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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166393/implicit-theories-concerning-the-intelligence-of-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#1
Claire Enea-Drapeau, Michèle Carlier, Pascal Huguet
Studies over the past three decades have shown that learning difficulties are not only determined by neurological disorders, but also by motivational and/or socio-cognitive factors Among these factors, implicit theories of intelligence (also referred to as conceptions, mindsets or beliefs about intelligence) are key elements. The belief that intelligence is fixed (entity theory), as opposed to malleable (incremental theory), is generally associated with negative teaching practices and poorer student outcomes, yet beliefs about the intelligence of individuals with intellectual disabilities have not received much attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165864/an-australian-hospital-s-training-program-and-referral-pathway-within-a-multi-disciplinary-health-justice-partnership-addressing-family-violence
#2
Kirsty Forsdike, Cathy Humphreys, Kristin Diemer, Stuart Ross, Linda Gyorki, Helena Maher, Penelope Vye, Fleur Llewelyn, Kelsey Hegarty
OBJECTIVE: An innovative health-justice partnership was established to deliver legal assistance to women experiencing family violence who attended an Australian hospital. This paper reports on a multifaceted response to build capacity and willingness of health professionals to identify signs of family violence and engage with referral pathways to on-site legal assistance. METHODS: A Realistic Evaluation analysed health professionals' knowledge and attitudes towards identification, response and referral for family violence before and after training; and use of referral pathways...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165125/nurses-willingness-to-care-for-patients-infected-with-hiv-or-hepatitis-b-c-in-vietnam
#3
Tomohiro Ishimaru, Koji Wada, Huong Thi Xuan Hoang, Anh Thi My Bui, Hung Dinh Nguyen, Hung Le, Derek R Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the factors associated with nurses' willingness to care for patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C virus (HBV/HCV) in Vietnam. METHODS: A cross-section of 400 Vietnamese nurses from two hospitals were selected using stratified random sampling, to whom a self-administered questionnaire was administered which included demographic items, previous experience with patients infected with HIV or HBV/HCV, and their attitudes toward these patients...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164677/perceptions-of-the-effects-of-childbirth-on-sexuality-among-nulliparous-individuals
#4
Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F Pukall
BACKGROUND: Media representations of sexuality after childbirth depict vaginal birth as harmful and cesarean delivery as protective, although research does not support these depictions. The objective of the current study was to investigate perceptions of the effects of mode of delivery on sexuality. METHODS: Nulliparous participants who were able to and interested in giving birth (N = 1428) completed an online survey about their preferences for mode of delivery and their perceptions of childbirth as they specifically relate to sexuality...
November 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164543/-exploration-of-recent-mobile-technologies-applied-in-nursing-education
#5
Ting-Ting Wu, Yi-Chen Lu, Lei Chang
The development of science and technology has fundamentally changed people's lives and the way that medical systems function. Increasingly, mobile technologies are being introduced and integrated into classroom teaching and clinical applications, resulting in healthcare providers introducing innovative applications into health education. These applications enhance the clinical, education, and research expertise of medical staffs and nurses, while improving quality of care and providing new experiences for patients...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#6
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164171/health-care-students-attitudes-about-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-responses-to-narrative-vignettes
#7
Kelly D Coons, Shelley L Watson, Nicole M Yantzi, Nancy E Lightfoot, Sylvie Larocque
This article explores medical, midwifery, and nurse practitioner students' attitudes about women who may consume alcohol throughout their pregnancies. Twenty-one health care students responded to a scenario-based vignette addressing alcohol consumption during pregnancy, as well as a semistructured interview, which were analyzed using Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis approach. Two primary themes related to students' attitudes concerning alcohol consumption during pregnancy were identified: (a) divergent recommendations for different women, based on perceptions of their level of education, culture/ethnicity, and ability to stop drinking; and (b) understanding the social determinants of health, including the normalization of women's alcohol consumption and potential partner violence...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163942/development-of-non-invasive-ventilation-treatment-practice-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-results-from-a-participatory-research-project
#8
Helle M Christensen, Ingrid L Titlestad, Lotte Huniche
Objectives: Non-invasive ventilation treatment for patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is well documented. Communication with patients during treatment is inhibited because of the mask, the noise from the machine and patient distress. Assessing life expectancy and identifying end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease posed difficulties and caused doubts concerning initiation and continuation of non-invasive ventilation as life-sustaining treatment...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163858/investigating-institutional-abuse-survivors-help-seeking-attitudes-with-the-inventory-of-attitudes-towards-seeking-mental-health-services
#9
Viktoria Kantor, Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster
Background: Although effective treatments exist, many trauma survivors delay or avoid professional help. Attitudes towards help-seeking are associated with intentions to and actual treatment use, but were neglected in research on trauma survivors so far. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the reliability, construct validity, and predictive power of the Inventory of Attitudes towards Seeking Mental Health Services (IASMHS) and to investigate attitudes of adult institutional abuse survivors. Method: A total of 220 adult survivors of institutional abuse were interviewed using IASMHS, the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire Short-Form (CTQ-SF), the Life Events Checklist (LEC-5), and the depression-subscale of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18)...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163359/attitudes-of-palestinian-health-care-professionals-in-gaza-to-clinical-practice-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Mahmoud Radwan, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Amirhossein Takian, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Aymen Elsous
Background: Despite the huge numbers of the internationally produced and implemented Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs), the compliance with them is still low in health care. This study aimed at assessing the attitudes of Palestinian health-care professionals toward the most perceived factors influencing the adherence to the CPG for Diabetes Mellitus in the Primary Health-care centers of the Ministry of Health (PHC-MoH) and the Primary Health-care centers of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (PHC-UNRWA) using a validated questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162086/tribes-and-tribulations-interdisciplinary-ehealth-in-providing-services-for-people-with-a-traumatic-brain-injury-tbi
#11
M Hines, M Brunner, S Poon, M Lam, V Tran, D Yu, L Togher, T Shaw, E Power
BACKGROUND: eHealth has potential for supporting interdisciplinary care in contemporary traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation practice, yet little is known about whether this potential is being realised, or what needs to be done to further support its implementation. The purpose of this study was to explore health professionals' experiences of, and attitudes towards eHealth technologies to support interdisciplinary practice within rehabilitation for people after TBI. METHODS: A qualitative study using narrative analysis was conducted...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162054/-lay-epidemiology-an-important-factor-in-danish-parents-decision-of-whether-to-allow-their-child-to-receive-a-bcg-vaccination-a-qualitative-exploration-of-parental-perspective
#12
Gitte Thybo Pihl, Helle Johannessen, Jette Ammentorp, Jane Schmidt Jensen, Poul-Erik Kofoed
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is used worldwide to prevent infectious diseases. However, vaccination programmes in western countries face challenges in sustaining high coverage rates. The aim of this study was to explore how parents in Denmark make a decision about whether to allow their child to receive a Bacille Calmette Guerin vaccine at birth for the purpose of achieving non-specific effects on the immune system. METHODS: A total of five focus groups were conducted with expectant mothers and fathers...
