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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728271/-research-progress-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-associated-serological-markers-in-children
#1
H Yang, Y Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727824/infiltrative-tumor-growth-patterns-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-associated-with-systemic-inflammation-and-oncological-outcome-in-patients-with-high-grade-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#2
Tomoki Nakamura, Akihiko Matsumine, Takao Matsubara, Kunihiro Asanuma, Yuki Yada, Tomohito Hagi, Akihiro Sudo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether the tumor infiltrative growth pattern on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was associated with blood inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein; CRP and Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio; NLR) and survival in patients with high-grade soft-tissue sarcoma (STS). METHODS: The cohort for this retrospective study included 81 patients with a mean age of 63 years. The tumor depth was superficial or deep in 15 and 66 patients, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727490/comparison-of-the-release-of-micrornas-and-extracellular-vesicles-from-platelets-in-response-to-different-agonists
#3
Ashley R Ambrose, Mohammed A Alsahli, Sameer A Kurmani, Alison H Goodall
On activation platelets release microRNAs and extracellular vesicles (EV) into circulation. The release of EV from platelets has been shown to be dependent on the agonist; in this study, we investigated whether the microRNA profile or EV released from platelets was also agonist specific. Washed platelets from healthy subjects were maximally stimulated with agonists specific for the receptors for collagen (Glycoprotein VI (GPVI)), thrombin (PAR1/PAR4), or ADP (P2Y1/P2Y12) with/without inhibiting secondary mediators, using aspirin to block cyclooxygenase-1 and apyrase to remove ADP...
July 20, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727231/nulliparity-is-associated-with-subtle-adverse-metabolic-outcomes-in-overweight-obese-mothers-and-their-offspring
#4
Sumudu N Seneviratne, José G B Derraik, Yannan Jiang, Lesley M E McCowan, Silmara Gusso, Janene B Biggs, Graham K Parry, Valentina Chiavaroli, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate metabolic outcomes in overweight/obese nulliparous and multiparous women and their offspring. STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-two overweight and obese women who participated in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in pregnancy were included in the study, comparing 18 nulliparous and 54 multiparous women and their singleton offspring. Women were assessed at 19 and 36 weeks of gestation. Fetal growth was measured using standard obstetric ultrasound techniques...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727131/evaluation-of-the-hematologic-system-as-a-marker-of-subclinical-inflammation-in-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-case-control-study
#5
Fatma Beyazit, Filiz Halici Öztürk, Eren Pek, Mesut Abdülkerim Ünsal
OBJECTIVES: Current evidence suggests that subclinical inflammation plays a significant role in the development of hyperemesis gravidarum (HEG). Simple hematological markers, such as mean platelet volume (MPV), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), have been shown to reflect inflammatory burden and disease activity in several disorders. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of these hematological parameters for HEG. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 54 HEG patients and 58 age- and gestational-age-matched control subjects were studied...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727103/effects-of-dietary-calcium-fructoborate-supplementation-on-joint-comfort-and-flexibility-and-serum-inflammatory-markers-in-dogs-with-osteoarthritis
#6
A K Price, M R C de Godoy, T A Harper, K E Knap, S Joslyn, Z Pietrzkowski, B K Cross, K B Detweiler, K S Swanson
Our objective was to evaluate the short-term effects of calcium fructoborate (CFB) on gait, joint range of motion, serum inflammatory markers, and owner perception of pain in client-owned dogs. We used 59 osteoarthritic dogs with impairment, with dogs being randomly assigned to 4 treatments: placebo (60 mg fructose; = 15), low dose (69 mg CFB; = 14), high dose (127 mg CFB; = 14), or combination (69 mg CFB, 500 mg glucosamine hydrochloride and 200 mg chondroitin sulfate; = 16). Dogs up to 22.9 kg received 1 capsule/d, while dogs weighing 23 to 50 kg received 2 capsules/d...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726649/lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-as-a-marker-of-vulnerable-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-patients-with-internal-carotid-artery-stenosis
#7
P Štefanič, I Kopolovets, Z Hertelyová, Š Tóth, M Frankovičová
The aim of this study was to compare the concentration of inflammatory vascular markers and morphological structure of atherosclerotic plaque in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with the stenosis of internal carotid artery (ICA). The research was carried out in 70 patients with hemodynamically significant stenosis of ICA out of which 40 (57%) were asymptomatic patients and 30 (43%) were symptomatic patients, of which 20 patients (66%) have had a stroke, or transient ischemic attack (TIA), 10 patients (33%)...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726579/the-immunomodulatory-role-of-bmp-2-on-macrophages-to-accelerate-osteogenesis
#8
Fei Wei, Yinghong Zhou, Jing Wang, Changsheng Liu, Yin Xiao
