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Nationwide inpatient sample

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211027/the-inpatient-burden-of-autoimmune-blistering-disease-in-us-children-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#1
Ziyou Ren, Derek Y Hsu, Nanette B Silverberg, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of pediatric autoimmune blistering disorders (PAIBD). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the inpatient burden and comorbidities of PAIBD. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, which contained a representative 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. RESULTS: The most common PAIBD with a primary admission was pemphigus (8.0 per million), whereas the most common secondary diagnosis of PAIBD was dermatitis herpetiformis (DH; 9...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205159/deficits-in-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-blood-culture-sampling-results-of-a-nationwide-mixed-methods-study-among-inpatient-care-physicians-in-germany
#2
Heike Raupach-Rosin, Arne Duddeck, Maike Gehrlich, Charlotte Helmke, Johannes Huebner, Mathias W Pletz, Rafael Mikolajczyk, André Karch
PURPOSE: Blood culture (BC) sampling rates in Germany are considerably lower than recommended. Aim of our study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practice of physicians in Germany regarding BC diagnostics. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mixed-methods study among physicians working in inpatient care in Germany. Based on the results of qualitative focus groups, a questionnaire-based quantitative study was conducted in 2015-2016. In total, 706 medical doctors and final-year medical students from 11 out of 16 federal states in Germany participated...
February 15, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202265/association-between-chronic-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-mortality-in-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#3
Barret Rush, Robert C McDermid, Leo Anthony Celi, Keith R Walley, James A Russell, John H Boyd
The impact of chronic exposure to air pollution and outcomes in the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unknown. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2011 was utilized for this analysis. The NIS is a national database that captures 20% of all US in-patient hospitalizations from 47 states. Patients with ARDS who underwent mechanical ventilation from the highest 15 ozone pollution cities were compared with the rest of the country. Secondary analyses assessed outcomes of ARDS patients for ozone pollution and particulate matter pollution on a continuous scale by county of residence...
February 12, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199029/healthcare-costs-of-type-2-diabetes-in-germany
#4
E Jacobs, A Hoyer, R Brinks, A Icks, O Kuß, W Rathmann
AIM: To describe for the first time the direct costs of Type 2 diabetes treatment by analysing nationwide routine data from statutory health insurance in Germany. METHODS: This cost-of-illness-study was based on a 6.8% random sample of all German people with statutory health insurance (4.3 out of 70 million people). The healthcare expenses show direct per capita costs from the payer perspective. Healthcare expenses for physicians, dentists, pharmacies, hospitals, sick benefits and other healthcare costs were considered...
February 15, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196033/thromboembolic-disease-in-patients-with-metastatic-femoral-lesions-a-comparison-between-prophylactic-fixation-and-fracture-fixation
#5
Arun Aneja, Jimmy J Jiang, Anna Cohen-Rosenblum, Hue L Luu, Terrance D Peabody, Samer Attar, T David Luo, Rex C Haydon
BACKGROUND: We are not aware of any previous studies that have compared the rate of venous thromboembolic events in patients who underwent prophylactic intramedullary nailing because of an impending fracture with the rate in patients who underwent intramedullary nailing after a pathological fracture. The objective of the present study was to determine if the rate of venous thromboembolic events varies between patients who are managed with prophylactic fixation and those who are managed with fixation after a pathological fracture...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196021/the-changing-epidemiology-of-acute-pancreatitis-hospitalizations-a-decade-of-trends-and-the-impact-of-chronic-pancreatitis
#6
Somashekar G Krishna, Amrit K Kamboj, Phil A Hart, Alice Hinton, Darwin L Conwell
OBJECTIVES: The epidemiological trends contributing to increasing acute pancreatitis (AP) hospitalizations remain unknown. We sought to analyze etiological factors and outcomes of increasing AP hospitalizations. METHODS: Utilizing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, retrospective analyses of adult (≥18 years) inpatient admissions with a primary diagnosis of AP (N = 2,016,045) were performed. Patient hospitalizations from 2009 to 2012 were compared with those from 2002 to 2005...
