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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779004/cancer-incidence-among-merchant-seafarers-an-extended-follow-up-of-a-danish-cohort
#1
Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Julie Volk, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik Lyngbeck Hansen, Johnni Hansen
OBJECTIVES: While maritime safety generally has improved dramatically over the last century, modern seafarers are still faced with numerous occupational hazards potentially affecting their risk of chronic diseases such as cancer. The aim of this study is to offer updated information on the incidence of specific cancers among both male and female seafarers. METHODS: Using records from the Danish Seafarer Registry, all seafarers employed on Danish ships during 1986-1999 were identified, resulting in a cohort of 33 084 men and 11 209 women...
May 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777788/modified-transanosphincteric-york-mason-repair-of-non-radiated-rectourinary-fistulae-patient-reported-fecal-continence-outcomes
#2
Maxim J McKibben, Joceline S Fuchs, Alexander T Rozanski, Jeremy M Scott, Craig Olson, Farshid Araghizadeh, Allen F Morey
OBJECTIVES: To review our experience with the modified York Mason (MYM) procedure in treatment of rectourinary fistulae (RUF), and to assess fecal continence using patient reported measures. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed for patients who underwent MYM repair of non-radiated RUF with gluteal free fat graft from 2008 to 2016 at a single institution. Success was defined as resolution of fistula without need for further surgery. The Cleveland Clinic-Florida Wexner Fecal Incontinence Score (CCFFIS) and Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) surveys were administered by phone...
May 16, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775393/proactive-strategy-for-long-term-biological-research-aimed-at-low-dose-radiation-risk-in-korea
#3
Ki Moon Seong, TaeWoo Kwon, Jina Park, BuHyun Youn, Hyuck-Jin Cha, Yonghwan Kim, Changjong Moon, Seung-Sook Lee, Young Woo Jin
PURPOSE: Since the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, Korean radiation experts have agreed that reliable data on health risks of low-dose radiation (LDR) are needed to ease the anxiety of lay people. The intent of this study was to devise a sustainable biological program suited for the research environment in Korea and aimed at the health effects of radiation exposures <100 millisieverts (mSv). To address pressing public concerns over LDR risk, we investigated the current understanding of LDR effects by analyzing the previous reports of international authorities for radiation protection and research publications that appeared after the Chernobyl accident...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731626/the-influence-of-disease-severity-and-lifestyle-factors-on-the-peak-annual-25-oh-d-value-of-copd-patients
#4
Magnus Kentson, Per Leanderson, Petra Jacobson, Hans Lennart Persson
Background: The prevalence of individuals deficient in vitamin D (defined as a serum level of the stable metabolite 25(OH)D <50 nmol/L) is increasing in countries with low annual ultraviolet (UV) radiation and among individuals unable to perform outdoor activities, for example, COPD patients. Objective: To assess the role of vitamin D deficiency, independently of seasonal variation, the peak annual value of 25(OH)D was measured in subjects with advanced COPD ± long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) and lung healthy control subjects...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714443/risk-factor-assessment-for-breast-cancer-in-north-cyprus-a-comprehensive-case-control-study-of-turkish-cypriot-women
#5
Ruqiya Pervaiz, Özgür Tosun, Hasan Besim, Nedime Serakinci
Background/aim: This case-control study aims to assess the strength of associations between reproductive, lifestyle, sociodemographic, and dietary factors as well as other potential breast cancer risks and breast cancer (BC) in a North Cyprus population. Materials and methods: The study includes 408 BC patients and 412 age-matched controls recruited from Near East Hospital and Dr. Burhan Nalbantoglu State Hospital in North Cyprus. Information regarding clinical and epidemiological characteristics was collected through a standardized interview...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713532/lifestyle-causes-of-male-infertility
#6
Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Objective: To examine the potential effects of lifestyle factors on male reproductive health. Evidence of a global decline in human sperm quality over recent decades has been accumulating. Environmental, occupational, and modifiable lifestyle factors may contribute to this decline. This review focuses on key lifestyle factors that are associated with male infertility such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol intake, use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, dietary practices, and coffee consumption...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701800/ancestral-function-and-diversification-of-a-horizontally-acquired-oomycete-carboxylic-acid-transporter
#7
F R Savory, D S Milner, D C Miles, T A Richards
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) can equip organisms with novel genes, expanding the repertoire of genetic material available for evolutionary innovation and allowing recipient lineages to colonise new environments. However, few studies have characterised the functions of HGT genes experimentally or examined post-acquisition functional divergence. Here we report the use of ancestral sequence reconstruction and heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to examine the evolutionary history of an oomycete transporter gene family that was horizontally acquired from fungi...