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is one of the most frequently used osteogenic factors for osteogenesis. Macrophages, acting as both immune cells and osteoclast precursors, have an indispensable functional input during multiple stages of bone healing. This study aims to investigate the immunoregulatory role of BMP-2 on macrophages and the subsequent effects on osteogenesis. In the subcutaneous implantation study, gelatin sponge incorporated with 20 μg/mL BMP-2 rendered significantly enhanced macrophage infiltration compared to the gelatin sponge control...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726396/the-potent-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-adipogenic-properties-of-bamboo-sasa-coreana-nakai-leaves-extract-and-its-major-constituent-flavonoids
#9
Ji Hye Yang, Moon-Hee Choi, Seung Hwa Yang, Sam Seok Cho, Su Jung Park, Hyun-Jae Shin, Sung Hwan Ki
The pro-inflammatory response and recruitment of macrophages into adipose tissue contribute to metabolic dysfunction. Here, we reported the anti-inflammatory and anti-adipogenic effects of the methanol (MeOH) extract and ethylacetate (EtOAc) fraction of bamboo leaf and its molecular mechanism in RAW264.7 cells and 3T3-L1 adipocytes, respectively. Functional macrophage migration assays also were performed. Surprisingly, EtOAc fraction of MeOH extracts from native Korean plant species Sasa coreana Nakai (SCN) has shown potent anti-inflammatory properties; SCN pretreatment inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production (p<0...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725488/generation-and-analysis-of-spheroids-from-human-primary-skin-myofibroblasts-an-experimental-system-to-study-myofibroblasts-deactivation
#10
Giuseppina Granato, Maria R Ruocco, Antonino Iaccarino, Stefania Masone, Gaetano Calì, Angelica Avagliano, Valentina Russo, Claudio Bellevicine, Gaetano Di Spigna, Giuseppe Fiume, Stefania Montagnani, Alessandro Arcucci
Myofibroblasts are activated fibroblasts involved in tissue repair and cancer. They are characterized by de novo expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), immunoregulatory phenotype and paracrine interaction with normal and tumorigenic cells leading to cell proliferation. At the end of wound-healing myofibroblasts undergo apoptotic cell death, whereas in vitro-activated fibroblasts are also subjected to a programmed necrosis-like cell death, termed nemosis, associated with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression induction and inflammatory response...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724846/metabolic-and-inflammatory-changes-with-orlistat-and-sibutramine-treatment-in-obese-malaysian-subjects
#11
Belqes Abdullah Mohammad Al-Tahami, Ab Aziz Al-Safi Ismail, Zulkefli Sanip, Zurkurnai Yusoff, Tg Muzaffar Tm Shihabudin, Taran Singh Pall Singh, Aida Hanum Ghulam Rasool
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is associated with numerous health problems, particularly metabolic and cardiovascular complications. This study aimed to assess the effects that, nine months of pharmacological intervention with orlistat or sibutramine, on obese Malaysians' body weight and compositions, metabolic profiles and inflammatory marker. METHODS: Seventy-six obese subjects were randomly placed into two groups. The first group received three daily 120 mg dosages of orlistat for nine months (n=39), and the second group received a once daily 10 or 15 mg dosage of sibutramine for nine months (n=37)...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724658/a-daily-dose-of-5-mg-folic-acid-for-90-days-is-associated-with-increased-serum-unmetabolized-folic-acid-and-reduced-natural-killer-cell-cytotoxicity-in-healthy-brazilian-adults
#12
Clovis Paniz, Juliano Felix Bertinato, Maylla Rodrigues Lucena, Eduardo De Carli, Patrícia Mendonça da Silva Amorim, Guilherme Wataru Gomes, Cecília Zanin Palchetti, Maria Stella Figueiredo, Christine M Pfeiffer, Zia Fazili, Ralph Green, Elvira Maria Guerra-Shinohara
Background: The effects of high-dose folic acid (FA) supplementation in healthy individuals on blood folate concentrations and immune response are unknown.Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of daily consumption of a tablet containing 5 mg FA on serum folate; number and cytotoxicity of natural killer (NK) cells; mRNA expression of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), interferon γ (IFNG), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFA), and interleukin 8 (IL8) genes; and concentrations of serum inflammatory markers...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724382/activation-of-cannabinoid-receptor-type-2-attenuates-surgery-induced-cognitive-impairment-in-mice-through-anti-inflammatory-activity
#13
Lingling Sun, Rui Dong, Xin Xu, Xi Yang, Mian Peng
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation plays a major role in postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Accumulated evidence indicates that cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2R) can mediate anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects in part by controlling microglial activity. However, the impact of CB2R on postoperative cognition has not been investigated. We hypothesized that CB2R is involved in surgery-induced cognitive impairment in adult mice. METHODS: Adult C57BL/6 mice were subjected to intramedullary fixation surgery for tibial fracture under isoflurane anesthesia and CB2R agonist (JWH133) or CB2R antagonist (AM630) treatment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724203/huprine-x-attenuates-the-neurotoxicity-induced-by-kainic-acid-especially-brain-inflammation
#14
J Relat, B Pérez, P Camps, D Muñoz-Torrero, A Badia, M V Clos
Huprine X (HX) is a synthetic anticholinesterasic compound that exerts a potent inhibitory action on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, an agonist effect on cholinergic receptors, neuroprotective activity in different neurotoxicity models in vivo and in vitro and cognition enhancing effects in non-transgenic (C57BL/6) and transgenic (3xTg-AD, APPswe) mice. In the present study, we assessed the ability of HX (0.8 mg/kg, 21 days) to prevent the damage induced by kainic acid (KA; 28 mg/kg) regarding apoptosis, glia reactivity and neurogenesis in mouse brain...
