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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132469/-clinical-characteristics-and-prognostic-analysis-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-complicated-by-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury
#1
Lian Duan, Guo-Huang Hu, Meng Jiang, Cheng-Liang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perioperative clinical data of children with congenital heart disease complicated by acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery, and to explore potential factors influencing the prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed among 118 children with congenital heart disease who developed AKI within 48 hours after CPB surgery. RESULTS: In the 118 patients, 18 died after 48 hours of surgery...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119033/the-utility-of-mri-in-the-diagnosis-of-takayasu-arteritis
#2
Marian Gaballah, Rachelle Goldfisher, John B Amodio
Takayasu Arteritis (TA) is an inflammatory disorder involving the thoracoabdominal aorta and its branches and the pulmonary arteries, with eventual vascular stenosis, occlusion, or aneurysm formation. Conventional angiography has been the reference imaging standard for diagnosis of TA. The purpose of this case report is to demonstrate the utility of MR imaging and MR angiography in the diagnosis of Takayasu Arteritis in a pediatric patient. The patient is a 15-year-old female patient presenting with anemia, hypertension, and acute kidney injury...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112541/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-surgery
#3
Aamer B Ahmed, Andreas Koster, Marcus Lance, David Faraoni
: None of the predictive models for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis have been designed for and validated in patients undergoing cardiothoracic and vascular surgery. The presence of one or more risk factors [age over 70 years old, transfusion of more than 4 U of red blood cells/fresh frozen plasma/cryoprecipitate, mechanical ventilation lasting more than 24 h, postoperative complication (e.g. acute kidney injury, infection/sepsis, neurological complication)] should place the cardiac population at high risk for VTE...
November 6, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110930/determinants-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-renal-function-decline-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#4
Randolph G Statius van Eps, Banne Nemeth, Ronne T A Mairuhu, Jan J Wever, Hugo T C Veger, Hans van Overhagen, Lukas C van Dijk, Bob Knippenberg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) may be associated with renal injury and more insight is needed into potential risk factors. The aim was to identify clinical, anatomical, and peri-procedural parameters as potential risk factors for the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and to evaluate chronic kidney disease (CKD) after EVAR. METHODS: A cohort of 212 consecutive patients who underwent elective EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm from January 2009 to October 2016 was included...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107324/daytime-variation-of-perioperative-myocardial-injury-in-cardiac-surgery-and-its-prevention-by-rev-erb%C3%AE-antagonism-a-single-centre-propensity-matched-cohort-study-and-a-randomised-study
#5
David Montaigne, Xavier Marechal, Thomas Modine, Augustin Coisne, Stéphanie Mouton, Georges Fayad, Sandro Ninni, Cédric Klein, Staniel Ortmans, Claire Seunes, Charlotte Potelle, Alexandre Berthier, Celine Gheeraert, Catherine Piveteau, Rebecca Deprez, Jérome Eeckhoute, Hélène Duez, Dominique Lacroix, Benoit Deprez, Bruno Jegou, Mohamed Koussa, Jean-Louis Edme, Philippe Lefebvre, Bart Staels
BACKGROUND: On-pump cardiac surgery provokes a predictable perioperative myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. We determined the occurrence of time-of-the-day variation in perioperative myocardial injury in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement and its molecular mechanisms. METHODS: We studied the incidence of major adverse cardiac events in a prospective observational single-centre cohort study of patients with severe aortic stenosis and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (>50%) who were referred to our cardiovascular surgery department at Lille University Hospital (Lille, France) for aortic valve replacement and underwent surgery in the morning or afternoon...
