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Yinchao Zhu, Guozhang Xu, Hui Li, Yaqin Huang, Ke Ding, Jieping Chen
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and potential risk factors for nonfatal drowning among migrant workers' children in China. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of students from third to ninth grade at five Migrant Workers' Children schools in Ningbo, China in 2014. General information and a history of nonfatal drowning was obtained from self-reported questionnaires by migrant students. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify potential risk factors. A total 3,859 students were included in the current study...
November 2015: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
You-Xin Fang, Meng He, Jun-Yi Lin, Kai-Jun Ma, Hai Zhao, Zhen Hong, Bei-Xu Li
Psychiatric disorders exhibited in 13% suicidal drownings in Southwestern Croatia and 63% in Milan, but in China is unknown. This study is committed to outline the feature of a suicidal drowning with psychiatric disorder, show mental status and reveal key factor to high incidence in China. Immersed corpses were handled by SPSBMPH in its jurisdiction range. Half of immersed corpses were suicidal, and nearly half of suicides had psychiatric disorders. 104 suicidal drownings with psychiatric disorders cases from 2010...
2015: PloS One
Yoshinobu Kimura, Iwao Kobayashi
A 73-year-old man admitted for near drowning was found after 24 hours of mild therapeutic hypothermia to have pneumonia. Blood gas analysis showed metabolic acidosis, hypercapnia, and hyponatremia. Chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral mainly lower-lobe consolidation. After being treated with 13.5 g of tazobactam/piperacillin and 1.0-1.25 g of vancomycin per day for two weeks, the man recovered from his severe respiratory failure. Enterococcus faecium was isolated twice from sputum and raising the dose of vancomycin was effective, but it took 10 days to wean him from ventilator support...
July 2011: Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
Lidia Ostrowska-Nawarycz, Maciej Rutkowski, Paweł Fijałkowski, Jan Błaszczyk, Małgorzata Majczyk, Tadeusz Nawarycz
UNLABELLED: In recent years we observed increased interest of free radical processes accompanying varying physiological and pathological reactions. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY was an evaluation some of serum microelements (zinc, manganium, chromium, selenium) in serum and antioxidative defense in youth with hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group of 88 youth aged 9-18 with normal blood pressure, prehypertension and hypertension was examined. Blood was taken to examine microelements content and antioxidative barrier activity...
October 2007: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1964: Zacchia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1962: Sveikatos Apsauga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 1961: Nature
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1961: Journal of Forensic Medicine
Yanrong Fan, Wendu Dong, Jingjin He, Li Du, Genxing Xu, Xinjuan Liu, Yun Pei, Gengfeng Fu, Guohua Ma
The study was to observe the therapeutic effect of HJ-1 NO--HFJV respirator on treating pulmonary edema caused by seawater drowning. Seawater was infused into the rabbit's lung to establish the animal model of pulmonary edema caused by seawater drowning(PE-SWD). Then the animals were divided into three groups: simple PE-SWD model as control group, treat group(animal model treated with HFJV respirator and four medicines) and HFJV respiratior plus NO group. Pao2, Sao2 and pH were measured by the blood-gas analyzer...
September 2002: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
K M Edmond, J R Attia, C A Deste, J T Condon
OBJECTIVE: To compare incidences of drowing for children in the Northern Territory (NT) with those in Queensland and the rest of Australia. DESIGN: Descriptive, retrospective, population-based analysis of death and hospitalisation data for drowning and near-drowning. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 0-14 years resident in Australia from 1983 to 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Age-standardised average annual incidence of drowning (1983-1998) and near-drowning (1994-1997) in children aged 0-4 and 5-14 years in the NT, Queensland and the rest of Australia...
December 3, 2001: Medical Journal of Australia
E K Tsybul'kin, O A Rozenberg, A A Seĭliev, V A Volchkov, N V Zaĭtseva, I G Kuz'menko, L V Loshakova, Z I Pelogievskaia, I V Portniagin, S P Shefer
Six critical patients aged 2 months to 13 years with lung diseases were treated by pulmonary surfactant preparation. Three of these children developed the acute respiratory distress syndrome in the presence of grave pneumonia (1 case), asphyxial drowing (1 case), and small-small intestinal invagination (1 case), three others developed acute bilateral large focal pneumonia with or without repeated atelectases. The drug Surfactant-BL was administered in a dose of 400 micrograms/m2 by instillations (2 cases) or by inhalation aerosols...
