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Nationwide inpatient sample

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919566/predicting-short-term-outcome-after-surgery-for-primary-spinal-tumors-based-on-patient-frailty
#1
A Karim Ahmed, C Rory Goodwin, Rafael De la Garza-Ramos, Rachel C Kim, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Risheng Xu, Daniel M Sciubba
OBJECTIVE: The concept of 'Frailty,' i.e. decreased physiologic reserve and increased vulnerability to stressors beyond what is expected for normal aging is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to develop a preoperative frailty index (STFI) for patients undergoing surgery for primary spinal column tumors that predicts morbidity, mortality, and length of stay. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2002 to 2011 was used to identify patients who underwent surgery for a primary spinal tumor...
September 14, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914694/the-association-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Mohammad M Asfari, Fadi Niyazi, Rocio Lopez, Srinivasan Dasarathy, Arthur J McCullough
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and abnormal liver enzymes has been reported in multiple studies. The existing literature regarding the relationship between OSA and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is conflicting. Thus we aimed to determine the relationship between OSA and NASH from a large database. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using the 2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. We identified adult patients (18-90 years) who had a diagnosis of OSA using the International Classification of Diseases 9th version codes...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905638/higher-risk-of-bleeding-in-asians-presenting-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-analysis-of-the-national-inpatient-sample-database
#3
Naoki Misumida, Gbolahan O Ogunbayo, Sun Moon Kim, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Ayman Elbadawi, Richard J Charnigo, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Khaled M Ziada
Bleeding is a major complication in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Several studies suggested that Asians are more susceptible to bleeding when treated with antiplatelets, anticoagulants, and thrombolytic agents. In our study, we aimed to investigate the association between Asian ethnicity and bleeding events in patients who presented with STEMI. We analyzed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2002 to 2013 and identified patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of STEMI...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904267/trends-in-hospitalizations-for-cardiac-sarcoidosis-in-the-united-states-2005-2011
#4
Xiaofan Guo, Eric Vittinghoff, Vasanth Vedantham, Mark J Pletcher, Byron K Lee
BACKGROUND: Cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is a life-threatening disease that is frequently under-diagnosed.Methods and Results:We used a nationwide inpatient sample to identify CS patients from 2005 to 2011 in the USA. The annual admissions of CS increased from 1,108 in 2005 to 2,182 in 2011, representing a 2-fold rise over a short time. The proportions of CS patients with severe comorbidities, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation and heart failure all increased from 2005 to 2011...
September 13, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902787/venous-thromboembolism-is-associated-with-adverse-outcomes-in-hospitalized-patients-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Guru Trikudanathan, Chandraprakash Umapathy, Satish Munigala, Mahesh Gajendran, Darwin L Conwell, Martin L Freeman, Somashekar G Krishna
OBJECTIVES: The systemic inflammatory cascade and vascular stasis in hospitalized patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) serve as a milieu for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our aim was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of VTE in AP and to evaluate its impact on clinical outcomes of AP. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2011) was reviewed to identify all patients hospitalized with AP. Patients with a concomitant diagnosis of VTE were compared with those without...
October 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902601/impact-of-diabetes-on-perioperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-elective-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#6
Siddharth Mahure, Brent Mollon, Mary Quien, Raj Karia, Joseph Zuckerman, Young Kwon
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes has been associated with negative outcomes following orthopaedic surgery. While previous studies have reported on diabetes-associated complications in shoulder arthroplasty, those cohorts were heterogeneous in terms of patient population, nature of elective surgery, and arthroplasty type. Given that the number of elective total shoulder arthroplasties (TSAs) performed has grown substantially in volume and is predicted to rise even further, it is important to recognize the role that diabetes may play in developing in-hospital complications within a more homogenous sample of patients undergoing elective TSA...
