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Nationwide inpatient sample

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330153/heart-failure-in-pregnant-women-a-concern-across-the-pregnancy-continuum
#1
Mulubrhan F Mogos, Mariann R Piano, Barbara L McFarlin, Jason L Salemi, Kylea L Liese, Joan E Briller
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States, but prevalence, correlates, and outcomes of HF-related hospitalization during antepartum, delivery, and postpartum periods remain unknown. The objective was to examine HF prevalence, correlates, and outcomes among pregnancy-related hospitalizations among women 13 to 49 years of age. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the 2001 to 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
January 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327152/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-status-epilepticus-secondary-to-intracerebral-hemorrhage-results-from-the-us-nationwide-inpatient-sample
#2
Amol Mehta, Benjamin E Zusman, Lori A Shutter, Ravi Choxi, Ahmed Yassin, Arun Antony, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus (SE) has been identified as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in many acute brain injury patient populations. We aimed to assess the prevalence and impact of SE after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in a large patient sample to overcome limitations in previous small patient sample studies. METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for patients admitted for ICH from 1999 to 2011, excluding patients with other acute brain injuries...
January 11, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325063/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-in-hiv-patients-from-1998-to-2012-a-nationwide-analysis
#3
Kathan Mehta, Annie Im, Farah Rahman, Hong Wang, Peter Veldkamp
Background: Prior studies have shown that outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in HIV (+) patients are similar to HIV (-) patients since effective implementation of HAART by 1998; but they are limited by small sample size or non-inclusion of recent data. Methods: We queried National Inpatient Sample, a large inpatient dataset in the US, from 1998 to 2012 for HSCT using ICD9 procedure code 41.0. HIV patients were identified by ICD9 diagnostic code of 042, 043, 044, V08 and 079...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324599/risk-factors-incidence-and-morbidity-associated-with-obstetric-clostridium-difficile-infection
#4
Jacob Ruiter-Ligeti, Sophie Vincent, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Haim Arie Abenhaim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors, incidence, and morbidity associated with the diagnosis of obstetric Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study on women admitted for delivery using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample from the United States. The delivery admission records of pregnant women were reviewed between 1999 and 2013. After adjusting for demographic and clinical characteristics, we assessed risk factors for the diagnosis of C difficile infection using unconditional logistic regression...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322961/perioperative-strokes-following-combined-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-carotid-endarterectomy-a-nationwide-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Reshmi Udesh, Hannah Cheng, Amol Mehta, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
BACKGROUND: To assess the risk of perioperative stroke on in-hospital morbidity and mortality following combined coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for all patients who underwent CABG with CEA were identified using ICD-9 codes. Combined procedures were identified as CEA and CABG procedures that happened on the same day. Various preoperative and perioperative risk factors and their association with in-hospital mortality and morbidity were studied...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313553/have-the-yearly-trends-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-decreased
#6
Lee Bloom, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Nipun Sodhi, Robert Pivec, Assem A Sultan, Neil V Shah, Jaiben George, Anton Khlopas, Kim L Stearns, Carl B Paulino, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterized by spinal inflammation and structural damage, primarily to the axial skeleton and sacroiliac joints. Between 25% and 70% of patients may experience progressive peripheral joint involvement, which, despite advancement in pharmacologic therapy, may necessitate surgical intervention. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) yields improved pain and functional outcomes for AS patients with hip involvement. It is unclear whether the annual rates of patients undergoing THA have changed due to newer pharmacologic management...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312837/recreational-marijuana-use-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#7
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Shobhit Sharma, Parth Amin, Rushikkumar Bhuva, Malav S Patel, Nitin Sharma, Manan Shah, Smit Patel, Sejal Savani, Neha Batra, Gautam Kumar
Background Marijuana is a widely used recreational substance. Few cases have been reported of acute myocardial infarction following marijuana use. To our knowledge, this is the first ever study analyzing the lifetime odds of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with marijuana use and the outcomes in AMI patients with versus without marijuana use. Methods We queried the 2010-2014 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database for 11-70-year-old AMI patients. Pearson Chi-square test for categorical variables and Student T-test for continuous variables were used to compare the baseline demographic and hospital characteristics between two groups (without vs...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312714/off-vs-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-on-hospital-outcomes-in-134-117-octogenarians
