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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160778/optical-coherence-tomography-2-diagnostic-tool-to-study-peripheral-vitreoretinal-pathologies
#1
Matteo G Cereda, Federico Corvi, Mariano Cozzi, Marco Pellegrini, Giovanni Staurenghi
PURPOSE: To investigate the utility of new wide-field optical coherence tomography (OCT) device in the evaluation of mid and far retinal periphery and to show its feasibility and advantages in clinical practice. METHODS: Consecutive patients underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination including standard OCT and new prototype OCT2 derived from Heidelberg Spectralis. RESULTS: Thirty-one eyes of 31 patients were studied with a total of 44 lesions, including 18 retinal detachments, 15 retinal holes and tears, 9 retinoschisis, and 2 retinal tufts...
November 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156649/short-term-choriocapillaris-changes-in-patients-with-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-after-half-dose-photodynamic-therapy
#2
Marco Nassisi, Carlo Lavia, Camilla Alovisi, Luca Musso, Chiara M Eandi
BACKGROUND: Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) has become the standard treatment for central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), its mechanism of action remains unclear. It is assumed that PDT induces short-term choriocapillaris (CC) occlusion and long-term choroidal vascular remodeling. In this paper, we describe the short-term CC changes induced by Half-Dose PDT (HD-PDT) in chronic CSC using optical coherence tomography-angiography (OCTA). METHODS: This is a prospective interventional case series...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150681/the-structure-function-relationship-measured-with-optical-coherence-tomography-and-a-microperimeter-with-auto-tracking-the-mp-3-in-patients-with-retinitis-pigmentosa
#3
Yuichi Asahina, Marie Kitano, Yohei Hashimoto, Mieko Yanagisawa, Hiroshi Murata, Tatsuya Inoue, Ryo Obata, Ryo Asaoka
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the structure-function relationship in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using optical coherence tomography and the MP-3 microperimeter. Visual field (VF) measurements were carried out using MP-3 microperimetry and the Humphrey Field Analyzer (HFA, Carl-Zeiss, CA), 22 eyes of 11 patients with a clinical diagnosis of RP, both with the 10-2 test grid pattern. Optical coherence tomography (OCT, Spectralis, Heidelberg, Germany) was also performed and the ellipsoid zone (EZ) was identified in the OCT image...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135605/novel-method-to-detect-corneal-lymphatic-vessels-in-vivo-by-intrastromal-injection-of-fluorescein
#4
Viet Nhat Hung Le, Yanhong Hou, Jens Horstmann, Felix Bock, Claus Cursiefen
PURPOSE: Corneal lymphatic vessels are clinically invisible because of their thin walls and clear lymph fluid. There is no easy and established method for in vivo imaging of corneal lymphatic vessels so far. In this study, we present a novel approach to visualize corneal lymphatic vessels in vivo by injecting intrastromal fluorescein sodium. METHODS: Six- to eight-week-old female BALB/c mice were used in the mouse model of suture-induced corneal neovascularization...
November 9, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119022/bruch-s-membrane-opening-minimum-rim-width-measurement-with-sd-oct-a-method-to-correct-for-the-opening-size-of-bruch-s-membrane
#5
Robert Kromer, Martin Stephan Spitzer
A precise evaluation of the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) is key for diagnosing and monitoring glaucoma. The Bruch's membrane opening minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) has been proposed as a reproducible assessment of the optic nerve. The BMO-MRW measures the minimum distance from the BMO to the internal limiting membrane. We propose an approach to correct the BMO-MRW using the BMO size for increased accuracy in interindividual comparisons in future studies. Eighty-one healthy patients received SPECTRALIS spectral domain optical coherence tomography measurements for the peripapillary RNFLT and BMO-MRW...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105362/monitoring-foveal-sparing-in-geographic-atrophy-with-fluorescence-lifetime-imaging-ophthalmoscopy-a-novel-approach
#6
Lydia Sauer, Matthias Klemm, Sven Peters, Dietrich Schweitzer, Johanna Schmidt, Lukas Kreilkamp, Lisa Ramm, Daniel Meller, Martin Hammer
PURPOSE: To investigate fundus autofluorescence (FAF) lifetimes in geographic atrophy (GA) with a focus on macular pigment (MP) and foveal sparing. METHODS: The study included 35 eyes from 28 patients (mean age 79.2 ± 8.0 years) with GA. A 30° retinal field, centred at the macula, was investigated using fluorescence lifetime imaging ophthalmoscopy (FLIO). The FLIO technology is based on a Heidelberg Engineering Spectralis system. Decays of FAF were detected in a short (498-560 nm, SSC) and long (560-720 nm, LSC) spectral channel...