February 14, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193738/incidence-and-survival-after-in-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-nonelderly-adults-us-experience-2007-to-2012
#7
Sagar Mallikethi-Reddy, Alexandros Briasoulis, Emmanuel Akintoye, Kavyashri Jagadeesh, Robert D Brook, Melvyn Rubenfire, Luis Afonso, Cindy L Grines
BACKGROUND: Survival trends after in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ICPR) for cardiac arrest in nonelderly adults is not well known. Influence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines on nationwide survival after ICPR is yet to be well elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined survival trends and factors associated with survival after ICPR in nonelderly adults aged 18 to 64 years, using Healthcare Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database from 2007 through 2012 in the United States...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191702/hospitalizations-costs-and-outcomes-associated-with-heroin-and-prescription-opioid-overdoses-in-the-united-states-2001-2012
#8
Douglas J Hsu, Ellen P McCarthy, Jennifer P Stevens, Kenneth J Mukamal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The full burden of the opioid epidemic on U.S. hospitals has not been described. We aimed to estimate how heroin (HOD) and prescription opioid (POD) overdose-associated admissions, costs, outcomes, and patient characteristics have changed from 2001 - 2012. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of hospital admissions from the National Inpatient Sample. SETTING: United States of America. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital admissions in patients 18 years of age or older admitted with a diagnosis of HOD or POD...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190669/insurance-status-affects-postoperative-morbidity-and-complication-rate-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#9
Xinning Li, David R Veltre, Antonio Cusano, Paul Yi, David Sing, Joel J Gagnier, Josef K Eichinger, Andrew Jawa, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Shoulder arthroplasty is an effective procedure for managing patients with shoulder pain secondary to end-stage arthritis. Insurance status has been shown to be a predictor of patient morbidity and mortality. The current study evaluated the effect of patient insurance status on perioperative outcomes after shoulder replacement surgery. METHODS: Data between 2004 and 2011 were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Analysis included patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty (partial, total, and reverse) procedures determined by International Classification of Disease, 9th Revision procedure codes...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183469/comparison-of-trends-and-in-hospital-outcomes-of-concurrent-carotid-artery-revascularization-and%C3%A2-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-the-united-states-experience-2004-to-2012
#10
Dmitriy N Feldman, Rajesh V Swaminathan, Joshua D Geleris, Peter Okin, Robert M Minutello, Udhay Krishnan, Daniel J McCormick, Geoffrey Bergman, Harsimran Singh, S Chiu Wong, Luke K Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare trends and outcomes of 3 approaches to carotid revascularization in the coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) population when performed during the same hospitalization. BACKGROUND: The optimal approach to managing coexisting severe carotid and coronary disease remains controversial. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) or carotid artery stenting (CAS) are used to decrease the risk of stroke in patients with carotid disease undergoing CABG surgery...
February 13, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182804/medical-and-economic-burden-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-a-retrospective-nationwide-inpatient-sample-nis-study
#11
Ranjan Pathak, Vijaya Raj Bhatt, Paras Karmacharya, Madan Raj Aryal, Anthony A Donato
In recent years, US hospitals have switched from use of unfractionated heparin to use of low-molecular-weight heparin, which is associated with lower risk of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). In the study reported here, we retrospectively searched the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for patients who were at least 18 years old and received a diagnosis of HIT between 2009 and 2011. Our goal was to get an updated perspective on the incidence and economic impact of HIT. We calculated the incidence of HIT overall and in subgroups of patients who underwent cardiac, vascular, or orthopedic surgery...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181855/a-contemporary-evaluation-of-carotid-endarterectomy-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-united-states
#12
Amit R Patel, Viktor Y Dombrovskiy, Todd R Vogel
Objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been identified as a significant risk factor for poor post-surgical outcomes. This study was designed to provide a contemporary analysis of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) outcomes in patients with CKD, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and normal renal function (NF). Methods The Nationwide Inpatient Sample data 2006-2012 was queried to select patients aging 40 years old and above who underwent CEA during two days after admission and had a diagnosis of ESRD on long-term hemodialysis, patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD, or NF...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180038/an-analysis-of-patients-treated-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-rhinorrhea-in-the-united-states-from-2002-to-2010
#13
Emily Marchiano, Eric T Carniol, Daniel E Guzman, Milap D Raikundalia, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
Background The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to analyze the demographic features and concomitant diagnoses in patients admitted with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. Methods We analyzed the NIS database for all hospital admissions of CSF rhinorrhea between 2002 and 2010. Patient demographics, length of stay, hospital charges, concomitant diagnoses, hospital level characteristics, and complications were analyzed for patients undergoing surgical repair (group I) and for those treated without surgical repair (group II)...
