keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Consumer Reports

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240799/inappropriate-self-medication-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-lower-medication-literacy-and-substance-use
#1
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240707/molecular-mechanisms-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticle-induced-genotoxicity-short-running-title-genotoxicity-of-zno-nps
#2
REVIEW
Agmal Scherzad, Till Meyer, Norbert Kleinsasser, Stephan Hackenberg
BACKGROUND: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are among the most frequently applied nanomaterials in consumer products. Evidence exists regarding the cytotoxic effects of ZnO NPs in mammalian cells; however, knowledge about the potential genotoxicity of ZnO NPs is rare, and results presented in the current literature are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to summarize the existing data regarding the DNA damage that ZnO NPs induce, and focus on the possible molecular mechanisms underlying genotoxic events...
December 14, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240555/daily-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-by-disability-status-among-adults-in-23-states-and-the-district-of-columbia
#3
Sunkyung Kim, Sohyun Park, Dianna D Carroll, Catherine A Okoro
INTRODUCTION: Information on dietary intake, including sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), for adults with disabilities is limited. Such information can inform interventions to prevent chronic disease and promote health among adults with disabilities. The objective of this study was to describe the associations between SSB consumption and disability among adults. METHODS: We examined data on adults aged 18 years or older in 23 states and the District of Columbia who participated in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (n = 150,760)...
December 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240471/nurse-led-clinics-for-atrial-fibrillation-managing-risk-factors
#4
Liril Jacob
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common and sustained cardiac arrhythmia rated by cardiologists as one of the most difficult conditions to manage. Traditionally, AF management has focused on the three pillars of rate control, rhythm control and anticoagulation. However, more recently, cardiovascular risk-factor management in AF has emerged as a fourth and essential pillar, delivering improved patient outcomes. In the UK, AF is a condition that is often managed poorly, with patients reporting a lack of understanding of their condition and treatment options...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240304/weight-status-diet-quality-perceived-stress-and-functional-health-of-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Xiaoyin Sara Li, Jennifer A Pinto-Martin, Aleda Thompson, Jesse Chittams, Tanja V E Kral
PURPOSE: Caring for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be highly demanding and can put significant strain on caregivers. To date, little is known about the extent to which caregivers of children with ASD experience increased levels of stress which may adversely affect health outcomes. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to compare caregivers of children with ASD and caregivers of typically developing children (TDC) in weight status, diet quality, perceived stress related to the parenting role, and functional health and well-being...
December 14, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240011/fecal-calprotectin-test-performed-at-home-a-prospective-study-of-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Maija Piekkala, Henrik Alfthan, Laura Merras-Salmio, Anne Puustinen Wikström, Kaarina Heiskanen, Tytti Jaakkola, Paula Klemetti, Martti Färkkilä Md, Kaija-Leena Kolho
OBJECTIVES: Measuring fecal calprotectin (FC) in a laboratory is time-consuming and that is why home tests have been developed. We studied the use of an FC home test in pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) in real-life settings. METHODS: The patients were asked to perform the IBDoc® FC home test monthly for six months and to report their clinical disease activity at testing. However, clinical decision-making was guided by routine FC enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for patients with raised IBDoc® values...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238733/the-impact-of-body-checking-on-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#7
David P Trofa, Caroline N Park, Manish S Noticewala, T Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad, Charles A Popkin
Background: Body checking is a common cause of youth ice hockey injuries. Consequently, USA Hockey raised the minimum age at which body checking is permitted from the Pee Wee level (11-12 years old) to the Bantam level (13-14 years old) in 2011. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of body checking on the distribution of injuries reported in youth ice hockey players. We hypothesized that the elimination of body checking at the Pee Wee level would lower the frequency of serious injuries, particularly concussions...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238608/study-protocol-for-enhancing-parenting-in-cancer-epic-development-and-evaluation-of-a-brief-psycho-educational-intervention-to-support-parents-with-cancer-who-have-young-children
#8
Lesley Stafford, Michelle Sinclair, Jane Turner, Louise Newman, Claire Wakefield, Mei Krishnasamy, G Bruce Mann, Leslie Gilham, Kylie Mason, Paula Rauch, Julia Cannell, Penelope Schofield
Background: Parents with cancer have high rates of psychological morbidity, and their children are at risk of poor psychosocial outcomes, particularly in the context of parental distress and poor family communication. Parents express concerns about the impact of cancer on their children and report a lack of professional guidance in meeting their children's needs. Few parenting interventions exist and current interventions have extensive infrastructure demands making them unsuitable for routine use in most health settings...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238598/breeding-next-generation-tree-fruits-technical-and-legal-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Lorenza Dalla Costa, Mickael Malnoy, Ivana Gribaudo
