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velocity storage

Edel M Murphy, Ciara O' Meara, Bernard Eivers, Patrick Lonergan, Sean Fair
Temperature regulation of liquid bovine semen can be difficult in field situations. Two experiments were carried out to assess the effect of storage temperature on in vitro sperm characteristics and 60-d nonreturn rate (NRR) following artificial insemination (AI) of liquid bovine semen. In experiment 1, the effect of storage of liquid bovine semen in INRA96 diluent (IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France) at 1 of 5 storage temperatures (5, 15, or 28°C, and fluctuating between 5 and 15°C or 5 and 28°C) on total and progressive motility and kinematic parameters was assessed objectively via computer-assisted sperm analyzer on d 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 after collection...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Marco Giovanni Malusà, Maria Luce Frezzotti, Simona Ferrando, Enrico Brandmayr, Fabio Romanelli, Giuliano Francesco Panza
The long-term carbon budget has major implications for Earth's climate and biosphere, but the balance between carbon sequestration during subduction, and outgassing by volcanism is still poorly known. Although carbon-rich fluid inclusions and minerals are described in exhumed mantle rocks and xenoliths, compelling geophysical evidence of large-scale carbon storage in the upper mantle is still lacking. Here, we use a geophysical surface-wave seismic tomography model of the mantle wedge above the subducted European slab to document a prominent shear-wave low-velocity anomaly at depths greater than 180 km...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Junling Long, H S Ku, Xian Wu, Xiu Gu, Russell E Lake, Mustafa Bal, Yu-Xi Liu, David P Pappas
Quantum networks will enable extraordinary capabilities for communicating and processing quantum information. These networks require a reliable means of storage, retrieval, and manipulation of quantum states at the network nodes. A node receives one or more coherent inputs and sends a conditional output to the next cascaded node in the network through a quantum channel. Here, we demonstrate this basic functionality by using the quantum interference mechanism of electromagnetically induced transparency in a transmon qubit coupled to a superconducting resonator...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Felix Büttner, Ivan Lemesh, Geoffrey S D Beach
Magnetic skyrmions are topological quasiparticles of great interest for data storage applications because of their small size, high stability, and ease of manipulation via electric current. However, although models exist for some limiting cases, there is no universal theory capable of accurately describing the structure and energetics of all skyrmions. The main barrier is the complexity of non-local stray field interactions, which are usually included through crude approximations. Here we present an accurate analytical framework to treat isolated skyrmions in any material, assuming only a circularly-symmetric 360° domain wall profile and a homogeneous magnetization profile in the out-of-plane direction...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Timotheus K T Wolterbeek, Amir Raoof
Defects along wellbore interfaces constitute potential pathways for CO2 to leak from geological storage systems. In previous experimental work, we demonstrated that CO2 -induced reaction over length-scales of several meters can lead to self-sealing of such defects. In the present work, we develop a reactive transport model that, on the one hand, enables μm-mm scale exploration of reactions along debonding defects and, on the other hand, allows simulation of the large, 6 m-long samples used in our experiments...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Laura Falchi, Grazia Galleri, Gian Mario Dore, Maria Teresa Zedda, Salvatore Pau, Luisa Bogliolo, Federica Ariu, Alessandra Pinna, Stefano Nieddu, Plinio Innocenzi, Sergio Ledda
BACKGROUND: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2 NPs) are able to store and release oxygen, conferring them scavenger activity against oxidative stress. However, their effects in reproductive systems are not yet well understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of exposure of refrigerated ram semen to CeO2 NPs for 96 h on the main structural and kinematic parameters of spermatozoa. METHODS: The ejaculates of 5 Sarda rams were collected, pooled and diluted in a soybean lecithin extender...