November 21, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#13
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161164/health-science-students-attitudes-towards-healthcare-teams-a-comparison-between-two-universities
#14
Takatoshi Makino, Bumsuk Lee, Hiroki Matsui, Yoshiharu Tokita, Hiromitsu Shinozaki, Shiomi Kanaizumi, Yumiko Abe, Takayuki Saitoh, Fusae Tozato, Ayako Igarashi, Mika Sato, Shigeki Ohtake, Noriko Tabuchi, Michiko Inagaki, Akinori Kama, Hideomi Watanabe
There have been few studies comparing the attitudes towards healthcare teams between different universities. This study analysed the differences in attitudes towards healthcare teams between health science students at Gunma University, Japan, which implements a comprehensive interprofessional education (IPE) programme, and Kanazawa University, a similar national university. Study populations were first- and third-year students at the Gunma University School of Health Sciences and the Kanazawa University School of Health Sciences...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160491/perception-of-nursing-professionals-on-patient-safety-culture
#16
Juliana Cristina Abbate Tondo, Edinêis de Brito Guirardello
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate nursing professionals' perception on safety climate, to check if this perception differs between categories and if there is correlation between the Safety Attitude Questionaire (SAQ) domains and personal and professional variables. METHOD: Quantitative and transversal study held in a teaching hospital in the countryside of São Paulo, in Brazil. Data collection occurred in the period from April to July 2014, with the application of the SAQ...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157950/-knowledge-beliefs-and-attitudes-of-the-roma-population-regarding-colorectal-cancer-screening
#17
María Carmen Santiago-Portero, José Manuel Gómez-García, Helena Reig-Gómez, Tatiana Oltra-Durá, Juan José Gascón-Cánovas
OBJECTIVE: To identify predisposing, inhibitory and facilitating factors that may affect participation in colorectal cancer screening programs in the Roma population. METHOD: Qualitative and exploratory study by focus group technique. Three focus groups of men and three groups of women were carried out, with a total of 16 men and 18 women from the Roma population, aged 50-69 years, from the province of Alicante. A discourse analysis was performed with the PRECEDE model as an analysis framework...
November 17, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157507/public-attitudes-towards-involuntary-admission-and-treatment-by-mental-health-services-in-norway
#18
Inge Joa, Kjetil Hustoft, Liss Gøril Anda, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Olav Nielssen, Jan Olav Johannessen, Johannes H Langeveld
PURPOSE: The role of compulsory treatment of serious mental disorders has been the topic of ongoing public debate involving among others mental health professionals, service providers, service user advocates, relatives of service users, media commentators and politicians. However, relatively little is known about general public attitudes towards involuntary admission and compulsory treatment of people with various mental disorders. This article examines the attitudes in a representative sample of Norway's population towards the use of involuntary admission and treatment, and under which circumstances does the general public consider compulsory treatment to be justified in the Norwegian mental health care services...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156425/perceived-provider-stigma-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-service-users-internalized-stigma-and-disempowerment
#19
Katie Wang, Bruce G Link, Patrick W Corrigan, Larry Davidson, Elizabeth Flanagan
Despite increasing awareness of stigma from mental health service providers as a barrier to recovery, little research has directly examined how it might influence the service users' self-perceptions and treatment experience. The present study examined the association of service users' perceived provider stigma with their experience of internalized stigma and disempowerment, two psychosocial constructs known to hinder recovery. Mental health service users (N = 350) completed questionnaires assessing perceived stigma from mental health service providers, including perceptions of negative affective reactions towards individual users and desired social distance towards people with mental illnesses across various life domains, internalized stigma, and disempowerment (i...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154396/nurses-experiences-of-unprofessional-behaviors-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study
#20
Naser Parizad, Hadi Hassankhani, Azad Rahmani, Eesa Mohammadi, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
The nursing profession is focused on serving others and has high expectations that each member behaves professionally and ethically, as articulated in nursing codes of practice and conduct. Where these are not upheld, inappropriate and unprofessional workplace behaviors follow. Regrettably, unprofessional behavior is neither new nor constrained to the nursing profession, but is known to negatively impact staff and workplace relationships, and importantly, patient safety and care. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Iranian nurses' experiences of professional communication between colleagues in the emergency department...
November 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
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