The new plant breeding technologies (NPBTs) have recently emerged as powerful tools in the context of 'green' biotechnologies. They have wide potential compared to classical genetic engineering and they are attracting the interest of politicians, stakeholders and citizens due to the revolutionary impact they may have on agriculture. Cisgenesis and genome editing potentially allow to obtain pathogen-resistant plants or plants with enhanced qualitative traits by introducing or disrupting specific genes in shorter times compared to traditional breeding programs and by means of minimal modifications in the plant genome...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238244/influence-of-a-thermogenic-dietary-supplement-on-safety-markers-body-composition-energy-expenditure-muscular-performance-and-hormone-concentrations-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-trial
#10
Grant M Tinsley, Stacie Urbina, Jacy Mullins, Jordan Outlaw, Sara Hayward, Matt Stone, Cliffa Foster, Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor
Dietary supplementation is commonly employed by individuals seeking to improve body composition and exercise performance. The purpose of the present study was to examine the safety and effectiveness of a commercially available dietary supplement designed to promote thermogenesis and fat loss. In a randomized double-blind trial, participants were assigned to consume placebo or a multi-ingredient supplement containing caffeine, green tea extract, l-carnitine, evodiamine and other ingredients that purportedly enhance thermogenesis...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237571/identification-of-genes-related-to-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-through-rwr-algorithm-based-on-protein-protein-interaction-network
#11
Jian Zhang, Yan Suo, Min Liu, Xun Xu
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is one of the most common complications of diabetes and can lead to blindness. Proteomic studies have provided insight into the pathogenesis of PDR and a series of PDR-related genes has been identified but are far from fully characterized because the experimental methods are expensive and time consuming. In our previous study, we successfully identified 35 candidate PDR-related genes through the shortest-path algorithm. In the current study, we developed a computational method using the random walk with restart (RWR) algorithm and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network to identify potential PDR-related genes...
December 10, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236783/nutrition-label-experience-obesity-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-lipids-in-a-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#12
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Martyn Kirk, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. Our objective was to investigate the associations between nutrition label experience, obesity and nutrient-related NCDs in Thai consumers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with a nationwide cohort of 42,750 distance learning Thai adult students enrolled in an Open University in 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236510/sn-wears-super-skin-a-new-design-for-long-cycling-batteries
#13
Shuai Kang, Xi Chen, Junjie Niu
Searching for new anode alternatives in lieu of graphite for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) that can deliver better electrochemical performance to meet the emerging energy/power demands in electric vehicles (EVs) becomes particularly challenging. We report a rationally designed hybrid composite as anode in LIB that exhibits a greatly improved gravimetric capacity of 727 mAh/g with a Coulombic efficiency (CE) of >99.8% after 3000 cycles at 1.0 C. A capacity of 662 mAh/g at a high rate of 5.0 C was obtained after impressively long 10000 cycles...
December 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236379/alcohol-consumption-and-low-risk-drinking-guidelines-among-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-alberta-s-tomorrow-project
#14
Darren R Brenner, Tiffany R Haig, Abbey E Poirier, Alianu Akawung, Christine M Friedenreich, Paula J Robson
INTRODUCTION: Moderate to heavy alcohol consumption is a risk factor for all-cause mortality and cancer incidence. Although cross-sectional data are available through national surveys, data on alcohol consumption in Alberta from a large prospective cohort were not previously available. The goal of these analyses was to characterize the levels of alcohol consumption among adults from the Alberta's Tomorrow Project in the context of cancer prevention guidelines. Furthermore, we conducted analyses to examine the relationships between alcohol consumption and other high-risk or risk-related behaviours...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236097/a-randomized-cohort-controlled-trial-to-compare-intern-sign-out-training-interventions
#15
Soo-Hoon Lee, Christopher Terndrup, Phillip H Phan, Sandra E Zaeh, Kwame Atsina, Nicole Minkove, Alexander Billioux, Souvik Chatterjee, Idoreyin Montague, Bennett Clark, Andrew Hughes, Sanjay V Desai
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have investigated the efficacy of specific sign-out protocols (such as the illness severity, patient summary, action list, situation awareness and contingency planning, and synthesis by reviewer [I-PASS] bundle), the implementation of a bundle can be time consuming and costly. We compared 4 sign-out training pedagogies on sign-out quality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate training interventions that best enhance multidimensional sign-out quality measured by information exchange, task accountability, and personal responsibility...