March 6, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Xue-Kun Chen, Jun Liu, Dan Du, Zhong Xie, Ke-Qiu Chen
Carbon honeycomb, a new kind of three-dimensional carbon allotrope experimentally synthesized recently, has received much attention for its fascinating applications in electronic device and energy storage. In the present work, we perform equilibrium molecular dynamics (EMD) to study the thermal transport properties of carbon honeycombs with different chirality. It is found that the thermal conductivity along the honeycomb axis (<i>κ<sub>x</sub></i> ) is three times larger than that normal to the axis (<i>κ<sub>z</sub></i>), which shows strong anisotropy reflecting their geometric anisotropy...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
E M Murphy, C O'Meara, B Eivers, P Lonergan, S Fair
Diluents using components of plant origin have been developed as an alternative to animal based extenders for the dilution of bull semen, however, it is unclear if use of these diluents results in in vivo fertility rates similar to those that occur with use of traditional egg yolk-based diluents. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of semen diluent on 60-day non-return rate (NRR) following artificial insemination (AI) with frozen-thawed bull semen. The effect of semen dilution in one of three different commercial diluents (BullXcell - egg yolk-based, OptiXcell - plant-based or AndroMed - plant-based) on post-thaw total and progressive motility as well as kinematic parameters (Experiment 1) and field fertility (Experiment 2, n = 1,480 inseminations) was assessed...
February 15, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Mathias Altmann, Chiara Altare, Nanette van der Spek, Jean-Christophe Barbiche, Jovana Dodos, Mahamat Bechir, Myriam Ait Aissa, Patrick Kolsteren
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions have a small but measurable benefit on stunting, but not on wasting. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness of a household WASH package on the performance of an Outpatient Therapeutic feeding Program (OTP) for severe acute malnutrition (SAM). We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial embedded in a routine OTP. The study population included 20 health centers (clusters) from Mao and Mondo districts in Chad. Both arms received the OTP. The intervention arm received an additional household WASH package (chlorine, soap, water storage container, and promotion on its use)...
February 26, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
S Manfredi, E Di Tucci, V Latora
Multilayer networks describe well many real interconnected communication and transportation systems, ranging from computer networks to multimodal mobility infrastructures. Here, we introduce a model in which the nodes have a limited capacity of storing and processing the agents moving over a multilayer network, and their congestions trigger temporary faults which, in turn, dynamically affect the routing of agents seeking for uncongested paths. The study of the network performance under different layer velocities and node maximum capacities reveals the existence of delicate trade-offs between the number of served agents and their time to travel to destination...
February 9, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Bernard Cohen, Sergei B Yakushin, Catherine Cho
The Mal de Debarquement syndrome (MdDS) generally follows sea voyages, but it can occur after turbulent flights or spontaneously. The primary features are objective or perceived continuous rocking, swaying, and/or bobbing at 0.2 Hz after sea voyages or 0.3 Hz after flights. The oscillations can continue for months or years and are immensely disturbing. Associated symptoms appear to be secondary to the incessant sensation of movement. We previously suggested that the illness can be attributed to maladaptation of the velocity storage integrator in the vestibular system, but the actual neural mechanisms driving the MdDS are unknown...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Chunfang Guo, Danyang Zhao, Yanjun Sun, Minjie Wang, Yahua Liu
A droplet impacting on superhydrophobic surface exhibits complete bouncing. The impacting process usually consists of spreading and retracting stages, during which the droplet contacts the underlying substrate. Recent research has been devoted to reducing the contact time using textured surfaces with different morphologies or flexibility. Here we design submillimeter superhydrophobic ridges and show that impacting droplets bounce off the surface immediately after capillary empty in an petal-like shape at certain Weber number range...
February 13, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Juan-Juan Li, Ling Cheng, Gang Shen, Ling Qiu, Cheng-Ying Shen, Juan Zheng, Rong Xu, Hai-Long Yuan
The present study was designed to improve storage stability and oral bioavailability of Ganneng dropping pills (GNDP) by transforming lignans of Herpetospermum caudigerum (HL) composed of herpetrione (HPE) and herpetin (HPN) into nanosuspension (HL-NS), the main active ingredient of GNDP, HL-NS was prepared by high pressure homogenization and lyophilized to transform into solid nanoparticles (HL nanoparticles), and then the formulated HL nanoparticles were perfused into matrix to obtain NS-GNDP by melting method...
