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Consumer Reports

Joey K Grochmal, Andrew M Lozen, Andrew P Klein, Leighton P Mark, Jianing Li, Marjorie C Wang
BACKGROUND: Although recent work has focused on characterizing quantitative MRI markers that may predict outcome among patients with cervical degenerative conditions, little is known about their reliability. Measurement and reporting of these markers is time-consuming and non-standardized, thereby preventing their routine use in clinical care. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed cervical MRI images among subjects prospectively enrolled in a health outcomes study of elective surgery for degenerative cervical spine conditions...
June 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Wilrike J Pasman, Henk F J Hendriks, Mans M Minekus, Rianne A F de Ligt, Maarten J Scholtes-Timmerman, Nard D S Clabbers, Nynke M Leonards, Jodee Johnson, Susann Bellmann
BACKGROUND: Appetite regulating properties of foods are usually investigated under laboratory conditions, whereas in real life, foods are consumed under at home conditions. The objective of this study was to compare the acute effects of breakfasts when tested in a laboratory condition and in an at home condition. Appetite regulating properties of two bread breakfasts and two cereal breakfasts were also compared. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this randomized cross-over trial balanced for laboratory and at home test conditions, thirty-two women consumed five breakfasts, i...
June 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Derick Akompab Akoku, Mbah Abena Tihnje, Thomas Achombwom Vukugah, Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang, Robinson Enow Mbu
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, risky sexual behaviour, alcohol use and transactional sex among female bar workers in Yaounde, Cameroon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a representative sample of 410 female bar workers, recruited through a modified version of venue-based cluster sampling technique from May to June 2017. Transactional sex was defined as having received money/gifts in exchange for sex with any sexual partner in the past 12 months...
2018: PloS One
Tarek Turk, Mohamed Tamer Elhady, Sherwet Rashed, Mariam Abdelkhalek, Somia Ahmed Nasef, Ashraf Mohamed Khallaf, Abdelrahman Tarek Mohammed, Andrew Wassef Attia, Purushottam Adhikari, Mohamed Alsabbahi Amin, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
BACKGROUND: Several influential aspects of survey research have been under-investigated and there is a lack of guidance on reporting survey studies, especially web-based projects. In this review, we aim to investigate the reporting practices and quality of both web- and non-web-based survey studies to enhance the quality of reporting medical evidence that is derived from survey studies and to maximize the efficiency of its consumption. METHODS: Reporting practices and quality of 100 random web- and 100 random non-web-based articles published from 2004 to 2016 were assessed using the SUrvey Reporting GuidelinE (SURGE)...
2018: PloS One
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Cian O'Mahony, Leo Meunier, Nik Loveridge, Aideen I McKevitt
Children with Phenylketonuria (PKU) and severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) consume prescribed, specially formulated, foods for special medical purposes (FSMPs) in addition to having restricted intake of normal foods. These vulnerable patients are exposed to artificial sweeteners from the consumption of a combination of both free and prescribed foods. Young patients with PKU and CMPA aged from 1-3 years have a higher risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for sweeteners than age-matched healthy children...
June 18, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Boel Niklasson, Catarina Arnelo, Susanne Georgsson Öhman, Märta Segerdahl, Agneta Blanck
Background and aims The present randomized open label parallel group study was conducted to evaluate if an oral oxycodone (OXY) regimen can be at least equally effective and as safe for postoperative analgesia after caesarean section (CS) as a standard of care program using nurse-administered intravenous morphine (IVM), followed by oral codeine. Methods Eighty women (40 + 40) were scheduled for elective CS under spinal anaesthesia. All patients received postoperative multimodal analgesic therapy, including ibuprofen and paracetamol...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
Flaviano da Silva Santos, Maria Vieira de Lima Saintrain, Luiza Jane Eyre de Souza Vieira, Edgar Gomes Marques Sampaio
We aimed to assess the prevalence and characterize the profile of elder abuse in Brazil in this quantitative descriptive and exploratory study using a document analysis of cases of elder abuse against people aged 60 and over reported to Brazil's Notifiable Disease Information System ( Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação-SINAN) from 2009 to 2013. Association between age groups (older adults and non-older adults) and (a) characteristics of the victims (gender, age, and race), (b) characteristics of the violence (type of violence, place of occurrence, and repeated violence) and, (c) characteristics of the perpetrator (gender, suspected alcohol consumption, and victim-perpetrator relationship) were assessed using the chi-square test and odds ratios (OR) with a 95% confidence interval...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Mohammad Siahpush, Paraskevi A Farazi, Shannon I Maloney, Danae Dinkel, Minh N Nguyen, Gopal K Singh
OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the association between household socioeconomic status (SES) and whether a household spends money on cigarettes and (2) socioeconomic variations in proportion of total household expenditure spent on cigarettes among smoking households. METHODS: We pooled data from six consecutive years, 2010-2015, of the Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey. The interviews involved a structured questionnaire about household income, demographics and expenditures including expenditure on cigarettes...
