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Nationwide inpatient sample

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146155/a-comparison-of-childbirth-costs-for-adolescents-and-adults-from-2001-to-2010
#1
Smadar Ronen, Jinhyung Lee, Parin Patel, Pooja Patel
PURPOSE: Although teenage birth rates in America have fallen to a historic low of 26.2 births per 1,000 teenagers, the U.S. remains behind the rest of the industrialized world. Adolescent pregnancy is relatively well discussed in today's literature, with ever more detailed estimates constantly emerging to quantify the cost of children born to America's teenagers. This study, however, describes the financial cost of childbirth in the U.S. with a specific focus on understanding the impact of adolescent childbirth in comparison to that of adult women and of annual childbirth as a whole...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142796/impact-of-depression-on-hospitalization-and-related-outcomes-for-parkinson-s-disease-patients-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-based-retrospective-study
#2
Rikinkumar S Patel, Ramkrishna Makani, Zeeshan Mansuri, Upenkumar Patel, Rupak Desai, Amit Chopra
Background Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a common comorbidity that significantly affects the quality of life and disease outcomes in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. No studies have been conducted to our knowledge to address the health care utilization and its outcomes in these patients. The aim of this study is to analyze and discern the differences in the hospitalization outcomes, comorbid conditions, and utilization of procedures in PD patients versus patients with comorbid MDD. Methods We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project from year's 2010-2014...
September 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141457/disparities-associated-with-inpatient-palliative-care-utilization-by-patients-with-metastatic-gynecologic-cancers-a-study-of-3337-women
#3
Emily B Rosenfeld, John K Chan, Austin B Gardner, Natasha Curry, Lejla Delic, Daniel S Kapp
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with inpatient palliative care (PC) use in patients with metastatic gynecologic cancer. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for patients with metastatic cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancers. Chi-square and multivariate models were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Of 67 947 inpatients with metastatic gynecologic cancer, 3337 (5%) utilized PC (median age: 63 years, range: 18-102 years)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138069/traumatic-fractures-of-the-cervical-spine-analysis-of-changes-in-incidence-etiology-concurrent-injuries-and-complications-among-488-262-patients-from-2005-2013
#4
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Frank A Segreto, Cyrus M Jalai, Samantha R Horn, Cole A Bortz, Dennis Vasquez-Montes, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Olivia J Bono, Rafael De La Garza-Ramos, John Y Moon, Charles Wang, Brandon P Hirsch, Peter L Zhou, Michael Gerling, Heiko Koller, Virginie Lafage
OBJECTIVE: The etiologies and epidemiology of traumatic cervical spine fracture have not been described with sufficient power or recency. Our goal is to describe demographics, incidence, etiology, spinal cord injuries (SCIs), concurrent injuries, treatments, and complications of traumatic cervical spine fractures. METHODS: Retrospective review of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. ICD-9 E-Codes identified trauma cases from 2005-2013. Patients with cervical fracture were isolated...
November 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136204/thrombolysis-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-poor-outcome-after-carotid-revascularization
#5
Ananth K Vellimana, Chad W Washington, Chester K Yarbrough, Thomas K Pilgram, Brian L Hoh, Colin P Derdeyn, Gregory J Zipfel
BACKGROUND: Thrombolysis is the standard of care for acute ischemic stroke patients presenting in the appropriate time window. Studies suggest that the risk of recurrent ischemia is lower if carotid revascularization is performed early after the index event. The safety of early carotid revascularization in this patient population is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of carotid revascularization in patients who received thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke...