January 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
Mohsen Moslemi, Ahmad Homaei, Hojjat Toiserkani
In this study, we synthesized super magnetic Fe(OH)3@Fe3O4 nanoparticles (SPIONs) by the co-precipitation method and introduction of amine groups via chemisorption of L-aspartic acid (LAA) on the surface of SPIONs. Penaeus vannamei protease (PVP) was immobilized onto amine-functionalized supermagnetic nanoparticles (ASPIONs), and conditions affecting PVP immobilization were investigated. PVP immobilized onto ASPIONs exhibited shifts in both working optimum pH and temperature with an increase from pH 7 to pH 8, and increased optimum temperature by 10 °C compared to free enzyme...
February 7, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Samia A Ahmed, Faten A Mostafa, Mona A Ouis
α-Amylase enzyme was immobilized on bioactive phospho-silicate glass (PS-glass) as a novel inorganic support by physical adsorption and covalent binding methods using glutaraldehyde and poly glutaraldehyde as a spacer. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies confirmed the glass-enzyme linkage. Dissolution of PS-glass in acidic and neutral pH is higher than that of alkaline pH. Some immobilization variables were optimized using statistical factorial design (Central Composite Design)...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
A Pinyopummin, S Mahasawangkul, G Nunklang, K Kornkaewrat, S Laopiem, S Koonjaenak, P Wattananit
The dilution effect and effect of restoring seminal plasma (SP) proportion in diluted semen were determined in chilled Asian elephant sperm. Semen was collected from eight males, and samples with ≥30% motile sperm were used in the study. Tris-glucose-egg yolk extender (TE) was used for cooled storage at 4°C for 48 hr. In experiment 1 (n = 18), semen was diluted to 1:1, 1:3, 1:7 and 1:15 with TE (volume per volume). There were no significant changes in sperm viability and sperm with normal acrosome integrity among dilutions, but sperm motility and motility velocities were greater (p < ...
February 6, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Millard F Reschke, Scott J Wood, Gilles Clément
BACKGROUND: Ground-based studies have reported shifts of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) slow phase velocity (SPV) axis toward the resultant gravito-inertial force vector. The VOR was examined during eccentric roll rotation before, during and after an 8-day orbital mission. On orbit this vector is aligned with the head z-axis. Our hypothesis was that eccentric roll rotation on orbit would generate horizontal eye movements. METHODS: Two subjects were rotated in a semi-supine position with the head nasal-occipital axis parallel to the axis of rotation and 0...
2018: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
G Bernáth, Zs Csenki, Z Bokor, L Várkonyi, J Molnár, T Szabó, Á Staszny, Á Ferincz, K Szabó, B Urbányi, L O Pap, B Csorbai
The present study investigated the effects of chilled storage and cryopreservation on ide sperm motility and fertilizing capacity alongside the longevity of sperm movement. The parameters of motility (progressive motility-pMOT, curvilinear velocity-VCL and straightness-STR) have been recorded during 48 h of chilled storage (4 °C) at 24-h intervals. The longevity of sperm movement was measured following activation for up to 120 s (in a range at 10-120 s) in freshly stripped and thawed sperm. A formerly established cryopreservation method was tested on ide sperm where motility parameters, hatching rate and larval malformation (according to 7 category groups) were investigated...
January 31, 2018: Cryobiology
David Quackenbush, Justin Devito, Luigi Garibaldi, Melissa Buryk
BACKGROUND: Glycogen storage diseases (GSDs) are a collection of disorders related to glycogen synthesis or degradation that classically present in infancy with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive and hepatomegaly; however, their phenotype can vary significantly. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the cases of two children, 5 years old and 3.5 years old, who were referred to endocrinology for short stature. They were ultimately found to have hepatomegaly, fasting hypoglycemia, mild elevation of transaminases and ketosis...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Jeong-Yoon Choi, Stefan Glasauer, Ji Hyun Kim, David S Zee, Ji-Soo Kim
Here we characterize persistent apogeotropic type of central positional nystagmus, and compare it with the apogeotropic nystagmus of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving the lateral canal. Nystagmus was recorded in 27 patients with apogeotropic type of central positional nystagmus (22 with unilateral and five with diffuse cerebellar lesions) and 20 patients with apogeotropic nystagmus of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. They were tested while sitting, while supine with the head straight back, and in the right and left ear-down positions...
January 24, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
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