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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786026/sources-of-medical-student-stress
#1
Krishna Subhash Vyas, Terry D Stratton, Neelkamal S Soares
Background: Key elements in the clinical practice of prevention, health and wellness are best cultivated in medical professionals during undergraduate medical training. This study explores students' self-assessed stress relative to gender, academic expectations, and level of medical training to guide development of targeted wellness interventions. Methods: In early 2012, undergraduate (M1-M4) students in four Southeastern U.S. allopathic medical schools were surveyed about health-related attitudes and behaviors...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785938/decision-making-in-end-of-life-care-are-we-really-playing-together-in-the-same-team
#2
M M Lomero-Martínez, M F Jiménez-Herrera, M A Bodí-Saera, M Llauradó-Serra, N Masnou-Burrallo, E Oliver-Juan, A Sandiumenge-Camps
BACKGROUND: Limitation of life-sustaining treatment is increasingly common in critical care units, and controlled donation after circulatory death is starting to be included as an option within patient care plans. Lack of knowledge and misunderstandings can place a barrier between healthcare professionals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions, knowledge and attitudes of physicians and nurses working in intensive care units regarding Limitation of life-sustaining treatment and controlled donation after circulatory death...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784216/physical-and-mechanical-restraint-in-psychiatric-units-perceptions-and-experiences-of-nursing-staff
#3
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Danielle Maria da Silva, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Bianca Cristina Ciccone Giacon, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Tatiana Longo Borges
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint in psychiatric units is a common practice but extremely controversial and poorly evaluated by methodologically appropriate investigations. The cultural issues and professionals' perceptions and attitudes are substantial contributors to the frequency of restraint that tend to be elevated. Aim In this qualitative study, we aimed to understand the experiences and perceptions of nursing staff regarding physical restraint in psychiatric units. METHOD: Through theoretical sampling, 29 nurses from two Brazilian psychiatric units participated in the study...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780739/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-health-professionals-about-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Sameer Abdullah Althomairy, Mohammad Abdul Baseer, Mansour Assery, Abdulrahman Dahham Alsaffan
Aim and Objective: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of practicing dental health professionals (DHPs) (dentist and dental auxiliaries) toward Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken among practicing DHPs in Saudi Arabia. A total of 202 DHPs participated in this study. Knowledge and attitude were assessed using self-administered and pretested questionnaire...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779723/checking-the-potential-shift-to-perceived-usefulness-the-analysis-of-users-response-to-the-updated-electronic-health-record-core-features
#5
Petar Rajković, Dejan Aleksić, Dragan Janković, Aleksandar Milenković, Ivan Petković
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this paper is to identify the main factors which have an impact on the users' attitude towards the functionalities representing the perceived ease of use and to those representing the perceived usefulness. Another objective is to examine whether there occurred a shift towards the perceived usefulness of users' behavior over a period of time. To support these objectives, two different cases are examined - the case in which users are simultaneously offered basic and updated functionalities, and the one in which users are offered a completely new set of features...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779719/a-framework-for-ehealth-readiness-of-dietitians
#6
Kirsty Maunder, Karen Walton, Peter Williams, Maree Ferguson, Eleanor Beck
AIM: To develop a framework for assessing the eHealth readiness of dietitians. METHODS: Using an inductive approach, this research was divided into three stages: 1. a systematic literature review to identify models or frameworks on eHealth readiness; 2. data synthesis to identify eHealth readiness themes and develop a framework; and 3. semi-structured interviews with Australian nutrition informatics experts to gain consensus and validate the framework. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty one unique citations were identified, of which twenty four met the research criteria and were included in the review and subsequent synthesis...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779519/sexuality-and-intimacy-in-the-older-adult-woman
#7
REVIEW
Alice L March
In the United States, people older than 65 attend approximately 248 million health care visits each year, or 7 visits per older adult annually. One in every 5 older adults reports recent sexual activity, yet health care professionals do not ask, and patients do not tell when it comes to sexuality. The desire to engage in sex and intimate behaviors to meet important quality-of-life needs is present in people of all ages. Because it is important to communicate in a nonjudgmental manner, health care professionals must first examine their own personal attitudes and values regarding sexuality in older women...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779402/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-use-among-indigenous-cancer-patients-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#8
Alana Gall, Stuart Leske, Jon Adams, Veronica Matthews, Kate Anderson, Sheleigh Lawler, Gail Garvey
BACKGROUND: Cancer 'patients' are increasingly using traditional indigenous and complementary medicines (T&CM) alongside conventional medical treatments to both cure and cope with their cancer diagnoses. To date T&CM use among Indigenous cancer patients from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: We systematically searched bibliographic databases to identify original research published between January 2000 and October 2017 regarding T&CM use by Indigenous cancer patients in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States...