February 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178046/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-pregnant-women
#14
Barret Rush, Pawel Martinka, Brett Kilb, Robert C McDermid, John H Boyd, Leo Anthony Celi
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in pregnant patients as well as to investigate clinical conditions associated with mortality. METHODS: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2006 to 2012 to identify a cohort of pregnant patients who underwent mechanical ventilation for ARDS. A multivariate model predicting in-hospital mortality was created. RESULTS: A total of 55,208,382 hospitalizations from the 2006-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Samples were analyzed...
February 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176930/length-of-stay-hospitalization-cost-and-in-hospital-mortality-in-us-adult-inpatients-with-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-2006-2012
#15
Ruopeng An, Peizhong Peter Wang
PURPOSE: In this study, we examined the length of stay, hospitalization cost, and risk of in-hospital mortality among US adult inpatients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data obtained from Nationwide/National Inpatient Sample database of discharges from 2006 to 2012. RESULTS: In the US, there were an estimated 296,870 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 284,831-308,909) patient discharges recorded for ITP from 2006 to 2012, during which ITP-related hospitalizations had increased steadily by nearly 30%...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175366/153%C3%A2-significant-interhospital-variation-in-cranial-surgery-costs-using-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database
#16
Corinna Clio Zygourakis, Caterina Liu, Philip V Theodosopoulos, Michael T Lawton, Adams Dudley, Ralph Gonzales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173921/gunshot-wounds-resulting-in-hospitalization-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#17
Alan Cook, Turner Osler, David Hosmer, Laurent Glance, Frederick Rogers, Brian Gross, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Ajai Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: The United States (US) leads all high income countries in gunshot wound (GSW) deaths. However, as a result of two decades of reduced federal support, study of GSW has been largely neglected. In this paper we describe the current state of GSW hospitalizations in the US using population-based data. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational study of patients hospitalized for GSW in the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) 2004 -2013...
January 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169941/novel-index-to-quantify-the-risk-of-surgery-in-the-setting-of-adult-spinal-deformity-a-study-on-10-912-patients-from-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#18
Bassel G Diebo, Cyrus M Jalai, Vincent Challier, Bryan J Marascalchi, Samantha R Horn, Gregory W Poorman, Olivia J Bono, Denis Cherkalin, Nancy Worley, Jason Oh, Qais Naziri, Allison Spitzer, Kris Radcliff, Ashish Patel, Virginie Lafage, Carl B Paulino, Peter G Passias
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2001 to 2010, a prospectively collected national database. OBJECTIVE: Structure an index to quantify adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgical risk based on risk factors for medical complications, surgical complications, revisions (R), mortality (M) rates, and length of hospital stay. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Evidence supporting ASD surgery cost-effectiveness and anticipating surgical risk is critical to evaluate the risk/benefit balance of such treatment for patients...
February 6, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161344/trends-of-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-inpatient-2002-2011
#19
Paris Charilaou, Kanishk Agnihotri, Pablo Garcia, Apurva Badheka, Douglas Frenia, Balaji Yegneswaran
RATIONALE: Nationwide prevalence of cannabis use/abuse has more than doubled from 2002 to 2011. Whether the outpatient trend is reflected in the inpatient setting, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence and incidence of cannabis abuse/dependence as determined by discharge coding in a 10-year (2002-2011) National Inpatient Sample, as well as various trends among demographics, comorbidities and hospitalization outcomes. METHODS: Cannabis abuse/dependence was identified based on ICD-9-CM codes 304...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153509/re-defining-and-contextualizing-the-hospital-volume-outcome-relationship-for-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-implications-for-centralization-of-care
#20
Boris Gershman, Sarah K Meier, Molly M Jeffery, Daniel M Moreira, Matthew K Tollefson, Simon P Kim, R Jeffrey Karnes, Nilay D Shah
PURPOSE: Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has undergone rapid dissemination, driven in part by market forces, to become the most frequently employed surgical approach in the management of prostate cancer. Accordingly, a critical analysis of its volume-outcome relationship has important health policy implications. We therefore evaluated the association of hospital RARP volume with perioperative outcomes, and examined the distribution of hospital RARP volumes to contextualize the volume-outcome relationship...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
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