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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667575/a-cluster-of-two-human-cases-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-tbe-transmitted-by-unpasteurised-goat-milk-and-cheese-in-germany-may-2016
#1
S O Brockmann, R Oehme, T Buckenmaier, M Beer, A Jeffery-Smith, M Spannenkrebs, S Haag-Milz, C Wagner-Wiening, C Schlegel, J Fritz, S Zange, M Bestehorn, A Lindau, D Hoffmann, S Tiberi, U Mackenstedt, G Dobler
In May 2016, two cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) were confirmed by serology (positive IgM and IgG antibodies against TBE virus (TBEV) in serum), with a possible link to raw milk and cheese from a goat farm in a region in Baden-Württemberg, Germany not previously known as TBE-endemic. The outbreak investigation identified 32 consumers of goat dairy products (29 consumers, one farm employee, two owners) of whom none had IgM antibodies against TBEV 3-8 weeks after consumption. Of the 27 notified TBE cases in the State, none reported consumption of raw goat milk or cheese from the suspected farm...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667387/dietary-supplements-%C3%A2-consumer-assessment-based-on-questionnaire-survey
#2
Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Beata Budzyńska, Marta Lis-Sochacka, Patrycja Chylińska-Wrzos, Michał Zarobkiewicz, Barbara Jodłowska-Jędrych
INTRODUCTION: Dietary supplements (DS) are dietary products aiming only at diet complementation. Nevertheless, they are frequently used in treatment of various conditions since they are safer substitutes for medication. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to analyze the frequency of dietary supplements using by young people, their knowledge about the used substances, and the assessment of the effectiveness of DS by those who consumed these products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted by the means of an anonymous questionnaire assessed the DS intake among subjects aged between 15 and 54...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667312/predatory-publishing-and-cybercrime-targeting-academics
#3
Mary Grace Umlauf, Yuki Mochizuki
The purpose of this report is to inform and warn academics about practices used by cybercriminals who seek to profit from unwary scholars and undermine the industry of science. This report describes the signs, symptoms, characteristics, and consequences of predatory publishing and related forms of consumer fraud. Methods to curb these cybercrimes include educating scholars and students about tactics used by predatory publishers; institutional changes in how faculty are evaluated using publications; soliciting cooperation from the industries that support academic publishing and indexing to curb incorporation of illegitimate journals; and taking an offensive position by reporting these consumer fraud crimes to the authorities...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667238/diet-quality-and-10-year-healthcare-costs-by-bmi-categories-in-the-mid-age-cohort-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#4
A Patterson, A Hure, T Burrows, J Jackson, C Collins
BACKGROUND: Better diets, as evaluated by diet quality indices, are associated with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although governments and researchers alike recognise the burden that obesity incurs for increased healthcare spending, there is insufficient evidence for the role of diet quality on healthcare costs. METHODS: Diet quality was assessed by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) for 6328 women aged 50-55 years from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666797/development-and-implementation-of-a-perianesthetic-safety-checklist-in-a-veterinary-university-small-animal-teaching-hospital
#5
Gwennaëlle Menoud, Shannon Axiak Flammer, Claudia Spadavecchia, Mathieu Raillard
Introduction: The use of a surgical safety checklist is recommended by the World Health Organization and is associated with advantages: improved communication and reduced complications and mortality. Adapting checklists to the environment in which they are used improves their efficiency, but their implementation can be challenging. The aim of this study was to develop and implement a perianesthetic safety checklist for a small animal hospital. Materials and methods: A panel of eight anesthesia diplomates and seven residents and doctoral students were gathered...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665730/comparative-assessment-and-suitability-of-iron-and-the-nutritional-composition-of-fortified-foods-for-young-children
#6
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663801/identification-and-characterization-of-phenolic-compounds-in-black-walnut-kernels
#7
Danh Vu, Phuc Vo, Mark Coggeshall, Chung-Ho Lin
Black walnuts ( Juglans nigra L.) are highly valued for producing phenolic-enriched nuts. The objectives of this study were to identify and characterize phenolic contents of eleven different black walnut cultivars and compare the levels of these phenolics between black walnuts and English walnut ( Juglans regia L.). Totally, 16 phenolics including phenolic acids, flavonoids, and catechins were identified in the black walnut kernels, with ellagic acid predominating over the other phenolics. Significant differences were noted for the levels of quinic acid, gallic acid, 1,3,6-trigalloylglucose, catechin, and penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose between the studied black walnuts and English walnut...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662915/patient-perspectives-of-midlevel-providers-in-orthopaedic-sports-medicine
