BACKGROUND: Further efforts are warranted to identify innovative approaches to best implement competencies in nursing education. To bridge the gap between competency-based education, practice, and implementation of knowledge, skills, and attitudes, one emerging approach is entrustable professional activities (EPAs). PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to introduce the concept of EPAs as a framework for curriculum and assessment in graduate nursing education and training...
November 22, 2017: Nursing Outlook
Schirin Akhbari Ziegler, Tineke Dirks, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: Coaching is en vogue in pediatric physiotherapy, but often applied rather unspecific and undefined. METHODS: This paper aims to describe coaching in early physiotherapy intervention, taking the specific coaching approach of the family-centered program "COPing with and CAring for infants with special needs" (COPCA) as a case in point. RESULTS: The theoretical underpinnings of coaching in COPCA, including a meta-model, family-centered practice, the Neuronal Group Selection Theory and the goal-oriented coaching approach, are discussed...
March 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mehmet F Aydın, Emre Adıgüzel, Hakan Güzel
To determine the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and awareness for risk factors associated with cystic echinococcosis (CE) among animal breeders, nurses, nursing students, dietitians, food professionals and other public groups in Turkey. Methods: Questionnaire forms were prepared in compliance with the individuals' diversity, and a survey was created about agents, transmission modes, epidemiology, treatment, and risk factors for CE. The descriptive survey was performed between May 2015 and May 2016 by face-to-face communication...
March 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Nicole Stone, Cynthia Graham, Sydney Anstee, Katherine Brown, Katie Newby, Roger Ingham
Background: Condoms remain the main protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs) when used correctly and consistently. Yet, there are many reported barriers to their use such as negative attitudes, reduced sexual pleasure, fit-and-feel problems and erection difficulties. The UK home-based intervention strategy (HIS-UK) is a behaviour change condom promotion intervention for use among young men (aged 16-25 years) designed to increase condom use by enhancing enjoyment of condom-protected intercourse...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
G Ström, S Boqvist, A Albihn, L-L Fernström, A Andersson Djurfeldt, S Sokerya, T Sothyra, U Magnusson
Background: Administration of antimicrobials to food-producing animals is regarded as a major contributor to the overall emergence of resistance in bacteria worldwide. However, few data are available on global antimicrobial use and resistance (AMR) in livestock, especially from low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We conducted a structured survey of 91 small-scale pig farms in the urban and peri-urban areas of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, to assess the farmers' knowledge, attitudes and practices related to antimicrobial use in their pig production...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Mami Miyasaka, Shogo Kajimura, Michio Nomura
Recent research has shown high rates of comorbidity between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and difficulties regarding differential diagnosis. Unlike those in Western countries, the Japanese ADHD prevalence rate is lower relative to that of ASD. This inconsistency could have occurred because of cultural diversities among professionals such as physicians. However, little is known about attitudes toward ADHD and ASD in non-Western cultural contexts. We conducted two experiments to identify biases in ASD and ADHD assessment...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Redhouane Abdellaoui, Pierre Foulquié, Nathalie Texier, Carole Faviez, Anita Burgun, Stéphane Schück
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is a major impediment to the management of many health conditions. A better understanding of the factors underlying noncompliance to treatment may help health professionals to address it. Patients use peer-to-peer virtual communities and social media to share their experiences regarding their treatments and diseases. Using topic models makes it possible to model themes present in a collection of posts, thus to identify cases of noncompliance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect messages describing patients' noncompliant behaviors associated with a drug of interest...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
David E Newman-Toker, J Matthew Austin, Jordan Derk, Melissa Danforth, Mark L Graber
BACKGROUND: A 2015 National Academy of Medicine report on improving diagnosis in health care made recommendations for direct action by hospitals and health systems. Little is known about how health care provider organizations are addressing diagnostic safety/quality. METHODS: This study is an anonymous online survey of safety professionals from US hospitals and health systems in July-August 2016. The survey was sent to those attending a Leapfrog Group webinar on misdiagnosis (n=188)...
June 27, 2017: Diagnosis
Isabelle Dibu Mulango, Julius Atashili, Bradley N Gaynes, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Mental health and mental illness are often overlooked in the management of patients in our health services. Depression is a common mental disorder worldwide. Recognising and managing mental illnesses such as depression by primary health care providers (PHCPs) is crucial. This study describes the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of PHCPs regarding depression in Fako Division. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among PHCPs (general practitioners, nurses, pharmacy attendants and social workers) in public-owned health facilities in the four health districts in Fako Division...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Dragana Milutinović, Robert Lovrić, Dragana Simin
BACKGROUND: There is an implicit expectation for medical sciences students to work together effectively as members of health-care team, and interprofessional education is therefore widely accepted. Students' attitudes, which are affected by various factors, have been recognized as the most important predictors of successful implementation of interprofessional education with the aim of developing collaborative practice. The Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale has often been used in studies to measure these perspectives...
