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velocity storage

Rae Woong Park
Big data indicates the large and ever-increasing volumes of data adhere to the following 4Vs: volume (ever-increasing amount), velocity (quickly generated), variety (many different types), veracity (from trustable sources). The last decade has seen huge advances in the amount of data we routinely generate and collect in pretty much everything we do, as well as our ability to use technology to analyze and understand it. The routine operation of modern health care systems also produces an abundance of electronically stored data on an ongoing basis as a byproduct of clinical practice...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Omer Gvirsman, Gabor Kosa, Amir Ayali
Locusts are known for their ability to jump large distances to avoid predation. The jump also serves to launch the adult locust into the air in order to initiate flight. Various aspects of this important behavior have been studied extensively, from muscle physiology and biomechanics, to the energy storage systems involved in powering the jump, and more. Less well understood are the mechanisms participating in control of the jump trajectory. Here we utilise video monitoring and careful analysis of experimental directional jumps by adult desert locusts, together with dynamic computer simulation, in order to understand how the locusts control the direction and elevation of the jump, the residual angular velocities resulting from the jump and the timing of flapping-flight initiation...
2016: PeerJ
E Distante, A Padrón-Brito, M Cristiani, D Paredes-Barato, H de Riedmatten
The combination of electromagnetically induced transparency with the nonlinear interaction between Rydberg atoms provides an effective interaction between photons. In this Letter, we investigate the storage of optical pulses as collective Rydberg atomic excitations in a cold atomic ensemble. By measuring the dynamics of the stored Rydberg polaritons, we experimentally demonstrate that storing a probe pulse as Rydberg polaritons strongly enhances the Rydberg mediated interaction compared to the slow propagation case...
September 9, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Shin C Beh, Teresa C Frohman, Elliot M Frohman
BACKGROUND: The cerebellum plays a central role in the online, real-time control, and long-term modulation of eye movements. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We reviewed the latest (fifth) edition of Leigh and Zee's textbook, The Neurology of Eye Movements, and literature in PUBMED using the following terms: cerebellum, flocculus, paraflocculus, vermis, oculomotor vermis, dorsal vermis, caudal fastigial nucleus, fastigial oculomotor region, uvula, nodulus, ansiform lobule, eye movements, saccades, ipsipulsion, contrapulsion, smooth pursuit, vergence, convergence, divergence, gaze-holding, down beat nystagmus, vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), angular VOR, translational VOR, skew deviation, velocity storage...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
Rae Woong Park
Big data indicates the large and ever-increasing volumes of data adhere to the following 4Vs: volume (ever-increasing amount), velocity (quickly generated), variety (many different types), veracity (from trustable sources). The last decade has seen huge advances in the amount of data we routinely generate and collect in pretty much everything we do, as well as our ability to use technology to analyze and understand it. The routine operation of modern health care systems also produces an abundance of electronically stored data on an ongoing basis as a byproduct of clinical practice...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Allison M Bradbury, Jessica H Bagel, Xuntian Jiang, Gary P Swain, Maria L Prociuk, Caitlin A Fitzgerald, Patricia A O'Donnell, Kyle G Braund, Daniel S Ory, Charles H Vite
Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD), or Krabbe's disease, is a debilitating and always fatal pediatric neurodegenerative disease caused by a mutation in the gene encoding the hydrolytic enzyme galactosylceramidase (GALC). In the absence of GALC, progressive loss of myelin and accumulation of a neurotoxic substrate lead to incapacitating loss of motor and cognitive function and death, typically by 2 years of age. Currently, there is no cure. Recent convincing evidence of the therapeutic potential of combining gene and cell therapies in the murine model of GLD has accelerated the requirement for validated markers of disease to evaluate therapeutic efficacy...
November 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Kuan-Yu Wu, Yuh-Shyan Tsai, Chia-Hong Chen, I-Hung Chen, Tzong-Shin Tzai, Yat-Ching Tong
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of prostate blood flow (PBF) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in aged males using Doppler spectral waveform (DSW) analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis involving 133 aged males with clinical diagnosis of LUTS. DSW parameters (peak-systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), and resistive index (RI)) were measured at bilateral neurovascular bundles (NVB), periurethral, and capsular branches by Doppler transrectal ultrasound with the patient in the right lateral decubitus position...