March 1999: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
S A Gall, W G Wolfe
The symptoms and signs of cough and changes in the air-fluid pattern on chest radiograph are critical as warning signs of bronchopleural fistula. Drainage of the pleural space is a critical first step for all patients to limit endobronchial contamination and prevent drowing. Once nutritional status is optimized and treatment for infection is established, suture reclosure of the bronchial stump with vascularized flap coverage is curative for the acutely presenting fistula, usually fewer than 2 weeks after surgery...
August 1996: Chest Surgery Clinics of North America
W Reuss, W Saeger, T Bajanowski
The morphological structure and immunohistochemical reactions of 100 pituitaries from cases of SIDS children (58 males and 42 females, average age 5.34 +/- 3.12 months) were studied. Controls consisted of 19 pituitaries from children (14 males and 5 females, average age 5.63 +/- 2.52 months) with a clearly identifiable cause of death e.g. drowing or strangulation. The microscopical and immunohistochemical studies for identifying pituitary cell types revealed normally developed organs. Unspecific necroses and haemorrhages were observed in 2 cases of SIDS but in none of the controls...
1994: International Journal of Legal Medicine
M Marx, J Golej, G Fürst, M Hermon, G Trittenwein
The adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in children has a very poor prognosis with a mortality risk of between 55 and 85%, in spite of improvements due to the introduction of positive endexpiratory pressure ventilation. We describe the clinical course of a not yet 3 year-old boy with severe ARDS following near-drowing. Treatment with exogenous surfactant and high frequency oscillatory ventilation, a well-established procedure in neonatology, was responsible for the favorable outcome. The high cost of surfactant therapy, however, is the main limiting factor for this kind of treatment in children beyond the neonatal period, but it may be the last therapeutic resort in the management of severe ARDS...
1995: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
M Schuster, B B Cohen, C G Rodgers, D K Walker, D J Friedman, V V Ozonoff
Massachusetts has developed the first State profile of the causes and costs of injury based on the national study, "Cost of Injury in the United States: A Report to Congress." Incidence of fatal injuries is based on Massachusetts data; nonfatal hospitalized injuries, on Massachusetts age and sex rates and U.S. cause data; and nonhospitalized injuries, on U.S. rates applied to Massachusetts census data. Lifetime costs per injured person are based on national data adjusted for higher personal health care expenditures and for higher mean annual earnings in Massachusetts...
May 1995: Public Health Reports
D Nunez, C Stanley, G W Robertstad, D L Drow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1982: American Journal of Infection Control
D L Drow, D D Manning
An indirect sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of the polysaccharide antigen of type 3 pneumococcus (SSS-III) is reported. Polystyrene balls with attached anti-SSS-III antibody serve as the solid phase, and antigen is detected using an alkaline phosphatase-labeled antiglobulin conjugate. The reaction is quantitated by spectrophotometry. Concentrations of antigen are estimated by comparison with standard curves prepared with purified SSS-III. For this assay, the practical lower limit of detection of SSS-III is approximately 2 to 3 ng/ml, thus making the test sensitivity about 25 times that reported for counterimmunoelectrophoresis...
June 1980: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
D L Drow, D D Manning
Two commercially available kits were compared to an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of Haemophilus influenzae type b antigen polyribophosphate in clinical specimens with infections proved by culture. Methods employed by the kits were latex agglutination (LA) and staphylococcal coagglutination (COA). The COA kit detects H. influenzae type b and types a and c-f with a polyvalent antiserum, whereas the ELISA assay and the LA kit detect only type b. A total of 139 specimens (41 spinal fluid, 35 urine, 25 serum, and 38 sputum) were tested...
December 1983: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
D L Drow, C H Baum, G Hirschfield
The development of practical and rapid methods for detection of infectious-disease-producing agents in clinical specimens is the most important current goal of clinical microbiology. Bioluminescence is a technique which is rapid and potentially sensitive enough to detect significant numbers of bacteria in urine specimens. To determine whether bioluminescence is practical and cost effective for routine use, we compared two commercially available instruments and kits, Lumac and Monolight, to standard bacterial cultures on 986 urine specimens...
October 1984: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
D L Drow, D F Welch, D Hensel, K Eisenach, E Long, M Slifkin
A five-center collaborative study was undertaken to determine the suitability of the Phadebact CSF test kit and the Phadebact group B Streptococcus reagent for routine use by clinical laboratories to detect antigens of common organisms causing bacterial meningitis. The kits employ staphylococcal protein A coagglutination to detect the antigens of Haemophilus influenzae types a, b, c, d, e, and f, Neisseria meningitidis groups A, B, C, Y, and W135, Streptococcus pneumoniae (83 serotypes), and group B Streptococcus...
December 1983: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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