March 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Nurten Terkes, Ferya Celik, Hicran Bektas
AIM: The use of technology is increasingly important in nursing education and practice. For this reason, it is necessary to determine the attitudes of nursing students towards technology. METHODS: This study was conducted with 508 nursing students. A personal information form that was prepared by the researchers and the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale were used as the data collection tools. RESULTS: The mean score that was obtained by the nursing students from the Attitudes Toward Technology Scale was 61...
March 11, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
Stephanie Sogg, Allison Grupski, John B Dixon
Language is powerful. Our words convey our impressions, attitudes, and worldview. Language not only reflects, but also shapes, the way that we think. In the field of bariatric-metabolic surgery, it is critical for clinicians to choose our language thoughtfully. In this paper, we demonstrate the importance of language choices in our clinical work and our professional communications; explore the potential pitfalls of words and phrases commonly used in the field of obesity; and encourage the use of more productive language choices in our communications with patients and professional colleagues, both within and outside of our field...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Claire Stanley, Michael Secter, Sarah Chauvin, Amanda Selk
OBJECTIVE: Attitudes and barriers towards HPV vaccination were explored in a population of male surgeons in Gynecology and Otolaryngology in Ontario, Canada. MATERIALS/METHODS: An internet-based survey was distributed to male residents and physicians affiliated with the departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Otolaryngology at six Ontario universities. The survey consisted of 16 questions (3 demographic, 3 workplace exposure, 6 regarding personal vaccination, and 3 regarding patient vaccination)...
March 7, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
A F Crawshaw, H Kirkbride
Approximately 13% of the UK population in 2015 was born overseas. Most migrants have come to the UK to work or study although there has been a small increase in the number of asylum applications in the UK in recent years, reflective of the ongoing humanitarian situation across Europe. Migrants in the UK tend to be young and healthy, but some may face unique health needs as a result of their experiences before, during and after migration. For these needs to be appropriately recognised and addressed, evidence-based advice is needed for UK professionals...
March 7, 2018: Public Health
Jenny L Singleton, Elena T Remillard, Tracy L Mitzner, Wendy A Rogers
PURPOSE: Technology holds great potential to support Deaf individuals as they age into older adulthood. However, it is unclear to what extent Deaf seniors are using technology in everyday life or whether they experience challenges in using technology. The current study explored technology use among older Deaf adults with regard to attitudes, adoption style, and frequency of use for a wide range of technologies, including assistive technologies (ATs) for persons with hearing loss and general, everyday technologies...
March 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Smita C Banerjee, Chasity B Walters, Jessica M Staley, Koshy Alexander, Patricia A Parker
Delivery of culturally competent care toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients depends on how health-care providers (HCPs) communicate with them; however, research about knowledge, attitude, and behavior of HCPs toward LGBT patients is scant. The objectives of our study were to describe oncology HCPs' knowledge and examine if beliefs about LGB and transgender patients mediate the effects of LGBT health-care knowledge on open communication behaviors with LGB and transgender patients, respectively...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Sagrario Pérez-de la Cruz, Amelia Victoria García-Luengo
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of students of health sciences faculties (medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy) regarding specific issues related to death and end of life in both professional and personal realms. A descriptive, cross-sectional, and multi-center approach was used. The modified Bugen Scale for facing death was used. The study population (411 students) encompassed three distinct groups: students from the degrees of medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy. In total, 12 items showed significant differences between the three groups...
March 9, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
I E Obi, A N Charles-Okoli, C C Agunwa, B I Omotowo, A C Ndu, O R Agwu-Umahi
Context: Learning in the medical school of the study university is still by the traditional face-to-face approach with minimal e-communication. Aim: This paper assesses student's perspectives of E-learning readiness, its predictors and presents a model for assessing them. Settings and Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study of medical students. Subjects and Methods: By proportional quota sampling 284 students responded to a semi-structured self-administered questionnaire adapted from literature...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Roschelle Heuberger, Helen Wong
OBJECTIVE: Despite the growing evidence against artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) use among patients with advanced dementia, little is known about the perspectives of the health care team. This study examined the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of physicians and other health care providers regarding the use of ANH at the end of life (EOL). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey explored the provision of EOL care using a hypothetical case scenario of a patient with advanced dementia and dysphagia...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
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