October 26, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100589/effect-of-access-site-choice-on-acute-kidney-injury-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Maitri S Pancholy, Kimberly Skelding, Thomas Scott, James Blankenship, Samir B Pancholy
Acute kidney injury (AKI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with worse outcomes. Consecutive patients undergoing PCI between 2005 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients undergoing PCI using transfemoral access (TFA) were categorized as the TFA Group, and those using transradial access (TRA) were categorized as the TRA Group. Post-PCI AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine >0.5 mg/dl or >25% increase from baseline 48 to 72 hours after the procedure. Independent predictors of post-PCI AKI were identified using inverse probability weighted multivariable analysis...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092795/commentary-on-determinants-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-renal-function-decline-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#7
Stavros K Kakkos, Evangelos C Papachristou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089579/transfemoral-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-and-kidney-transplant-recipients
#8
Fadi Al-Rashid, Anja Bienholz, Heike Annelie Hildebrandt, Polycarpos-Christos Patsalis, Matthias Totzeck, Andreas Kribben, Daniel Wendt, Heinz Jakob, Alexander Lind, Rolf Alexander Jánosi, Tienush Rassaf, Philipp Kahlert
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has evolved to a treatment of choice in high-risk patients and is therefore ideal for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease, as patients with end-stage renal disease and kidney transplant recipients. Especially, outcome of this special patient group is very important. 22 patients with chronic kidney disease stage 5 undergoing intermittent hemodialysis treatment (CKD 5D) and 8 kidney transplant recipients (KT) with severe aortic valve stenosis underwent transfemoral TAVI...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082747/a-new-risk-factor-profile-for-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-who-underwent-an-emergency-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#9
Ying Yuan, Hong Qiu, Lei Song, Xiaoying Hu, Tong Luo, Xueyan Zhao, Jun Zhang, Yuan Wu, Shubin Qiao, Yuejin Yang, Runlin Gao
We developed a new risk factor profile for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) under a new definition in patients who underwent an emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Consecutive patients (n = 1061) who underwent an emergency PCI were divided into a derivation group (n = 761) and a validation group (n = 300). The rates of CI-AKI were 23.5% (definition 1: serum creatinine [SCr] increase ≥25% in 72 hours), 4.3% (definition 2: SCr increase ≥44.2 μmol/L in 72 hours), and 7.0% (definition 3: SCr increase ≥44...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068166/meta-analysis-of-transfemoral-tavr-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#10
Sameer Arora, Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Paula D Strassle, Jacob A Misenheimer, Jeremy A Rhodes, Cassandra J Ramm, Evan N Wheeler, Thomas G Caranasos, Matthew A Cavender, John P Vavalle
BACKGROUND: In the recently concluded PARTNER 2 trial, TF-TAVR cohort was shown to have lower risks of death or disabling strokes as compared to SAVR, whereas the outcomes with transthoracic TAVR were comparable with SAVR. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar for all comparison studies between TAVR and SAVR and mortality as an outcome, irrespective of surgical risk. Randomized controlled trials and propensity-score-matched cohort studies that used a transfemoral approach exclusively or stratified results by route of access and reported data for TF-TAVR patients were eligible for inclusion...
October 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068137/clinical-and-procedural-outcomes-with-the-sapien-3-versus-the-sapien-xt-prosthetic-valves-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Ramyashree Tummala, Kinjal Banerjee, Kesavan Sankaramangalam, Stephanie Mick, Amar Krishnaswamy, Jonathon White, Maan Fares, Anand Mehta, Zoran Popovic, Lars G Svensson, Samir R Kapadia
OBJECTIVES: The SAPIEN 3 valve (S3V) was designed to overcome the shortcomings of its predecessor, the SAPIEN XT (SXT) valve. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare their clinical outcomes and procedural characteristics. METHODS: PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL were searched by two independent reviewers. The clinical outcomes of interest were paravalvular leakage (PVL), major vascular complications (MVC), bleeding, acute kidney injury (AKI), device success, need for post dilation all-cause mortality and procedural details...
October 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062741/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve-patients
#12
Sung-Han Yoon, Rahul Sharma, Tarun Chakravarty, Hiroyuki Kawamori, Yoshio Maeno, Masaki Miyasaka, Takahiro Nomura, Tomoki Ochiai, Sharjeel Israr, Tanya Rami, Mamoo Nakamura, Wen Chen, Raj R Makkar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve stenosis (AS). METHODS: From April 2012 and December 2016, 108 patients with bicuspid AS underwent TAVR using the Sapien XT (34 patients) and Sapien 3 (74 patients) valves. Procedural and clinical outcomes were assessed according to VARC-2 criteria and compared between the two devices. RESULTS: In the overall cohort, the majority of patients were male (71...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062738/long-term-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-tavi-a-systematic-review-of-5-year-survival-and-beyond
#13
REVIEW
Adam Chakos, Ashley Wilson-Smith, Sameer Arora, Tom C Nguyen, Abhijeet Dhoble, Giuseppe Tarantini, Matthias Thielmann, John P Vavalle, Daniel Wendt, Tristan D Yan, David H Tian
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation/replacement (TAVI/TAVR) is becoming more frequently used to treat aortic stenosis (AS), with increasing push for the procedure in lower risk patients. Numerous randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that TAVI offers a suitable alternative to the current gold standard of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in terms of short-term outcomes. The present review evaluates long-term outcomes following TAVI procedures. METHODS: Literature search using three electronic databases was performed up to June 2017...