#8
Blaine T Manning, Daniel D Bohl, Charles P Hannon, Michael L Redondo, David R Christian, Brian Forsythe, Shane J Nho, Bernard R Bach
Background: Midlevel providers (eg, nurse practitioners and physician assistants) have been integrated into orthopaedic systems of care in response to the increasing demand for musculoskeletal care. Few studies have examined patient perspectives toward midlevel providers in orthopaedic sports medicine. Purpose: To identify perspectives of orthopaedic sports medicine patients regarding midlevel providers, including optimal scope of practice, reimbursement equity with physicians, and importance of the physician's midlevel provider to patients when initially selecting a physician...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662524/parent-only-group-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-children-with-anxiety-disorders-a-control-group-study
#9
Elham Salari, Zahra Shahrivar, Javad Mahmoudi-Gharaei, Elham Shirazi, Mitra Sepasi
Objective: Parents play an important role in development and continuation of anxiety disorders in children. Yet the evidence on parent contribution in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety is limited. This open randomized trial examined the effectiveness of a parent-directed group CBT to manage children with anxiety disorders. Method: Parents of 42 children aged 6-12 with primary anxiety disorders were allocated to a six, two-hour weekly intervention and a wait-list (WL) control...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662045/macronutrient-and-major-food-group-intake-in-a-cohort-of-southern-italian-adults
#10
Serena Mulè, Mariagiovanna Falla, Alessandra Conti, Dora Castiglione, Isabella Blanco, Armando Platania, Maurizio D'Urso, Marina Marranzano
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of macronutrient and foods is considered crucial to decrease the risk of diet-related non-communicable diseases. METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe the intake of major food groups and macronutrients in a random sample of 1838 southern Italian adults. RESULTS: No significant differences of macronutrient consumption between sexes were found. By contrast, younger individuals had significantly higher intake of animal protein than older ones...
April 15, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661750/relationship-between-weekly-patterns-of-caloric-intake-and-reported-weight-loss-outcomes-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Christine Hill, Brian W Weir, Laura W Fuentes, Alicia Garcia-Alvarez, Danya P Anouti, Lawrence J Cheskin
BACKGROUND: Although millions of overweight and obese adults use mobile phone apps for weight loss, little is known about the predictors of success. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand the relationship between weight loss outcomes and weekly patterns of caloric intake among overweight and obese adults using a mobile phone app for weight loss. METHODS: We examined the relationship between weekly patterns of caloric intake and weight loss outcomes among adults who began using a weight loss app in January 2016 and continued consistent use for at least 5 months (N=7007)...
April 16, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661189/origins-in-the-usa-in-the-1980s-of-the-warning-that-smokeless-tobacco-is-not-a-safe-alternative-to-cigarettes-a-historical-documents-based-assessment-with-implications-for-comparative-warnings-on-less-harmful-tobacco-nicotine-products
#12
Lynn T Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Before the 1980s in the USA, smokeless tobacco carried no health warnings, was not judged to cause disease, and was a declining practice. In 1986, the federal government passed legislation requiring rotating warnings on "mouth cancer," "gum disease and tooth loss," and "This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes." This paper explores the history of the establishment of these warnings with emphasis on the 'not a safe alternative' warning and the bases for claiming that smokeless was 'not safe' (absolute harm) versus 'not safer than cigarettes' (relative harm)...
April 16, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660342/investigation-of-trpv1-loss-of-function-phenotypes-in-trpv1-leu206stop-mice-generated-by-n-ethyl-n-nitrosourea-mutagenesis
#13
Thomas Christoph, Babette Kögel, Klaus Schiene, Thomas Peters, Wolfgang Schröder
N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) random mutagenesis was used to generate a mouse model for the analysis of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) cation channel. A transversion from T→A in exon 4 led to a Leu206Stop mutation generating a loss-of-function mutant. The TRPV1 agonist capsaicin was used to analyze functional and nociceptive parameters in vitro and in vivo in TRPV1 Leu206Stop mice and congenic C3HeB/FeJ controls. Capsaicin-induced [Ca2+ ]i changes in small diameter DRG neurons were significantly diminished in TRPV1 Leu206Stop mice and administration of capsaicin induced neither hypothermia nor nocifensive behaviour in vivo...