#8
Umberto Benedetto, Gianni D Angelini, Massimo Caputo, Dmitriy N Feldman, Luke K Kim, Christopher Lau, Antonino Di Franco, Leonard N Girardi, Mario Gaudino
Background: In octogenarian patients there is a potential for more tangible clinical benefits from off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) compared to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (COCAB). We aimed to investigate whether, compared to COCAB, OPCAB is associated with better operative outcomes in octogenarians by analyzing the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) databases 2003-2011. Methods: Of the 134,117 discharge records from 797 hospitals analyzed of patients aged ≥80 years undergoing first time isolated CABG from 2003 to 2011, 70...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311395/risk-and-prognosis-of-acute-liver-injury-among-hospitalized-patients-with-hemodynamic-instability-a-nationwide-analysis
#9
Najeff Waseem, Berkeley N Limketkai, Brian Kim, Tinsay Woreta, Ahmet Gurakar, Po-Hung Chen
Risk and Prognosis of Acute Liver Injury Among Hospitalized Patients with Hemodynamic Instability: A Nationwide Analysis Introduction and aim. Critically ill patients in states of circulatory failure are at risk of acute liver injury, from mild elevations in aminotransferases to substantial rises consistent with hypoxic hepatitis or "shock liver". The present study aims to quantify the national prevalence of acute liver injury in patients with hemodynamic instability, identify risk factors for its development, and determine predictors of mortality...
January 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307331/warmer-weather-as-a-risk-factor-for-hospitalisations-due-to-urinary-tract-infections
#10
J E Simmering, J E Cavanaugh, L A Polgreen, P M Polgreen
The incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) is seasonal, and this seasonality may be explained by changes in weather, specifically, temperature. Using data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified the geographic location for 581 813 hospital admissions with the primary diagnosis of a UTI and 56 630 773 non-UTI hospitalisations in the United States. Next, we used data from the National Climatic Data Center to estimate the monthly average temperature for each location. Using a case-control design, we modelled the odds of a hospital admission having a primary diagnosis of UTI as a function of demographics, payer, location, patient severity, admission month, year and the average temperature for the admission month...
January 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305925/use-of-therapeutic-hypothermia-among-patients-with-coagulation-disorders-a-nationwide-analysis
#11
Mahek Shah, Kaushal Parikh, Brijesh Patel, Manyoo Agarwal, Lohit Garg, Sahil Agrawal, Shilpkumar Arora, Nilay Patel, Nainesh Patel, William H Frishman
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the impact of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on bleeding and in-hospital mortality among patients with coagulation disorders (CD). BACKGROUND: TH affects coagulation factors and platelets putting patients at risk for bleeding and worse outcomes. Effect of TH among patients with CD remains understudied. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, a total of 6,469 cases of TH were identified using the National Inpatient Sample out of which 1,036 (16...
January 3, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299482/have-the-annual-trends-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-decreased
#12
Kemjika O Onuoha, Max Solow, Jared M Newman, Nipun Sodhi, Robert Pivec, Anton Khlopas, Assem A Sultan, Morad Chughtai, Neil V Shah, Jaiben George, Michael A Mont
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by chronic systemic and synovial inflammation, resulting in damage to both cartilage and bone. Medical treatment, which has increasingly relied upon disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), may fail to slow disease progression and limit joint damage, ultimately warranting surgical intervention. Up to 25% of RA patients will require lower extremity total joint arthroplasty. Though total hip arthroplasty (THA) is known to improve quality of life and functional measures, clarification is still required with respect to the impact of increased DMARD use on annual rates of THA...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299476/have-the-annual-trends-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-decreased
#13
Roby Abraham, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Qais Naziri, Nipun Sodhi, Anton Khlopas, Jaiben George, Neil V Shah, Assem A Sultan, Morad Chughtai, John W Barrington, Carl B Paulino, Michael A Mont
Background: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterized by osteoproliferation-induced structural damage and spinal inflammation, which lead to spinal deformity and functional disability. Though AS commonly affects the axial skeleton and sacroiliac joints, up to 70% of patients have involvement of the knees and other joints. Despite pharmacological efforts, advancing joint involvement may ultimately require surgical intervention. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is effective in managing patients with AS, yet it remains unclear whether or not the annual rates of TKA have been affected...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299444/temporal-trends-and-outcomes-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-cancer