December 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235462/atomic-resolution-three-dimensional-hydration-structures-on-a-heterogeneously-charged-surface
#16
Kenichi Umeda, Lidija Zivanovic, Kei Kobayashi, Juha Ritala, Hiroaki Kominami, Peter Spijker, Adam S Foster, Hirofumi Yamada
Local hydration structures at the solid-liquid interface around boundary edges on heterostructures are key to an atomic-level understanding of various physical, chemical and biological processes. Recently, we succeeded in visualising atomic-scale three-dimensional hydration structures by using ultra-low noise frequency-modulation atomic force microscopy. However, the time-consuming three-dimensional-map measurements on uneven heterogeneous surfaces have not been achieved due to experimental difficulties, to the best of our knowledge...
December 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235215/cloning-free-template-dna-preparation-for-cell-free-protein-synthesis-via-two-step-pcr-using-versatile-primer-designs-with-short-3-utr
#17
Mika Nomoto, Yasuomi Tada
Cell-free protein synthesis (CFPS) systems largely retain the endogenous translation machinery of the host organism, making them highly applicable for proteomics analysis of diverse biological processes. However, laborious and time-consuming cloning procedures hinder progress with CFPS systems. Herein, we report the development of a rapid and efficient two-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to prepare linear DNA templates for a wheat germ CFPS system. We developed a novel, effective short 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) sequence that facilitates translation...
December 13, 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235189/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Felix Naughton, Michael Ussher
AIM: To identify factors found in the research literature to be associated with smoking cessation in pregnancy. METHODS: Electronic searches of the bibliographic databases of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Elsevier, Scopus and ISI Web of Science were conducted to April 2017. All studies reporting factors associated with smoking cessation or continuing smoking during pregnancy were included and systematically reviewed, irrespective of study design. The Newcastle Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale was used to assess the study quality...
December 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235157/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-low-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-uk-biobank
#19
M Shafique, S Russell, S Murdoch, J D Bell, N Guess
BACKGROUND: Low-carbohydrate diets are becoming increasingly popular, although their dietary quality outside of clinical studies is unknown. A previous study analysed the dietary intake in people consuming a reduced-carbohydrate diet (<40% calories). However, it is not clear what foods people consume when carbohydrate is reduced to below 26% of total calories. METHODS: In the present cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake collected via up to five consecutive 24-h dietary recalls and a food frequency questionnaire of 444 individuals (aged 46-79 years) consuming <26% of calories from carbohydrate (LCHO) was compared with that of 131 897 individuals consuming ≥45% calories from carbohydrate (NCHO) using the UK Biobank Dataset...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235078/the-nutritional-and-phytochemical-composition-of-the-indigenous-australian-pindan-walnut-terminalia-cunninghamii-kernels
#20
Liezhou Zhong, Janet F Bornman, Gangcheng Wu, Aline Hornoff, Koya Ange Pamela Dovi, Hayder Al-Ali, Naveed Aslam, Stuart K Johnson
Nutritional composition of the kernels of two types of Pindan walnut (Terminalia cunninghamii), a native nut consumed traditionally by Australian Indigenous peoples, is reported for the first time. Results showed that Pindan walnut kernels contained high levels of fat, protein and ash, approximately 50, 30 and 5% fresh basis, respectively. The levels of minerals in the kernels were much higher than common walnuts and macadamia nuts, especially those of phosphorus, magnesium and zinc. The high amounts of polyphenols in the kernels provided strong hydrophilic antioxidant capacities, of up to 2004 mg Trolox equivalents/100 g fresh basis using the hydrophilic oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay...
December 12, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
keyword
keyword
101295
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"