May 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893494/multimorbidity-is-associated-with-increased-rates-of-depression-in-patients-hospitalized-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-states
#7
Charles C Chima, Jason L Salemi, Miranda Wang, Maria C Mejia de Grubb, Sandra J Gonzalez, Roger J Zoorob
AIMS: Information on the burden and risk factors for diabetes-depression comorbidity in the US is sparse. We used data from the largest all-payer, nationally-representative inpatient database in the US to estimate the prevalence, temporal trends, and risk factors for comorbid depression among adult diabetic inpatients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis using the 2002-2014 Nationwide Inpatient Sample databases. Depression and other comorbidities were identified using ICD-9-CM codes...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892185/prevalence-comorbidities-and-mortality-of-toxic-shock-syndrome-in-united-states-children-and-adults
#8
Mark A Strom, Derek Y Hsu, Jonathan I Silverberg
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a superantigen-mediated illness characterized by rash, hypotension and multi-organ dysfunction. The predictors of TSS and related morbidity and mortality are poorly defined. We analyzed data on 61,959,084 hospitalizations from the 2003-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a 20% stratified sample of US hospitalizations. ICD-9-CM coding was used to identify 4,491 hospitalizations with a diagnosis of TSS. Incidence, in-hospital mortality rate, comorbidities, length of stay and costs of care due to TSS were determined...
September 11, 2017: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884980/perioperative-stroke-in-hospital-mortality-and-postoperative-morbidity-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-nationwide-study
#9
Parthasarathy D Thirumala, Felix D Nguyen, Amol Mehta, John Schindler, Suresh Mulukutla, Vinodh Jeevanantham, Lawrence Wechsler, Thomas Gleason
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Perioperative stroke is a significant complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This study aimed to quantify perioperative stroke as an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality and postoperative morbidity in patients receiving TAVI. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the National Inpatient Sample. Patients undergoing TAVI during 2012 and 2013 were identified using diagnostic codes of International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882522/hospital-competitive-intensity-and-perioperative-outcomes-following-lumbar-spinal-fusion
#10
Wesley M Durand, Joseph R Johnson, Neill Y Li, JaeWon Yang, Adam E M Eltorai, J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Inter-hospital competition has been shown to influence adoption of surgical techniques and approaches, clinical patient outcomes, and healthcare resource utilization for select surgical procedures. However, little is known regarding these dynamics as they relate to spine surgery. PURPOSE: This investigation sought to examine the relationship between inter-hospital competitive intensity and perioperative outcomes following lumbar spinal fusion...
September 4, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882352/adult-spinal-deformity-national-trends-in-the-presentation-treatment-and-perioperative-outcomes-from-2003-to-2010
#11
Peter G Passias, Cyrus M Jalai, Nancy Worley, Shaleen Vira, Bryan Marascalchi, Shearwood McClelland, Virginie Lafage, Thomas J Errico
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospective database. OBJECTIVES: To investigate adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery outcome trends on a nationwide scale using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2003 to 2010. METHODS: ASD patients ≥25 years from 2003 to 2010 in the NIS undergoing anterior, posterior, or combined surgical approaches were included. Fractures, 9+ levels fused, or any cancer were excluded. Patient demographics, hospital data, and procedure-related complications were evaluated...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882333/trends-and-outcomes-of-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-hemodialysis
#12
Sami Aljohani, Fahad Alqahtani, Ahmad Almustafa, Khaled Boobes, Sujal Modi, Mohamad Alkhouli
Hemodialysis (HD) patients with aortic stenosis are less likely to undergo aortic valve replacement (AVR) due to their excess perioperative mortality. We aimed to evaluate contemporary utilization and outcomes of combined and isolated AVR in HD patients. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify 142,046 patients who underwent AVR in 2005 to 2014, of whom 2,264 (1.6%) were on HD. Crude and adjusted in-hospital outcomes and costs were assessed in unmatched and propensity-matched cohorts of HD and non-HD patients, respectively...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881379/trends-in-major-upper-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-in-octogenarians-has-there-been-a-change-in-patient-selection
#13
Madalyn G Neuwirth, Christine Bierema, Andrew J Sinnamon, Douglas L Fraker, Rachel R Kelz, Robert E Roses, Giorgos C Karakousis
BACKGROUND: Although there is a general perception that, as the older population grows in number, more are undergoing surgery, there are few data on trends in major resections for cancer and short-term outcomes in this group. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was (NIS) used to estimate the national trends of major upper abdominal resections (esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas) for cancer in octogenarians (aged ≥80 years) from 2001 to 2011. Resection rates performed per year were incidence-adjusted within this age group for each cancer type as determined by the NIS database...