2016: Urologia Internationalis
Yue Chan, Jonathan J Wylie, Liang Xia, Yong Ren, Yung-Tsang Chen
In this paper, we demonstrate the usage of the Nernst-Planck equation in conjunction with mean-field theory to investigate particle-laden flow inside nanomaterials. Most theoretical studies in molecular encapsulation at the nanoscale do not take into account any macroscopic flow fields that are crucial in squeezing molecules into nanostructures. Here, a multi-scale idea is used to address this issue. The macroscopic transport of gas is described by the Nernst-Planck equation, whereas molecular interactions between gases and between the gas and the host material are described using a combination of molecular dynamics simulation and mean-field theory...
August 2016: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Robert E Ecke, Scott Backhaus
Mass transport in multi-species porous media is through molecular diffusion and plume dynamics. Predicting the rate of mass transport has application in determining the efficiency of the storage and sequestration of carbon dioxide. We study a water and propylene-glycol system enclosed in a Hele-Shaw cell with variable permeability that represents a laboratory analogue of the general properties of porous media convection. The interface between the fluids, tracked using an optical shadowgraph technique, is used to determine the mass transport rate, the spatial separation of solutal plumes, and the velocity and width characteristics of those plumes...
October 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Gergely Bernáth, Daniel Żarski, Eszter Kása, Ádám Staszny, Levente Várkonyi, Tímea Kollár, Árpád Hegyi, Zoltán Bokor, Béla Urbányi, Ákos Horváth
The applicability of a programmable freezer for the increased-scale cryopreservation of common carp sperm was investigated. The effect of different equilibration times, cryopreservation methods, extenders, dilution ratios, activating solutions on the post-thaw motility of common carp sperm was investigated. The suitable post-thaw storage time-interval as well as fertilizing capacity of cryopreserved sperm was also examined. The motility, curvilinear velocity (VCL) and straightness (STR) values did not decrease significantly during 60min of equilibration neither in equilibrated nor thawed groups...
October 1, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Qiang Zhang, Zeren Li, Shuming Zhao, Weifeng Wen, Lihua Chang, Helian Yu, Tianlun Jiang
Alterations in the morphologic and mechanical properties of red blood cells (RBCs) are considered direct indicators of blood quality. Current measures of characterizing these properties in vivo are limited by the complicated hemodynamic environment. To better evaluate the quality of fresh and stored blood, a new research platform was constructed to evaluate the hemodynamic characteristics of RBCs. The research platform consists mostly of a microfluidic chip, microscope, and ultrahigh-speed simultaneous framing optical electronic camera (USFOEC)...
August 12, 2016: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Ana T M Viveiros, Isabela M Di Chiacchio, Izabella L G Almeida, Tais R Taffarel, Marcelo C Leal
In this study we compared post-thaw quality of P. lineatus sperm frozen shortly after collection, with sperm frozen after dilution and transportation, and up to 6 h from collection. From each sperm sample (n=10 males) five aliquots were taken. One aliquot was diluted in the freezing medium (1 sperm:8 glucose:1 methyl glycol) and frozen ∼20 min after collection in the field (control), while the other four aliquots were transported to the laboratory where freezing took place 3 or 6 h after collection. From the transported aliquots, two were diluted 1:4 in glucose solution before transportation (diluted samples), while the other two were kept undiluted until freezing (undiluted samples)...
August 3, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Nicole Danos, Natalie C Holt, Gregory S Sawicki, Emanuel Azizi
Efficient muscle-tendon performance during cyclical tasks is dependent on both active and passive mechanical tissue properties. Here we examine whether age-related changes in the properties of muscle-tendon units (MTUs) compromise their ability to do work and utilize elastic energy storage. We empirically quantified passive and active properties of the medial gastrocnemius muscle and material properties of the Achilles tendon in young (~6 mos) and old (~32 mos) rats. We then used these properties in computer simulations of a Hill-type muscle model in series with a Hookean spring...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Akira Okada, Miyu Hirano, Maho Tanioka, Takae Tsujimoto, Hikaru Koyama, Asako Nishimura, Nobuhito Shibata, Keizo Fukushima, Nobuyuki Sugioka
BACKGROUND: Soybean oil-based intravenous lipid emulsion (SO-ILE) has clinical utility as an energy source and in lipid rescue therapy. However, an excessive infusion rate of SO-ILE in routine use and in lipid rescue therapy may cause serious side effects. There is little information about plasma triglyceride (TG) kinetics following SO-ILE administration. The present study aimed to develop a population semiphysiologic kinetic model of TG and to predict the TG kinetics even at extremely high concentrations in rats...