April 25, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691344/women-in-radiography-practice-in-ghana-motivating-and-demotivating-factors
#8
Samuel Anim-Sampong, Lawrence Arthur, Josephine Abena Nkansah, Benard Ohene Botwe
PURPOSE: To investigate and establish reasons for the smaller but increasing population of female radiographers in Ghana, and to evaluate the motivating and demotivating contributory factors associated with women's choice of the profession. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative survey design and a purposive sampling technique were used to recruit participants from hospitals, clinics, and private imaging centers in Ghana. Forty registered female radiographers were invited to participate in the survey, and 30 participants completed and returned the questionnaires...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658296/medical-and-health-surveillance-in-postaccident-recovery-experience-after-fukushima
#9
K Tanigawa
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred following the huge tsunami and earthquake of 11 March 2011. After the accident, there was considerable uncertainty and concern about the health effects of radiation. In this difficult situation, emergency responses, including large-scale evacuation, were implemented. The Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was initiated 3 months after the accident. The primary purposes of FHMS were to monitor the long-term health of residents, promote their well-being, and monitor any health effects related to long-term, low-dose radiation exposure...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655646/5-g-wireless-telecommunications-expansion-public-health-and-environmental-implications
#10
Cindy L Russell
The popularity, widespread use and increasing dependency on wireless technologies has spawned a telecommunications industrial revolution with increasing public exposure to broader and higher frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum to transmit data through a variety of devices and infrastructure. On the horizon, a new generation of even shorter high frequency 5G wavelengths is being proposed to power the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT promises us convenient and easy lifestyles with a massive 5G interconnected telecommunications network, however, the expansion of broadband with shorter wavelength radiofrequency radiation highlights the concern that health and safety issues remain unknown...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606375/the-roles-of-vitamin-d-and-cutaneous-vitamin-d-production-in-human-evolution-and-health
#11
REVIEW
Nina G Jablonski, George Chaplin
Most of the vitamin D necessary for the maintenance of human health and successful reproduction is made in the skin under the influence of a narrow portion of the electromagnetic spectrum emitted from the sun, namely ultraviolet B radiation (UVB). During the course of human evolution, skin pigmentation has evolved to afford protection against high levels of UVR while still permitting cutaneous production of vitamin D. Similar pigmentation phenotypes evolved repeatedly as the result of independent genetic events when isolated human populations dispersed into habitats of extremely low or high UVB...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602835/assessing-the-health-effects-associated-with-occupational-radiation-exposure-in-korean-radiation-workers-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Songwon Seo, Wan Young Lim, Dal Nim Lee, Jung Un Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Ye Jin Bang, Won Jin Lee, Sunhoo Park, Young Woo Jin
INTRODUCTION: The cancer risk of radiation exposure in the moderate-to-high dose range has been well established. However, the risk remains unclear at low-dose ranges with protracted low-dose rate exposure, which is typical of occupational exposure. Several epidemiological studies of Korean radiation workers have been conducted, but the data were analysed retrospectively in most cases. Moreover, groups with relatively high exposure, such as industrial radiographers, have been neglected...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579788/risk-factors-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ali Reza Yusefi, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Peivand Bastani, Maryam Radinmanesh, Zahra Kavosi
Objective: Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, with many influences contributing to the disease. The aim of this study was to identify the most important risk factors. Methods: This study was conducted in 2017 with a structured overview in the Science Directe, Scopus, PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science (ISI) databases. In the first step, articles were extracted based on their titles and abstracts; the quality of 43 articles was evaluated using the STORBE tool. Inclusion criteria were studies carried out on human, English language (first step), year of the study and the study type (second step)...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575554/atmospheric-skin-aging-contributors-and-inhibitors
#14
REVIEW
David McDaniel, Patricia Farris, Giuseppe Valacchi
Cutaneous aging is a complex biological process consisting of 2 elements: intrinsic aging, which is primarily determined by genetics, and extrinsic aging, which is largely caused by atmospheric factors, such as exposure to sunlight and air pollution, and lifestyle choices, such as diet and smoking. The role of the solar spectrum, comprised of ultraviolet light, specifically UVB (290-320 nm) and UVA (320-400) in causing skin damage, including skin cancers, has been well documented. In recent years, the contribution of visible light (400-700 nm) and infrared radiation (above 800 nm) in causing skin damage, similar to the photodamage caused by UV light, is also being elucidated...