May 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#9
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776531/an-evaluation-of-a-college-campus-emergency-preparedness-intervention
#10
Christofer Skurka, Brian L Quick, Tobias Reynolds-Tylus, Todd Short, Ann L Bryan
INTRODUCTION: Given the range of emergencies that beset postsecondary institutions, university administrators must take a multimodal approach to prepare campus stakeholders for safety threats. One such strategy is emergency preparedness communication. METHODS: In the present investigation, we tested the efficacy of a professionally produced video that uses the federally endorsed slogan, Run-Hide-Fight(r). Undergraduate students participated in a quasi-experiment with a pretest-posttest-delayed posttest control group design...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776478/perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-on-the-effects-of-residential-summer-camp-in-their-patients
#11
P Galen DiDomizio, Ann Gillard
PURPOSE: A growing body of literature exists regarding medical specialty camps for children. However, very little of the research focuses on the perspectives of healthcare providers. This study explored perceptions of pediatric healthcare providers on a medical specialty camp for children. DESIGN AND METHODS: Interviews with five volunteer physicians and five nurses were conducted and analyzed using inductive content analysis. RESULTS: Results showed that healthcare providers perceived camp to be a positive influence on campers' normalization and healthcare ownership, and to strengthen patient-provider relationships...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776400/associations-of-training-to-assist-a-suicidal-person-with-subsequent-quality-of-support-results-from-a-national-survey-of-the-australian-public
#12
Anthony F Jorm, Angela Nicholas, Jane Pirkis, Alyssia Rossetto, Nicola J Reavley
BACKGROUND: When a person is in severe distress, people in their social network can potentially take action to reduce the person's suicide risk. The present study used data from a community survey to examine whether people who had received training in how to assist a person at risk of suicide had higher quality intentions and actions to provide support. METHODS: A national telephone survey was carried out with 3002 Australian adults on attitudes and intentions toward helping someone in severe distress or at risk of suicide as well as actions taken...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775694/advance-care-planning-in-a-multi-cultural-family-centric-community-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-professionals-patients-and-caregivers-perspectives
#13
Sumytra Menon, Marijke Kars, Chetna Malhotra, Alastair V Campbell, J J M van Delden
CONTEXT: Advance care planning has been shown to improve end-of-life care but it was developed in the USA and most research has been conducted in western communities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the attitudes and perceptions of patients with life-limiting illnesses, informal caregivers, doctors, nurses and medical social workers regarding advance care planning in a multi-cultural family-centric community. METHODS: We conducted an explorative qualitative study, using focus groups and individual in-depth interviews...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775692/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-providing-medical-assistance-in-dying-a-qualitative-study
#14
Narges Khoshnood, Marie-Clare Hopwood, Bhadra Lokuge, Allison Kurahashi, Anastasia Tobin, Sarina Isenberg, Amna Husain
CONTEXT: MAiD allows a practitioner to administer or prescribe medication for the purpose of ending a patient's life. In 2016, Canada was the latest country, following several European countries and American states, to legalize physician-assisted death. Although some studies report on physician attitudes towards MAiD or describe patient characteristics, there are few that explore the professional challenges faced by physicians who provide MAiD. OBJECTIVES: To explore the professional challenges faced by Canadian physicians who provide MAiD...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775493/the-importance-of-reflecting-on-practice-how-personal-professional-development-activities-affect-perceived-teamwork-and-performance
#15
Annalena Welp, Anya Johnson, Helena Nguyen, Lin Perry
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between participation in personal professional development activities (e.g. coaching, mentoring), teamwork and performance; to investigate the mediating and moderating effects of reflective thinking and perceived usefulness of development activities. BACKGROUND: Professional development is associated with better performance and attitudes towards one's work. The current study adds to this research by focusing on understanding this effect and the conditions under which this occurs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775112/attitudes-towards-severe-mental-illness-and-social-distance-a-survey-of-volunteer-befrienders-in-austria
#16
Sarah Toner, Karin Fabisch, Stefan Priebe, Gϋnter Klug
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there is a propensity for people in the general population to distance themselves from people with severe mental illness (SMI), which reportedly decreases with increased contact with individuals with SMI. Volunteer befrienders in the mental health sector have ongoing contact with this population, yet little data exist to reflect their attitudes towards people with SMI. METHOD: A questionnaire was distributed to all volunteer befrienders for people with SMI within volunteering programmes organised in five Austrian regions...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#17
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774584/-i-can-see-fine-patient-knowledge-of-eye-care
#18
Elizabeth L Irving, Alisa M Sivak, Marlee M Spafford
PURPOSE: To learn more about the perceptions and attitudes toward eye care of members of the public - in particular, their knowledge of the purpose, components and providers of eye examinations, their ability to self-monitor ocular status and their awareness of major sight threatening eye conditions. METHODS: This study used the qualitative research strategy, grounded theory. Participants were recruited via poster and social media. Two researchers, one with optometric knowledge and one without, moderated seven 60- to 90-min, semi-structured focus group discussions, which were audiotaped and transcribed...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773322/polarization-of-the-vaccination-debate-on-facebook
#19
Ana Lucía Schmidt, Fabiana Zollo, Antonio Scala, Cornelia Betsch, Walter Quattrociocchi
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy has been recognized as a major global health threat. Having access to any type of information in social media has been suggested as a potential influence on the growth of anti-vaccination groups. Recent studies w.r.t. other topics than vaccination show that access to a wide amount of content through the Internet without intermediaries resolved into major segregation of the users in polarized groups. Users select information adhering to theirs system of beliefs and tend to ignore dissenting information...
May 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771251/-ebm-guidelines-protocols-knowledge-attitudes-and-utilization-in-the-era-of-law-on-professional-responsibility-and-safety-of-health-care
#20
Silvia Minozzi, Francesca Ruggiero, Matteo Capobussi, Marien González-Lorenzo, Micaela La Regina, Alessandro Squizzato, Lorenzo Moja, Francesco Orlandini
INTRODUCTION: <AbstractText Label="INTRODUCTION" NlmCategory="BACKGROUND">The knowledge of principles and methods of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) and the use of Clinical Practice Guidelines to inform clinical decisions are recognised as key instruments to improve the quality of care. In Italy the Parliament has revised the legal system that rules the responsibilities of health professionals and health care safety, prescribing health professionals to adhere to guidelines and good practice recommendations...
May 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
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