July 27, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Zachary H Levine, Adam L Pintar, Jeremy T Dobler, Nathan Blume, Michael Braun, T Scott Zaccheo, Timothy G Pernini
Laser absorption spectroscopy (LAS) has been used over the last several decades for the measurement of trace gasses in the atmosphere. For over a decade, LAS measurements from multiple sources and tens of retroreflectors have been combined with sparse-sample tomography methods to estimate the 2-D distribution of trace gas concentrations and underlying fluxes from point-like sources. In this work, we consider the ability of such a system to detect and estimate the position and rate of a single point leak which may arise as a failure mode for carbon dioxide storage...
April 13, 2016: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
Lara Lehtoranta, Olli Vuolteenaho, Jukka Laine, Lauri Polari, Eeva Ekholm, Juha Räsänen
INTRODUCTION: Human type 1 diabetic pregnancy is associated with placental structural and hemodynamic abnormalities. We hypothesized that in rat fetuses of hyperglycemic dams, placental and fetal blood flow velocity waveforms demonstrate compromised hemodynamics when compared to control fetuses, and these hemodynamic parameters correlate with placental structural abnormalities at near term gestation. METHODS: Streptozotocin-induced maternal hyperglycemia group comprised 10 dams with 107 fetuses and the control group 20 dams with 219 fetuses...
August 2016: Placenta
Zhiyong Wei, Geoff Wehmeyer, Chris Dames, Yunfei Chen
Molecular dynamics simulations are performed to investigate the thermal transport properties of a three-dimensional (3D) anisotropic phononic crystal consisting of silicon nanowires and films. The calculation shows that the in-plane thermal conductivity is negatively correlated with the out-of-plane thermal conductivity upon making geometric changes, whether varying the nanowire diameter or the film thickness. This enables the anisotropy ratio of thermal conductivity to be tailored over a wide range, in some cases by more than a factor of 20...
October 7, 2016: Nanoscale
Yi-Chieh Lai, Bo Han Cheng, Yung-Chiang Lan, Din Ping Tsai
Plasmonic Archimedean spiral modes on concentric silver (Ag) ring gratings are investigated by FDTD simulations and theoretical analyses. These modes are generated by placing the ring grating under an Ag nanorod to extract the orbital angular momentum (OAM) of spiral surface plasmon (SSP) modes on the nanorod and transform it into the orbital motion of SP on the grating. The formation of Archimedean spiral patterns is ascribed to two factors: both the r- and θ-directional wavevectors are conserved for SSP on nanorod coupling into SP on ring grating and both the r- and θ-directional velocities of SP keep unchanged when it propagates on the ring grating...
June 27, 2016: Optics Express
Guanhua Lv, Jinxiang Li, Shao-Long Tie, Sheng Lan
The influence of a three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystal (PC) on the plasmonic properties of gold nanorods (GNRs), which are placed on the surface of the PC, was investigated both numerically and experimentally. The 3D PC formed by closely packed polystyrene spheres was fabricated by using a pressure controlled isothermal heating vertical deposition technique. For a GNR whose longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) is located at the bandgap edges of the PC, a dramatic narrowing of the absorption spectrum as well as an enhancement in electric field and thus the absorption was observed...
June 27, 2016: Optics Express
Gilles Clément, Robert Terlevic
We investigated whether the perceived angular velocity following velocity steps of 80°/s in the dark decreased with the repetition of the stimulation in the same direction. The perceptual response to velocity steps in the opposite direction was also compared before and after this unidirectional habituation training. Participants indicated their perceived angular velocity by clicking on a wireless mouse every time they felt that they had rotated by 90°. The prehabituation perceptual response decayed exponentially with a time constant of 23...
September 7, 2016: Neuroreport
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