September 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872529/in-hospital-complications-following-ankle-arthrodesis-versus-ankle-arthroplasty-a-matched-cohort-study
#14
Susan M Odum, Bryce A Van Doren, Robert B Anderson, W Hodges Davis
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthrodesis has been the traditional surgical treatment for end-stage hindfoot arthritis. However, utilization of total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is increasing as surgical techniques and implants have substantially improved. The purpose of this study was to compare the U.S. national rates of perioperative (in-hospital) complications between a statistically matched cohort of patients who underwent either an ankle arthrodesis or a TAA. METHODS: Data from the 2002 to 2013 Nationwide Inpatient Sample releases were analyzed...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867305/the-effect-of-hospital-teaching-status-on-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery
#15
Colette S Inaba, Christina Y Koh, Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Yoon Lee, Marija Pejcinovska, Ninh T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown conflicting effects of resident involvement on outcomes after laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Resident involvement may be a proxy for a teaching environment in which multiple factors affect patient outcomes. However, no study has examined outcomes of laparoscopic bariatric surgery based on hospital teaching status. OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) between teaching hospitals (THs) and nonteaching hospitals (NTHs)...
July 20, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865456/the-effect-of-preoperative-liver-dysfunction-on-cardiac-surgery-outcomes
#16
Luiz Araujo, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Wali Kamran, Ashleigh Lemaire, Antonio Chiricolo, Leonard Y Lee, Anthony Lemaire
BACKGROUND: To determine the impact of preoperative Liver Dysfunction (LD) on outcomes after elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) and Valvular surgery (VS). METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2010) was queried to identify patients with LD who had elective CABG or VS utilizing ICD-9-CM diagnosis and procedure codes. These patients were matched with the similar patients without LD (controls) by propensity score matching. Chi-square and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used for analysis...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864991/evaluating-safety-of-thrombolysis-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-presenting-with-pulmonary-embolism-using-propensity-score-matching
#17
Brijesh Patel, Naveen Sablani, Mahek Shah, Lohit Garg, Manyoo Agarwal, Sahil Agrawal, Susan Steigerwalt, Raman Dusaj
To assess the safety of thrombolytic therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who present with pulmonary embolism (PE). We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database to identify patients who underwent thrombolysis for PE between 2010 and 2014. The patients were divided into two groups: (1) No CKD and (2) CKD. Patients with and without CKD were matched using 1:1 propensity score matching and a caliper width of 0.01. The primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and hemorrhagic events. The secondary outcomes were blood transfusions, length of stay and total hospitalization charge...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864374/trends-in-the-incidence-and-in-hospital-outcomes-of-cardiogenic-shock-complicating-thyroid-storm
#18
Divyanshu Mohananey, Nathaniel Smilowitz, Pedro A Villablanca, Nirmanmoh Bhatia, Sahil Agrawal, Anushka Baruah, Muhammad S Ali, Sripal Bangalore, Harish Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Thyroid storm (TS) constitutes an endocrine emergency with an incidence of up to 10% of all admissions for thyrotoxicosis. Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a rare complication of TS and very limited data exists on its incidence and outcomes. We aimed to estimate the national trends in incidence and outcomes of CS among patients admitted to US hospitals with TS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the nationwide inpatient sample for patients with the discharge diagnosis of TS between the years of 2003 and 2011...
August 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864171/increased-mortality-among-patients-with-acute-leukemia-admitted-on-weekends-compared-to-weekdays
#19
Kaushal Parikh, Mahek Shah, Dhruv Mehta, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Delong Liu
BACKGROUND: The association between weekend admission and patient outcomes has been reported in several acute illnesses but is unknown in acute leukemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the 2002 to 2014 Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of acute leukemia. Admissions were classified as weekend or weekday admissions for comparison. Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to analyze predictors of hospital mortality...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860150/enduring-enrolments-in-west-virginia-s-medicaid-programme-due-to-severe-injury
#20
Michael Smith, Ted R Miller, Eduard Zaloshnja
OBJECTIVE: To assess frequency, duration and costs of Medicaid conversions that occur when severe injury causes patients to enrol in Medicaid to pay their hospital bills. Once enrolled, Medicaid pays all their medical bills, not simply their injury bill. DATA SOURCES: 2000-2005 West Virginia Medicaid claims data and 2000-2006 eligibility data for new enrollees under the age of 65. To model national costs, published Medicaid conversion rates across 14 states for 2003 and 2008 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Program Nationwide Inpatient Sample data...
August 31, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
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