April 13, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659693/the-history-and-future-of-dietary-guidance-in-america
#14
Lisa Jahns, Wendy Davis-Shaw, Alice H Lichtenstein, Suzanne P Murphy, Zach Conrad, Forrest Nielsen
Evidence-based dietary guidance in the United States has progressed substantially since its inception >100 y ago. This review describes the historical development and significance of dietary guidance in the United States, including the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs), and emphasizes the foundations upon which they were developed, the process in the formation of past and current guidelines, and present and future applications. Dietary guidance during the first half of the 20th century was focused primarily on food groups in a healthy diet, food safety, safe food storage, and the role of some minerals and vitamins in the prevention of disease...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658750/emotional-arousal-may-increase-susceptibility-to-fraud-in-older-and-younger-adults
#15
Katharina Kircanski, Nanna Notthoff, Marguerite DeLiema, Gregory R Samanez-Larkin, Doug Shadel, Gary Mottola, Laura L Carstensen, Ian H Gotlib
Financial fraud is a societal problem for adults of all ages, but financial losses are especially damaging to older adults who typically live on fixed incomes and have less time to recoup losses. Persuasion tactics used by fraud perpetrators often elicit high levels of emotional arousal; thus, studying emotional arousal may help to identify the conditions under which individuals are particularly susceptible to fraud. We examined whether inducing high-arousal positive (HAP) and high-arousal negative (HAN) emotions increased susceptibility to fraud...
March 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658151/towards-the-automated-identification-of-chrysomya-blow-flies-from-wing-images
#16
N Macleod, M J R Hall, A H Wardhana
The Old World screwworm fly (OWSF), Chrysomya bezziana (Diptera: Calliphoridae), is an important agent of traumatic myiasis and, as such, a major human and animal health problem. In the implementation of OWSF control operations, it is important to determine the geographical origins of such disease-causing species in order to establish whether they derive from endemic or invading populations. Gross morphological and molecular studies have demonstrated the existence of two distinct lineages of this species, one African and the other Asian...
April 15, 2018: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656717/correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-among-parents-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-family-life-activity-sun-health-and-eating-flashe-study
#17
Courtney A Parks, Casey Blaser, Teresa M Smith, Eric E Calloway, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Benmai Liu, Linda C Nebeling, Amy L Yaroch
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to examine the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake (FVI) separately among parents and their adolescents. DESIGN: Cross-sectional surveys. SETTING: Online survey. SUBJECTS: Parents and adolescents completed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) survey through the National Cancer Institute. The survey assessed daily intake frequencies of food/beverage groups, psychosocial, parenting and sociodemographic factors...
April 16, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656551/efficacy-of-three-different-steamers-for-control-of-bed-bugs-cimex-lectularius-l
#18
Desen Wang, Changlu Wang, Guohong Wang, Chen Zha, Amanda L Eiden, Richard Cooper
BACKGROUND: Bed bugs, Cimex lectularius L., have become one of the most difficult urban pests to control. Steam treatment is reported to be an effective method to kill bed bugs and is considered to be an important component of bed bug integrated pest management (IPM). We evaluated and compared the efficacy of two affordable consumer-grade commercial steamers to a commonly used professional-grade steamer for killing bed bugs. RESULTS: In laboratory experiments, the consumer-grade steamer at an affordable price achieved the same high control efficacy as the professional-grade steamer for treating bed bugs exposed on mattresses (100% bed bug mortality), located beneath a fabric cover (>89% bed bug mortality), or hiding in cracks (100% bed bug mortality)...
April 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656468/seed-dispersal-in-the-mycoheterotrophic-orchid-yoania-japonica-further-evidence-for-endozoochory-by-camel-crickets
#19
Kenji Suetsugu
• Although orthopterans are rarely considered to be effective seed dispersal agents, the large flightless crickets known as weta have been suggested to function as ecological replacements for small mammals in New Zealand, where such mammals are absent. In addition, a recent study reported that camel crickets mediate seed dispersal of several heterotrophic plants including Yoania amagiensis in Japan. • I investigated the seed dispersal mechanism of Yoania japonica because the fruit morphology is similar to Yoania amagiensis...
April 14, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656381/cowpea-an-overview-on-its-nutritional-facts-and-health-benefits
#20
REVIEW
Chathuni Jayathilake, Rizliya Visvanathan, Afka Deen, Ruksheela Bangamuwage, Barana C Jayawardana, Srinivas Nammi, Ruvini Liyanage
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a legume consumed as a high-quality plant protein source in many parts of the world. High protein and carbohydrate contents with relatively low fat content and complementary amino acid pattern to that of cereal grains make cowpea an important nutritional food in the human diet. Cowpea has gained more attention recently from consumers and researchers worldwide due to its exerted health beneficial properties including anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive properties...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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