June 15, 2018: BMJ Open
W A Knauer, S M Godden, S M McGuirk, J Sorg
The objective of this study was to describe the effect of offering a fixed or increasing milk allowance in the first 1 to 2 wk of life. We hypothesized that calves offered a fixed amount of milk early in life would not experience more scours, but rather would experience improved health and growth compared with calves that had their daily milk allowance slowly increased over a period of 1 to 2 wk. This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 5 dairy farms in Minnesota with both a summer (June-August 2016) and winter (December-February 2017) period of enrollment...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Hoon Choi, David Harvey, Yi Ding, Nien-Hwa Linda Wang
Ligand-assisted displacement chromatography (LAD) has been developed for separating rare earth elements since the 1950's. Isotachic displacement trains, which are similar to those in conventional displacement chromatography, were reported previously. However, there has been no general theory delineating the conditions required to form constant-pattern displacement trains for non-ideal systems (or systems with significant mass transfer resistance). The constant-pattern state is critical for obtaining pure products with high yield and high productivity...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Ada Ng, Madhu Reddy, Alyson K Zalta, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: The increase in availability of patient data through consumer health wearable devices and mobile phone sensors provides opportunities for mental health treatment beyond traditional self-report measurements. Previous studies have suggested that wearables can be effectively used to benefit the physical health of people with mental health issues, but little research has explored the integration of wearable devices into mental health care. As such, early research is still necessary to address factors that might impact integration including patients' motivations to use wearables and their subsequent data...
June 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Borja Martinez-Tellez, Lourdes Ortiz-Alvarez, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Huiwen Xu, Francisco M Acosta, Elisa Merchan-Ramirez, Victoria Muñoz-Hernandez, Wendy D Martinez-Avila, Miguel A Contreras-Gomez, Angel Gil, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz
BACKGROUND & AIM: The thermic effect of food (TEF) refers to the increase of the metabolic rate and body temperature in response to a single meal. To date, most of the studies have focused to determine the TEF in terms of energy expenditure, but little is known about which is the response in terms of skin temperature. The aim of this study was to analyze whether the thermic effect of food (TEF) on the skin temperature with a standardized and individualized liquid meal test is different in young adult men than in young adult women...
June 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Prasarn Tangkawattana
Although any fish-eating mammals could be potential definitive hosts of Opisthorchis viverrini, only a few, especially cats and dogs, are actually known reservoir hosts for this parasite. Both animals usually get infected via consuming raw or undercooked contaminated fish, fish dishes or food remains from households. The infected animals sustain parasite egg spread via open environment defecation. Cats are the most important reservoir with higher prevalence rates of O. viverrini infection than dogs in endemic areas...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
Emily Cerier, Eliza W Beal, Jeffery Chakedis, Qinyu Chen, Anghela Paredes, Steven Sun, Jordan M Cloyd, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: The patient-provider relationship (PPR) is an important element of health care delivery and may influence patient outcomes. The objective of the present study was to identify clinical predictors of PPR among patients with hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) diseases and assess the association of PPR and health care utilization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey database from 2008-2014 was used to identify adult patients with HPB diagnoses...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Melissa Maritz, Carla Mt Fourie, Johannes M VAN Rooyen, Aletta E Schutte
AIMS: Black populations from sub-Saharan Africa have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease, which places significant strain on public health systems. Aortic stiffness is a prominent risk factor for cardiovascular disease development. We reported earlier that excessive alcohol use predicts aortic stiffness. However, we require a better understanding of other biomarkers involved in stiffness development, beyond alcohol use. Therefore, we determined which biomarkers (metabolic, inflammatory, endothelial activation and oxidative stress) relate to aortic stiffness in young and older black South Africans, self-reporting no alcohol-use...
June 12, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Adrienne M Gilligan, David S Alberts, Denise J Roe, Grant H Skrepnek
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of cancer upon a patient's depletion of net worth and incursion of debt in the U.S. METHODS: This longitudinal study used the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) from 1998-2014. Persons ≥50 years with newly-diagnosed malignancies were included, excluding minor skin cancers. Multivariable generalized linear models were employed to assess changes in net worth and debt (consumer, mortgage, home equity) at two-and four-years following diagnosis (Year+2 , Year+4 ) after controlling for demographic and clinically-related variables, cancer-specific attributes, economic factors, and mortality...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
Jose M Ribeiro, Meera Garriga, Nicole Potchen, Anna K Crater, Ankit Gupta, Daisuke Ito, Sanjay A Desai
CRISPR-Cas9 mediated genome editing is addressing key limitations in the transfection of malaria parasites. While this method has already simplified the needed molecular cloning and reduced the time required to generate mutants in the human pathogen Plasmodium falciparum, optimal selection of required guide RNAs and guidelines for successful transfections have not been well characterized, leading workers to use time-consuming trial and error approaches. We used a genome-wide computational approach to create a comprehensive and publicly accessible database of possible guide RNA sequences in the P...
June 12, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
M G Botelho
INTRODUCTION: This study presents a novel, student-centred, on-demand video learning modality that supports students as they transition from theory to clinical practice. Authentic, one-to-one teacher and student consultations have been video recorded and uploaded online for the peers and subsequent years of students to consume and learn from. This study describes the development and use of these communal consultation videos (CCVs), examines how students perceive this novel intervention and proposes supporting educational theory...
June 14, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Laure Schnabel, Camille Buscail, Jean-Marc Sabate, Michel Bouchoucha, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier, Carlos A Monteiro, Serge Hercberg, Robert Benamouzig, Chantal Julia
OBJECTIVES: Ultra-processed foods (UPF) consumption has increased over the last decades and is raising concerns about potential adverse health effects. Our objective was to assess the association between UPF consumption and four functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs): irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), functional diarrhea (FDh), and functional dyspepsia (FDy), in a large sample of French adults. METHODS: We analyzed dietary data of 33,343 participants from the web-based NutriNet-Santé cohort, who completed at least three 24 h food records, prior to a Rome III self-administered questionnaire...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Audrey Bioteau, Kévin Huguet, Vincent Burrus, Swapan Banerjee
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a clinically significant marine bacterium implicated in gastroenteritis among consumers of raw or undercooked seafood. This report presents the whole-genome sequence of a unique strain of V. parahaemolyticus isolated from oysters harvested in Canada.
June 14, 2018: Genome Announcements
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