November 4, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095359/minimal-optical-coherence-tomography-b-scan-density-for-reliable-detection-of-intraretinal-and-subretinal-fluid-in-macular-diseases
#7
Petra P Fang, Niklas Domdei, Philipp Herrmann, Steffen Schmitz-Valckenberg, Frank G Holz, Wolf M Harmening, Tim U Krohne
PURPOSE: To determine the minimal optical coherence tomography B-scan density for reliable detection of intraretinal and subretinal fluid. METHODS: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography raster scanning (Spectralis; Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) using a scan field of 20° × 20° of 97 B-scans with an interscan distance (ISD) of 60 μm was performed in 150 eyes of 150 consecutive patients at monitoring visits for intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy...
October 30, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091347/thickness-mapping-of-individual-retinal-layers-and-sectors-by-spectralis-sd-oct-in-autosomal-dominant-optic-atrophy
#8
Nihada Corajevic, Michael Larsen, Cecilia Rönnbäck
PURPOSE: To assess layer- and location-specific retinal thickness deficits in autosomal dominant optic atrophy (ADOA) using Spectralis SD-OCT. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 41 ADOA patients with OPA1 exon 28 (2826delT) mutation [age, 8.6-83.5 years; best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), 8-89 Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) letters] and 55 mutation-free first-degree relatives as healthy controls (age, 8.9-68.7; BCVA, 80-99). Participants underwent routine examination and optical coherence tomography (OCT) with segmentation of the whole retina, inner retinal layers (IRL) and outer retinal layers (ORL)...
November 1, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062773/optical-coherence-tomography-with-or-without-enhanced-depth-imaging-for-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-and-choroidal-thickness
#9
Meng-Ai Wu, Wei-Xin Xu, Zhe Lyu, Li-Jun Shen
AIM: To assess peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and choroidal thickness obtained with enhanced depth imaging (EDI) mode compared with those obtained without EDI mode using Heidelberg Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Fifty eyes of 25 normal healthy subjects and 32 eyes of 20 patients with different eye diseases were included in the study. All subjects underwent 3.4 mm diameter peripapillary circular OCT scan centered on the optic disc using both the conventional and the EDI OCT protocols...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057371/dysflective-cones-visual-function-and-cone-reflectivity-in-long-term-follow-up-of-acute-bilateral-foveolitis
#10
Joanna H Tu, Katharina G Foote, Brandon J Lujan, Kavitha Ratnam, Jia Qin, Michael B Gorin, Emmett T Cunningham, William S Tuten, Jacque L Duncan, Austin Roorda
PURPOSE: Confocal adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AOSLO) images provide a sensitive measure of cone structure. However, the relationship between structural findings of diminished cone reflectivity and visual function is unclear. We used fundus-referenced testing to evaluate visual function in regions of apparent cone loss identified using confocal AOSLO images. METHODS: A patient diagnosed with acute bilateral foveolitis had spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) (Spectralis HRA + OCT system [Heidelberg Engineering, Vista, CA, USA]) images indicating focal loss of the inner segment-outer segment junction band with an intact, but hyper-reflective, external limiting membrane...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052608/a-novel-and-faster-method-of-manual-grading-to-measure-choroidal-thickness-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#11
K X Cheong, L W Lim, K Z Li, C S Tan
PurposeChoroidal thickness (CT) measurements are typically obtained from manual segmentation of optical coherence tomography (OCT) B-scans. This method is time-consuming. We aimed to describe a novel and faster technique to obtain CT measurements.Patients and methodsIn a prospective cohort study of 200 healthy eyes, Spectral-Domain OCT with enhanced depth imaging were performed with the Spectralis OCT using standardised imaging protocols. The OCT scans were independently graded by reading centre-certified graders...
October 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050924/-progression-of-nerve-fiber-layer-defects-in-retrobulbar-optic-neuritis-by-the-macular-ganglion-cell-complex
#12
D Hong, C Bosc, F Chiambaretta
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies with SD OCT had shown early axonal damage to the macular ganglion cell complex (which consists of the three innermost layers of the retina: Inner Plexiform Layer [IPL], Ganglion Cell Layer [GCL], Retinal Nerve Fibre layer [RNFL]) in optic nerve pathology. Retrobulbar optic neuritis (RBON), occurring frequently in demyelinating diseases, leads to atrophy of the optic nerve fibers at the level of the ganglion cell axons, previously described in the literature...