#14
Naga Venkata Pothineni, Nishi N Shah, Yogita Rochlani, Marwan Saad, Swathi Kovelamudi, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis, Sabha Bhatti, Mehmet Cilingiroglu, Wilbert S Aronow, Abdul Hakeem
Background: Data on outcomes of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in patients with cancer are scarce. We investigated the nationwide trends in admissions for STEMI, utilization of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and in-hospital outcomes in patients with the three most common cancer diagnoses (lung, breast, and colon) compared to patients without cancer. Methods: We conducted an administrative database study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS)...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298452/have-the-annual-trends-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-changed
#15
Matthew A Harb, Max Solow, Jared M Newman, Nipun Sodhi, Robert Pivec, Jaiben George, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Neil V Shah, Martin W Roche, Michael A Mont
As the use of disease modifying antirheumatic drugs have increased, it remains unclear whether or not this has affected the rates of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the annual trends of RA patients who underwent TKA. Specifically, we evaluated: (1) the annual trends of TKAs due to RA in the United States population; and (2) the annual trends in the proportion of TKAs due to RA in the United States. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify all patients who underwent TKA between 2002 and 2013 (n = 6,492,873)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284067/comparison-of-outcome-and-cost-among-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-surgical-treatments-for-rectal-cancer-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-of-nationwide-inpatient-sample-data
#16
Szu-Ta Chen, Meng-Che Wu, Tzu-Chun Hsu, Debra W Yen, Chia-Na Chang, Wan-Ting Hsu, Chia-Chun Wang, Matthew Lee, Shing-Hwa Liu, Chien-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies evaluating outcomes of different approaches for rectal cancer are scarce. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database between 2008 and 2012. We compared the outcomes and costs among rectal cancer patients undergoing robotic, laparoscopic, or open surgeries using propensity scores for adjusted and matched analysis. RESULTS: We identified 194 957 rectal cancer patients...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282637/changing-epidemiology-of-upper-gastrointestinal-hemorrhage-in-the-last-decade-a-nationwide-analysis
#17
Brandon A Wuerth, Don C Rockey
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is common and carries substantial mortality requiring frequent hospitalizations. AIM: To investigate trends in etiology and outcome of UGIH in hospitalized patients in the USA. METHODS: Retrospective, observational cohort study of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012 was carried out. UGIH was identified in hospitalizations with a principle ICD-9-CM diagnosis of UGIH or secondary diagnosis of UGIH with a principal diagnosis of hematemesis, blood in stool, or gastrointestinal bleeding...
December 27, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282601/decreased-use-of-sphincter-preserving-procedures-among-african-americans-with-rectal-cancer
#18
Elliot G Arsoniadis, Yunhua Fan, Stephanie Jarosek, Wolfgang B Gaertner, Genevieve B Melton, Robert D Madoff, Mary R Kwaan
BACKGROUND: Improved multimodality rectal cancer treatment has increased the use of sphincter-preserving surgery. This study sought to determine whether African American (AA) patients with rectal cancer receive sphincter-preserving surgery at the same rate as non-AA patients. METHODS: The study used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample for years 1998-2012 to compare AA and non-AA patients with rectal cancer undergoing low anterior resection or abdominoperineal resection...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280482/national-trends-in-primary-tracheoesophageal-puncture-after-total-laryngectomy
#19
Rosh K V Sethi, Daniel G Deschler
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) can be performed at the time of laryngectomy (primary) or postoperatively (secondary). Prior studies demonstrate safe and earlier voice acquisition and rehabilitation with primary TEP. The objectives of this study were to assess national trends in primary TEP and identify factors associated with its use. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2010 to 2014 was performed...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275828/financial-impact-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-operations-in-the-united-states
#20
Husain N Alshaikh, Nevin M Katz, Faiz Gani, Neeraja Nagarajan, Joseph K Canner, Seema Kacker, Peter A Najjar, Robert S Higgins, Eric B Schneider
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after major cardiac operations is a potentially avoidable complication associated with increased morbidity, death, and costly long-term treatment. The financial impact of AKI at the population level has not been well defined. We sought to determine the incremental index hospital cost associated with the development of AKI. METHODS: All patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve replacement operations, or both (clinical classification software codes 43 and 44), between 2008 and 2011 were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample...
December 21, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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