November 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135667/nationwide-analysis-of-femoral-neck-fractures-in-elderly-patients-a-receding-tide
#6
Derek G Ju, Sean S Rajaee, James Mirocha, Carol A Lin, Charles N Moon
BACKGROUND: Geriatric femoral neck fractures are associated with substantial morbidity and medical cost. We evaluated the incidence and management trends of femoral neck fractures in recent years in the U.S. METHODS: Patient data from 2003 through 2013 were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Femoral neck fractures in patients ≥65 years old were identified and grouped using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) procedure codes for internal fixation, hemiarthroplasty, or total hip arthroplasty (THA)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135608/the-epidemiology-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-the-united-states-from-1998-to-2013
#7
Kimona Issa, Bassel G Diebo, Michael Faloon, Qais Naziri, Sina Pourtaheri, Carl B Paulino, Arash Emami
STUDY DESIGN: This is a epidemiological database analysis. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this article are to assess the following characteristics of vertebral osteomyelitis (VO): (1) incidence and patient demographics, (2) mortality rate, (3) length-of-stay (LOS), and (4) admission costs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: VO is a serious disease with potentially devastating clinical consequences. At present, there is limited data on the epidemiology of VO in the United States as previous reports are based on older studies with small sample sizes...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134433/practice-makes-perfect-relationship-between-hospital-procedure-volume-and-permanent-pacemaker-implantation-after-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#8
Vratika Agarwal, Neeraj Shah, Kathan Mehta, Anand Agarwal, Jonathan Willner, James Lafferty
PURPOSE: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) ablation can result in injury to the atrioventricular (AV) node causing complete heart block requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantation. Few studies have examined the impact of hospital PSVT ablation volume and PPM implantation rates post ablation. METHODS: We included adult patients from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database, from 1998 to 2011, using ICD-9 diagnoses codes 427.0 and 427.89 for PSVT and ICD-9 procedure code 37...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134345/trends-in-mechanical-circulatory-support-use-and-hospital-mortality-among-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-non-infarction-related-cardiogenic-shock-in-the-united-states
#9
Mahek Shah, Soumya Patnaik, Brijesh Patel, Pradhum Ram, Lohit Garg, Manyoo Agarwal, Sahil Agrawal, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Joyce Wald, Ulrich P Jorde
BACKGROUND: Recent trends on outcomes in cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating acute myocardial infarction (AMI) suggest improvements in early survival. However, with the ever-changing landscape in management of CS, we sought to identify age-based trends in these outcomes and mechanical circulatory support (MCS) use among patients with both AMI and non-AMI associated shock. METHODS: We queried the 2005-2014 Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases to identify patients with a diagnosis of cardiogenic shock...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130875/predictors-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Mariano E Menendez, Eric M Greber, Charles S Schumacher, C Lowry Barnes
Although acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a feared medical complication after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), little is known about its incidence and risk factors. The purpose of this retrospective populationbased study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2008-2011) was to determine the incidence and predictors of AIS following TKA. The rate of perioperative AIS was 0.08%. Patients undergoing bilateral TKA were almost three times more likely to develop AIS compared with unilateral TKA patients. The age group with the highest odds of AIS was ≥85 years...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127770/the-burden-of-firearm-violence-in-the-united-states-stricter-laws-result-in-safer-states
#11
Faisal Jehan, Viraj Pandit, Terence O'Keeffe, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Saad A Tai, Andrew Tang, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increasing firearm violence has resulted in a strong drive for stricter firearm legislations. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between firearm legislations and firearm-related injuries across states in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with trauma related hospitalization using the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with firearm-related injury were identified using E-codes...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126268/duration-of-antibiotic-use-among-adults-with-uncomplicated-community-acquired-pneumonia-requiring-hospitalization-in-the-united-states
#12
Sarah H Yi, Kelly M Hatfield, James Baggs, Lauri A Hicks, Arjun Srinivasan, Sujan Reddy, John A Jernigan
Background: Previous studies suggest duration of antibiotic therapy for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) often exceeds national recommendations and might represent an important opportunity to improve antibiotic stewardship nationally. The objective of this study was to determine average length of antibiotic therapy (LOT) for patients treated for uncomplicated CAP in US hospitals and proportion of patients with excessive durations. Methods: Records of retrospective cohorts of patients 18-64 years with private insurance and ≥65 years with Medicare hospitalized for CAP in 2012-13 were utilized...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118801/trends-in-endovascular-treatment-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhages
#13
Tapan Mehta, Neil Datta, Smit Patel, Kathan Mehta, Mohammed Hussain, Inaam Kureshi, Martin Ollenschleger, Amre Nouh
Introduction: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) accounts for 5% of all strokes; 30-day mortality is as high as 40%. We sought to evaluate outcomes of aSAH patients treated 2004-2014 by endovascular therapy (EVT), to demonstrate associated trends, and to evaluate angioplasty use for aSAH-related cerebral vasospasm. Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database 2004-2014 was used to derive a study cohort using ICD-9 codes. Survey procedures were used to adjust for stratified cluster design of NIS...