November 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049723/a-comparison-of-en-face-optical-coherence-tomography-and-fundus-autofluorescence-in-stargardt-disease
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vivienne C Greenstein, Jason Nunez, Winston Lee, Kaspar Schuerch, Brad Fortune, Stephen H Tsang, Rando Allikmets, Janet R Sparrow, Donald C Hood
Purpose: To compare morphologic changes on en face images derived from wide-field swept-source optical coherence tomography (ssOCT) to hypo- and hyperautofluorescent (hypoAF, hyperAF) areas on short-wavelength autofluorescence (SW-AF), and near-infrared (NIR)-AF in recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1). Methods: Wide-field ssOCT cube scans were obtained from 16 patients (16 eyes). Averaged B-scans and SW-AF images were obtained using Spectralis HRA+OCT. NIR-AF images were obtained from 6 eyes...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025171/-the-impact-of-macular-development-on-full-field-and-multifocal-erg-in-extremely-preterm-born-children-with-and-without-acute-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#14
Wadim Bowl, Silke Schweinfurth, Kerstin Holve, Knut Stieger, Birgit Lorenz, Monika Andrassi-Darida
Introduction Retinal development is a complex process that can continue into early childhood and beyond. Prematurity can affect the maturation of the central retina, characterised by a flatter foveal pit and overlying inner retinal layers (IRL), leading to a disturbed ratio of outer retinal layers to IRL ("macular developmental arrest": MDA) and functional impairment (Bowl et al. 2016 18). The purpose of this study was to correlate functional results by electrophysiology with the morphological appearance of the fovea in children with spontaneously regressed and without ROP and term-born age-matched controls...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991834/spontaneous-retinal-venous-pulsation-in-unilateral-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-with-low-intraocular-pressure
#15
EunJi Lee, Tae-Woo Kim, Jung-Ah Kim, Ji Ah Kim, Hyunjoong Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of spontaneous retinal venous pulsation (SVP) in patients with unilateral primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and low intraocular pressure (IOP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SVP of 93 POAG patients with unilateral glaucoma and untreated IOP of ≤21 mm Hg was assessed using the movie tool of a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (Spectralis HRA; Heidelberg Engineering). The frequency of SVP was compared between the glaucomatous and fellow eyes...
October 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982952/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-serpiginous-choroiditis
#16
Daniela Montorio, Chiara Giuffrè, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Giulio Modorati, Riccardo Sacconi, Stefano Mercuri, Lea Querques, Giuseppe Querques, Francesco Bandello
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To analyse choroidal vascular density of affected and non-affected areas in active and inactive serpiginouschoroiditis (SC) by means of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: In this cross-sectional and observational study, 22 eyes of 11 patients diagnosed with SC were included. All patients underwent blue-light fundus autofluorescence (spectralis Heidelberg retinalangiography+OCT) and swept-source OCT-A (AngioPlex Elite 9000 SS-OCT, Carl Zeiss Meditech) to analyse qualitative features and choroidal vessel density of areas considered affected, and the inner and the outer border of the lesions...
October 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962217/evaluation-of-myopia-on-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-measured-by-spectralis-optical-coherence-tomography
#17
Yi Zha, Jinfei Zhuang, Da Lin, Wangqiang Feng, Haihua Zheng, Jianqiu Cai
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness of myopic subjects using Spectralis optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to determine variations with age and sex. A total of 271 Chinese participants with a spherical equivalent <+0.50 diopters were enrolled in the research. All subjects underwent a full ophthalmic examination. RNFL thickness was measured and compared according to sex, age and spherical equivalent. No significant difference was demonstrated between RNFL thickness in males and females...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945811/retinal-thinning-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-without-ophthalmic-disease
#18
Nisha Mukherjee, Shan McBurney-Lin, Anthony Kuo, Richard Bedlack, Henry Tseng
IMPORTANCE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal, rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disease that primarily affects motor neurons. Recently, three causative genes have been implicated in both ALS and glaucoma. However, it is still uncertain whether patients with ALS have neurodegeneration in their retinas. If so, retinal thickness measurements might be a useful biomarker for ALS progression. Previous work in this area has been inconclusive, as it has not taken into account the effect of ophthalmic diseases on retinal thinning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942521/imaging-of-tangential-traction-types-in-lamellar-macular-holes
#19
Alessandra Acquistapace, Matteo Giuseppe Cereda, Mario Cigada, Giovanni Staurenghi, Ferdinando Bottoni
PURPOSE: To determine the best imaging procedure for the definition of tangential tractions generated by epiretinal membranes in lamellar macular holes. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of lamellar macular hole with tractional epiretinal membranes based upon fundus autofluorescence (FAF), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging (HRA + OCT Spectralis, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). Tangential tractions were evaluated with infrared reflectance (IR; 820 nm) and OCT en face (193 B-scans, 30 × 20°pattern size, 31 μm between two consecutive B-scans)...
September 23, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930883/reproducibility-and-agreement-of-anterior-segment-parameter-measurements-obtained-using-the-casia2-and-spectralis-oct2-optical-coherence-tomography-devices
#20
Benjamin Y Xu, Derek D Mai, Rafaella C Penteado, Luke Saunders, Robert N Weinreb
PURPOSE: To assess the reproducibility and agreement of measurement values obtained from the Tomey CASIA2 and Heidelberg Spectralis OCT2 anterior segment optical coherence tomographic devices. METHODS: Twenty eyes from 10 subjects ranging from age 28 to 45 years with no history of eye conditions or intraocular surgery were included. Two scans were obtained with each device in a standardized dark room environment after a period of dark adaptation. One anterior segment optical coherence tomography image along the horizontal (temporal nasal) meridian was analyzed per eye and per scan...
November 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
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