September 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054156/potential-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-to-improve-post-procedure-renal-function
#14
Bruno L R Faillace, Henrique B Ribeiro, Carlos M Campos, Adriano A M Truffa, Fernando L Bernardi, Marcos D P Oliveira, José Mariani, Julio F Marchini, Flavio Tarasoutchi, Pedro A Lemos
BACKGROUND: Baseline comorbidities including renal dysfunction are frequently found in patients treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and may increase the risks of acute kidney injury (AKI), although some of them may actually improve renal function. We aimed to evaluate the potential of TAVR to acutely improve post-procedure renal function. METHODS: This is a prospective single-center registry of consecutive patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis treated by transfemoral TAVR...
October 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050621/association-of-chronic-kidney-disease-with-in-hospital-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic%C3%A2-valve-replacement
#15
Tanush Gupta, Kashish Goel, Dhaval Kolte, Sahil Khera, Pedro A Villablanca, Wilbert S Aronow, Anna E Bortnick, David P Slovut, Cynthia C Taub, Jorge R Kizer, Robert T Pyo, J Dawn Abbott, Gregg C Fonarow, Charanjit S Rihal, Mario J Garcia, Deepak L Bhatt
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with in-hospital outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: CKD is a known independent risk factor for worse outcomes after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). However, data on outcomes of patients with CKD undergoing TAVR are limited, especially in those on chronic dialysis. METHODS: The authors used data from the 2012 to 2014 National Inpatient Sample database to identify all patients ≥18 years of age who underwent TAVR...
October 23, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049608/acute-administration-of-oestradiol-or-progesterone-in-a-spinal-cord-ischaemia-reperfusion-model-in-rats
#16
Leonardo Pessoa Cavalcante, Sueli Gomes Ferreira, Daniel Romano Pereira, Sergio Rodrigues de Moraes, Rafael Simas, Paulina Sannomiya, Ana Cristina Breithaupt-Faloppa, Luiz Felipe Pinho Moreira
OBJECTIVES: Despite research into protective pharmacological adjuncts, paraplegia persists as a dreaded complication after thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic interventions. Reports on gender-related neurological outcomes after ischaemic and traumatic brain injuries have led to increased interest in hormonal neuroprotective effects and have generated other studies seeking to prove the neuroprotective effects of the therapeutic administration of 17β-oestradiol and of progesterone. We hypothesised that acute administration of oestradiol or progesterone would prevent or attenuate spinal cord ischaemic injury induced by occlusion of the descending thoracic aorta...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033359/immediate-postoperative-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-to-predict-acute-kidney-injury-after-major-open-abdominal-aortic-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Philippe Guerci, Jean-Louis Claudot, Emmanuel Novy, Nicla Settembre, Jean-Marc Lalot, Marie-Reine Losser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993000/incidence-and-impact-of-renal-dysfunction-on-clinical-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#18
Anna Franzone, Stefan Stortecky, Thomas Pilgrim, Masahiko Asami, Jonas Lanz, Dik Heg, Bettina Langhammer, Raffaele Piccolo, Joe K T Lee, Fabien Praz, Lorenz Räber, Marco Valgimigli, Eva Roost, Stephan Windecker
BACKGROUND: The impact of baseline renal dysfunction on early and late clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains to be defined. METHODS: 927 patients included in the prospective Bern TAVI registry were classified on the basis of the baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), as having none or mild (eGFR ≥60mL/min/1.73m(2), n=284, 30.6%), moderate (eGFR between 30 and 59mL/min/1.73m(2), n=535, 57.7%) and severe (eGFR <30mL/min/1...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990736/hospital-outcomes-of-transcatheter-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-female-in-the-united-states
#19
Tomo Ando, Emmanuel Akintoye, Tesfaye Telila, Alexandros Briasouolis, Hisato Takagi, Theodore Schreiber, Luis Afonso, Cindy L Grines
OBJECTIVES: To assess the in-hospital mortality and complications in female between transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). BACKGROUND: Female is one of the risk factors for increased adverse events in cardiac surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nationwide Inpatient Sample database was queried from 2011 to 2014 for patients who underwent TAVR or SAVR in female patients. The primary endpoint was in-hospital all-cause mortality and second endpoints were perioperative complications...
October 9, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977457/the-frozen-elephant-trunk-technique-for-the-treatment-of-acute-complicated-type-b-aortic-dissection
#20
Maximilian Kreibich, Tim Berger, Julia Morlock, Stoyan Kondov, Johannes Scheumann, Fabian A Kari, Bartosz Rylski, Matthias Siepe, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Martin Czerny
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to report our preliminary results in patients with acute complicated Type B aortic dissection without a suitable landing zone for primary thoracic endovascular aortic repair who were treated with the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique. METHODS: Within a 25-month period, 14 patients with acute complicated Type B aortic dissection underwent surgical repair using the FET technique. The reasons to perform the FET procedure were an ectatic ascending aorta/arch in 6 patients and the lack of an adequate landing zone in 8 patients...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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