July 19, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723775/the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-could-be-a-good-diagnostic-marker-and-predictor-of-relapse-in-patients-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease-a-strobe-compliant-retrospective-observational-analysis
#15
Ji-Yeoun Seo, Chang-Hee Suh, Ju-Yang Jung, Ar-Reum Kim, Ji Won Yang, Hyoun-Ah Kim
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is the proportion of absolute neutrophil count to lymphocytes on routine complete blood count (CBC) tests, and has been studied as a simple marker of the systemic inflammatory response. This study was performed to investigate whether the NLR could be used as a tool to diagnose and predict prognosis in cases of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD).We retrospectively reviewed 164 patients with suspected AOSD. Among 164 patients with suspected AOSD, 37 patients received another diagnosis (such as viral infection) and were compared with the 127 patients who received a diagnosis of AOSD...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723499/prospective-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-antiangiogenic-treatment-on-cognitive-functions-in-metastatic-renal-cancer
#16
Florence Joly, Natacha Heutte, Brigitte Duclos, Sabine Noal, Isabelle Léger-Hardy, Sarah Dauchy, Nadine Longato, Laurence Desrues, Nadine Houede, Marie Lange, Emmanuel Sevin, Chantal Rieux, Bénédicte Clarisse, Hélène Castel, Bernard Escudier
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the cognitive effects of antiangiogenic therapies (AATs) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) and their relation with fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of AATs on cognition and its connection with fatigue and quality of life (QoL) in patients with mRCC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective study enrolled 75 patients starting AAT as first or second line for mRCC and assessed them at 3 mo (n=58) and 6 mo (n=50)...
December 15, 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723462/against-the-role-of-inflammatory-markers-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-prognosis-the-missing-link-between-evidence-of-association-and-clinical-applicability
#17
Alessandro Larcher, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Andrea Salonia, Umberto Capitanio
Although an association between inflammatory markers (IMs) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) prognosis has been proven, how to translate such information into treatment strategy has not been determined. The strongest argument against the use of IMs in the management of patients diagnosed with RCC is the missing link between evidence of association and clinical applicability.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723461/inflammatory-markers-have-a-role-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-prognosis
#18
Paul de Souza, Wei Chua, Stephen Clarke, David Goldstein, Chee Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723348/central-serotonin-attenuates-lps-induced-systemic-inflammation
#19
Clarissa M D Mota, Caroline Rodrigues-Santos, Rodrigo A R Fernández, Ruither O G Carolino, José Antunes-Rodrigues, Janete A Anselmo-Franci, Luiz G S Branco
Serotonin (5-HT) is a neuromodulator involved in several central-mediated mechanisms, such as endocrine processes, behavior, and sleep. Dysfunction of the serotonergic system is mainly linked to psychiatric disorders, but emerging evidence suggests that immune system activation may also alter brain 5-HT signaling. However, whether central 5-HT modulates systemic inflammation (SI) remains unknown. For this purpose, male Wistar rats (280-350 g, 8-9 weeks) were submitted to the experimental protocols beginning between 9 and 10 AM with the performance of injections...
July 16, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722800/role-of-the-long-non-coding-rna-gas5-in-glucocorticoid-response-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Marianna Lucafò, Alessia Di Silvestre, Maurizio Romano, Alice Avian, Roberta Antonelli, Stefano Martelossi, Samuele Naviglio, Alberto Tommasini, Gabriele Stocco, Alessandro Ventura, M D Giuliana Decorti, Sara De Iudicibus
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely employed in inflammatory, autoimmune and neoplastic diseases, and, despite the introduction of novel therapies, remain the first-line treatment for inducing remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Given the high incidence of suboptimal response, associated with a significant number of side effects, that are particularly severe in paediatric patients, the identification of subjects that are most likely to respond poorly to GCs is extremely important. Recent evidence suggests that the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) GAS5 could be a potential marker of GC resistance...
July 19, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
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