April 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548278/whirling-in-the-late-permian-ancestral-gyrinidae-show-early-radiation-of-beetles-before-permian-triassic-mass-extinction
#15
Evgeny V Yan, Rolf G Beutel, John F Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Gyrinidae are a charismatic group of highly specialized beetles, adapted for a unique lifestyle of swimming on the water surface. They prey on drowning insects and other small arthropods caught in the surface film. Studies based on morphological and molecular data suggest that gyrinids were the first branch splitting off in Adephaga, the second largest suborder of beetles. Despite its basal position within this lineage and a very peculiar morphology, earliest Gyrinidae were recorded not earlier than from the Upper Triassic...
March 16, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517416/reconnoitering-the-linkage-between-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-and-long-term-exposures-to-outdoor-environmental-factors-in-the-usa-using-remotely-sensed-data
#16
Ashraf Z Al-Hamdan, Pooja P Preetha, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan, William L Crosson, Reem N Albashaireh
This ecological study aimed to assess the association between long-term exposures to outdoor environmental factors and mortality rate from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a diverse and spatially distributed population from 3,094 counties within the U.S. (n > 3,780,000 CVD deaths) using satellite-derived data of PM2.5 concentrations, sunlight, and maximum heat index. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether PM2.5 , sunlight and maximum heat index were related to the odds of the total CVD death rate based on gender, race, and age taking into consideration the confounding risk factors of diabetes, obesity, leisure- time physical inactivity, smoking and socioeconomic status...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508148/awareness-and-misconceptions-of-breast-cancer-risk-factors-among-laypersons-and-physicians
#17
REVIEW
Jean-François Morère, Jérôme Viguier, Sébastien Couraud, Lysel Brignoli-Guibaudet, Christine Lhomel, Xavier B Pivot, François Eisinger
BACKGROUND: Primary prevention of cancer relies on awareness of and consequent identification of risk factors. We investigated knowledge of breast cancer risk factors not only among laywomen but also among female physicians. METHODS: The EDIFICE 4 nationwide observational survey was conducted by phone interviews of a representative female population (737 laywomen and 105 female physicians) aged 40-75 years, using the quota method. This analysis focuses on spontaneous replies to the question "In your opinion, what are the five main risk factors that increase the risk of breast cancer?"...
March 5, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487796/alcohol-intake-and-brain-white-matter-in-middle-aged-men-microscopic-and-macroscopic-differences
#18
Linda K McEvoy, Christine Fennema-Notestine, Jeremy A Elman, Lisa T Eyler, Carol E Franz, Donald J Hagler, Sean N Hatton, Michael J Lyons, Matthew S Panizzon, Anders M Dale, William S Kremen
Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with deleterious changes in the brain but associations of moderate alcohol intake are not well understood. We examined the association of alcohol consumption with brain white matter health in 377 middle-aged men (56-66 years old; mean 61.8 ± 2.6 years) who were participants in the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging (VETSA). T1-, T2-, proton density-, and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images were obtained. Diffusion measures were quantified from 12 major white matter tracts...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404299/long-term-follow-up-of-retinoblastoma-survivors-experience-from-india
#19
Rachna Seth, Amitabh Singh, Vijay Guru, Bhavna Chawla, Sushmita Pathy, Savita Sapra
Background: Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common primary intraocular tumor of infancy and childhood. Survivors' ocular and visual problems and increased risk for subsequent malignancy are well documented, but data on long-term health status of Rb survivors are limited, this being particularly true for India. Methodology: Children who had completed treatment for Rb at least 2 years ago before and were under follow-up at the after cancer treatment clinic were evaluated...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385507/vitamin-d-status-of-female-uae-college-students-and-associated-risk-factors
#20
Laila F Nimri
Objective: Vitamin D deficiency is now recognized as a pandemic with implications for bone health and chronic diseases. The study investigated the vitamin D status and risk factors of subnormal serum vitamin D levels in female college students. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirate. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were measured for the participating female undergraduate college students using a radioimmunoassay kit...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health
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