October 2017: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112234/impact-of-the-insurance-type-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-on-their-hospitalization-utilization-patterns
#14
Avni Gupta, Stephen T Sonis, Eric B Schneider, Alessandro Villa
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with Medicaid, Medicare, or no insurance show poor outcomes in comparison with privately insured patients. It was hypothesized that nonprivate insurance coverage biases the selection of the treatment site to favor hospitals that are not associated with optimum treatment outcomes. This study assessed the relation between the insurance type of HNC patients and the hospital type for inpatient care. METHODS: Adult HNC patients were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2012 and 2013)...
November 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108662/hospital-length-of-stay-and-cost-burden-of-hiv-tuberculosis-and-hiv-tuberculosis-coinfection-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#15
Adeola Falana, Vanessa Akpojiyovwi, Esther Sey, Andika Akpaffiong, Olive Agumbah, Samara Chienye, Jamie Banks, Erin Jones, Kiara K Spooner, Jason L Salemi, Omonike A Olaleye, Sherri D Onyiego, Hamisu M Salihu
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine hospital length of stay (LOS) and cost burden associated with hospital admissions among pregnant women with HIV monoinfection, tuberculosis (TB) monoinfection, or HIV-TB coinfection in the United States. METHODS: Analysis covered the period from 2002-2014 using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Relevant ICD-9-CM codes were used to determine HIV and TB status. Costs associated with hospitalization were calculated and adjusted to 2010 dollars using the medical care component of the Consumer Price Index...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104296/efficient-computation-of-reduced-regression-models
#16
Stuart R Lipsitz, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Debajyoti Sinha, Nathanael Hevelone, Edward Giovannucci, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Jim C Hu
We consider settings where it is of interest to fit and assess regression submodels that arise as various explanatory variables are excluded from a larger regression model. The larger model is referred to as the full model; the submodels are the reduced models. We show that a computationally efficient approximation to the regression estimates under any reduced model can be obtained from a simple weighted least squares (WLS) approach based on the estimated regression parameters and covariance matrix from the full model...
2017: American Statistician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104030/orthognathic-surgical-outcomes-in-patients-with-and-without-craniofacial-anomalies
#17
Zohra Metalwala, Christopher Okunseri, Steven Fletcher, Veerasathpurush Allareddy
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to examine hospitalization outcomes after orthognathic surgery. This study tests the hypothesis that patients with craniofacial anomalies have higher billed hospital charges, longer lengths of stay, and increased odds of development of infectious complications when compared with patients without craniofacial anomalies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample for the years 2012 and 2013 was used. All patients who underwent an orthognathic surgical procedure were selected...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096872/variation-in-markup-of-general-surgical-procedures-by-hospital-market-concentration
#18
Marcelo Cerullo, Sophia Y Chen, Mary Dillhoff, Carl R Schmidt, Joseph K Canner, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Increasing hospital market concentration (with concomitantly decreasing hospital market competition) may be associated with rising hospital prices. Hospital markup - the relative increase in price over costs - has been associated with greater hospital market concentration. METHODS: Patients undergoing a cardiothoracic or gastrointestinal procedure in the 2008-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) were identified and linked to Hospital Market Structure Files...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078892/high-perioperative-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-with-malignant-nonfunctional-adrenal-tumors
#19
Andrea R Marcadis, Gustavo A Rubio, Zahra F Khan, Josefina C Farra, John I Lew
BACKGROUND: Both functional (hormone hypersecreting) and nonfunctional (nonhypersecreting) adrenal tumors can have benign or malignant pathology. This study compares perioperative in-hospital outcomes after adrenalectomy in patients with benign versus malignant nonfunctional primary adrenal tumors. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was performed using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2006-2011) to identify patients who underwent unilateral open or laparoscopic adrenalectomy for nonfunctional primary adrenal tumors...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078872/emergency-general-surgery-transfers-in-the-united-states-a-10-year-analysis
#20
Caroline E Reinke, Michael Thomason, Lauren Paton, Lynn Schiffern, Nigel Rozario, Brent D Matthews
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery (EGS) admissions account for more than three million hospitalizations in the US annually; and interhospital transfers (IHTs) are costly. We aimed to better understand the population of transferred EGS patients and their subsequent care in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Using the 2002-2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified patients aged ≥18 years with an EGS noncardiovascular principal diagnosis who were transferred from another hospital with urgent or emergent admission status...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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